The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Sichovi Visty -- July 13, 1918
    (No headline)

    Ukrainian youth! Undoubtedly the Siege News appears at the proper time. At this opportune time it brings to you a highly ideal slogan: "In the healthy body, a healthy mind."

    It is at the right time that this sacred work is being started; the work which tends to organize our youth into the Siege Organization, with the object of helping a balanced development of the physical and spiritual forces of the commonalty. In other words, to help to unfold the all around proper balanced development of the youth in America. This kind of upbringing is positively necessary. Even although this work is somewhat belated, nevertheless it is better late than never.

    May we say one thing on our behalf, that the founders of the Siege News do not have any intention of satisfying their private ambition. The Siege News is a crystallization of wishes which are founded on idealism and love of the nation, especially the youth. The Siege News 2goes to you, the progeny of our famous forefathers, to help to bring out and show forth the life-giving light, to uplift the average person both physically and spiritually, to lay a foundation on which we can build a plan for a fulfillment of our national duty here.

    When we observe the development of cultured nations, we notice that they, in bringing up the new generation, took into consideration a balanced development both intellectually and physically. The results of this upbringing were such that sickly-looking individuals were almost entirely eliminated; there was no prematurely old youth, no pessimists, no individuals careless toward the affairs of their own nation. The importance of such upbringing was properly understood in the old country during the last years before the World War. Every 3one there looked intelligently upon the development of our Ukrainian "eagle" and "Siege" ranks, for they knew the consequential meaning of it all. The brutal ruinous war did not spare our "eagles" and "Sieges." Yet, one day the war will be over and they will arise again to life.

    In America, for several years there was felt an ardent necessity of the Siege Organization. Here our youth is exposed to a thousand and one dangers. Now, when we look upon the life with our own eyes, the American youth, not only in the educational institutions but also in clubs, cares for a physical development: our own youth, however, is getting dissipated before, our very eyes. Our youth here is on the road to ruin.

    We cannot say that our Ukrainian youth does not like athletic associations. We can gather many facts which prove that many a Ukrainian young man belongs to foreign organizations. This is a great loss to 4our own nation. We must not permit our energetic youth to lose itself in the foreign scattered fields.

    Some years ago many branches of our Siege Organization were opened. This is a comeback to the better. This is a nice beginning. Let us not fold our arms; let us not abandon our well-begun work. "Well begun is half done" only then, when the other half is not slept through.

    On our part we have done, are doing, and will do everything to make the Siege Organization grow for the good and glory of this country and Ukrainia.

    In order to animate thoroughly the Ukrainian Siege movement in America, we undertake to publish The Siege News. Let us not put any political program ahead of another. Our object is: to train the youth of Ukrainian descent of both sexes, and the training of the youth will be of such 5a nature that both physical and intellectual faculties simultaneously will be taken care of by a development of the physical energy through athletics, and the young mind through reading the proper literature, lectures, etc. The character of such training is of a patriotic nature. When our youth is well educated and enlightened, then it will follow such political roads which will add the most for the good of the whole nation.

    "In the sound body, a sound mind!" When our physical strength develops by joint physical drills, then our minds will crave also for work and knowledge. Then we shall help the youth to get rid of thousands imperfections which fall into their eyes. Then we shall guard the youth from thousands of dangers, against languish and demoralization, of which Ukrainia will be proud.

    We send out to you this first issue of the Siege News. Let this our 6periodical be the center of the life of our youth. Let it keep us united in one large family; let is lead us always onward to progress, to everything uplifting and sublime. Let it long live and serve for the glory and good of the whole nation.

    With sending to you this first issue of the Siege News, we appeal to you: Join one and all the Siege Organization! Open up Siege branches everywhere. Unite, work, and educate yourselves! On this depends our future.

    Accept the Siege News with such love as we are sending it out into the world.

    We are aware of having done our part! Now it is up to you, Ukrainian youth, to do yours!

    Ukrainian youth! Undoubtedly the Siege News appears at the proper time. At this opportune time it brings to you a highly ideal slogan: "In the healthy body, a healthy mind." ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, III E, II B 3, II B 2 d 1, I M, III A
  • Ukraina -- August 21, 1920
    Attention, Ukrainian Youth of Chicago and Suburbs!

    On Sunday, September 5, at 2:30 o'clock, in Eckhart Park Hall, Chicago Avenue and Noble Street, there will be a speech given to inform the Ukrainian youth who are planning to enroll in the day or night courses with the new school semester.

    Countrymen, the war is already ended, and now begins the reconstruction which is needed mostly by Ukrainia. All the nations are preparing for this work but alas! we Ukrainians will add nothing to our Fatherland. Shall it not be a shame for us when other nations will occupy the high positions all over the world and even in Ukrainia? Will we not be ashamed of ourselves when we return to Europe without any profession or trade?

    In order to meet the situation the Ukrainian Circle of Self-Education obligated itself by informing the Ukrainian youth of the technical, educational and business courses. We invite all Ukrainians to this meeting, both men and women who are interested in education.

    On Sunday, September 5, at 2:30 o'clock, in Eckhart Park Hall, Chicago Avenue and Noble Street, there will be a speech given to inform the Ukrainian youth who are planning ...

    Ukrainian
    I A 1 a, III H, III E, I G
  • Sichovi Visty -- March 15, 1922
    Chicago Siege Branch No. 15 Helps Ukrainian Ex-Soldiers

    For singing Christmas carols, Bohdan Chmelnitsky Siege Branch No. 15, Chicago, Illinois collected $387.11, the Children's branch organized by and collateral with Branch No. 15 collected $100 and the boy's branch also gathered $100. This made a total of $587.11. To this, Mr. N. Navrotsky, financial secretary, added from the general Siege account $7.89 which made a grand total of $600. This sum, Dr. S.K. Hrynevetsky, chief executive of the Siege organization, sent to Dr. Smallstotsky for the Ukrainian ex-soldiers, definitely stating that the sum came exclusively from Bohdan Chmelnitsky Siege Branch No. 15, Chicago, Ill.

    For singing Christmas carols, Bohdan Chmelnitsky Siege Branch No. 15, Chicago, Illinois collected $387.11, the Children's branch organized by and collateral with Branch No. 15 collected $100 and the boy's ...

    Ukrainian
    II D 10, II B 1 a, III B 2, III E
  • Sichovi Visty -- March 17, 1922
    Letter of Acknowledgment to the Chief Executive's Office of the Siege Organization, Chicago

    I am sure that you must have received by now my letter of acknowledgment and thanks to you for the substantial donation of six hundred dollars for the unfortunate ex-soldiers, whom ill fate has cast out of their own native country, for which they fought.

    This, your good will donation, is constantly before my eyes, because it shows the actual fact that for the past few years how steadily you have felt an increasing sense of responsibility toward the nation as a whole. It is high time I let the world know of your noble activities, especially from the time your great Siege organization so widely developed pro-national tendencies. This activity not only woke up the old from inertia, but also the women, and even the youth became tireless workers in the direction of the national organizations. They do not spare either spiritual, moral, or physical support, in full awareness of the fact that only in this way 2the Ukrainian nation will win its independence and free its native land from under the yoke of the enemy.

    My words can hardly express to you my joy in learning from your letter, wherein the donation of six hundred dollars was enclosed for our unfortunate brothers, whom ill fate has cast out of their native land to foreign lands, that this sum was collected by B. Chmelnitsky Siege Branch No. 15 alone, including its two collateral groups of older women and the youth. When our youth is already so filled with firely love toward their misfortunate brothers that they are ready to give them aid and help to defend their people and their native land then our faith becomes far greater for a better and brighter future for our Ukrainian people and thereby we are much stronger and closer to the goal of freeing our nation from under the enemy's yoke.

    Hail to your glorious youth! Their youthful zeal inspires us and those whose faith after a long struggle in fighting for freedom may have weakened 3somewhat. Your youth wakes up the sleepy and commands them: "Unite into one national front and with greater determination against the cursed enemy."

    May these, my words, come as a further inspiration and guidance to your glorious youth to continue its splendid work through which it will win the favor and thanks of all Ukrainian people. Of course, my former letters of thanks to you also include your organized youth.

    Your humble servant,

    Dr. Small - Stotsky.

    I am sure that you must have received by now my letter of acknowledgment and thanks to you for the substantial donation of six hundred dollars for the unfortunate ex-soldiers, ...

    Ukrainian
    II D 10, III B 2, III E
  • Sichovi Visty -- June 10, 1924
    Resolutions of the Fifth Siege Convention Held in Philadelphia (By a Chicago Ukrainian Dr. Joseph Nazaruk)

    I

    Concerning Reinforcement of the Siege Organization

    The Convention thinks that it is necessary to make some fundamental changes in order to reinforce the organization. One of the changes will be that the Chief Executive must appoint all the officers, with the exception of those whom he thinks ought to be elected by their respective District or Branch. In case of the death or the resignation of the Chief Executive, his assistant will take full charge of the Office. And in case the latter can not continue in the Office, he has the right to appoint an Interim Chief Executive, until the next referendum. The manner in which the Chief Executive is to be elected will depend upon the latest amended by-laws. This amendment is done according to the leading thoughts of the speech on the by-laws, at every Siege 2Convention, and according to the five articles in the Siege Organ, under the title: "Let us Build a Strong Siege." The Chief Executive is to hold the Office for three years. All the other officers are his subordinates, and they are either directly appointed, or approved by him. After the three years are over, he must call a convention, at which the delegates will either re-elect the old, or elect a new Chief Executive. The Convention must appraise and approve, or otherwise, the work of the Officers in power for the past three years.

    The Chief Executive once elected for three years, can be deposed only by a referendum, that is, by a general voting of every Siege member, and when two-thirds of all the Branches and within each Branch, two-thirds of the votes are against the Chief Executive, he is deposed. Should the Chief Executive be reluctant to arrange for such a referendum, upon a demand of two-thirds of the Branches, the assistant to the Chief Executive has the right to arrange for the referendum.

    N. B. After a conference of the lecturer with the Chief Executive, the former made a motion only to elect financial secretaries. Mr. Stephen 3Muryn of Chicago was elected the General Financial Secretary. The election of the local secretaries was left to the Districts and Branches respectively. Other officers must be left entirely for the approval of the Chief Executive, after such names are presented or submitted by the respective Districts or Branches. Until further notice by the Chief Executive, the present officers hold their respective positions.

    II

    Organizational Affairs

    The Siege Convention considers only those people as enlightened, who steadily belong to one or more of the Ukrainian organizations, and who steadily carry some burden for the sake of their Ukrainian Nation in their state. All others are merely ethnographical material, who are either Little Russians, or Little Poles, who through their inertness, in case of fight, cannot be depended upon; but on the contrary, through their indifference they help the occupiers to hold the Ukrainian country and nation in bondage.

    4

    Therefore, the Convention calls upon all Ukrainians to join the Ukrainian National Organizations and thoroughly fulfill the duties of the organizations, and at the same time train their children to do so.

    The Convention considers the Siege as the only organization which can unite all the Ukrainians, regardless of creed or political party, on the whole earth: in Europe, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and other parts of America as well as in Asia, and elsewhere. Therefore, the Convention appeals to all Ukrainians, in whatever part of the world they may be, to form clubs, groups, within the Siege organization, in every locality wherever there are ten or more Ukrainians to be found, and to see to it that they get in direct contact with the Siege Headquarters in Chicago, if they are in America, or with other Headquarters, if they are in any other part of the world.

    III

    State Affairs

    The Siege Convention is positively and firmly for the Independent

    5

    Ukrainian State, since the whole Ukrainian Country is at present occupied by foreign governments. (A nation can be considered as unoccupied only when its land has definite boundaries, independent of any foreign country; when it has its own Supreme Government with its army, treasury, and its offices filled by its own people.) Therefore, because the Ukrainian nation is lacking all this on its own soil, it is in a state of war with all its occupiers. Although at the present moment the Ukrainian Nation is conquered, no lawful representative of the Ukrainian land and country has signed a peace treaty with its occupiers.

    The Convention finds it necessary to create a Ukrainian State Center, outside its own country, where it can be free to establish the necessary Ukrainian institutions, organizations, and newspapers. Such a center should not have a committee, but one person; because wherever a committee rules, it usually leads only to deterioration of the national ideals. Committees should be created only as advisory bodies, which can take care of certain branches of general business.

    6

    Individual members of those Committees should be responsible to the Chief Executive, who should have the right to accept their resignations, and appoint or approve new members, upon the request of the Ukrainian organizations in that particular country.

    The entire Ukrainian Nation should finance this Center, especially the American immigrants, with a regular National State tax collected monthly by all Ukrainian organizations.

    IV

    Unification

    The Siege Convention recognizes the necessity of a united National State front in America and also ways and means that lead to this unity. In regard to this unification, the Convention admits that the general endeavors to attain it are so excellent that the Convention can add nothing for its betterment, except congratulations.

    With reference to the National tax collected by the Siege Branches, the

    7

    Convention gives a free hand to every Branch whether they have to send it through their respective Siege District Office, or whether each Branch must send it separately and directly to the Headquarters in Chicago. Each District has the right to direct and instruct its own Branches as to what they have to do and how they must do it in this particular case.

    V

    Tax

    The Siege Convention considers it the duty of every Siege member to pay the National State tax regularly as had been established, to help the Old Country which is weltering in blood and suffering, and which is in dire need of the help for widows and orphans, for disabled invalids, as well as for the Ukrainian vernacular schools so terribly persecuted by the occupiers.

    VI

    Religious and Church Affairs

    8

    The Convention considers religious and church quarrels among the Ukrainians, as well as every kind of disturbance against the churches, as throwing a bone of discontentment, and thus distracting the attention of the people from the organized struggle for its State independence. Therefore, every kind of a quarrel against churches or between churches are to be considered nothing else but a ruinous activity, which will only benefit the enemies of the Ukrainian Nation. Every nation, whose lands are occupied by its enemies, must preserve harmony among its people, otherwise a fight is impossible, and all its dissensions among its people are instigated all the more by its enemies, who thus profit by the internal quarrels of the nation.

    VII

    Press

    The Convention considers the press the chief medium of promulgation, propaganda, and firm establishment of the ideals of the organization. Therefore, the Convention has decided that from now on every Siege 9member must be a subscriber of the Siege organ. The nearest referendum must abolish subscribing to the paper and limit the monthly dues so that they will take care of the upkeep of the Siege Organization as well as the publication of its organ. The Convention approved of the work of the present editor, and also approved of his continuing in this position.

    VIII

    The next Siege Convention is to be held three years from now in Detroit, Michigan.

    IX

    The Convention annuls all decrees prior to the by-laws of this Convention that are not in accord with its final decisions.

    I Concerning Reinforcement of the Siege Organization The Convention thinks that it is necessary to make some fundamental changes in order to reinforce the organization. One of the changes will ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 4, II B 2 d 1, II D 10, I A 1 a, III B 2, III E, III H, III C
  • Sichovi Visty -- August 01, 1924
    Chicago News

    A Ukrainian druggist Mr. Michael Shvets, who has influence in the sport's world, decided to present wrestling matches every other week at the Oakley Boulevard and Rice Street Hall. The best local wrestlers will take part.

    The net proceeds of the first match, which will take place about March 7 or 8, next year, between Captain George Zapisetsky and Mr. Stanley Sbyshko, will go to both the St. Nicholas Church and the Siege Organization.

    Of all the following matches half of the proceeds, as assigned by Mr. Shvets, will be designated for the above purposes but with one reservation, namely, that both the parish and the Siege Organization have control over the ticket box and the necessary expenses, lest later there be any criticism and possibility of having more expenses than income.

    Therefore, it is Mr. Michael Shvets's wish and desire that the Chief Executive Dr. S. K. Hrynevetsky representing the Siege Organization, and another delegate representing the parish be present at every meeting before each wrestling match is to take place.

    A Ukrainian druggist Mr. Michael Shvets, who has influence in the sport's world, decided to present wrestling matches every other week at the Oakley Boulevard and Rice Street Hall. The ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, III C, III E
  • Sichovi Visty -- August 15, 1924
    Siege Organization Reorganized with Chicago as Headquarters Explanations Repeated Strengthen the Organization

    The resolutions passed at the Fifth Siege Convention for a reorganization of the Siege organization require a more thorough explanation, because, until the present time, we did not have such fundamental changes in any of our organizations. Therefore, our people will find it difficult to become accustomed to such great changes. For this reason it is necessary, especially at the beginning, to explain the changes in the by-laws at every meeting, until all Siege members in general become accustomed to them. These explanations repeated many times, will strengthen the organization.

    Ruling Body Strengthened

    The most important change has been in the status of the Chief Executive; it has been unanimously strengthened. Does that mean that now he has 2become an absolute dictator of the organization? This is not so, he has only become its first real executive, particularly where the interest of the organization requires it. Already at the Convention, in the matter regarding financial secretaries, the Chief Executive agreed to their election, and the only thing he reserved for himself was his approval of them. There is a twofold benefit out of it: 1) The organization will have confidence in the financial secretaries elected and approved by him; 2) In case of necessity, the Chief Executive will have the power to immediately stop any disorder or irregularity and order a new election of them or of any other officer.

    The By-Laws of the Organization

    The by-laws, which will be prepared and placed before all the members for referendum, will give the rules of the organization to which even the Chief Executive will have to submit. Every officer will also have to comply with the by-laws, because he is the head of his own branch or detail, and therefore responsible for his charges.

    3

    The strengthened power of the Chief Executive refers particularly to matters of the organization. In matters of general public interest, the Chief Executive will act according to the decisions of the whole Executive Staff, including the District Majors.

    The Chief Executive and His Officers

    According to the opinion of the Chief Executive, the purpose of the by-laws is that its authority in the whole Organization is to be the same as that of the Chief Executive, as well as that of the District Officers. This means that the Chief Executive is first among the Knights of the Round Table. The only difference being that the Chief Executive's activity is much larger, for it includes the whole Organization, and therefore, his authority is much greater.

    The Chief Executive has the right and privilege, when making appointments, of also cancelling or taking them away, in case the appointed persons do not fulfill their duties. This is a universal order. An officer can keep his commission only as long as he fulfills his obligations in accordance with the by-laws of his organization.

    4

    District, Circuit, and Company Officers

    From now on, the organization as a whole will be represented by the Chief Executive; every District, Circuit, and Company will be represented by its head, or officer, according to the by-laws of the organization--no laxity there.

    All misunderstandings in the Companies will be settled by their Captains, after he has heard both sides of the stories. In case there is a misunderstanding in the District, the District Major will take care of that. The Chief Executive is the highest authority, of course, in any case that might arise in the organization.

    Obey Well if You Want to Command Well

    Thus reorganized, Siege shall flourish and grow, because its officers will really deserve respect from all the people, and this will be so because they will strive to be upright and hard workers. Let us not worry, the people will always highly respect upright and active officers, 5and thereby the Siege organization will be strengthened in its prestige and in every other way. The officer, who will snow subordination and discipline to his superiors, will surely command subordination from his inferiors, and general respect from the people. This is the way it always was, is, and shall be throughout the world.

    Successful Beginning Alone is Insufficient:

    Successful End Will be the Crown of our Work

    All the members of the Siege organization have the opportunity to witness and take part in the pioneer reorganization and strengthening of the cause for liberation of our Nation. Therefore, every honorable member and every honorable man in general, will support our work in every way possible now that it has been reorganized. Tactful and prudent officers should always listen to the ideas and thoughts of the most highly respected members, and good members should always respect their superiors and officers, even though their ideas may differ, or not coincide with the opinion of the masses. Thus we shall be able to build a great and powerful organization, which in turn will become an 6example of unity and discipline for the whole Ukrainian Nation. And thus training the whole Ukrainian Nation we shall reach our highest aim, the Independent Ukrainian State, which will take care of all Ukrainians irrespective of their creed or party.

    Therefore, in agreeable broad-mindedness, let us all support our organization, which has a great aim. This, which for us is just a trial, for other nations is already a reality. This gave them their strength. Let us, therefore, one and all see to it that our trial also becomes a reality.

    The resolutions passed at the Fifth Siege Convention for a reorganization of the Siege organization require a more thorough explanation, because, until the present time, we did not have such ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 4, III B 2, III E
  • Sitch -- April 15, 1925
    Ukrainian Scout Band of Chicago

    During the early part of 1925, the Ukrainian group at Oakley and Rice Streets, organized a band composed of boys from ten to eighteen years of age. The name of the band is "The Ukrainian Scout Band of Chicago." The St. Nicholas Church Parish purchased the instruments, which cost nearly two thousand dollars. The idea of organizing a band came from Mr. Stephen Musiychuk and Mr. Simeon Kochy, both well-known as workers in the Ukrainian nationalist, as well as in the musical field. It was not easy to make this idea come to pass.

    With the arrival of Rev. Father F. Tarnawsky, everyone began to cooperate in this work. The band now has fifty members. Its director, John Barabash, director of music in the Harrison High School of Chicago, is known to everyone as the only Ukrainian to hold such a position in the field of music in America. The assistant director is Mr. Stephen Musiychuk; Mr. Simeon Kochy, 2a student of medicine who will shortly become one of our Ukrainian physicians, is business manager.

    The band made its first appearance on Apr. 5, 1925 while Bishop Bohachewsky was in Chicago. The large crowd greatly admired these young musicians, especially because they had studied only three months. The future of the Scout Band looks very promising. The Ukrainians of Chicago are proud to have people among them who know how to carry out enterprises like this. In the near future this band will be known not only in Chicago, but throughout the United States as well.

    During the early part of 1925, the Ukrainian group at Oakley and Rice Streets, organized a band composed of boys from ten to eighteen years of age. The name of ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 1 a, III E, III C, II A 1, I C, IV
  • Sitch -- December 01, 1931
    Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the St. Nicholas Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church in Chicago

    On November 26, 1931, twenty-five years will have passed since the organization of the St. Nicholas Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church of Chicago. The anniversary of this event is of great importance to the Ukrainian people of the United States from a nationalistic as well as a religious standpoint; for the history of the Ukrainian people has been preserved by their Church in the United States.

    About fifty years ago the Ukrainian people--a totally disorganized group--immigrated to the United States and to other countries of the New World. Very few of these immigrants intended to settle permanently in this strange land. They came for the purpose of making money--and after they had made enough money they intended to return to their native land. But they stayed 2on, and presently their desire to return home was forgotten in their joy at having found this land of plenty.

    To satisfy their religious needs they attended the Russian Orthodox and the Polish churches which had been established here for some time. These first Ukrainian immigrants became very attached to these churches. Through the agitation of the Russian Orthodox and Polish priests the Ukrainians began to call themselves Rusini (Russians)--and to assimilate the customs of this group. It was not until later, when the immigration of the Lithuanians from eastern Galicia had increased, that the Ukrainian Greek Catholic parishes began to organize and to build their own churches. Within these churches our people formed groups whose duty it was to preserve the particular customs and traditions of their native land. A historian who undertakes to write the history of our people in either the United States or in Canada should first consult the Ukrainian Churches, for only there will he find the necessary material for his work.

    3

    The Organization of the Ukrainian Greek Churches in Chicago

    In 1905, the city of Chicago and the surrounding territory contained a few score of Ukrainian inhabitants--immigrants from eastern Galicia. Among them was the family of Jacob Olenec, to which a son, Michael Olenec, who now is operating a drugstore on Chicago Avenue, was born August 16, 1905. The baptism of their son presented a problem to the Olenec family. The father learned of a Greek Catholic Church on the South Side of Chicago at 4949 South Seeley Street, whose pastor, Father Victor Kowalitsky, and parishioners were natives of the Carpathian Ukraine. Mr. Jacob Olenec asked Father Kowalitsky to baptize his son and also invited the Father to attend the baptismal party. During the celebration at Mr. Olenec's home, Father Kowalitsky advised the guests to organize their own church. The assembled guests accepted Father Kowalitsky's advice and decided to call a meeting for this purpose in the near future.

    According to the parochial books the first meeting was held on December 31, 41905, at 939 North Robey Street (now Damen Avenue). This meeting was opened by Father Kowalitsky with the Lord's Prayer, and he spoke to the assemblage on the need for organizing their own church. He also told them that for eight thousand dollars they could buy a church on Bicker-dike Street from the Danish people. At this meeting it was resolved to purchase this church. Twelve church officers were elected at once.

    First Church Committee

    The first church committee was composed of the following persons: Father Victor Kowalitsky, president; John Tzihon, vice-president; Peter Winiarsky, treasurer; and Dr. Vladimir Sieminovich, secretary.

    The trustees were: Attorney Stephen Yanovich, Michael Zyma, John Shved, Carl Dziak, Nicholas Labant, Stephen Horansky, Jacob Olenec, Basil Biskup.

    The following men were elected as collectors: Anton Molochnyk, Andrew Kymak, 5Stephen Horansky, Andrew Cherepa, Nicholas Kozuba, Basil Biskup, John Kregel, and Jacob Olenec.

    At this meeting thirty-three persons volunteered contributions totaling five hundred dollars for the organizing fund. Six people offered to lend money for the purchase of the church; toward this fund Mr. Jacob Olenec gave five hundred dollars. The Union Bank lent them five thousand dollars which was secured by a first mortgage. The remaining two thousand, secured by a second mortgage, was borrowed from John Shved and Peter Winiarsky (each of whom lent a thousand dollars).

    There were fifty-one people present at the first mass, each of whom contributed one dollar.

    At the meeting mentioned above it was also resolved that the committee hold a meeting at 7 P.M., January 2, 1906, at the office of Fritz Frantzena, 6292 Milwaukee Avenue. At this time they planned to sign the contract for the purchase of the church and to make a five-hundred-dollar down payment with the promise to pay the remaining sum after a period of twenty days.

    The minutes of the first meeting were signed by the following: Father Victor Kowalitsky, Michael Zyma, John Tzihon, and Dr. Vladimir Sieminovich.

    At the first meeting (December 31, 1905) it was decided to name the church St. Nicholas, and to sign it over to our bishop who was to come to America.

    On January 28, 1906, the newly organized Ukrainian Church on Bickerdike Street held its first mass, which was celebrated by Father Kowalitsky. The altar on which the first mass was celebrated was donated by the Magyar Roman Catholic Church of Burnside.

    After the first services, news of the newly organized Ukrainian Church of 7the Greek rite spread rapidly among our fellow Ukrainians and the parish began to increase.

    Pastors of the Church

    The first priest to serve as pastor of the St. Nicholas Church was Father Victor Kowalitsky, as we have mentioned. It was not an easy task for the first pastor to lead the newly organized parish; it was necessary to devote much work and energy to providing the church with the necessary equipment, for the income was very small. The parochial books of that time show that the income for the first six months of 1907 was $1,469.08.

    Father Kowalitsky was pastor of the St. Nicholas Church for approximately a year and a half. He left the parish on the Saturday before Palm Sunday in 1907. After him came Father L. Besaha who was pastor of the parish only a few months; the parochial books record the name of Father Besaha at the 8yearly meeting of July 7, 1907, and by the following meeting, which was held on October 13, 1907, he had gone. (This meeting was opened by Basil Kowalsky, who was appointed as a delegate to New York to greet Bishop Ortynsky.)

    After the departure of Father Besaha, Father Nicholas Strutynsky became pastor (he is now priest of a Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church in Detroit, Michigan). Father Strutynsky presided over the parochial meeting held November 17, 1907. At this meeting it was resolved to pay the cathedraticum to the Ukranian Bishop Ortynsky, the bishop who had just arrived from Eastern Galicia. This order was issued by Pope Pius himself.

    Father Strutynsky was pastor of the St. Nicholas Church for nearly fourteen years, and during his pastorate the parish grew visibly. At this time many Ukrainian people began coming to the United States from the old country; the Ukrainian group in this country was steadily growing larger.

    9

    Then Father Strutynsky suggested the plan of building a new church in a different locality, and this was carried out.

    In 1921 Father Strutynsky went to another parish; in his place came Father Constantine Kyrylo, who remained here one year. After him (in 1922) came Father Basil Stetsiuk who began working energetically to advance the work of his predecessors, but this did not last long for Father Stetsiuk's work was terminated by his tragic death.

    In 1923 Father Philemon Tarnawsky was appointed pastor of this church where he remains to this very day and where, with God's grace, he leads this parish.

    Since the organization of the St. Nicholas Church the following priests have served as assistant pastors: Father Michael Kuzmak (now pastor of the St. Mary's Ukrainian Church on the South Side of Chicago), Father Merenkiw, Father Leo Van, and Father Michael Kindey.

    After the death of Father Stetsiuk and until the coming of Father Tarnawsky, 10Father Denis Giretsky served as visiting pastor.

    The Building of A New Church

    In order that the plan to build a new church might be carried out, it was first necessary to purchase the land. In 1912 Mr. Basil Kowalsky found the lots--a large tract of land at Oakley Boulevard and Rice Streets--which the parish bought, and where they began building the new church.

    The building plans were drawn up by I. G. Stienbach, and the construction work was carried out by M. Ryan (both residents of this city).

    On November 27, 1913, the cornerstone was blessed by Bishop Ortynsky. At this ceremony the church made a clear profit of $507.86. The church was erected in 1914.

    The first mass in the newly built church was held Christmas Day, January 7, 111915.

    The newly built St. Nicholas Church is an enormous temple; no Ukrainian church in the United States or Canada can compare with it.

    The church, a wooden structure, is designed in the Galician-Ukrainian style. It is painted in the Byzantine style with the Slavic stylistic motives of Kiev and Novogorod.

    The edifice contains nine pictures. There is a painting in the upper apse (the presbytery), and in the apsidal recess there is a reproduction of the celebrated "Immovable Wall" of the St. Sophia of Kiev and the monumental Holy Virgin, "Oranta" (the Praying Virgin). In the lower compartment there is the magnificent representation of the "Eucharist," an ancient motif borrowed from the same St. Sophia of Kiev. The painting represents our Lord administering Holy Communion to the Apostles.

    Above the apse, in the "triumphal arc," there is a large painting depicting 12"Deisus" (the Supplicant). In the middle is the figure of our Lord with the open Gospel in his left hand. To the right of His image rests the Holy Virgin, and to the left is St. John the Baptist, both with heads lowered in prayer. Behind the Holy Virgin stands St. Nicholas, the Patron of the Church; and behind the figure of John is the Martyred St. Josephat. Both Saints maintain an attitude of prayer for their faithful people.

    Within the northern arc is a large painting of the Pentecost, a reproduction of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles.

    On the southern arc is a large painting representing the Assumption of the Holy Virgin in the Novogorod style of the fourteenth century. In the four corners under the apsidal are four Evangelists and their symbols resting on thrones.

    The stained-glass windows are decorated with beautiful mosaics. In the large window over the choir loft is the traditional picture of Judgment 13Day. The window in the north wall contains a picture of the Birth of Christ. In the south window is a large picture of the Transfiguration of our Lord. In the eight small double windows are beautiful pictures of saints facing the altar.

    This is the first time stained glass has been used as a medium for Byzantine art.

    The main altar, the tabernacle altar, and the two side altars, are made of white Italian marble with Byzantine mosaics.

    All of the sketches for the ornamentation of the windows and altars were planned and drawn by Father Gleb Werchowsky. The painting and most of the decorating was executed by our Chicago Ukranian artist, Mr. Theodore Katamay.

    The stained-glass windows were constructed by a Chicago firm, the "Munich Studios".

    14

    The St. Nicholas Ukrainian Church embraces nearly eight hundred Ukrainian families who support it materially and physically. There are approximately five hundred families who are faithful parishioners and about three hundred of these are grouped near the church, thereby confining their spiritual and national needs.

    The church also provides an evening school where several hundred Ukrainian children who attend a public school during the day are being taught to read and write the Ukrainian Language. The school is conducted by the Sisters of the Basilian Order and Mr. Dmytro Atamanets.

    There are many societies within the church. One of the most zealous church societies is the adult Apostolic Prayer Society (which was confirmed by the diocese director, the late Father Zahar Orun, on May 3, 1916); there are four juvenile branches of the Apostolic Prayer Society (two of girls, and 15two of boys, all of which were organized in 1924). There are also: Mary's Company (organized in 1927), the Sisterhood of the Immaculate Conception (the latest to be organized), St. Stephen Society (organized in 1908), and the St. Nicholas Society (organized in 1906), branches of the Ukrainian National Association; the St. George Society, the Markiyan Shashkevich Society, a branch of the Providence Association (a benevolent organization); and the St. Vladimir Society, a branch of the Ukrainian Workingmen's Association.

    Many of the parishioners belong to the United Hetman Organization and the Sitch Red Cross. The church has its own singing society, the Lysenko Chorus, which is directed by Dmytro Atamanets.

    Ever since the establishment of the St. Nicholas Church the parishioners have taken an active part in Ukrainian National affairs, and have contributed considerably to the relief of their native country.

    The Ukrainian committee collected eight thousand dollars during the time of 16the Ukrainian liberation conflict to be donated as a "National Loan". Not long ago there was a collection of one thousand dollars for the so-called "Needy Fund," which provides aid for our native country. There have been many contributions to the "native school" of the old country; not long ago, at the time of the visit of the "native school" delegate, Mr. Yasinchuk, a donation of thirteen hundred dollars was collected. There have also been many collections for Ukrainian invalids in Europe.

    Every year the parish, either separately or in conjunction with other societies, observes traditional national Ukrainian holidays, and holds exhibitions and important religious and patriotic festivities which reveal the national spirit.

    The organization of church societies at the St. Nicholas Church added much to the strengthening and uplifting of the religious spirit among our parishioners, and at the same time created moral discipline among them. They also made the group more conscious of their national obligation, always 17to aid the native cause.

    Our societies have exercised a definite influence on the young Lithuanians who are natives of this country: youth that attends its own church, hears its own mass, speaks its own language, and sings in its own choir.

    Ukrainian Night School

    The night school at the St. Nicholas Parish is very important to the children who attend public day schools where they do not acquire any religious training. They are given this training in the parochial night school. Besides this they learn to speak and to write their own language, and to understand the history and geography of their native land. In this way we are filling the hearts and souls of our young with the desire to love their own. During the last nine years approximately three hundred students have received diplomas from the Ukrainian Parochial School. In 1925 the order of Basilian Sisters came to teach the students. The parish also 18maintains two separate schools where about eighty children attend classes.

    The Lysenko Chorus of St. Nicholas Church

    The Lysenko chorus is a singing and dramatic society, which, in addition to performing the functions of the church, gives plays, concerts, and other cultural entertainments. All this takes place in the hall of the St. Nicholas Church. The Lysenko was organized in 1907. Its founders were Father Nicholas Strutynsky and Michael Kostiuk, who became the first leader of the chorus. At that time many Ukrainian people, especially the young Ukrainian businessmen, assisted in the organization and development of this society.

    During the leadership of Michael Kostiuk the chorus took part in a contest of choruses at Riverview Park; the chorus sang two songs: "Vulitzia" (Street) and "Hulyali" (Danced).

    In 1917 Basil Kotziubinsky was engaged as leader of the chorus. He led 19the group for three years and presented many plays and concerts for the Ukrainian colony in Chicago.

    In 1920--1922, Theodore Hoptiak and the late Natalia Hruniewetska led the chorus.

    Father Basil Stetsiuk, who personally was a great lover of music and who sang very well himself, was appointed pastor of the church in 1922. From the very beginning of his pastorate he attempted to broaden the scope of the chorus and to direct its singing activities into the field of higher art. Through him the chorus was divided into two parts--male and mixed. The male chorus was led by Father Stetsiuk himself, and the mixed by Mr. Hoptiak. In this year both choruses appeared at the World's Exhibition at the Municipal Pier in Chicago. This concert was heard by about ten thousand people and was written up in all the American newspapers of Chicago.

    In 1922 the church officers asked Mr. Dmytro Atamanets to lead their 20chorus. He accepted and is still successfully leading this chorus.

    In Europe Mr. Dmytro Atamanets took an active part as an actor-singer in Stadnyks-Lviw Ukrainian Theatre; later, after his arrival in this country he worked as director of a chorus in Detroit, Michigan. After accepting the leadership of the Lysenko chorus Mr. Atamanets displayed his organizing ability in his endeavor to raise the status of the chorus. The progress of the Lysenko chorus received great commendation in the city of Chicago as well as in other cities.

    The Lysenko Singing Society gives annual concerts to celebrate Schevchenko, November holiday, and other national holidays. They have presented a series of concerts on the radio. The chorus appears to be the cultural fire of the Ukrainian parish, where the Ukrainian group can always find cultural activity to warm its aesthetic sensibilities--for they love their own native art. The patriotic work of the Lysenko Singing Society and its leader, Mr. Dmytro Atamanets, is highly appreciated by the parish. We are 21glad to have among us such an active nationalistic organization.

    On November 26, 1931, twenty-five years will have passed since the organization of the St. Nicholas Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church of Chicago. The anniversary of this event is of great ...

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  • Sitch -- March 15, 1932
    Young Sitch Activities

    We have taken pride, in the past, in boasting of the fighting deeds of our Cossacks and of other great men who have fought for their ideals, but why should we be content just to extol those who fought in the past? Why not turn a leaf of our own, and show the world that this present, young generation of Ukrainians is as capable, if not more so, of performing similar deeds or (if we may be so bold as to say) even greater ones than those of our forefathers?

    In order to show the world what we are and what we can do, we must have a proper place in which to demonstrate our ever-present desire and ability to do things. We must have a home of our own. All Sitch companies and Ukrainian church organizations of Chicago have pledged themselves to support any movement to build schools and athletic homes for the young Ukrainian generation in Chicago and vicinity. The members of these organizations should be 2highly commended for the extreme interest they have taken, and we, the young generation, should forever feel deeply indebted to them.

    What have we to show that we are worthy of such loyal support, and how can we express our gratitude and appreciation? The least that we can do is to show our interest by pushing, pulling, dragging, and striving by every means humanly possible to support the worthy movement.

    Sitch Company I is very much interested in the construction of a building on the Saint Nicholas church grounds in Chicago, where space could be provided for both a school and a gymnasium. Toward this end Sitch Company I together with Central Headquarters is sponsoring an amateur championship boxing contest, the proceeds of which will be used to help furnish athletic equipment for our new gymnasium, and, at the same time the Ukrainian champions of the various boxing classes will be determined. The final winners of these contests 3will be awarded beautiful prizes by the Reverend Father F. Tarnawsky, including a trip to Cleveland or Detroit, where the Ukrainian boxing championships of the United States of America will be decided. This boxing contest is open to all Ukrainian boys up to twenty-eight years of age, regardless of where they may reside, their standing, or whatever organization they represent. The only requisite is that they be of Ukrainian birth or descent.

    Let's go, you young Ukrainians, and show our fathers and mothers that we are capable of doing things. Enroll in this contest and show your ability!

    We have taken pride, in the past, in boasting of the fighting deeds of our Cossacks and of other great men who have fought for their ideals, but why should ...

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