The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Skandinaven -- January 03, 1872
    [Scandinavians in Chicago]

    The last census showed 14000 Scandinavians to be in Chicago, of whom 6,373 were Norwegians, 6,154 Swedes and 1,243 Danes. If we figure children and grandchildren it would make a total of 30,000. No wonder that there are so many Scandinavian lodges.

    The Norwegian Turner Lodge established August 14, 1867, 115 members; Nora-Lodge, I.R.H.K., founded May 17, 1863; Norwegian Dramatic Club, founded March 12, 1868, 10-15 members; Norwegian Men's Singing Society, founded October 30, 1870, sixteen active and twenty passive members. The Norwegian Band, founded July 1, 1870, ten uniform members and the Norwegian National Guard, founded September 30, 1870. Exercises and Uniforms as U.S.A. Army-Norwegian Progressive Club, the purpose is churchly and social functions.

    The last census showed 14000 Scandinavians to be in Chicago, of whom 6,373 were Norwegians, 6,154 Swedes and 1,243 Danes. If we figure children and grandchildren it would make a ...

    Norwegian
    III B 2, III A
  • Skandinaven -- May 27, 1890
    Real Estate [Among Scandinavians]

    Recently, large pieces of real estate have changed hands in the Scandinavian colony which runs from Halsted Street to Robey Street, and from Indiana (Grand Avenue) Street to Armitage Road.

    Several corners have been sold by E. Dreier, the most prominent Dane in the colony, for sums as high as $150,000.

    Around Humboldt Park, lots are being sold by the hundreds to Scandinavians. Humboldt Park, no doubt, will soon become the main Scandinavian colony.

    Recently, large pieces of real estate have changed hands in the Scandinavian colony which runs from Halsted Street to Robey Street, and from Indiana (Grand Avenue) Street to Armitage Road. ...

    Norwegian
    II F, II A 2, III A
  • Skandinaven -- December 31, 1891
    The Scandinavian Colony

    The Scandinavian colony has begun to move westward. From its inception, it grew rapidly in the neighborhood of Indiana Street and Milwaukee Avenue; but because property values are at a standstill and business is poor, the colony now moves to the west. The section around Humboldt Park, from Ashland to California Avenues, and from Indiana Street to Armitage Road, seems to catch the fancy of Scandinavians. The section around North and Western Avenues is already a well-developed business district.

    The Scandinavian colony has begun to move westward. From its inception, it grew rapidly in the neighborhood of Indiana Street and Milwaukee Avenue; but because property values are at a ...

    Norwegian
    III A, I C
  • Skandinaven -- February 16, 1892
    Norwegians in Chicago (Editorial)

    It is not known when the first Norwegian arrived in Chicago, but we do know that there were a number of Norwegians here in 1850.

    Pastor Paul Anderson organized the first Norwegian Lutheran Church here, about 1850. There are only a few of the original settlers left, among whom is Mrs. Iver Larsen, whose son Victor Lawson, is the owner of the Daily News.

    John Anderson, the publisher of Scandinaven, came here about 1848; at that time Jens Olsen, Mrs. Andrew Nielsen, and Dr. Paoli were already settled here.

    John Anderson began to publish Scandinaven in 1865. Norden and Amerika 2were started in the seventies.

    The Norwegian settlers lived around Huron, May, Erie, Indiana and Superior streets. Milwaukee Avenue was their main street.

    The first bank in Chicago was started by a Norwegian, The Chicago State Bank; the president, H. A. Haugan, came to Chicago in 1859 and in 1879 he and Mr. Lindgren started the bank.

    Paul O. Stensland started the Milwaukee Avenue State Bank; he came to Chicago in 1871.

    It is not known when the first Norwegian arrived in Chicago, but we do know that there were a number of Norwegians here in 1850. Pastor Paul Anderson organized the ...

    Norwegian
    I C, II B 2 d 1, II A 2, III A, III C, III G, IV
  • Skandinaven -- December 01, 1893
    [Get Your Citizenship Papers] (Summary)

    We are told that it costs only fifty cents to get your first citizenship paper. You can take it out any time and you need no witness. Your final citizen's paper is entirely free, but you must have witnesses that will testify that you have been in the United States for five years, and there must be two years between your between your first and your final paper.

    People who came to the United States before they were eighteen only need the final paper, but they must have been in the country for five years and they must also bring witnesses.

    We are told that it costs only fifty cents to get your first citizenship paper. You can take it out any time and you need no witness. Your final citizen's ...

    Norwegian
    III A
  • Skandinaven -- December 01, 1893
    Norwegian, Danish, English

    Make your paper half English for our children cannot read the Scandinavian tongues, and our old folks like to read Scandinavian. Please try to give us half and half or we must give up either the English paper or the Scandinavian paper.

    Make your paper half English for our children cannot read the Scandinavian tongues, and our old folks like to read Scandinavian. Please try to give us half and half or ...

    Norwegian
    III A, III A
  • Skandinaven -- February 25, 1894
    [Appeal to Scandinavian Voters]

    The Scandinavian Naturalization Clubs advise all the Scandinavians to vote as a bloc at the next local election. Wards 14, 15, 16, and 17 can be controlled by the Scandinavians. We showed that at the last mayoralty election.

    The meeting will take place at the Scandia Hall next Wednesday evening. We expect a large audience.

    The Scandinavian Naturalization Clubs advise all the Scandinavians to vote as a bloc at the next local election. Wards 14, 15, 16, and 17 can be controlled by the Scandinavians. ...

    Norwegian
    I F 1, I F 4, I F 2, III A
  • Skandinaven -- February 25, 1894
    [The New Federal Building]

    Skandinaven demands that the interest of the west side be dully considered in the matter of selecting the site of the new post office. It insists upon nothing which is not fair to all parties deserving consideration. The question of the location of the new Federal building should be decided on broad grounds. The prosperity of the whole community, and the present and future needs of the city should determine the choice of the site. A Federal building in a city the size of Chicago is not an ephermeral structure. It is supposed to last for generations and to satisfy the needs of the city for some decades at least.

    If it should be located on the lake front it would be comparatively little use to the majority of the people. Within ten years the need of a more centrally located post office would be apparent, whereas the location suggested by the Skandinaven will serve the best interests of all concerned, not for a day, or for a few years, but for all time, if we may judge the future in the light of recent developments.

    Skandinaven demands that the interest of the west side be dully considered in the matter of selecting the site of the new post office. It insists upon nothing which is ...

    Norwegian
    III B 1, III A
  • Skandinaven -- March 11, 1894
    [Seek Johnson as Alderman] (Summary)

    The Scandinavian Republican Party of the 17th Ward had a meeting last Friday in Scandia Hall to discuss the election of Aldermen. They agreed to try to get Thorvald Johnson to run for Alderman of the 17th Ward. Seventy-five percent of all the registered voters in the 17th Ward are Scandinavians.

    The Scandinavian Republican Party of the 17th Ward had a meeting last Friday in Scandia Hall to discuss the election of Aldermen. They agreed to try to get Thorvald Johnson ...

    Norwegian
    I F 2, III A, I F 2, I F 2, III A, III A
  • Skandinaven -- May 10, 1896
    "The Scandinavian Contingent" (Editorial)

    "The Scandinavian Contingent," a paper by K.C. Babcock in the current issue of the Atlantic Monthly, is a very valuable contribution to contemporary history.

    The author has devoted many years and a vast amount of patient labor to the study of the Scandinavians in America, as well as in their old homes. His opportunities for observation and study in this particular field have been exceptional. He has lived for some nine years in Minneapolis, a city with a large Scandinavian population representing all three branches of the Norse family and making itself felt in all walks of life. As a student and as a teacher of history in the University of Minnesota, he has maintained close relations with a large number of Scandinavian young men and women of the best type. As a citizen of Minnesota he has been in a position to observe 2the Scandinavians in politics; one fourth of the population of Minnesota are of Scandinavian birth or blood, while one fourth of the Scandinavians in the United States are residents of Minnesota. The University of Minnesota at Minneapolis affords the best view to be obtained of the Scandinavians in the United States. Moreover, Mr. Babcock is familiar with the languages and literature of Norway, Sweden and Denmark. He has personally visited a large number of Scandinavian settlements in the northwest, and has extended his investigations and observations to the Scandinavian countries. He is singularly well qualified to discuss "The Scandinavian Contingent" intelligently and instructively, and in his paper in the Atlantic Monthly he has done justice to his subject and to himself alike.

    Mr. Babcock's narrative [style] is easy and steady. He writes as one who knows, and at once gains the confidence of his reader. His picture of the Norseman in America is fair, truthful, and sympathetic. As a citizen, the 3Norseman ranks very high in Mr. Babcock's opinion; yet he is not blind to his racial defects. His characterization of the three Scandinavian types is apt to be impartial. The article concludes as follows:

    "As Swedes, Norwegians and Danes, they fast disappear; merging, not into Scandinavians, but into Americans. They earn their right as such, and are proud of their possession. They readily fit into places among our better classes, and without hammering or chiseling, add strength and stability to our social structure, if not beauty and a high level of culture. Because of their habits of thought, their respect for education, and their conservatism, the difficulties of adjustment to their presence are at a minimum. The Scandinavians will not furnish the great leaders, but they will be in the front rank of those who follow, striving to make the United States strong and prosperous--'a blessing to the common man'. As Americans, they will be builders, not destroyers; safe, not brilliant. Best of all, their greatest service will be as a mighty steadying influence, reinforcing those high qualities which we sometimes call Puritan, sometimes American."

    4

    As has been stated, Mr. Babcock's paper is a very careful piece of literary workmanship. It is singularly free from mistakes; and such inaccuracies as may be found are merely suggestions or incidental remarks. The Norwegians' "distrust of the Irish," to which he refers, is largely confined to a few cities, for example, Chicago where competition for work is apt to run along national lines. In the country districts Norsemen and Irishmen get along peacefully, as neighbors should. The author's reference to statistics on intemperance in the Scandinavian countries would indicate that he is not fully familiar with the great improvement which has taken place in recent years. The consumption of "strong drink" has decreased materially in Sweden and Denmark, while Norway for a number of years has exhibited a smaller consumption of intoxicating beverages per capita than any other country in Europe, excepting the southern peninsulas of that continent. Here in Chicago the Scandinavians are not heavy drinkers, in fact, little drunkenness is noticed.

    5

    In the opinion of the author, "the Scandinavians will not furnish great leaders," of this great people. He may be right, and probably is; their comparative numerical weakness in the country at large, places them at a disadvantage in this respect. But they have produced great leaders in the past and even in our own days. The late John Sverdrup of Norway was a leader of rare genius and power; in England he would have been a Gladstone, in America a James G. Blaine. And in the Northwest the Scandinavians have already furnished leaders of considerable power and influence. Mr. Babcock will, it is believed, admit that the sturdiest and strongest political leader in Minnesota today is a Norwegian.

    Here in Chicago, and in Illinois, we have leaders who are not only popular, but of real importance.

    It may be assumed that Mr. Babcock is preparing a more exhaustive presentation of the subject so admirably outlined in "The Scandinavian Contingent".

    6

    He does speak of the professional men and women of note who live in Chicago and the middle west.

    "The Scandinavian Contingent," a paper by K.C. Babcock in the current issue of the Atlantic Monthly, is a very valuable contribution to contemporary history. The author has devoted many years ...

    Norwegian
    I C, I F 5, III A, III G, I B 1, V B