The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Progress, Literaturno-Politicheskoye Obozrenie -- June 28, 1893
    The Campaign against the Russo-American Treaty.

    "For us Russians the most important event of the past two weeks has been the publication of the Russian-American Treaty." The writer then gives in a few words the history of attempts to negotiate such a treaty from 1873 to 1886. "Using the panic of the bourgeoisie which followed the events in Chicago in 1886, Russian officials renewed their underground machinations. Until taken up by the Russians the business remained in embryo. The treaty failed in the Senate. Its further history is already known to our readers. At the present time there is in progress active preparation for a new campaign against the treaty. In New York there has been formed an American "Society for Suppression of the Treaty", in Chicago likewise agitation has arisen. . . . The Russian-American League here opens its activity with a public Russian meeting on Saturday in the hall of the Progressive Club, Santer's Hall, corner Johnson and 14th Sts." (The text of the treaty is appended).

    "For us Russians the most important event of the past two weeks has been the publication of the Russian-American Treaty." The writer then gives in a few words the history ...

    Russian
    III B 1, I E, I C
  • Progress, Literaturno-Politicheskoye Obozrenie -- June 28, 1893
    The Russo-American Treaty.

    The magazine denounces the treaty entered into by the United States and Russia which provided for the extradition of criminals. It was feared that it would be used against Russian revolutionaries. "This convention, at the present time and in such a form, is nothing more than an official declaration of the sympathy of the American Government for the Russian Tsar. But back of the American Government there is still the American People."

    "Everywhere Russian immigrants have had the opportunity to arouse public discussion of the treaty the masses have shown themselves to be against it. We cannot call a halt. The treaty must and shall be annulled. Republicans and democrats alike are responsible; the negotiations began under Cleveland, the treaty was ratified by a republican senate with the aid of democratic votes (without which the two-thirds majority could not have been reached). The exchange of ratifications was carried out by Cleveland and Gresham, who insolently laughed at the protests of public opinion. The Russian citizens of America are bound to settle accounts with the venal tsarist satellites at the approaching elections. Russian Jews who vote for 2the republicans will vote for the Russian Tsar, for a system of political, religious and national intolerance, for the persecution of five millions of the Jewish masses. Such a Jewish republican or Jewish democrat every honest man will brand with the shameful name of Judas."

    The magazine denounces the treaty entered into by the United States and Russia which provided for the extradition of criminals. It was feared that it would be used against Russian ...

    Russian
    III B 1, I E, I C
  • Krasnow Scrapbooks -- May 18, 1914
    On Methods of Organizing American Russia.

    Ivan Gorsky, in developing his conception of how the Russian colonies in American should be organized (and who should organize them) shows much clear, practical thinking.

    This question of organizing American Russia was the topic of the day at that time (May, 1914) in the Russkoye Slovo, and Gorsky, begins his letter by objecting to the question "whether organization is at all necessary, and if so should it be of an ecclesiastical or in any way of a religious nature". He feels that it was poor strategy to pose the question thusly. He asserts that the Russian immigration is chiefly a peasant immigration. No industrial workers, no bourgeoisic- entirely raw material, without any political credo; illiterate.

    Gorsky therefore contends that it would be foolish "to entertain notions that the peasants, in their present state of mind on realities would flock to any type of organization". He further shows, and with much insight, that a considerable amount of petty organizational detail 2work would be necessary as foundation,- "and only organizations with material aid in them would insure everybody's sympathy".

    Gorsky boldly states his view on the absurdity of inviting everyone who is desirous of organizing American Russia, irrespective of convictions held by these people. "In my opinion the progressive elements of the Russian Colonies must join their efforts to create a type of a progressive peasant-Industrial organization with Cultural-Educational objectives on the one hand, and material mutual aid on the other hand, not without its Bureau of Information and broad propaganda chiefly on farm labor". Further,-- "Inasmuch as the fates have transformed the peasantry here into Industrial workers their interests are, as a result, bound-up with the interests of the American proletariat, and it is imperative that they go hand-in-hand with the American Trade-Unions." He demands that the leaders of thought in the colony do not hobnob with reactionary Russian forces here: "Inasmuch as the organizations will be progressive they must fight the enemies of progress, tsarist agents and satellites, the well-groomed black-hundreds, whose chief slogan is 'slug the Jew, the alien, and the intellectual'". The job of organizing must be done by 3progressives only, whatever their particular leaning as a progressive may be. He further suggests that while the organization is primarily for industrialized peasants and, as such, is chiefly a 'Russian and National organization' yet this should not mean "Nationalistic" - other nationalities should not be barred from membership if they desire to make themselves useful to the Russian Colony.

    In conclusion, Gorsky summarizes the situation thus:-

    a. "Before developing the viewpoints of Krapotkin or Marx to the Russian Muzhik it is necessary to teach him reading, writing, and at least a little of thinking."Afterwards one may go ahead and "treat the peasant to the luxuries of collectivism and communistic anarchism".

    b. That progressive non-partisan organizations will have greater success because they are more popular, more lasting, better attended.He also urges autonomy for each organization.

    (Note; This article shows the difficulties facing Russian organizations.)

    Ivan Gorsky, in developing his conception of how the Russian colonies in American should be organized (and who should organize them) shows much clear, practical thinking. This question of organizing ...

    Russian
    I C, II D 1, I E
  • Krasnow Scrapbooks -- June 04, 1914
    (Correspondence) On Organizing.

    This article signed for Russian Immigrants, written in a rasping, biting style, It is another expression on the topic of Methods of organizing American Russia. The opening sentence is typical of the exasperated, but intelligent Russian. He arraigns the local leaders of the colony for their large intentions but small achievements.

    "Already for seven or eight years the idea of self-help organization, akin to the "Arbeiter Ring", has been hovering among the Russian laborers; many of them are members of Jewish, Irish, or German organizations", because one of their own is, as yet, non-existent.

    He does not deny the fact (as he sees it) - that the Russian immigrants, chiefly peasents, need an organization which would first and foremost help him materially. The Russian immigrant needs a job,needs practical advice, needs protection, language, then, in most difficult moments he needs assistance in cash.In this direction, organization should -2be steered... What nonsense to meditate on nationalism under such conditions. Russia has numerous nationalities, and if organizers will stress one to the exclusion or neglect of the other, such an organization will die at birth".

    Should the organization be ecclesiastical? Those who have such needs will be ministered to for a small consideration in Temples of religion specially designed for such purposes....The same may be said of the importance of political leanings in organizations.-- "I can be a socialist, an anarchist, a monarchist, a republican, and at the same time a member of a sport-club or be insured in any Insurance Company I may choose. Why cannot I, a socialist, be a member of an organization, whose goal it is to extend material and moral assistance to Russian immigrants"?

    The writer asks his compatriots why they could not accomplish, what Germans, Italians, Irish, Finnish, Letts, etc., have long since 3accomplished... "It would seem that we alone are incapable of even imitating those others,- we are so busy caucusing, cursing or worshipping those worthless little deities, which we have brought along with us from our half-savage fatherland".

    In conclusion, the writer apparently somewhat relieved from the accumulated pressure, gives somewhat more moderate council saying, that "if an organization with far-reaching objectives is beyond the strength of those who started it why not be content with a more Bureau of Information, just so that you steer in the beginning for the strictly material needs of the population instead of cultural educational. Unemployed, hungry,--one thinks little of culture. Without anchor, entirely dependent on chance one does inquire into universities, but after some degree of material security. Schools, universities, -- they can only be next in importance".

    This article signed for Russian Immigrants, written in a rasping, biting style, It is another expression on the topic of Methods of organizing American Russia. The opening sentence is typical ...

    Russian
    I C, II D 1, I E
  • Tropinka (Pathway) -- October 01, 1914
    The Difficulties of a Russian Press in Chicago.

    "It is not easy to start an organ wherever one wishes. Especially, of course in Russia. The censor, prohibitions, arrests--all these face those who wish to publish anything. Therefore, in Russia there can be no complaint with the lack of sympathy. While here in the country of freedom of speech, people who have foresaken Russia in this struggle for freedom of speech, upon the first effort at this selfsame freedom, fall into ways which recall involuntarily the words of our poet: 'In place of the chains of serfdom, men have laid on other chains'.

    Is it not strange? In a 'free' country people hinder the printed word. Strange but true.

    Conservatism, skeptical smiles, ugly predictions are met at the very first attempt at publication. That is why in such a city as Chicago, with a large Russian population, with a considerable number of political emigrants and intelligentsia in general, there have been up to now neither Russian papers or Russian magazines, while every Russian organ, every printed word of Russian, is literally gobbled up."

    "It is not easy to start an organ wherever one wishes. Especially, of course in Russia. The censor, prohibitions, arrests--all these face those who wish to publish anything. Therefore, in ...

    Russian
    II B 2 d 1, I C
  • Krasnow Scrapbooks -- February 02, 1916
    On the Russian Aid Society in Melrose Park, Ill.

    This article brings to the attention of the Russian reader the struggle for power in the above mentioned society and the struggle between its reactionary and progressive members. It tells of the lull in this struggle after a period of excitement over the preposterous acts of the officers, who struck the names of the members from the rolls without giving any reason for such acts, and forcibly removed members from meetings in like fashion. But then a general meeting was held to elect officers, to report on the latter half of 1915, etc. (January 23, 1916).

    The rule of this society was not to read at a general meeting the individual monthly report with all its petty details; this time, however, 2by request of the majority, these reports of the past months were read. The nonsense in which this leadership indulged was astounding. Here is one example: "At an affair one member gives his hat to the wardrobe, the worker there does not collect the dime for it, this member therefore, causes moral and material damage to the organization."

    The matter is chewed over and argued for more than thirty minutes without arriving at a conclusion, yet nothing at all is said about $5 which disappeared from the buffet cash book, or that the affair given by the organization resulted in a $4.95 deficit. On the whole, as this meeting clearly demonstrated, the organization barely makes ends meet, has only $4 in the treasury, although it was fortunate not to have death benefits to pay, and of the sixty members only two received sick benefit for nine weeks each, $4 per week.

    The writer laments the fate of this organization which "was conceived 3as an expression of democratic tendencies, turned republican later, but is now of purely monarchistic passions."

    "Instead of marching towards a bright future, changing an autocratic system, we are now inducting just such a system into our organization," since "a resolution was adopted at this meeting that the chairman of the organization be vested with unlimited power, and is to preside over every meeting."

    A Member.

    This article brings to the attention of the Russian reader the struggle for power in the above mentioned society and the struggle between its reactionary and progressive members. It tells ...

    Russian
    II D 1, I C, I E
  • Krasnow Scrapbooks -- February 07, 1916
    On a Mutual Aid Society

    This article tells of efforts by the Russian Socialist Party to organize non-partisan groups. As the writer proceeds with his report on these efforts, it becomes clear that by non-partisan is meant a combination of all shades of progressive "isms," rather than a blank non-partisan state of mind. The author records the discussion pro and con on non-partisan organizations at two meetings. Those opposing argued that such organizing, which must needs be done by the best workers in the Socialist Party, leaves a non-partisan group. These comrades pointed to the Arbeiter Ring as proof of their contention. "This organization drew off all the active forces of the Jewish Socialists, which weakened, and continues to weaken, the Jewish Socialist movement."

    2

    Those in favor of such organizations pointed to the Social-Democrats of Europe in general, and to the Russian social democracy in particular; it was further pointed out that "such non-partisan groups help us to get nearer to the masses, and to get them nearer to us." One comrade told his experience in organizing a non-partisan club in a Canadian town, with excellent results. And it was further pointed out that although the American-Russian colony never had anything resembling the Arbeiter Ring, yet its Socialist movement in America "is in an extremely weak stage of development."

    Some suggested joining the already existing non-partisan organization rather than organize a new society, the club Znaniye (Knowledge).

    But on a closer examination of its tenets the notion for joining it was shelved. "It appeared that outside of all else it was under the thumb of the local Russian Church, which made such a name for herself by the numerous evil deeds, which approximated even robberies."

    3

    In the club 'Knowledge,' supposedly non-partisan, all nationalities having the privilege of membership, one of the leaders in that club gave the following reply when he was asked whether Jews are accepted as members: "Yes, accepted, only we would put him in such a position that he would go of his own accord." It was further stated that the members have no voice in the rules of the club, the chairman is vested with very broad authority, and it is forbidden to discuss politics at meetings.

    The writer concludes his article by stating that the Russian Socialist Party of Chicago in the end adopted a resolution to the effect that it was desirable to organize a non-partisan mutual aid society, and a committee was named to familiarize the colony with such a plan, to work out a plan of organizing the society and to work out the fundamental points of the society's statute. Then he further explains that "the conception of non-partisan is understood not as a ban on raising political questions but rather as a privilege for any political 4movement to present to the members its views, lectures, reports, etc."

    The division for organizational work was of the opinion that such a society would cement the radical-progressive elements of the Russian colony in Chicago, and will give them an opportunity to live an interesting social life.

    D. K.

    This article tells of efforts by the Russian Socialist Party to organize non-partisan groups. As the writer proceeds with his report on these efforts, it becomes clear that by non-partisan ...

    Russian
    II D 1, I E, I C
  • Krasnow Scrapbooks -- February 17, 1916
    More about the Russian Aid Society

    This article confirms the facts as stated in the article of February 2, 1916. The writer tells of a second meeting held January 30, a continuation of the meeting held on January 23, at which it was revealed that the treasurer was elected irregularly, and the opposition succeeded in forcing a re-election. The possibilities of losing their treasurer so disheartened the other officers that they resigned. As a result an entirely new staff of officers was elected at this meeting. The new officers immediately made the society a progressive organization. "Accordingly, the Program Committee was instructed to arrange lectures, literary evenings, etc. Another committee was installed to collect funds for war victims refugees ... all of which has always been the intention of this society, so that when A. Awikovich made this motion everybody responded warmly."

    2

    In conclusion, the members of the R. A. S. are warned to be alert, active, vigilant, lest the reactionaries catch them napping, and again pull off their sinister tricks. Through their frame-ups the most active workers of the organizations were expelled, every progressive was persecuted.

    This article confirms the facts as stated in the article of February 2, 1916. The writer tells of a second meeting held January 30, a continuation of the meeting held ...

    Russian
    II D 1, I C, I E
  • Krasnow Scrapbooks -- February 18, 1916
    "Fruit of Knowledge" (Club Znaniye)

    Some months ago a new Russian Club was organized in Chicago, and was named KNOWLEDGE (ZNANIYE) its organizer being prelate and the psalm-chanter, Mr. R--ov.

    The fundamental reason or organizing this club was, apparently, the advantage for his holy little business-place, to which the little patriots flocked, and from whom the most honorable Fathers gathered wool.

    The choir for this church was picked from among the club members, who sang very beautifully hymns and songs for a remuneration of kisses, one a-piece, impressed on the forehead by the very Bishop himself.

    One day the little father betook himself with his mission to the nearby suburb Melrose Park, and took his club choir along, to whom it occurred to whip up 2National patriotic feelings by singing "God save the Tsar."

    The listeners began to whistle and to hiss and the singers barely escaped a beating. The choir felt insulted and cleared out. There occurred a second incident, which was even more interesting. These progressive compatriots bethought themselves to give a concert in behalf of refugees, which affair began and ended in true Russian fashion, i. e., in a wholesale drunk--everybody prostrated, "soused," "stewed."

    The collection was large but no account was submitted, although more than a month has passed since the affair.

    One only wonders that our good countrymen, protected by the Russian clergy, singing hymns to the Tsar, should call itself a progressive club!

    Signed,

    Karantinov

    Some months ago a new Russian Club was organized in Chicago, and was named KNOWLEDGE (ZNANIYE) its organizer being prelate and the psalm-chanter, Mr. R--ov. The fundamental reason or organizing ...

    Russian
    III C, II B 2 g, I C
  • Russkaya Pochta -- April 21, 1917
    At the 'Society for Aid to the Russian Revolution'

    On April 13, 1917, at the Sherman Hotel, a gathering of the recently organized "Society for Aid to the Russian Revolution" took place. About sixty persons were present at the gathering. By their formation all the present were an example for Russian organizations: the majority of those people belonged to the so-called "privileged classes," physicians, merchants, etc.

    During the meeting there were debates which called forth a conflict in the society. Several persons who belonged to revolutionary organizations insisted on sending the collected money of the society to deputies of the Soviet of Workers, but the majority of the gathering decided to send it to the Provisional government.

    The minority of those people, as it was reported, seceded from the society.

    On April 13, 1917, at the Sherman Hotel, a gathering of the recently organized "Society for Aid to the Russian Revolution" took place. About sixty persons were present at the ...

    Russian
    I E, I C