The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Ukraina -- October 18, 1919
    Here Is No Poland, You Polacks, but the United States of America

    The "Siege" movement which spread among the Ukrainians in Chicago, New York, and throughout the United States through natural irresistible force, restlessly excites the hot-headed Poles. Fortunately, this is not Poland here, but a free democratic country. Here they cannot establish and give a free hand to hoards of rootless Polish state detectives; they cannot establish the Polish "culture" of arson, gibbets and dungeons. But the Polish black hand is present even here. Where it is impossible for them to carry on their savage work with bayonet and dagger there they fight by spying and misinformation.

    The United States federal authorities in New York raided the Siege locale in search for weapons and inciting literature - of course, they did not find anything of the sort, because the Siege members are not anarchists, but Ukrainian patriots who want Ukrainia to be an independent republic, established not on communism, but on a democratic foundation.

    2

    The Ukrainians in the United States are grateful to the federal government for the freedom which they use to good advantage, and the best sign of their gratefulness is the fact that thousands of our boys fought in the World War under the Stars and Stripes of Uncle Sam.

    The federal agent was showing translations from our newspapers Ukraina, Siege News, and other Ukrainian newspapers, which the Polacks purposely mistranslated in order to denounce us. Of course, in those reports the Polish translators twisted around many statements. It is a known fact that the Polack could not live without lying.

    The federal agent visited Ukraina and inquired about the Siege movement among us. Both in Chicago and in New York he obtained the same answer, namely, that the Ukrainian movement is a national independence movement, and that "Sieges" are Ukrainian national athletic associations. He asked whether we drill with weapons. To this we replied that we do not have any permission for it, but that we shall apply for one.

    3

    Without permission we do not have any weapon drill, because it is against the law, and the "Sieges" were, are, and will be loyal and law-abiding citizens of the United States.

    Up to the present time inquiries ended, yet we are sure that it is the Polish black hand which will be restless and will invent something new in order to check the spread of the Siege movement.

    This should only strengthen our work in that direction. It is evident that the Poles are afraid of the Sieges, since they want to stop this movement. Let, therefore, every enlightened Urkrainian, man and woman, join our ranks. Let all the Ukrainians of New York and Chicago and of the whole United States join the Siege association.

    There should be nothing more advantageous to us than public litigation, if it only would come to pass. By the litigation the American public 4would find out who is Paderewski and his bourgeois - clerical clique which now rules Poland. The Americans would find out about all the savageries of the Hallor's (Polish) army, about the atrocities and barbarism of the Huns of the present age. There would come to true light the fake "knighthood" of the Polish bandits, who horribly raged at the defenseless Ukrainian inhabitants of the Eastern Galicia. The bandit stamp would be attached to the Poles once for all, and their so-called "culture" would show itself nothing more than ordinary savage animal brutality.

    Therefore, to work, Siege members! Do not be afraid of the Polish threats in America. The Americans, and not the Poles, rule this country. Our movement when advertised will bring us sympathy from the freedom-loving Yankees.

    The Americans warred for the ideal of freedom.

    5

    The Americans went to the World War in order to free the whole world.

    When the Americans learn about the fact that so many disadvantages came upon Ukrainia, how much the enemies press from all sides against Ukrainia, in order to enslave us, the Americans will be the first ones to say to our national enemies: "Get out of Ukrainia! Hands off from the Ukrainian possessions!"

    Let our enemies rage in their powerless wrath.

    With faith in our proper right to demand what is our own, let us stand under the Siege banner, under the flag of one undivided and independent Ukrainia!

    N. Burlaka.

    The "Siege" movement which spread among the Ukrainians in Chicago, New York, and throughout the United States through natural irresistible force, restlessly excites the hot-headed Poles. Fortunately, this is not ...

    Ukrainian
    I C, I G, III H, I E, III D, III B 2
  • Sitch -- January 01, 1930
    The Ties between the Sitch Organization and the United States National Guard

    In our last issue the Sitch Central Committee announced the confirmation of ties between the Sitch organization and the United States National Guard. Even before this many of our members had joined the 132nd Infantry so as to become American soldiers and thereby acquire more military training. Today our aim is to explain to our readers why we should join the United States National Guard.

    It is not beyond possibility that some will think that this is unreasonable, saying: How can one remain a Ukrainian patriot and still join the ranks of another country's army, thereby so seriously obligating himself to serve the interests of another commonwealth, when military service with all its burden and eventualities is only for war?

    Such a question might justly be raised among all honest people who have 2become accustomed to the serious outlook on life. Therefore we must answer in this manner: By joining the United States National Guard nobody impairs his patriotism, even as nobody harms it by becoming an American citizen. But by becoming a citizen of this country one is obligated to protect its interests against the enemy. If one were to become a citizen of the United States only because of the material and political advantages which this citizenship offers and was not willing to carry any of its burdens and obligations, it would be a contemptible procedure, and such a man never could be considered a good citizen.

    A Ukrainian has no country of his own as yet, and when he takes the oath on becoming an American citizen, he does not betray any one except the Austrian, Polish, Russian, or Roumanian government. Therefore, if you join the United States National Guard as a citizen of the United States, you do not gamble on raising the sword against your own country, as it might have happened to those of certain other nationalities who have entered the ranks of the American Army.

    3

    become accustomed to the serious outlook on life. Therefore we must answer in this manner: By joining the United States National Guard nobody impairs his patriotism, even as nobody harms it by becoming an American citizen. But by becoming a citizen of this country one is obligated to protect its interests against the enemy. If one were to become a citizen of the United States only because of the material and political advantages which this citizenship offers and was not willing to carry any of its burdens and obligations, it would be a contemptible procedure, and such a man never could be considered a good citizen.

    A Ukrainian has no country of his own as yet, and when he takes the oath on becoming an American citizen, he does not betray any one except the Austrian, Polish, Russian, or Roumanian government. Therefore, if you join the United States National Guard as a citizen of the United States, you do not gamble on raising the sword against your own country, as it might have happened to those of certain other nationalities who have entered the ranks of the American Army.

    4

    First of all we must consider this special aspect of our subject. The United States is the only country in the world in which a person can become a citizen and still not betray the nation of his birth or lose its spirit, for the simple reason that the American nation is composed of people of many nationalities who compose this mutually governing and working commonwealth. There is no other country in the world of which you may become a citizen and still remain a son of your European Fatherland, so that you can actually help it and fight for it. As an example we have here the Irish, who through a few hundred years of Americanization,have acquired all the necessary material resources and have carried on a fight against England for their independence and gained it.

    As another instance take the Poles, who with their American comrades gained the freedom of Poland. The Czechs achieved the same end through American soldiers who at the same time were Czechs and patriots, and the same thing happened to the Slovaks and the Lithuanians.

    5

    The nature of the American state usually favors the endeavors to attain freedom of those countries which are oppressed or abused and which have nationals among the citizens of the United States. We can maintain with absolute certainty that no other country in the world has this spirit, for not one of them would permit immigrants to found national societies or create military units to serve their oppressed native lands.

    America cannot have any colonizing intentions regarding the European countries; therefore it does not have them in regard to the Ukraine. Its intentions are clear and honorable. The American love of freedom is universally known. This love inspired America to help in forming national legions for the oppressed nations, and many who joined these legions were found to be good American citizens.

    It is true that we often hear Americans say that only that immigrant can make a good and patriotic citizen of the United States who was and is a 6good patriot with respect to his native land. This is true, for how can you love the country in which you were not born and be true to it if you do not love and honor the country in which you were born? But it is not difficult for our Ukrainian patriots to join the United States military service. There is no difference between Ukrainian and American patriotism.

    There is one important fact which influences the majority of our people, and that is that the United States does not have compulsory military service. The American Government does not force you to render military service as other countries do, and that is why it appears to Ukrainians that the United States does not regard such service as obligatory. Therefore, any one may say, "My home is on the border," and he may carry on his business in the hope that the army which he was not forced to join will defend him from the country's enemies. But he who truly accepts American citizenship and knows what it means to be a member of a commonwealth should understand that in return for all the benefits which he enjoys as a citizen of this vast American country he should help to carry certain burdens. Of these 7obligations the most important is that every normal and healthy man should help to defend the country in which he enjoys privileges and of which he receives benefits. He who does not care to defend this country came here only seeking something for nothing. The mere fact that we are American citizens should impel us to enter the United States military service so as not to hide behind the backs of other citizens, dwelling as peaceful inhabitants who seek only our own comfort, when instead we should be ready to give our lives for the country of which we have vowed to be loyal citizens.

    The United States maintains the so-called National Guard, the military organization which accepts all men who care to enlist voluntarily. This same service sent some millions of soldiers to the French front, thereby determining the outcome of the great war. Soldiers of all the [subjected] nations were enlisted in this military service, and as a result they now may boast of having their own countries.

    8

    Where were the Ukrainians then? Some of us called ourselves Austrians, others Magyars; and those who considered themselves Russians rejoiced because the Russian mobilization could not reach them here in the United States. Those Ukrainians, almost thirty thousand of them, even in the time of the war might have made their way into the United States Army, thereby getting to the front, but they did not form any fighting unit and did not have any political influence. They therefore had no effect on the destiny of our native land, for they were unorganized, and they had no prestige; hardly any one knew about them.

    Is it not time that we corrected this infirmity? We do not know whether there may not shortly be a new World War, which again will change the map of Europe, and in which again the fate of the Ukraine will be involved. No one can guarantee that it will not come to this. Let us suppose that this will not take place in our generation; is it not nevertheless worth while to have our own American-Ukrainian military unit here in the country where we are allowed to have such things?

    9

    As we mentioned above, the reason why the United States did not speak up for us Ukrainians is that we lacked Ukrainian-American soldiers in the World War. Now we may say, to console ourselves, that the will to found our own country was too weak at that time; the idea of a free Ukraine was limited to Ukrainians in Germany or Austria because the rest of our fighting men were in the same encampment with Russia, and therefore even America would have [been against any attempt of theirs to attain independence]. The result is that our politicians did not adjust themselves in time and came to their senses too late as usual, though the fact that it was too late was hardly our fault.

    We now see that America will be the one to decide the future conflicts of the world. Therefore whom should we conciliate for our cause if not America?

    There are two different advantages in creating a Ukrainian military unit in America: first, the national and political advantages for the Ukraine; 10second, the advantage for the individual Ukrainian-American, who will be benefited by it later on.

    The first advantage is political. If we have military unites in the American Army, Washington will officially recognize us as a nation. The American Government and its laws do not recognize those peoples who have countries of their own unless they declare themselves as nations striving to gain their independence, [demonstrating their purpose by] forming separate units in the American Army. The historic examples of this are the above-mentioned Polish, Czech, and Lithuanian legions; through them America recognized their peoples as nations--nations deprived of their countries. To put it briefly, in order that America may recognize us as a nation even before we have our own country, we must form at least one unit of the American National Guard. Therefore the first goal is that the Government of the United States shall acknowledge our national existence and the legitimacy of our efforts to attain independence.

    If the best and the largest unit of our potential Ukrainian Army shall be 11created and formed in America, then when it comes to founding our country, America and her Ukrainian citizens as soldiers of this army will have the right to say the deciding words, and no other Ukrainian formation will have that right.

    We, members of the Sitch organization, can and must achieve our aim because we are Americans! We must prove to America and to the whole world that we are a race fit to rule by our nature and by our cast of thought, even if only because we want to receive the confidence of American governing circles; and by enlisting in the National Guard we shall achieve the most important aim of our organization. If we do not achieve our aim, our Sitch organization will be merely a set of toy soldiers. Therefore, to put it briefly, the members of the Sitch organization have the opportunity to become real soldiers and to acquire all the military training requisite for modern warfare.

    Let us now view the individual and private advantages which the American 12Army offers. A member of the Sitch organization who enlists in the military service of the United States will be grateful to the United States for all the benefits which he has received and which he is to receive by living in this country. Every one knows what these benefits are, especially if he compares the misery and the political oppression from which he came with the life in America. A member of the Sitch society by enlisting in the Army has the opportunity to become a true patriot among honorable Americans and a full-fledged citizen. He ceases to be a foreigner and becomes a real American. Every one can understand how this may prove advantageous in future years. A Ukrainian who enlists in the National Guard has the opportunity to learn something, to broaden his education by pursuing many technical studies, very profitable for him and for the group which he frequents outside the service. The member of the Sitch organization who enlists in the National Guard finds himself in the company of good people who are conscious of their governmental and social obligations; therefore such a member has the opportunity to utilize his free moments culturally at the proper 13educational gatherings. Ukrainians enlisting in the National Guard also have a chance to learn dicipline and order, which our people sadly lack.

    Besides all the above-mentioned opportunities the founding of a Ukrainian military unit has one more advantage, perhaps the most important of all, namely, that these Sitch soldiers will play the principal part in the liberation of the Ukraine; therefore they will be the founders of a large and important Ukrainian army which under the leadership of Hetman Skoropadsky will create a new, invincible commonwealth of Cossacks and forever defend the freedom and the liberty of our native land.

    In our last issue the Sitch Central Committee announced the confirmation of ties between the Sitch organization and the United States National Guard. Even before this many of our members ...

    Ukrainian
    III D, III H
  • Ukraina -- July 25, 1930
    To the Ukrainian Legionaipes in Chicago and the Suburbs

    We, the undersigned, hereby call all the Ukrainians that served in the American army, whether or not they are connected with any legion in Chicago and vicinity.

    The purpose is to think over how to organize one powerful Ukrainian organization of military people.

    Today we live through such times in our national Ukrainian affairs that all the thinking Ukrainians should be duly organized, and especially those that are devoted to the service of the people.

    Scattered in all parts of Chicago, residing far from each other, the military Ukrainians, such as the legionaires and the civilians as well, should be all duly organized.

    No one knows how soon the bell may sound that Ukraine is liberated and made a free state.

    2

    All understanding the value of this call are requested to write in care of the Ukrainia by addressing the envelope to the "Legionaire."

    Very truly yours,

    John Vorobetz

    John Sinuk

    Theodore Dutkanich

    John Dutkanich

    Leo Tiahnibyk

    Stephen Protziuk

    We, the undersigned, hereby call all the Ukrainians that served in the American army, whether or not they are connected with any legion in Chicago and vicinity. The purpose is ...

    Ukrainian
    III H, III A, III D
  • Sichovi Visty -- [Unknown date]
    A Biography of John Barabash American Veteran of the World War

    John Barabash, son of Eugenia and Gabriel Barabash, was born in the village of Zarudia, Ternopil County, Ukrainia. After finishing grammar school, he left Ukrainia for Hanover, Germany, where he had a good opportunity to hear different sorts of good music. There he received his first inspiration, and determined to give himself to the study of music.

    In December, 1912, he arrived in New York, and then went on to Chicago, where his two brothers, Martin and Thomas were living. Soon he joined the Chicago Ukrainian, under the name of Taras Shevchenko Band, and later on he played a trombone in the Chicago City Band. On the side, however, it was his ambition to reorganize and better the Ukrainian band. This he succeeded in doing, and made great progress with it.

    In 1917 he joined the American army, 131st Infantry. Later, as a first-class musician, he was transferred to the 44th regiment, and from there sent to the military band school. After finishing this he became a conductor of a military band and had thirty-five musicians to supervise. In a short 2time he made such a good showing with the band that he recieved high official praise, which was published in the Chicago Daily Tribune, and he became a candidate for first lieutenant at the time the Armistice was signed.

    Upon his return, he left the army and obtained a position as a player in three Chicago theatres.

    At this time he studied harmony of music at the Chicago Musical College, and attended Harrison High School, where he had obtained a position as conductor of the Harrison Technical High School Band. As conductor there he made wonderful progress. Besides all this work, he did everything possible to change Ukrainian amateurs into real musicians.

    One of his best qualities was that when he was appointed conductor of the army band, he attracted the attention of not only American admirers of music but also Ukrainians, and other nationalities, who all wondered at the skill 3and deftness of the talented young conductor. Everywhere in the city among musicians as well as lovers of music, one could hear admirers of John Barabash predict a great career for him.

    The Ukrainians of Chicago cherish high hopes for John Barabash; it is a commonly anticipated belief that he will become the best band conductor among the Ukrainians in the whole United States, and thus he will help to spread the fame of the glorious Ukrainian songs throughout America.

    [The prophesy of the people about him was correct, and the proof of it is that in about 1935 the Harrison Technical High School Band, under the leadership of Captain John Barabash won first prize in the United States.

    The secret of his success is strict discipline with himself and with his students, as well as untiring hard work coupled with determination and a strong will. Transl.]

    John Barabash, son of Eugenia and Gabriel Barabash, was born in the village of Zarudia, Ternopil County, Ukrainia. After finishing grammar school, he left Ukrainia for Hanover, Germany, where he ...

    Ukrainian
    IV, II A 3 b, III D
  • Sichovi Visty -- [Unknown date]
    We Cannot Keep Silent Any Longer By Mr. Paul Novodvorsky, a Ukrainian-Chicagoan

    A great injustice is being perpetrated upon the Ukrainian nation; injustice that cries out to heaven for vengeance!

    During the World War, we honorably and honestly fulfilled our duties toward our American Government.

    We gave the American Government everything we could to help America win in the World War.

    We spent large sums of money, which we earned by the sweat of our brow, in purchasing the American Liberty Bonds.

    At the call to the colors by the American Government, thousands of Ukrainians 2joined the United States Army, and shoulder-to-shoulder we fought and shed our blood, helping America to gain victory, glory, and power.

    And What an Irony of Life!

    The ex-President, Mr. Woodrow Wilson, in the name of the Allies and of the American Government, solemnly declared that we should go beyond the sea to destroy the aggressive robbers and imperialistic militarism, and win independence for all subjected nations.

    Ex-President Wilson, in the name of the American Government, in the name of the American Nation, solemnly declared before the whole world that we would fight for justice, and that all the subjected nations will get their freedom and independence.

    We sincerely believed that ex-President Wilson meant what he said and would 3show himself actually a great and just man. We trusted that when he spoke in the name of the whole American People, that he would fulfill all his promises to the letter.

    We trusted that at the Peace Conference in Paris, the then President Wilson would defend the rights of the Ukrainian subjected territory in Eastern Galicia.

    But Mr. Wilson shamelessly did not keep his promise to us. For our honest-to-goodness loyalty and our great sacrifices, given during the World War, in the name of and for justice, he paid us back with terrible injustice. In an understanding with the Allies, he, in the name of the American Government, agreed that the bloody charlatan Haller, the Polish count, who is at the head of the Polish legions which were organized in America, could go and murder the Ukrainians; our fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters in Eastern Galicia.

    4

    This shamefully horrible act to which Mr. Wilson agreed is being perpetrated even to the present day.

    Although Mr. Wilson and the Allies promised justice and independence for all subjected nations, Mr. Wilson was the first one who ruthlessly stepped upon and permitted the savage Polish bandits to murder the Ukrainian people, and pillage and plunder our Ukrainian land to the very utmost.

    We cannot keep silent! We cannot plead any longer!

    We, American-Ukrainians, have a full right not to ask, but to demand that the American Government right this wrong!

    Our hearts are cruelly wounded and bleeding, because of the injustice done us by ex-President Wilson.

    5

    And we believe that our present American Government with that worthy and just Chief Executive President Warren G. Harding, will turn greater attention toward our just cause, and see to it we are treated on the level with other Nations.

    Siege fellow-members! I, as a veteran of the American army, and your present Siege leader, call upon you: Let us be loyal to the United States of America as well as to our present American Government.

    I together with you feel a terrible heartache for the injustice perpetrated upon the Ukrainian nation, and it is our sacred duty to mourn and sympathize with our people and our dear subjected Mother-Ukrainia.

    I, from the very bottom of my heart, call upon you, and with a thundering voice command you: Wake up! Attention! Forward March!

    6

    All the Siege branches, as soon as possible should arrange conferences and meetings, and pass resolutions against the occupation of our Eastern Galicia by the Poles.

    Every Siege branch, without delay, must send a firm protest demanding the withdrawal of the Polish Pillaging soldiers and armed bandit police from Eastern Galicia, restoring her independence.

    Send your protest to President Harding, to the Senate, and the House of Representatives.

    We believe that the present American Government, with President Harding at its head will consider our cause just; they will understand their reciprocal obligation, their indebtedness toward us has yet to be paid us--the indebtedness to us that was incurred by the former government during the World War.

    7

    Otherwise our place is there, beyond the sea, where we must sacrifice our very lives for the cause of freedom and independence for Ukrainia.

    A great injustice is being perpetrated upon the Ukrainian nation; injustice that cries out to heaven for vengeance! During the World War, we honorably and honestly fulfilled our duties toward ...

    Ukrainian
    I C, I C, I F 5, III B 4, III D, III H, I G, I J, IV