The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Ukraina -- May 19, 1917
    (By Vladimir Siemenovich) Ukrainian Day

    Another important event in the Chicago Ukrainian life was the "Ukrainian Day." At first there was a misunderstanding in this community; a few even held very boisterous meetings among the members of the "Ukrainian Federation," i. e. among the sympathizers of the "Ukrainian Council." We must admit however, that the Ukrainian intelligentsia of Chicago was seeking an agreement with both these parties while, on the contrary, the general public at first could not find its bearings as to the procedure in the matter. Yet in the end, mainly under the influence of Father Nicholas Strutynsky and a few other intelligent people, there followed agreement, in a way that the "Ukrainian Council" gave to the members of the "Federation" their tags and in return they were given the collection boxes,--and finally they all agreed to work together for the good of their people.

    The District Committee of the "Federation" undertook to see to it that everything is done to put over the "Ukrainian Day" successfully. Madam Strutynsky, Messrs. Kowalsky, Strusevich and Osadovsky, personally worked hard in the organization preparing everything needed for the "Ukrainian Day."

    They applied for help from the Lithuanians, Poles, and even went from house to house collecting from their own as well as from others.

    2

    We must sincerely thank our girls and women that worked ardently on this day, collecting money from the passing people in the streets.

    The committee recommended that Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich and Mr. Strusevich take care of the exterior arrangement of the "Ukrainian Day."

    They arranged for the announcement of the "Ukrainian Day" in American newspapers as much as possible. Thus, all the Chicago papers carried more or less spacious articles. The Chicago Herald even carried an extensive article, stating the present situation and the desire of the Ukrainians for their freedom and independence; so did the Chicago American. Once more did the poetess and writer, Madam Laflin, publish a sketch from the life of a poor Ukrainian family in a very sympathetic spirit.

    Mr. M. Sichynsky and Dr. Siemenovich undertook to request the aldermen, to permit the collecting of money in the streets of Chicago. So a full success was obtained.

    Notwithstanding the fact that Father Nicholas Strutynsky was opposing the independent Church for a long time past, yet during this day he allowed both 3the parishes to hold a meeting of all the Ukrainians in the hall of his Church. This we should be thankful for to him since from that time on both the parties started a mutual understanding.

    The income from the "Ukrainian Day" up till now was $8,353.68, from the "Federations" alone; as to the amount collected by the "Ukrainian Council," I could not find out, but I think that it did not exceed a few hundred dollars; --this however, is quite satisfactory.

    The Chicago American Committee gathered more than $1,300.00 which was added to the whole amount. In this a $1,000.00 check came from a Chicago millionaire, Paten. The Pullman Company sent a separate $50.00 check straight to the Ukrainian "Federation" in New York.

    From the above mentioned amount, we have yet to pay the expenses, but for these expenses a separate collection is being held.

    We must state that the Poles as well as the Lithuanians, backed us considerably, for they sent their girls for the collections;--and the Lithuanians even established a separate committee for themselves and collected nearly $600.00 for the Ukrainians. The exact amount of the offerings and collections 4will be announced in the following issue of the Ukraina. The "Ukrainian Day" brought a great moral profit to the Ukrainians as a whole, besides the material aid.

    Another important event in the Chicago Ukrainian life was the "Ukrainian Day." At first there was a misunderstanding in this community; a few even held very boisterous meetings among the ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, II B 1 c 3, I G, I C
  • Ukraina -- May 19, 1917
    (By Vladimir Siemenovich) Ukrainians Take Part in Reception for Joffre and Viviani

    Another important event for us Chicagoans was the invitation of Ukrainians to the committee which was to take care of the reception for the French General Joffre and the Minister Viviani, in which we were represented by Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich, with the aid of the following delegates: Father Nicholas Strutynsky, Dr. Bilyk and Father G. Popel. The Ukrainian girls and women clad in national costume, greeted the French dignitaries with American and Ukrainian flags.

    Another important event for us Chicagoans was the invitation of Ukrainians to the committee which was to take care of the reception for the French General Joffre and the Minister ...

    Ukrainian
    I G

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  • Russkaya Pochta -- June 16, 1917
    The Resolution of the Russian-Ukrainian Mass-Meeting

    On June 3, 1917 a mass-meeting of the Russian-Ukrainians in Chicago took place and the following resolution was made: Taking into consideration the successfully achieved Russian revolution, we Russian and Ukrainian peasants and workers unanimously resolve: 1) The expression of great thanks to all fighters of Russian liberty and the wish of a successful restoration of peace and order in a free country. 2) The expression of full confidence in the provisionary government, insisting on a victorious outcome of the war in order once and for all, to put an end to militarism. 3) To give to all nationalities inhabiting Russia freedom on the basis of autonomy. 4) The confiscation in favor of the people of all the natural riches and a just distribution of such. 5) The return to the parishioners of all Russian church property appropriated by the bishops. 6) The dismissal of all former tsarist officials, consuls and representatives in America and their replacement by representatives of free Russia. 7) The taking of measures against the Russian clergy, which agitates 2against the new people's government and for the restoration of monarchy in Russia. 8) The confiscation in favor of the people all the property received, as a reward for service to the former tsars. 9) Russia should be a democratic republic. 10) The full prohibition of the sale of liquors. 11) The introduction of obligatory general peoples education. 12) The expression of deep thanks to the American Republic, who has taken under its protection all Russians, who suffered from the former tsaristic regime. The present resolution was worked out after a grand manifestation in honor of liberty and unanimously accepted by the Russian-Ukrainian mass-meeting, and it was resolved to send it immediately to the Russian State Duma. Note: This resolution is an expression of the public opinion of the progressive part of the Russian colony in Chicago, which was hostile to the tsaristic regime. In general one could safely say that almost the whole Russian colony at that time was supporting the provisional government of Kerensky, with the exception of a small number of persons, who belonged to different political movements more to the left, than the government of Kerensky. This resolution reflects the frame of mind of the great majority of Russians in Chicago. N. K.)

    On June 3, 1917 a mass-meeting of the Russian-Ukrainians in Chicago took place and the following resolution was made: Taking into consideration the successfully achieved Russian revolution, we Russian and ...

    Ukrainian
    I E, I A 1 a, I B 1, III H, I G
  • Ukraina -- May 16, 1918
    The Political Aspect of the Ukrainians in America

    The misunderstanding between the benefit associations and the political organizations has no perceptible effect upon the attitude of the Ukrainian immigrants. Why? Because the national spirit is too powerful to be touched by these disagreements. It is noteworthy that the great body of Ukrainians is really in accord with the political organizations, as well as, with the benefit associations. This is true because of the strong bond of national unity. Little misunderstandings, unnoticeable friction, in the realm of politics is not only not harmful, but is on the contrary, unavoidable, very beneficial, and necessary to the life of the organizations. The one main ideal is never lost sight of, viz: Freedom for their own nation. These misunderstandings are due to the fact that some do not have sufficient knowledge and understanding of national questions. The shortcoming of this paper Workman could suitably be its chaos.

    In our opinion this newspaper has neither moral nor social influence upon 2national affairs. The Canadian Ranok is a Presbyterian newspaper. We must admit that in the United States of America we have the Ukrainian-American Workman, a social-religious newspaper, whose "knowledge" and revealed truth are supposed to be grounded on revelation, miracles, and, as the National Freedom sarcastically states, on fortune telling.

    The political policy of all our benevolent society organs, is one: against Germany, against Austria, and sympathy with the Allies and the Ukrainian nation. We do not intend to repeat the strong arguments of our worthy newspapers which have so thoroughly discussed this question. We believe there is not a single Ukrainian in the United States or Canada who would have a different attitude; that is, who would not take sides with the Allies, and the Ukrainians, against Germany and Austria.

    It is a fact that there was no special agitation among the Ukrainians for any one political set-up. Again, the orientations as before so now, is not 3an artificial outcome of a certain political or benefit association. Slight differences in our orientation have occurred as if by means of some unseen force during the last four years. These truths can not be denied by anyone. These are facts and need no further proofs. Yet it would be interesting to explain them.

    First: Why are benefit associations which are somewhat hostile as far as business is concerned, yet, are all bound in a wise, one-front, all-national understanding?

    Secondly: Why do our political national organizations, such as the Federation of the Ukrainians in the United States, and The Ukrainian Council, in Philadelphia, which are mutually great enemies, so opposed to each other just like fire and water, why do they have, we ask, this one and the same beautiful aim, the establishment of national unity among Ukrainians? From our investigation we cast out the socialistic federation party in the United 4States and which we do not acknowledge as an organization at all, and which is, according to our views, a foolishly childish burlesque of socialism.

    The answer to the first as well as to the second question is one. It is the national spirit which, by the law of nature, must evolve. Once its evolution is begun no counter force, no enemy can suppress it.

    Nations are made up of individuals, and they have the same right to freedom as each individual has; therefore, a nation must have a full right to independent freedom and must not be impeded in its evolution.

    But can our nation live in freedom under the control of German iron-clad militarism, when in our own home not we, but a foreign element, shall be the boss? The answer is self-evident. This was the cause to wake up our energetic nation politically with the slogan: "Away with the militarism of the Central Powers ! Away with the control of our nation ! Let freedom of the free nations live!"

    5

    The spirit of this slogan swayed all our newspapers abroad. This attitude of the Ukrainians in the United States is not the result of any agitation, but is just merely the natural outcome of a healthy national spirit.

    The Ukrainian colony in the city of Chicago displayed its energetic national spirit in the preparation of the Ukrainian manifestation, held on May 11, 1918. In the executive committee all the Ukrainian local societies were represented, with the exception of the small group of the socialist party.

    The manifestation of thousands of Ukrainians proved to be a grand success.

    The misunderstanding between the benefit associations and the political organizations has no perceptible effect upon the attitude of the Ukrainian immigrants. Why? Because the national spirit is too powerful to ...

    Ukrainian
    I G, III H, III B 2, I E
  • Ukraina -- June 06, 1918
    Impressions from the Ukrainian Manifestation in Chicago

    Preparation. Meeting place. Order. Parade, Public Meeting place. American Press.

    After a long and exciting discussion, finally a day was appointed for the Ukrainian manifestation. Two long, depressing, unbearable days, preceded the 30th day of May. On the outside was a continuous heavy rain. The horizon was covered with leaden clouds. A heavy oppressive fog began to spread from the lake on all sides. If only for a moment the blue sky would brighten, but no, everything remained as if it were concreted.

    Nature appeared obstinate and as if bent on aggravating the hope for a successful Ukrainian manifestation. Everyone was prepared for a bitter disappointment.

    The 30th of May also came cloudy, all swaddled with clouds. About ten o'clock that morning, the clouds became thin and the fog began to 2disappear. The sun began to shine in the sky.

    From all sides of the city and suburbs the societies accompanied by music, American and Ukrainian banners, began to move into the appointed places.

    Even though there were two meeting places, both were intended for the same cause.

    At one o'clock the signal was given at Oakley Boulevard to march on. The national march was played and all the lodges moved by fours along Chicago Avenue.

    At Hoyne Avenue the independent societies, already waiting in disciplined order, began to fall into one strong, unbroken phalanx. They began to flow into one big family just as the waters of the Dnieper-Slavuta flow 3quietly into the great depths of the Ukrainian Black Sea. A yielding peace and dignity began to show themselves on the cheeks of the people marching and in the eyes of the multitudes an unextinguished fire appeared in a stubborn determination, as if they were answering to their brothers, over the sea, asking for help in the midst of the fire and blood.

    The parade alone was a huge one. One had to wait for half an hour until the thirty societies that numbered nearly five thousand people passed.

    In the front rode men on two horses, and after them followed men bearing thirty or more flags, the flags being mostly American. Only four Ukrainian azure and gold flags were in the parade, belonging to a society which had the true national tendency. We felt the lack of our national colors.

    After the flags, our women followed proudly in Ukrainian costumes. This 4is our glory, our hope, boosting our national costumes everywhere.

    After the women came a decorated wagon, carrying a troop of girls in Red Cross uniforms, and among them the "Svoboda," (Liberty) and "Ukrainia" with chains on their hands, an allegoric picture of our fatherland that in a hard and bloody way gained its liberty and lost it abruptly.

    After this wagon there came in different formations, lodges of male societies, clubs and the sitch. After them came five allegorical emblems representing the United States, France, England, Italy and Belgium. These assured the world that the only rescue for Ukrainia is in being united with the Allies.

    After them followed long ranks of our men, both old and young, preceded by orchestras that played the national marches and hymns almost without stopping. Every society carried a banner with an inscription invoking 5the Allies and Germans to "Let live the true democracy!" Let live the liberty!" "Down with the Kaiser and his regime!" and many such others.

    The thorough, dignified, saintly feeling, the sound of the national melodies and hymns; the display of American and Ukrainian colors under the blissful sun, all this added power and charm to the national manifestation.

    Thousands of people looked on from the buildings, through windows and from balconies.

    The parade came to Pulaski Park. The big hall was filled with three thousand people. Half remained in the park courtyard.

    Public Meeting. In the hall everyone was very calm. The band played the American national anthem. Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich greets the assembled with the words, "Glory! Glory! Glory!" He speaks with youthful 6zest about the significance of this moment and protests against the breach of Germany's agreement with Ukrainia at Brest-Litovsk. In sharp words he begs the gathering to protest against the violence of Germany toward Ukrainia.

    The second speaker on the platform was Father Nicholas Hutynsky. He spoke with great enthusiasm, pointing to the gains of the French and American revolution, pointing out that our future lies in the lot of truly democratic states of the world and in the loyalty of the Ukrainians to the United States.

    The third speaker was Dr. Stephen Hryniewiecky, whom the public greeted with great applause.

    He spoke in a dignified manner and with well chosen words, joining his address in thought to those of the previous speakers, assuring us that 7notwithstanding all the adverse powers, our nation remains still in its harmonious strength, in its national consciousness and solidarity.

    Every speech was alternated with singing by the choruses of M. Sysenko, Boyan and Bandurysk. They impressed the listeners with beautiful native and foreign songs. All the choruses sang wonderfully, feeling the importance of the time and place. Above all the Boyan chorus was at its zenith under the capable direction of Madam Hryniewiecky, with its strength, fairness and symphony.

    Then followed speakers from other Slavic nationalities according to the program. Mr. I. Smolinsky greeted the Ukrainian assembly from the Poles. He wished freedom to the Ukrainians, Poles and all the Slavic peoples.

    The greatest enthusiasm was shown when the American congressman, Mr. McCormick, appeared. With a strong voice he won the souls of the listeners very effectively. He spoke on the meaning of today's war, 8pointing out the facts about the Allies, saying that in the United States is found the only bulwark of real democracy, and the mainstay of the Allies' strength. This in the end will put down the brutal German militarism. He bade the Ukrainians join the Allies.

    After him followed Mr. Stepina, who spoke for the Czechs, pointing out that Austria and Germany are the greatest enemies of all the Slavs.

    Dr. A. Biankini, for the Croatians, wished for the Ukrainians their freedom, stating that the future hope of the Slavs lies in the federation of all the Slavs.

    Mr. J. Palandech spoke for the Serbs. He said that the Serbs and the Montenegrins sacrificed their lives in the World War for their liberty and that of all the Slavs.

    Mr. I. Zuzek spoke for the Slovenes and assured the Ukrainians of the 9sympathy and the attachment of the Slovenian people to the Ukrainians.

    Father H. Pakalnis, on the part of the Lithuanians, shortly related the history of the union of Ukrainia with Lithuania, and talked on the Polish nobility as the mutual enemy of both Lithuania and Ukrainia.

    Among other Ukrainian speakers that deserve credit are Mr. P. Ikach, who spoke for the Ukrainian Federation of the Socialist Party in America. He protested against Germany's abolishing the Ukrainian Central Rada (council) and against the self-styled hetman Skoropadsky.

    Then followed Father H.Homitsky who fervently pointed out the progress of the struggle for the national liberty of the Ukrainians in Austria 10and begged them to join all the other Slavic nations against Germany and Austria.

    Every speaker was greeted with great applause, and everyone went home filled with enthusiasm.

    After the meeting followed a reception in the Hotel La Salle, in which practically all the speakers took part.

    On the following morning news of the Ukrainian manifestation appeared in almost all the local American newspapers.

    The fullest account appeared in the Daily News, the Tribune, and the Morning Herald.

    Yet these news articles were all very short in spite of the fact that there were two American correspondents at the gathering who were given 11ample and exhaustive information. The article printed in the above mentioned newspapers were beneficial mostly to the Slavonic League, whose existence we do not even know, let alone how this league favors the Ukrainian cause. In them, likewise, were registered personal ambitions of some of our leaders, who are infected with the mania for greatness, and who want to obtain the biggest credit and glory for themselves. They would surely take all the credit to themselves if they could, for planning this manifestation, especially those that probably did not use any effort at all. It would be well if the leaders who are better informed about this Slavonic League would convey to us what positions they hold in the above mentioned League.

    In the end we can proudly state that the Ukrainian colony in Chicago acquired great moral benefit from this manifestation.

    The people saw for themselves how strength is created when they unite 12solidly in the national cause.

    We expected, however, that the arrangers of the manifestation would know how to interest American political circles in the Ukrainian cause on a broader scale. In this direction the manifestation brought little or absolutely no gain! For this great failure on the part of those who arranged the Ukrainian manifestation there awaits a reckoning before our people, who underwent so much trouble and who made such heavy expenditures.

    Preparation. Meeting place. Order. Parade, Public Meeting place. American Press. After a long and exciting discussion, finally a day was appointed for the Ukrainian manifestation. Two long, depressing, unbearable days, ...

    Ukrainian
    I G, III B 2, III H, I C, IV
  • Ukraina -- August 01, 1918
    Ukrainian Chorus Offers Services in Cause of Patriotism

    The Ukrainian singing society "Boyan", which led in the singing of thirty different nationalities at the All-American Celebration of the Council of Foreign Language Women at the La Salle hotel on Tuesday, has offered its services for patriotic community singing in any locality, according to an announcement made by Mrs. Constantine Howard, executive secretary of the council.

    The only stipulation made, is that if performances occur in the daytime, the members of the chorus must be compensated for loss of pay through absence from work, and that the national song of Ukrainia must be included in the program.

    Mrs. Stephen Hryniewiecka is the leader of the chorus.

    The Ukrainian singing society "Boyan", which led in the singing of thirty different nationalities at the All-American Celebration of the Council of Foreign Language Women at the La Salle hotel ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 1 a, I G
  • Ukraina -- February 01, 1919
    To the Ukrainian Women and Girls in Chicago and Suburbs

    The enemy is destroying our native land. Our fathers, our husbands and our brothers are dying from bullets, fire, and in jails, and our mothers and our sisters are dying from starvation, and disease. Do we, Ukrainian women and girls have to sit still and only by crying soothe our wounded hearts.

    No! Once again no!

    It is the duty of our tender women to help our native country in its misfortunes.

    This we have to do with combined strength of all the women in America - then our help will be useful and effective in these times of needs.

    Let us take other nations into consideration, how their women work and help their native land and its nation.

    We see everywhere, the Czech, Slovak, Polish, womens' organizations in America. Have they not taken practically all the burdens of their native country upon 2themselves and done it very sincerely and eagerly?

    The same should be done by the Ukrainian women in America for our Ukrainia.

    Our second obligation - which already is flowing from our womens' soul and brains - is, that with their might they strive to raise women in the eyes of civilization, so that women receive the same rights as men in their private community, and political life. When the women of all nations become experienced, educated, and will take the same part in community and political life, then surely there will be no wars, there will be none of these misfortunes and destruction, which wars bring upon us.

    A woman, educated, and with the same rights endowed, will ennoble the commonalty and lead it to a real human progress.

    We want to lead Ukrainia to true progress.

    In order that the Ukrainian women may fulfill these two obligations, they have to join the women's organizations and societies.

    3

    One person alone seldom did reach or found anything big in the world. In organization there is strength, which can surmount most difficulties in doing big things.

    In our immigration in the United States, there is one womens' organization, namely, "Union of the Ukrainian Women."

    The women's union decided in the very beginning to be profitable to everybody, in the form of a benefit organization, therefore the greatest possible number of our Ukrainian women, in the whole territory of the United States, where our immigrants live, should unite under its banner.

    Besides its clean human program - giving moral and material aid to its members in times of misfortune and grief,- "The Union of Ukrainian Women in America" resolved itself to carry out chief ideal undertakings:

    (a) To spread education among the Ukrainian women and girls;

    (b) To educate our women as to their obligations in their social and community rights.

    The task of the women's society is to put Ukrainian women and girls in America in 4a position wherein she can carry out every phase of the national work.

    Dear Sisters!

    "Organize and unite yourselves for the big cause! " Organize womens' societies and join in throngs the "Union of Ukrainian Women in America."

    The opportune time has come when the women cannot sit any longer afraid, with their hands crossed, but must act as a live and worthy human being that wants to take part in the broader life of this wide world.

    A big and honorable reward for all the women's efforts, so also for you, Ukrainian sisters, will be this strong center, to which all the true Ukrainian women and girls in America will add their strength to the mass work of the "Union of Ukrainian Women in America".

    The enemy is destroying our native land. Our fathers, our husbands and our brothers are dying from bullets, fire, and in jails, and our mothers and our sisters are dying ...

    Ukrainian
    I G, I K, III B 2, II D 1, I A 1 a
  • Ukraina -- May 10, 1919
    Uncle Sam Has to Aid War Ruined Europe

    Wheat and meat, clothing and building material will have to be sent very soon to Europe in large quantities.

    America is always in position to carry out this work, because the United States is the richest country in the world. At any rate, America cannot further its help problems, when you will not aid her.

    You know that a large part of the past loan from the Svoboda went for the nourishment of needy nations. Now comes a bigger demand to help the war ruined people in the form of giving them a loan - for the purpose of feeding the hungry and bringing the shattered nations to peace and prosperity.

    In what way can Uncle Sam think of feeding, clothing, and in other ways helping Europe in her fearful situation resulting from the war? This help is to be given from the Liberty Loan.

    If every one of us will loan a small amount, Uncle Sam will be able to give more.

    2

    What's more, it will speed up the securing of the Liberty Loan and prosperity will be here. Wages will go up. We will be able to help ourselves.

    We, Ukrainians, should not neglect the call of Uncle Sam. We know that if we loan him money, it will be returned to us dollar for dollar, and after four years there will be an interest of 4¾ per cent.

    By the government plan the Liberty Loan can be paid out in six installments, the last payment being on November 11th, 1919.

    Buy now, today! Let the badge on your chest show that you completed your obligation.

    Wheat and meat, clothing and building material will have to be sent very soon to Europe in large quantities. America is always in position to carry out this work, because ...

    Ukrainian
    I G
  • Ukraina -- May 31, 1919
    The Cause of Helping Ukrainia

    Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich received the following letter from the Headquarters of the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C.

    Dear Sir:

    On May 19th, we received a telegram from you containing a resolution of the Mass Meeting of Americans of Ukrainian origin, held in Chicago.

    Our information in regard to Ukrainia has been rather unsatisfactory to date, owing to the fact that the present military situation does not make it possible for relief to be carried to that country for an organization such as the American Red Cross. However, as you probably know, the situation in Europe changes constantly. Here in Washington, we cannot hope to keep in touch with these shifting conditions, and consequently have organized a Commission for Europe which keeps in intimate touch with all European affairs and instigates relief work in various localities.

    As a result of your telegram, we have forwarded your resolution to our Commissioner for Europe, asking at the time that when possible he send us information in regard 2to what the Red Cross could do for Ukrainia. On receipt of an answer from him, I will be glad to get in touch with you.

    Very truly yours,

    Philip L. Ross, Assistant to the Vice-Chairman.

    Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich received the following letter from the Headquarters of the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C. Dear Sir: On May 19th, we received a telegram from you containing ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 1, I G, II D 10, III H
  • Ukraina -- September 27, 1919
    Ten Thousand Ukrainians Protest against the Poles for Taking Ukrainian Territory

    To the manifestation! To the manifestation! Let us protest against the Poles for taking our Ukrainian soil! Let us gain freedom and the liberty of our dear Ukrainia!

    These and similar calls were heard in Chicago and suburbs within the past few weeks. Not a small group of people, but thousands of men, women and children hastened to answer this call, so that with their presence the holiday of the Chicago Ukrainians could be exalted.

    Ever so often news comes from the suburbs that the Ukrainians are preparing themselves for this holiday, calling meetings among themselves, collecting money for the expense and wherever possible they rehearse parading in their localities so as to come already prepared to the gathering place.

    2

    The manifestation parade began at Oakley and Rice Streets, by the St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic church. Our young Ukrainian men, who served in the United States Army, were put at the head of the parade where, with their presence, they reminded the Poles that they are not afraid of their Haller army anymore than they feared the Germans should the time come for this. After them followed the Siege from Chicago and suburbs, numbering nearly a thousand. Siege banners, alongside the American flag, which glittered in the rays of the sun, reminded everyone of the value of our holiday, and added to the spirit of those standing in the ranks of fighters who, though here in America, have their spirits there in Ukrainia and (are ready) to defend the rights of the Fatherland, for which the Ukrainians sacrificed their lives under the azure and gold banner.

    To the manifestation! To the manifestation! Let us protest against the Poles for taking our Ukrainian soil! Let us gain freedom and the liberty of our dear Ukrainia! These and ...

    Ukrainian
    III H, I G, III B 2, I C