The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Sichovi Visty -- July 13, 1918
    Short Review of the Sitch Organization in the United States

    [This applies to Chicago, the Sitch Center since 1920]

    Thanks to the Interim Sitch Committee, the first Sitch convention was called on November 11, 1916, in New York City, and from almost everywhere in the United States, delegates from Ukrainian organizations and associations rallied to establish the Ukrainian Sitch Organization in the United States.

    According to Sitch custom, the convention at that time elected the following Sitch officers: Head Commander, M. Rybak, Philadelphia, Pa.; Circuit Commander, V. Serbey, Allentown, Pa.; Assistant Circuit Commander, P. Zadoretsky, New York City; Secretaries, L. Stachursky, Jersey City, N. J.; V. Koval, Philadelphia, Pa.

    These officers were entrusted with leading the Sitch organization, and they publicly declared upon their honor that they would rather die than stray from or become lax in, the duties placed upon them. From the zeal and 2sincere determination of that sparkling youth, one could easily conclude that there was no power in the world which could stop them from their work in the Sitch field.

    With gladness and satisfaction, the delegates parted with full persuasion and firm faith that in the near future the Sitch bugle would blow, the strawberry-colored banner would be hoisted, hatchet and canes would flash, and simultaneously with this, our youth would wake up from their slumber to a better life, which will start its ant-like work in the Sitch field all over America.

    It has been almost two years since the Sitch organization was established. Just a few swore to be faithful to the Sitch cause. Yet, outside all the impediments on the part of our own and foreigners (for it is a known fact that Sitch organization does not appeal to everybody), the Sitch movement in America did not perish, but on the contrary, recently proved to be greater than ever.

    Up to the present time, the following independent Sitch athletic branches 3joined the main Sitch organization:

    No. 1. Sitch of B. Chmelnylsky, New York, N. Y.

    No. 2. Sitch of P. Doroshenko, Allentown, Pa.

    No. 3. Sitch of I. Mazepa, Jersey City, N. J.

    No. 4. Sitch of P. Polubotok, Philadelphia, Pa.

    No. 5. Sitch of P. Sahaydachny, Bridgeport, Conn.

    No. 6. Sitch of M. Pavlyk, Bayonne, N. J.

    No. 7. Sitch of M. Zaliznyak, Brooklyn. N. Y.

    No. 8. Sitch of Ivan Franko, Berwick, Pa.

    No. 9. Sitch of I. Samiylovich, Manchester, N. H.

    No. 10. Sitch of F. Sevchenko, Cohoes, N. Y.

    No. 11. Sitch of M. Drahomaniw, Ansonia, Pa.

    No. 12. Sitch of P. Mohyla, McIntyre, Pa.

    No. 13. Sitch of B. Chmelnytzky, Chicago, Ill.

    No. 14. Sitch of I. Gonta, New Britain, Conn.

    The Sitch officers entertain high hopes that with the publishing of the Sitch News, the first issue of which you now read, the Sitch movement will not only 4come back to life, but will be bettered and spread wherever the last spark of love for the native fatherland, Ukrainia, is not as yet extinguished. They further believe that the Sitch branches will support our work with all their might. It is on you that the future of our periodical depends, which will bring to your home a sincerely warm Sitch greeting.

    [This applies to Chicago, the Sitch Center since 1920] Thanks to the Interim Sitch Committee, the first Sitch convention was called on November 11, 1916, in New York City, and ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, III B 4
  • Ukraina -- August 01, 1918
    Ukrainian Chorus Offers Services in Cause of Patriotism

    The Ukrainian singing society "Boyan", which led in the singing of thirty different nationalities at the All-American Celebration of the Council of Foreign Language Women at the La Salle hotel on Tuesday, has offered its services for patriotic community singing in any locality, according to an announcement made by Mrs. Constantine Howard, executive secretary of the council.

    The only stipulation made, is that if performances occur in the daytime, the members of the chorus must be compensated for loss of pay through absence from work, and that the national song of Ukrainia must be included in the program.

    Mrs. Stephen Hryniewiecka is the leader of the chorus.

    The Ukrainian singing society "Boyan", which led in the singing of thirty different nationalities at the All-American Celebration of the Council of Foreign Language Women at the La Salle hotel ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 1 a, I G
  • Sichovi Visty -- August 15, 1918
    Why Was the Ukrainian Siege Organization Established in America By J. Sharowsky, Siege Secretary

    Some individuals think that the Siege was established by a group seeking honors and titles as Siege officers. As a result of this it is no wonder that although it is almost two years since the Siege was established, only a comparatively small number realize its real purpose.

    When we look more closely into the life of the immigrant, we notice that all nationality groups have their organizations in order to get together now and then. The so-called athletic organizations draw our attention particularly. There is hardly a foreign national group in this country that won't recognize the value of physical drills and athletics. For instance, let us take the Czechs. They take particular care in training their youth. Therefore, it is no wonder that when one visits a Czech Eagle lodge one cannot help but noticing how the old mothers bring their 2children to the drills.

    Why? Because they know that physical drills build a healthy body, beautifys it, develop perserverance, and add years to one's life. If children are healthy, so will be the nation, and this applies to any nation. Let us turn our attention to ourselves. Who of us ever thought of the blessings brought about by athletics? It has been over thirty years since our immigration started into this country, and nobody has ever mentioned anything seriously about athletics yet. All of us seem to look at it indifferently, although there are many who know that for us Ukrainians it is indispensably necessary; yet during all that time they did not do anything in this direction. Meanwhile, our youth, feeling the necessity of physical drill, joined clubs hostile to us, for the sake of gymnastics. This is why today we find a number of Ukrainians in the ranks of the Polish Eagle organization. They speak Polish as fluently as if they did not know their native language or neglected it. And today we complain that our Ukrainians read Polish newspapers and speak their language, but we do not try to find the cause of this evil, and even though we see it, we are ashamed to tell 3ourselves the truth straight from the shoulder, that this is our own fault.

    The saying goes: Bend the tree while it is young. So, if we had undertaken that work right from the start, then today, positively we would exceed twice 500,000 immigrants, for we emigrated in a far greater number than they actually give us credit for. Alas, many foreign elements unjustly claim any number of Ukrainina immigrants. To counteract this situation at least in part, we established the Siege Organization, which has for its object the training of the Ukrainian Youth, both physically and spiritually. Everyone of us already know that in a sound body there is a sound mind.

    The Siege organization answers all the requirements of the Ukrainian nation. Therefore, there should not be found a single one from among us that should join an encampment hostile to us. There is among us our own organization. The officers of the Siege Organization will do everything in their power to attain this aim. From now on we cannot complain any longer that there is not any organization of this kind among ourselves. Take advantage of it, everyone of you; take advantage of this accomplishment, which is established through you, for you, and among you.

    Some individuals think that the Siege was established by a group seeking honors and titles as Siege officers. As a result of this it is no wonder that although it ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, I A 1 a, II B 3, III G, I C
  • Sichovi Visty -- September 16, 1918
    Protocol of the Ukrainian Convention of the Siege Organization Officers in the United States

    [Note: This applies to Chicago, the Siege center since 1920]

    The convention of the Siege organization officers took place on Sunday, August 25, 1918, at 1 P.M., at the Ukrainian National Hall, 217-219 East 6th Street, New York, N. Y.

    Peter Zadoretsky opened the meeting with a short speech. John Boyko, from Bridgeport, was elected Siege organization officer in the United States; Korese, chairman of the meeting; and Alexander Hyssa, his secretary.

    W. Serbay, an officer of the organization, made a motion which was seconded, and the meeting decided that it be called an annual meeting. Carried.

    2

    Then they took count of those present. Besides the officers, there were many guests, especially Siege members of New York. Reading of the minutes was followed by ardent discussion. Finally, they came to the conclusion that the officers of the Siege Organization did everything possible for the good of the organization in the United States, for which they were complimented.

    They also discussed the results of the Siege festival which took place on July 14, 1918. After a lively discussion, the matter was settled and it was proved that the Siege Organization did not have anything to do with the affair which took place between M. Sitchynsky and I. Dobryansky, and that the Siege Organization, and particularly the New York Branch which took charge of that festival, did not know anything about Mr. Hundiak's distributing rudely satirical handbills against Mr. Sitchynsky, or that the latter wanted to speak at the Siege festival. Consequently, all the 3gossip written in the National Will are without foundation.

    Then followed the business of the Siege News, and after a long discussion it was resolved, (1) that the Siege organ, the Siege News, continue, as at present, to be published once a month; (2) that the Siege newspaper shall not infringe upon any Ukrainian political party nor any of the benevolent societies; (3) that the Siege newspaper must take an impartial stand; (4) that the Siege newspaper's purpose is to propagate spiritual and physical culture among the Ukrainian people in America; (5) that the Siege newspaper has no right to insert and publish any propaganda whereby the Ukrainian people as a whole may be misled.

    Simultaneously it was resolved that the Siege News shall publish free of charge any advertisement of the branches of the Siege organization.

    4

    Further, it was resolved that it is the duty of every branch of the Ukrainian Siege Organization to contribute ten dollars to the press fund; and further, that it is the duty of every Siege member of both sexes to read the Siege News and to get new subscribers. As a result, they elected an editorial committee, as follows: M. Diachyshyn, Editor; V. Vintoniak, treasurer; A. Hyssa, secretary.

    Taking advantage of this opportunity, they resolved that the General Siege Convention should take place on Labor Day, 1919, in the City of New York.

    Basil Serbay was elected head organizer of the Siege branches in the United States of America.

    The meeting having finished its outlined program, John Boyko called upon those present to contribute freely to the press fund, to which they answered with generous contributions.

    5

    The meeting ended with the Siege hymn "Yonder on the mountain, the Siege is marching."

    Alexander Hyssa, secretary

    [Note: This applies to Chicago, the Siege center since 1920] The convention of the Siege organization officers took place on Sunday, August 25, 1918, at 1 P.M., at the Ukrainian ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, II B 2 d 1, III B 4, III H
  • Ukraina -- October 12, 1918
    In Memoriam

    The angel of death that visits Chicago did not forget to pay a visit to a Ukrainian family.

    On October 4, at 7 A.M., this unmerciful angel of death came unexpectedly to the home of our beloved Father Osyp Kuzma and took his immaculate soul to eternity, leaving a remembrance after his frightful visit: to his dearest wife, to all his co-nationalists, friends and acquaintances, to members of the Ukrainian National Church of the Blessed Trinity on Erie near Robey Street, to friends by calling, the Ukrainian National priests and to all the Ukrainian National Churches of America, as well as to our dear Ukrainia of which the deceased was a true son and an honorable and a loyal worker.

    The late Father Osyp was born on the 16th of November, 1889, in Zolochiv, Ukrainian Galicia, under an old black peasant roof.

    2

    The parents of the deceased were Daniel and Catherine, who though being poor, decided to give everything they had in order that their son Osyp might receive a higher education. So, on completing the fourth grade in the national school, his parents sent Osyp to a gymnasium school, where the deceased was an outstanding student almost every year. It was thus until he reached seventh grade. Being a student in the seventh grade, the late Father Osyp very well understood the maltreatment of the Ukrainian people by the Poles, which he witnessed with his own eyes and then he began to help them morally. On every occasion he went to the neighboring villages, to the libraries, where he gave lectures, encouraging the youth to work among themselves. At times the late Father Osyp traveled with Ukrainin lectures, mostly before elections, and agitated in favor of the Ukrainian candidates for the senate. To add to the misfortune, evil was threatening. Surprising news began to seep through the school officials against Father Osyp; accusing him of being a "haydamak," (robber). Following this news began the investigations 3of the Polish professors and even of our own; and hence a command to cease his activity. Having an inborn love for liberty and truth, the future Father Osyp, with his parents' consent, gave up his gymnasium studies, and bade farewell to his native home and his dearest countrymen, departing for the world beyond the wide sea, America, where he knew, was liberty, in which the deceased expected to find internal contentment.

    A poor man is always poor, says our watchword. This proverb particularly concerned the late Father Osyp. On coming to America, Father Osyp found himself abandoned, like a boat on the wild sea. No family nor friends nor acquaintances. In time he became acquainted with some of our intelligent people. Mostly the priests turned from the deceased without much faith, saying that he was an exile, loving none not even himself.

    So "keep away from him, people!"

    He was refused by his own.

    4

    Yet other people who recognized the usefulness of Father Osyp interested themselves in him and tried to give him some work wherever possible.

    After learning the English language a little, the late Father Osyp enrolled in a business college at Wilkes Barre, Pa., striving one way or another to add to his knowledge, thus making his meager livelihood.

    In 1915 Father Osyp came to Milwaukee, Wis., where he got a job in a store. In the evenings he began to attend Marquette University.

    Through the good will of influential persons, the late Father Osyp began teaching in the Hanover Street public school and, besides this, he taught in the preparatory class for the citizens' papers. The deceased worked hard, without complaining against the bitter lot, being modest in self praise of his work.

    5

    He only desired that his work should benefit others and only others, and that at the same time it should bring to him some livelihood. But he is a Ukrainian, he must work for the Ukrainian people, for the honest community.

    With fire in his soul he devoted himself to studying the occupations and positions of our people in America in every walk of life. Their Father Osyp studied the situation of the Ukrainians in America, and noticed a new trend, this being the movement for the national church.

    When he became a priest, Father Osyp (Joseph) was the happiest person in the world. "I could draw the whole world to my heart now, together with my friends and enemies," he said after he was ordained. "Granted health and strength, I believe that I will be able to do most everything for my dear Ukrainia and her children. I do not fear the enemies. They are not frightful to me, because I believe in the victory of light 6over darkness. I believe in triumph of the blessed truth over the cursed lie. I believe in the resurrection of the Ukrainian people from their dark tomb, into which the enemies gradually pushed our people, i. e., into spiritual darkness, ignorance and the national unconsciousness sown among them for centuries, which helped and even today helps to torture our dear Ukrainia."

    This is the thought the closed lips of Father Osyp utters today, while in his eyes one could see the fire burning for the love and willingness of his young life to become an offering on the altar of our dear Ukrainia and of all her oppressed Ukrainian people.

    As a priest, Father Osyp (Joseph) believed he could do a great deal of good for his people here in America. Within a few months Father Osyp made acquaintance with the most influential Americans, who honored and valued him even though he was young. Father Osyp was the first Ukrainian in Chicago who really knew how to interest Americans in the Ukrainians, before whom he oftentimes spoke in the English language. Father Osyp 7would announce the Ukrainian name wherever he could, and would represent our people as the nicest in the world. He worked the best he could and as a reward for his work in the national cause, he gathered sneers and reproaches from jealous enemies and blind fanatics, who today rejoice at the opportunity of his death, unappreciative to the late Father Osyp's true patriotism and work in the Ukrainian National Church field.

    Rejoice, Oh enemies! but know you that the dirt you throw at Father Osyp does not fall on him, but on yourselves. There will come the time when you will become conscious of yourselves and become ashamed of yourselves.

    And you, dear friend, brother and Father Osyp, may you rest in peace. May this free American soil that you loved so much as first after dear Ukrainia, be as light as a feather, and a remembrance unto you. May his memory among the Ukrainian people live from year to year evermore.

    The angel of death that visits Chicago did not forget to pay a visit to a Ukrainian family. On October 4, at 7 A.M., this unmerciful angel of death came ...

    Ukrainian
    IV, III C, I C
  • Ukraina -- January 02, 1919
    Join the Ranks of the Federation of Ukrainians

    It is a sacred obligation to every conscious Ukrainian at this time, during the fight for our people and independence, the freedom and independence of the Ukrainian people to organize into one honest and responsible national organization that will use all the strength of the Ukrainian immigration for service to its native country.

    Our whole people and our native country are demanding from all of us the immigrants this service and help.

    The Federation of Ukrainians is our earnest, honest national organization on American soil which will in the best and the approved way lead all the Ukrainian immigrants to fulfill their duties to the native land. So let us all join the ranks of the Federation of Ukrainians!

    Sign up, men and women, boys and girls. Fill the ranks of the Federation of Ukrainians. Give proof that there is not one Ukrainian soul among 2you which at this moment of need and great demand of the Ukrainian nation will not come in a large group to the service and aid of Ukrainia.

    Every Ukrainian society, every brotherhood, every sisterhood, every organization, every Ukrainian corporation or enterprise ought to join also the Federation of Ukrainians.

    All our people in the United States have to go under the Ukrainian national banner and thus create one strong, undivided front, like the war front that our fathers and mothers, our brothers and sisters made among themselves, in our native country, defending the freedom of the Ukrainian nation and the Ukrainian soil before the foreign invasion.

    The banner of the Federation of Ukrainians is the same as the banner under which gathers the mass of the Ukrainian working people in Ukrainia.

    3

    In joining the Federation of Ukrainians you declare and obligate yourselves that you will, with all your strength and means, work together and help, so that the Ukrainian people may be free and independent.

    That there may be an independent national Ukrainian republic on Ukrainian soil;

    That the people may have their rights in the Ukrainian republic;

    That the fields may be divided among the masses of the villagers;

    That there may be no exhaustive work and no abuse of the workers;

    That women may be assured of the same rights that the men have;

    That in the world democracy, right and truth may reign.

    Associating and working under the banner of the Federation of Ukrainians, you shall help not only the Ukrainian people and their country, but the 4mass of working people, as well as yourself and the entire humanity.

    To put over some big plan, power is needed. Power can be created only through organization.

    So, Ukrainian brothers and sisters, organize yourselves in the Federation of Ukrainians. There should be no place left wherever the Ukrainians live that a branch of the Federation of Ukrainians could not be organized. Through thorough and broad organizing work the Ukrainian immigration in America will succeed in putting over a big deed.

    The yearly dues to the Federation is one dollar. The yearly subscription of Ukrainia, issued in Chicago, is $1.50

    The Federation newspaper will always have accurate news about the work of the Federation, and pointers as to what every member should do at all times for the common national cause.

    So, get busy, Ukrainians. Set yourselves to work, to organize the lodges of said Federation in all locations.

    5

    Join quickly yourselves and encourage and bring your friends as soon as possible.

    All the Ukrainian societies and all the Ukrainian people of Chicago and suburbs that care to join the Federation, wishing for more information, are requested to send inquiries to the editor's office of Ukraina, 2152 W. Chicago Avenue, Chicago. The district committee of the Federation of Ukrainians now share offices with the Ukraina.

    Ukraina has in stock primary readers and books for higher grades. Order them now and teach your children your native language.

    It is a sacred obligation to every conscious Ukrainian at this time, during the fight for our people and independence, the freedom and independence of the Ukrainian people to organize ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2
  • Ukraina -- January 02, 1919
    The Newspaper Ukraina Is to Become the Property of the Federation of Ukrainians

    At the general meeting of the shareholders of the Ukrainian Publishing Company in Chicago, on the 25th of December 1918, in the hall at Erie and Robey Streets, Dr. Stephen Hryniewiecky and Mr. P. Radyk (from Canada) moved to sell the newspaper Ukraina, together with the printing shop and with all its machinery and stock, to the Federation of Ukrainians for the sum that was owned by the company; and this was passed unanimously.

    The remaining debt of the company amounts to $1,800. All the shareholders present at the meeting moved and accepted that they leave their shares for the good of the Federation of Ukrainians. Among the present share-owners there are a great many who have shares in larger amounts: $100, $150, $200, $250, and $300. They voluntarily and willingly obligated themselves to leave their shares for the good of the Federation of Ukrainians under one condition: That the newspaper Ukraina, a future committee organ 2of the Federation, would be issued in Chicago.

    At the general meeting of the share owners, it was recommended also that the directors of the company speed up the transactions with the executive committee of the Federation.

    Those present represented more than two thirds of the shareholders of the Ukrainian Publishing Company.

    At the general meeting of the shareholders of the Ukrainian Publishing Company in Chicago, on the 25th of December 1918, in the hall at Erie and Robey Streets, Dr. Stephen ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 2 d 1, III B 2
  • Ukraina -- January 16, 1919
    On Entering and Leaving the United States

    In certain circles there are conflicting thoughts that the immigrant's sojourn depends on his signing or failure to sign his intention to return to this country.

    In order to correct this disputed question, the State Department says that all the rights and privileges of foreigners for coming in and going out remain as formerly. On no occasion are the foreigners allowed either to come into or leave the United States unless they abide by these rules. It appears that these rules will be enforced until the proclamation of world peace, if no longer.

    No one has any right to make any plans for crossing the ocean or accepting money as a down payment for ocean tickets with any promise, clear or self-understood, nor to grant the right to leave the United States. Only the government officials, authorized by the State Department, have the right to grant such permission, and even they cannot assure 2anyone beforehand that permission will be granted. Those wanting to depart should make application in the proper department, the one nearest to his city and not at the port from which he intends to leave. The applicant should not leave his city until he receives the department's permission to leave the United States.

    In certain circles there are conflicting thoughts that the immigrant's sojourn depends on his signing or failure to sign his intention to return to this country. In order to correct ...

    Ukrainian
    III G, III H
  • Ukraina -- January 23, 1919
    To the Ukrainian Workingmen, Members, and Sympathizers of the Federation of Ukrainians in America

    Brother Ukrainians!

    As you all know it was resolved at the second Ukrainian congress in Washington, D. C., that the executives of the Federation of Ukrainians take under consideration the case of transferring the Chicago weekly, Ukraina, which is to become the organ of the Federation of Ukrainians in the United States.

    This resolution of the Congress is not yet carried out. We expect that the executives of the Federation will do everything in their power to take over the Ukraina and its property.

    Brother workingmen! You know very well that the Federation of Ukrainians was started a long time ago, and progressed slowly, not the way we should like to see it. The chief reason is that the Federation did 2not have its own paper that would stand for the interest of the Ukrainian workingmen in America.

    The newspaper Ukraina, issued in Chicago, though it was altogether an independent newspaper, never committed itself against the ideals that the Federation of Ukrainians had upheld, but always sided with it in a friendly way. Sometimes it had to raise a few questions which touched the Federation of Ukrainians in their voice of criticism on certain matters.

    Now, when Ukraina is to become the newspaper of the Federation of Ukrainians, it is the obligation not only of the members and sympathizers, but of every conscious workingman to spread and to back up the newspaper Ukraina.

    A good example was set in this direction by the shareholders of the Ukrainian Publishing Company in Chicago, owners of the newspaper Ukraina, 3who resolved to leave their shares with the Federation of Ukrainians if only the newspaper Ukraina would go to the Federation of Ukrainians.

    So you, too, Ukrainian workingmen, do your share for this cause!

    Order for yourselves the newspaper Ukraina and induce others to do this. Collect advertisements, give all kinds of printing work to the printing company of the Ukraina, sponsor concerts, dances, and other entertainments for the newspaper Ukraina.

    Thus we shall not only insure the existence of the needed Ukrainian newspaper for ourselves in these parts, but also we shall be able to effect the coming out of the Ukraina more often, and in the near future we shall find that our weekly Ukraina will become a daily paper.

    Through ardent work, and willingness, this will not be a hard thing to do. Let us keep under consideration that in Chicago alone there are a 4few thousand copies of Polish newspapers bought by the Ukrainian people.

    Surely, the Ukrainians would rather find out all the world news from their own Ukrainian daily than from our Polish enemy papers.

    When we reach this point we can boldly bring the Ukrainian cause as well as that of the Ukrainian workingmen's cause to equal our enemies, and go to fight for our beautiful national banner, for thee, our free Ukrainia! Long live and grow the Federation of Ukrainians in the United States! Long live and grow the newspaper Ukrainia.

    Yours for the cause,

    Elias Szkwarok.

    Brother Ukrainians! As you all know it was resolved at the second Ukrainian congress in Washington, D. C., that the executives of the Federation of Ukrainians take under consideration the ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 2 d 1, III B 4, I C, III B 2
  • Ukraina -- February 01, 1919
    To the Ukrainian Women and Girls in Chicago and Suburbs

    The enemy is destroying our native land. Our fathers, our husbands and our brothers are dying from bullets, fire, and in jails, and our mothers and our sisters are dying from starvation, and disease. Do we, Ukrainian women and girls have to sit still and only by crying soothe our wounded hearts.

    No! Once again no!

    It is the duty of our tender women to help our native country in its misfortunes.

    This we have to do with combined strength of all the women in America - then our help will be useful and effective in these times of needs.

    Let us take other nations into consideration, how their women work and help their native land and its nation.

    We see everywhere, the Czech, Slovak, Polish, womens' organizations in America. Have they not taken practically all the burdens of their native country upon 2themselves and done it very sincerely and eagerly?

    The same should be done by the Ukrainian women in America for our Ukrainia.

    Our second obligation - which already is flowing from our womens' soul and brains - is, that with their might they strive to raise women in the eyes of civilization, so that women receive the same rights as men in their private community, and political life. When the women of all nations become experienced, educated, and will take the same part in community and political life, then surely there will be no wars, there will be none of these misfortunes and destruction, which wars bring upon us.

    A woman, educated, and with the same rights endowed, will ennoble the commonalty and lead it to a real human progress.

    We want to lead Ukrainia to true progress.

    In order that the Ukrainian women may fulfill these two obligations, they have to join the women's organizations and societies.

    3

    One person alone seldom did reach or found anything big in the world. In organization there is strength, which can surmount most difficulties in doing big things.

    In our immigration in the United States, there is one womens' organization, namely, "Union of the Ukrainian Women."

    The women's union decided in the very beginning to be profitable to everybody, in the form of a benefit organization, therefore the greatest possible number of our Ukrainian women, in the whole territory of the United States, where our immigrants live, should unite under its banner.

    Besides its clean human program - giving moral and material aid to its members in times of misfortune and grief,- "The Union of Ukrainian Women in America" resolved itself to carry out chief ideal undertakings:

    (a) To spread education among the Ukrainian women and girls;

    (b) To educate our women as to their obligations in their social and community rights.

    The task of the women's society is to put Ukrainian women and girls in America in 4a position wherein she can carry out every phase of the national work.

    Dear Sisters!

    "Organize and unite yourselves for the big cause! " Organize womens' societies and join in throngs the "Union of Ukrainian Women in America."

    The opportune time has come when the women cannot sit any longer afraid, with their hands crossed, but must act as a live and worthy human being that wants to take part in the broader life of this wide world.

    A big and honorable reward for all the women's efforts, so also for you, Ukrainian sisters, will be this strong center, to which all the true Ukrainian women and girls in America will add their strength to the mass work of the "Union of Ukrainian Women in America".

    The enemy is destroying our native land. Our fathers, our husbands and our brothers are dying from bullets, fire, and in jails, and our mothers and our sisters are dying ...

    Ukrainian
    I G, I K, III B 2, II D 1, I A 1 a