The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- June 11, 1891
    St. Stanislaus Kostka's Society

    We have received a copy of the constitution of St. Stanislaus Kostka's Society which celebrated its silver jubilee last Sunday. The document was printed in Paris in 1869.

    This constitution is a very important document because it is the first constitution of a Polish society and has served as a model for drawing up other constitutions.

    The title of this constitution adopted in Chicago, Illinois, in North America, on June 1, 1866 is: The Constitution and Bylaws of St. Stanislaus Kostka's Brotherly Aid Society. The introduction to this constitution reads:

    In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, amen.


    In order that the Polish Roman Catholic people may be united by the bonds of 2brotherly love; in order that charitable deeds such as visiting and helping the sick, burying the dead, and helping the widows and orphans may prevail in this brotherly group; and in order that brotherhood, harmony, unity, and moral habits of body and soul may be found among us, we have founded a Brotherly Aid Society under the patronage of Saint Stanislaus Kostka.

    Titles of articles containing the bylaws:

    I. Name and emblem of the Society. II. Principles of the Society. III. Officers. (These are: a president, a vice-president, a secretary, an assistant secretary, three advisers, a cashier, a marshal, and a doorman.) IV-XI. Duties of officials. XII. Membership and dues. XIII. Election of candidates. XIV. Religious ceremonies. XV. Conducting of meetings. XVI. Taking care of the sick. XVII. Funeral ceremonies. XVIII. Unforeseen incidents. Article XIX. reads as follows:

    Article XIX.

    Section one. The constitution and bylaws cannot be changed, amended, or 3suspended without the consent of three-fourths of the members of the Society, and such changes, etc. can only occur at an annual meeting.

    This constitution and these bylaws have been unanimously adopted by St. Stanislaus Kostka's Brotherly Aid Society in Chicago, Illinois, on June 1, 1866.

    President: Peter Kiolbassa

    Secretary: Marcellus Ziomkowski

    Advisory Council:

    Lawrence Stasz

    Joseph Dziewior

    Thomas Nowicki

    Anthony Bok

    Anthony Matysiak

    We have received a copy of the constitution of St. Stanislaus Kostka's Society which celebrated its silver jubilee last Sunday. The document was printed in Paris in 1869. This constitution ...

    II D 1, II D 10, II D 3, III A, III C
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 28, 1892
    Sacred Heart Society Elects Officers for the New Year

    New officers were elected to head the executive board of the Sacred Heart Society No. 1, at a meeting held last Tuesday, at St. Stanislaus Kostki's Parish hall. The president's chair went to M. Kalaczynski; John Reich, vice-president; Stanislaus Czajka, recording secretary. J. Jedrzejewski was chosen guardian of the sick.

    A resolution was passed lowering the initiation fees as follows: Those from the ages of 18 to 25, three dollars; from 25 to 35, five dollars, from 35 to 40 eight dollars.

    The Sacred Heart Society No. 1, maintains a death benefit fund for their members. At the present time there about 134 in this group. This 2organization is connected with the Roman Catholic Church.

    Those who are of good character and standing and wish to join this Catholic organization are invited to attend any of our meetings, which are held every fourth Tuesday of the month. You will be convinced that it will be to your advantage to be a member of this organization.

    New officers were elected to head the executive board of the Sacred Heart Society No. 1, at a meeting held last Tuesday, at St. Stanislaus Kostki's Parish hall. The president's ...

    III B 2, II D 1, II D 2, II D 3, III C
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 05, 1892
    Polish Doctors' Society Formed (Announcement)

    On March 2, 1892, Polish doctors practicing medicine in Chicago held a meeting, the first of its kind, to organize a society of Polish doctors in Chicago. Dr. Bruno Strzyzowski was named secretary of this newly formed group.

    Among the matters discussed, we came to the conclusion that the congratulatory notices made public by patients who have been cured of illness do not tend to elevate the level of medicine. Since they appear frequently, we are making it public so that Poles will have an understanding of this resolution. Hereafter, we will consider this kind of publicity injurious to our profession and in no way an honor.


    Signed by:

    Dr. Bruno Stryzowski, Secretary;

    Dr. Casimir Rewkowski

    Dr. Casimir Midowicz;

    Dr. M.P. Kossakowski;

    Dr. Leanard Ostrowski;

    Dr. John Train;

    Dr. Edward Czerniewski.

    On March 2, 1892, Polish doctors practicing medicine in Chicago held a meeting, the first of its kind, to organize a society of Polish doctors in Chicago. Dr. Bruno Strzyzowski ...

    II D 3
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 17, 1892
    A Letter to the Editors from the Holy Name Society

    Chicago, Ill.,

    March 14, 1892.

    Dear Friends, Polish Catholics!

    The fraternal order of the Holy Name Society of St. Albert's parish held its semi-annual meeting Saturday, March 5. A general report on the financial status revealed that the organization is functioning on a sound basis. Three new members have been initiated into the order.

    The Holy Name Society is associated with the Roman-Catholic Union and follows the latter's by-laws in every respect. This connection enables the Society to use the services of the Union's doctor, who examines every 2member at the time of entering the Holy Name Society. Only candidates of sound physical health are accepted. All must pass the doctor's examination. Members that become ill are given medical attention by the same doctor. It has been estimated that during the past three months over one hundred dollars has been saved by this medical service which is rendered free to the members.

    All the activities of this society, both social and athletic, have been carried with success and order. The directors of this organization are proud of this record.

    The following is a resume of the benefits received from this society:

    1. Five dollars per week is given in case of sickness. Members will make regular visits if permissible. In case the sick member requires some 3assistance in the home, the society furnishes the necessary help.

    2. Death benefits: husbands, $600; wives $300. Eight pall bears will be furnished. Entire funeral to be directed by the society.

    Membership entrance fee is as follows:

    From the ages 20 to 30 $5.00
    " " " 30 to 35 $6.00
    " " " 35 to 40 $ 7.00
    " " " 40 to 45 $9.00

    We ask the Polish Catholics of the city of Chicago to investigate the advantages the Holy Name Society offers to its members. The public is 4invited to visit the office of the secretary at 630 W. 17th Street, or the headquarters of the society at St. Albert's parish. All will be gladly welcomed.

    Very truly yours,

    Frances Nowak, President.

    Chicago, Ill., March 14, 1892. Dear Friends, Polish Catholics! The fraternal order of the Holy Name Society of St. Albert's parish held its semi-annual meeting Saturday, March 5. A general ...

    III C, II D 1, II D 3, II D 2, II B 3
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 25, 1892
    The Constitution of the Polish Welfare Association

    Yesterday afternoon the Board of Directors of the Polish Welfare Association read at the Polish Hall the proposed constitution of this organization before a crowd of members and non-members. The constitution will be read to the members at the next two meetings, so that they may get well acquainted with it.

    [The constitution, as published in four consecutive installments by the Dziennik Chicagoski, is as follows:]

    Constitution of the Polish Welfare Association

    I. Name and Purpose.

    1. The name of the society will be "Polish Welfare Association No. 1 of Chicago, Illinois," at St. Stanislaus Kostkis Parish.


    2. The aim of the organization is to offer Christian assistance of mercy to those in need, especially to fellow citizens and countrymen living in the vicinity of St. Stanislaus Parish.

    II. Members.

    3. Any Pole can be a member of the Welfare Association.

    4. A person may be a regular member, or a benefactor.

    5. A regular member of the organization is a person who has paid a dollar entrance fee and pays four dollars a year in one sum, or one dollar quarterly, and has pledged to abide by the constitution.

    6. Benefactors of the Association will be those persons not desiring to follow the laws of the organization or to take active part in it, but who 3wish to make contributions, in cash or in the form of groceries, coal, wood, clothing, medicine, medical services, etc., to the office of the secretary.

    7. The duties of a member, besides making contributions, are as follows: to attend all meetings and special sessions regularly; to take active part in a drive to wipe out false representatives trying to collect money from the people or to get money from the organization under false pretenses. Members will be permitted to attend all meetings free of charge.

    III. Origin and Meetings.

    8. The first year of the Polish Welfare Association began on January 1, 1892, in Chicago; each following year will begin on January 1.


    9. Regular meetings of the society will be held every three months, beginning the first Sunday in January, April, July, and October; out of these quarterly sessions, the January gathering will be considered as the annual meeting. The day and date of the quarterly meetings can be changed at the discretion of the members if any important matter is to be considered; however, the place of meeting cannot be changed.

    10. The Directors will have regular monthly meetings; the officers will convene each week; a director has the right to be present at an officers' meeting.

    11. At every annual meeting, new officers, twenty directors and a president ex officio, will be elected by a ballot vote. In order to facilitate the ballot vote, the secretary will have all the names of the regular members printed in a list that will be given to all members present. The twenty candidates receiving the larger number of votes will be chosen as directors.


    The chairman of the meeting will pick out three former directors to tabulate the returns. In this way the elected directors will immediately take office, and on the following quarterly meeting they will pick out their assistants. The books of their predecessors will be turned over to them.

    12. During the yearly meeting, changes of policy, suggestions, criticisms, and amendments to the constitution can be made.

    13. The presence of twenty-five regular members at a quarterly meeting will be considered as a quorum.

    IV. Administration.

    14. The administrative body of the Association, as mentioned above, is composed of twenty directors and an ex officio president, who is the pastor of the parish or an assistant picked by him.


    15. The directors are obligated (a) to meet once a month or more frequently, depending on the matters at hand; (b) to handle to the best of their ability the funds of the society for the benefit of the needy; (c) to lay down administrative regulations to their officers relative to disposing of the problems that may arise; to control the officers in the disposition of the matters; (d) to make a report of the progress of the welfare organization at each quarterly session; (e) to make suggestions and lay plans for the growth of the society.

    16. The administrators will select among themselves officers to handle the various duties of the welfare work, namely: (a) first vice-president, (b) second vice-president, (c) secretary, (d) financial secretary, (e) cashier, (f) visitor, and (g) administrator.


    17. Eleven directors, including the ex officio president, will be considered a quorum.

    18. If an occasion arises when it becomes necessary to have a salaried official to manage the Association on an efficient basis, the directors will have the right to employ one.

    19. A two-thirds vote will be the deciding factor in passing or rejecting any by-laws or changes.

    V. Officers.

    20. The officers of the Welfare Association will meet once a week to discuss the work and plans of the organization. All officers will perform their duties without any remuneration, unless otherwise specified by the board of directors.


    21. The duties of the President or the First Vice-president (the first-vice president will take over the duties of the president in the event of his absence; and in case both the president and first vice-president are absent, the second vice-president will take over the duties) are as follows: The president has full charge of handling all matters concerning the organization; he will hold council relative to any parliamentary rulings; it is up to him to permit or take away the right of anyone to vote; to represent the society on the outside; to sign acts, letters and other papers of the organization. Neither the president nor his assistant votes during a general meeting, unless there is a tie. During a directors' or an officers' meeting, the president has the right to vote. In the event the president and both vice-presidents are absent, the secretary will open the session. The directors that may be present will elect a chairman to preside at the meeting.


    22, The duties of the Secretary are as follows: to make a record of all proceedings of the officers', directors', and general sessions; to take care of all the external correspondence; to read the minutes of the last meeting at every quarterly gathering; to read a record of the progress at every quarterly session; to arrange and announce through the press what has been accomplished during the year; and to take care of circulars, bulletins, and other matters pertinent to his office.

    23. The duties of the Financial Secretary are as follows: to take care of the office of the Welfare Association during the designated hours; to keep separate lists of contributors, needy persons, and regular members; to keep an accurate account of all transactions; and to keep a record of funds contributed by members or private individuals. The financial secretary is also to take care of the issuance of money, or passes, to directors, officers, and the goodfellows of the society; he is to turn all contributions, whether 10in cash or in merchandise, to the cashier; he is to give a weekly report of all transactions at the officers' weekly meetings, and to take care of all correspondence concerning his department. The financial secretary is to be placed under a bond of one thousand dollars, and this sum can be raised at the discretion of the directors. Until further notice, the financial secretary will be in charge of the Information Bureau.

    24. The duties of the Cashier are as follows: to take care of all the money handed to him by the financial secretary and to give a receipt to the latter; to pay out the necessary amounts of money for operation as designated by a signed recommendation from the president; and to keep the books of his department in good order. The cashier is also placed under a bond of one thousand dollars, a sum which may be increased at the discretion of the directors.


    25. The duties of the Visitor will be as follows: to visit those persons asking for assistance, and to present a complete questionnaire to the president or financial secretary, at the officers' and directors' meeting. In case of expansion in the organization, the visitor will get assistants from the ranks of the directors of regular members, as designated by the regulations.

    26. The duties of the Administrator are as follows: to take care of all the material contributions; to distribute them under a signed order by the president, financial secretary, or higher ranking official; to purchase articles as directed by the board of directors; and to keep a record of all goods received, purchased, and given out.


    VI. Granting of Assistance of Help.

    27. The Welfare Association, as stipulated in article I, paragraph 2, has as its aim to offer Christian assistance of mercy and to give such assistance as (a) The issuance of essectial commodities (in special instances, money will be given; and in emergency cases rent and vital essentials will be paid); (b) Moral support through personal attention will be given to individuals; homeless persons, orphans, and widows will be directly taken care of by the Association; and whenever possible and necessary, practical advice will be given to those in need of moralization; (c) Spiritual and medical attention will be introduced whenever the needy are not in a position to provide it themselves; (d) The bureau of information will try to secure steady or temporary work for the able-bodied poor; and (e) Various other types of assistance will be given as soon as they be brought to the Association's attention to be approved by the directors and officers.


    28. Identification cards will be given out to the officers and regular members of the organization in order to protect the Association and the people from impostors who try to get money under false pretenses. These cards will bear the official seal of the society. Any individual in need of help and begging on the streets and from door to door, should be referred or turned over to the headquarters of the Association. The officers will decide whether or not this individual needs assistance.

    VII. The Information Bureau.

    29. The Association will maintain a bureau of information for the sole purpose of finding remunerative work of one kind or another for the able-bodied. At the present time this bureau will be in charge of the financial secretary. When needed, the department will be enlarged and more assistants employed.


    30. In order to justify the existence of the bureau, contacts will be made with industrial and commercial firms of Chicago and vicinity in an effort to get employment for as many of the unfortunate unemployed as it will be possible. The bureau will publish its work in the press. Circulars and letters will be distributed in an effort to popularize the bureau. The officer of the information bureau will keep in good order all the transactions done.

    VIII. General Orders.

    31. The board of directors has the privilege to obtain assistance from and affiliate with other welfare groups in Chicago and the state of Illinois, in the event the required funds cannot be raised in the vicinity of the Welfare Association.


    32. The aim of the Welfare Association is twofold: it will give not only material aid, but also spiritual and moral assistance. Every effort will be exerted to improve the unfortunate condition of the poor within the radius of the organization.

    33. If at any time, because of lack of support or other reasons, the welfare organization should become dissolved, the proceeds, if any, will go to the Holy Family Orphanage, Chicago, Illinois.

    Yesterday afternoon the Board of Directors of the Polish Welfare Association read at the Polish Hall the proposed constitution of this organization before a crowd of members and non-members. The ...

    II D 10, II D 1, II D 3, II D 4, II D 8, III C
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 29, 1892
    The Monument Project (Editorial)

    The project undertaken by Chicago Poles to raise funds to erect a statue of Kosciuszko in one of the city parks deserves praise and support.

    In this materialistic world of ours, where beautiful ideals are short lived, where our brilliant past is getting obliterated from our minds, where there is a continual severance from our forefathers' principles and spirit of endurance, this patriotic attempt merits applause. The spirit of our youth, especially of our immigrant parents, has cooled considerably in the appreciation of the endeavors, struggles, sacrifices, and heroisms of our forefathers. Today, as the current of materialism is enveloping the world, our youth is snatched by its undercurrent, and as it rises to think for itself, it finds only a smattering of Polish tradition. Yet, out of this materialistic chaos, a noble and praiseworthy project has been born.


    We firmly and emphatically aver that the Pole of today still carries a warm feeling in his heart for patriotic ideals and remembers those who have, either by pen, word, might, or sacrifice, brought fame to their country and earned credit for their accomplishments.

    At present we are entering a period which marks the one hundredth year of our last day of freedom. The century mark is about to pass that marks the time when three greedy enemies tore asunder our country to perpetrate dastardly crimes at the expense of our forefathers. Our country was eradicated from the face of the map of free peoples. Our forebears were placed in a tomb. The once freedom-loving Poles were shorn of their privileges and placed in shackles of servitude. The flower of our people either perished on the field of battle for freedom or succumbed on the field of exile of the frozen Siberian steppes.


    However, this one hundredth anniversary, although sad to the hearts of all Poles, has not passed without praise. Our heroes and martyrs who gave up their lives for a national cause are our pride and joy today, for they have shown to the world the kind of metal the Poles are made of, despite the loss of their country.

    At the head of these heroes we place our immortal leader, Thaddeus Kosciuszko. If we have fallen, we have fallen with honor and praise. "Tout est perdu, hor l'honneur." All is lost, but honor. We can rightfully use this French saying in our case.

    The praise and honor of salvation have been exemplified by our hero, Kosciuszko, who was the first to rally our provincial people under the banner of the white eagle; the first to strike at the enemy with scythes. By the might of the scythes, he captured the cannon of the archenemy and fought until the last drop of his blood gave out. He gave up because of 4the superior forces of the invaders, but he fell like a hero, fighting to the last minute, just as long as there shined a ray of hope.

    Thaddeus Kosciuszko fought not only for the freedom of his people but also for the freedom of our adopted country. The battlefields of two worlds saw his heroic prowess, and on American soil he won undying fame.

    Noble and true is the idea that the Poles in the United States want to pay tribute to this great man by erecting a bronze statue in his memory.

    Just as the proponents of this project, who have come to the front to defend the honor of our hero and country, we wholeheartedly pledge our support to make it possible for the day when all of us will commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of our struggle for freedom.


    In connection with this noble cause, we have been entertaining an idea that we would like to express to our readers. We want to present this idea without any pretense at obstructing or condemning other plans. We would rather have the public take it as a frank, open statement submitted to their judgment.

    Our hero, Thaddeus Kosciuszko, above all, fought for the freedom of Poland, of whom he was a son. He also fought for the freedom of America, but as a friend and worshiper of those who love freedom.

    Our compatriots always remember the heroic deeds of this great patriot of freedom, and many statues in his honor have been erected throughout Poland. In the old palatial fortress of Wawel, many treasured relics of his are buried with the great men of Poland and many of his memorable letters and bulletins remain untouched in the archives. His tomb has been built with the aid of thousands of people, and it is for that reason that his name will live forever.


    In this country, Thaddeus Kosciuszko did not battle for the freedom of Poland, but for the freedom of America. At that time, when Polish blood was protecting the soil of the United States, no one ever gave a thought to the idea that the Poles would some day seek the protection of this land. This thought did not even occur to Kosciuszko, for he refused the vast grants of land offered him by Washington for his military prowess.

    Therefore the people in America ought to build him a monument. If the United States is so liberal in building statues to war heroes whose deeds do not compare with Kosciuszko's while under the command of Washington, then it would be a noble gesture on its part to pay its respects to him for his services.

    The hospitality bestowed upon our hero was not because of his meritorious deeds, but because it was customary. Thousands of others were feted to a 7greater extent, and yet they did not pretend to equal the feats of Kosciuszko. America does not praise the immigrants for their sacrifices and journey. Not at all! It is done primarily for the best interest of America. The immigrants are a great source of wealth because they work hard. Where would America be today without them?

    We repeat that we are not opposed to honoring our hero, but we would like to alter the form of memorial, that is, to erect one of such a character as to prove beneficial to the Polish immigrants.

    A monument is merely bronze; its value is idealistic, gaining momentary prominence and then fading with the years. Although the sacrifices would be great, its advantage to the people would be small, let alone the hero, for whom it would gain very little respect among our materialistic generation.


    But a monument erected in honor of our noble hero, with our money, for the purpose of helping our people, would be a greater and nobler memorial, one that would give assistance to the unfortunate immigrant Poles.

    During his life, Kosciuszko did not gather any laurels, passing them on to Napoleon, but his heart was always filled to the brim with Christian goodness and hospitality to all. His famous horse would stop, out of habit, before every beggar, for his master never avoided the poor.

    What pride and honor would a memorial institution bring to our hero and our people if it were to be erected on one of the better sites of Chicago with the inscription of "Kosciuszko's Polish Memorial Hospital!"


    This kind of monument would combine both praise for our hero and compassion for our suffering people. It would forever evoke prayers of thanks for the soul of Kosciuszko. This, in reality, would be the best memorial, aere perennius, more lasting than bronze! In this memorial shelter, those getting relief from their pains would forevermore extol words of thanks to him.

    The project undertaken by Chicago Poles to raise funds to erect a statue of Kosciuszko in one of the city parks deserves praise and support. In this materialistic world of ...

    II B 2 c, II D 3, III F, III G, I C, I J
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 30, 1892
    The Polish Hospital (Editorial)

    We have received the following letter with the request that it be printed in our editorial section:

    An Appeal from the Polish Medical Practitioners of Chicago to the Poles

    "The Society of Polish Doctors practicing medicine in Chicago held the second meeting of a drive to interest the Poles of this city in a hospital of their own.

    "Although it cannot be denied that there are in Chicago many hospitals whose facilities are offered to the public at reasonable prices, the fact is that our people hesitate to go to them for medical care, and very often the doctors' recommendations of hospitalization are disregarded. The things 2that scare our people away from these hospitals cannot be discussed at present for lack of space.

    The necessity for a Polish hospital requires no profound study or explanation. If it pleases the healthy Pole to spend his idle time in a polish saloon or purchase his groceries in a Polish store, why shouldn't it be more pleasant for a sick one to be cared by a Polish physician? What could be better than to have a Polish patient confined in a Polish hospital where he is attended by Polish nuns?

    "Every group in Chicago, including the Jewish and the Negro, has its own hospital, but the Poles, who number a little over 100,000, do not have one.

    "Brother citizens, help us make this possible for our people by giving us your support and financial assistance, and we will be able to build a beautiful Polish Hospital in Chicago.


    "As it has been decided to build this hospital out of contributions and to have Polish nuns in charge, collectors will be sent out to canvass the homes for signatures pledging financial support to this project, each person contacted stipulating the amount he or she is willing to contribute. As soon as enough names are obtained, a general meeting will be held at which the plans for the hospital will be discussed. The persons attending this meeting will elect directors and officers so as to execute the original plans agreed upon at the meeting of March 25." (Signed.) Dr. B. Stryzowski, secretary; Dr. M. Kossakowski, Dr. E. Czerniewski, Dr. K. Rewkowski, Dr. J. Train, Dr. L. Ostrowski."

    It goes without saying that a Polish hospital would afford many conveniences to our people in Chicago and vicinity; not only it is badly needed, but it is a shame to all Poles not to have their own hospital, especially when smaller groups have them. This appeal is just a step in the right direction, 4as by itself alone it cannot materialize.

    This plan of the Polish physicians shows a noble effort that deserves due credit and support, but we are afraid that it is not practical, as it is almost impossible to get enough funds to build a hospital by means of popular contributions. Generally speaking the Poles are not paupers and the erection and upkeep of a hospital would be possible if enough support could be found. As it is, it will be a difficult task to find such support, for only few Poles would contribute even for the beneficial project. Small donations, of course, will not supply the necessary funds.

    The funds would have to be large enough to make the building possible on a cash basis; otherwise small contributions would have to flow continually, thus increasing the overhead. Besides, if mortgage notes can not be met, the entire plan would be doomed.


    If other groups have hospitlas, it is because they are better established in the city and have rich philanthropists to contribute large sums of money. Many times these philanthropists' contributions are so great that they are enough not only for the project itself but for the creation of a reserve fund for its expansion. We do not have very rich individuals in our colony. The best we can do is to make one philanthropist out of every few thousand Poles willing to share the expense of the hospital. Those who have tried to raise funds by popular contributions know the difficulties encountered, and that is why we say that the present plan of the medical group will meet with grave difficulties.

    We believe, however, that there is a good possibility along another road. Practically every Pole with a regular income belongs to some kind of society, and as there are many Polish societies in Chicago, it would be possible for most of them to agree upon a certain sum of money to be offered towards the hospital plan. This initial donation, plus a stipulated sum to be contributed annually, would place the project on a solid foundation. There should be no difficulties, for a hospital proposition so meritorious as this one cannot but gather the willing support of the 6members of many organizations. Through this plan the money would come from organizations that can be depended on. It is our opinion that this procedure would bring better results.

    We make this statement from past experience, and the type of plan we suggest shows at once whether or not the essential funds can be raised. With such information, it can be decided definitely whether the present plan can be worked out or not.

    We say "present plan" because we feel that the task of raising funds to carry it out would meet with greater obstacles than ever. This, of course, should not discourage its promoters to the point of scrapping it entirely.

    Today the Poles face many problems, and those who live among us are more or less familiar with them. For one thing we are continually making donations to the Holy Family Orphanage, and a welfare society has been recently formed that is asking all of us for support. Besides, contributions are being made 7right along for the Greek Catholics facing famine on Russian soil, not to mention the Monument Association, which has been receiving our support and will continue to get it for sometime, for the cost of presenting entertainments is high. To make the drain still worse, a Lithuanian Church is being built with the cooperation of many of our people. Money given towards the support of all these projects will never earn anything for the donors; it is an outright contribution, not an investment of capital.

    There is a plan followed by business enterprises, in which funds are raised through the sale of shares, the shareholders receiving returns out of their investments. Today we have two enterprises of this kind, but they have received very little publicity from our press. In addition there are a few building and loan associations that pay interest on every dollar invested.

    In view of the present setup, we contend that the hospital plan proposed by the Polish doctors has little possibility of materialization. We do 8not wish to discourage the originators of this admirable idea, but present conditions require that the plan be abandoned at least temporarily, that is, until conditions clear up.

    We wish to point out that when yesterday's editorial, "The Monument Project," appeared, the plans of the medical group were not known to us.

    We have received the following letter with the request that it be printed in our editorial section: An Appeal from the Polish Medical Practitioners of Chicago to the Poles "The ...

    II D 3, I B 3 c, III A, I C
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- November 13, 1893
    A Hospital for Poles (Submitted)

    The splendid Polish Day has passed, the Lwow Exposition looms brightly in the near future; although slowly, contributions for the Kosciusko Monument are flowing in.

    This is all very useful, noble, and necessary. Let us support these things with all our strength--but let us not forget about other needs equally important, or perhaps even more so. I refer to the matter of a Polish hospital in Chicago, which we have needed for a long time. At one time, the Polish doctors discussed this question in Dziennik[Chicagoski]; since then nothing has been heard about it. At last, on Saturday, I read a small item on the plans of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth. I commend them most heartily--and I hope for their realization. A Polish hospital is certainly a very great necessity.


    I will cite the following incident which occurred to me, as an illustration:

    While I visited a sick friend in St. Elizabeth's Hospital on Sunday, I noticed a boy, about six years old, to whom the attending Sister was saying something in English. One of the patients told me that the boy was Polish, so I walked over to his bed. The child, his head bound, his face pale and eyes sunken, was sitting up and asking for something. The nurse, leaning over him with all the tenderness of a guardian angel, endeavored to understand what the child wanted, but not knowing the language she was helpless. The child became impatient and began to cry; he was suffering, evidently. I asked the Sister in German what the trouble was. She told me that the child was suffering from some sort of insanity. Then I asked the boy in Polish: "What do you want, my child?" "Water," he answered, "water," and stretched out his arms to me.

    My countrymen! At this moment, I would like to see at that bedside all 120,000 of you Poles who live in Chicago! There is not one of you who would 3not be moved at the sight of the little fellow, his arms outstretched, his weak voice calling: "Water, water." The child was suffering from thirst for perhaps as much as half an hour, while the Sister, who would do anything to relieve him, could not understand what he wanted and thought that he was suffering from some kind of insanity.

    A few minutes later, the boy's mother came into the room, and I learned that there are five small children in his family, that the father works hard at bone sorting, and that the boy himself had been ill for a year and a half. The parents did what they could for the boy and now, when death is but a matter of time, they placed him in the hospital. Why? Because there is no Polish hospital! How can one place a child in an institution where no one can understand what he needs and what he is suffering?

    I have submitted an account of this incident to give the public an example, one that occurs daily, of why a Polish hospital is vitally necessary. I would hold it against myself had I remained silent. In addition to this, I 4have seen similar incidents at the Alexian Brothers Hospital, where, last February, three Poles who understood neither German nor English, lay. They suffered much, and treatment could hardly be expected to bring successful results.

    I repeat: We need a Polish hospital, especially a Polish hospital for women and children. Since the erection of a hospital entails great expense, the plan proposed by the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth should be supported as a beginning; the idea should be spread, so that the projected hospital will be able to serve not only Polish women but children also.

    P. Ligman.

    The splendid Polish Day has passed, the Lwow Exposition looms brightly in the near future; although slowly, contributions for the Kosciusko Monument are flowing in. This is all very useful, ...

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  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- November 27, 1893
    November Insurrection Celebration Held in South Chicago (Correspondence)

    Yesterday, November 24, the November Insurrection was commemorated in South Chicago. The celebration began at 5 P.M., because of the number of very small children who took part in the program.

    The pastor, Reverend A. Nowicki, opened the celebration with a prayer, and then called on Mr. Charles Wilkowicz to act as chairman and Mr. L. Machnikowski as secretary.

    It will be impossible to mention each number on the program separately on account of the limited space at our disposal in the columns of the Dziennik Chicagoski, so we will make note only of the more important events on the program.

    The speeches by Reverend Krawczunas and Mr. Ignacy Machnikowski were of 2historical importance. Reverend Krawczunas portrayed the entire November Insurrection in a beautiful poetic style. When he said that the graves and bones of the departed heroes even today call unto us to love our country, and prophesied a brighter future, the audience was thrilled, as if indeed a hero of the November Insurrection was speaking from beyond the grave.

    Mr. Machnikowski spoke of the centennial observance of the second partition of Poland and in eloquent terms outlined the causes of the fall of our country, then pointed out the way to the restoration of Poland. The audience applauded vociferously.

    The singing of the male choirs and of the school children was excellent and the audience applauded in approval.

    A girls' trio and school children who recited (sorry we did not get their names) were very good, while the exercises of junior "Kosvniers" and the rhythmic 3exercises of the Cadets under the leadership of Mr. L. Machnikowski evoked thunderous applause.

    The crowning effort of the evening's entertainment was the "Kindergarten" (so named by the Rev. Nowicki).

    These children, four and five years old, boys and girls, dressed neatly, were instructed by the venerable Sisters of Nazareth. There were about forty of them, all as beautiful as angels. The girls were empty-handed, but the boys carried small swords. After marching by twos, fours, and in groups, they came to a stop, with the boys in front and girls in the rear; then, to the utter astonishment of all assembled, these children, barely able to talk, began to sing to the tune of "Jeszcze Polska Nie Zginela" (Poland Is Not Dead Yet).

    It is difficult for me to describe the joy and enthusiasm of the audience when the boys began stamping their tiny feet in time and raising their swords aloft, and the girls, with appropriate gestures, concluded each stanza with words 4composed by the venerable Sisters of Nazareth as follows:

    "March, march all together!

    When time for freedom comes

    We will leave America

    And return to Poland."

    But this was not all. A five-year-old lieutenant, the commander of this armed and unarmed column, placed his sword in its scabbard, ordered the others to do likewise, then stepped forward and, with the demeanor of an old timer, rendered a poem entitled "The Holy Love of Fatherland".

    If we are not mistaken the name of this five-year-old boy is John Gorzynski. Thanking the audience for their generous applause he took out his sword once again and commanded the others to do the same. Then all sang together:

    "You, big boys, and small boys,


    March, march all together!

    When the time for freedom comes,

    We will leave America

    And return to Poland."

    It would be impossible to describe the happiness and rapture of those present, or to estimate the applause given to these children, small in body but great of heart, patriots, for their wonderful performance.

    After the applause ceased, Reverend Nowicki announced that guests were present not only from South Chicago, but from other localities also, and then introduced Reverend Eugene Siedlaczek, Reverend John Kasprzycki, and Reverend J. Piechowski from St. Stanislaus Parish, and Reverend Byrger from Bridgeport. He then asked Mr. Szczesny Zahajkiewicz to say a few words. Speaking in a humorous and dignified manner, he told the pastor and the parishioners the truth, and showered praise on them for the wonderful training the children had received.

    Reverend Nowicki concluded the celebration with a beautiful oration. He rejoiced 6in the fact that the two parishes, St. Michael Archangel and the Immaculate Nativity, jointly prepared this celebration. He further stressed the duties of Polish women, the proper care of children, correct behavior for the young people, the necessity of studying their country's language, etc.

    It is worthy of note that the hall was completely filled. To conserve space all of the seats were removed, and even though everybody had to stand, there was no commotion of any kind. We have seldom seen an audience that behaved so well. The entire celebration, from the beginning to the end, was sincere, heartfelt, and truly patriotic toward Poland.

    Hail to the reverend fathers, sisters, and teachers for this flower of youth whom you taught so well! Hail also to you, Poles, who spare no expense or trouble to educate your children in a godly manner and in true Polish tradition.

    After the singing of the national anthem, "God Save Poland," by all those 7assembled, Reverend Nowicki collected $27.85 in voluntary contributions, one half of which is to be given to the hospital, the other half to the Lwow Exposition.

    "March, march altogether!

    We will leave America,

    And return to Poland!"

    Not A Parishioner

    Yesterday, November 24, the November Insurrection was commemorated in South Chicago. The celebration began at 5 P.M., because of the number of very small children who took part in the ...

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  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- December 01, 1893
    Poles in Chicago A Letter of Thanks

    I wish to thank the societies of The Immaculate Conception Parish of South Chicago, as well as the societies from my parish, for their generous offerings made during the celebration of the anniversary of the November Insurrection held on November 29. The collection amounted to $27.85 of which I gave $13.95 to the treasurer of the Central Committee of the Lwow Exposition and $13.90 to the Sisters of Nazareth for their hospital.

    Reverend Adolph Nowicki,

    Pastor of St. Michael Archangel Parish, South


    I wish to thank the societies of The Immaculate Conception Parish of South Chicago, as well as the societies from my parish, for their generous offerings made during the celebration ...

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