The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Zgoda -- October 29, 1890
    About Election

    November the 4th is election day in Chicago and Cook County. It is very important to take part in this election because if the people don't and the wrong candidate is elected, the poor working classes and the less fortunate ones suffer.

    It is the duty of all citizens to make arrangements as to the best time suitable for them to be present at the polling place, either before or after working hours. This should not be neglected. Many people say, If I do or if I don't vote, it cannot mean much; it is only one vote. But these people never realize that at the end of election day all these single votes count into thousands.

    The number of Polish voters in Chicago is very large, but if the number of Polish people registered is not near the total number of citizens voting, then how can we have any Polish candidates run for office and be victorious if we neglect our duty?

    2

    The trouble with most of the Polish people is that they are easy going and many haven't received their citizenship papers. That is the main reason the Republicans and Democrats are not anxious to place Polish candidates on their tickets.

    They feel that as long as at least one Polish candidate's name appears on their ballot, their worries about the Polish vote is settled.

    The Polish people should take more interest in local politics, and not sit back and watch the other nationalities monopolize the political offices.

    For example, on this present Republican ballot there is not one Polish candidate running for any county office, now it is our turn to do something about this; if they can place their own men as candidates, and are not worried about the Poles, do not vote their ticket, vote for the party that has Polish candidates' names.

    3

    They feel that as long as at least one Polish name is on the ballot, the Polish people will vote for that party. The Democratic Party did its share for the Poles by placing two Polish candidates on the ballot.

    John Kwasigroch, of the 13th Senatorial District, is a candidate for the Illinois State Legislature. His name and character are known, and all the sensible Polish citizens will do their part by supporting him.

    Candidate for county commissioner is Victor Bardonski, a man of integrity, honest and trustworthy, who is well known throughout the county of Cook. The duties of the county commissioner are to take care of all county affairs, including the poor and needy, which is the main thing. If we do not have at least one county commissioner in the United States, who is going to look after the welfare of the Poles, many of whom cannot read or write the English language?

    Victor Bardonski pledges that if he is elected, the Poles can depend on him to do all in his power to make life easier for his fellow countrymen.

    November the 4th is election day in Chicago and Cook County. It is very important to take part in this election because if the people don't and the wrong candidate ...

    Polish
    I F 1, I F 3, I F 4, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- December 15, 1890
    The First Number (Editorial)

    How is the appearance of this new journal? Everyone will take it, read it from A to Z with great interest, and cast his judgment more or less favorably. There will be sharp criticism, very little praise, and much censuring; certain persons will object to this, and others to other things; defects will be found, and comparison with other journals will bring unprofitable results.

    Such is the fate of every new publication, and we are prepared for such a fate.

    However, we hope that this condition will not last very long. Perhaps the first numbers will not satisfy the needs of our readers, but gradually we will learn about what they like and adjust ourselves to them 2so as to make our journal a favored newspaper. Criticism, if not malicious or groundless, will be useful to us and gladly accepted. We will try to adjust ourselves to it, and eliminate the defects.

    Our program will not be the subject of a long discussion. The policy of the paper can be enunciated thus:

    "A political newspaper devoted to the interests of the Poles in the United States." These words explain the program. We have no intention of serving any party, either political or social; we desire to be impartial, pointing out the merits and demerits of different parties.

    If we defend at present the principles of the Democratic party in the United States, which we intend to do in the future as long as its principles remain unchanged, we do so not because we are merely blind tools of that party, but because its principles are advantageous to the Poles living in the United States. This does not mean that our journal is positively Democratic or that 3we have a definite political leaning; nor does it mean that we are subservient to any political party. Let us suppose that the platform of the candidates of the Republican Party improves before the next election and becomes more profitable to our interests; we are willing to support it impartially and we do not intend to justify the faults of the Democratic Party or try to conceal them by silence.

    Matters belonging to the immigration of our people will be treated likewise. We shall have an opportunity to take up many problems in which we are greatly interested, and we will endeavor to give them an impartial consideration, without earning the accusation of elevating or degrading something unjustly.

    The first principles guiding us can be expressed in a few words. Having a great respect for the Constitution of the United States, of which country we are citizens, we judge that we should take an active part in the life of this country. We consider it a great Republic, formed of many freedom-loving 4nations that despise the knout and slavery. We who are Poles should regard ourselves not as guests but as an integral part of this great nation, enjoying the same rights and bearing the same responsibilities as any other nation represented. As such we should take an active part in its political life, care for its development, power, and purity. Therefore, we should try to eliminate evil and introduce instead that which our conscience dictates to us as good.

    Will this prevent us from being good Poles? Not at all. Whoever maintains such an opinion does not know how to examine this matter properly. If the Irish living in Europe are very enthusiastic on the great influence or great success of their countrymen in America, profiting by it quite often, not only materially, but also politically and morally; if the Germans in Europe proudly describe the success of their Kulturtraeger (culture spreaders)in America, then the Poles living in Europe may also profit by our success, if and when we take an active part in the life of this great Republic and distinguish ourselves as citizens; not isolating ourselves as mere guests and becoming lost completely in the sea of the nation. If we serve the United States as good citizens, we also serve 5our own country, and here lies the difficulty of the task: to be good citizens of this country and remain also good Poles at heart. These are our principles, our point of view, which Dziennik Chicagoski will protect and try to explain.

    How is the appearance of this new journal? Everyone will take it, read it from A to Z with great interest, and cast his judgment more or less favorably. There ...

    Polish
    II B 2 d 1, I F 3, III A
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- February 28, 1891
    Our Neighboring Country (Editorial)

    North of us lies a vast expanse of land belonging to England, called the Dominion of Canada. It is quite natural for the United States to have acquired a taste for this piece of land, and there is hope that in time the Canadian party which favors a union with the United States, will become strong enough to win. Then, in a short time, the United States would occupy the entire North American continent, with the exception of Mexico, and would undoubtedly become the greatest power on the face of the earth.

    With almost every year, the possibility of forming such a union is greater, and especially today, the prognosis in this respect is very favorable. It is true that this union is not as near as some enthusiastic optimists expect; yet, it cannot be denied that the possibility for its realization is greater now that it was, for instance, a year ago.

    2

    For this good outlook, we are indebted to Mr. Blaine, the Secretary of State, who endeavored to establish a pact of trade reciprocity between the United States and Canada, which would do away with high tariffs. Such agreements are authorized by McKinley's Bill, and Mr. Blaine has already taken advantage of the provision of the bill to make a reciprocal trade agreement with Brazil. However, his attempt to make a similar agreement with Canada was unsuccessful.

    There are two parties in Canada, a pro-government, or Tory party, which is against such agreement, and a Liberal Party, which favors it because its adherents are of the opinion that such agreement helps develop Canadian commerce.

    The Canadian Prime Minister, Sir John MacDonald, leader of the conservatives, opposes this proposed agreement impetuously. The combat between the two parties is very stubborn, and as it usually happens in such factional fights, both parties are throwing calumnies at each other. In order to deliver a decisive blow to the Liberal Party, Sir John MacDonald broadcast that if the entire Liberal Party favors a union with the United States, it is equivalent to treason, and he called every one who favors this trade reciprocity agreement a traitor to the country.

    3

    This aggravated many liberals, who are faithful to their government, and also opened the eyes of those who never thought of that "treason," with the result that many of them became supporters of the plan.

    In this manner, Sir John MacDonald, instead of delivering a staggering blow to the Liberal Party, strengthened it and in reality augmented the "treason", of which he accused the party.

    Recently, primary elections for nomination of government officials were held in Canada, and they showed a great gain by the Liberal Party.

    In the near future, we will know the results of this crisis and these struggles.

    North of us lies a vast expanse of land belonging to England, called the Dominion of Canada. It is quite natural for the United States to have acquired a taste ...

    Polish
    I F 3, I F 5
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 13, 1891
    Political Parties in America (Editorial)

    Besides the two major political parties in the United States, that is, besides the Republican and the Democratic parties, there is also a newly organized Farmers Party, or third party. This party is getting more and more supporters every day; in other words, it is becoming important. This importance is strengthened by the circumstance that the two old parties are at present equally strong. It is quite true that here and there one of the major parties predominates over the other, but this predominance is so insignificant in some places that a third party, even if small, may very often precipitate a victory for one of the major parties. Sometimes, on account of discord or antagonism between the two old parties, the third party may, by stubbornness or solidarity, gain a complete victory over the old ones.

    This was almost the case at Springfield, Illinois, during the last United States senatorial election, for, during the first few days of this week, 2it seemed as if Mr. Streeter, a representative of the Farmers' Party, would be elected United States Senator. Even though the Farmers Party had only three candidates running for the Legislature, an insignificant number if it is considered that the Democrats had one hundred and one and the Republicans one hundred, there was the danger that the farmers might win, even when Mr. Streeter was abandoned because of betraying his own party by yielding to the Republicans in order to gain their support. The Republicans have promised to give all their votes to Mr. Moore for not voting for Mr. Palmer, but Moore resisted the temptation and was honest enough not to break his promises and Mr. Palmer was finally elected.

    In this particular case the candidate of the majority has been elected, but there are instances in which a very small group of people may gain a victory over a very large party or over a large majority representing the entire nation.

    3

    It is apparent that the system of electing a United States senator, who is a representative of the entire state (and we would add: and the system of electing the President of the United States; because some day we may have a similar experience at a presidential election), is fundamentally wrong and ought to be changed. Such an important representative of the State should be elected by the citizens themselves and by a majority of votes as it is only then that we may rightly say that he is elected by the will of the people. Senator Palmer is planning to change this system.

    We know from the history of the United States, that some of the Presidents were elected by a minority of votes from the people, just because this minority had a bigger representation in Congress.

    Adams, Polk, Taylor, Buchanan, Lincoln, Hayes, Garfield, Cleveland, and Harrison did not get half of the popular votes. Besides, Hayes and Harrison received less votes than their opponents. In other words, if our presidents were elected by a majority of the popular votes, Tilden, a Democrat, not Hayes, a Republican, would have been elected in 1876, for Tilden received 4more votes than all his opponents. Also instead of Harrison, we would have Cleveland as president now, for he received 107,438 more votes than Harrison.

    We are not going to discuss the platform of any political party or try to point out which party has a better policy, for this is not time for it. However, we wish to point out to every conscientious citizen that a party cannot be judged by its name. It is an established fact that the policies of political parties change so much in the course of time that they degenerate into something different from our convictions.

    The principles adopted by the Democratic party are accepted later on by the Republican party, and vice versa. Consequently, there is nothing steady about a political party, with the exception of its name.

    It is not a good policy to adhere to one political party all the time just because we are affiliated with it. It is not true that it is treason to abandon one political party to join another. However, it 5is very important to know the platform of a party before making our decision to join it.

    The most respectable people, the most honorable citizens, and the most brilliant statesmen have left their parties and joined the opposite camp as soon as they realized that the principles of the opposite party was better and more useful to the country. They should not be condemned for such an act; on the contrary, they deserve admiration for their good sense and courage, because such an act could only be condemned by ignorant masses or unscrupulous politicians.

    Such example of good judgment and wonderful courage was given to our nation by Mr. John M. Palmer, who has been just elected United States Senator from our State. He is seventy-three years old now. Originally belonging to the Democratic party, he took an active part in it; but when the Republicans took very vigorous measures against slavery in the United States, a thing which once was favored by the Democrats, John M. Palmer left the Democratic party and, as a Republican, joined the ranks of the Union Army against the Democrats, fighting so bravely that he was made a major-general. After 6the Civil War, when the Democratic party changed its policy in respect to slavery, John M. Palmer, then a Republican governor, seeing weak points in the Republican party and better principles in the opposite camp, left the Republicans and joined the Democrats. By this decision he displayed his great courage, good judgment, and his firmness of principles even under the presence of the unsteady principles of his former party.

    The example given to the citizens of the United States by John M. Palmer is worthy of imitation, and the state of Illinois should be congratulated for electing him United States Senator and for not electing Streeter, who proved by his conduct to be unsteady in his principles.

    Besides the two major political parties in the United States, that is, besides the Republican and the Democratic parties, there is also a newly organized Farmers Party, or third party. ...

    Polish
    I F 5, I F 3, I E
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 18, 1891
    The Republican Platform (Editorial)

    Every political party desiring to gain supporters, prescribes certain rules and adopts certain principles, which must be accepted and followed by the candidates. of the party if they wish to be supported by the organization. This is called the platform or policy of a political party.

    The Republican party, seeking public offices for its candidates, formed and adopted its platform last Saturday, which reads as follows:

    1. We protest against an increase in city taxes or the creation of debts. We maintain that it is not necessary to raise taxes if the city funds are used properly and for practical purposes instead of for keeping an army of city officials.

    2

    2. We demand that every dollar obtained by taxation and spent by the city, must be accounted for by the city treasury, and that reports of city expenditures be made by a city committee.

    3. Citizens should have the privilege of examining public accounts, provided that they will handle them carefully.

    4. City pay rolls should be published every month, together with statements by the City Council.

    5. Day work should be preferred to contract work whenever possible.

    6. We favor an eight-hour working day, and maintain that it should be adopted by the city for public works.

    7. Only citizens should be employed by the city.

    8. Gambling houses in Chicago should be closed. Our candidate for mayor is obliged to take this action, and all mayors will be given full support in this respect.

    9. The police Department must be rid of politics, and promotions must be gained by merit alone.

    10. Accrued interest from public funds should be returned to the 3citizens. The City treasurer must not receive any compensation other than his salary. Our candidate must agree to this stipulation.

    11. No one should be exempt from paying license or other fees. City officials are not entitled to any compensation other than their salaries.

    12. The income from fees and other charges should be turned into the city treasury, not into the pockets of the relatives of city officials.

    13. We demand very strict public safety regulations and sanitary conditions in the city.

    14. Streets and alleys should be in charge of an independent department.

    15. We demand a better school system and a well-developed manual training system. The principals of our public schools should be men of ability. of integrity, who favor the American school system.

    We will discuss some of the points of this platform after we acquaint out readers with the platforms of other large parties, especially the Democratic, which will be formed next Saturday.

    Mr. Hemstead Washburn, Republican candidate for mayor, has promised that he will endeavor to fulfill all points of the Republican platform.

    Every political party desiring to gain supporters, prescribes certain rules and adopts certain principles, which must be accepted and followed by the candidates. of the party if they wish to ...

    Polish
    I F 3
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- April 16, 1891
    County Democracy Marching Club Polish Section

    Almost every Chicagoan interested in politics, especially if he is a Democrat, knows of the [Cook] County Democracy Marching Club. The majority of the members belonging to this organization are young people who take a very active part in politics and attend important political meetings. Their appearance adds color to the gatherings, attracts public attention and awakens an interest in politics.

    The Polish people met them first when Senator Palmer came to Chicago to deliver his initial political speech at the Polish hall. They attracted every one's attention when their group escorted Senator Palmer into the hall for they were dressed elegantly and wore top hats.

    Although this club was organized for social purposes, it helps the young people to become acquainted with politics, initiates them into political secrets and encourages them to participate in political activities. Thus the club prepares 2the membership for future [representation in the National government as well as the Democratic party.]

    Membership in such a club would be of great benefit to young Poles; therefore Mr. August J. Kowalski, a well-known citizen, has devised a very practical plan. He proposes that a Polish section should be formed in co-operation with the club's headquarters, and that the younger Poles should become members. The editor of this newspaper heartily endorse his plan for in our opinion such action would awaken an interest in local politics.

    Tomorrow night there will be a gathering at A. J. Kowalski's hall, 617 Noble Street for the purpose of organizing such a section. All and especially the younger generation who intend to join the club, are invited. We hope that a Polish section of that club will be successfully organized. The county headquarters is enthusiastic about the plan. By this action we will outdo the Germans who thus far have not organized their own section.

    Almost every Chicagoan interested in politics, especially if he is a Democrat, knows of the [Cook] County Democracy Marching Club. The majority of the members belonging to this organization are ...

    Polish
    III E, I F 2, I F 3, I C, I C
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- April 21, 1891
    Balance of Power

    The results of the last local elections taught the Poles in the United States and especially those in Chicago an important lesson.

    It is a very pleasant lesson and at the same time a very bitter one. The results of the last election in Chicago have both benefited and injured the Poles of our metropolis. [The Polish voters and their system of voting are responsible for this situation.] The Poles are greatly honored by and will benefit from the election of their countryman, Mr. Peter Kiolbassa, as city treasurer. The Poles assured his victory by giving him all of their votes; had they not, he probably would have been defeated.

    However the Polish votes were split in the mayoralty contest since some voted for Cregier and others for Harrison.

    It may be said that out of approximately ten thousand Polish votes, Cregier received most of them, Harrison, about a thousand and Washburne, 2only a few. Cregier lost by three hundred and sixty-nine votes. Had he received all the Polish votes he would have been elected--there is no question about that. And what are the consequences of splitting Polish votes? The consequences are: a Republican candidate was elected, Polish influence will be weakened during the next city administration, and the Poles lost the opportunity of gaining many offices to which they would have been entitled by a Democratic victory.

    This is a significant lesson for us. Last election proved that the Poles in Chicago have the power to turn the tide of victory to the side they favor, or in other words that they possess the "Balance of Power." Not to profit by this situation would be imprudent; to profit by it is the duty of every citizen of Polish extraction. We can profit by our political influence if we take an active part in politics and work harmoniously wherever it is to our interest to do so.

    It is impractical to expect everyone to belong to the same political 3party, though this would be very desirable and may be possible when the Poles, after careful consideration, have decided which political party [most completely represents their interests and convictions.] However some individuals will belong to other organizations because of a difference of opinions. Wherever such a matter as a city election is concerned when national politics [are not involved] and [the support of one or another party] may bring benefit or injury to the people, there should be unanimity and solidarity.

    For this reason the Poles should hold a conference before every election at which time they should pick suitable candidates [for their support.]

    Thus the Poles will gain the "Balance of Power;" by this means they will gain political prestige [which will merit the consideration of the political parties and ensure the growth of their influence and strength.]

    As long as the Poles are misled by every kind of politician and the 4[paid political advertisements appearing in newspapers,]so long will their "Balance of Power" be either worthless or of very little benefit to them.

    The results of the last local elections taught the Poles in the United States and especially those in Chicago an important lesson. It is a very pleasant lesson and at ...

    Polish
    I F 4, I F 1, I F 5, I F 3, I C, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- June 15, 1891
    What Was Accomplished by Illinois State Legislature (Editorial)

    Right now, since our State Legislature has adjourned its sessions, is the time to review its accomplishments.

    Were we favored with many beneficial laws? What political party had the strongest influence in making new laws? Which of these laws are most beneficial?

    Every citizen of the State of Illinois ought to be interested in this important matter. The Poles in Chicago, never before were so keenly interested in politics as this year. Never before have they tried to understand so thoroughly city, state, and national politics as at present. Not long ago these Poles attracted the attention of all nationalities on account of taking a great part in political activities. They had their representative in the State Legislature, (J. Kwasigroch) and two representatives in the City Council, 2(Kunz and Dahlman, Aldermen). And in the City Hall (P. Kiolbassa, City Treasurer), and on the County Board (W. Bardonski, a county commissioner). They would certainly like to learn and memorize the most important of these laws, and are certain that Dziennik Chicagoski will publish their review.

    We will do this though we cannot go into details. Attention is called to articles which have already appeared in our journal. Those who read our paper carefully do know that there was no shortage of these articles during the last half year. However, we are willing to supply any one with better information on this or any other issue in the future numbers of our paper, if some one demands it.

    The Dominating Party

    The dominating and victorious group during the last Illinois State Legislature was the Democratic party. It enacted many practical laws, and gave impulse 3to those which could not be passed on account of a strong opposition, so that they would be passed in the future. The opposition, the Republican party, limited its activities to objecting, interfering, and opposing democratic principles, and hindering the propositions presented by the Democrats. It was a hard fight, but it would not have been so hard if the Democrats had had a decisive majority. This year, however, our State Legislature was in such a condition that in reality, no party had a decisive majority. The Democrats had one hundred and one members, the Republicans had one hundred. The so-called farmers, who leaned to either side, which of course, made that party victorious, had three members. Furthermore, the Republicans had a decisive majority in the Senate, for they had twenty-six members, and the Democrats had twenty-four, but the Democrats had the decisive majority in the House of Representatives. They had seventy-seven members, and the Republicans seventy-three. The three farmers were also members of the House of Representatives.

    Before any measure becomes a law it must pass both houses, that is, the House 4of Representatives and the Senate. Besides, it must be signed by the Governor of the State. It was easy, therefore, for the Republicans in the Senate to reject any measure adopted by the House of Representatives. This happened to many measures.

    Consequently, the fight was very hard, and the plurality of one member which the Democrats had, did not help very much. It was necessary to fight with convincing argumentations by the gaining of public opinion, and winning over the stubborn farmers. It was necessary to fight by intelligent reasoning and not by the majority. For this reason, victory brings a great credit, and the Democrats should be proud because they have defeated their opponents in many fights.

    What did the Democrats accomplish at the thirty-seventh State Assembly? In brief: they elected Mr. John M. Palmer to the United States Senate; it gave the State a practical and honest system of voting; established more protective 5laws for miners and out-of-door laborers than have been made in the last thirty years. They abolished Merrit's Conspiracy Law. The Democrats secured for the citizens the right to appoint railroad commissioners. In the House of Representatives, they were instrumental in passing a measure forbidding child labor, and although it was killed in the Senate by the Republicans, it was not the fault of the Democrats, but the Republicans. The eight-hour working day proposition also met its fate in the same way. The Republicans prevented the passing of the Banking Law which provided that all State funds should be deposited in State funds should be deposited in State banks, and accrued interest should belong to the State. Besides these measures, the Democrats confirmed the principle that the United States senators should be elected directly by the people and not by their representatives. Finally, they distinguished themselves by adopting measures of economy, thus reducing the expenses of the session to a minimum.

    They accomplished much, as much as it was possible under difficult circumstances, 6and for this they deserve the approval of all citizens. We will explain some of the new laws more fully.

    Senatorial Issue

    The United States senators are elected in the following manner: In reality, the citizens of the State do not vote for the United States senators, but they elect the State senators and representatives who nominate and elect them. If there are two candidates, then the one who receives the majority of the votes is elected, but if there are more than two, then the winner must have an absolute majority, that is, more than a half of all votes. For example: If there are two hundred and four votes, (one hundred and one Democratic, one hundred Republican, and three Farmer's votes,) the candidate must receive one hundred and three votes in order to be elected.

    It was a bitter fight. The Farmers would not vote for either Republican or Democratic candidate, and because of this, John M. Palmer, the Democratic 7candidate for United States senator, could not get the necessary majority for some time. The Republicans did not support any particular candidate, but they opposed the election of Palmer. Therefore, they picked all kinds of candidates, one after another, but could not agree among themselves. Finally, in order to defeat Palmer, they nominated one of the three Farmers in order to get their support and elect him. But they were unsuccessful because some Republicans opposed this candidate. In the meantime, Palmer was getting his one hundred and one democratic votes every day. This condition lasted for two and a half months. Finally, the Republicans decided to elect Dr. Moore, one of the Farmers, and he, after several ballotings, received almost a hundred votes. The entire United States was watching this interesting fight, and waited with almost feverish fears as the opinion prevailed that this Republican farce would contribute to the defeat of the candidate who was favored by the majority of the United States citizens. They feared that a very little known man, who is supported by a small group, would be elected as a United States senator. But, fortunately, the Republicans could not agree, and two of the members of 8the Farmers' party, (and one of them was Dr. Moore, the candidate himself) cast their votes for Palmer, and thereby elected him as United States senator.

    It was a great victory for the Democrats. The one hundred and one Democrats received great ovations for being faithful to their candidate. If any of them were ill, he asked to be carried to the meeting in order to cast a vote.

    Dziennik Chicagoski, June 16, 1891.

    Miners' Laws

    The legislature enacted many laws favoring workingmen, especially the protective measures for the miners, which were introduced by Senator O'Connor, a Democrat, and Representative Gill, also a Democrat. One of these laws provides that the officials of the mining industry must possess a thorough 9knowledge of mining and prove it by examination. Another regulation reads that the owners of the mining industry must provide for the upkeep of a scaler appointed by the county, who will have a right to inspect the scales, and whose duty will be to report all irregularities to the proper authority. This Legislature increased the inspecting districts from five to six, and provides that each inspector small receive six hundred dollars from the State for expenses. One of the important regulations which was demanded by the miners for many years provides that: "All coal mined, including siftings, must be weighed carefully with scales, and an accurate weighing record of every coal care should be kept. Every miner or interested person shall have the privilege to examine such records. A person appointed and authorized for weighing coal and keeping such records must make an affidavit in the presence of a duly authorized person before accepting his duties and sign it. He will weigh accurately coal taken out of the mine and keep an accurate record of the same. Such affidavit must be displayed near the scale and in a conspicuous place."

    10

    A measure, providing that remuneration for work should be made in legal tender, was also passed. A Bill providing for weekly pay which was introduced by Messrs. O'Connor and Gill also passed.

    Other Measures Beneficial to Workingmen

    The Legislature passed Tom Fern's Anti-Trust Bill and the so-called Trademark Bill, about which we will publish a special article. Wells' Labor Day Bill was also passed. The eight-hour Bill was killed, but the Republican Senate is responsible for that.

    City of Chicago

    The Chicago World's Fair was debated by the members of the State Legislature. However, the State of Illinois will participate in the Fair, and the Department of Agriculture will be in charge of it, for which a sum of $800,000 has been assigned.

    11

    The so-called "West Park Bill," introduced by Senator Mahoney, also became a law and will improve the city. This improvement will be effected by building parks and boulevards on the West Side of the city for which bonds will be issued in the amount of one million dollars. Out of this fund not even a penny will be used for Washington Boulevard, 12th Street, or Ashland Avenue.

    If it is necessary to use private property, the owners of such confiscated property will be notified within two years, according to Mahoney's Bill.

    Elections and Registration

    The Australian system of voting, which was fully explained in our journal, will become a law on July 1, and so will the regulation entitling the voters to register their names as voters fifteen days before the registration day.

    12

    We wish to mention Noonan's Bill, which introduces new regulations for building tradesmen and contractors. This Bill was introduced for contractors, architects, supply men and labor unions of Chicago, and was supported by Judges Tuley, Altgeld, and Tuthill.

    Building and Loan Associations

    These Associations will be controlled, at least in part, by the Government. According to the new regulation introduced by Senator Noonan, every building and loan association will be obliged to make a report every year of its condition to a Government inspector. Such report must be sworn to by the secretary of the Association, and accompanied by four dollars as a fee. If several members of such Association will make an affidavit that their Association is in poor condition, the inspector will have a right to examine the books and establish order. If such a report is false, the members making such affidavit must defray the expenses of the investigation.

    13

    Among the new laws passed by the last Legislature there is a very important measure respecting aliens who neglect their naturalization papers. They probably will not be allowed to buy real estate property after July 1, 1891, or become owners of such. This will be discussed by us more fully in the future. It is very important, therefore, to have naturalization papers or at least the first ones, in order to avoid embarrassment.

    The Democrats also tried to increase the number of the members of Cook County School Board from fifteen to twenty-one. All representatives of Cook County helped to pass this measure. The Governor will probably sign this bill in a few days. The mayor of our city, Mr. Washburne, has already appointed the new members, but unofficially because he is not allowed to do this without the Governor's signature.

    This year's Legislature was very economical, and led by the spirit of economy, the Senate reduced the original budget of the two houses to four million dollars.

    14

    For this economy, they deserve praise for all work done with one exception. We believe they erred when they reduced the one million dollar allotment for participation of the State in the World's Fair to $800,000. Large appropriations were made for hospitals, schools, and other public institutions.

    Right now, since our State Legislature has adjourned its sessions, is the time to review its accomplishments. Were we favored with many beneficial laws? What political party had the strongest ...

    Polish
    I F 3, I F 4, I F 5, I H, I C
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 07, 1892
    Disagreement in the Polish Press (Editorial)

    The last number of Zgoda was to be one of a peaceful nature. Various polemic articles and correspondence have been set aside, according to an agreement of the editors. It is apparent that harmony, unity, and cooperation are finally wanted.

    But what kind of articles? Those who have written them are going to shoulder heavy responsibilities. Every unprejudiced person, who desires unity and peace must suffer the consequences of these news stories. Such items should not be published if this union is to be attained, they should never reach the public eye, and true facts should never be misrepresented. For example, Mr. Karlokowski has asked for a vote, and had the motion affirmed relative to the protest against Russian and German oppression of Poland. Immediately following, Rev. Father Barzynski asked for a vote to oppose the proposed protest against Germany because this may change her attitude towards the 2Polish minority. Not only that, but Germany has granted the demands of this group. Rev. Father D. Stablewski has been appointed bishop of the Posen province, and the Polish tongue has been permitted to be taught in the schools. Since Germany has become liberal-minded toward Poland, Father Barzynski pointed out, it would be wrong for this protest to be made, for everything that has been gained would be lost. As a result, the Poles abroad would not only suffer, but over 20,000 Poles in Chicago would probably have their jobs jeopardized. This caused a controversy, mostly because some of the questions and replies were misunderstood. The argument came to an end through the timely suggestion of the presiding chairman, Peter Kiolbassa, who called the meeting to an end, and lead the entire assemblage to church. Here prayers were offered for the success of the mass meeting.

    Why were these facts twisted, why were they so grossly misrepresented? Why is it that the Zgoda, which desires peace and unity, did not publish the copy of the minutes of the secretary of the mass meeting as was requested 3by the Dziennik Chicagoski, and as was agreed upon? Why were the results of the meeting padded with different meaning? Is this the right road to understanding and cooperation? Is not this a deliberate attack? Let those officials and members of the Polish National Alliance that desire unity answer.

    The results of the article that appeared in the Zgoda are summarized as follows: The protest plans of the committee of Fifteen were made in too much of a hurry. The Alliance is going to support this protest, but on different grounds, and after an understanding with our people abroad, along with the study of the situation has been made. Therefore, join the Alliance, and help this cause.

    It would be better for you, gentlemen, to take interest in these mass meetings and attend them. Your suggestions may become very helpful and useful. Instead, you are trying to create an independent stand. Then why are you asking for unity in this work? The mass gathering of January 1 4was just a beginning in our efforts to help our unfortunate people in Europe. Others are to follow, and the subject is going to be discussed more thoroughly. Open discussions will be held. why do you not make these gatherings more successful, why not have your ablest men represent the organization? They will see for themselves that many other minority groups participate. Why not follow the resolutions of the majority as we do? This step would be more favorable than the one which is being followed. Do not arouse the wrath of God by twisting the true facts which have been proposed by the Committee. Do not depend on a solution of this problem on the action of the next Congress at Washington, D. C. This kind of attitude will not bring about a peaceful settlement of our differences.

    The mere statement made by you "that the government has already taken certain steps to solve the question of Poland in order to have this before Congress, that the government is going to use various means in voicing its protests against the violent offenses of the three conquering nations of Poland, and 5then if we are convinced of favorable results shown by the next Congress, which is practically Republican, towards Poland, we will act." It is impossible to convince anyone through debates. This is hardly sufficient for such a grave problem. You want to be convinced first that this will bring results, and then agree upon it. Gentlemen, gentlemen, this is not the road to mutual agreement.

    Come to the next meeting if you have a desire. Familiarize yourselves with the procedure, but do not resort to the unpleasant road of distorting the news in the paper, for you will never be able to get the support of the press in general for many years to come. Let our papers serve us an instrument which will present our problem in an understanding manner. By enlightening the world at large with clear facts we will be able to elevate public opinion, and gain its assistance. Let our papers play this role, and public opinion will be with us. Let us not make it a battlefield for controversy.

    6

    This is the role we should play. This is the road we should take. There is no other way, no other route to solidarity. Drop any ideas of what Washington is going to do about the Polish question to the wayside, Let all of us strive to create better public opinion about our beloved country; let us become the guiding star for future betterment of our cause. Let us help those people who are trying to win a place in the world. Let Congress, as soon as it wishes, offer its help, but the freedom of making laws and resolutions should be left to the public.

    The last number of Zgoda was to be one of a peaceful nature. Various polemic articles and correspondence have been set aside, according to an agreement of the editors. It ...

    Polish
    I C, I F 2, I F 3, I H
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- February 15, 1892
    Protest Action Scorned by Alliance (Editorial)

    Once again our readers, who wish success to the Dziennik Chicagoski as each day passes, have another opportunity to read more material of a malignant and polemical nature. The Central Committee of the Polish National Alliance has informed the people that they have signed over the entire organization to the Liberty League because they wish to take part in the Republican Congress. They believe this step is more important than the attempted plans "to make protests, where, nobody knows." When it was pointed out in a few articles that the Central Committee sold the entire organization on its own accord, and not by a majority vote of its members, and that in reality the Liberty League brought good as well as bad to the people, the papers began to rant and rave because the Dziennik Chicagoski; opposed the plan. Little do they realize the out-come 2of the resolutions that will affect the Polish National Alliance. It all depends upon the majority rule of the entire membership of the Liberty League. The benefits to be reaped by the latter organization, whether good or bad, will then be decided.

    We pointed these facts out because we have seen a loophole in this affiliation. There are possibilities that the Alliance may loose its individuality.

    At one time, other papers have asked the Alliance to take part in the joint protest against Russia, and criticized it for not taking part. But since it made the statement that it is useless to make protests in any direction, and since it joined the League, these same papers bow to this group, and consider the protest matter a buried issue.

    3

    One of these papers has changed its policy because the Liberty League was organized by Americans, and since it is American, there is no point in writing against it or criticizing it. It is apparent that this paper has committed a wrong. Sometime ago, it criticized the public school system, and now it has attacked the Liberty League. According to the point of view of that paper, it is wrong to pass comment on an important issue because it is American and, therefore, it is without error.

    We have merely pointed out that more harm than good may come out of the League transaction. Yet we are branded offensive by others.

    Once again our readers, who wish success to the Dziennik Chicagoski as each day passes, have another opportunity to read more material of a malignant and polemical nature. The Central ...

    Polish
    I F 2, I F 3, I F 4, I C