The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 02, 1892
    Huge Mass Meeting Held Polish Citizens Protest against Russian Violence

    With the coming of the new year, a meeting was held yesterday for the uplifting of the common good of the Poles in this country and abroad. It was held in the spacious Polish hall at Bradley and Division Streets. This meeting of inquiry and investigation was held in grand style and dealt with things of major importance.

    The out-of-doors was cloudy and filled with sadness. A light drizzle was falling, and the air was sharp and cold. Verily, a day one would not care to be on the outside. Yet, in spite of this, the large Polish hall was filled to capacity. Over two thousand people gathered here. Men of importance and serious minded youths brushed shoulders. Apropos of the new year, the majority of the people were garbed in attire of the day. From observation one could easily see the serious expressions on the faces. This of course was in line with the problems to be discussed.


    On the stage were several priests and a committee of fifteen, which took up the matters of the entire assemblage. This committee was selected from the various administrative bodies of societies, from reliable and noted citizens who were interested in the welfare of the Polish people on the Northwest Side of Chicago. The pastor of the parish of St. Stanislaus Kostki called upon the leading man of the meeting, Mr. Peter Kiolbassa, City Treasurer, who in turn called upon the speakers and introduced them to the crowd.

    The initial speaker, one of the members of the committee of fifteen, was Anthony Rudnicki. In his discussion he brought out the aim of this gathering was to seek a resolution, as soon as it is agreed upon, protesting against the mistreatment of Poles by the Moscow government.

    He said in part: "In order to bring about an effective protest, we more fortunate Poles must get together not only as a group but as a strong force that will be able to ward off any further unjustified treatment of our brothers under the Russian rule. If other nationalities could accomplish their ends by organizing, by working together, we also can duplicate this among ourselves. We are all brothers, whether 3abroad, no matter what part of the country, of here."

    The next speaker was none other than our own professor and accomplished poet, Szczesny Zahajkiewicz. In his flowery, poetical language he explained with much ardour the crisis the Polish people are facing under the Russian rule. He pointed out with emphasis that we, as a common group, must and should do something to alleviate the condition of the oppressed Poles under the iron regime of the Russians. Anything that will be accomplished now, no matter how little, will be the establishment of a solemn protest against the Russian violence, which will re-echo around the world. The importance of this should not be misjudged, for during Biblical times the mighty Goliath fell before little David. This too, can hold true for us.

    The third speaker was Father Vincent Barzynski.

    Amidst elaborate explanation and heated ardour, Father Barzynski pointed out under what conditions the protests should be made.

    "The dominance of the Tsar and the Tsar's administrative body, along with the 4entire Russian forces, is the greatest and most outrageous that has ever existed, " he declared and continued: "These inhuman transgressions are against the will of God, against international policies, and against the forces of nature. It is a well known fact that the killing of others is reverently opposed by Christian and pagan peoples, for it is the law of God. Yet our brothers are being constantly preyed upon and mercilessly murdered, despite the fact that the Russian nation considers itself Christian. International laws prohibit wars of extermination (wiping out completely), yet the Muscovites are waging such a war among our people. Therefore we must make our protests against this violence quickly, enthusiastically, and constantly, so that it may take on greater proportions and be recognized by nations throughout the world. Let us ask God, let us ask our people, and our pleas will be answered at the end."

    Called upon by popular demand, Ignacy Machnikowski, editor and professor, brought out to the people the latest atrocities committed by the Russians. He pointed out how the protests should be made.

    "The right kind of protest," declared Professor Machnikowski, "is by word of mouth, through the press, and by arousing world wide public opinion we can bring 5about advantageous and efficacious results. The Jews have helped their oppressed people through the medium of the public press. We, therefore, should be unafraid to raise our voices and continue doing so from our side until our calls are heard. Let us make this our duty and our people's duty," concluded Mr. Machnikowski.

    Mr. Kiolbassa began his discussion in his own inimitable style. With his flowing words he pointed out that the purpose of this meeting is neither secretive nor is it one that would jeopardize the life of the Tsar.

    "We are gathered here as a free people, in a free country, who desire to see the preservation and promulgation of democracy," averred Mr. Kiolbassa. "It is not wrong for us to express our opinion and protest against something which is undemocratic. We, as free loving citizens, have a right to ask for assistance and moral support of other free citizens of this country who favor democratic justification."

    His pleas were sincere and warmhearted and were presented as earnestly as those of the other speakers. Not once did he veer from the path of immediate and constant 6action against the horrors of the Russian government.

    After the completion of the City Treasurer's speech, the veteran of Chicago's Southwest Side since 1863, Mr. Smietanka, was called upon. It was his contention that it would be much better to petition the European powers to assist in our cause than by merely protesting. He pointed out that continued protests only increased cruelty by the Russians, as evidenced by the recent violences. On the other hand, he also pointed out that we ought to correct our own blunders in this country. We should see that better immigration laws are introduced, turn our attention and protest against the misunderstood and unjustified misinterpretations in some of the journals of the press, and even among our own people. These statements were received with great applause and enthusiasm by the crowd.

    The following episode was not pleasant, although it did break up the high tension of those present. Mr. Tanillo, from the Northwest Side had voluntarily requested a half hour to speak upon something of which he knew very little. He did start his talk, but was out of order and taken off the stage.

    Mr. Karlowski suggested that in our protests we should not only be against Russia 7but against Prussia and all other oppressors. However, Father Barzynski pointed out that this would be a fatal step because we would lose the support of the German press and the sympathy of many people. Secondly, this protest would be unjustified because the iron rule of Bismark has come to an end, and Wilhelm II has taken more interest in the people. Already he has permitted Polish to be taught in the schools. Right Reverend Father Stablewski, a true Pole, was appointed archbishop of Posen and Gniezno (cities) and in general most of the privileges were restored to our people. Therefore, since the world does not understand our struggle for freedom, it would not understand our protest and its sympathy would be denied us.

    It has been suggested that a general mass meeting be held, the general press invited, and German and English speakers be asked to participate. Our committee of fifteen would reopen the grievances we have heard here. Thereby enabling the other nationalities to understand our protests which would at the end gain their wholehearted support. It would also be advantageous for our committee to get representation and support in other cities. At the termination of the meeting all went to church to express supplication.

    The afternoon has passed away and darkness enveloped the city. In St. Stanislaus 8Koskis Church all the lights were put on and the altar took on a solemn appearance when all the candles were ignited and began to glow. In the august ceremony Father John Radziejewski, pastor of St. Albert's Parish assisted in the supplication. Afterwards vespers were held.

    Last year on the third of May, when the 100th anniversary for the freedom of Poland was held in one of the churches of Warsaw, a constable shouted down the singing of "Holy Father." This was not true here. Everyone who has attended this solemn ceremony here yesterday was stirred to the roots of his soul by the pleading sound of the 2,000 masculine voices begging in their singing for an answer, for relief, for a solution of the unjust violences to our people by the Russians.

    "From disease, from famine, fire hazards, war and the barbarity of the Muscovites deliver us, O, Lord!" prayed Father Barzynski. It was repeated by the choir and reiterated by the audience.

    "We beg thee, O, Lord, to have mercy upon our people and preserve them from evil and answer our prayers ." These words concluded the ceremony.

    After the blessings were received by all, the people left with lighter hearts, 9better hopes and somehow felt gratified for their efforts to help their oppressed brothers abroad. And above everything else, all had hopes that their prayers would be answered.

    By Stanislaus Szwajkart

    With the coming of the new year, a meeting was held yesterday for the uplifting of the common good of the Poles in this country and abroad. It was held ...

    III H, III C, III B 1, III A, IV, I C
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- April 02, 1892
    Warning Immigration Laws Tightened (Editorial)

    We have received a bulletin from the New York Immigration Commissioners that a new law emanating from Washington has been put into effect relative to the admission of immigrants. This new law forbids the entrance of paupers to the United States. According to the phraseology of the new act, a person wishing to enter American soil will be considered a pauper if he or she has not a paid railroad passenger ticket to the destination designated on the passport and ten dollars in cash.

    When this law went into effect last week, over a hundred persons were found who did not have the necessary railroad ticket and the ten dollars. They were sent back to Europe.

    Our New York correspondent informs us that before this week is up over one thousand immigrants will have to leave because of this law.


    This unjust law was greeted with cheers and applause by the so-called nativists. This nativism movement opposes the entrance to the country of those now abroad. Every enthusiast for nativism harbors and unconquerable feeling of disgust for the incoming foreigners.

    In order to make the supporters of this new law in Washington realize that this procedure will not help them in the coming fall election, it will be necessary to make public this unjust law in the German and other national papers. In this respect, the success of the nativists will be short-lived. It would be much better if the democratic-loving citizens of this country would band together and wholeheartedly support the Democratic party and once and for all drive out the Republican rabble from Washington.

    For the present, let us assist those of our citizens who wish to have their kin from abroad with them. A little aid from many will help provide the necessary tickets and money, and in the and help prevent the anguish of the return trip.

    We have received a bulletin from the New York Immigration Commissioners that a new law emanating from Washington has been put into effect relative to the admission of immigrants. This ...

    III B 1, I F 3, I F 4, I F 5, III G
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 18, 1893
    Protest against the American-Russian Extradition Tranty

    The last Republican administration of the United States approved a new extradition treaty with Russia. This treaty contains a clause that provides the return to Russia even of political offenders if their offense is a criminal one. Obviously, such a treaty would serve as a powerful weapon to the perversity and baseness of Russian justice toward those who have sought shelter from its persecution in the United States. A loud protest against this treaty has begun to develop even in American circles. Tens of thousands of signatures have figured on protests against this destructive treaty; for such a treaty could make a land of oppression and persecution of a free country, such as the United States has been heretofore. Among those condemning the treaty is to be found even so respected a Republican as Chauncey M. Depew.

    Fortunately the treaty has not as yet been ratified. The new Democratic 2administration, at whose head is Cleveland, may reject it. In any case, it can be referred to the legislative body, which is now largely Democratic, for re-examination. This matter will be concluded one way or the other toward the end of next week.

    With affairs at their present stage, it is not too late for American citizens to protest against this evil and subversive treaty. Protests originating now can still reach authoritative quarters before decisive steps have been taken. Protests should be made sooner by Poles than by anyone else. It is the Poles who are best acquainted with the Czar's touch, and who eventually would feel the results of such a treaty most heavily.

    The idea of a protest against the Czar's despotism has existed among the Poles for a long time, and it may be that had it not been for interference on the part of ill-willed people, it would already have attained considerable results.


    On New Year's Day, 1892, the Reverend Vincent Barzynski effected a gathering of 2,500 Poles with the purpose of instituting a protest against the horrible persecution of thousands of Poles by the Russian tyrant and his henchmen--persecution for no other reason than that these Poles refused to renounce the faith of their forefather. At that time, jealousy, awakened by the intrigues of a certain clique with the aid of a paper erroneously called Zgoda, caused a violent reaction to the idea, Certainly these thoughtless people had not realized how soon the bitter fruits of their miserable politics would ripen. Today, the United States desires a treaty with Russia. Would this desire ever have arisen had last year's protest against Russian despotism, authenticated by hundreds of thousands of American Poles, been allowed to ring in the ears of American citizens? The idea of a protest returns today, at the last minute. Today everybody understands its importance. Thus, strong-willed people, unmindful of obstacles, have decided to call a great mass meeting 4to register a protest against a treaty which would make the United States subservient to Moscow. The mass meeting will be held tomorrow (Sunday) in the St. Stanislaus parish school hall at eight o'clock in the evening.

    Let everyone attend! Let us appeal to this nation and its statesmen. Let us protest with all our strength against an alliance of this free nation with a tyrant. Our mass meeting, at which every Pole should be present, will not be ineffectual. Having made the necessary decisions, we can appeal to the President of the United States, asking that he withhold ratification of the treaty with Russia, and further, that he accept a more detailed representation of the matter. Doubtless, the result will be that this treaty, approved by only the worst of the Republicans, will be confuted.


    And so--all Poles to the mass meeting at the school hall at Bradley Street!

    The last Republican administration of the United States approved a new extradition treaty with Russia. This treaty contains a clause that provides the return to Russia even of political offenders ...

    I H, III B 1, III H, III C, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 20, 1893
    Protest against the American Extradition Treaty with Russia 5,000 Poles Attend Mass Meeting

    The mass meeting held yesterday by Chicago Poles for the purpose of instituting a protest against the proposed extradition treaty between the United States and Russia was eminently successful and the desired end was achieved. The gathering took place in the evening, with the school hall at Bradley Street filled to capacity. Approximately five thousand Poles attended the mass meeting, irrespective of their different organizational sympathies.

    As the Reverend Vincent Barzynski had been detained by his church duties, the author of the protest idea, Mr. Szczesny Zahajkiewicz, took his place and opened the meeting. In a few words he explained the purpose of the mass meeting, pointing out indications of Russian despotism and Russia's efforts to extend her influence even to this hemisphere. In conclusion, he added that the first duty of the Poles was to protest these efforts, which have taken the form of the proposed extradition treaty with the United States.


    Mr. A. Rudnicki, who was called upon to preside over the meeting, appointed in turn the Reverend Francis Gordon, editor of Dziennik Chicagoski, as secretary.

    In his introductory address, Mr. Rudnicki gave exclusive attention to the treaty. He explained that despite the fact that the treaty stipulates the extradition of only such political offenders as have committed criminal offenses, in the eyes of Russian despotism everything that contributes to liberty and right constitutes a crime. In the eyes of Moscow justice, the Polish heroes of 1831 and 1863 are criminals for the simple reason that they shed their blood for their country. Finally, to form an alliance with a country that has no constitution and, therefore, no guarantee of a fair degree of justice, would be a thoughtless act.

    The first speaker to discuss the intended protest was Doctor K. Midowicz. In an extensive and enthusiastic speech, he emphasized the fact that at the 3present time it is most important that the Poles raise their voices in defense of liberty. He devoted his next remarks to a discussion of what, in the opinion of Moscow, constitutes a criminal offense. The members of the Unites (United Greek Church) are criminals in that they pray as their forefathers prayed before them, so they are murdered ruthlessly. Every person who teaches his child to speak Polish is a criminal, as is every Pole who hopes to see Poland free. Everyone who says "The Czar is worthless because he is Godless," is a criminal. By means of this treaty with the United States, Russia hopes to gain the right to persecute, on one pretext or another, all such "criminals" in this free land. Our duty is plain--we must protest.

    The next speaker, Mr. Koinski, a native of Russian Poland and frequent witness to Russian atrocities, painted a black picture of the Russian courts of justice. Lawlessness is law in Russia. Judgment is passed in the courts in accordance with the caprices of the government; a prisoner is condemned without evidence against him, nor has he a chance to defend himself.


    The Czar, a self-willed despotic monster, has extended his bloody hand to America, but the people of the United States should answer: "Away with your paws!" The protest against Moscow, violator of the principles of Christ, is imperative. It should originate with the Poles; not the Poles of this or that party or organization, but all the Poles, for, in a matter such as this, we should stand together, shoulder to shoulder,as one man.

    After a short address by the presiding officer Mr. Rudnicki, Dr. Midowicz made a motion that the meeting approve the sending of a telegram to the President of the United States and to other high officials in Washington, with a request that ratification be temporarily withheld. His motion also included a proposal to send to Washington an extensive protest containing the signatures of Polish-American citizens and of officers and members of Polish-American organizations in Chicago. The assembly accepted the motion by acclamation.


    The next speaker, Mr. Nagiel, discussed the importance of this decision to us, as Poles and as American citizens. As Poles, we demonstrate by this step--taken by a queer coincidence on the hundredth anniversary of the second Polish partition--that we exist, that we continue to live, that we have not been crushed under the iron heel of oppression. Despite a hundred years of martyrdom, we are Poles, here in this hemisphere as well as in the old country, guardians of liberty. As American citizens who understand more fully than anyone else the awful conditions under the despotic rule of the Czar, we cannot allow the leaders of this nation to take such a false step. This free land has been a refuge to us who were oppressed on all sides, and such a step would transform it into a land of the knout. In conclusion, the speaker proposed that a committee of five be named to draw up the telegraphic protest and to take charge of the matter generally. This proposal was unanimously accepted, and the presiding officer was empowered to make the appointments. The following citizens were named to the committee: Father Vincent Barzynski, Peter Kiolbassa, August J. Kowalski, J. Arkuszewski, and J. Paszkiewicz.


    Mr. Arkuszewski delivered the next address. He pointed out that the proposed treaty with the base Russian government is entirely opposed to American ideals, and he emphasized again the usefulness and necessity of the protest.

    Mr. Walter Smulski, editor of the Catholic Gazette, explained the manner in which negotiation of the treaty was conducted during the last administration. He said that negotiations were conducted on the sly and cited this fact as evidence of Russian cunning. He declared that all Poles who have the honor of their adopted country at heart should protest against a treaty which could only bring disgrace to it.

    Mr. Roland, who spoke next, declared that the new Democratic administration in Washington is imbued with the noble principles of freedom. These principles have already caused the annexation of Hawaii, which the Republicans had almost accomplished, and they should alike prevent the conclusion of this treaty with Russia.


    Peter Kiolbassa, whose private affairs had prevented his earlier arrival, was introduced as the next speaker. He said that even if he were not a Pole, he would consider it his duty as an American citizen to oppose the treaty with Russia. The speaker had never been in Russia and was acquainted with conditions only by reading and from hearsay, but he declared that what he had heard filled him with horror. Having lived in America since his youth, he could not understand any possible union between this free country and the corruption and despotism of Russia. Against such a union as the treaty seeks to create, Poles should protest as one man, regardless of party differences existing between them. The speaker declared that he is a Catholic, that he recognizes the necessity of proper government, and that he does not believe in political violence. However, a government like that of Russia, which violates daily the laws of God and man, deserves no respect. Mr. Kiolbassa wholeheartedly supported the protest and promised, as a member of the committee, to lend his best efforts to the cause.


    The Reverend Father Barzynski, instigator of the meeting, was the next speaker. He discussed the projected treaty in all its details. He pointed out the incongruity of such an understanding between the most liberty-loving nation in the world and a nation that is rotten to the core, a nation which distinguishes itself by the bloodiest of despotisms, before which nothing is sacred. Such a treaty is impossible. Russian cunning might clothe it in certain legal forms, but these forms are mere masks or rags which the Czar would soon discard. The treaty states that only such offenders will be extradited as have committed crimes. But who is to judge their offenses? The American courts cannot. Therefore the Russian courts will--courts in which the knout and the will of the Czar are law, courts which stoop to any baseness and in which perjury is the order of the day. The speaker touched on the Russian intrigues in Bulgaria, where the Czar sent hired criminals to threaten the lives of the prince and ministers. Documents that prove this is true have been made public. The Russian [Czar] 9is a brigand--and with this brigand the United States government contemplates a treaty! In spite of the fact that such documents were made public, Moscow is unashamed, unconcerned. But will the United States remain unashamed if this treaty is concluded? That is the question. The Polish protest should postpone ratification of the treaty long enough for the matter to be examined more closely. If worse should come to worst and our protest be futile, we have at least upheld an ideal and our honor by presenting it.

    The last speaker was Mr. Zolynski, who arrived not long ago from Russian Poland. He gave a first-hand picture of Russian oppression.

    As the meeting came to a close, Mr. Kiolbassa made a motion that the committee be increased by two members. Dr. Midowicz and H. Nagiel were accordingly appointed to the committee. With this, the meeting ended. We need only add that the audience was filled with noble fire and greeted each speaker with great enthusiasm.

    The mass meeting held yesterday by Chicago Poles for the purpose of instituting a protest against the proposed extradition treaty between the United States and Russia was eminently successful and ...

    III B 1, III B 2, III C, III H, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 21, 1893
    Polish Protest to Washington

    The telegram protesting against the new American extradition treaty with Russia was dispatched to Washington yesterday in three copies, as decided upon at a recent mass meeting. Besides, President Grover Cleveland, Vice-president Stevenson, and Senator Palmer will each receive a copy. Today or tomorrow, the committee headed by Mr. Peter Kiolbassa will leave for Washington to support the protest personally. They will take with them an extensive memorial which the committee has already prepared. Regardless of the final results of this affair, we can always say to ourselves, "We have done our duty."

    The telegram protesting against the new American extradition treaty with Russia was dispatched to Washington yesterday in three copies, as decided upon at a recent mass meeting. Besides, President Grover ...

    III H, III B 1, III B 2, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 27, 1893
    Polish Patriotic Organization Decides to Pay All Costs of Protest to Washington

    The Polish Patriotic Organization's meeting that took place yesterday at four o'clock is worthy of notice.

    We can omit such details as committee reports, financial reports, etc., and come immediately to those matters which we feel are of real importance. The Organization made a very noble gesture, which is deserving of the highest recognition. It has decided to pay all the expenses that have arisen and will yet arise from the Polish protest against the American extradition treaty with Russia.

    Further, the holiday of the Polish Queen's Crown falls on April 1. In order to honor its patron saint, the Organization is preparing a huge celebration for April 8 (delayed because of the Easter holidays).


    In addition, we find it necessary to mention the program that followed yesterday's meeting, which consisted of a lecture; music, and declamations. A very interesting and exhaustive lecture on the life and works of John Kochanowski was delivered by Mr. Klarkowski. Mr. A. Kwasigroch rendered a beautiful vocal number, and Messrs. John Kikulski and Jozwiakowski declaimed with inspiration. All contributors to the program were applauded generously.

    The Polish Patriotic Organization's meeting that took place yesterday at four o'clock is worthy of notice. We can omit such details as committee reports, financial reports, etc., and come immediately ...

    III H, III B 3 b, II B 2 g, III B 1, III B 2, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 29, 1893
    Protest of the Poles against the American Extradition Treaty with Russia (Editorial)

    The protest against the American-Russian extradition treaty, decided upon at the mass meeting of Chicago Poles on March 19, has already brought results--important results. We are convinced of this by the telegram from Washington which appeared in yesterday's Dziennik [Chicagoski]. This telegram stated that final ratification of the treaty has been postponed because of protests coming from the Poles. It adds that very likely the treaty will not be ratified. The telegram was published in newspapers all over the United States.

    We can say with pride that our voices carried some weight with an honest government. Our cry has been taken under consideration. President Cleveland told Mr. Peter Kiolbassa, who represented the Poles, that he 2recognized and would defend the rights of Polish-American citizens. We have succeeded in moving American public opinion--which has voiced itself for freedom--against persecutors. Whatever course the matter follows from this point, we can safely say that the battle is already won for us.

    Naturally, since the proposed treaty was diplomatically a secret one, it is difficult to know its details. It is certain, however, that we have awakened the vigilance of the government and of public opinion. Even if the treaty should be concluded, it will be rewritten in such a form that the Russian government will be unable to use it as an instrument with which to destroy the liberty of those who have come to America to escape oppression. Should the treaty in such a form be objectionable to Russia, we can be sure that the matter will be dropped altogether by the American government.


    The credit for the success of this enterprise must be given to the energy and solidarity with which the Poles acted. The meeting, called together rather hurriedly, was attended by members of both factions, who, instead of quarreling as is usual with us, worked side by side for the common good. The committee assigned to formulating the protest did its part, proof of which we have in the telegram dispatched the day after the meeting and the extensive memorial prepared on the same day. The Patriotic Organization very nobly came forward to cover all expenses incurred by the protest. Even the newspapers, which ordinarily condemn every move that is not originated by their "clique," have been silent, or have even lent their support. In a word, everything proceeded with perfect harmony. Thus, every one deserves acknowledgment. Most of all, however, acknowledgment is due to Father Vincent Barzynski, author of the movement, and Mr. Peter Kiolbassa, our delegate to Washington.


    Mr. Kiolbassa has already returned to Chicago. According to newspaper accounts and his own report, Mr. Kiolbassa lost no time in carrying out his mission. At the request of the committee, he readily dropped his own affairs, which, of course, are very urgent on the eve of elections, and left for Washington. All the American newspapers carried accounts of Mr. Kiolbassa's activities in the Capitol, but the best proof of his conscientiousness lies in the results he has produced. We must add, however, that Mr. Kiolbassa's conversation with President Cleverland was longer and more extensive than the American newspapers reported. Among other things, in answering the President's questions, Mr. Kiolbassa said that he has complete faith in the present administration. He added, however, that he never has had nor can ever have faith in the treacherous government of Russia, which has never hesitated to break a treaty. We think that these words, boldly spoken to the highest executive of the land, are worthy of mention.

    The protest against the American-Russian extradition treaty, decided upon at the mass meeting of Chicago Poles on March 19, has already brought results--important results. We are convinced of this by ...

    III H, III B 1, III B 2, I F 5, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- April 10, 1893
    Organizacya Patriotyczna Makes its First Public Appearance

    The Organizacya Patriotyczna (Patriotic Organization) made its first public appearance before a large audience. The Poles, realizing that their duty is to support this organization, attended in great numbers, showing once more their willingness to participate in nationalistic work.

    The program opened with a short address by Mr. Ligman, president of the Organization. This address was followed by the beautiful and inspiring "Modlitwa" (Prayer), sung by a young women's choir. The singing over, Reverend Vincent Barzynski, pastor of St. Stanislaus Kostka Church, spoke on the history of the Patriotic Organization, of which he is the founder. He traced the extensive activities of the Organization during its five years of existence.


    Father Barzynski said that after long and arduous missionary work in Chicago, home of the most populous Polish settlement, the time had finally come for a concentrated effort to direct the people's minds toward youth and the Polish cause. The Patriotic Organization was founded on May 3, 1888. It had to overcome great difficulties at first but, thanks to the perseverance of a few members, it already has begun to show results. Today it is a society with a large membership composed of people to whom the nationalistic cause lies close to heart, and its work continues energetically. Its members work wholeheartedly together. The Falcons, the Knights, the Cadets, the Library, the Parish Choir, the Dramatic Circle--all are the offshoots of noble efforts to uplift the soul, to develop the youth, and to give profitable recreation and enlightenment. In the course of its existence, the Organization has contributed considerable sums of money to the Polish cause. It offered, first of all, five hundred dollars for the relief of flood victims in Galicia, one hundred dollars to Polish orphans, two hundred dollars to the parish library, one hundred dollars for the relief of the Unites 3[United Greek Church] in Ukrainia. The organization has also covered the costs of the protest against the American extradition treaty with Russia. During the past five years, the Organization has spent a thousand dollars, a sum accumulated from the collection of ten-cent monthly dues. Father Barzynski spoke eloquently during his outline of the Organization's activities, calling it "an army fighting for truth and nationalism". He urged everyone to join. The speaker's noble words were rewarded by great applause.

    Mr. Andrew Kwasigroch, director of the parish choir, followed with a talk on the benefits derived from singing. He declared that here on foreign soil, the songs of the homeland are the one means of keeping alive the Polish spirit. That he supports his words with deeds, Mr. Kwasigroch proved in the next number, a medley of Polish songs by the parish choir, with piano accompaniment by Madame Rose Kwasigroch.

    The captain of the Polish Queen's Guard, F. Jagus, appeared next and gave 4a report of his society's activities. He said that the Guard owes gratitude to Father Barzynski for his initiative. He stated further that, though small in membership, the Guard's enthusiasm is unbounded. Its members are ready at all times to give their lives for Poland. The Guard's military exercises were above reproach.

    Captain John Kochanski appeared next with the Uhlans of Czestochowa. They were followed by the third military society, the Knights of St. Martin, whose captain is Mr. Pokorny. Mr. Pokorny told of how the Knights, organized in 1886, became a part of the Patriotic Organization for the sake of national solidarity.

    Mr. Szczesny Zahajkiewicz made a report of the activities of the Dramatic Circle, of which he is director. It was organized in 1871 with the purpose of arousing patriotism and encouraging the use of the Polish language. The Dramatic Circle possesses a great variety of costumes and has presented 5plays which have withstood the severest criticism. In a word, it is one of the best loved of the parish societies.

    After an excellent monologue by Mr. Skolimowski, who called forth a storm of applause, another choral number followed.

    The elder Falcons appeared next, and their chaplain, Father Bernard Zmijewski, discussed the principle of "a sound mind in a healthy body". The speaker continued with a statement that the Falcons were organized through the efforts of Mr. Zahajkiewicz. He said that the chief aim of the Falcons is to create unity and brotherly love: "one will, one spirit". His ardent words were very warmly applauded. The Falcons executed their drills under the direction of Mr. B. Malinski.

    Then followed the beloved Cadets. Their chaplain, Father Eugene Siedlaczek, introduced them and spoke of the society's aims. He gave new significance 6to the word "liberty" to such exiles as we. Our brethren in Poland are not permitted to organize, but in this free land we have every right to do all that we can for our homeland. The youth ought to be organized so that some day, under the slogan "God and our Country", everybody working together will help raise our country out of bondage. This speech, so filled with noble thoughts, was interrupted time and again by the applause of the enthusiastic audience. The exercises executed by the Cadets were, of course, irreproachable.

    We come thus to the conclusion of the program. Another monologue by Mr. Skolimowski provoked peals of laughter, and he retired amidst thunderous applause.

    The hour was already late. There were some exercises by the younger Falcons, whose smart appearance delighted the audience. Then followed the singing of "Boze coz Polske" (Lord, For Poland), and with this the program ended.


    The Organization's public performance was eminently successful in every way. More than one person left the hall resolved to help its fruitful work with deed and money, to give their children this opportunity for recreation and education. Oh, that there might be thousands of co-workers gained thus!

    The Organizacya Patriotyczna (Patriotic Organization) made its first public appearance before a large audience. The Poles, realizing that their duty is to support this organization, attended in great numbers, showing ...

    III B 2, II B 1 c 1, II B 1 a, II D 10, III B 1, III C, III E, III H, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- June 08, 1893
    The Treaty with Russia (Editorial)

    The news that the treaty with Russia, which was proclaimed Tuesday, is free from objectionable paragraphs, is false. After reading the treaty word by word, we find that none of the objectionable parts have been omitted. As proof, we cite a few examples below.

    In Article II, the crimes for which offenders are to be extradited are listed. It is plainly stated therein that not only actual offenders but also individuals who have attempted the perpetration of any of the crimes listed are to be extradited. Excluding such things as burglary, murder, and arson, there are a few points to which we would like to call attention. We read: "5) Falsification and use of falsified governmental or otherwise official documents."

    Although Article III contains a clause that individuals will not be extradited 2if their offense is proved to be political, the following is added:

    "An attempt upon the life of any governmental official, or member of any official's family, if this attempt is made for the purpose of murdering, assassinating, or poisoning said official or member of his family, is not to be regarded as a political offense."

    Thus, the objectionable clauses, on which Russia can base demands for the extradition of political offenders, remain. The above-mentioned paragraph 5, of Article II, makes it obligatory for the United States to surrender to the Russian government individuals who have falsified passports. What sort of methods the Russian courts will use to make it appear that every political offender is guilty of an attempt upon the Czar's life, we know well; it is unnecessary to set forth the dangers which will now assail political fugitives from Russia.


    The near future will undoubtedly show how Russia intends to make use of this newly proclaimed treaty. Let us have hope that the United States Government will reconsider and, upon Russia's first attempt to make political use of the treaty, denounce this disgraceful pact.

    The news that the treaty with Russia, which was proclaimed Tuesday, is free from objectionable paragraphs, is false. After reading the treaty word by word, we find that none of ...

    III H, III B 1
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 09, 1894
    Activities of Organizacya Patryotyczna of Saint Stanislaus Kostka's Parish in 1893

    Last Sunday, at 4 P.M., the Organizacya Patryotyczna [Patriotic Organization] of Saint Stanislaus Kostka's Parish held its annual meeting, at which we had the opportunity to hear about the good work it accomplished last year. The Organization is progressing slowly but steadily. That it progressed during last year is revealed by the increased activity of its branches--the Choir, the Knights, the Dramatic Club, and the Polish Falcons. The Patriotic Organization observed the January and November anniversaries of Polish insurrections independently, and the May anniversary in co-operation with other societies. The proceeds from these activities were quite substantial, allowing the Patriotic Organization to set aside a certain sum of money for charitable and patriotic purposes.

    Statement of Last Year's Activities


    (1) The Patriotic Organization defrayed the expenses of the protest against the extradition treaty between the United States and Russia;

    (2) It donated $20.40 to the orphans;

    (3) It bought a fifteen-dollar wreath for the late Theophil Lenartowicz, poet and sculptor;

    (4) It gave $110 to the Knights;

    (5) It donated $50 to the parish library;

    (6) It spent $130 for a float on Polish Day;

    (7) It donated $100 to the Lwow Fair; and

    (8) It donated $120 to aid the poor during Christmas.

    These figures prove that the Organization is active, even though it has a relatively small number of members, many of whom do not pay their dues of ten cents a month. In spite of this, the Organization collected $741.64, out of which it spent $565 for charities and other good purposes.


    At its last meeting, the Patriotic Organization agreed to help the parish Falcons financially, so that the latter may buy the athletic equipment they need. It was also agreed to celebrate the January anniversary of the Polish insurrection.

    Mr. Jacob Mucha moved that the old board of directors should be re-elected for the next year. The motion was unanimously adopted.

    The meeting, which many members did not attend, ended with a prayer by the pastor.

    Let us hope that the Patriotic Organization's noble deeds written with golden letters in the book of notable achievements may, with the help of God, become a stimulus for the negligent and the indifferent.

    Last Sunday, at 4 P.M., the Organizacya Patryotyczna [Patriotic Organization] of Saint Stanislaus Kostka's Parish held its annual meeting, at which we had the opportunity to hear about the good ...

    III B 2, II B 1 c 3, II B 2 a, II D 10, III B 1, III H, III C