The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Ukraina -- May 19, 1917
    (By Vladimir Siemenovich) Ukrainian Day

    Another important event in the Chicago Ukrainian life was the "Ukrainian Day." At first there was a misunderstanding in this community; a few even held very boisterous meetings among the members of the "Ukrainian Federation," i. e. among the sympathizers of the "Ukrainian Council." We must admit however, that the Ukrainian intelligentsia of Chicago was seeking an agreement with both these parties while, on the contrary, the general public at first could not find its bearings as to the procedure in the matter. Yet in the end, mainly under the influence of Father Nicholas Strutynsky and a few other intelligent people, there followed agreement, in a way that the "Ukrainian Council" gave to the members of the "Federation" their tags and in return they were given the collection boxes,--and finally they all agreed to work together for the good of their people.

    The District Committee of the "Federation" undertook to see to it that everything is done to put over the "Ukrainian Day" successfully. Madam Strutynsky, Messrs. Kowalsky, Strusevich and Osadovsky, personally worked hard in the organization preparing everything needed for the "Ukrainian Day."

    They applied for help from the Lithuanians, Poles, and even went from house to house collecting from their own as well as from others.


    We must sincerely thank our girls and women that worked ardently on this day, collecting money from the passing people in the streets.

    The committee recommended that Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich and Mr. Strusevich take care of the exterior arrangement of the "Ukrainian Day."

    They arranged for the announcement of the "Ukrainian Day" in American newspapers as much as possible. Thus, all the Chicago papers carried more or less spacious articles. The Chicago Herald even carried an extensive article, stating the present situation and the desire of the Ukrainians for their freedom and independence; so did the Chicago American. Once more did the poetess and writer, Madam Laflin, publish a sketch from the life of a poor Ukrainian family in a very sympathetic spirit.

    Mr. M. Sichynsky and Dr. Siemenovich undertook to request the aldermen, to permit the collecting of money in the streets of Chicago. So a full success was obtained.

    Notwithstanding the fact that Father Nicholas Strutynsky was opposing the independent Church for a long time past, yet during this day he allowed both 3the parishes to hold a meeting of all the Ukrainians in the hall of his Church. This we should be thankful for to him since from that time on both the parties started a mutual understanding.

    The income from the "Ukrainian Day" up till now was $8,353.68, from the "Federations" alone; as to the amount collected by the "Ukrainian Council," I could not find out, but I think that it did not exceed a few hundred dollars; --this however, is quite satisfactory.

    The Chicago American Committee gathered more than $1,300.00 which was added to the whole amount. In this a $1,000.00 check came from a Chicago millionaire, Paten. The Pullman Company sent a separate $50.00 check straight to the Ukrainian "Federation" in New York.

    From the above mentioned amount, we have yet to pay the expenses, but for these expenses a separate collection is being held.

    We must state that the Poles as well as the Lithuanians, backed us considerably, for they sent their girls for the collections;--and the Lithuanians even established a separate committee for themselves and collected nearly $600.00 for the Ukrainians. The exact amount of the offerings and collections 4will be announced in the following issue of the Ukraina. The "Ukrainian Day" brought a great moral profit to the Ukrainians as a whole, besides the material aid.

    Another important event in the Chicago Ukrainian life was the "Ukrainian Day." At first there was a misunderstanding in this community; a few even held very boisterous meetings among the ...

    III B 2, II B 1 c 3, I G, I C
  • Ukraina -- June 06, 1918
    Impressions from the Ukrainian Manifestation in Chicago

    Preparation. Meeting place. Order. Parade, Public Meeting place. American Press.

    After a long and exciting discussion, finally a day was appointed for the Ukrainian manifestation. Two long, depressing, unbearable days, preceded the 30th day of May. On the outside was a continuous heavy rain. The horizon was covered with leaden clouds. A heavy oppressive fog began to spread from the lake on all sides. If only for a moment the blue sky would brighten, but no, everything remained as if it were concreted.

    Nature appeared obstinate and as if bent on aggravating the hope for a successful Ukrainian manifestation. Everyone was prepared for a bitter disappointment.

    The 30th of May also came cloudy, all swaddled with clouds. About ten o'clock that morning, the clouds became thin and the fog began to 2disappear. The sun began to shine in the sky.

    From all sides of the city and suburbs the societies accompanied by music, American and Ukrainian banners, began to move into the appointed places.

    Even though there were two meeting places, both were intended for the same cause.

    At one o'clock the signal was given at Oakley Boulevard to march on. The national march was played and all the lodges moved by fours along Chicago Avenue.

    At Hoyne Avenue the independent societies, already waiting in disciplined order, began to fall into one strong, unbroken phalanx. They began to flow into one big family just as the waters of the Dnieper-Slavuta flow 3quietly into the great depths of the Ukrainian Black Sea. A yielding peace and dignity began to show themselves on the cheeks of the people marching and in the eyes of the multitudes an unextinguished fire appeared in a stubborn determination, as if they were answering to their brothers, over the sea, asking for help in the midst of the fire and blood.

    The parade alone was a huge one. One had to wait for half an hour until the thirty societies that numbered nearly five thousand people passed.

    In the front rode men on two horses, and after them followed men bearing thirty or more flags, the flags being mostly American. Only four Ukrainian azure and gold flags were in the parade, belonging to a society which had the true national tendency. We felt the lack of our national colors.

    After the flags, our women followed proudly in Ukrainian costumes. This 4is our glory, our hope, boosting our national costumes everywhere.

    After the women came a decorated wagon, carrying a troop of girls in Red Cross uniforms, and among them the "Svoboda," (Liberty) and "Ukrainia" with chains on their hands, an allegoric picture of our fatherland that in a hard and bloody way gained its liberty and lost it abruptly.

    After this wagon there came in different formations, lodges of male societies, clubs and the sitch. After them came five allegorical emblems representing the United States, France, England, Italy and Belgium. These assured the world that the only rescue for Ukrainia is in being united with the Allies.

    After them followed long ranks of our men, both old and young, preceded by orchestras that played the national marches and hymns almost without stopping. Every society carried a banner with an inscription invoking 5the Allies and Germans to "Let live the true democracy!" Let live the liberty!" "Down with the Kaiser and his regime!" and many such others.

    The thorough, dignified, saintly feeling, the sound of the national melodies and hymns; the display of American and Ukrainian colors under the blissful sun, all this added power and charm to the national manifestation.

    Thousands of people looked on from the buildings, through windows and from balconies.

    The parade came to Pulaski Park. The big hall was filled with three thousand people. Half remained in the park courtyard.

    Public Meeting. In the hall everyone was very calm. The band played the American national anthem. Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich greets the assembled with the words, "Glory! Glory! Glory!" He speaks with youthful 6zest about the significance of this moment and protests against the breach of Germany's agreement with Ukrainia at Brest-Litovsk. In sharp words he begs the gathering to protest against the violence of Germany toward Ukrainia.

    The second speaker on the platform was Father Nicholas Hutynsky. He spoke with great enthusiasm, pointing to the gains of the French and American revolution, pointing out that our future lies in the lot of truly democratic states of the world and in the loyalty of the Ukrainians to the United States.

    The third speaker was Dr. Stephen Hryniewiecky, whom the public greeted with great applause.

    He spoke in a dignified manner and with well chosen words, joining his address in thought to those of the previous speakers, assuring us that 7notwithstanding all the adverse powers, our nation remains still in its harmonious strength, in its national consciousness and solidarity.

    Every speech was alternated with singing by the choruses of M. Sysenko, Boyan and Bandurysk. They impressed the listeners with beautiful native and foreign songs. All the choruses sang wonderfully, feeling the importance of the time and place. Above all the Boyan chorus was at its zenith under the capable direction of Madam Hryniewiecky, with its strength, fairness and symphony.

    Then followed speakers from other Slavic nationalities according to the program. Mr. I. Smolinsky greeted the Ukrainian assembly from the Poles. He wished freedom to the Ukrainians, Poles and all the Slavic peoples.

    The greatest enthusiasm was shown when the American congressman, Mr. McCormick, appeared. With a strong voice he won the souls of the listeners very effectively. He spoke on the meaning of today's war, 8pointing out the facts about the Allies, saying that in the United States is found the only bulwark of real democracy, and the mainstay of the Allies' strength. This in the end will put down the brutal German militarism. He bade the Ukrainians join the Allies.

    After him followed Mr. Stepina, who spoke for the Czechs, pointing out that Austria and Germany are the greatest enemies of all the Slavs.

    Dr. A. Biankini, for the Croatians, wished for the Ukrainians their freedom, stating that the future hope of the Slavs lies in the federation of all the Slavs.

    Mr. J. Palandech spoke for the Serbs. He said that the Serbs and the Montenegrins sacrificed their lives in the World War for their liberty and that of all the Slavs.

    Mr. I. Zuzek spoke for the Slovenes and assured the Ukrainians of the 9sympathy and the attachment of the Slovenian people to the Ukrainians.

    Father H. Pakalnis, on the part of the Lithuanians, shortly related the history of the union of Ukrainia with Lithuania, and talked on the Polish nobility as the mutual enemy of both Lithuania and Ukrainia.

    Among other Ukrainian speakers that deserve credit are Mr. P. Ikach, who spoke for the Ukrainian Federation of the Socialist Party in America. He protested against Germany's abolishing the Ukrainian Central Rada (council) and against the self-styled hetman Skoropadsky.

    Then followed Father H.Homitsky who fervently pointed out the progress of the struggle for the national liberty of the Ukrainians in Austria 10and begged them to join all the other Slavic nations against Germany and Austria.

    Every speaker was greeted with great applause, and everyone went home filled with enthusiasm.

    After the meeting followed a reception in the Hotel La Salle, in which practically all the speakers took part.

    On the following morning news of the Ukrainian manifestation appeared in almost all the local American newspapers.

    The fullest account appeared in the Daily News, the Tribune, and the Morning Herald.

    Yet these news articles were all very short in spite of the fact that there were two American correspondents at the gathering who were given 11ample and exhaustive information. The article printed in the above mentioned newspapers were beneficial mostly to the Slavonic League, whose existence we do not even know, let alone how this league favors the Ukrainian cause. In them, likewise, were registered personal ambitions of some of our leaders, who are infected with the mania for greatness, and who want to obtain the biggest credit and glory for themselves. They would surely take all the credit to themselves if they could, for planning this manifestation, especially those that probably did not use any effort at all. It would be well if the leaders who are better informed about this Slavonic League would convey to us what positions they hold in the above mentioned League.

    In the end we can proudly state that the Ukrainian colony in Chicago acquired great moral benefit from this manifestation.

    The people saw for themselves how strength is created when they unite 12solidly in the national cause.

    We expected, however, that the arrangers of the manifestation would know how to interest American political circles in the Ukrainian cause on a broader scale. In this direction the manifestation brought little or absolutely no gain! For this great failure on the part of those who arranged the Ukrainian manifestation there awaits a reckoning before our people, who underwent so much trouble and who made such heavy expenditures.

    Preparation. Meeting place. Order. Parade, Public Meeting place. American Press. After a long and exciting discussion, finally a day was appointed for the Ukrainian manifestation. Two long, depressing, unbearable days, ...

    I G, III B 2, III H, I C, IV
  • Sichovi Visty -- August 15, 1918
    Why Was the Ukrainian Siege Organization Established in America By J. Sharowsky, Siege Secretary

    Some individuals think that the Siege was established by a group seeking honors and titles as Siege officers. As a result of this it is no wonder that although it is almost two years since the Siege was established, only a comparatively small number realize its real purpose.

    When we look more closely into the life of the immigrant, we notice that all nationality groups have their organizations in order to get together now and then. The so-called athletic organizations draw our attention particularly. There is hardly a foreign national group in this country that won't recognize the value of physical drills and athletics. For instance, let us take the Czechs. They take particular care in training their youth. Therefore, it is no wonder that when one visits a Czech Eagle lodge one cannot help but noticing how the old mothers bring their 2children to the drills.

    Why? Because they know that physical drills build a healthy body, beautifys it, develop perserverance, and add years to one's life. If children are healthy, so will be the nation, and this applies to any nation. Let us turn our attention to ourselves. Who of us ever thought of the blessings brought about by athletics? It has been over thirty years since our immigration started into this country, and nobody has ever mentioned anything seriously about athletics yet. All of us seem to look at it indifferently, although there are many who know that for us Ukrainians it is indispensably necessary; yet during all that time they did not do anything in this direction. Meanwhile, our youth, feeling the necessity of physical drill, joined clubs hostile to us, for the sake of gymnastics. This is why today we find a number of Ukrainians in the ranks of the Polish Eagle organization. They speak Polish as fluently as if they did not know their native language or neglected it. And today we complain that our Ukrainians read Polish newspapers and speak their language, but we do not try to find the cause of this evil, and even though we see it, we are ashamed to tell 3ourselves the truth straight from the shoulder, that this is our own fault.

    The saying goes: Bend the tree while it is young. So, if we had undertaken that work right from the start, then today, positively we would exceed twice 500,000 immigrants, for we emigrated in a far greater number than they actually give us credit for. Alas, many foreign elements unjustly claim any number of Ukrainina immigrants. To counteract this situation at least in part, we established the Siege Organization, which has for its object the training of the Ukrainian Youth, both physically and spiritually. Everyone of us already know that in a sound body there is a sound mind.

    The Siege organization answers all the requirements of the Ukrainian nation. Therefore, there should not be found a single one from among us that should join an encampment hostile to us. There is among us our own organization. The officers of the Siege Organization will do everything in their power to attain this aim. From now on we cannot complain any longer that there is not any organization of this kind among ourselves. Take advantage of it, everyone of you; take advantage of this accomplishment, which is established through you, for you, and among you.

    Some individuals think that the Siege was established by a group seeking honors and titles as Siege officers. As a result of this it is no wonder that although it ...

    III B 2, I A 1 a, II B 3, III G, I C
  • Ukraina -- October 12, 1918
    In Memoriam

    The angel of death that visits Chicago did not forget to pay a visit to a Ukrainian family.

    On October 4, at 7 A.M., this unmerciful angel of death came unexpectedly to the home of our beloved Father Osyp Kuzma and took his immaculate soul to eternity, leaving a remembrance after his frightful visit: to his dearest wife, to all his co-nationalists, friends and acquaintances, to members of the Ukrainian National Church of the Blessed Trinity on Erie near Robey Street, to friends by calling, the Ukrainian National priests and to all the Ukrainian National Churches of America, as well as to our dear Ukrainia of which the deceased was a true son and an honorable and a loyal worker.

    The late Father Osyp was born on the 16th of November, 1889, in Zolochiv, Ukrainian Galicia, under an old black peasant roof.


    The parents of the deceased were Daniel and Catherine, who though being poor, decided to give everything they had in order that their son Osyp might receive a higher education. So, on completing the fourth grade in the national school, his parents sent Osyp to a gymnasium school, where the deceased was an outstanding student almost every year. It was thus until he reached seventh grade. Being a student in the seventh grade, the late Father Osyp very well understood the maltreatment of the Ukrainian people by the Poles, which he witnessed with his own eyes and then he began to help them morally. On every occasion he went to the neighboring villages, to the libraries, where he gave lectures, encouraging the youth to work among themselves. At times the late Father Osyp traveled with Ukrainin lectures, mostly before elections, and agitated in favor of the Ukrainian candidates for the senate. To add to the misfortune, evil was threatening. Surprising news began to seep through the school officials against Father Osyp; accusing him of being a "haydamak," (robber). Following this news began the investigations 3of the Polish professors and even of our own; and hence a command to cease his activity. Having an inborn love for liberty and truth, the future Father Osyp, with his parents' consent, gave up his gymnasium studies, and bade farewell to his native home and his dearest countrymen, departing for the world beyond the wide sea, America, where he knew, was liberty, in which the deceased expected to find internal contentment.

    A poor man is always poor, says our watchword. This proverb particularly concerned the late Father Osyp. On coming to America, Father Osyp found himself abandoned, like a boat on the wild sea. No family nor friends nor acquaintances. In time he became acquainted with some of our intelligent people. Mostly the priests turned from the deceased without much faith, saying that he was an exile, loving none not even himself.

    So "keep away from him, people!"

    He was refused by his own.


    Yet other people who recognized the usefulness of Father Osyp interested themselves in him and tried to give him some work wherever possible.

    After learning the English language a little, the late Father Osyp enrolled in a business college at Wilkes Barre, Pa., striving one way or another to add to his knowledge, thus making his meager livelihood.

    In 1915 Father Osyp came to Milwaukee, Wis., where he got a job in a store. In the evenings he began to attend Marquette University.

    Through the good will of influential persons, the late Father Osyp began teaching in the Hanover Street public school and, besides this, he taught in the preparatory class for the citizens' papers. The deceased worked hard, without complaining against the bitter lot, being modest in self praise of his work.


    He only desired that his work should benefit others and only others, and that at the same time it should bring to him some livelihood. But he is a Ukrainian, he must work for the Ukrainian people, for the honest community.

    With fire in his soul he devoted himself to studying the occupations and positions of our people in America in every walk of life. Their Father Osyp studied the situation of the Ukrainians in America, and noticed a new trend, this being the movement for the national church.

    When he became a priest, Father Osyp (Joseph) was the happiest person in the world. "I could draw the whole world to my heart now, together with my friends and enemies," he said after he was ordained. "Granted health and strength, I believe that I will be able to do most everything for my dear Ukrainia and her children. I do not fear the enemies. They are not frightful to me, because I believe in the victory of light 6over darkness. I believe in triumph of the blessed truth over the cursed lie. I believe in the resurrection of the Ukrainian people from their dark tomb, into which the enemies gradually pushed our people, i. e., into spiritual darkness, ignorance and the national unconsciousness sown among them for centuries, which helped and even today helps to torture our dear Ukrainia."

    This is the thought the closed lips of Father Osyp utters today, while in his eyes one could see the fire burning for the love and willingness of his young life to become an offering on the altar of our dear Ukrainia and of all her oppressed Ukrainian people.

    As a priest, Father Osyp (Joseph) believed he could do a great deal of good for his people here in America. Within a few months Father Osyp made acquaintance with the most influential Americans, who honored and valued him even though he was young. Father Osyp was the first Ukrainian in Chicago who really knew how to interest Americans in the Ukrainians, before whom he oftentimes spoke in the English language. Father Osyp 7would announce the Ukrainian name wherever he could, and would represent our people as the nicest in the world. He worked the best he could and as a reward for his work in the national cause, he gathered sneers and reproaches from jealous enemies and blind fanatics, who today rejoice at the opportunity of his death, unappreciative to the late Father Osyp's true patriotism and work in the Ukrainian National Church field.

    Rejoice, Oh enemies! but know you that the dirt you throw at Father Osyp does not fall on him, but on yourselves. There will come the time when you will become conscious of yourselves and become ashamed of yourselves.

    And you, dear friend, brother and Father Osyp, may you rest in peace. May this free American soil that you loved so much as first after dear Ukrainia, be as light as a feather, and a remembrance unto you. May his memory among the Ukrainian people live from year to year evermore.

    The angel of death that visits Chicago did not forget to pay a visit to a Ukrainian family. On October 4, at 7 A.M., this unmerciful angel of death came ...

    IV, III C, I C
  • Ukraina -- January 23, 1919
    To the Ukrainian Workingmen, Members, and Sympathizers of the Federation of Ukrainians in America

    Brother Ukrainians!

    As you all know it was resolved at the second Ukrainian congress in Washington, D. C., that the executives of the Federation of Ukrainians take under consideration the case of transferring the Chicago weekly, Ukraina, which is to become the organ of the Federation of Ukrainians in the United States.

    This resolution of the Congress is not yet carried out. We expect that the executives of the Federation will do everything in their power to take over the Ukraina and its property.

    Brother workingmen! You know very well that the Federation of Ukrainians was started a long time ago, and progressed slowly, not the way we should like to see it. The chief reason is that the Federation did 2not have its own paper that would stand for the interest of the Ukrainian workingmen in America.

    The newspaper Ukraina, issued in Chicago, though it was altogether an independent newspaper, never committed itself against the ideals that the Federation of Ukrainians had upheld, but always sided with it in a friendly way. Sometimes it had to raise a few questions which touched the Federation of Ukrainians in their voice of criticism on certain matters.

    Now, when Ukraina is to become the newspaper of the Federation of Ukrainians, it is the obligation not only of the members and sympathizers, but of every conscious workingman to spread and to back up the newspaper Ukraina.

    A good example was set in this direction by the shareholders of the Ukrainian Publishing Company in Chicago, owners of the newspaper Ukraina, 3who resolved to leave their shares with the Federation of Ukrainians if only the newspaper Ukraina would go to the Federation of Ukrainians.

    So you, too, Ukrainian workingmen, do your share for this cause!

    Order for yourselves the newspaper Ukraina and induce others to do this. Collect advertisements, give all kinds of printing work to the printing company of the Ukraina, sponsor concerts, dances, and other entertainments for the newspaper Ukraina.

    Thus we shall not only insure the existence of the needed Ukrainian newspaper for ourselves in these parts, but also we shall be able to effect the coming out of the Ukraina more often, and in the near future we shall find that our weekly Ukraina will become a daily paper.

    Through ardent work, and willingness, this will not be a hard thing to do. Let us keep under consideration that in Chicago alone there are a 4few thousand copies of Polish newspapers bought by the Ukrainian people.

    Surely, the Ukrainians would rather find out all the world news from their own Ukrainian daily than from our Polish enemy papers.

    When we reach this point we can boldly bring the Ukrainian cause as well as that of the Ukrainian workingmen's cause to equal our enemies, and go to fight for our beautiful national banner, for thee, our free Ukrainia! Long live and grow the Federation of Ukrainians in the United States! Long live and grow the newspaper Ukrainia.

    Yours for the cause,

    Elias Szkwarok.

    Brother Ukrainians! As you all know it was resolved at the second Ukrainian congress in Washington, D. C., that the executives of the Federation of Ukrainians take under consideration the ...

    II B 2 d 1, III B 4, I C, III B 2
  • Ukraina -- May 11, 1919
    To All Subscribers and Readers of the Newspaper Ukraina

    Our newspaper lived through the crisis. For four weeks Ukraina was not published. The shareholders of the Ukrainian Publishing Company, to which our newspaper belongs, are of a strong and reliable character. They said: "We have given a great deal for the newspaper Ukraina already and will give still more for its continuation in Chicago.

    Besides this, a number of the Ukranians in Chicago, although they always boast that they are the best Ukrainians, are against the Ukrainian newspaper.

    Some oppose it because they are blinded by the red Soviet "internationalism" of the Russian Jews - in all cases where liberation work (has been done) by the Ukrainian peasants and workers on their own land. They look through the glasses of the Jews, Russians, Poles, Rumanians, Germans, French, and other nations, but not Ukrainian.


    Our Ukrainian newspaper is very gloomy for these Soviet friends. It voices the sentiment that the Ukrainian people must be their own boss and master on their soil; that the Ukrainian peasant and workingman have the right to keep his own order in his land; that for such as him they seem most fit and most profitable, and will not listen to any stories coming from Warsaw, Paris or Moscow.

    The second group of people in Chicago that oppose our newspaper consists of those who do not yet understand the value of their own newspaper.

    They really are not opposed to the newspaper, but you cannot expect any aid from them for they are indifferent.

    They fear everything, are indifferent to everything. They live only for themselves, yet are not altogether so bad after all.


    There are people in Chicago who understand their obligations toward our nation.

    This group of people organized our newspaper and at all costs are keeping it up.

    In order to overcome the financial difficulties in which our newspaper found itself in the past time, our share owners put upon themselves a voluntary monthly fee.

    Ukraina in Chicago is the only Ukrainian medium in the middle western states which will continue in existence.

    Our newspaper lived through the crisis. For four weeks Ukraina was not published. The shareholders of the Ukrainian Publishing Company, to which our newspaper belongs, are of a strong and ...

    II B 2 d 1, I E, I C
  • Ukraina -- September 27, 1919
    Ten Thousand Ukrainians Protest against the Poles for Taking Ukrainian Territory

    To the manifestation! To the manifestation! Let us protest against the Poles for taking our Ukrainian soil! Let us gain freedom and the liberty of our dear Ukrainia!

    These and similar calls were heard in Chicago and suburbs within the past few weeks. Not a small group of people, but thousands of men, women and children hastened to answer this call, so that with their presence the holiday of the Chicago Ukrainians could be exalted.

    Ever so often news comes from the suburbs that the Ukrainians are preparing themselves for this holiday, calling meetings among themselves, collecting money for the expense and wherever possible they rehearse parading in their localities so as to come already prepared to the gathering place.


    The manifestation parade began at Oakley and Rice Streets, by the St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic church. Our young Ukrainian men, who served in the United States Army, were put at the head of the parade where, with their presence, they reminded the Poles that they are not afraid of their Haller army anymore than they feared the Germans should the time come for this. After them followed the Siege from Chicago and suburbs, numbering nearly a thousand. Siege banners, alongside the American flag, which glittered in the rays of the sun, reminded everyone of the value of our holiday, and added to the spirit of those standing in the ranks of fighters who, though here in America, have their spirits there in Ukrainia and (are ready) to defend the rights of the Fatherland, for which the Ukrainians sacrificed their lives under the azure and gold banner.

    To the manifestation! To the manifestation! Let us protest against the Poles for taking our Ukrainian soil! Let us gain freedom and the liberty of our dear Ukrainia! These and ...

    III H, I G, III B 2, I C
  • Ukraina -- October 18, 1919
    Here Is No Poland, You Polacks, but the United States of America

    The "Siege" movement which spread among the Ukrainians in Chicago, New York, and throughout the United States through natural irresistible force, restlessly excites the hot-headed Poles. Fortunately, this is not Poland here, but a free democratic country. Here they cannot establish and give a free hand to hoards of rootless Polish state detectives; they cannot establish the Polish "culture" of arson, gibbets and dungeons. But the Polish black hand is present even here. Where it is impossible for them to carry on their savage work with bayonet and dagger there they fight by spying and misinformation.

    The United States federal authorities in New York raided the Siege locale in search for weapons and inciting literature - of course, they did not find anything of the sort, because the Siege members are not anarchists, but Ukrainian patriots who want Ukrainia to be an independent republic, established not on communism, but on a democratic foundation.


    The Ukrainians in the United States are grateful to the federal government for the freedom which they use to good advantage, and the best sign of their gratefulness is the fact that thousands of our boys fought in the World War under the Stars and Stripes of Uncle Sam.

    The federal agent was showing translations from our newspapers Ukraina, Siege News, and other Ukrainian newspapers, which the Polacks purposely mistranslated in order to denounce us. Of course, in those reports the Polish translators twisted around many statements. It is a known fact that the Polack could not live without lying.

    The federal agent visited Ukraina and inquired about the Siege movement among us. Both in Chicago and in New York he obtained the same answer, namely, that the Ukrainian movement is a national independence movement, and that "Sieges" are Ukrainian national athletic associations. He asked whether we drill with weapons. To this we replied that we do not have any permission for it, but that we shall apply for one.


    Without permission we do not have any weapon drill, because it is against the law, and the "Sieges" were, are, and will be loyal and law-abiding citizens of the United States.

    Up to the present time inquiries ended, yet we are sure that it is the Polish black hand which will be restless and will invent something new in order to check the spread of the Siege movement.

    This should only strengthen our work in that direction. It is evident that the Poles are afraid of the Sieges, since they want to stop this movement. Let, therefore, every enlightened Urkrainian, man and woman, join our ranks. Let all the Ukrainians of New York and Chicago and of the whole United States join the Siege association.

    There should be nothing more advantageous to us than public litigation, if it only would come to pass. By the litigation the American public 4would find out who is Paderewski and his bourgeois - clerical clique which now rules Poland. The Americans would find out about all the savageries of the Hallor's (Polish) army, about the atrocities and barbarism of the Huns of the present age. There would come to true light the fake "knighthood" of the Polish bandits, who horribly raged at the defenseless Ukrainian inhabitants of the Eastern Galicia. The bandit stamp would be attached to the Poles once for all, and their so-called "culture" would show itself nothing more than ordinary savage animal brutality.

    Therefore, to work, Siege members! Do not be afraid of the Polish threats in America. The Americans, and not the Poles, rule this country. Our movement when advertised will bring us sympathy from the freedom-loving Yankees.

    The Americans warred for the ideal of freedom.


    The Americans went to the World War in order to free the whole world.

    When the Americans learn about the fact that so many disadvantages came upon Ukrainia, how much the enemies press from all sides against Ukrainia, in order to enslave us, the Americans will be the first ones to say to our national enemies: "Get out of Ukrainia! Hands off from the Ukrainian possessions!"

    Let our enemies rage in their powerless wrath.

    With faith in our proper right to demand what is our own, let us stand under the Siege banner, under the flag of one undivided and independent Ukrainia!

    N. Burlaka.

    The "Siege" movement which spread among the Ukrainians in Chicago, New York, and throughout the United States through natural irresistible force, restlessly excites the hot-headed Poles. Fortunately, this is not ...

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  • Ukraina -- November 01, 1919
    Report of the Meeting at the South Side of Chicago

    Among the Ukrainian workmen in the South Side of Chicago the Polish agents started a movement, recruiting as great a number of Ukrainians as they possibly could for the purpose of inducing them to take out Polish passports at their consulate, and leave for the old country. To counteract the evil, we wish to explain to our people at this meeting what danger each one of them runs into.

    At that meeting of October 12, 1919, there were about 250 present, including men and women. It was opened by Mr. P. Kavatsiw. In a few words he explained to those that were gathered the purpose of the meeting, and asked them to nominate a candidate for chairman of the meeting.

    Mr. N. Moranets was unanimously elected the chairman, and Mr. Yaroslaw Skrotsky, secretary.

    The former thanked those that were present for the election, and once more 2told them of the purpose of the meeting. He expressed a deep sympathy for the Ukrainian brothers and sisters badly maltreated by the Poles in the old country, and denounced those few who do not consider the Polish yoke and atrocities as an ulcer in the very heart of every Ukrainian, who are being extremely heavily taxed even to the last penny that is verily earned with the sweat of their brows.

    Further, he requested of all to break off every association with the Poles, our treacherous enemies, and never listen to their advice, for their aim is to injure and not to help us.

    Mr. Peter Didyk was the next speaker. In his fiery and emotional speech he picturesquely portrayed the unbearable living conditions of our brothers and sisters in our depressed fatherland. The Ukrainians over there are ready any minute to lay down their lives for the defense of our fatherland. Yet, we, instead of helping them in their honest efforts, go to any Polack, our cursed enemy to take advice from him on how to counteract their destructive activity. Now reason this out with me: "Could 3there be any greater crime a Ukrainian could commit than to go to the Polish consul, take out a passport there, and swear that he is ready every minute to join their legion, and thus go and murder the enemies of mother Poland? Murder his brothers and sisters, nay, even his very father and mother, should they still be living in the wilderness without a place to lay their heads.

    "Brother," continued Mr. Didyk, "your father and mother are living there in caves. Who has driven them in there but the Polish knout? Have you enough conscience to give away your money, earned with the sweat of your brow, to the Pole, and thus provide for him the means to procure a stronger knout with which he will drive your father and mother deeper into the cave, whence they shall never be able to see God's world, and themselves occupy their cozy homes, making themselves comfortable in their feather-quill beds?

    You send clothing and footwear through the Polish agents who, instead of sending them to your wife, children or parents, are distributing them among those Polish bums who stand with knouts at the entrance of the caves in 4which your most beloved dwell, lest perchance they may show their heads out of the cave, their unavoidable grave, and thus in the meantime other nations may notice the horrible Polish culture."

    Then the speaker was trying to inspire one and all to join the Siege ranks, and if need be to be ready to stand shoulder to shoulder, and with their own lives protect and defend the Ukrainian land against the Polish captivity.

    Once more he called all to unity and unanimity, and to know and understand the hostile work of the Polish agents against us. A thundering ovation was given him at the end of his speech.

    Mr. Peter Kavatsiw was the next speaker. In his speech he pictured the life of the forefathers of Ukrainia, and compared it with the present captivity in which our Ukrainian brothers suffer under the Polish and Russian governments.


    Now Mr. Yaroslaw Skrotsky read and explained to those present all sorts of information with reference to sending out money and parcels to the old country. This information was issued by the Ukrainian Exchange Bureau of Chicago, wherein those Ukrainians are employed who are well known for their merits and work in the national field.

    Lastly Mrs. Mary Bilyk spoke on behalf of the Ukrainian Red Cross. She moved all those present to tears, who contributed $86.30 for widows and orphans in the old country. She also invited those gathered for the following Sunday, Nov. 19, for a special meeting of the Ukrainian Red Cross.

    As before, so on November 19, there was a great number of men and women present. After hearing the speeches of Mrs. Mary Bilyk, Harry Kryvovyaz, and Yaroslaw Skrotsky, they understood better the object of the Ukrainian Red Cross, and without any encouragement on the part of the speakers, they contributed $22.55, which makes with the former collection $108.85.


    The chairman thanked those present for listening attentively and for supporting the Ukrainian cause.

    The meeting ended with the national anthems, "Ukrainia is already arisen," and "We, Knights."

    All left the hall with a resolution to contribute materially to the cause and fight even to the giving up of one's life, if need be, until that time when the Ukraine shall be a free and independent state.

    Yaroslaw Skotsky

    Secretary of the Meeting.

    Among the Ukrainian workmen in the South Side of Chicago the Polish agents started a movement, recruiting as great a number of Ukrainians as they possibly could for the purpose ...

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  • Ukraina -- November 15, 1919
    To Members of the Siege Organization of the Ukrainians in the U. S. A

    Dear Siege Members:

    The eyes of all the Ukrainian nation are turned on you. For your waits your dear native sister; for you waits your gray-haired father, hungry, almost completely naked and barefooted, with a scythe in his hands, and your mother and sister with a sickle. They fight against the bloody enemy, the Poles, who eagerly and relentlessly want to take away from us Ukrainians that what is dearest to any man: his freedom!

    Everybody longs for freedom. Cage a bird and give him to eat and drink all he wants, yet he will ever try to dash out for freedom. Why does he not want to stay in the cage? Because the cage is a jail for him, something similar to death itself. Therefore, regardless of how well you will feed him there, he will always long for freedom. So also it is with a nation.

    You know that every nation itself fought for and won its own freedom. Let 2us take George Washington. He fought to liberate the American nation, to liberate its land, where we American citizens of Ukrainian descent presently live. He loved his country so much that he showered upon it his very sweat of blood. With a strong faith in his heart he went forward to fight for the golden freedom.

    We Siege members have experienced serfdom already. We Siege members are remembering the Polish, Austrian, and Russian jails, gibbets, tortures, and all sorts of countless abuses on our fathers and the whole Ukrainian nation. But we also know what means freedom, liberty, independence!! We Siege members love and will love freedom. George Washington taught us how to love freedom, how to fight for it! And for this reason, we, the Siege members, are loyal to the free land of Washington. We, the citizens of the United States of America, wish for nothing more than that what George Washington wished for America.

    Therefore, we believe that the American government, elected by the American citizens, will extend its helping hand toward our native country, Mother 3Ukrainia, in her struggle, fighting for her freedom and independence.

    We American Siege members swear upon the spirit of our dead heroes, who gave their lives for freedom, before the whole civilized world, that our native country Ukrainia shall be free!

    We, the American Siege members, will follow the footsteps of George Washington! Washington was restless until he won freedom for the American nation. So also we will not rest until our country, Ukrainia, earns her freedom.

    Our enemies, the Poles and the Russians, have plans in their heads and outwardly they try to deceive us. They try to ignore our manifestations and endeavor to make the whole world do the same. But it won't be long!..

    The time is not far off when the Siege members will show the greedy big-bellied Poles the way back to Warsaw and Kracow!


    Dear Siege Members! At the last Siege convention we have all sworn that we shall be restless till the Siege organization in America reaches 60,000 members, who will be ready to lay down their lives for freedom and the independence of Ukrainia. Therefore, forward to work, members! Bring in new members; establish new Siege branches: this is the only medium which will win freedom for Ukrainia.

    Join the Siege ranks all who love the Ukrainian nation. Those who belong to Siege give a proof that they are ready to defend their father and mother, brother and sister, their wives and children.

    Do you want to be an enemy of those that are nearest and dearest to you? No! and I am sure of the answer. Therefore, join one and all the ranks of the fighters for freedom and independence of Mother Ukrainia; join the membership of the Siege organization in the United States.

    Yours sincerely,

    John Boyko, Head Commander S. O. U.

    Dear Siege Members: The eyes of all the Ukrainian nation are turned on you. For your waits your dear native sister; for you waits your gray-haired father, hungry, almost completely ...

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