The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Russkaya Pochta -- June 16, 1917
    The Resolution of the Russian-Ukrainian Mass-Meeting

    On June 3, 1917 a mass-meeting of the Russian-Ukrainians in Chicago took place and the following resolution was made: Taking into consideration the successfully achieved Russian revolution, we Russian and Ukrainian peasants and workers unanimously resolve: 1) The expression of great thanks to all fighters of Russian liberty and the wish of a successful restoration of peace and order in a free country. 2) The expression of full confidence in the provisionary government, insisting on a victorious outcome of the war in order once and for all, to put an end to militarism. 3) To give to all nationalities inhabiting Russia freedom on the basis of autonomy. 4) The confiscation in favor of the people of all the natural riches and a just distribution of such. 5) The return to the parishioners of all Russian church property appropriated by the bishops. 6) The dismissal of all former tsarist officials, consuls and representatives in America and their replacement by representatives of free Russia. 7) The taking of measures against the Russian clergy, which agitates 2against the new people's government and for the restoration of monarchy in Russia. 8) The confiscation in favor of the people all the property received, as a reward for service to the former tsars. 9) Russia should be a democratic republic. 10) The full prohibition of the sale of liquors. 11) The introduction of obligatory general peoples education. 12) The expression of deep thanks to the American Republic, who has taken under its protection all Russians, who suffered from the former tsaristic regime. The present resolution was worked out after a grand manifestation in honor of liberty and unanimously accepted by the Russian-Ukrainian mass-meeting, and it was resolved to send it immediately to the Russian State Duma. Note: This resolution is an expression of the public opinion of the progressive part of the Russian colony in Chicago, which was hostile to the tsaristic regime. In general one could safely say that almost the whole Russian colony at that time was supporting the provisional government of Kerensky, with the exception of a small number of persons, who belonged to different political movements more to the left, than the government of Kerensky. This resolution reflects the frame of mind of the great majority of Russians in Chicago. N. K.)

    On June 3, 1917 a mass-meeting of the Russian-Ukrainians in Chicago took place and the following resolution was made: Taking into consideration the successfully achieved Russian revolution, we Russian and ...

    Ukrainian
    I E, I A 1 a, I B 1, III H, I G
  • Sichovi Visty -- August 15, 1918
    Why Was the Ukrainian Siege Organization Established in America By J. Sharowsky, Siege Secretary

    Some individuals think that the Siege was established by a group seeking honors and titles as Siege officers. As a result of this it is no wonder that although it is almost two years since the Siege was established, only a comparatively small number realize its real purpose.

    When we look more closely into the life of the immigrant, we notice that all nationality groups have their organizations in order to get together now and then. The so-called athletic organizations draw our attention particularly. There is hardly a foreign national group in this country that won't recognize the value of physical drills and athletics. For instance, let us take the Czechs. They take particular care in training their youth. Therefore, it is no wonder that when one visits a Czech Eagle lodge one cannot help but noticing how the old mothers bring their 2children to the drills.

    Why? Because they know that physical drills build a healthy body, beautifys it, develop perserverance, and add years to one's life. If children are healthy, so will be the nation, and this applies to any nation. Let us turn our attention to ourselves. Who of us ever thought of the blessings brought about by athletics? It has been over thirty years since our immigration started into this country, and nobody has ever mentioned anything seriously about athletics yet. All of us seem to look at it indifferently, although there are many who know that for us Ukrainians it is indispensably necessary; yet during all that time they did not do anything in this direction. Meanwhile, our youth, feeling the necessity of physical drill, joined clubs hostile to us, for the sake of gymnastics. This is why today we find a number of Ukrainians in the ranks of the Polish Eagle organization. They speak Polish as fluently as if they did not know their native language or neglected it. And today we complain that our Ukrainians read Polish newspapers and speak their language, but we do not try to find the cause of this evil, and even though we see it, we are ashamed to tell 3ourselves the truth straight from the shoulder, that this is our own fault.

    The saying goes: Bend the tree while it is young. So, if we had undertaken that work right from the start, then today, positively we would exceed twice 500,000 immigrants, for we emigrated in a far greater number than they actually give us credit for. Alas, many foreign elements unjustly claim any number of Ukrainina immigrants. To counteract this situation at least in part, we established the Siege Organization, which has for its object the training of the Ukrainian Youth, both physically and spiritually. Everyone of us already know that in a sound body there is a sound mind.

    The Siege organization answers all the requirements of the Ukrainian nation. Therefore, there should not be found a single one from among us that should join an encampment hostile to us. There is among us our own organization. The officers of the Siege Organization will do everything in their power to attain this aim. From now on we cannot complain any longer that there is not any organization of this kind among ourselves. Take advantage of it, everyone of you; take advantage of this accomplishment, which is established through you, for you, and among you.

    Some individuals think that the Siege was established by a group seeking honors and titles as Siege officers. As a result of this it is no wonder that although it ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, I A 1 a, II B 3, III G, I C
  • Ukraina -- February 01, 1919
    To the Ukrainian Women and Girls in Chicago and Suburbs

    The enemy is destroying our native land. Our fathers, our husbands and our brothers are dying from bullets, fire, and in jails, and our mothers and our sisters are dying from starvation, and disease. Do we, Ukrainian women and girls have to sit still and only by crying soothe our wounded hearts.

    No! Once again no!

    It is the duty of our tender women to help our native country in its misfortunes.

    This we have to do with combined strength of all the women in America - then our help will be useful and effective in these times of needs.

    Let us take other nations into consideration, how their women work and help their native land and its nation.

    We see everywhere, the Czech, Slovak, Polish, womens' organizations in America. Have they not taken practically all the burdens of their native country upon 2themselves and done it very sincerely and eagerly?

    The same should be done by the Ukrainian women in America for our Ukrainia.

    Our second obligation - which already is flowing from our womens' soul and brains - is, that with their might they strive to raise women in the eyes of civilization, so that women receive the same rights as men in their private community, and political life. When the women of all nations become experienced, educated, and will take the same part in community and political life, then surely there will be no wars, there will be none of these misfortunes and destruction, which wars bring upon us.

    A woman, educated, and with the same rights endowed, will ennoble the commonalty and lead it to a real human progress.

    We want to lead Ukrainia to true progress.

    In order that the Ukrainian women may fulfill these two obligations, they have to join the women's organizations and societies.

    3

    One person alone seldom did reach or found anything big in the world. In organization there is strength, which can surmount most difficulties in doing big things.

    In our immigration in the United States, there is one womens' organization, namely, "Union of the Ukrainian Women."

    The women's union decided in the very beginning to be profitable to everybody, in the form of a benefit organization, therefore the greatest possible number of our Ukrainian women, in the whole territory of the United States, where our immigrants live, should unite under its banner.

    Besides its clean human program - giving moral and material aid to its members in times of misfortune and grief,- "The Union of Ukrainian Women in America" resolved itself to carry out chief ideal undertakings:

    (a) To spread education among the Ukrainian women and girls;

    (b) To educate our women as to their obligations in their social and community rights.

    The task of the women's society is to put Ukrainian women and girls in America in 4a position wherein she can carry out every phase of the national work.

    Dear Sisters!

    "Organize and unite yourselves for the big cause! " Organize womens' societies and join in throngs the "Union of Ukrainian Women in America."

    The opportune time has come when the women cannot sit any longer afraid, with their hands crossed, but must act as a live and worthy human being that wants to take part in the broader life of this wide world.

    A big and honorable reward for all the women's efforts, so also for you, Ukrainian sisters, will be this strong center, to which all the true Ukrainian women and girls in America will add their strength to the mass work of the "Union of Ukrainian Women in America".

    The enemy is destroying our native land. Our fathers, our husbands and our brothers are dying from bullets, fire, and in jails, and our mothers and our sisters are dying ...

    Ukrainian
    I G, I K, III B 2, II D 1, I A 1 a
  • Ukraina -- February 22, 1919
    Education

    Practical studies in mathematics, geometry and physics for the Ukrainian workingman will begin in a few days under the tutorship of a capable Ukrainian teacher.

    The classes will be held in the evenings. Those wishing to know more should realize that at times like these education is needed by every cultured worker who wants to better his personal position in his calling. Please take advantage of this fine opportunity!

    Remember that the liberated independent Ukrainia will need good intelligent men and expert mechanics that can stand the competition with the qualified workingmen of this country.

    For all information you should turn to the newspaper Ukraina, 2152 W. Chicago Avenue; in the evenings, from 5 to 7, beginning with Saturday, 2February 22. (Note: This school was organized by Ukraina).

    Enrollment will be accepted from the 22nd to the 25th of February.

    Practical studies in mathematics, geometry and physics for the Ukrainian workingman will begin in a few days under the tutorship of a capable Ukrainian teacher. The classes will be held ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 2 f, I A 1 a, III H
  • Ukraina -- November 15, 1919
    John Franko Ukrainian College

    With November 12, there will open (sic) a Ukrainian college under the name of John Franko Ukrainian College, at 1956 W. Erie St., Chicago.

    The college will have lectures four evenings a week, from 7 to 10 o'clock. The following subjects will be offered: Bookkeeping, Commercial Law, Mathematics, Salesmanship, General History and History of Ukrainia, General Geography and Geography of Ukrainia, Ukrainian Grammar and Literature, Commercial Correspondence, English and German Languages.

    Besides, this professional education is necessary for those who want to start out a business for themselves on their return to the native land.

    The college will try to give a general education. Moreover, there will be given lectures of general interest from various branches of knowledge 2to fill out the gaps where the complete subject cannot be taken up due to lack of sufficient time on the part of the student.

    Two nights a week a school will be conducted for the illiterate, who will be allowed also to hear the lectures on other subjects as special students.

    Registration closes with Nov. 17. There will be three lecturers. The college is under the direction of Mr. Michael Ivanowsky, from whom all the necessary information can be obtained every evening during the week days.

    With November 12, there will open (sic) a Ukrainian college under the name of John Franko Ukrainian College, at 1956 W. Erie St., Chicago. The college will have lectures four ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 2 f, I A 1 a
  • Ukraina -- August 21, 1920
    Attention, Ukrainian Youth of Chicago and Suburbs!

    On Sunday, September 5, at 2:30 o'clock, in Eckhart Park Hall, Chicago Avenue and Noble Street, there will be a speech given to inform the Ukrainian youth who are planning to enroll in the day or night courses with the new school semester.

    Countrymen, the war is already ended, and now begins the reconstruction which is needed mostly by Ukrainia. All the nations are preparing for this work but alas! we Ukrainians will add nothing to our Fatherland. Shall it not be a shame for us when other nations will occupy the high positions all over the world and even in Ukrainia? Will we not be ashamed of ourselves when we return to Europe without any profession or trade?

    In order to meet the situation the Ukrainian Circle of Self-Education obligated itself by informing the Ukrainian youth of the technical, educational and business courses. We invite all Ukrainians to this meeting, both men and women who are interested in education.

    On Sunday, September 5, at 2:30 o'clock, in Eckhart Park Hall, Chicago Avenue and Noble Street, there will be a speech given to inform the Ukrainian youth who are planning ...

    Ukrainian
    I A 1 a, III H, III E, I G
  • Sichovi Visty -- June 10, 1924
    Resolutions of the Fifth Siege Convention Held in Philadelphia (By a Chicago Ukrainian Dr. Joseph Nazaruk)

    I

    Concerning Reinforcement of the Siege Organization

    The Convention thinks that it is necessary to make some fundamental changes in order to reinforce the organization. One of the changes will be that the Chief Executive must appoint all the officers, with the exception of those whom he thinks ought to be elected by their respective District or Branch. In case of the death or the resignation of the Chief Executive, his assistant will take full charge of the Office. And in case the latter can not continue in the Office, he has the right to appoint an Interim Chief Executive, until the next referendum. The manner in which the Chief Executive is to be elected will depend upon the latest amended by-laws. This amendment is done according to the leading thoughts of the speech on the by-laws, at every Siege 2Convention, and according to the five articles in the Siege Organ, under the title: "Let us Build a Strong Siege." The Chief Executive is to hold the Office for three years. All the other officers are his subordinates, and they are either directly appointed, or approved by him. After the three years are over, he must call a convention, at which the delegates will either re-elect the old, or elect a new Chief Executive. The Convention must appraise and approve, or otherwise, the work of the Officers in power for the past three years.

    The Chief Executive once elected for three years, can be deposed only by a referendum, that is, by a general voting of every Siege member, and when two-thirds of all the Branches and within each Branch, two-thirds of the votes are against the Chief Executive, he is deposed. Should the Chief Executive be reluctant to arrange for such a referendum, upon a demand of two-thirds of the Branches, the assistant to the Chief Executive has the right to arrange for the referendum.

    N. B. After a conference of the lecturer with the Chief Executive, the former made a motion only to elect financial secretaries. Mr. Stephen 3Muryn of Chicago was elected the General Financial Secretary. The election of the local secretaries was left to the Districts and Branches respectively. Other officers must be left entirely for the approval of the Chief Executive, after such names are presented or submitted by the respective Districts or Branches. Until further notice by the Chief Executive, the present officers hold their respective positions.

    II

    Organizational Affairs

    The Siege Convention considers only those people as enlightened, who steadily belong to one or more of the Ukrainian organizations, and who steadily carry some burden for the sake of their Ukrainian Nation in their state. All others are merely ethnographical material, who are either Little Russians, or Little Poles, who through their inertness, in case of fight, cannot be depended upon; but on the contrary, through their indifference they help the occupiers to hold the Ukrainian country and nation in bondage.

    4

    Therefore, the Convention calls upon all Ukrainians to join the Ukrainian National Organizations and thoroughly fulfill the duties of the organizations, and at the same time train their children to do so.

    The Convention considers the Siege as the only organization which can unite all the Ukrainians, regardless of creed or political party, on the whole earth: in Europe, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and other parts of America as well as in Asia, and elsewhere. Therefore, the Convention appeals to all Ukrainians, in whatever part of the world they may be, to form clubs, groups, within the Siege organization, in every locality wherever there are ten or more Ukrainians to be found, and to see to it that they get in direct contact with the Siege Headquarters in Chicago, if they are in America, or with other Headquarters, if they are in any other part of the world.

    III

    State Affairs

    The Siege Convention is positively and firmly for the Independent

    5

    Ukrainian State, since the whole Ukrainian Country is at present occupied by foreign governments. (A nation can be considered as unoccupied only when its land has definite boundaries, independent of any foreign country; when it has its own Supreme Government with its army, treasury, and its offices filled by its own people.) Therefore, because the Ukrainian nation is lacking all this on its own soil, it is in a state of war with all its occupiers. Although at the present moment the Ukrainian Nation is conquered, no lawful representative of the Ukrainian land and country has signed a peace treaty with its occupiers.

    The Convention finds it necessary to create a Ukrainian State Center, outside its own country, where it can be free to establish the necessary Ukrainian institutions, organizations, and newspapers. Such a center should not have a committee, but one person; because wherever a committee rules, it usually leads only to deterioration of the national ideals. Committees should be created only as advisory bodies, which can take care of certain branches of general business.

    6

    Individual members of those Committees should be responsible to the Chief Executive, who should have the right to accept their resignations, and appoint or approve new members, upon the request of the Ukrainian organizations in that particular country.

    The entire Ukrainian Nation should finance this Center, especially the American immigrants, with a regular National State tax collected monthly by all Ukrainian organizations.

    IV

    Unification

    The Siege Convention recognizes the necessity of a united National State front in America and also ways and means that lead to this unity. In regard to this unification, the Convention admits that the general endeavors to attain it are so excellent that the Convention can add nothing for its betterment, except congratulations.

    With reference to the National tax collected by the Siege Branches, the

    7

    Convention gives a free hand to every Branch whether they have to send it through their respective Siege District Office, or whether each Branch must send it separately and directly to the Headquarters in Chicago. Each District has the right to direct and instruct its own Branches as to what they have to do and how they must do it in this particular case.

    V

    Tax

    The Siege Convention considers it the duty of every Siege member to pay the National State tax regularly as had been established, to help the Old Country which is weltering in blood and suffering, and which is in dire need of the help for widows and orphans, for disabled invalids, as well as for the Ukrainian vernacular schools so terribly persecuted by the occupiers.

    VI

    Religious and Church Affairs

    8

    The Convention considers religious and church quarrels among the Ukrainians, as well as every kind of disturbance against the churches, as throwing a bone of discontentment, and thus distracting the attention of the people from the organized struggle for its State independence. Therefore, every kind of a quarrel against churches or between churches are to be considered nothing else but a ruinous activity, which will only benefit the enemies of the Ukrainian Nation. Every nation, whose lands are occupied by its enemies, must preserve harmony among its people, otherwise a fight is impossible, and all its dissensions among its people are instigated all the more by its enemies, who thus profit by the internal quarrels of the nation.

    VII

    Press

    The Convention considers the press the chief medium of promulgation, propaganda, and firm establishment of the ideals of the organization. Therefore, the Convention has decided that from now on every Siege 9member must be a subscriber of the Siege organ. The nearest referendum must abolish subscribing to the paper and limit the monthly dues so that they will take care of the upkeep of the Siege Organization as well as the publication of its organ. The Convention approved of the work of the present editor, and also approved of his continuing in this position.

    VIII

    The next Siege Convention is to be held three years from now in Detroit, Michigan.

    IX

    The Convention annuls all decrees prior to the by-laws of this Convention that are not in accord with its final decisions.

    I Concerning Reinforcement of the Siege Organization The Convention thinks that it is necessary to make some fundamental changes in order to reinforce the organization. One of the changes will ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 4, II B 2 d 1, II D 10, I A 1 a, III B 2, III E, III H, III C
  • Sitch -- September 01, 1925
    A Word to the Children

    Go to school, to the higher schools, for there is nothing better than school. When on the threshold of this school say firmly to yourself: "I must finish this school, no matter how difficult it may be!" Decide on it in that way, and see it through. There is nothing worse than a school career not completed. People say justly, "A student who did not complete his studies is worse than a blockhead." It is better to go to school and complete it than to shorten your life in some factory or in washing some Chinaman's dishes. Every worker is important, but the insulting blockhead always creates rottenness, and is an abomination. They regret that they have squandered their young lives; that is why they are always insulting and throw mud on everything. Therefore, if you begin school, complete it! Do not begin that school with the idea that you want to become a master because a person who does so never learns anything. Go to school with the idea of acquiring higher knowledge, not only for yourself but also for those who stay in the factories at hard work. They 2will provide everything needed in life, and you should prepare yourself to repay that debt by telling them the truth and caring for them. While you are attending school do not lose your faith--the faith of your mother and father--for when you lose that, even though you have completed your studies, you will not bring anyone any good because internally you will be burnt to ashes and your mind will be vacuous! Without the faith which your people have, you will be a wicked noisemaker and a ruined and poisoned fruit in a white collar, and with an overturned head. In this head will only be madness and contempt for the aching hand of the workingman who is providing your bread and butter. This is the greatest experience of true education, and whoever tells you otherwise is a blockhead, no matter how well he tries to fool you by showing you educational books.

    The beautiful and sweet fruit of knowledge teaches us to acknowledge laws, humane work and, above all, faith in the Supreme Power on which everything rests. Go to school, higher school. Begin it, stay in it and complete it with a firm determination that you will serve your people with 3truth and not domineer over them. Then you will not be a stupid and wicked destroyer, but a real leader. Go, and do not forget this, for every word written here is the truth. Some day you will be convinced of the truth of this study.

    Go to school, to the higher schools, for there is nothing better than school. When on the threshold of this school say firmly to yourself: "I must finish this school, ...

    Ukrainian
    I A 1 a, I C
  • Sitch -- September 01, 1925
    A Word to Fathers and Mothers

    Autumn is approaching. Millions of golden ripe products will fall from the trees to the ground to serve as the seed of the future trees. Millions of birds will get their offspring ready for the long journey to the south.

    Fathers and mothers! Your golden fruit, your children, have also matured to the extent of having gone to school to prepare themselves for their long journey into life. Dumb animals can teach their offspring only that which they themselves know. Human beings can educate their children to a higher level than the one on which they find themselves. That is why you should not say to your children, "Go to work, and bring me five dollars a day! I worked hard; you do the same!" This is only done by the dumb wild beasts of the woods. But the beasts are not responsible for what they are doing, because they cannot achieve progress.

    Progress is the accomplishment of human beings alone. Do not be an enemy 2to your child! Do not let your children be driven in the factories like oxen. Brighten your fruitful blood for the benefit of yourself and your people! Enroll your children in the higher schools. Let it be in the future that when the green grass grows over your bones, your child will remember you as a good father and mother, and not as covetous ones who for five dollars stunted their blossoms in a factory. Perhaps some of you have children in the old country, boys or girls. Help them also to go to school. It may be difficult for you; but in any case it will be easier for you to keep them in school over there than for them to do so unaided.

    Autumn is approaching. Millions of golden ripe products will fall from the trees to the ground to serve as the seed of the future trees. Millions of birds will get ...

    Ukrainian
    I B 3 b, I A 1 a, I B 3 c, III H
  • Ukraina -- June 27, 1930
    [Ukrainians Urged to Go to School]

    In Chicago there are twenty-five evening high schools. One may study in these schools without any obligation whatsoever. Everything that is taught in the daily city high schools is being taught therein.

    Those who would like to obtain some more knowledge may enroll in these schools. On completing the five years of study one will receive a diploma of the same value as is given in the day schools.

    In these schools 52,493 pupils have enrolled from the age of 17 to 73 years.

    One can rest assured that among those thousands of graduates, there is probably not one Ukrainian and if there are some, then one could count them on one's fingers.

    That is why we are so much oppressed; why we struggle so much both here and there and continue to pull the yoke of hardships with us, because we do not appreciate the value of education and culture sufficiently enough.

    In Chicago there are twenty-five evening high schools. One may study in these schools without any obligation whatsoever. Everything that is taught in the daily city high schools is being ...

    Ukrainian
    I A 1 a