The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Reform Advocate -- January 03, 1920
    [Concerning the Marks Nathan Orphanage]

    The new dormitories and other improvements of the Marks Nathan Jewish Orphan Home will be dedicated on January 4.

    The new dormitories and other improvements of the Marks Nathan Jewish Orphan Home will be dedicated on January 4.

    Jewish
    II D 4
  • Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 03, 1920
    Performance of "Golfo"

    The performance of the play "Golfo" last Sunday night was a success. The four leading characters.... are to be congratulated upon their fine work.

    This performance brought to light some defects of the Greek theater here in Chicago. The need of a good prompter is particularly evident. No matter how well the actors know their lines, it is always possible that there might occur a lapse of memory on the part of any member of the cast. The resulting humiliation or confusion can be lessened, if a prompter is there to assist a forgetful individual.

    On the whole, however, the performance of "Golfo" was a good one. And the community should support the dramatic groups, as they are making valuable contributions to our cultural life.

    The performance of the play "Golfo" last Sunday night was a success. The four leading characters.... are to be congratulated upon their fine work. This performance brought to light some ...

    Greek
    II B 1 c 1
  • Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 03, 1920
    Adult School

    All those foreign-born who desire to enroll in a day school are to go to the Haven School, 1472 South Wabash, across from the Coliseum.

    Classes are from 9:00 A.M. until 12:00 noon, and from 1:15 P.M. until 3:15 P.M. All those who work nights may enroll for classes at any time during the day.

    English and other practical subjects are taught in preparation for high school or grammar school examinations. Classes for naturalization are also open to all those who wish to become citizens.

    Learn English if you wish to improve your status; here is a fine opportunity to do so!

    All those foreign-born who desire to enroll in a day school are to go to the Haven School, 1472 South Wabash, across from the Coliseum. Classes are from 9:00 A.M. ...

    Greek
    I A 3
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- January 04, 1920
    Judge Fisher Leaves Today for Eastern Europe as a Relief Representative

    Judge Harry M. Fisher is leaving Chicago today for New York where he will embark for Eastern Europe as a relief representative of the Joint Distribution Committee to investigate the plight of the Jewish war-and pogrom-sufferers. Judge Fisher was the main speaker this afternoon at the consecration of the Marks Nathan Orphan Home. He will leave from there at 5:30 P. M. for the Union Station to take a train for New York.

    During his journey Judge Fisher will visit Rumania and its principal cities such as Bucharest, Galatz, Jassy and Kishinev. He will also visit Odessa and other cities of that region in Russia. He will remain there for four months and will then return to America to report what he heard and saw and to describe clearly to the Jews of Chicago the terrible plight of their sisters and brothers in the regions of want, sickness, and pogrom-terror.

    2

    The relief representative of Chicago is thus far the most prominent person sent to Eastern Europe by the Joint Distribution Committee. His abilities as a relief worker were shown most clearly by Judge Fisher himself in the last relief drive for one million dollars; a drive which was carried out successfully and in which he raised a substantial share.

    Judge Harry M. Fisher is leaving Chicago today for New York where he will embark for Eastern Europe as a relief representative of the Joint Distribution Committee to investigate the ...

    Jewish
    II D 10, III H, I G, IV
  • Znanje -- January 05, 1920
    Prohibition in Practice

    A bitter fight has been going on for some time between the Government and the liquor dealers regarding permission to sell liquor stocks now on hand in the warehouses and in retail establishments.

    On January 16, 1920, national Prohibition goes into effect, and the sale of liquor will then cease altogether. Under ordinary circumstances, liquor could be sold up to that date, but this is now precluded by the fact that war-time prohibition is still operative. War-time prohibition was enacted by Congress, and has been sustained by the Supreme Court. The sole hope of the liquor distributors is now President Wilson, who has the power to declare demobilization at an end; and [since war-time prohibition would then no longer be effective,] the sale of liquor would then be legal until January 16.

    Well, the sale of liquor will soon be prohibited by law. But, of course, the 2stuff will be sold illegally. Our present [war-time] prohibition law has failed to do any good. By forbidding the sale of liquor, it has permitted the dealers to make a lot of money through illegal sales. In addition, the law aids and abets swindling, since the victim cannot complain of a swindle in an illegal transaction. In many cases, people have paid a lot of money for a barrel of whisky, only to find that there was a little whisky on top and that the rest of the stuff was water. This has been a frequent practice recently, and it shows how much evil there is in our so-called civilized society. Many of these swindlers are among our "best citizens," although the truth is that they are just so many crooks.

    One of the results of prohibition has been the widespread drinking of wood alcohol, which is nothing else than a poison. There were numerous cases of alcoholic poisoning during the last year, and in the last few days no less than two hundred cases have been reported. People help themselves as best they can. In order to get something to drink, they either make their own 3alcohol or buy it. And in either case the stuff kills them. During the recent Christmas holidays, many people bought whisky from bootleggers. The stuff was poisonous, and forty-five persons died as a result of drinking it. These cases are reported from all over the country, and there will undoubtedly be more of them. The bootleggers are interested only in making money; they are not at all concerned about what happens to their customers.....

    We are not friends of alcohol; neither do we advocate drinking. The fact is, however, that Prohibition has been enacted against the will of the people; and the truth is that the people are ready to defy the law in order to get liquor. This is the best proof that the people are opposed to Prohibition.....

    Prohibition was enacted by Congress, which did not act out of sincere conviction. The newspapers have told us of many wealthy advocates of Prohibition who have provided themselves with ample stocks of liquor sufficient for many years to come, although these same people want liquor kept out of the hands of 4the masses. According to those who know, there is plenty of drinking in the homes of the wealthy. If this is correct, then Prohibition is nothing less than hypocrisy.

    A bitter fight has been going on for some time between the Government and the liquor dealers regarding permission to sell liquor stocks now on hand in the warehouses and ...

    Croatian
    I B 2, I B 1
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- January 05, 1920
    J. Leibner, Chicago's Delegate to Convention of Rumanian Jews

    The Chicago Union of Rumanian Jews at a meeting yesterday in the Douglas Park Auditorium elected J. Leibner of the Courier as their delegate to the convention of the United Rumanian Jewish Associations which will be held in New York on the first of February.

    Mr. Leibner, who is a native of Rumania, is well acquainted with the political and economic condition of that country. He was elected unanimously to represent Chicago's Rumanian Jews at the convention in New York which will be the most important of any ever held by the Rumanian Jewish organizations in the United States. It will be the first convention of the combined two bodies (Federation of Rumanian Jews and American Union of Rumanian Jews) which not long ago competed in the field of charity. From now on however they will work together as one national body for the benefit of the Jews of Rumania.

    2

    The New York convention, at which Mr. Leibner will represent Chicago, will discuss important plans regarding both political and economic relief for the Jews of Rumania. It is expected that the convention will elect a committee which will leave for Rumania to take over the relief work in the homeland.

    The Chicago Union of Rumanian Jews at a meeting yesterday in the Douglas Park Auditorium elected J. Leibner of the Courier as their delegate to the convention of the United ...

    Jewish
    II D 10, III B 4, III H, I G, IV
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- January 05, 1920
    A Glorious Celebration at the Orphanage

    A large gathering of people from various parts of the city attended yesterday the dedication of the Marks Nathan Orphan Home in honor of the remodeling of the institution, thus increasing the accommodations for a larger number of orphans than are at present in the Home.

    The friendship for and the interest in the institution were especially manifested by the audience when the different "honors" were auctioned off. About twenty-five thousand dollars was collected.....

    A donation of fifty-one dollars was given by Mr. M. P. Ginsburg, publisher of the Courier, in honor of Mrs. Ginsburg, who became fifty-one years of age yesterday.

    The following speakers addressed the gathering: President Charles Herron, 2Rabbi Nisan Budzinsky and Judge Harry M. Fisher, Mrs. Jacob Malkes donated twenty-five dollars to the Home for the safe return of Judge Fisher from his journey to Eastern Europe as a relief representative.

    Rabbi Budzinsky, in his address, emphasized Judge Fisher's mission and his interest in the war- and pogrom-sufferers. He offered him his blessings for a happy journey and a safe return. During the time of the blessing Judge Fisher stood with bowed head and cried softly.

    A large gathering of people from various parts of the city attended yesterday the dedication of the Marks Nathan Orphan Home in honor of the remodeling of the institution, thus ...

    Jewish
    II D 4, II D 10, III H, I G, IV
  • Znanje -- January 05, 1920
    Prohibition in Practice

    For a long time there has been a bitter fight between American authorities and merchants of alcohol to allow the sale of all stock of alcohol stored in places of business and warehouses.

    On January 16, 1920, the Prohibition Law will be in force and sale of any alcoholic drinks stops. Until that time it would be possible to sell, were it not for the restriction ordered during the war. Congress approved this restriction, helped by a decision of the Supreme Court.

    The only hope for distributers of alcohol remains with President Wilson. We is able to declare the mobilization finished, and allow the sale of alcohol until January 18.

    So it looks as though the sale of alcohol will be prohibited publicly, but it will be sold secretly.

    The Prohibition Law did not bring any good. It made secret the public sale of alcohol, allowing the dealers to make more money by selling "in secret."

    2

    Besides, the prohibition law helps to cheat, since the cheated cannot complain, as the trade in alcohol is forbidden for both parties.

    It happens that many pay a great deal of money for a barrel of whiskey. Later they find that the whiskey is just on the top of the barrel, the rest all filled with water. That has happened very often lately, which shows how much badness there is in so-called civilized people.

    Many of such cheaters have a good reputation as citizens, but in fact are felons.

    A sequence of prohibition is the drinking of wood alcohol, which is nothing else but poison. Cases of alcohol poisoning through the year were many; in the last few days there were 200.

    People help themselves as well as they can just to have something to drink. They prepare their own alcohol or buy it, and after drinking it, they die.

    3

    During the Christmas holidays people wanted to have whiskey and bought it from poachers. The whiskey was poisonous and 15 persons died of it. Such news come from all states. It seems there will be more cases of this type.

    These poachers are men who are after profits and they do not concern themselves with the effects of their ware. Doctors and police work hard to prevent poisoning. Orders are given to close all places where alcoholic drinks are served. In official circles it is expected that there will be more deaths during the New Year holidays.

    We are neither friends of alcohol nor advocates of drinking, but it is a fact that prohibition was enacted against the will of the people, that people are eager to cheat the state and authorities wherever they are able to take hold of alcohol. That is the best proof that people are not for prohibition.

    The state did not score a success by proclaiming prohibit on, but rather opened a way for cheaters to poison people secretly. The American Congress passed the Prohibition Law, but this was not done in sincerity.

    4

    The newspapers have brought to light the fact that many rich supporters of prohibition provided themselves with alcohol for many years despite their readiness to deny drinking to the people. Whoever knows life in rich homes, knows that they drink plenty there.

    If that is true the prohibition law is hypocrisy and nothing else.

    For a long time there has been a bitter fight between American authorities and merchants of alcohol to allow the sale of all stock of alcohol stored in places of ...

    Croatian
    I B 1
  • Znanje -- January 05, 1920
    To Our Readers

    This number of Znanje we publish on four pages, because our office is closed since last Saturday.

    Comrades Kutuzovic and Zikic were arrested.

    In so far as these persecutions are expressions of autocratic will and have no legal foundation whatsoever, we hope to be able to continue with our regular work editing the paper, as well as the sale of books. For that reason readers may send subscriptions for the paper or orders for books.

    We are taking all measures to secure the regular publication. The shortage of reading space in this number we will try to make up, so the readers will not miss very much.

    Comrades, subscribers, workers! You stood by your paper always. This paper 2gave you mental food. The duty calls on you now, in this decisive moment, not to leave the ranks in a magnificent battle for human rights and better civilization.

    This number of Znanje we publish on four pages, because our office is closed since last Saturday. Comrades Kutuzovic and Zikic were arrested. In so far as these persecutions are ...

    Croatian
    II B 2 d 1, II B 2 d 2, I E
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- January 06, 1920
    Schiff State Bank Sends Mr. Goldman as Emissary to Europe

    Schiff and Company State Bank, Twelfth Street near Halsted Street, the largest and oldest Jewish state bank, is sending an emissary to Europe, who will personally visit Poland, Galicia, Lithuania and Rumania. Mr. Jacob Goldman, manager of the bank's foreign-exchange department, has been chosen by the latter as the suitable person to represent them.

    This great Jewish institution could not find a more capable, more suitable and trustworthy person than its emissary. Mr. Goldman possesses all the qualifications necessary; he is reliable and dependable.

    Mr. Goldman has been engaged in the foreign-exchange and steamship ticket business for fourteen years, and for the last four years has served as manager of the foreign department of Schiff and Company State Bank. Having varied experience and knowledge in this field he will have the proper background to 2accomplish his mission perfectly.

    The news that the Schiff State Bank is sending an emissary to Europe was received with enthusiasm by Chicago Jews. They know that this great Jewish institution with an honorable reputation of twenty-seven years behind it is one of the most reliable and safest banks. It means help of great importance for the tens of thousands of Jews in Poland, Lithuania, Galicia and Rumania.

    Hundreds and thousands of Jews from all parts of the city are coming to the bank to forward money, letters, and personal regards to their near ones and dear ones through Mr. Goldman, who will deliver them personally to each suffering family across the sea. Entire organizations are taking advantage of this opportunity and are sending money to their native cities. Truly, this is an opportunity of a lifetime! The emissary is a responsible person and represents a responsible bank.

    The Schiff and Company State Bank is sparing no expense in order to carry out 3everything properly and punctually. No extra charges will be made, for the bank assumes all the expenses of Mr. Goldman's journey. Even his special transportation while traveling from one city to another for the "landsleit vereins" (countrymen organizations) is assumed by the bank.

    In Europe,Mr. Goldman will make direct connections with numerous cities in Poland in order to speed up and guarantee the delivery of monies. Representing a big financial institution like the Schiff State Bank with an influential reputation, Mr. Goldman will enjoy the opportunity of carrying out his mission in the proper manner, and that means a great deal for Chicago Jews who are willing to extend aid to their families and relatives in Europe.

    Mr. Goldman will leave next Thursday evening, January 8. He will embark for Europe from New York harbor on January 14. During his journey through Poland, Lithuania, Rumania and other countries he will communicate with the Schiff State Bank by cable.

    4

    It is in place here to congratulate the Schiff and Company State Bank for their sensible choice of Mr. Goldman as their emissary for this mission. The latter is no author, doctor, or lawyer, but an experienced foreign-exchange person who will be interested only in the fulfillment in a suitable manner of his special mission.

    Schiff and Company State Bank, Twelfth Street near Halsted Street, the largest and oldest Jewish state bank, is sending an emissary to Europe, who will personally visit Poland, Galicia, Lithuania ...

    Jewish
    II D 10, II A 2, III H, IV