The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Zgoda -- March 13, 1889
    Polish Falcons

    The gymnastic education society entitled "Polish-American Falcons" was organized with the intention of affording to the Polish youth an opportunity to educate themselves mentally and develop physically.

    It is well known, dear fellow men, that the above mentioned society has now and will have the following aims:

    First, to lend a helping hand whenever needed and to live in peace amongst ourselves like brothers. To join with other organizations, like the Polish National Alliance, and by it help to build a Polish hall here in Chicago.

    Second, to produce Polish theatricals, recitals, concerts, etc., as by this alone we shall obstruct the path to evil into which our youth might fall. So for this reason I make a plea to our friends, especially to the Polish youth, to join our Polish-American Falcons' organization, and by working together we will show other nationalities that our Polish mother doesn't 2need to be ashamed of her children.

    So come young and old to our meetings that take place every first Sunday of the month at 2 o'clock in the afternoon in the hall of Mr. Nalepinski, at Noble and Chopin street.

    As to the question of building a Polish hall, it could be accomplished in a short while.

    The gymnastic education society entitled "Polish-American Falcons" was organized with the intention of affording to the Polish youth an opportunity to educate themselves mentally and develop physically. It is well ...

    III E, II B 3, III B 2, II E 3, II B 1 c 3, II B 1 a
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- December 22, 1890
    Polish Activity in Chicago

    We are glad to hear that the Poles are developing a practical side to their nature. They need it in this country. This new spirit is shown by the newly organized Polish Hunters' Club in Chicago. The purpose of the club is to provide necessary conveniences for its members; such as, arranging for hunting excursions, buying railroad fare tickets at reduced rates, purchasing of ammunition at low cost, finding suitable locations for hunting, and other functions. The members expect a 66% reduction on the railroad fare alone.

    Every member of the club is obliged to buy at least two shares from any building and loan association. These shares will remain the private property of the members, however, they may be used as security for buying real estate or other tangible property for the club, when the special 2consent of the members of the club is given. The initiation fee is only $1.00 and the membership dues are ten cents per month.

    Other necessary information can be obtained from Mr. Durski, the secretary of the club, 662 Noble St., who accepts new members. Later on, we will inform our readers about new developments of the club.

    We are glad to hear that the Poles are developing a practical side to their nature. They need it in this country. This new spirit is shown by the newly ...

    II B 3, III B 2
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- February 04, 1892
    New Sokol Organized

    A new gymnastic society was organized on the northwest side of Chicago Sunday, January 31, called "Sokol Society." The aim of this new organization is to give its members a thorough physical training. Contests will also be held.

    It is a well-known fact that a definite routine of exercise is beneficial to the body and the mind. It keeps the body physically fit, and the mind clear and agile.

    The aim of this society is also to train Polish youth for competition in tournaments, in gymnastics, and awaken within them the love for their native people and their native tongue.


    This organization is divided into two classes: Active embers and supporting members. The difference between the two is that the former must attend classes twice a week for instruction, besides attending a regular meeting. The latter attends only the meetings.

    Children of members and non-members will be taken in and given special training. At the present time, however, boys only will be enrolled.

    All Polish people interested and familiar with this particular kind of training, and have children whom they would like have given physical instruction are invited to attend a special meeting Sunday February 7, The meeting will take place at Anthony Greenwald's hall, 668 Holt Avenue, at 7 P.M. Plans of this organization will be discussed. Those desiring to become members, or wish to enroll their children will gladly be accepted. New members will be registered free of charge at the present time.

    A new gymnastic society was organized on the northwest side of Chicago Sunday, January 31, called "Sokol Society." The aim of this new organization is to give its members a ...

    II B 3, III E
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- February 22, 1892
    The Poles a Survey of Chicago's Polish Population

    The Poles, as a part of Chicago's population, belong to those nationalities which are especially outstanding, like the Bohemians, Danes, Swedes etc. The Polish population of our city numbers not less than 60,000. A peculiar characteristic of this nation is their tenacity in sticking together in their different colonies. They live in seclusion as a people, more than any other Europeans, and one feels like a stranger passing through their colonies.

    The most extensive Polish settlement is located in the Sixteenth Ward, Noble Street, Elston Avenue etc. In this neighborhood live not less than 30,000 Poles. Almost as large is the Polish colony on Seventeenth Street, Paulina, Laurel and vicinity. The chief factor of their seclusion is the Catholic Church. The largest congregation is the St. Stanislaus Kostka Church, located at Ingraham and Noble Streets.

    The Polish immigration to Chicago started thirty-eight years ago. Anton Schermann, J. Niemezewski, J. Dziewior, who are still alive, and are honored like patriarchs, were among the first settlers....


    The immigrants of those early years were almost exclusively poor working men; but nearly all of them became well-to-do. The colony grew very slowly until 1873, when large numbers of Poles from Russia and Prussia came to Chicago. At that time the colonies on the south side and in South Chicago were founded. When in 1884 twenty-thousand Poles were banished from their old country, the largest portion came to America, and of these the majority settled in Chicago. The largest Polish population of American cities is in Chicago.

    The Poles have eight churches in Chicago, and the largest among them is the St. Stanislaus Kostka Church, which has thirty thousand members. The church, the school, the home for the nuns and the priests cover a whole city square. The school is a four story brick building and more than three thousand pupils attend. Eight men teachers and twenty nuns comprise the staff.....Two high schools were also erected by the church recently...and an orphanage.

    The two largest associations of the Polish population are the Polish Roman-Catholic National Union and the Polish National Alliance. The interests and activities of these organizations are closely allied to eccleciastical and national purposes. They have branches all over the United States and are also 3active in works of charity. P. Kiolbassa is the president of the Union, and its office of administration is at 141 - 143 West Division Street. This building belongs to the Polish Publishing Company.

    The above mentioned company publishes two Polish newspapers, Dziennik Chicagoski, a daily, and the Wiarai Ojczyzna (Faith and Fatherland), a weekly, and is the organ of the Polish Roman-Catholic National Union, which has a membership of about 8,000. The National Alliance was organized twelve years ago. It has 4,500 members, and their slogan is; "Poland is not yet lost."

    Besides the already mentioned papers, others are published: the Gazeta Polska, established 1873, the weekly Tygodnik Powiesciowy, the Gazeta Katolicka and the Dzien Swiety.

    At present there is a movement on foot among the Poles to erect a monument in Humboldt Park to that great Polish champion of liberty, Kosciusko. The Chopin Choir and the dramatic Club of young people contribute to their entertainment.


    They also have two athletic clubs, and a number of small societies which are active in charitable endeavors under the supervision of the clergy.

    The Poles, as a part of Chicago's population, belong to those nationalities which are especially outstanding, like the Bohemians, Danes, Swedes etc. The Polish population of our city numbers not ...

    III A, III C, III G, IV, II D 4, III B 2, II B 2 d 1, II B 2 d 2, II C, II D 10, II B 3
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 17, 1892
    A Letter to the Editors from the Holy Name Society

    Chicago, Ill.,

    March 14, 1892.

    Dear Friends, Polish Catholics!

    The fraternal order of the Holy Name Society of St. Albert's parish held its semi-annual meeting Saturday, March 5. A general report on the financial status revealed that the organization is functioning on a sound basis. Three new members have been initiated into the order.

    The Holy Name Society is associated with the Roman-Catholic Union and follows the latter's by-laws in every respect. This connection enables the Society to use the services of the Union's doctor, who examines every 2member at the time of entering the Holy Name Society. Only candidates of sound physical health are accepted. All must pass the doctor's examination. Members that become ill are given medical attention by the same doctor. It has been estimated that during the past three months over one hundred dollars has been saved by this medical service which is rendered free to the members.

    All the activities of this society, both social and athletic, have been carried with success and order. The directors of this organization are proud of this record.

    The following is a resume of the benefits received from this society:

    1. Five dollars per week is given in case of sickness. Members will make regular visits if permissible. In case the sick member requires some 3assistance in the home, the society furnishes the necessary help.

    2. Death benefits: husbands, $600; wives $300. Eight pall bears will be furnished. Entire funeral to be directed by the society.

    Membership entrance fee is as follows:

    From the ages 20 to 30 $5.00
    " " " 30 to 35 $6.00
    " " " 35 to 40 $ 7.00
    " " " 40 to 45 $9.00

    We ask the Polish Catholics of the city of Chicago to investigate the advantages the Holy Name Society offers to its members. The public is 4invited to visit the office of the secretary at 630 W. 17th Street, or the headquarters of the society at St. Albert's parish. All will be gladly welcomed.

    Very truly yours,

    Frances Nowak, President.

    Chicago, Ill., March 14, 1892. Dear Friends, Polish Catholics! The fraternal order of the Holy Name Society of St. Albert's parish held its semi-annual meeting Saturday, March 5. A general ...

    III C, II D 1, II D 3, II D 2, II B 3
  • Zgoda -- August 14, 1892
    New Gymnastic Society for Young Polish Women

    There was organized in the northwest part of Chicago a Polish gymnastic society for young Polish women. Its practical uses are extensive. The organizers of this new society are concerned above all about the beneficial results derived from it for the health of Polish women, who sometimes work hard and waste their strength. Secondly, it is our intention to furnish our young ladies pleasant exercise, in their own circle, and above that, awaken in their hearts and souls the desire for higher accomplishments through elevating the spirit by mutual work for the good of all.

    I appeal to you, sisters, and beseech you to join our circle for mutual benefit; let us convince all that we do not remain in slumber. We will direct our work toward national aims. Let the wings of the "Falcon" be our protection. The next meeting will take place September 18, 1892, at 5 P.M. in Greenwald's Hall, at Holt avenue. In this hall we have our gymnastic exercises every Wednesday, beginning at 8 o'clock.


    In the name of the committee I have the honor to request the Polish young women for their kindly attendance at the above named meeting and also for their presence at the gymnastic exercises for the purpose of witnessing both.

    You may register as a member of our circle during the exercises at the regular meeting, held every Wednesday during the first three months. At present, during the organization of this society, the new members may register free of charge.

    There was organized in the northwest part of Chicago a Polish gymnastic society for young Polish women. Its practical uses are extensive. The organizers of this new society are concerned ...

    II B 3, I M, I K, III E
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- September 18, 1892
    Polish Cycle Club to Be Organized

    The founders of the Polish Cycle Club invite all cyclists to get in touch with J. A. Gintowt, 703 West 18th Street, or Edwin M. Dyniewicz, 532 Noble Street, relative to devising plans for a permanent organization.

    The founders of the Polish Cycle Club invite all cyclists to get in touch with J. A. Gintowt, 703 West 18th Street, or Edwin M. Dyniewicz, 532 Noble Street, relative ...

    II B 3
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- September 30, 1892
    Dr. Dunikowski's Farewell Reception 6,000 Fill Polish Hall to Bid Noted Polish Doctor Good-by; School Children Also Attend

    Yesterday was indeed a day of festivity for the Poles on the Northwest Side of Chicago. It was a day of feting and bidding farewell to Dr. Emil Habdank Dunikowski, distinguished delegate from our beloved country.

    The festivities in honor of the Doctor took place at the St. Stanislaus School hall; they consisted of a banquet at 1 P. M., a special program by the school children at 5 P. M., and a general meeting later in the evening.

    Long before the time set for the banquet, long tables had been arranged and covered with tempting appetizers and the spacious hall had been decorated with banners and flowers. All the arrangements were in charge of Reverend Vincent Barzynski, pastor of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish, B. Klarkowski, S. Zahajkiewiez, and the committee. Many prominent Poles were already in the hall before 21 P. M., when Reverend Barzynski and the committee entered. The guest of honor, Dr. E. H. Dunikowski, made his appearance a little later.

    All the guests received fresh flowers to be worn as boutonniers. At about 1:30 P. M. everyone was seated at the decorated tables. In the middle of the horseshoe arrangement was Dr. Dunikowski, with Reverend Barzynski at his right and W. Smulski at his left. Priests from Chicago and out of town were seated along both sides, as well as many prominent members of the Polish National Alliance.

    We will not waste space in describing the menu; suffice it to say that everything was tasty and plentiful, just as in the olden days of Poland.

    After the meal, Mr. Smulski called upon Reverend V. Barzynski to greet the honored guest. The pastor, in a few words, said that the greeting was in reality a farewell. In his speech, which was interspersed with a touch of humor, the pastor elaborated upon the Polish accomplishments in America, pointing out the moral stand of the Poles, mentioning some of their defects, and expressing 3hopes in the future of the Polish community. He said that although there was some evil among our people, it could be eradicated if we would stick together. "When this occurs," he said, "it then can be said: Evil was among our people, passed like lightning, and is no more."

    Dr. Dunikowski was next to speak. He began by expressing his appreciation for the cordiality shown him during his short stay among the Poles of Chicago. He told the assemblage how fortunate he felt to be among real Poles in America, in Chicago. Then he began to talk about Poland.

    "When Poland was greedily divided by our enemies", he said, "it was thought that she was dead forever, but she is alive and will continue to live. Today the vast expense of the ocean does not separate us so much--only on paper. The Poland along the Vistula, along the Warta, and along Lake Michigan is one and the same."

    When Dr. Dunikowski arrived in Chicago, he was amazed at the size of our Polish 4community. Later during his stay, he accepted an invitation for a trip to other Polish communities in Wisconsin and Michigan.

    "In your community lives Poland," he continued.

    As the delegate from Poland looked about the entire hall, he was astonished by the number of Polish-American young people who had come to pay homage, not to an individual, but to an ideal. He saw the officials of the Polish National Alliance and the Polish Roman Catholic Union. "Why, the names of their organs alone explain their purpose: Wiara i Ojczyzna (Faith and Fatherland) and Zgoda (Concord)," he said. "Could there be better and more loftier watchwords? Verily, eternal faith and imbedded love for the fatherland should be the foundation of our existence, as suggested by the title "Wiara i Ojczyzna". "Zgoda," too, means a great deal, for concord is essential to our well-being and with it we will become strong. Respect one another, work together, cast aside individualism, and if there are noble aims which require the efforts of two factions, get together and reach an understanding," continued Dr. Dunikowski.


    The guest of honor concluded his speech with a toast, in which he expressed the hope that the light of agreement would penetrate the barrier between the two Polish factions on the shores of Lake Michigan. The audience was greatly impressed by his words. Enthusiastic applause greeted Dr. E. H. Dunikowski as he made his bow.

    E. Z. Brodowski was next to speak. He said that the Poles in America and the Poles in Europe are more interested in each other every day. According to him, this mutual interest is an outgrowth of their love for the fatherland, a love which constitutes the thread that ties the immigrants to their huts and fields, as in their old country. The immigrants, leaving one country for another had in mind the hope of finding a better fatherland. Their thoughts are based on Ibi patria ubi bone (There one's country [is], where [one fares] well). But in this lies only half the truth, for every immigrant brings a part of the old country with him in his heart. The generations flowing out of this spring become important historical and social factors. After pointing out a means of mutual reciprocation between the old country and the immigrants, Mr. Brodowski 6gave a toast.

    "I raise this goblet in honor of our fatherland, which I hope may never die in our hearts, in honor of our common interests abroad and in this country. I quaff the nectar of this cup in honor of our distinguished guest, who brought to us the thought and confirmation of this co-operation!"

    The young Polish attorney, M. Drzymala, was also called upon to say a few words He spoke in English and said that he represented the class of young Poles born in this country who never saw the Polish fatherland; he thanked the parents, the local priests, and the local teachers for keeping the ardor for the true fatherland alive in them. The speaker was greatly applauded at this point. Mr. Drzymala touched upon the Know-nothing party, saying that the latter would like to give this patriotic feeling a death blow. He pointed out that the love for our adopted country, as well as for the country of our origin, was too strong to weaken under any attack. He urged all to oppose any such moves against them, for they are unconstitutional. In conclusion, Mr. Drzymala spoke of the 7future possibilities for us in America, saying that we can take part in its government and at the same time work for the benefit of our people and our country.

    H. Lubienski drank a toast to the Polish-American press, and also pointed out its weak spots and suggested a remedy to eliminate them.

    Another toast was given in honor of the Polish clergy in America by Michael Osuch, who spoke about their accomplishments.

    "The Polish priests are responsible for the building of many beautiful churches and schools which help preserve and propagate our religion, nationality, and traditions. But this is not all. Our priesthood, considering it imperative, entered every field of endeavor in America with one purpose in mind: to keep our people together. All of them are performing their missions with zeal and should be commended for it," said Mr. Osuch.

    The next speaker was A. Satelecki, who said that the aim of the Polish National 8Alliance is [to preserve] "Faith and Fatherland"; he offered a toast in the name of the Alliance to the good health of Dr. Dunikowski.

    Another toast was given in honor of the Polish Sokols and Polish Knights of America by Casimir Zychlinski. Beginning his toast with the words, "With strong body and strong mind," he went on to speak of the importance of building the body by means of gymnastic exercises and drilling in military tactics. This kind of training, said the speaker, is invaluable to any people under our circumstances. Mr. Zychlynski cited the example set by the Sokols of Lwow, which spread their wings far and wide over Galicia and took thousands of Polish youngsters under their protection. He also spoke of the introduction of the Sokols in America, concluding his speech with "Long Live Poland! Long Live the Polish Sokols!"

    "Every cup contains a drop of bitterness," said Dr. Dunikowski, who was called upon to speak again, "and the bitter drop on this splendid occasion is the thought of parting." With warm words, the Polish delegate promised that he would tell his countrymen what he had seen in America. His words of farewell 9were said softly, slowly, and sadly.

    After a few words by Reverend Kobylinski of Hammond, Indiana, Szczesny Zahajkiewicz rose to offer the last toast of the evening. His toast was, "love one another". This noted Polish writer said that only love lifts us toward heaven. The atmosphere in the hall was permeated with this feeling.

    "I wish I could make this feeling of brotherly love permanent," declared Mr. Zahajkiewicz." There are different factions and different opinions among us, but in spite of all this there can be a common feeling in regard to general affairs. We can travel on various roads, but let these roads lead us to only one Rome--love for our fatherland. Love one another!" concluded Mr. Zahajkiewicz.

    The banquet ended at 4:30 P. M. Because of lack of time [to prepare for the children's program], an effort was made to clear the banquet hall of photographers. Little success was gained in this direction.


    The school children's farewell program in honor of Dr. E. H. Dunikowski was the highlight of the afternoon; it began at 5:30 P. M. and continued until 7: P. M.

    The boys of St. Stanislaus Kostka's School were the first to present themselves proudly to their honored guest. A speech of welcome was delivered by Mr. Pawlowski, teacher, after which the boys' choir under the direction of Szczesny Zahajkiewicz sang a medley of Polish melodies. Next in line were gymnastic drills by various groups. Kopczynski, one of the pupils, gave a recitation, and the choir sang two numbers--"Marsz Sokolow" (March of the Sokols) and "Boze Cos Polske" (God Save Poland).

    The rest of the program was taken up by pupils of the section for girls and small boys under the care of the Sisters of Notre Dame. The girls' church choir opened the program of welcome with "Wielki Jest Pan" (Mighty Is the Lord), after which Casimir Adamowski recited the beautiful sonnet "Dworek" (Little Manor House). The choir sang two more songs, the Misses Kosinska, Jankowska, 11and Carrel played piano solos, and a small boy, Victor Kolakowski, recited a poem in English.

    The girls' gymnastic drill, called "Columbian Drill," in which a score or more of small girls garbed in native costumes and colors participated, received a storm of applause. Their movements were so remarkably executed that one could not but marvel at their perfect rhythm. These demonstrations showed not only that the school was capable of producing scholarly students but also that it built their bodies by means of systematic gymnastic exercises.

    To complete the program, three girls--Literska, Kubicka, and Jechorek--offered Dr. Dunikowski a basket of beautiful fresh flowers, with an inscription, wishing him a happy farewell, from the school teachers. The three girls, who had memorized the farewell piece, recited it simultaneously to their guest of honor. The words were actually both of welcome and of farewell. The girls asked Dr. Dunikowski to remember them when he returned to Europe and to tell the Polish people that they were studying Polish and praying for the fatherland.


    This warm feeling of patriotism moved not only the guest but everyone present as well.

    The curtain fell on the afternoon's entertainment with the singing of a patriotic song by the girls' choir. One could not help feeling a thrill before this demonstration [of patriotism] on the part of our Polish-American youth.

    Although the children's program was one to be long remembered, the mass meeting hold that very same evening was also a great success. Over six thousand people jammed the hall, and the only regret was that there was not enough time to present the program that had been arranged in its entirety, in spite of the fact that the meeting lasted until 11:30 P. M.

    Soon after the children's program was over and the place prepared for the evening crowd, hundreds of ardent Polish patriots began to fill the hall. The main floor was soon filled and then the gallery; all available standing room was crowded and hundreds of people had to be turned away.


    Escorted by Polish soldiers [uniformed members of societies], Dr. Dunikowski made his way to the stage through the main aisle. These soldiers, in full regalia, were made up of representatives of all the Knighthood societies of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish.

    After the orchestra under the direction of Rudolph Henzle had finished playing a stirring Polish march, Reverend Vincent Barzynski opened the meeting, expressing his sincere appreciation to the audience for its enthusiastic co-operation. After informing the audience of the purpose of Dr. Dunikowski's visit to America, Reverend Barzynski concluded his speech by urging everyone to fulfill his duty concerning national problems, to remain loyal, and to safeguard the Polish spirit in our hearts.

    August J. Kowalski said that he considered his appointment as president of the program an honor and thanked all for their confidence. Thereupon he asked S. Zahajkiewicz, secretary of the program, to take his place.

    After the singing of a number of Polish songs by the men's choir under the 14direction of A. Kwasigroch, the president called upon Reverend Barzynski to deliver the first speech of the evening. After a short introduction in which he spoke of the solidarity of the Poles in America and Europe, the pastor went on to the object of his speech and pointed out that the Poles' greatest misfortune is lack of unity in their ranks.

    "We are divided and, consequently, there is always dissension among us. The unity we lack is not necessary for any diplomatic or warring purpose, far from it.....But twenty million people of Polish blood, solidly unified, would most certainly be greater than any diplomatic or military front....Are there, however, twenty thousand, or two thousand unified Poles, solid and strong of character? Alas, there are not! Poland fell because of the faults of her mis-government, by the will of Providence. Until we heal ourselves of this undesirable sore spot, we will somehow remain a loss in the school of experimentation. To us this school is the United States. Upon this democratic soil, we ought to learn that disagreement and lack of unity and brotherhood are detrimental to us and lower our standing in the eyes of other people.


    "Because of necessity," continued Reverend Barzynski," we are learning self-help. But we ought to teach ourselves national unity and solidarity, which is power. We ought to have the same objectives and the same rights, and support those of us who have withstood the test. We ought to be able to find, respect and obey such men. Our honored delegate from Poland is offering to co-operate. Let us come to a better understanding, reach unity, and there will not be enough bayonets and czars in the world to annihilate us.....But as things are today, separated like dust by the wind, nothing of importance can be accomplished. True, we are of dust, yet we can turn to the fear of God, to the realization that God will judge us by our deeds, [and this is] especially true of those who sin in public affairs, for they cause wrong to their children and their children's children...."

    Such was the essence of Reverend Barzynski's speech. Lack of space prevents us from giving it in its entirety. The audience was greatly moved by the speaker's fervor and applauded him generously.

    After the pastor left the rostrum, the orchestra played a number of Polish songs.


    John Nehring took the speaker's stand when the orchestra's last note faded away. He implored the Polish delegate from Europe to tell the Polish people [in Poland] how the Poles in America live, how they work for their daily bread and strive to achieve national ideals. He also begged Dr. Dunikowski to mention the fact that Polish-American youth is not lost, for it feels the spirit of Polish patriotism and supports the banner which bears the slogan "Faith and Fatherland," that it has not forgotten the Polish tongue, and that it cherishes the Polish national songs. Mr. Nehring concluded his speech with the cry, "Poland is not yet lost!"

    Drills by the military societies [Cadets, Knights, etc.] were remarkable for their precision. The first person to reward the Knights with applause for their flawless execution was Dr. Dunikowski.

    Vincent Jozwiakowski, with his customary ardor, recited "I Am Proud to Be a Pole", a poem by Szczesny Zahajkiewies.

    At this point of the program, Dr. Dunikowski came upon the stage accompanied by 17a group of girls dressed in white, several Polish priests, and the presidents of the Polish societies. After all were seated on the stage, Dr. Dunikowski arose to speak about the purpose of his mission.

    His speech, which was the longest he delivered during his stay in Chicago, dealt, as did all his previous ones, with the need for creating a feeling of unity among all Poles. He spoke of a thing which is very close to our hearts--our people. We regret that we cannot quote his speech verbatim.

    The guest of honor began his address by saying that he felt very happy at seeing this demonstration of loyalty. He praised the Chicago Poles for their hospitality and character.

    "A person who goes away from his native country to live in a strange one, cherished the memory of his country, which, in case of need, may offer him succor. This person, when occasion calls, is proud to boast of his country's power and beauty. This feeling is imbedded in all of us. We love Poland, in 18spite of the fact that she is torn apart on three fronts, shackled, and prisoned....And because of this, our loyalty is far nobler," said the speaker.

    Dr. Dunikowski told the audience how he had gone to a church and to a cemetery where the bodies of the valiant Poles who shed their blood for the freedom of Poland rest, to pray and seek help for the fulfillment of his mission. He also said that he had talked with the small hills on the far frontiers of Poland and with the Sigismund Bell in the tower of the Wawel Cathedral. According to him, it seemed as if all these memorable places had told him to send their best regards to the Poles in faraway America.

    "I came here with fright, for I was afraid to have my spell of loyalty broken," declared Dr. E. H. Dunikowski, "but to my surprise I found more than I anticipated. Polish life is growing everywhere--churches and schools are being built, societies organized, and singing groups are being formed to preserve Polish songs. This ant-like work will not be forgotten by my people when I return." Then he went on to explain his purpose in America, saying that he had 19come here to strengthen the relations between the Poles of Europe and those of America and to elevate the Polish name.

    The Polish delegate closed his speech by approving the present plans for the Kesciusko Monument. He also praised the Poles for their great work in Chicago. His last words were: "Work, and the fatherland will rise once again!"

    S. Zahajkiewicz commended Dr. Dunikowski for his wonderful speech and passed comment on it, pointing out again the ideals of the Polish representative. He mentioned the fact that the Poles in America are like an undesirable seed that was east aside but sprouted and bore fruit. Much of this fruit on this free soil learned to feel and think in Polish continued Mr. Zahajkiewicz. "After the honorable words of the Polish delegate, we now await results from our country," concluded the speaker.

    Some of Chicago's oldest Polish citizens were presented [to Dr. Dunikowski]. Each was called to take a bow. John Arkuszewski, Anthony Rudnicki, and 20Jacob Mucha spoke of their efforts when they were the pioneers in the Polish community, and painted a picture of the times prior to the erection of St. Stanislaus Kosta's Parish and of the struggles that followed. Their language was simple but to the point. Their speeches served as an example of the Polish spirit in Chicago to the delegate.

    The lateness of the hour made it impossible to complete the rest of the program. The national song, "God Save Poland", concluded the program.

    Yesterday was indeed a day of festivity for the Poles on the Northwest Side of Chicago. It was a day of feting and bidding farewell to Dr. Emil Habdank Dunikowski, ...

    III H, II B 2 d 1, II B 1 a, III B 2, II B 3, III A, III C, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- October 04, 1892
    Polish Cyclists' Club Organized

    Last Sunday, October 2, at 2 P. M., thirty-eight Polish cyclists met in the home of E. M. Dyniewicz, 532 Noble Street, to discuss plans for organizing a cyclists' club. After a short discussion, it was agreed to call this group "The Polish Cyclists' Club". At this meeting Mr. E. M. Dyniewicz was elected president and cashier; Roman Heyman and J. A. Gintowt were elected secretary and captain respectively.

    The next meeting will be held at the president's home on Sunday, October 9, at 8:30 P. M. All interested persons are urged to attend.

    Roman Heyman, Secretary.

    Last Sunday, October 2, at 2 P. M., thirty-eight Polish cyclists met in the home of E. M. Dyniewicz, 532 Noble Street, to discuss plans for organizing a cyclists' club. ...

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  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- November 04, 1892
    Polish Hunters Society

    At a meeting held yesterday by the Polish Hunters Society, it was decided to go to Harvey on Sunday in order to look over some lots the Society is planning to purchase. The members will meet Sunday, at 12:30 P. M., at the Polk Street depot.

    For further details, call at the office of A. J. Kowalski, on Noble Street, at 11:30 A. M. The trip will be free to all members.

    At a meeting held yesterday by the Polish Hunters Society, it was decided to go to Harvey on Sunday in order to look over some lots the Society is planning ...

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