The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

Filter by Date

  • "The Immigrants' Troubles," Scrapbook of D. Popovich -- March 02, 1929
    (No headline)

    The life of our people in America is full of trouble. The immigrants' only refuge from grief is his songs, but he cannot be singing all the time. He has not yet decided what he wants to do, whether to return to the old country or to stay here. If he goes back,- not so good. If he stays here, - not so good either. Our people's eyes are always turned in the direction where the old country lies. That country was the immigrants birth-place, and it reared him. No power exists which can make him forget the old country. On the other hand this country, America, gives him his bread and butter and offers him an opportunity to become independent. So though his feet are on American soil, his heart and his soul are still over there.

    Most of our people are very generous. They have sacrificed much for the old 2country. They have lent a helping hand to their poor friends and relatives over there. They went back to serve as volunteers in the war and contributed money for war-time necessities. They donate large sums of money for everything that is Serbian.

    Our compatriots are known as hard workers and savers. They try their best to save something from their meager pay-checks and send part of it across the Atlantic to their old country banks where it is probably lost. Then some unscrupulous rascals come here and swindle them out of the rest of their savings. And now the depression has come, with lack of work and no more savings. All this has made the Serbian hard-boiled and selfish. Our people have contributed to causes of all sorts, to the church, to education, to benevolent enterprises, until they have nothing left. They have scattered money right and left by handfuls and by sackfuls. Our people have contributed huge sums for conventions 3and annual meetings and have received nothing in return. And right now we have another instance to report. Just a few days ago we received an invitation to be present at a church convention, where, as we heard, our church leaders intend to solicit from ten to twenty thousand for a new bell and building repairs. We should like to know who is responsible for this situation.

    Dushan Popovich.

    The life of our people in America is full of trouble. The immigrants' only refuge from grief is his songs, but he cannot be singing all the time. He has ...

    Serbian
    III G, III C, III H, II D 10, III A, I A 2 c, I D 2 c, I G
  • Scrapbook of D. Popovich -- May 13, 1929
    "Noble Souls,"

    The suffering immigrant should be pronounced a saint.

    Our immigrant cannot stand the cry of his poor relatives in the old country; he is carrying a heavy load in supporting his family, and yet he always finds something to contribute to our numerous organizations. It seems that everybody is eager to exploit his hospitality and his open heart.

    Our immigrant, despite all his hardships, still manages to be a real Christian and support his church. But too much is too much. Before the war we had three priests in America, and now, after the war, we have forty-three. Our church leaders in Belgrade watch carefully that our souls shall be saved, and they export more and more priests. They do not send us writers, professors, teachers, doctors,--in other words, the intellectuals of whom we are so sorely in need. They send only soul-savers, and we are supposed to thank them for this favor.

    Father Zika says, "Watch your soul, for if you lose your soul, you lose everything."

    Socialists and communists say: "Workers work six days a week and rest on 2the seventh day. Priests work only one day a week and rest six days. The rich do not work at all but rest on all seven days of the week."

    This is a free country. Let every man think and live in his own way.

    The suffering immigrant should be pronounced a saint. Our immigrant cannot stand the cry of his poor relatives in the old country; he is carrying a heavy load in supporting ...

    Serbian
    III C, I B 3 c, III G, III H, I E
  • United Serbians -- March 20, 1934
    Dedication of Church Banner

    It is a very seldom practiced custom for our colonies to dedicate church banners.

    In the early part of our colonial life this custom was observed, but later it became a rarity. Church banners are emblems of Serbian religious unity. But nowadays you hardly can see those banners carried out of the church.

    Banner-carriers usually were selected from the ranks of highly respectable members in the colony, and it was considered as a sign of high respect and honor to be a banner-carrier.

    Serbians in Chicago, through many efforts and sacrifices, became the proud owners of the most beautiful church in America, and on Sunday, March 11th, with joy and happiness had a pompous ceremony, the dedication of the new church banner.

    2

    This banner was donated by Mrs. Helen Schysler, who is of German descent but through her marriage has become a devoted member of our church. This banner has been made from very expensive material and represents a beautiful piece of artistic work.

    The dedication took place in a particularly pompous church ceremony, with hundreds of Serbs present.

    Rev. Styachich made a very interesting speech, explaining the meaning of this banner and ceremony.

    A banquet held in the church hall followed the dedication ceremony. Members of the church showed great enthusiasm about the restoration of this almost forgotten custom, still dear to their hearts. Chairman of this banquet was Simo Shakota, president of the church organization.

    The Serbian banner is the emblem of the people's struggle, bloody fights and suffering. Through centuries the Serbs have been fighting for their 3liberty and national unity, always carrying around the banners which they collected from rebellious fighters. Now when their ideal is fulfilled, the banners are stored in churches, and stay as the memory of a very sad past, a silent monument to national heroism.

    (Signed) Simo Shakota.

    It is a very seldom practiced custom for our colonies to dedicate church banners. In the early part of our colonial life this custom was observed, but later it became ...

    Serbian
    I B 4, III C
  • Scrapbook of D. Popovich -- April 16, 1937
    "Eucharistic Congress of Serbian Orthodox Church,"

    The Eucharistic Congress of the Serbian Orthodox Church in America, which convened in the Serbian Monastery at Libertyville on July 4, attracted thousands of people of Serbian extraction from all parts of America--Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Pennsylvania.

    Serbia, and others saw in it a miniature of Yugo-Slavia.

    I say that it was at least something that we could call ours.

    Several prominent speakers delivered addresses on our national unity and on church activity. Among them were General Counsellor Kolombatovich and Mr. Pekich, secretary of Srbobzan.

    We have been informed that a very generous sum of money was collected for the needs of the monastery.

    Dushan Popovich.

    The Eucharistic Congress of the Serbian Orthodox Church in America, which convened in the Serbian Monastery at Libertyville on July 4, attracted thousands of people of Serbian extraction from all ...

    Serbian
    III C
  • Svijet (The World) -- May 07, 1937
    What Situation Will the New Serbian Bishop Find in America?

    Press news indicate that Bishop Gjorgjevic arrived in America to visit the Serbian bishopric which was given to his care. The question arises of whether or not the new bishop will grasp the situation with open eyes. More important is whether the new bishop will remain silent as his predecessor did when he sees everything.

    It is only natural that the new bishop will listen to the mercenaries of Belgrade, who will try to picture the Serbian diocese as a paradise and themselves as angels in it.

    Reports of that sort are made at Belgrade, but these reports were paid from the state's treasury. The aim of these reports was to show that the mercenaries who sent them are the chief factors in keeping the Serbian immigration patriotic and (preserving) faith in the Serbian government, and enthusiasm for the church and religion of their forefathers.

    2

    In testimony of all this, they will show to the bishop articles of the Am. Srboran, the official organ of the Serbian National Union, and laudatory statements of its board members, with whom they are connected.

    To make matters more convincing they will accuse a few of the Serbian priests and make them responsible for anything that is unholy. These priests will be called traitors, devils, absconders from God and religion, from the people and from the national shrines. Such things the new bishop will hear. But he must get information from the other side, too; from people who have a good word for Belgrade, even if they are not paid for their opinion. Some of them claim that Belgrade contributed $100,000 for the Serbian bishopric and nobody knows what became of it.

    Belgrade invested heavily in the monastery at Libertyville. The bishop has to visit that monastery to come to the conclusion as to where the money went. There is a cemetery there. Close to it are huts for dancing and drinking.

    3

    Never in that monastery has there lived one monk, and yet the place was announced by diplomats and mercenaries as a national shrine, a religious shrine, a new Jerusalem. Whoever does not believe in that is considered a traitor, a Judas and absconder.

    The new bishop will find out that the constitution of his diocese does not function. It exists just on paper. All wrongdoings are covered up by the newspaper Am. Srbobran, which is controlled by the priest Sundic and the Serbian diplomacy.

    The new bishop has the power to disentangle the common-law marriages of his priests, which are creating rebellion in the Serbian church in America. If the bishop will neglect to do it for whatever reason, this situation will continue.

    All above was said from best intentions.

    A Member of the Eparchy.

    Press news indicate that Bishop Gjorgjevic arrived in America to visit the Serbian bishopric which was given to his care. The question arises of whether or not the new bishop ...

    Serbian
    III C, III H
  • Underground in America -- [Unknown date]
    (No headline)

    I pray that God may grant me sufficient skill in writing to express to my people in the old country what we know here in America.

    Many people in my native land desire to immigrate to America. which they depict in their imagination as a land of great opportunity and a heaven on earth, just as I did before my arrival here.

    My idea in coming to America was to go underground, into the mines to dig gold, and after spending some time in this labor, to return to the land of my fathers.

    But I see now what a terrible mistake I made by not staying in the old country.

    Life and work are very hard underground without light and air. But still it would not be right to speak against this rich, beautiful and free country, which 2gives equal rights to poor and rich, strong and weak.

    But for us Serbians this land is cold, and our life here is miserable for many reasons.

    We immigrants must forget all that we have learned, and we must so to speak be born again and transport ourselves to another world.

    Because we do not know English, we must work hard to learn it; for English is harder than stone. No language in the whole world is more difficult. Americans speak like toothless old women, like cows chewing hay. Both ears must be kept wide open if you want to understand anything. Your mouth must be twisted, and your tongue squeezed in order to pronounce English words properly. If one is looking for a job and does not have a friend to help him, he may spend three whole years and travel a thousand miles without finding work, and God save him from utter destitution! When you are without work in America, you realize what mistake you made in leaving home. Suppose you get a job in a mine. Then you 3shall see how your health will be ruined, for mines are worse than prisons, and air has to be pumped into them by machinery. Rocks menace you with death, there is none of the sunshine that you love. Candles are forever burning; your eyes are blinded with smoke; poisonous gases fill your lungs. But even this is not the worst, for in summer the mines are filled with water.

    After working in a mine, you will be glad to be a shepherd, eating only one meal a day but breathing the clear, pure air above ground.

    In mines there is eternal night and darkness quickly kills your youth, depletes your energy, endangers your life, and destroys your ambition. We look like dead men, pale and weak.

    Besides working underground, we must cook and do mending and laundering, and there is no time left for the joys of living. So you may see that the life of a miner is worse than the life of a soldier.

    4

    After so bitter an experience I no longer desire to gain gold but only to do something full of life and enjoyment. Let my work be in the sunshine, where there is plenty of pure air, even though the wages be small !

    May this account of my experience help you be wise!

    I pray that God may grant me sufficient skill in writing to express to my people in the old country what we know here in America. Many people in my ...

    Serbian
    III H, III G, I D 2 c, II A 2, I A 3, III C
  • [Association documents] -- [Unknown date]
    Memorial Book: Of Serbian Sisters Zorka

    Under this name, on February 18, 1934, came the reorganization of a very old women's society in South Chicago.

    The general aim of this society is humanity, education, charity and religious propaganda among the younger generation of Serbians in South Chicago and vicinity.

    This society contributes largely to the upkeep of the church and school. It also supports the House for the Blind in Jugoslavia. A number of helpless people have been supplied with food and money.

    Under this name, on February 18, 1934, came the reorganization of a very old women's society in South Chicago. The general aim of this society is humanity, education, charity and ...

    Serbian
    II D 10, III C