The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Sichovi Visty -- July 13, 1918
    Short Review of the Sitch Organization in the United States

    [This applies to Chicago, the Sitch Center since 1920]

    Thanks to the Interim Sitch Committee, the first Sitch convention was called on November 11, 1916, in New York City, and from almost everywhere in the United States, delegates from Ukrainian organizations and associations rallied to establish the Ukrainian Sitch Organization in the United States.

    According to Sitch custom, the convention at that time elected the following Sitch officers: Head Commander, M. Rybak, Philadelphia, Pa.; Circuit Commander, V. Serbey, Allentown, Pa.; Assistant Circuit Commander, P. Zadoretsky, New York City; Secretaries, L. Stachursky, Jersey City, N. J.; V. Koval, Philadelphia, Pa.

    These officers were entrusted with leading the Sitch organization, and they publicly declared upon their honor that they would rather die than stray from or become lax in, the duties placed upon them. From the zeal and 2sincere determination of that sparkling youth, one could easily conclude that there was no power in the world which could stop them from their work in the Sitch field.

    With gladness and satisfaction, the delegates parted with full persuasion and firm faith that in the near future the Sitch bugle would blow, the strawberry-colored banner would be hoisted, hatchet and canes would flash, and simultaneously with this, our youth would wake up from their slumber to a better life, which will start its ant-like work in the Sitch field all over America.

    It has been almost two years since the Sitch organization was established. Just a few swore to be faithful to the Sitch cause. Yet, outside all the impediments on the part of our own and foreigners (for it is a known fact that Sitch organization does not appeal to everybody), the Sitch movement in America did not perish, but on the contrary, recently proved to be greater than ever.

    Up to the present time, the following independent Sitch athletic branches 3joined the main Sitch organization:

    No. 1. Sitch of B. Chmelnylsky, New York, N. Y.

    No. 2. Sitch of P. Doroshenko, Allentown, Pa.

    No. 3. Sitch of I. Mazepa, Jersey City, N. J.

    No. 4. Sitch of P. Polubotok, Philadelphia, Pa.

    No. 5. Sitch of P. Sahaydachny, Bridgeport, Conn.

    No. 6. Sitch of M. Pavlyk, Bayonne, N. J.

    No. 7. Sitch of M. Zaliznyak, Brooklyn. N. Y.

    No. 8. Sitch of Ivan Franko, Berwick, Pa.

    No. 9. Sitch of I. Samiylovich, Manchester, N. H.

    No. 10. Sitch of F. Sevchenko, Cohoes, N. Y.

    No. 11. Sitch of M. Drahomaniw, Ansonia, Pa.

    No. 12. Sitch of P. Mohyla, McIntyre, Pa.

    No. 13. Sitch of B. Chmelnytzky, Chicago, Ill.

    No. 14. Sitch of I. Gonta, New Britain, Conn.

    The Sitch officers entertain high hopes that with the publishing of the Sitch News, the first issue of which you now read, the Sitch movement will not only 4come back to life, but will be bettered and spread wherever the last spark of love for the native fatherland, Ukrainia, is not as yet extinguished. They further believe that the Sitch branches will support our work with all their might. It is on you that the future of our periodical depends, which will bring to your home a sincerely warm Sitch greeting.

    [This applies to Chicago, the Sitch Center since 1920] Thanks to the Interim Sitch Committee, the first Sitch convention was called on November 11, 1916, in New York City, and ...

    III B 2, III B 4
  • Sichovi Visty -- September 16, 1918
    Protocol of the Ukrainian Convention of the Siege Organization Officers in the United States

    [Note: This applies to Chicago, the Siege center since 1920]

    The convention of the Siege organization officers took place on Sunday, August 25, 1918, at 1 P.M., at the Ukrainian National Hall, 217-219 East 6th Street, New York, N. Y.

    Peter Zadoretsky opened the meeting with a short speech. John Boyko, from Bridgeport, was elected Siege organization officer in the United States; Korese, chairman of the meeting; and Alexander Hyssa, his secretary.

    W. Serbay, an officer of the organization, made a motion which was seconded, and the meeting decided that it be called an annual meeting. Carried.


    Then they took count of those present. Besides the officers, there were many guests, especially Siege members of New York. Reading of the minutes was followed by ardent discussion. Finally, they came to the conclusion that the officers of the Siege Organization did everything possible for the good of the organization in the United States, for which they were complimented.

    They also discussed the results of the Siege festival which took place on July 14, 1918. After a lively discussion, the matter was settled and it was proved that the Siege Organization did not have anything to do with the affair which took place between M. Sitchynsky and I. Dobryansky, and that the Siege Organization, and particularly the New York Branch which took charge of that festival, did not know anything about Mr. Hundiak's distributing rudely satirical handbills against Mr. Sitchynsky, or that the latter wanted to speak at the Siege festival. Consequently, all the 3gossip written in the National Will are without foundation.

    Then followed the business of the Siege News, and after a long discussion it was resolved, (1) that the Siege organ, the Siege News, continue, as at present, to be published once a month; (2) that the Siege newspaper shall not infringe upon any Ukrainian political party nor any of the benevolent societies; (3) that the Siege newspaper must take an impartial stand; (4) that the Siege newspaper's purpose is to propagate spiritual and physical culture among the Ukrainian people in America; (5) that the Siege newspaper has no right to insert and publish any propaganda whereby the Ukrainian people as a whole may be misled.

    Simultaneously it was resolved that the Siege News shall publish free of charge any advertisement of the branches of the Siege organization.


    Further, it was resolved that it is the duty of every branch of the Ukrainian Siege Organization to contribute ten dollars to the press fund; and further, that it is the duty of every Siege member of both sexes to read the Siege News and to get new subscribers. As a result, they elected an editorial committee, as follows: M. Diachyshyn, Editor; V. Vintoniak, treasurer; A. Hyssa, secretary.

    Taking advantage of this opportunity, they resolved that the General Siege Convention should take place on Labor Day, 1919, in the City of New York.

    Basil Serbay was elected head organizer of the Siege branches in the United States of America.

    The meeting having finished its outlined program, John Boyko called upon those present to contribute freely to the press fund, to which they answered with generous contributions.


    The meeting ended with the Siege hymn "Yonder on the mountain, the Siege is marching."

    Alexander Hyssa, secretary

    [Note: This applies to Chicago, the Siege center since 1920] The convention of the Siege organization officers took place on Sunday, August 25, 1918, at 1 P.M., at the Ukrainian ...

    III B 2, II B 2 d 1, III B 4, III H
  • Ukraina -- January 23, 1919
    To the Ukrainian Workingmen, Members, and Sympathizers of the Federation of Ukrainians in America

    Brother Ukrainians!

    As you all know it was resolved at the second Ukrainian congress in Washington, D. C., that the executives of the Federation of Ukrainians take under consideration the case of transferring the Chicago weekly, Ukraina, which is to become the organ of the Federation of Ukrainians in the United States.

    This resolution of the Congress is not yet carried out. We expect that the executives of the Federation will do everything in their power to take over the Ukraina and its property.

    Brother workingmen! You know very well that the Federation of Ukrainians was started a long time ago, and progressed slowly, not the way we should like to see it. The chief reason is that the Federation did 2not have its own paper that would stand for the interest of the Ukrainian workingmen in America.

    The newspaper Ukraina, issued in Chicago, though it was altogether an independent newspaper, never committed itself against the ideals that the Federation of Ukrainians had upheld, but always sided with it in a friendly way. Sometimes it had to raise a few questions which touched the Federation of Ukrainians in their voice of criticism on certain matters.

    Now, when Ukraina is to become the newspaper of the Federation of Ukrainians, it is the obligation not only of the members and sympathizers, but of every conscious workingman to spread and to back up the newspaper Ukraina.

    A good example was set in this direction by the shareholders of the Ukrainian Publishing Company in Chicago, owners of the newspaper Ukraina, 3who resolved to leave their shares with the Federation of Ukrainians if only the newspaper Ukraina would go to the Federation of Ukrainians.

    So you, too, Ukrainian workingmen, do your share for this cause!

    Order for yourselves the newspaper Ukraina and induce others to do this. Collect advertisements, give all kinds of printing work to the printing company of the Ukraina, sponsor concerts, dances, and other entertainments for the newspaper Ukraina.

    Thus we shall not only insure the existence of the needed Ukrainian newspaper for ourselves in these parts, but also we shall be able to effect the coming out of the Ukraina more often, and in the near future we shall find that our weekly Ukraina will become a daily paper.

    Through ardent work, and willingness, this will not be a hard thing to do. Let us keep under consideration that in Chicago alone there are a 4few thousand copies of Polish newspapers bought by the Ukrainian people.

    Surely, the Ukrainians would rather find out all the world news from their own Ukrainian daily than from our Polish enemy papers.

    When we reach this point we can boldly bring the Ukrainian cause as well as that of the Ukrainian workingmen's cause to equal our enemies, and go to fight for our beautiful national banner, for thee, our free Ukrainia! Long live and grow the Federation of Ukrainians in the United States! Long live and grow the newspaper Ukrainia.

    Yours for the cause,

    Elias Szkwarok.

    Brother Ukrainians! As you all know it was resolved at the second Ukrainian congress in Washington, D. C., that the executives of the Federation of Ukrainians take under consideration the ...

    II B 2 d 1, III B 4, I C, III B 2
  • Sichovi Visty -- May 25, 1924
    Order Given by the Siege Chief Executive in Matter of Speeches at Convention

    1. All communications with reference to the lectures and speeches to be given out at the convention are to be addressed to the office of the Chief executive: 2406 West Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois.

    2. Where there is no Siege branch and the people wish to have one, they choose a committee at their next gathering, which must be referred to the Committee of the nearest Siege district in the matter of sending their delegate to the Convention. For organization literature the request should be written directly to the General secretary, 2406 West Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois.

    3. Each communication concerning sending a speaker, must be sent in, at least thirty days before the Convention meeting.

    4. If a given Siege district wishes to have a special delegate sent from 2the Headquarters to any of their meetings, the district should send a full traveling coverage. Without this, the sending of a delegate to your meetings is impossible, as we cannot in this way expand our organization, which does not understand that a delegate should be paid for his work and other traveling expenses, at least as much as an average laborer.

    Chief Executive.

    1. All communications with reference to the lectures and speeches to be given out at the convention are to be addressed to the office of the Chief executive: 2406 West ...

    III B 4
  • Sichovi Visty -- June 10, 1924
    Resolutions of the Fifth Siege Convention Held in Philadelphia (By a Chicago Ukrainian Dr. Joseph Nazaruk)


    Concerning Reinforcement of the Siege Organization

    The Convention thinks that it is necessary to make some fundamental changes in order to reinforce the organization. One of the changes will be that the Chief Executive must appoint all the officers, with the exception of those whom he thinks ought to be elected by their respective District or Branch. In case of the death or the resignation of the Chief Executive, his assistant will take full charge of the Office. And in case the latter can not continue in the Office, he has the right to appoint an Interim Chief Executive, until the next referendum. The manner in which the Chief Executive is to be elected will depend upon the latest amended by-laws. This amendment is done according to the leading thoughts of the speech on the by-laws, at every Siege 2Convention, and according to the five articles in the Siege Organ, under the title: "Let us Build a Strong Siege." The Chief Executive is to hold the Office for three years. All the other officers are his subordinates, and they are either directly appointed, or approved by him. After the three years are over, he must call a convention, at which the delegates will either re-elect the old, or elect a new Chief Executive. The Convention must appraise and approve, or otherwise, the work of the Officers in power for the past three years.

    The Chief Executive once elected for three years, can be deposed only by a referendum, that is, by a general voting of every Siege member, and when two-thirds of all the Branches and within each Branch, two-thirds of the votes are against the Chief Executive, he is deposed. Should the Chief Executive be reluctant to arrange for such a referendum, upon a demand of two-thirds of the Branches, the assistant to the Chief Executive has the right to arrange for the referendum.

    N. B. After a conference of the lecturer with the Chief Executive, the former made a motion only to elect financial secretaries. Mr. Stephen 3Muryn of Chicago was elected the General Financial Secretary. The election of the local secretaries was left to the Districts and Branches respectively. Other officers must be left entirely for the approval of the Chief Executive, after such names are presented or submitted by the respective Districts or Branches. Until further notice by the Chief Executive, the present officers hold their respective positions.


    Organizational Affairs

    The Siege Convention considers only those people as enlightened, who steadily belong to one or more of the Ukrainian organizations, and who steadily carry some burden for the sake of their Ukrainian Nation in their state. All others are merely ethnographical material, who are either Little Russians, or Little Poles, who through their inertness, in case of fight, cannot be depended upon; but on the contrary, through their indifference they help the occupiers to hold the Ukrainian country and nation in bondage.


    Therefore, the Convention calls upon all Ukrainians to join the Ukrainian National Organizations and thoroughly fulfill the duties of the organizations, and at the same time train their children to do so.

    The Convention considers the Siege as the only organization which can unite all the Ukrainians, regardless of creed or political party, on the whole earth: in Europe, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and other parts of America as well as in Asia, and elsewhere. Therefore, the Convention appeals to all Ukrainians, in whatever part of the world they may be, to form clubs, groups, within the Siege organization, in every locality wherever there are ten or more Ukrainians to be found, and to see to it that they get in direct contact with the Siege Headquarters in Chicago, if they are in America, or with other Headquarters, if they are in any other part of the world.


    State Affairs

    The Siege Convention is positively and firmly for the Independent


    Ukrainian State, since the whole Ukrainian Country is at present occupied by foreign governments. (A nation can be considered as unoccupied only when its land has definite boundaries, independent of any foreign country; when it has its own Supreme Government with its army, treasury, and its offices filled by its own people.) Therefore, because the Ukrainian nation is lacking all this on its own soil, it is in a state of war with all its occupiers. Although at the present moment the Ukrainian Nation is conquered, no lawful representative of the Ukrainian land and country has signed a peace treaty with its occupiers.

    The Convention finds it necessary to create a Ukrainian State Center, outside its own country, where it can be free to establish the necessary Ukrainian institutions, organizations, and newspapers. Such a center should not have a committee, but one person; because wherever a committee rules, it usually leads only to deterioration of the national ideals. Committees should be created only as advisory bodies, which can take care of certain branches of general business.


    Individual members of those Committees should be responsible to the Chief Executive, who should have the right to accept their resignations, and appoint or approve new members, upon the request of the Ukrainian organizations in that particular country.

    The entire Ukrainian Nation should finance this Center, especially the American immigrants, with a regular National State tax collected monthly by all Ukrainian organizations.



    The Siege Convention recognizes the necessity of a united National State front in America and also ways and means that lead to this unity. In regard to this unification, the Convention admits that the general endeavors to attain it are so excellent that the Convention can add nothing for its betterment, except congratulations.

    With reference to the National tax collected by the Siege Branches, the


    Convention gives a free hand to every Branch whether they have to send it through their respective Siege District Office, or whether each Branch must send it separately and directly to the Headquarters in Chicago. Each District has the right to direct and instruct its own Branches as to what they have to do and how they must do it in this particular case.



    The Siege Convention considers it the duty of every Siege member to pay the National State tax regularly as had been established, to help the Old Country which is weltering in blood and suffering, and which is in dire need of the help for widows and orphans, for disabled invalids, as well as for the Ukrainian vernacular schools so terribly persecuted by the occupiers.


    Religious and Church Affairs


    The Convention considers religious and church quarrels among the Ukrainians, as well as every kind of disturbance against the churches, as throwing a bone of discontentment, and thus distracting the attention of the people from the organized struggle for its State independence. Therefore, every kind of a quarrel against churches or between churches are to be considered nothing else but a ruinous activity, which will only benefit the enemies of the Ukrainian Nation. Every nation, whose lands are occupied by its enemies, must preserve harmony among its people, otherwise a fight is impossible, and all its dissensions among its people are instigated all the more by its enemies, who thus profit by the internal quarrels of the nation.



    The Convention considers the press the chief medium of promulgation, propaganda, and firm establishment of the ideals of the organization. Therefore, the Convention has decided that from now on every Siege 9member must be a subscriber of the Siege organ. The nearest referendum must abolish subscribing to the paper and limit the monthly dues so that they will take care of the upkeep of the Siege Organization as well as the publication of its organ. The Convention approved of the work of the present editor, and also approved of his continuing in this position.


    The next Siege Convention is to be held three years from now in Detroit, Michigan.


    The Convention annuls all decrees prior to the by-laws of this Convention that are not in accord with its final decisions.

    I Concerning Reinforcement of the Siege Organization The Convention thinks that it is necessary to make some fundamental changes in order to reinforce the organization. One of the changes will ...

    III B 4, II B 2 d 1, II D 10, I A 1 a, III B 2, III E, III H, III C
  • Sichovi Visty -- August 15, 1924
    Siege Organization Reorganized with Chicago as Headquarters Explanations Repeated Strengthen the Organization

    The resolutions passed at the Fifth Siege Convention for a reorganization of the Siege organization require a more thorough explanation, because, until the present time, we did not have such fundamental changes in any of our organizations. Therefore, our people will find it difficult to become accustomed to such great changes. For this reason it is necessary, especially at the beginning, to explain the changes in the by-laws at every meeting, until all Siege members in general become accustomed to them. These explanations repeated many times, will strengthen the organization.

    Ruling Body Strengthened

    The most important change has been in the status of the Chief Executive; it has been unanimously strengthened. Does that mean that now he has 2become an absolute dictator of the organization? This is not so, he has only become its first real executive, particularly where the interest of the organization requires it. Already at the Convention, in the matter regarding financial secretaries, the Chief Executive agreed to their election, and the only thing he reserved for himself was his approval of them. There is a twofold benefit out of it: 1) The organization will have confidence in the financial secretaries elected and approved by him; 2) In case of necessity, the Chief Executive will have the power to immediately stop any disorder or irregularity and order a new election of them or of any other officer.

    The By-Laws of the Organization

    The by-laws, which will be prepared and placed before all the members for referendum, will give the rules of the organization to which even the Chief Executive will have to submit. Every officer will also have to comply with the by-laws, because he is the head of his own branch or detail, and therefore responsible for his charges.


    The strengthened power of the Chief Executive refers particularly to matters of the organization. In matters of general public interest, the Chief Executive will act according to the decisions of the whole Executive Staff, including the District Majors.

    The Chief Executive and His Officers

    According to the opinion of the Chief Executive, the purpose of the by-laws is that its authority in the whole Organization is to be the same as that of the Chief Executive, as well as that of the District Officers. This means that the Chief Executive is first among the Knights of the Round Table. The only difference being that the Chief Executive's activity is much larger, for it includes the whole Organization, and therefore, his authority is much greater.

    The Chief Executive has the right and privilege, when making appointments, of also cancelling or taking them away, in case the appointed persons do not fulfill their duties. This is a universal order. An officer can keep his commission only as long as he fulfills his obligations in accordance with the by-laws of his organization.


    District, Circuit, and Company Officers

    From now on, the organization as a whole will be represented by the Chief Executive; every District, Circuit, and Company will be represented by its head, or officer, according to the by-laws of the organization--no laxity there.

    All misunderstandings in the Companies will be settled by their Captains, after he has heard both sides of the stories. In case there is a misunderstanding in the District, the District Major will take care of that. The Chief Executive is the highest authority, of course, in any case that might arise in the organization.

    Obey Well if You Want to Command Well

    Thus reorganized, Siege shall flourish and grow, because its officers will really deserve respect from all the people, and this will be so because they will strive to be upright and hard workers. Let us not worry, the people will always highly respect upright and active officers, 5and thereby the Siege organization will be strengthened in its prestige and in every other way. The officer, who will snow subordination and discipline to his superiors, will surely command subordination from his inferiors, and general respect from the people. This is the way it always was, is, and shall be throughout the world.

    Successful Beginning Alone is Insufficient:

    Successful End Will be the Crown of our Work

    All the members of the Siege organization have the opportunity to witness and take part in the pioneer reorganization and strengthening of the cause for liberation of our Nation. Therefore, every honorable member and every honorable man in general, will support our work in every way possible now that it has been reorganized. Tactful and prudent officers should always listen to the ideas and thoughts of the most highly respected members, and good members should always respect their superiors and officers, even though their ideas may differ, or not coincide with the opinion of the masses. Thus we shall be able to build a great and powerful organization, which in turn will become an 6example of unity and discipline for the whole Ukrainian Nation. And thus training the whole Ukrainian Nation we shall reach our highest aim, the Independent Ukrainian State, which will take care of all Ukrainians irrespective of their creed or party.

    Therefore, in agreeable broad-mindedness, let us all support our organization, which has a great aim. This, which for us is just a trial, for other nations is already a reality. This gave them their strength. Let us, therefore, one and all see to it that our trial also becomes a reality.

    The resolutions passed at the Fifth Siege Convention for a reorganization of the Siege organization require a more thorough explanation, because, until the present time, we did not have such ...

    III B 4, III B 2, III E
  • Sitch -- August 12, 1933
    Ukrainian Catholic Youth Convention

    A throng, aged and weary, passes along a descending road. Day after day a few from this throng enter the yawning jaws of the world beyond, their tasks completed, while the duties of the others gradually come to their conclusion.

    Along another highway a new multitude moves uphill to a successfully-reached goal. This group is confident, cheerful, energetic, and capable in all the tasks it undertakes. These are the youths who walk with heads held high, with buoyant swinging steps, and with shining eyes gazing far into a bright future. Yet, a fear and sorrow grips us, for we see that this young group is not in one great body or unit but instead is steadily being separated as it marches along--a few constantly straying into bypaths from which they never return.

    This is what is happening to the young folk of Ukrainian blood, but we must not allow it, for their powers are too precious and valuable to be wasted upon 2countries and people who do not require their aid. It is our Ukraine which needs these youths, because of the fact that the older generation is steadily passing away.

    Therefore, it is necessary to centralize this young life lest it be forgotten that we are Ukrainians, and that a Ukrainian spirit must prevail among all. For this worthy cause a convention of Ukrainian-American and Ukrainian-Canadian Catholic youths has been called for August 19 of this year in Chicago. All organizations and clubs are requested to co-operate by sending delegates to represent their particular group. It is desired that all local groups organize into one great body and work together both now and in the future.

    In localities which have no youth organization, the committee of the convention asks that delegates be sent to represent the youth of each locality. The program of the convention has been printed in preceding publications, but if anyone seeks information concerning the convention or desires to volunteer his services, whether by lecturing, participating in the oratorical contest, or 3offering suggestions, it is suggested that he write to the committee of the convention, U.-A. & U.-C. C. Y. C. [Ukrainian-American and Ukrainian-Canadian Catholic Youth Convention], 2238 West Rice Street, Chicago, Illinois.

    A throng, aged and weary, passes along a descending road. Day after day a few from this throng enter the yawning jaws of the world beyond, their tasks completed, while ...

  • Sichovi Visty -- [Unknown date]
    General Sitch Convention

    The Sitch staff of the Chicago headquarters took a most active part during the entire Sitch Convention, held May 28-30, 1922, in the assembly hall of the Ukrainian National Home, in Cleveland.

    The chief executive, Dr. Stephen K. Hrynevetsky, opened the convention and greeted the delegates on Sunday morning with a sincere, yet terse speech.

    First, he called upon the comptrollers' committee to verify and check the financial status of the Sitch Organization since the last convention held in Pittsburgh. Due to the fact that only one of the comptrollers was present at the convention, the delegates elected two other members to take their places. The chief executive then called upon the delegates to elect temporary officers to conduct the meetings of the convention. John Voytsitsky, Cleveland, elected temporary chairman; A. Stangrytchuk, Cleveland, and Joseph Potochny, Youngstown, Ohio, secretaries.


    The members of the by-laws' committee were John Barabash, Chicago; Jos. Yavorsky, Chicago; and A. Chreshchensky, Centralia, Pa. The election of the complaint committee then followed.

    S. Svobodyan made a motion and it was seconded that an account be given about P. Novodvorsky, former chief executive, and his leadership of the organization for a year and a half.

    After a short discussion, Dr. S. K. Hrynevetsky made a motion to adjourn any further discussion until the afternoon. In the meantime, all the delegates marched in formation to church, where a solemn blessing of a Ukrainian flag by Rev. Tarnavsky took place.

    Afternoon Session

    The afternoon session began at 3:15. Letters of P. Novodvorsky were read, wherein he congratulated the convention and at the same time explained why 3he could not attend. His excuses were accepted. This was followed by reading letters and telegrams of congratulations.

    A short discussion as to whether or not the executive staff has the right to vote then took place. It was decided that on questions about the Organization proper, the officers may vote, but on questions that arise about themselves, they cannot vote. The committee of verifications then made known their findings and accounted for such.

    Outstanding Delegates:

    Stephen Svobodian, Philadelphia, delegate from 4, 34, 45 branches; P. Nayda, Philadelphia, 7, 11, 43 branches; P. Furdela, Frankfort, Pa., 9, 10, 25 branches; A. Chreshcheny, Centralia, Pa., 6 branch; Joseph Yavorsky, Chicago, 15 and 14 branches; S. Chorny, Chicago, 13 branch; John Barabash, Chicago, of band detachment, 12 branch; Joseph Potochny, Youngstown, Ohio, 36 branch; J. Denega, Lakewood, Ohio, 40 branch; A. Stangrychuk and M. Fesnak, Cleveland, 39 branch.


    At 6:30 P. M. discussions of the first day ended. Comptrollers continued their work after supper, while other delegates attended a Sitch concert given in their honor by Branch No. 39.

    Second Day Session

    The real convention started on the second day, May 29, at 8:30 A. M. Dr. Stephen K. Hrynevetsky made a motion to read and pass necessary decisions on amendments to the by-laws. The motion was not favorably met with, so they passed on to the accounts to be given by the Executive Staff.

    Dr. S. K. Hrynevetsky, as chief executive, was the first to give his account. He explained why he had accepted his present office, namely: The American federal government began to cause difficulties to the Sitch Organization, and because it is chartered it must have a president. Therefore, since the vice-president was out of Chicago, Dr. Hrynevetsky agreed to accept the office of the chief executive. Then followed the accounts of other members of the 5executive staff and the committee of comptrollers. The convention later adjourned for lunch.

    During the afternoon session Stephen Musiychuk, general recording secretary, gave his account. Discussion on all accounts just presented followed this. Later Dr. S. K. Hrynevetsky was thanked and congratulated on the splendid work he has done for the organization. By a motion of Mr. Kotsiuk, which was seconded, the delegates agreed by a vote of confidence to accept everything done and accounted for by the executive staff as correct.

    Next followed the reading and amending of the by-laws. Due to the fact that it was already one o'clock in the morning, the delegates decided to appoint a few who were to stay a little longer, make the necessary corrections themselves, and read them in the morning to all.

    Third Day Session


    On May 30, at 8:30 A. M., more telegrams and letters of congratulations were read.

    Stephen Musiychuk read all the corrections of the by-laws which were unanimously accepted by the delegates.

    Motions and Discussions

    Dr. S. K. Hrynevetsky read the contract of the Sitch press that was recently bought. Since the Sitch press is the sole property of the Sitch Organization, should the headquarters of the central executive staff ever be moved from Chicago, the press would also have to be moved to the same location. All those present agreed upon this and, at the same time, they decided and sent letters of thanks to Messrs. A. and J. Bulkas and Michael Yavorsky, former owners of the Sitch press, who they had also made honorary members of the Sitch Organization.


    It was decided that for the time being the executive staff will be held responsible for the publishing of the Sitch News, later on the responsibility will be shifted to the editor. The editor must obey orders of the local executive staff of the Sitch organization.

    It was further decided that the Sitch News be published once a month in the form and size of the last five issues. Cuts and pictures are not to be inserted in the publication for the time being, as they increase the cost of printing.

    M. Kotsiuk made a motion and it was seconded that every Sitch member must be a subscriber to the Sitch News.

    It was also passed that the recording secretary would receive a salary of ten dollars and the financial secretary five dollars per month.

    P. Nayda made a motion and it was seconded that the chief executive's office 8notify the district majors in all important matters, the latter their subordinates, and these in turn members of their respective branches. This motion was passed in order to alleviate the work of the recording secretary.

    A motion was made and seconded that the money intended for Sitch propaganda, both here and abroad, be used for this and no other purpose.

    The Poles, as usual, tried to injure the Sitch Organization, this time they sent federal detectives to the headquarters to investigate the doings of the organization. The detectives, of course, found everything being conducted legally and loyally to the American flag. However, the Sitch propaganda fund was changed by the convention to the Sitch Fund.

    Regarding monthly dues the convention also passed that monthly dues of fifteen cents, which must be paid by every member, should be divided into three parts: ten cents for administration; two and one-half cents for the 9permanent fund; and two and one-half cents to the convention expenses fund.

    It was moved and seconded that in the future, every branch be called a company, and its head a captain.

    The chief executive, every three months, must initiate and transmit passwords to district majors and they in turn down the line. The members are to be instructed not to talk over Sitch business on every street and alley.

    The convention decided to send letters of congratulations and greetings to Dr. Eugene Petrushevich, President of the Western Ukrainian Republic, to the Sitch ex-soldiers in Czecho-Slovakia, and to the Ukrainian military organization in Vienna.

    Michael Kotsiuk made a motion which was seconded that contributions should be collected for the Sitch ex-soldiers and the money thus collected in each Sitch 10district should be sent to the Sitch headquarters in Chicago.

    Every Sitch member will be forbidden to collect money for the above purpose under a fictitious name.

    Before lunch the convention passed its final resolution pardoning and forgiving all the mistakes committed by its former chief executive P. Novodvorsky, and decided to avoid him in the future.

    The Last Afternoon Session

    This session began at 2 P. M. The minutes of the convention for the past two and a-half days were read.

    Joseph Yavorsky moved that the headquarters of the chief executive remain in Chicago, but M. Fesnak was for Cleveland or Pittsburgh. The outcome was in favor of Joseph Yavorsky, for it was decided that Chicago should continue to 11be the center of the Organization.

    They also decided that in two years the convention will be held in Philadelphia. The officers to attend that coming convention were granted approximately seventy dollars for traveling expenses.

    The Sitch staff of the Chicago headquarters took a most active part during the entire Sitch Convention, held May 28-30, 1922, in the assembly hall of the Ukrainian National Home, ...

    III B 4, I C, II B 2 d 1, III B 2, II D 10, III H, I C
  • Sichovi Visty -- [Unknown date]
    Elections at the Siege Organization

    It was decided at the Siege Convention held in Cleveland during the last three days of May, that the Siege organization headquarters should continue to be in Chicago. Therefore, to facilitate the work, the executive staff of the headquarters was elected from the Ukrainian-American citizens of Chicago who belong to the Siege organization.

    According to the amendment of the by-laws, they first elected officers of and for the respective districts, namely: Michael Kotsiuk, major of the first district; Dr. Stephen K. Hrynevetsky, major of the second district; John Voytsitsky, major of the third district.

    Because of the fact that both the second district and the Siege headquarters are in Chicago, Dr. S. K. Hrynevetsky became the head major or chief executive of the Siege organization.


    Then followed the election of the general recording secretary. At this point all members present unanimously agreed that all the executive members of last year remain the same. S. Musiychuk, however, stated that he could not accept the office due to the fact that he is exhausted, because of the heavy work cast upon his shoulders for the past two years.

    Dr. Hrynevetsky, chief executive made a motion and Mr. M. Kotsiuk seconded it that Mr. Musiychuk accept for this year the managership of the Siege News, as well as the office of the general secretary of the organization for which he is to receive a steady weekly salary sufficient for the upkeep of himself and his family. All unanimously agreed. All subsequent resignations of Musiychuk were rejected and thus, without a single opposition on the part of the electors, he was elected manager of the Siege press and recording secretary of the organization.


    Nicholas Pashko also stated firmly that it would be impossible for him to accept the office of financial secretary; therefore, Michael Sarabun was elected in his stead.

    John Shkraba was re-elected general cashier.

    The Comptrolling Committee includes all the district majors, whose travelling expenses to the headquarters are paid by the general financial secretary. The elected officers each gave a very short speech of thanks for the confidence the electors had in them.

    The Convention also decided that every district should have at least one picnic every year.

    Then followed the general swearing in of the newly elected officers, whereupon the convention came to an end.

    The last short speech was a culminating point at which a unanimous 4resolution was made by all the delegates present to work and do everything in their power to make the Siege Organization a success, which in turn will help to free Mother Ukrainia from the Polish yoke.

    As a grand finale three national anthems were sung: "Ukrainia Still Lives"; "No Longer Shall We Serve"; "There on the Yonder Hill Siege Marches."

    Anthony Stangrytchuk, Joseph Potochny, secretaries of Conventions.

    It was decided at the Siege Convention held in Cleveland during the last three days of May, that the Siege organization headquarters should continue to be in Chicago. Therefore, to ...

    III B 4, II B 1 a, III B 2
  • Sichovi Visty -- [Unknown date]
    We Cannot Keep Silent Any Longer By Mr. Paul Novodvorsky, a Ukrainian-Chicagoan

    A great injustice is being perpetrated upon the Ukrainian nation; injustice that cries out to heaven for vengeance!

    During the World War, we honorably and honestly fulfilled our duties toward our American Government.

    We gave the American Government everything we could to help America win in the World War.

    We spent large sums of money, which we earned by the sweat of our brow, in purchasing the American Liberty Bonds.

    At the call to the colors by the American Government, thousands of Ukrainians 2joined the United States Army, and shoulder-to-shoulder we fought and shed our blood, helping America to gain victory, glory, and power.

    And What an Irony of Life!

    The ex-President, Mr. Woodrow Wilson, in the name of the Allies and of the American Government, solemnly declared that we should go beyond the sea to destroy the aggressive robbers and imperialistic militarism, and win independence for all subjected nations.

    Ex-President Wilson, in the name of the American Government, in the name of the American Nation, solemnly declared before the whole world that we would fight for justice, and that all the subjected nations will get their freedom and independence.

    We sincerely believed that ex-President Wilson meant what he said and would 3show himself actually a great and just man. We trusted that when he spoke in the name of the whole American People, that he would fulfill all his promises to the letter.

    We trusted that at the Peace Conference in Paris, the then President Wilson would defend the rights of the Ukrainian subjected territory in Eastern Galicia.

    But Mr. Wilson shamelessly did not keep his promise to us. For our honest-to-goodness loyalty and our great sacrifices, given during the World War, in the name of and for justice, he paid us back with terrible injustice. In an understanding with the Allies, he, in the name of the American Government, agreed that the bloody charlatan Haller, the Polish count, who is at the head of the Polish legions which were organized in America, could go and murder the Ukrainians; our fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters in Eastern Galicia.


    This shamefully horrible act to which Mr. Wilson agreed is being perpetrated even to the present day.

    Although Mr. Wilson and the Allies promised justice and independence for all subjected nations, Mr. Wilson was the first one who ruthlessly stepped upon and permitted the savage Polish bandits to murder the Ukrainian people, and pillage and plunder our Ukrainian land to the very utmost.

    We cannot keep silent! We cannot plead any longer!

    We, American-Ukrainians, have a full right not to ask, but to demand that the American Government right this wrong!

    Our hearts are cruelly wounded and bleeding, because of the injustice done us by ex-President Wilson.


    And we believe that our present American Government with that worthy and just Chief Executive President Warren G. Harding, will turn greater attention toward our just cause, and see to it we are treated on the level with other Nations.

    Siege fellow-members! I, as a veteran of the American army, and your present Siege leader, call upon you: Let us be loyal to the United States of America as well as to our present American Government.

    I together with you feel a terrible heartache for the injustice perpetrated upon the Ukrainian nation, and it is our sacred duty to mourn and sympathize with our people and our dear subjected Mother-Ukrainia.

    I, from the very bottom of my heart, call upon you, and with a thundering voice command you: Wake up! Attention! Forward March!


    All the Siege branches, as soon as possible should arrange conferences and meetings, and pass resolutions against the occupation of our Eastern Galicia by the Poles.

    Every Siege branch, without delay, must send a firm protest demanding the withdrawal of the Polish Pillaging soldiers and armed bandit police from Eastern Galicia, restoring her independence.

    Send your protest to President Harding, to the Senate, and the House of Representatives.

    We believe that the present American Government, with President Harding at its head will consider our cause just; they will understand their reciprocal obligation, their indebtedness toward us has yet to be paid us--the indebtedness to us that was incurred by the former government during the World War.


    Otherwise our place is there, beyond the sea, where we must sacrifice our very lives for the cause of freedom and independence for Ukrainia.

    A great injustice is being perpetrated upon the Ukrainian nation; injustice that cries out to heaven for vengeance! During the World War, we honorably and honestly fulfilled our duties toward ...

    I C, I C, I F 5, III B 4, III D, III H, I G, I J, IV