The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Ukraina -- May 31, 1919
    The Cause of Helping Ukrainia

    Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich received the following letter from the Headquarters of the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C.

    Dear Sir:

    On May 19th, we received a telegram from you containing a resolution of the Mass Meeting of Americans of Ukrainian origin, held in Chicago.

    Our information in regard to Ukrainia has been rather unsatisfactory to date, owing to the fact that the present military situation does not make it possible for relief to be carried to that country for an organization such as the American Red Cross. However, as you probably know, the situation in Europe changes constantly. Here in Washington, we cannot hope to keep in touch with these shifting conditions, and consequently have organized a Commission for Europe which keeps in intimate touch with all European affairs and instigates relief work in various localities.

    As a result of your telegram, we have forwarded your resolution to our Commissioner for Europe, asking at the time that when possible he send us information in regard 2to what the Red Cross could do for Ukrainia. On receipt of an answer from him, I will be glad to get in touch with you.

    Very truly yours,

    Philip L. Ross, Assistant to the Vice-Chairman.

    Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich received the following letter from the Headquarters of the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C. Dear Sir: On May 19th, we received a telegram from you containing ...

    III B 1, I G, II D 10, III H
  • Ukraina -- November 01, 1919
    Meeting of the Ukrainian Red Cross in Cicero, Ill (Summary)

    On the 26th of October a meeting of the Ukrainian Red Cross was called. There and then they elected local officers, and at that time they collected $35.95 for the Red Cross.

    On the 26th of October a meeting of the Ukrainian Red Cross was called. There and then they elected local officers, and at that time they collected $35.95 for the ...

    I G, II D 10
  • Ukraina -- November 01, 1919
    Report of the Meeting at the South Side of Chicago

    Among the Ukrainian workmen in the South Side of Chicago the Polish agents started a movement, recruiting as great a number of Ukrainians as they possibly could for the purpose of inducing them to take out Polish passports at their consulate, and leave for the old country. To counteract the evil, we wish to explain to our people at this meeting what danger each one of them runs into.

    At that meeting of October 12, 1919, there were about 250 present, including men and women. It was opened by Mr. P. Kavatsiw. In a few words he explained to those that were gathered the purpose of the meeting, and asked them to nominate a candidate for chairman of the meeting.

    Mr. N. Moranets was unanimously elected the chairman, and Mr. Yaroslaw Skrotsky, secretary.

    The former thanked those that were present for the election, and once more 2told them of the purpose of the meeting. He expressed a deep sympathy for the Ukrainian brothers and sisters badly maltreated by the Poles in the old country, and denounced those few who do not consider the Polish yoke and atrocities as an ulcer in the very heart of every Ukrainian, who are being extremely heavily taxed even to the last penny that is verily earned with the sweat of their brows.

    Further, he requested of all to break off every association with the Poles, our treacherous enemies, and never listen to their advice, for their aim is to injure and not to help us.

    Mr. Peter Didyk was the next speaker. In his fiery and emotional speech he picturesquely portrayed the unbearable living conditions of our brothers and sisters in our depressed fatherland. The Ukrainians over there are ready any minute to lay down their lives for the defense of our fatherland. Yet, we, instead of helping them in their honest efforts, go to any Polack, our cursed enemy to take advice from him on how to counteract their destructive activity. Now reason this out with me: "Could 3there be any greater crime a Ukrainian could commit than to go to the Polish consul, take out a passport there, and swear that he is ready every minute to join their legion, and thus go and murder the enemies of mother Poland? Murder his brothers and sisters, nay, even his very father and mother, should they still be living in the wilderness without a place to lay their heads.

    "Brother," continued Mr. Didyk, "your father and mother are living there in caves. Who has driven them in there but the Polish knout? Have you enough conscience to give away your money, earned with the sweat of your brow, to the Pole, and thus provide for him the means to procure a stronger knout with which he will drive your father and mother deeper into the cave, whence they shall never be able to see God's world, and themselves occupy their cozy homes, making themselves comfortable in their feather-quill beds?

    You send clothing and footwear through the Polish agents who, instead of sending them to your wife, children or parents, are distributing them among those Polish bums who stand with knouts at the entrance of the caves in 4which your most beloved dwell, lest perchance they may show their heads out of the cave, their unavoidable grave, and thus in the meantime other nations may notice the horrible Polish culture."

    Then the speaker was trying to inspire one and all to join the Siege ranks, and if need be to be ready to stand shoulder to shoulder, and with their own lives protect and defend the Ukrainian land against the Polish captivity.

    Once more he called all to unity and unanimity, and to know and understand the hostile work of the Polish agents against us. A thundering ovation was given him at the end of his speech.

    Mr. Peter Kavatsiw was the next speaker. In his speech he pictured the life of the forefathers of Ukrainia, and compared it with the present captivity in which our Ukrainian brothers suffer under the Polish and Russian governments.


    Now Mr. Yaroslaw Skrotsky read and explained to those present all sorts of information with reference to sending out money and parcels to the old country. This information was issued by the Ukrainian Exchange Bureau of Chicago, wherein those Ukrainians are employed who are well known for their merits and work in the national field.

    Lastly Mrs. Mary Bilyk spoke on behalf of the Ukrainian Red Cross. She moved all those present to tears, who contributed $86.30 for widows and orphans in the old country. She also invited those gathered for the following Sunday, Nov. 19, for a special meeting of the Ukrainian Red Cross.

    As before, so on November 19, there was a great number of men and women present. After hearing the speeches of Mrs. Mary Bilyk, Harry Kryvovyaz, and Yaroslaw Skrotsky, they understood better the object of the Ukrainian Red Cross, and without any encouragement on the part of the speakers, they contributed $22.55, which makes with the former collection $108.85.


    The chairman thanked those present for listening attentively and for supporting the Ukrainian cause.

    The meeting ended with the national anthems, "Ukrainia is already arisen," and "We, Knights."

    All left the hall with a resolution to contribute materially to the cause and fight even to the giving up of one's life, if need be, until that time when the Ukraine shall be a free and independent state.

    Yaroslaw Skotsky

    Secretary of the Meeting.

    Among the Ukrainian workmen in the South Side of Chicago the Polish agents started a movement, recruiting as great a number of Ukrainians as they possibly could for the purpose ...

    III H, I G, I C, II D 10
  • Ukraina -- November 22, 1919
    The Representatives of the Ukrainian National Republic Among the Ukrainians in Chicago

    Sunday, Nov. 16, the Ukrainians in Chicago and vicinity had an unusual honor, to welcome among themselves the representatives of the Ukrainian National Republic, namely, Julian Bachynsky, head of the Ukrainian extraordinary diplomatic mission to the United States, and Mr. Kozakivich, his secretary.

    The greeting of the dear guests took place in the national hall at Oakley Blvd. and Rice St., during the extraordinary meeting of the Ukrainian delegates of all the Ukrainian societies in Chicago and vicinity, witnessed by an audience of several hundred people.

    Dr. Vladimir Siminovich was chairman of the meeting; M. Ftomin and H. Kisil were secretaries.


    At 2 P. M. Dr. Julian Bachynsky and his secretary, Mr. Kozakivich, appeared at the meeting, being welcomed by a thundering ovation of those present.

    In the name of the meeting and the whole Ukrainian colony in the city of Chicago and vicinity, Dr. Siminovich cordially greeted the legation of the Ukrainian Republic. To this Dr. Bachynsky answered with a speech to the meeting that was actually flowing from the heart.

    Having explained to the meeting that the main object of the arrival of Ukrainian diplomatic mission to America was to gain recognition of the Ukrainian Independent Republic by the United States Government, Dr. Bachynsky pointed out the manner and the way whereby the Ukrainian immigration in the United States has the possibility and the duty to help the Ukrainian state mission to attain their main object.


    "The Ukrainian immigration in America," said Dr. Bachynsky, "is almost in its entirety of a working class character, which is a deciding factor in its organizations, struggling for a decent living wages. This characteristic of our immigrants in America, once farmers and laborers in the old country, who are earning their daily bread with their hands, is the reason why the Ukrainian immigration on this side of the ocean with such enthusiasm greeted the Ukrainian National Republic in the Ukrainian native land; an independent state of the Ukrainian farmers and laborers in particular.

    "This almost uniform characteristic of the Ukrainian immigration in America shows that all its groups are in their very essence alike, not antagonistic, and as such should go in one direction, especially in the affairs wherein the welfare and the future of the Ukrainian nation, of the Ukrainian democratic state and its independence is concerned. The leaders of the several independent groups ought to bear this well in mind.


    "The Ukrainian State mission," continued Dr. Bachynsky, "does not meddle nor does it intend to interfere with the interior affairs of each group among the Ukrainian immigration.

    "The mission treats all the groups alike as individuals working for the general welfare of the Ukrainian cause, and suggests only, and wishes from its very heart that the scale of activity of every group be raised to the utmost of its capacity in order to help the native nation and land to realize its wishes, sincerity and zeal, with which the Ukrainian immigrant is enthused for the common cause of ours.

    "As in Ukrainia, all the loyal sons of hers, regardless of their political tendency, joined one common front to defend and safeguard the liberty and freedom of Ukrainia, so also it is the duty of the Ukrainian immigration on this side of the ocean, unanimously to stand together and with its power second the motion and thus support our brothers in the native land.


    "Contention and ambition of the individual groups can find its expression only in the field of zealous activity for the good of the nation."

    Further, the speaker suggested the ways by which the beyond-the-sea immigration can assist Ukrainia.

    In the first place this is a matter of a political activity and propaganda of the Ukrainian immigrants in favor of the independence of the Ukrainian National Republic.

    Starting with shops and factories where the Ukrainian workingman meets the Americans, and going up to the highest legislative and executive bodies of the American Federal institutions, the Ukrainian immigrants have the opportunity of carrying on a propaganda in favor of our most justified Ukrainian cause.


    The American citizens, the American public opinion, the decisive American legislative, and other official bodies must be informed in every possible way by the Ukrainian immigration in America about the just struggle of the Ukrainian nation for its freedom and state independence, and thus help the free and independent Ukrainia to earn the approval and acknowledgment of the greatest republic in the world, the United States of America.

    Every judicious activity on the part of the Ukrainian immigration aimed in that direction will aid our endeavor considerably.

    This work of the Ukrainian immigration in America, in many instances, already has taken up in that direction an organized form of activity with the assistance of the Ukrainian press and the information bureaus.

    It is understood, however, that the activity of the official Ukrainian mission in the United States has entirely to travel by independent roads.


    The second great duty of our beyond-the-sea immigration is to help materially the pillaged and destroyed native country during the World War, and especially that part of the country which suffered the most, namely, Eastern Galicia.

    In this field this immigration can and ought to help very much the native country.

    Contributions and the sending out to the old country of suits of clothes, linen, shoes, and other materials, and funds by the Ukrainian immigrants in America will alleviate the horrible misery among the relatives in our native country.

    The whole Ukrainian (Eastern) Galicia groans not only from starvation and cold, but also from the dreadful epidemic diseases.


    For the money collected in America it will be possible to organize medical help and hospital assistance; to buy medicine for the sick and bread for the hungry.

    A material help on the part of the beyond-the-sea emigration to the native land is at the present time of the most vital importance.

    Therefore, with greatest joy the speaker did welcome the thought of establishing a Ukrainian Relief Committee among the immigrants of ours to help the native land. This had been proposed already and unanimously decided upon by the delegates of all the Ukrainian organizations in America that met in New York to make this a reality as soon as possible.

    The aim of the activity of the Ukrainian Relief Committee is of an immense importance and of common interest to all the Ukrainian immigrants. Therefore, the proposed work of the Committee ought to reconcile to themselves 9the Ukrainian totality both in the United States and Canada. Only with united energy and effort of all the United States citizens of Ukrainian descent, who are the only source of help for our suffering brothers, the old country can receive such material help as is necessary at the present extraordinary critical moment to eliminate the heretofore unheard of suffering as much as possible.

    The third point of Dr. Bachysky's speech was about preparing the emigrants to serve the native country as useful Ukrainian citizens in the event they go back there.

    Many emigrants in America and Canada with time will return to the native land. Ukrainia entertains high hopes of her sons living abroad. Ukrainia will welcome them with sincere, open arms as experienced and well prepared builders of the new Ukrainian Republic and of the independent Ukranian national life.


    The sons of Ukrainia, who because of the long period of war, though many of them wounded, in great sufferings and scarcity, lifted up the risen Ukrainia and defended her freedom and independence, but they are too much exhausted to undertake the creative and reconstructive work by themselves. They need our help, our fresh unused energy. This supply of new energy will come from our beyond-the-sea emigration.

    For the Ukrainian emigrants abroad, in the first place the youth, awaits a great task in the independent Ukrainia. They are to continue the life in freedom through channels of creative work.

    Therefore, the Ukrainian youth abroad, of both sexes, ought to prepare itself here accordingly for that one great task.

    Should they return to Ukrainia, they ought to be armed with sincerity, enlightenment, and stand as fearless defenders of the Ukrainian liberty.


    They ought to return with the greatest possible resources of human skill and professional knowledge.

    Thus, in the old country, they will become leaders and teachers of their brothers, who lived all their lives in their native land, in those things which they had a chance to learn in the wide world.

    Therefore, an organization of the Ukrainian youth among the beyond-the-sea emigration, whose concrete object is love of and attachment to the independent Ukrainia, to work for intellectual uplifting and professional learning of the members, is exactly the best sign that the Ukrainian immigrants of the United States and Canada understand well their future duty toward their own nation and their native land.

    The speaker sincerely welcomes the Siege brotherhood in the United States 12who inscribed on its banner an uplifting, yet true, slogan "in union and learning lies the strength of the nation."

    Under this slogan the sons of Ukrainia are shedding their blood for the freedom of Ukrainia. Under this slogan the Siege brothers from beyond-the-sea in an opportune time, will stand shoulder to shoulder to active work for common good.

    A storm of a long-lasting ovation was the reward of the envoy, Julian Bachynsky, for his speech.

    With the speech of Dr. Bachynsky ended the official appearance of the Ukrainian mission before the Ukrainian colony of Chicago.

    Then followed a discussion of the delegates of the associations in the presence of the envoys of the mission.


    The following took part in the discussions: H. Kysil, Novodvorsky, Dr. Siminovich, Moranets, Kryvovyaz, Rev. N. Strutynsky, Didyk, Boychuk, Dr. Hrynevetsky.

    The discussion was carried mainly on the ways of organizing a speedy material help to the native country.

    As a consequence the meeting unanimously passed a resolution demanding of all the central organizations, whose delegates took part in the common conference in New York, under the leadership of the head of the Ukrainian diplomatic mission, to introduce and establish as soon as possible a Relief Committee for the purpose of helping the native country on the basis that had been decided upon by the delegates of the Ukrainian organizations at the New York conference.


    It was delegated also to the Ukrainian Red Cross in Chicago, as a local branch of the future Relief Committee, to start out its activity in Chicago and vicinity as soon as possible.

    The treasurer of the Chicago Committee is Dr. Siminovich who, simultaneously with the activity in Chicago and vicinity, undertook to organize another Relief Committee in Canada, where he is invited by the Canadian Ukrainian organizations and will leave for Canada in the nearest future.

    Immediately after the meeting they started the relief collection, which will be carried out systematically within all the societies, and at every opportune time till the end of the relief collection campaign.

    Dr. Bachynsky, the envoy, made a good start by contributing $100 to the relief fund.


    The collection among the Oakley group was postponed till the next Sunday, due to the fact that the meeting was coming to a close.

    To begin with $340.30 was collected on the very first day.

    Dr. V. Siminovich, in the name of all the Ukrainians present, thanked the envoys of the Ukrainian mission for their coming to Chicago. The meeting ended with the national anthem, "Already Ukrainia has risen."

    Sunday, Nov. 16, the Ukrainians in Chicago and vicinity had an unusual honor, to welcome among themselves the representatives of the Ukrainian National Republic, namely, Julian Bachynsky, head of the ...

    III H, II D 10, I G
  • Sichovi Visty -- March 15, 1922
    Chicago Siege Branch No. 15 Helps Ukrainian Ex-Soldiers

    For singing Christmas carols, Bohdan Chmelnitsky Siege Branch No. 15, Chicago, Illinois collected $387.11, the Children's branch organized by and collateral with Branch No. 15 collected $100 and the boy's branch also gathered $100. This made a total of $587.11. To this, Mr. N. Navrotsky, financial secretary, added from the general Siege account $7.89 which made a grand total of $600. This sum, Dr. S.K. Hrynevetsky, chief executive of the Siege organization, sent to Dr. Smallstotsky for the Ukrainian ex-soldiers, definitely stating that the sum came exclusively from Bohdan Chmelnitsky Siege Branch No. 15, Chicago, Ill.

    For singing Christmas carols, Bohdan Chmelnitsky Siege Branch No. 15, Chicago, Illinois collected $387.11, the Children's branch organized by and collateral with Branch No. 15 collected $100 and the boy's ...

    II D 10, II B 1 a, III B 2, III E
  • Sichovi Visty -- March 17, 1922
    Letter of Acknowledgment to the Chief Executive's Office of the Siege Organization, Chicago

    I am sure that you must have received by now my letter of acknowledgment and thanks to you for the substantial donation of six hundred dollars for the unfortunate ex-soldiers, whom ill fate has cast out of their own native country, for which they fought.

    This, your good will donation, is constantly before my eyes, because it shows the actual fact that for the past few years how steadily you have felt an increasing sense of responsibility toward the nation as a whole. It is high time I let the world know of your noble activities, especially from the time your great Siege organization so widely developed pro-national tendencies. This activity not only woke up the old from inertia, but also the women, and even the youth became tireless workers in the direction of the national organizations. They do not spare either spiritual, moral, or physical support, in full awareness of the fact that only in this way 2the Ukrainian nation will win its independence and free its native land from under the yoke of the enemy.

    My words can hardly express to you my joy in learning from your letter, wherein the donation of six hundred dollars was enclosed for our unfortunate brothers, whom ill fate has cast out of their native land to foreign lands, that this sum was collected by B. Chmelnitsky Siege Branch No. 15 alone, including its two collateral groups of older women and the youth. When our youth is already so filled with firely love toward their misfortunate brothers that they are ready to give them aid and help to defend their people and their native land then our faith becomes far greater for a better and brighter future for our Ukrainian people and thereby we are much stronger and closer to the goal of freeing our nation from under the enemy's yoke.

    Hail to your glorious youth! Their youthful zeal inspires us and those whose faith after a long struggle in fighting for freedom may have weakened 3somewhat. Your youth wakes up the sleepy and commands them: "Unite into one national front and with greater determination against the cursed enemy."

    May these, my words, come as a further inspiration and guidance to your glorious youth to continue its splendid work through which it will win the favor and thanks of all Ukrainian people. Of course, my former letters of thanks to you also include your organized youth.

    Your humble servant,

    Dr. Small - Stotsky.

    I am sure that you must have received by now my letter of acknowledgment and thanks to you for the substantial donation of six hundred dollars for the unfortunate ex-soldiers, ...

    II D 10, III B 2, III E
  • Sichovi Visty -- May 17, 1922
    Letter of Thanks and Further Appeal to Central Executive Office of the Siege Organization Chicago, Ill

    We beg to inform the honorable Executive Office that on April 15, 1922, we sent to you a statement and acknowledgment of your last donation as well as a further appeal.

    During the past heavy winter, the temperature in our living quarters was about nine degrees centigrade above zero for several days. Both we ex-officers and ex-soldiers are not so much concerned with ourselves as we are with the physical welfare of our wives, especially the wives who are pregnant. There is great anxiety over their confinements and preparations for the newborn.

    Up to now we had a fund of our hetman, the head of our U. M. E. A. in Czecho-Slovakia, but it happened that on April 18, 1922, we spent our last four hundred Czecho-Slovak crowns to defray the expenses of the 2confinement of Mrs. Walter Kyprian, ex-officer's wife, who bore him a son.

    We, therefore, wish to appeal strongly to the honorable Executive Headquarters to be so kind as to refer this matter to the women's associations and committees in the United States, as well as to the Reverend Pastors, so that with their counsel, influence, and work they will at least partly help us meet this extreme necessity and thus help ease some of our worry.

    We appeal in this case to the women's committees and the Reverend Fathers because they understand the practical side of life much better than others. Nature, by the Providence itself, has thrown upon them the heaviest duty toward the new members of humanity, so that the former, as well as the latter, take care of the new life from the very beginning, especially the women, who do so with full sacrifice, and up to the very last breath of the individual.

    It is to you, mothers and sisters, Reverend Fathers and Reverend Sisters, who are caring for and bringing up children, that we send our ardent appeal 3not to forget your sisters who, due to the hostile occupation of our country, were forced to give up their homes and now, in foreign countries in Europe, are not living but just existing; not in becoming homes, but in dark and uncomfortable barracks, and there they fulfill their duty to humanity, imposed upon them by the will of the Providence itself, and they expect to be delivered. Do not forget them, and instead of some small entertainment try to arrange in every one of your club groups a benefit day for newborn Ukrainian babies and send the profits you make at these enterprises to those distressed ones in Europe; thus you will help many suffering mothers.

    To you also little children beyond the seas we send our appeal: do not forget your little brothers and sisters here across the ocean. Remind your parents every day to give you a penny for milk for those little children far away in the old country, take this penny to school and give it to your Ukrainian school teacher and ask her to collect more pennies from other pupils to send them for the poor children of the emigrants 4in Josefov, Czecho-Slovakia.

    Many thanks to all of you to whom this letter of appeal is directed, for your past and future co-operation.

    For the Charity Distribution Committee:

    K. Krushelnitsky, Chairman

    D. Kabarivsky, secretary.

    We beg to inform the honorable Executive Office that on April 15, 1922, we sent to you a statement and acknowledgment of your last donation as well as a further ...

    II D 10, III B 2
  • Sichovi Visty -- January 25, 1924
    Orders of Chief Executive on How to Conduct Sitch Meetings

    Before the Sitch organization will be able to get regular lecturers, who at set intervals could travel and give educational lectures, stopping at every district and company of the organization, the officers of every Sitch Company are ordered to read carefully all the main articles in the past issues of the Sitch News, and choose a theme for discussion before their next meeting. The article selected from our organ, before the next meeting, must be intrusted to two members who are to carefully study and develop it so as to be ready to answer almost any question that may arise during a joint discussion at the meeting. The first one of the two appointed must read aloud the article to all those present at the meeting and take the affirmative side of the article; the second one must be prepared to take the negative side in the discussion. The discussion must be conducted rather quietly, with poise, without mutual insults or attacks. The one taking the negative side will be the first to speak after the reading of the article; the one taking the 2affirmative, will have the last word.

    After the discussion, the two main persons taking part in it must summarize the entire procedure of the discussion and send it to the Executive Headquarters in Chicago.

    Fellow-members, this order should be complied with always. At the present time this is the only way whereby we can interest the greater masses of our people with public affairs, and thus help a number of people to develop better presentation of speeches, and clearer and to the point discussions.

    Order as to How to Conduct Ordinary and Mass Meetings

    In every Sitch Meeting conducted in its respective district, where a Sitch representative is present, sent by the Chief Executive's office, he has the preferred right over the local district head officer to conduct the meeting; however, the latter may conduct the meeting with the representative's consent.


    This decision is supported by the by-laws accepted at the last convention held in Cleveland. In short, where there is a representative sent directly from the Executive Headquarters, he is responsible for all the activities of that district during his stay; therefore, he must have authority.

    In the districts, either the district head officer or someone appointed by him, who is conducting the district meetings, is responsible for the activities.

    The chairman is only to conduct meetings, and is not to be the speaker; lecturers are to be the speakers. The secretary's business is to write the minutes and keep them in good order from meeting to meeting, and from year to year. The head officers are appointed especially to conduct all the Sitch meetings, and be responsible for them and their members.

    Order as to Selection of Themes at Gatherings and Meetings

    Any business of a local nature is to be discussed and decided immediately after 4the opening of a meeting.

    The next necessary point at every meeting is to discuss briefly the following things which are of general interest:

    (1) How to enlarge the Sitch Organization and the most efficient way of getting new members.

    (2) The meaning of the Sitch uniform.

    (3) The meaning of the Sitch press.

    Immediately after each meeting the collecting of monthly dues and voluntary donations to the press fund should take place. The latter especially should be sent out at once to the Executive Headquarters in Chicago.

    Dr. S. K. Hrynevetsky, Chief Executive.

    Chicago, Jan. 5, 1924.

    Before the Sitch organization will be able to get regular lecturers, who at set intervals could travel and give educational lectures, stopping at every district and company of the organization, ...

    III B 2, II B 2 g, II D 10, II B 2 d 1
  • Sichovi Visty -- June 10, 1924
    Resolutions of the Fifth Siege Convention Held in Philadelphia (By a Chicago Ukrainian Dr. Joseph Nazaruk)


    Concerning Reinforcement of the Siege Organization

    The Convention thinks that it is necessary to make some fundamental changes in order to reinforce the organization. One of the changes will be that the Chief Executive must appoint all the officers, with the exception of those whom he thinks ought to be elected by their respective District or Branch. In case of the death or the resignation of the Chief Executive, his assistant will take full charge of the Office. And in case the latter can not continue in the Office, he has the right to appoint an Interim Chief Executive, until the next referendum. The manner in which the Chief Executive is to be elected will depend upon the latest amended by-laws. This amendment is done according to the leading thoughts of the speech on the by-laws, at every Siege 2Convention, and according to the five articles in the Siege Organ, under the title: "Let us Build a Strong Siege." The Chief Executive is to hold the Office for three years. All the other officers are his subordinates, and they are either directly appointed, or approved by him. After the three years are over, he must call a convention, at which the delegates will either re-elect the old, or elect a new Chief Executive. The Convention must appraise and approve, or otherwise, the work of the Officers in power for the past three years.

    The Chief Executive once elected for three years, can be deposed only by a referendum, that is, by a general voting of every Siege member, and when two-thirds of all the Branches and within each Branch, two-thirds of the votes are against the Chief Executive, he is deposed. Should the Chief Executive be reluctant to arrange for such a referendum, upon a demand of two-thirds of the Branches, the assistant to the Chief Executive has the right to arrange for the referendum.

    N. B. After a conference of the lecturer with the Chief Executive, the former made a motion only to elect financial secretaries. Mr. Stephen 3Muryn of Chicago was elected the General Financial Secretary. The election of the local secretaries was left to the Districts and Branches respectively. Other officers must be left entirely for the approval of the Chief Executive, after such names are presented or submitted by the respective Districts or Branches. Until further notice by the Chief Executive, the present officers hold their respective positions.


    Organizational Affairs

    The Siege Convention considers only those people as enlightened, who steadily belong to one or more of the Ukrainian organizations, and who steadily carry some burden for the sake of their Ukrainian Nation in their state. All others are merely ethnographical material, who are either Little Russians, or Little Poles, who through their inertness, in case of fight, cannot be depended upon; but on the contrary, through their indifference they help the occupiers to hold the Ukrainian country and nation in bondage.


    Therefore, the Convention calls upon all Ukrainians to join the Ukrainian National Organizations and thoroughly fulfill the duties of the organizations, and at the same time train their children to do so.

    The Convention considers the Siege as the only organization which can unite all the Ukrainians, regardless of creed or political party, on the whole earth: in Europe, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and other parts of America as well as in Asia, and elsewhere. Therefore, the Convention appeals to all Ukrainians, in whatever part of the world they may be, to form clubs, groups, within the Siege organization, in every locality wherever there are ten or more Ukrainians to be found, and to see to it that they get in direct contact with the Siege Headquarters in Chicago, if they are in America, or with other Headquarters, if they are in any other part of the world.


    State Affairs

    The Siege Convention is positively and firmly for the Independent


    Ukrainian State, since the whole Ukrainian Country is at present occupied by foreign governments. (A nation can be considered as unoccupied only when its land has definite boundaries, independent of any foreign country; when it has its own Supreme Government with its army, treasury, and its offices filled by its own people.) Therefore, because the Ukrainian nation is lacking all this on its own soil, it is in a state of war with all its occupiers. Although at the present moment the Ukrainian Nation is conquered, no lawful representative of the Ukrainian land and country has signed a peace treaty with its occupiers.

    The Convention finds it necessary to create a Ukrainian State Center, outside its own country, where it can be free to establish the necessary Ukrainian institutions, organizations, and newspapers. Such a center should not have a committee, but one person; because wherever a committee rules, it usually leads only to deterioration of the national ideals. Committees should be created only as advisory bodies, which can take care of certain branches of general business.


    Individual members of those Committees should be responsible to the Chief Executive, who should have the right to accept their resignations, and appoint or approve new members, upon the request of the Ukrainian organizations in that particular country.

    The entire Ukrainian Nation should finance this Center, especially the American immigrants, with a regular National State tax collected monthly by all Ukrainian organizations.



    The Siege Convention recognizes the necessity of a united National State front in America and also ways and means that lead to this unity. In regard to this unification, the Convention admits that the general endeavors to attain it are so excellent that the Convention can add nothing for its betterment, except congratulations.

    With reference to the National tax collected by the Siege Branches, the


    Convention gives a free hand to every Branch whether they have to send it through their respective Siege District Office, or whether each Branch must send it separately and directly to the Headquarters in Chicago. Each District has the right to direct and instruct its own Branches as to what they have to do and how they must do it in this particular case.



    The Siege Convention considers it the duty of every Siege member to pay the National State tax regularly as had been established, to help the Old Country which is weltering in blood and suffering, and which is in dire need of the help for widows and orphans, for disabled invalids, as well as for the Ukrainian vernacular schools so terribly persecuted by the occupiers.


    Religious and Church Affairs


    The Convention considers religious and church quarrels among the Ukrainians, as well as every kind of disturbance against the churches, as throwing a bone of discontentment, and thus distracting the attention of the people from the organized struggle for its State independence. Therefore, every kind of a quarrel against churches or between churches are to be considered nothing else but a ruinous activity, which will only benefit the enemies of the Ukrainian Nation. Every nation, whose lands are occupied by its enemies, must preserve harmony among its people, otherwise a fight is impossible, and all its dissensions among its people are instigated all the more by its enemies, who thus profit by the internal quarrels of the nation.



    The Convention considers the press the chief medium of promulgation, propaganda, and firm establishment of the ideals of the organization. Therefore, the Convention has decided that from now on every Siege 9member must be a subscriber of the Siege organ. The nearest referendum must abolish subscribing to the paper and limit the monthly dues so that they will take care of the upkeep of the Siege Organization as well as the publication of its organ. The Convention approved of the work of the present editor, and also approved of his continuing in this position.


    The next Siege Convention is to be held three years from now in Detroit, Michigan.


    The Convention annuls all decrees prior to the by-laws of this Convention that are not in accord with its final decisions.

    I Concerning Reinforcement of the Siege Organization The Convention thinks that it is necessary to make some fundamental changes in order to reinforce the organization. One of the changes will ...

    III B 4, II B 2 d 1, II D 10, I A 1 a, III B 2, III E, III H, III C
  • Sitch -- April 01, 1925
    To the Ukrainian People of America!

    The Administration of the Ukrainian Student Association in Germany turns to their brothers in America for material aid for the Ukrainian students organized into this association. The basis of its appeal is the difficult and distressing circumstances in which these Ukrainian students at institutions of higher learning find themselves--students driven from their own soil by their enemies. We are sure that our brief petition will find an echo in the hearts of our brothers who always express their sympathy in such circumstances by extending the hand of brotherly aid, thereby rescuing these students from starvation, and at the same time paving the way for them in the world of truth and learning, to the honor and glory of the Ukrainian people. We hope that our brothers from across the sea will not turn us down this time, and the Administration of the association extends to all sincere contributors its highest thanks. Please send donations to the following address:


    Verein Ukrainischer Studenten in Deutschland, Berlin--Charlottenburg,

    4. Wieland Strasse 37. (Society of Ukrainian Students in Germany, Berlin--Charlottenburg, 4. Wieland Strasse 37.).

    The Administration of the Ukrainian Student Association in Germany turns to their brothers in America for material aid for the Ukrainian students organized into this association. The basis of its ...

    II D 10, III H