The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

Filter by Date

  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- February 08, 1892
    Polish Welfare Association Holds Important Meeting

    Fifty-five Poles joined the ranks of the Polish Welfare Association yesterday [during the latter's meeting] at the Polish Hall, Bradley street near Noble. A large crowd had gathered at this meeting to hear the proposals of the Welfare Committee. The new members volunteered their help after the committee explained the conditions prevailing among the Polish poor of Chicago.

    The Lord Christ said: You shall always have the poor among you. These words have come to pass over and over again everywhere. In hamlets and cities, the poor are always found. However, the number of needy families is always greater in large metropolitan areas, and our beloved city of Chicago is not an exception to the rule.

    Kind-hearted people cannot remain indifferent to the hardships of their brothers; therefore, they join forces to assist the poverty-stricken fight the dark, lean days. The Poles in this city have not stood back, but have 2organized their own forces to solve this problem. A committee was chosen to draw up plans, meetings were held, and the problems were presented to the people. This activity brought out the fact that, through collective cooperation by voluntary donations of money, goods, and services, and through the spreading of cheer and hope, much can be accomplished to wrest the people from the clutches of uncertainty. Mothers, children, and widows, the sick, and the aged will be spared the shame of begging in the streets.

    Yesterday's meeting showed a gratifying response. The enlistment of fifty-five members is only a beginning, just an impetus for others to join.

    Publication of the activities of this organization will bring those unable to attend this or the previous meeting in contact with the crying need of our less fortunate people. This appeal for help, this effort to quiet the uncertainty of the poor will soften the hearts of our prosperous element. The ranks of the generous will swell from a hundred to a thousand, possibly into thousands. Having no multimillionaires or millionaires in our files, 3we do not expect any large sums of money to fill the empty coffers of this welfare organization. But our people are rich in Christian love, tenderness, and hospitality. They are fond of the words of Christ: whatever you have done to the unfortunate brothers in their need, you have done unto me.

    What we need now is to have all the kind-hearted gather at the next meeting, to be held this coming Sunday at 4 P. M., so that they may join the ranks of those who have offered to help this cause.

    The help of the businessmen, property owners, and our prominent citizens will be valuable to our cause. The dollar that they may contribute to the fund for the poor is not so important as their vote and opinion. On February 14, the meeting will finish a discussion on the constitution [of the society], and a vote will be taken concerning the adoption of certain amendments. The suggestions of our prominent citizens, therefore, will be of great help in this respect.

    4

    This meeting is not being held for the sole purpose of obtaining money. A matter of greater importance, the continuation of this work and the materialization of plans to put this association on a sound foundation is the main issue. The money contributed will serve a two-fold purpose to the donor: it will be a sacrifice of money to help save the needy, and a sacrifice to God, Who places this upon the altar of love for the poor.

    Let us all join this noble cause. Remember the words of Jesus: Come, blessed children of my Father, and share the kingdom set aside for ye since the dawn of time.

    Please bear in mind that the pockets of the indolent, false beggars, parasites, and traveling hoboes will not be bulging with these donations. Only those in urgent need will get assistance. In order to get this help, the recipients must be residents of this city.

    5

    A committee is needed to warn the people against misleading advertisements in which the claim is made that Chicago is a Mecca for those in need of work. Chicago, like any other city, is facing an unemployment crisis. People of long standing in this city and familiar with the English language, who besides being skilled tradesmen are intimate with influential people, have difficulty in getting work. The many beggars and unemployed that fill the streets are a good example [of the crisis now prevailing in Chicago].

    It is hoped that the Poles living in the Northwest Side will set a memorable example by joining this cause and offering their aid without being asked. In a short while, as the number of good-hearted people be increased on the rolls of the welfare association, the poor will be salvaged from their penurious state. The donations will be recognized by God as a token of good will to all men. The honor of our Polish people in this rapidly growing city will be saved. Their cooperation will long be remembered and the Poles will become a fine example of immigrants.

    6

    There is no charge to attend the meeting next Sunday. To become members, those desiring to help the poor will contribute a dollar to this charitable organization. Members will have their name published in the paper. At this meeting, to be held in the new Polish Hall, a board of directors will be elected.

    Fifty-five Poles joined the ranks of the Polish Welfare Association yesterday [during the latter's meeting] at the Polish Hall, Bradley street near Noble. A large crowd had gathered at this ...

    Polish
    II D 10, I B 3 c, III B 2, III G, I H
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 30, 1892
    The Polish Hospital (Editorial)

    We have received the following letter with the request that it be printed in our editorial section:

    An Appeal from the Polish Medical Practitioners of Chicago to the Poles

    "The Society of Polish Doctors practicing medicine in Chicago held the second meeting of a drive to interest the Poles of this city in a hospital of their own.

    "Although it cannot be denied that there are in Chicago many hospitals whose facilities are offered to the public at reasonable prices, the fact is that our people hesitate to go to them for medical care, and very often the doctors' recommendations of hospitalization are disregarded. The things 2that scare our people away from these hospitals cannot be discussed at present for lack of space.

    The necessity for a Polish hospital requires no profound study or explanation. If it pleases the healthy Pole to spend his idle time in a polish saloon or purchase his groceries in a Polish store, why shouldn't it be more pleasant for a sick one to be cared by a Polish physician? What could be better than to have a Polish patient confined in a Polish hospital where he is attended by Polish nuns?

    "Every group in Chicago, including the Jewish and the Negro, has its own hospital, but the Poles, who number a little over 100,000, do not have one.

    "Brother citizens, help us make this possible for our people by giving us your support and financial assistance, and we will be able to build a beautiful Polish Hospital in Chicago.

    3

    "As it has been decided to build this hospital out of contributions and to have Polish nuns in charge, collectors will be sent out to canvass the homes for signatures pledging financial support to this project, each person contacted stipulating the amount he or she is willing to contribute. As soon as enough names are obtained, a general meeting will be held at which the plans for the hospital will be discussed. The persons attending this meeting will elect directors and officers so as to execute the original plans agreed upon at the meeting of March 25." (Signed.) Dr. B. Stryzowski, secretary; Dr. M. Kossakowski, Dr. E. Czerniewski, Dr. K. Rewkowski, Dr. J. Train, Dr. L. Ostrowski."

    It goes without saying that a Polish hospital would afford many conveniences to our people in Chicago and vicinity; not only it is badly needed, but it is a shame to all Poles not to have their own hospital, especially when smaller groups have them. This appeal is just a step in the right direction, 4as by itself alone it cannot materialize.

    This plan of the Polish physicians shows a noble effort that deserves due credit and support, but we are afraid that it is not practical, as it is almost impossible to get enough funds to build a hospital by means of popular contributions. Generally speaking the Poles are not paupers and the erection and upkeep of a hospital would be possible if enough support could be found. As it is, it will be a difficult task to find such support, for only few Poles would contribute even for the beneficial project. Small donations, of course, will not supply the necessary funds.

    The funds would have to be large enough to make the building possible on a cash basis; otherwise small contributions would have to flow continually, thus increasing the overhead. Besides, if mortgage notes can not be met, the entire plan would be doomed.

    5

    If other groups have hospitlas, it is because they are better established in the city and have rich philanthropists to contribute large sums of money. Many times these philanthropists' contributions are so great that they are enough not only for the project itself but for the creation of a reserve fund for its expansion. We do not have very rich individuals in our colony. The best we can do is to make one philanthropist out of every few thousand Poles willing to share the expense of the hospital. Those who have tried to raise funds by popular contributions know the difficulties encountered, and that is why we say that the present plan of the medical group will meet with grave difficulties.

    We believe, however, that there is a good possibility along another road. Practically every Pole with a regular income belongs to some kind of society, and as there are many Polish societies in Chicago, it would be possible for most of them to agree upon a certain sum of money to be offered towards the hospital plan. This initial donation, plus a stipulated sum to be contributed annually, would place the project on a solid foundation. There should be no difficulties, for a hospital proposition so meritorious as this one cannot but gather the willing support of the 6members of many organizations. Through this plan the money would come from organizations that can be depended on. It is our opinion that this procedure would bring better results.

    We make this statement from past experience, and the type of plan we suggest shows at once whether or not the essential funds can be raised. With such information, it can be decided definitely whether the present plan can be worked out or not.

    We say "present plan" because we feel that the task of raising funds to carry it out would meet with greater obstacles than ever. This, of course, should not discourage its promoters to the point of scrapping it entirely.

    Today the Poles face many problems, and those who live among us are more or less familiar with them. For one thing we are continually making donations to the Holy Family Orphanage, and a welfare society has been recently formed that is asking all of us for support. Besides, contributions are being made 7right along for the Greek Catholics facing famine on Russian soil, not to mention the Monument Association, which has been receiving our support and will continue to get it for sometime, for the cost of presenting entertainments is high. To make the drain still worse, a Lithuanian Church is being built with the cooperation of many of our people. Money given towards the support of all these projects will never earn anything for the donors; it is an outright contribution, not an investment of capital.

    There is a plan followed by business enterprises, in which funds are raised through the sale of shares, the shareholders receiving returns out of their investments. Today we have two enterprises of this kind, but they have received very little publicity from our press. In addition there are a few building and loan associations that pay interest on every dollar invested.

    In view of the present setup, we contend that the hospital plan proposed by the Polish doctors has little possibility of materialization. We do 8not wish to discourage the originators of this admirable idea, but present conditions require that the plan be abandoned at least temporarily, that is, until conditions clear up.

    We wish to point out that when yesterday's editorial, "The Monument Project," appeared, the plans of the medical group were not known to us.

    We have received the following letter with the request that it be printed in our editorial section: An Appeal from the Polish Medical Practitioners of Chicago to the Poles "The ...

    Polish
    II D 3, I B 3 c, III A, I C
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- April 27, 1892
    Sister Freblowska's Garden

    Because many Polish mothers have to help their husbands earn the daily stipend, the Nazareth Sisters at 130 W. Division Street will open a home to accomodate the children of working parents. It will be called Sister Freblowska's Garden. This home will solve many wearisome problems for working mothers and will save many children from unfortunate mishaps.

    Beginning May.1, those children who are not of school age will be accepted in the Garden. The children will be under the constant care of the nuns from 7:00 A.M. to 7: P.M. They will receive three meals a day: at 10 A.M. 12 noon, and 4 P.M. The fee for those services will be very nominal and the 2benefits will be great.

    Those mothers who find their children a handicap when they are working about the home will find these pleasant accommodations a timely relief. They will be able to do more work and have less worry on their hands. Many Polish mothers who take in homework,such as, sewing, laundry, needlework, will be able to increase their earning power by taking advantage of these services.

    The fee of ten cents per child, or less, will pay in return ten times the amount. Worry, accidents, waste of hours will be averted, while the children will be acquiring new playmates in a homelike at atmosphere.

    Mothers take advantage of these services.

    Because many Polish mothers have to help their husbands earn the daily stipend, the Nazareth Sisters at 130 W. Division Street will open a home to accomodate the children of ...

    Polish
    II D 4, I B 3 b, I B 3 c
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- July 09, 1892
    The Welfare Association

    We again appeal to our citizens that they should condescend to join the Welfare Association in greater numbers, and support it more effectively than has been done heretofore.

    To remind the people of the conditions of enrollment into the Association, we mention here that a regular member of the Association pays $1.00 initiation fee, and then he pays $1,00 dues every three months. However, whoever cannot or does not wish to bind himself with quarterly payments and yet wishes to aid the Association in its work, can become a benefactor of the Association by either making a single financial payment of any type or by strengthening the Association through contributions of food, clothes, shoes, coal, and the like. One can come at any time, without even waiting for a quarterly meeting, to the financial secretary, Mr. Thomas Krolik, or to the recording secretary, Mr. Stanley Szwajkart.

    2

    Whoever wishes to become a regular member of the Association will have an excellent opportunity to do so tomorrow, Sunday, because at four o'clock in the afternoon, a quarterly meeting of the Association will be held and [a report of] the activities up to the present time will be read.

    Thus far the Association does not possess any so-called benefactors, and as far as regular members are concerned, they are comparatively few. Why? We are unable to explain this to ourselves, especially since we are convinced that there are many among us who are sensitive to the miseries and needs of the poor and who could at the same time aid if they wanted to. It may be that the Association gives little evidence of itself, it too rarely appeals to the compassion of the citizen: in the future this condition will be so much better that in accordance with the decision of the directors, the reports of the activities of the Association will be printed every week in the Dziennik.

    "Let everyone assist the poor with whatever he can." Everyone knows that there 3is a great deal of undeserved misery and need among us; but those, who, as officials of the Association, have had an opportunity to observe this misery from closer quarters now know more about this situation. Ailing widows, with several and often as many as eight young children; an entire unfortunate family that as a result of various adversities is compelled to sustain itself from the meager earnings of a twelve-year-old child; the aged and lame, completely unable to work--finally, many people troubled with a burdensome affliction who need assistance only temporarily and will willingly repay the loan as soon as they find the opportunity and strength to work and to whom such aid caused an indescribable benefaction, saving them from despair, at times from death and again from crime--such people are always among us. Many of us, could aid them and many of us know, and all of us should know that: "blessed are the merciful for they shall receive mercy." Many of us would never feel a shortage of any kind if we placed a sacrifice upon the altar of Christian compassion. Why do we not hurry with assistance to them? Has the pursuit of the American dollar cooled our feeling of Christian love?

    4

    "Let everyone assist the poor with whatever he can." Let the advertisement, presented in today's edition, entitled: "An Opera In A Room," serve as an example. Such means and methods, if one searched, could be found in abundance. The amateur who presents the already mentioned advertisement, during the course of eight weeks, expects to collect at least $5.00 per week for the poor. He sacrifices a few hours of his time and a bit of effort for this, and thus he will be able each week to wipe away the tears of four families. The effort is small but the merit of the deed will be inscribed to his benefit and may in the future serve to erase some errors from his book of life.....

    For many of our people even less effort would be required in order to find favor before God.

    What damage would a grocer sustain, for example, if he notified secretary Krolik, that he was ready, upon the recommendation of the Welfare Association, to give away gratis several dozens of eggs or ten pounds of flour for a period of one year? What loss would there be to a baker if he bound himself to donate a certain number of loaves of bread during a period of a year, upon the recommendation 5of the Association? Would it be a loss to a doctor if he were to notify the secretary that he would give medical assistance in so many instances to persons taken care of by the Association--or to a druggist if he were to issue a certain amount of medicine free, or at a very cut rate? Or would it be a loss to a proprietor of a shoe store, if he were to give away a certain number of pairs of shoes to the children of the poorest families attending school.

    We have various associations to which we pay our dues annually for the purpose of personally obtaining some profit from them, so that either our money will be compounded or that we may obtain assistance in time of illness and that our family may receive a small fund after our death; we can also afford to maintain the association into which the dues paid will wipe away the tears of the poor and needy, and will repay us morally. Let us not forget about this Association!

    We again appeal to our citizens that they should condescend to join the Welfare Association in greater numbers, and support it more effectively than has been done heretofore. To remind ...

    Polish
    II D 10, I B 3 c, III B 2, I C
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- July 22, 1892
    Our Materialism in America

    The desire for bettering one's condition in America, which has caused our brothers to emigrate from their homeland, has here developed into a feverish desire for gold. Just as every passion blinds a man in his action, so also does the desire for gold compel many of us to close our eyes upon this: that such one-sided material direction retards our political and national development in America. It is true that one should strive to obtain money, without which life in the present time is almost impossible. But it is also true that a useless striving for money creates a fat materialist out of even a most perfect man. It creates a slave of money. The result is that such a man forgets about everything and, his nationality as well, being devoured only by the desire of possessing money. There are many such slaves among us, therefore, evidently, one concludes that many forget about our nationality and, as a result, bring about its stagnation.

    This is no place to speak of the crimes caused by the unnecessary passion 2for money, but of the harm that this desire causes to our nationality among respectable Poles. Naturally, this applies only to those who do not make contributions for national purposes in accordance with their wealth.

    We complain of the lack of unity among the Poles in America and this unfortunately, is justifiable. There are societies that have death and other benefit insurance for their members. Undoubtedly, they are good in themselves and we wish them great progress. However, how many societies are there which, without an assurance of any material benefit, would have a respectable number of members? Few, very few. Our Polish theatrical productions are played most frequently in the presence of a comparatively small number of spectators. Some begrudge the money--materialism--others would rather go to the saloon--materialism--finally, materialism will not allow others to see the great moral and national benefits, nor the arousing of the feeling of beauty that comes from the plays. If among the Poles residing in, let us say, the northern part of the City of Chicago, if only every tenth person appeared at every play, the disheartened, self-sacrificing amateur artists would not act in half-filled halls!

    3

    How many members does the very useful Polish Welfare Association have? In proportion to the general amount of Poles, the number is insignificant.

    What can be said of our emigration home in New York? Every one has recognized its usefulness, many emigrants have received effective care and assistance, but materialism does not allow its successful development. Materialism does not permit everyone to bring financial aid to this home. From the one-and-a-half million Poles residing in the United States, at least $20,000 should come for this home in the first year, of which one-half could be turned over into an iron fund. But a frivolous love for money and for enjoyment, materialism, makes us inconsiderate, insensible to the fate of our arriving brothers, who are exposed to a purely Egyptian misery and slavery. Hence, our national stagnation and the subsequent political stagnation.

    We have spoken of our materialism manifesting itself in several public matters. Let us now pass over to private affairs. The fever of quick acquisition of wealth causes a majority of the Polish parents to send their children to work 4at hard labor as soon as possible, though they are not yet completely developed physically or morally, so as to bring in as much money as possible in the shortest space of time. The environment in which they find themselves, the words that they hear there, the labor too difficult for their undeveloped strength, create veritable physical and moral dwarfs of these Polish children. By so doing we will become slaves in this free America, the servants of other nationalities. Such action is particularly hostile to the acquisition of an education, and hence to a belated occupation of an important position among other nations. In America too, as elsewhere, and even faster, do conditions change. At present the father can get some sort of a job even without any higher education, but in about twenty years that will be an impossibility for his son. While the other national groups, as for example, the Germans progress so much higher in education, we retrogress because of the indifference of the parents toward the school, until, finally, the time will come when every passer-by will push us with contempt as a bad and worthless object.

    This same materialism manifesting itself in the desire for a rapid acquisition of wealth discourages the Polish youth in America from [learning] the Polish language; it causes the careless parents to send the Polish children to English 5schools in opposition to pedagogic, national and Christian principles, and as soon as they have received their first Holy Communion they turn them over to the shops and factories, where the corrupted atmosphere and even more corrupted moral conditions destroy our youth and render it worthless for Polish and American national political life. Hence our national and political stagnation, quick retrogression and approaching early downfall!

    This same materialism even destroys the family ties amongst us. The father and mother are elated that their son or daughter, though young, already earns so much; then they are able to pay "board" to the parents. Father and mother! You have gained a "boarder" but have lost a child. The meager money which you receive from him will tear away his love and respect for you. It will cause the child to be on an equal basis with you; it will cause him to renounce his obedience to you and shower you with insults because he already is an independent "boarder". We have seen instances where the children have evicted their father from the home because he did not contribute in any way or could not pay for his "board". It could not be otherwise; a family of that type is not a family [living] in accordance with the Divine 6will, but merely a "boarding-house." The laxity of family ties leads these families and an entire nation to moral, financial, and political degradation.

    Let us cast out from amongst ourselves this degenerated and shameful materialism; let our families base themselves upon the Divine law, which is opposed to materialism. Let us strive incessantly toward more elevating, honorable, and Divine goals, and then our political and national stagnation in America will come to an end.

    The desire for bettering one's condition in America, which has caused our brothers to emigrate from their homeland, has here developed into a feverish desire for gold. Just as every ...

    Polish
    I C, I A 1 a, I A 2 a, I B 3 b, I B 3 c, I D 1 a, II D 1, I F 4, III A, III H
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- March 01, 1893
    Polish-American Participation in the Lwow Exposition of 1894 (Editorial)

    In accordance with our promise given to the readers of Dziennik Chicagoski, we return to a discussion of the Polish-American participation in the Lwow Exposition of 1894. We are leaving the article in the Emigration Review on the side for the time being, and turn oar attention to the letter received by Mr. Peter Kiolbassa from the directors of the Exposition.

    The letter, from its text, constitutes a formal invitation of the Poles in America to participate in the Lwow Exposition. The letter justifies our participation by the fact that 1894 is the hundredth anniversary of Kosciuszko's insurrection; that we should use the-results of our peacetime efferts as evidence to outsiders that we continue to exist and that we have a right to exist. On this principle, the directors of the exposition intend 2it to be not merely a display of provincial talent, but instead, a general manifestation involving all provinces of Poland, as far as political conditions will permit, of course.

    American Polonia has already been characteristically christened as the "fourth partition" by people in the old country. It is the least known "partition," if we may call it thus, for it has only recently been discovered by our brethren in Poland. But it attracts wide interest in Galicia and Poznan; it is discussed secretly in Russian Poland. In spite of the increased facilities of communication, in spite of the fact that we seek to acquaint our countrymen in Poland with our activities in many different ways, they still seem to be inaccurately informed. Until not long ago, they were completely unaware of our existence and development; today they probably overrate our strength and significance. If once we accept the premise that Poles living in America ought to retain their nationality, that they are under obligation to their mother country, we must admit that closer relations between American Polonia and its homeland are imperative. These relations ought to begin with mutual understanding. We admit also that occasion for such an understanding is presented by the Lwow Exposition, which, as we see, 3is planned on a broad scale and which will, no doubt, draw numerous visitors from all three divisions of Poland. And so it is quite logical that the directors should turn to American Polonia with a request that we submit examples of our work here to the Exposition. We ought not be unrepresented in this "national exhibition," as the letter describes it, since we consider ourselves a fragment of the Polish nation. And so, we ought to accept the invitation tendered by the directors of the exposition and prepare ourselves for participation in it. This is how the matter presents itself to our minds. We hope, too, that this neighborly viewpoint will be accepted by the Poles in America generally.

    More complicated are the questions: What form will our participation take? Who is to direct it? How large a fund is necessary for this purpose and how shall it be raised?

    While the letter from Lwow presents the matter in a general way, yet it already speaks of a Polish-American pavilion. In our opinion, this desire is a bit too bold. Obviously, the directors of the Exposition cannot be 4accurately informed, and hence they propose a project which presupposes that the Poles in America are able to carry a considerable expense. This is not true. We know well that our people in America are poor people, already weighed down with a great many burdens. Again, our people are almost exclusively workingmen, though a few are engaged in business. There are practically no independent Polish-American manufacturers. We have no industrial specimens to offer, therefore; even craftsmen are rare among us. Thus it can readily be seen that we would have too few specimens of manufacture, handicraft, etc., to necessitate a separate pavilion for their display. In place of this, our exhibit should give our brethren across the ocean a picture of our religious, intellectual, and national life. We build schools and churches, we publish books and newspapers, we organize societies for every conceivable purpose; this is the phase of our existence most interesting to our mother country, and we should strive to create the clearest possible conception of it. Our exhibit might consist of photographs of Polish schools and churches in America, bound volumes of our newspapers, books published here. We might show them the constitutions of our societies, their emblems, brochures, and in some cases, handwritten manuscripts. Such a 5collection would not be difficult to assemble, it could be sent to Poland at low cost, and a place could be found for its display at the Exposition. Best of all, it would give a clear picture of our life here. It may be that this picture would not altogether be complimentary, but at least it would be a truthful one. Obviously, aside from the above-mentioned exhibit, the completion of which would be more or less a public duty, it would be left to the initiative of private individuals, if such willing persons could be found, to supply specimens of industry, handicraft, etc. So much for the form which, in our opinion, our participation in the Lwow Exposition should take.

    The two remaining questions present no serious difficulties. Who shall direct it? Obviously, our newspapers first, and afterward, people of good will and action. Mr. Kiolbassa requested that we publish the letter he received and that all other Polish newspapers reprint it in order to disseminate the idea--to open discussion of the matter in the newspaper column. After it has been thoroughly discussed from all angles, Mr. Kiolbassa will call a mass meeting of Polish-American citizens to talk the matter over. It is practically certain that volunteers will be found to lend their services to 6the cause. This procedure should be followed by other Polish colonies, and eventually a central committee could be formed to take charge.

    Should the exhibit be arranged according to the lines we have proposed, the fund required would be small. The task of raising the money required would be comparatively simple; the fund could be satisfied partly by public donation and partly through the efforts of the individuals and societies most concerned.

    The matter of representation of our newspapers in the Exposition is primarily a question for newspapermen. We will leave its discussion for another time.

    In accordance with our promise given to the readers of Dziennik Chicagoski, we return to a discussion of the Polish-American participation in the Lwow Exposition of 1894. We are leaving ...

    Polish
    III H, II B 1 c 3, II B 2 d 1, II B 2 d 3, II A 3 a, I A 2 a, I B 3 c, II A 2, II D 1, III C, I C, IV
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- December 11, 1893
    Christmas Cheer for the Poor St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish is Bringing Help to the Poor; Contributions Coming in from the Patriotic Organization; Mr. Albert Jendrzejek's Donation

    Hard times and a cold winter--these two terrible conditions--have brought suffering not only to the Poles but to all other residents in Chicago likewise. There is lack of work, the depression is general, the people are suffering from cold and hunger--such is the universal theme. The depression does not affect us all in the same manner; still the times are terrible and heart-rending for many. Many of our brethren need our help. To help them is a praiseworthy Christian act. Everyone of us is no doubt suffering in some degree, but this does not free those who are faring better than others from helping the poorest, who have no bread, fuel, or even a shelter.

    This Christian duty is more apparent today than ever before.

    2

    Christmas is coming, the star will shine in the heavens on this day of happiness for the entire Christian world, on this day when the Saviour was born. How many orphans, widows, and beggars of every description will shiver from cold and hunger during this coming Christmas season! Shall we do nothing about it? Doesn't charity command us to help the poor widows? Surely, it commands.

    Others--Americans, Germans, Swedes, Dutch, French, Jews even--have initiated this relief plan on a large scale. They are collecting contributions from everybody, supplying shelter for the poor in an attempt to alleviate their despair and satisfy their hunger.

    And the time has arrived for us Poles to do something for our own poor. And we have already begun.

    In the St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish

    As we know, there has existed for some time in our own parish a charitable 3society which, although possessing meager funds, helps the poor as much as possible. This society depends solely on the contributions of its members, so it is evident it cannot do very much. Today, when the need is so great and Christmas cheer for the poor requires larger expenditures, it would be too difficult for it to be able to perform this task properly.

    Realizing this, the administration of the St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish has decided to call on all of its parishioners, without exception, for their wholehearted help in this great necessity, to appeal for general contributions, to ask for the widow's mite from everybody who can afford to give. Our parish clergy has raised a strong voice in this matter also. This sincere effort has brought results. The voice of the priests has reached the hearts of the faithful.

    Immediately after the church services, a group of citizens met in one of the school rooms. Reverend Vincent Barzynski urged those present to give, and spoke very earnestly. It was decided then to organize an extraordinary citizens' committee, which is to gather donations for the Christmas cheer 4for the poor and, additionally, to co-operate with the existing Charitable Society in helping the poor unfortunates.

    A Christmas cheer committee was then selected: Mr. Thomas Krolik was chosen secretary and Mr. Jacob Mucha, treasurer. Additional committees were appointed to gather contributions and to distribute them. Donations flowed in immediately. Over one hundred dollars was collected on the spot (itemized list of contributions will be published in this newspaper tomorrow). A separate regular collection was made for the Charitable Society. It was decided to continue energetically the collection of contributions.

    In order to help the men, our women, who have always had warm hearts, also decided to do something. Today at two o'clock in the afternoon, at the meeting of the Ladies' Patriotic Society, this matter will also be thoroughly considered.

    In general, our parish teems with workers. Everyone is thinking of the poor; everyone is hustling to bring them some relief. It is possible that the Christmas cheer will be distributed in grand style in the school hall.

    5

    Mr. Jendrzejek's Donation

    Mr. Albert Jendrzejek, one of the most prominent Polish citizens of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish, made the day outstanding through his generous and sincere donation.

    Besides the orphans in many private homes, there exists in the confines of the St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish, the Holy Family Orphanage, and Christmas day should be a day of rejoicing for the orphans also. Believing this to be true, Mr. Albert Jendrzejek donated one hundred dollars for a Christmas cheer for the children at the orphanage.

    For this generous offering, Mr. Jendrzejek deserves due honor and credit. May God repay him a hundredfold for his wonderful gift.

    Christmas Cheer for the Poor

    by the Polish Patriotic Organization

    The Patriotic Organization, always first in worthwhile undertakings, is joining 6in this action wholeheartedly. At its meeting yesterday, December 10, it was decided to end the old year with a good deed.

    Believing that on the day when our Saviour descended to the earth everyone should rejoice, and that the tears of sadness of the most unfortunate should be wiped out if only on this one day, it was decided to arrange, not the usual evening entertainment, but an afternoon entertainment on Monday, December 17, in the hall on Bradley Street, the proceeds to be used for a Christmas cheer for the unfortunates.

    The program of the afternoon entertainment will consist of two speeches and a reading, the texts of which will be announced later, solo and choir singing, recitals, piano solo, and our own brave Turners, who will appear in new exercises.

    Admission will be only twenty-five cents for a reserved seat, and ten cents for an ordinary seat.

    7

    We feel that with such a wonderful program and the low price of admission, the hall should be filled to overflowing, and many a poor child will be made happy on the birthday of our Saviour.

    Contribute

    As can be seen, the beginning has been initiated in the St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish. But this is only a beginning....There is so much suffering, so very much....and not only in our parish! Therefore additional contributions are desired in the greatest possible number. It is not sufficient to feed the poor on one day in the year, around Christmas time; they should be helped oftener. So we earnestly urge everyone to contribute to help the poor.

    Send your contributions to the treasurer, Mr. Jacob Mucha, 152 Blackhawk Street. All contributions will be announced in Dziennik Chicagoski. The editors are also offering their services in receiving contributions, which will immediately be sent where they belong. Finally, because there is great suffering in other Polish communities in Chicago, kindhearted and public-spirited 8citizens there will also do their share. As far as we know, similar action has been begun by the Central Administration of the Polish National Alliance. We urge all Poles in Chicago to devote their time and make sacrifices for this cause. All information regarding this matter will be gladly printed in our paper.

    Hard times and a cold winter--these two terrible conditions--have brought suffering not only to the Poles but to all other residents in Chicago likewise. There is lack of work, the ...

    Polish
    II D 10, I B 3 c, I D 2 c, III B 2, IV
  • Zgoda -- December 26, 1894
    Address asking help for the poor Poles from Pullman.

    We received the following letter to be placed in this paper the - Zgoda;

    Dear Polish Brothers in Chicago! - We have been without work for the past seven months due to the strike at the Pullman plant.

    This whole misfortune is a trial of conscience, for the Poles.

    Many of the strikers of other nationalities have been back at work for sometime, but we poor Poles are less fortunate, because we do not understand, speak or write the American language, and we haven't any bright prospect for the future, because it will be a long time before we go back to work, if then. We Poles are suffering the most and are the hardest pressed; many with their wives and children are on public charity, and are waiting from day to day for help from some unknown source.

    With the New Year a few days away, we are asking our Polish brothers, to help the unfortunate ones and their families. God will repay you for all the good you do to help these poor.

    2

    The other nationalities remember their needy at all times, because they say "it is our duty to take care of our brothers." Why don't the Polish businessmen, and workers of different organizations look into this matter of their poor brothers and help them, now in their hour of need. This is not merely a letter but a plea, please do not forsake us now.

    Paul Andzyczka

    John Dluzak

    We received the following letter to be placed in this paper the - Zgoda; Dear Polish Brothers in Chicago! - We have been without work for the past seven months ...

    Polish
    I D 2 a 4, I B 3 c, II D 10, I A 3, I D 2 c
  • Zgoda -- January 21, 1897
    A Plea to the General Public

    Many people are without employment at present, haven't anything to eat or clothe themselves with, are even led to suicide. It is very sad when you stop to consider it.

    Out of 150,000 Poles in Chicago a great number of them find themselves in this state, that they are hungry, without clothes and sick.

    We then take upon ourselves the responsibility and organize a "Chicago Aid and Relief Society" for those unfortunate ones. The committee requests those, who are more fortunate, to contribute to this task, as we know you all shall aid us in our work of good will toward destitute persons.

    Many people are without employment at present, haven't anything to eat or clothe themselves with, are even led to suicide. It is very sad when you stop to consider it. ...

    Polish
    II D 10, I B 3 c, I D 2 c
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 26, 1897
    Szatkowska Vs. Polish National Alliance

    (The following letter has been received for publication in the Dziennik Chicagoski.)

    Dear Editor:

    Being vitally interested in course of the suit of the widow of the late Mr. Szatkowski against the Polish National Alliance for the death benefit due her from the Alliance, I investigated the matter from the very start and followed the proceedings in court. It came as a great surprise to me when I read in the columns of the Zgoda an article signed by Mr. E. Z. Brodowski, entitled "Explanation," relative to this matter.

    I must say openly that after reading the article I came to the conclusion that the author must have been an acrobat or a contortionist, because the facts were greatly distorted.

    2

    First of all, according to the article, the matter was to have started "at the moment when the said institution was passing from an illegal to a legal standing" (sic) [Institution in this case may mean the Polish National Alliance].

    This does not agree with a certain article published by the Zgoda in 1896 which also was signed by "E. Z. B.". An attempt was made to prove that the first charter was not in good order. The fact is that only after constant complaints had been made by the members of the Polish National Alliance was the first charter recalled, and only after certain errors had been rectified was a new charter obtained. But this one also had its shortcomings.

    It can be pointed out--to throw light on the matter--that the money belonging to Mrs. Szatkowski was held by a writ of attachment in 1895 and again on July 1896, when the Alliance passed into a "legal status" (the charter being issued on March 30, 1896).

    3

    Mr. Brodowski does not make it clear whether the attachment issued in 1895 forced the administration, or rather Mr. Brodowski (the fact is that he and not the treasurer paid out the money), to pay the entire sum to Attorney Depka, or only a part. This is rather a curious situation according to the reports in circulation and the replies presented in court under oath.

    As to the statement made about the "example set by our predecessors," I can safely say, having known Anthony Mallek and I. Morgenstern, one of whom is absent and the second persona non grata with certain members of the present administration, that during their times there was no such incident. Consequently I cannot understand why such "examples" should exist under the present setup.

    Mr. Brodowski has a peculiar point of view when he calls Mrs. Depka a "poor woman" for she has sued and won a decree for $1200. It seems to me that this is a fair sum of money, enough to safeguard the widow from utter poverty. Considering the fact that she is in good health and is employed as a housekeeper 4by Mr. C.

    We read in the constitution of the Polish National Alliance that the organization is obligated to take care of the widows and orphans of the deceased members. When the administration wishes to act in this direction, should not this act warrant censure when the money is paid out to someone other than the widow? Why did not the organization of the Polish National Alliance give a guarantee of the payment of the money and make an arrangement with Mrs. Szatkowska relative to an appeal of the decree which was given in the same court in which Mr. Brodowski and others think of winning the present case? If the guarantee is good then why the court proceedings and the additional costs?

    Isn't it sad for an important institution, such as the Polish National Alliance, to have an official who has so greatly neglected his duties that he has permitted a wrong to be done to the widow who is compelled by her circumstances to pick up coal on the railroad tracks or to seek help from the county agent?

    5

    The scoffing on the part of Mr. B. at the widow, a poor, sickly, and aged woman, who has lost the aid of her husband, who for many years paid his dues in order to assure his wife's future, is truly an unpleasant act for a president of the Polish National Alliance.

    Did the author of this article ever stop to reflect for a moment and consider that perhaps some day his family might be placed in the same circumstances as Mrs. Szatkowska is facing at the present? This was an injustice done to her, for, after all, she only made a demand for what was coming to her--the fulfillment of the contract.

    The old proverb about the "table and scissors" can well be applied to Mr. B. there will be enough time at the next convention of the Polish National Alliance to explain the action and give proof of the "strength and energy" of the members of the administration, without the article printed in the official organ.

    6

    In conclusion I wish to suggest that if the members of the Polish National Alliance will go deeper into this matter I do not doubt that public opinion will indicate the most just decision in this case.

    (The following letter has been received for publication in the Dziennik Chicagoski.) Dear Editor: Being vitally interested in course of the suit of the widow of the late Mr. Szatkowski ...

    Polish
    II D 1, III B 2, I B 3 c, IV