The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- February 14, 1891
    America and Poland (Editorial)

    Come to me all you who are oppressed and enslaved. You, who are not allowed to act, speak, feel, and think, according to the dictates of your heart in your own land; come under "protecting wings of freedom." Here you may profess your religion, express your emotions, and love your country openly, for here we have freedom and independence.

    Free America appeals to the Irish, Poles, and all similarly oppressed nations. Those who have lived in bondage can seek freedom here. Here they breathe freely, and rest in peace, and here, with pride, they become citizens of a free country, which is not ruled either by the Czar or knout.

    To this country have come the Germans, Frenchmen, Italians, Spaniards, Englishmen, and Swedes, whose fatherland they will always cherish, but 2their government was a burden to them. To this country have come all nationalities for the purpose of creating a great Republic of the free, and unfortunate; here also have come those who are unworthy of freedom and liberty, and for this reason the right kind of citizens must make laws which will protect us against the evil influence of the undesirables.

    However, a person does not cease to be a son of his motherland on account of becoming a naturalized citizen of this country. His presence and exemplary life in this country are a living protest against conditions created by a certain clique in his native land. It is an example of a life which he desires to see in his fatherland. It is an endeavor to introduce these conditions in a country which he left.

    If we wish to make this example affective, if we wish to open the eyes of the blind, or of those who abuse authority, we must enact practical laws and obey them.


    This example is workable, for it operates in all countries which have introduced democratic constitutions, except in Russia.

    These reforms in the democratic countries have been affected by the good example of the United States. This example has opened the eyes of the oppressed, and also of the oppressors; the first demanded more rights, and the second granted them. If the governments of those democratic governments do not function properly, it is because the example was not, and is not yet perfect. Let us improve this example. Let us make it worthy of imitation, and the results produced by its influence in the next hundred years will be more apparent.

    In order to accomplish this, we must have, above all, good schools, for "knowledge is mother of wisdom, and ignorance is mother of bondage. We must have good schools, schools that educate mind and heart, because one is incomplete without the other; schools which teach knowledge and morality; schools that are not below the standard of those in Europe, 4if we wish to bring up good citizens, an example for Europe.

    Freedom does not mean giving up the faith, language, or traditions, of the fathers. Only the Czar's government is depriving its people of these things by means of the knout. Democratic governments do not do that.

    The English language has been adopted as a medium of thought exchange in the United States, because the English originally, were predominant in this country. As good citizens, we should know the language of the country, but this does not mean that this country is forcing any one to give up his native tongue. A country must have a common language for the good of the whole nation, and every good citizen should know it.

    Come to me all you who are oppressed and enslaved. You, who are not allowed to act, speak, feel, and think, according to the dictates of your heart in your ...

    I C, I A 1 a, I A 3, I F 2, I F 4, I F 6, I E
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- November 02, 1891
    Polish Activities Polish Democrats Hold Meeting

    Last night, Polish Democrats held a political meeting at the Polish hall on Bradley Street. Last Monday there was also a political meeting held by Polish Democrats at Walsh's Hall, located at Milwaukee Avenue and Noble Street. As we have already reported, the hall was only half filled. We thought that this happened because many persons were not aware of the meeting. For this reason, in the Saturday issue of our journal, we called the special attention of our readers to last night's meeting. In spite of this, the Polish hall at Bradley Street was only half filled. It is very sad that the Poles are so little interested in politics, in which they should take an active part, because it is for their own good and the good of the working class.

    Mr. August J. Kowalski opened the meeting by inviting Mr. Peter Kiolbassa to 2speak; he was greeted by a storm of applause. The latter made a suggestion, which was accepted, that Francis Wleklinski be made secretary.

    Mr. Peter Kiolbassa began his speech as follows: "Let us vote a straight Democratic ticket and show our strength. Let us remember that there are many intrigants in the Republican party; not only intrigants but also enemies of our faith. With these we must struggle, and we wish to conquer them. Every citizen of Chicago has his privileges, but he also has his obligations. It is the duty of every Pole to vote for a candidate friendly towards us and from whom the working class can expect some help later on. There are candidates on the Democratic ticket who are friendly towards us despite the fact that they belong to a different nationality. These candidates should get every Polish vote." Mr. Kiolbassa's speech was received with a great applause.

    The next speaker was Alderman [Stanley] Kunz of the Sixteenth Ward. He made special reference to the election of aldermen and commissioners by stating 3that five delegates are elected from every precinct and these later on nominate the candidates. Therefore, every Pole should know for whom he is going to vote. The next speaker was Mr. Cooley, who was followed by Mr. Bogle. As both were candidates for trustees of the Sanitary District, their speeches were alike. "All contagious diseases, such as typhoid fever, diphtheria, scarlet fever, etc., are caused by contaminated water. We throw into the river all kinds of rubbish, which flows into the lake from which we drink water. If we construct a sanitary canal to the Mississippi River, the polluted water will be diverted into the river, and this will purify the drinking water and avert many diseases. Secondly, if we construct such a canal, commerce will increase, for the canal will be navigable, and, since transportation by water is cheaper than by railroad, trade would increase." Both candidates assured us that if we elect them drainage trustees, they will force through the provision which provides for the building of this canal.

    Mr. Kiolbassa spoke once more. He said, "It is reported that someone by the 4name of John P. Farwell is supposed to have said that no foreigner should hold a public office or be allowed to vote. And who made John P. Farwell rich? Foreigners, of course. Who are the biggest swindlers, foreigners or those who were born here? The latter, of course. Who fought for the independence of the United States if not the foreigners? Show us citizens more loyal than the Poles, of whom the majority were born in the old country. They pay their taxes without murmuring, elect their public officials honestly, and when it is necessary to defend the adopted country, a Pole is first to give a helping hand." These words penetrated very deeply into the hearts of the listeners, who expressed their approval at the end of the talk by hearty applause.

    The next speakers were John S. Cooper, candidate for president of the County Board; Mr. Wall, candidate for County Commissioner; Mr. Rolan, Mr. McDonald, and Mr. Kowalski.

    As one of the speakers attacked the Irish and carried it too far, Mr. Kiolbassa 5took the liberty of defending them, for they were recently very friendly towards the Poles and proved it by furnishing a bond for Mr. Kiolbassa in the sum of seven million dollars [see note]. Therefore, we should respect and support the Irish as our friends.

    As it was quite late and neither Mr. De Witt C. Cregier nor Mr. Harrison had arrived, Mr. Kiolbassa adjourned the meeting.

    (Translator's note: According to Mr. Jozwiakowski, one of the editors [of Dziennik Chicagoski], who knew Mr. Peter Kiolbassa, the Irish Catholics--Democrats--wished to show the Republicans that they wanted Kiolbassa, a Catholic, and to prove it they signed a seven-million-dollar bond. It is understood that it was a real-estate bond.)

    Last night, Polish Democrats held a political meeting at the Polish hall on Bradley Street. Last Monday there was also a political meeting held by Polish Democrats at Walsh's Hall, ...

    I F 5, III C, III D, I F 1, I F 6, I C, I M, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 27, 1892
    One More Word Relative to the Protest Action (Editorial)

    Articles of a polemic nature are beginning to appear in Polish journals published in many parts of the United States relative to the manifesto issued by the Committee of Fifteen, which was organized by Father V. Barzynski, as a result of a meeting at the New Polish hall on January 15. The articles compounded at this session were printed verbatim in this paper the following day, and carried the collective ideas of those present in protest against the barbarous and abominable treatment of our people by the Muscovites. Although no one dares to deny the evident justness of the protest, some, nevertheless, express doubt for a repeated continuation at the present moment, and believe that whatever steps were taken already, will be sufficient.

    From a free discussion upon important questions, a light has been brought 2into view that spreads doubt upon those of the public who have been convinced of the matter on hand, yet are hesitant, despite the fact that the public, as a whole, has passed its mature opinion upon the subject. This has been proven by reversing the questions.

    The objections raised against the patriotic thought taken up by the Chicago committee have been victoriously repelled, and has finally merited the establishment of a counter plea. Let there be freely added to this discussion a few statements in order to clarify both sides of the issue.

    At the head of all this, we will place Father Vincent Barzynski, whose right as a priest to participate in this mentioned protest, which has been marked with the political stamp, has been questioned by an unjust attack.

    Polish clergy has always lead the way for the continuation of patriotism 3among our people. It has comforted the citizens during the dreadful days of trouble and strife. It has appeased their anxiety during their endless wanderings on the cross-roads of life. It has brought relief to those in pain and despair. In comparison to other classes of people, we had a like number of heretics and traitors. No group has distinguished itself equally on the grounds of consecration, or plucked as many thorns and palms of martyrdom. This continues even today. There is more anger thrown upon the Polish, and more oppression inflicted upon them now than at any other time. This is also true of those under the Russian dominance. The priest, because he has answered a calling, and sacrificed his life to God and the people, is faced with direct poverty, deprived of the many privileges, and subjected to endless police investigation.

    If we will turn back the pages of Polish history to the last years of dying republicanism, we will find Fathers Krasinski, Konarski, Stasycz, Naruszowicz, and Kollataj, making a bold attempt to ease the burdens of 4religious belief, making a change in social reform, and improving the education of the younger generation. And why should not these same brilliant virtues be imitated by our present day Polish clergy?

    Polish ideals have always been united and inseparable with the ideals of Catholicism. It would be useless to separate them. Poland's cause would be mortally wounded by this severance from Roman Catholic religion. This makes the connection of the Church with Poland indispensable.

    This is readily realized by our enemies, therefore, they, above anything else, prey upon the representatives of the church. Our people, filled with the traditions of Poland, try to emulate them. There is no sophistication attached to this, only the pure logic of the common individual. They follow the concepts of their people, of their religion, and their clerical representatives.

    Therefore, Father Barzynski, whose efforts to establish the Polish 5emigrant in America, are well-known to every Pole, has a perfect right to help the Polish people abroad. And if he is the initiator of this idea, all the better. He took into his hands the entangled threads of Polish affairs and interests in America, organized a great center for them in Chicago, where many other nationalities had a foothold, managed the affairs of many of his parishioners, and gained knowledge of the attitudes of his group in his parish. Having an understanding of the religious attachment of the Polish people, he had in many respects an opportunity to also find out about their feeling for the Poland of old, and her oppressed people. Realizing their desires, and seeing that they did not know how to go about to help their suffering brothers in Russia, or where to go to get this aid, Father Barzynski came to their assistance. His helping hand was unanimously accepted by them.

    The following is the conservative conception of a persistent protest, and its results. A collective protest of all the Poles in America against the actions of Russia, as a primary political act, will bring 6about a favorable result. It will not only bring into the picture the importance of this protest to the many other nationalities living under the wing of liberty, but it will also present a better picture of Poland and her people. It will take fire like a prairie blaze, and spread quickly throughout the country, and throughout the world. This universal notoriety will bring about a new political factor to be reckoned with.... for the world a new picture.... for Russia an unexpected move. This action will be both Christian and human. It will gain the recognition of Americans, who hate tyranny and inhuman treatment of people. This action will also gain unlimited gratitude from our people in Russia, who are under the clutches of a merciless tyrant.

    A majority of the Poles in America have come from Galicia and Prussia. They are not familiar with the crack of the Tsar's whip, which is wielded upon the Poles under his command. It was to their good fortune that they were able to leave the ranks of their brothers, and come to this country to prosper under its democratic rule. Because of this good fortune, they 7ought to join hands with other Polish people living in the United States, and show to the civilized world the monstrosity and vileness of the Russian rule.

    Why should this group stay dormant relative to the joint action of this protest? To offer a helping hand, would be the least they could do against the officially announced and notorious slogan of the Tsar. His statement, "Wipe out everything that is Polish under our rule," reverberated throughout Europe. Why should they tolerate such barbarous ambitions?

    This unpardonable war against a helpless people is imperiling them with extermination. It also endangers the position of the Pole in the eyes of the world. Here in America, we are not so much concerned about historical rights guaranteed by treaties or the privileges of the people, as once existed before the insurrections. However, there is great concern 8about our race, about the self-existence of our people who are being subjected to a systematic scheme, which in the end, will wipe out their existence entirely. A system of cruelty unheard of to the present day in the annals of Christian history.

    There are going to be many objections presented against this protest. However, they will come from a source unfamiliar with the true circumstances. These will be the first ones to voice objections against the idea of a joint protest of the Christian world against the Muscovites. Yet, never in the one hundred year reign of Tsars in Russia was there ever a more shameful mistreatment of people, and against the right of God.

    It is not surprising that as soon as this news of the Tsar's actions reached European countries, and crossed the vast expanse of the Atlantic ocean our people in America became pierced with consternation.


    Tasting the seed of freedom, sharing the liberty that was so well-founded by Washington and Franklin, and upheld by Lincoln, we began to realize what it really means to live on free soil. Our hearts recoiled upon hearing of the severe blows dealt to our people by the hand of the Russian government, of the enforcement of merciless and drastic laws, not mentioning the wilfulness and abusiveness of the barbarous gangs.

    If you will picture in mind the green meadows, the fields of clover which were cultivated by the bloody perspiration of our forefathers, and the pine groves, and compare it with present pillaging of this land and people, you will have some conception of the present situation. And if you will take the one time splendor of the banks of the Vistula, the beauty of the Bug, and the glory of Niemen and present it to the people, and imprint upon their minds the destruction of these lands, along with the buildings and murdering of people, you will be doing yourself and your countrymen an honorable favor.


    A joint protest in this respect will bring the Polish people honor and respect of the entire world. A democratic loving people have always sympathized with those trying to gain the freedom they have lost. The many nationalities in the United States cannot but admire such action of a minority group, for they value the freedom offered them by their adopted country. This stand for the martyred people abroad will create for them a better position as a group in the American scheme of things. We will be regarded with high esteem, out of which will evolve many happy returns.

    This protest action will give out people for the first time an opportunity to voice their protests, which will be heard by all in America and the world at large. This blended voice, filled with the ardour and love for what is Polish, will reach the ears of other Poles scattered the world over. With their cooperation, our voice will quickly span the ocean like a flash of electricity, and reach its goal quicker than a dispatch sent by the ocean 11cable, and give the unfortunate Pole under Russian dominance a ray of hope. This will awaken them from their sleep of the martyred, drive out their pessimism, and restore in them the determination to withstand the ravages of the mad Muscovites. The joy of becoming free will envelop them once again.

    Political quietism, or passive idleness, followed by factions in some countries, has brought about a succession of slothfulness and work abandonment. There is never a moment in the life of a group of people when political thought cannot be reformed, when enacted laws for adequate social action cannot be revised. It never pays to be idle, if one wants to progress. "Per angusta, ad angusta," little but constant deeds will bring great results, providing it is practiced by all with exertion and enthusiasm. Always with God and forward with God!

    Then one of the most important facts to be remembered by our people 12during times of peace is to train itself through such rigorous disciplinary action as to be fit and able to step forth with greater action and decision in case any endangering problems are to be faced. If we would once and for all shed our old habits, which waste our energy and secure our means of existence. This kind of indulgence only leads it to tug at the rope in many directions at once, instead of in one direction. If it would only learn to follow the teachings, which are clear as crystal, of those that fight for the continuation of patriotism, and not listen to the scatter-brained philosophers. If it only persued instruction on a small scale, it would be able to prepare itself for the great events, throw its sword into the arena of world events, and turn the tide of events to our side.

    At the present time, as a dusky veil is covering our horizon, which blights out the least enlightening ray of hope, a voice comes to our assistance from a source least expected. It comes from those that have been forced to go elsewhere to eke out a living because of economic conditions, and 13who were thrown upon the uncertain fields of emigration. These Poles that came to this country under such circumstances had to make the best of anything, without any one's help. They struggled to cut a niche in the American scheme of things alone.

    These are the ones that are a shining example of what can be accomplished by our people. It ought to be followed by all our people, because it teaches self-help. This spirit, so predominant in the Anglo-Saxon peoples, is lacking in our people here in America. In public matters, we have always turned to strange hands, never realizing that this kind of action lessens our position in public affairs, and unmindful of the fact that if we do not do things on our own initiative, and exert our own energy in lifting ourselves from our misfortunes, no one else will. This is proven by the news of our fallen credit from the financial markets. In London's Lombard Street, and the Wall Street of New York City, where precarious business enterprises are readily advancing money, our credit has fallen to zero. These financial centers would not give 14us three pence. It is apparent that no one is interested in our cause enough to take a small risk.

    Therefore, it is necessary for us to get into action. Actions are more readily recognized than arguments. The adage, 'Actions speak louder than words,' is known to many. All the Poles in America should join the ranks of those who have started in this direction by a representative few. A protest of this kind will serve a twofold purpose. It will be beneficial to us, and it will show to the eyes of other peoples that the Poles are progressive.

    In order to become victorious in our aims, we must follow the example of those who have joined the protest by becoming thoroughly familiar with the situation. We must school and educate ourselves in self-support, self-help, plus the pluck and daring of our forefathers. Although we have brought with us our poverty from our native land, we have an opportunity to rise above this in this free nation. Despite 15our hardships, We are beginning to see a way to the clear road of success and happiness. We try to accumulate knowledge in the public schools, take interest in the affairs of the United States, and also direct our attention to our people abroad. In the latter direction, we are doing the best we can under the present circumstances. With this start, we are able to send a little ray of hope across the seas. Our voice will be heard along all the frontiers of civilization, and our protest will be considered before the tribunal of public opinion.

    Our efforts in America will be pleasing to God, for they have flowed with smoothness and decorum. We should never forget in our troubles the prayer of Jesus Christ in the garden asking for strength from his Father.

    Almighty God, take away from us this cup of bitterness, and deliver us from the evil of our enemies!

    Articles of a polemic nature are beginning to appear in Polish journals published in many parts of the United States relative to the manifesto issued by the Committee of Fifteen, ...

    I C, I A 1 a, I B 4, I F 4, I F 6, III C, III H, I H, I J
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- February 03, 1892
    Polish National Alliance Sold

    Without informing the Diet, without consulting the groups, without any authorization, the central body of the Polish National Alliance has signed over the entire organization to the Ligi Wolnosci, or Liberty League, and the "Powszechnego Kongresu Republikanskiego," Universal or General Republican Congress. All the groups were enthusiastically informed of this transaction by the central office. Further discussion was not permitted. Congratulations!

    The central body can perform another unusual act by informing its members of a detailed description of these facts.

    Without informing the Diet, without consulting the groups, without any authorization, the central body of the Polish National Alliance has signed over the entire organization to the Ligi Wolnosci, or ...

    I F 6
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 15, 1892
    A Picture of the Polish Press in America (Editorial)

    The Honorable Mr. Slisz, editor of Polaka W Americe (The Pole In America), has recently voiced bitter words in his paper because we did not comment devoutly enough about his publication. He has become angered on the grounds that other periodicals of lesser import received more publicity.

    If the editor of The Pole In America would only realize that it is essential to perform work of value in order to gain recognition in the field of journalism. As soon as Mr. Slisz will change his present policies and adopt the banner of righteousness, the sooner he will merit favorable comment. He must find the way to the road of truth and stay on it. The sooner he straightens the path of his entire paper, gets rid of the unpleasant articles of insinuation and suspicion, eliminates the insertion of attacks on honorable individuals and their worthy efforts; and the sooner he adopts a more fundamental platform, and finds, besides the polemic writings, original and 2educational articles, the sooner will he win our praise. For the present, if Mr. Slisz is not content with our objective treatment, which is void of mud and gall, that is his lookout. Our taste is more persevering. To be stricken with sadness by someone's praise is a weakness of character.

    Reluctantly, we continue our true version of the Polish press in America. We have before us the stable of Augean, but we doubt that some kind of an American Hercules can be found who could cleanse the filth and corruption from the stables of some of our perverse journals.

    In the United States, there are many Polish journals that are called "Raeuber and Moerder Presse," a murderer's and robber's press, by the Europeans. It is true that they do not lurk in the woods, highways, and cities, with rod and stiletto in hand to committ physical murder and strip the victim of his belongings; yet, their attacks through the printed word on individuals, religion, patriotism, and worthy endeavor, serve the same purpose. Their moral attacks on Christianity, their subversive teachings 3filled with filthy aphorisms, and overflowing anarchism are the rods, revolvers, and stilettos, by which the weaklings of our nationality became victims. They are the instruments that murder the heart, soul, and mind, of our brothers.

    Who prints these papers? Evil people. Persons who have been shorn of human feeling and virtue, persons of fallen character, derelicts, averse individuals who try to fill their hungry stomachs with their own literary succulence.

    We will not name the papers, nor their editors, or authors. Our entire immigrant group is familiar with them. We could point out all their faults, but by this we would proclaim their honor. Instead, we will treat them with silence. This will serve as ample criticism.

    Our first step in pointing out the nature, tendency, and literary stand, of the Polish press in this country has been completed. This has been a personal point of view. Perhaps we have erred in many respects. Mistakes that will be 4pointed out to us will be gladly rectified.

    In the future, we will give short summaries of replies that have appeared in other papers relative to our comments on the Polish press. These reactions will appear each week.

    The Honorable Mr. Slisz, editor of Polaka W Americe (The Pole In America), has recently voiced bitter words in his paper because we did not comment devoutly enough about his ...

    I C, I F 6
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- April 23, 1892
    The Police Force and Politics (Editorial)

    Chief of Police Mc Claughry has recently promoted two hundred second-class policemen, that is, reservists, to regular policemen. They have been placed on the payroll, for which money has been found.

    Meanwhile, according to reliable sources, promotions will be made and higher rating will be given to those who will exert influence in the nomination and election of Aldrich. Only those will be accepted for promotion who will definitely prove that they are ardent supporters of Aldrich and Washburne. A suitable method has been reached whereby undesirable candidates will be eliminated. It has been put into affect effectively. Washburne has introduced a so-called civil service examination, which in reality is a farce, for by this kind of test it is easy to pass those that are favorable to the machine and disqualify those that are adverse. As soon as a Democratic 2alderman posts someone for a promotion, the examination questions are made so complicated that it is impossible to pass them.

    Chief of Police Mc Claughry has recently promoted two hundred second-class policemen, that is, reservists, to regular policemen. They have been placed on the payroll, for which money has been ...

    I F 6
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- May 21, 1892
    The City Council and Mr. Kiolbassa

    The finance committee of the City Council passed a motion to assign a subcommittee to examine the books of the City Treasurer, Mr. P. Kiolbassa, and to ascertain what amount of interest he did collect. At the same time legal advice is to be obtained, that is, the committee has a right to conduct an investigation of such nature. Alderman McGillen is to name a committee of that type today.

    The Democrats were of the opinion that the City Council would pass a resolution of gratitude to Mr. Kiolbassa in behalf of the city for his patriotic and civic action; instead, the Council harasses him by ordering an investigating committee to examine the books. If Mr. Kiolbassa retained the $18,000 and all the interest--legally nothing could be done to prevent him from so doing.

    The finance committee of the City Council passed a motion to assign a subcommittee to examine the books of the City Treasurer, Mr. P. Kiolbassa, and to ascertain what amount ...

    I F 5, I F 6, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 11, 1893
    Things Go Badly at the Alliance! (Editorial)

    Things go badly with the Polish National Alliance. It is only necessary to glance over the last issue of Zgoda [Harmony] to realize this. Insinuations, slander, vilification, and shameful accusations are spread throughout the entire issue of Zgoda in the form of protocols of delegates' meetings.... and in various other forms, portraying a state of moral discord so loathsome as to materially injure the paper which, after all, is the official organ of an important institution. One can only turn away from the pitiful sight with pain.

    The meeting of the delegates which, parenthetically speaking, was attended by many persons who were not delegates but who had shown special kindness to the Central Administration, could only have ended so: the delegates might have, in the face of the Central Administration's open admission of the disordered and 2haphazard state of the books, acknowledged that this disorder constituted the Administration's only virtue. That is their affair. After all, the Sejm [Assembly]is the only competent judge in this matter.

    But grave harm is being done to Zgoda and its editors by the scoundrelly and disgraceful attacks upon certain members of the Alliance. The falsity and vileness revealed by the exposure of imaginary plots is a form of brutality which one would expect from hoodlums, for whom the only place is a--jail.

    This wave of mud, engulfing Zgoda, reaching the very foundations of the Alliance, leaves a feeling of despair. May it not perish in this mud!

    Things go badly with the Polish National Alliance. It is only necessary to glance over the last issue of Zgoda [Harmony] to realize this. Insinuations, slander, vilification, and shameful accusations ...

    III B 2, II B 2 d 1, I F 6
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- April 14, 1893
    Cost of Elections in Chicago (Summarized Editorial)

    It is a well-known fact that election costs in Chicago run into hundreds of thousands of dollars. In the hotly contested election just passed, reliable estimates have it that the Democratic party, supporting Harrison, spent at least a hundred thousand dollars; Allerton and the Republicans are supposed to have spent at least half a million dollars. A good part of this money goes to the groups of election workers that each party maintains at the polls.

    The question is: Where does all this money come from? Sometimes the party pays the campaign and election costs, but oftener it is the candidate himself, or a few wealthy private individuals, who meet the expenses.

    Pessimistic people have begun to fear that at this rate it will be impossible for any man who is not a millionaire to run for public office. It 2may be. On the other hand, there have been occasions when the heaviest bag of gold served only to bring about the greater defeat of its owner. So it was with Allerton, and so will it be more than once in the future. It is difficult, if not impossible, to buy the votes of a whole populace.

    It is a well-known fact that election costs in Chicago run into hundreds of thousands of dollars. In the hotly contested election just passed, reliable estimates have it that the ...

    I F 6
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- April 21, 1893
    Mr. Peter Kiolbassa Retires from Office (Editorial)

    Yesterday Mr. Peter Kiolbassa formally retired from office as city treasurer and made a final accounting of the funds under his care to his successor. These amounted to $1,884,680 in cash, aside from special funds. Besides this, Mr. Kiolbassa returned $43,991 to the treasury as the remainder from accumulated interest on city funds. The return of this money aroused considerable comment. As is generally known, the interest that accrues on the city's funds deposited in various banks, amounting sometimes to over a hundred thousand dollars, heretofore belonged to the city treasurer. In the campaign before his election, Mr. Kiolbassa promised that he would turn the interest back to the treasury. In spite of the sarcasm of an unfriendly press, he proved himself honest and honorable and kept his promise.

    In the course of his two years in office, the accumulated interest amounted 2to $106,991.52. Of this sum, Mr. Kiolbassa spent, for his own salary and the upkeep of his office, $63,000, in this way saving the city that amount of money. The remaining $43,991.52 was received yesterday by the new treasurer. Thus, Mr. Kiolbassa has presented to the citizens of Chicago the sum of $106.991.52. It is an exceptional action and the first of its kind in the history of Chicago. Mr. Kiolbassa has earned the respect of all honest people and is a source of pride to all the Poles in America. In truth, Mr. Kiolbassa promised the voters that he would do this. It is well known, however, that political promises are rarely made to be kept. Of course, there were many people, even honest people, who doubted that Mr. Kiolbassa would keep his promise. Only God knows how many of these people would have acted as he did were they in his place. His promise was the cause of constant attacks against him by the unfriendly press during his two years in office. Today--of his own free will, for nothing compelled him to do so--Mr. Kiolbassa made good his word because of his own inherent honesty. By returning to the city treasury money which was legally his own, he silenced his enemies and brought new glory to the Polish name.


    All the American newspapers are paying homage to our Mr. Kiolbassa. Where other city treasurers have left office rich, Mr. Kiolbassa left without material gain, but with his head high--an honest man.

    Yesterday Mr. Peter Kiolbassa formally retired from office as city treasurer and made a final accounting of the funds under his care to his successor. These amounted to $1,884,680 in ...

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