The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    The First Celebration -- National Holiday -- Chicago

    Chicago, November 24, 1892, eight o'clock in the evening the local L. M. D. celebrated the anniversary of the death of S. Daukantas, the philologist and magister of the University of Vilno. The meeting was held at Mr. Szimkiewicia's Hall, 811 South Halsted St. J. Szimkiewiczia was elected chairman of the meeting. The speakers of the evening were Mr. Bradczulis and Masionis.

    P. Masionis spoke about the life of S. Daukantas, and why we must respect our great men. P. Kazlauskas spoke about Polanized Lithuanians and the beauty of our own language. P. Szimkiewicze and Pacewicze spoke about the great men of Lithuania. The most important speaker was Mr. Bradczulis.

    He spoke that our ancestors, more than 1,000 years B. C. came to Europe from Asia. He said, according to philologists, archeologists and historians, that in Central Asia, in the province of Hindustan, they discover a Sanscrit nation which is recognized as the oldest nation, that the Lithuanian language has the closest resemblance to the Sanscrit language. That our ancestors moved north, to improve their economical conditions.

    We find relics of Lithuanians in Greece. There are many names of people and places showing a close resemblance to Lithuanian names. We also find many Lithuanian names in Bulgaria. There are many cuts on stones of the Lithuanian emblem of the knight. There are many places and rivers with Lithuanian names. At that time Lithuanians used the Ruthenian alphabet.

    2

    The history of Lithuanians was written for us by the great historian and writer S. Daukantas.

    That many Lithuanian writers wrote in other languages, especially in Polish. Lithuanian writers made Polish literature world famous.

    In this assembly tonight we are proud to remember our great benefactor in history and literature, Simonas Daukantas.

    Chicago, November 24, 1892, eight o'clock in the evening the local L. M. D. celebrated the anniversary of the death of S. Daukantas, the philologist and magister of the University ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, II B 1 d, III H, I C, IV
  • Lietuva -- January 14, 1893
    Reminder

    Chicago, January 18, 1893

    I, J. W. Zacharewich, instructor of dancing, am revealing to all the Lithuanian youth of Chicago that for the last two Saturdays there were many young men and girls who learned how to move their limbs and to dance "Polka" properly. Last Saturday we began to study how to dance that most popular dance "The Berlin." On this coming Saturday will be the last lesson of this dance. Then we will begin to study the "Waltz."

    I am very glad that we Lithuanians are beginning to teach our youth such a good habit as dancing. Through dance not only one learns how to move his feet, but learns how to be polite.

    When you learn how to dance well you can go to the dancing halls, or arrange dances at home. This will keep our youth from the saloons.

    In the next issue of this newspaper we will publish a lecture which was delivered by a very educated doctor, who says that dancing is very important.

    The third dancing lesson will be given Saturday, January 14 at 8 P. M. at Zeslawski Hall, corner of 32nd and Laurel street.

    J. W. Zacharewich

    Chicago, January 18, 1893 I, J. W. Zacharewich, instructor of dancing, am revealing to all the Lithuanian youth of Chicago that for the last two Saturdays there were many young ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 f, IV
  • Lietuva -- January 28, 1893
    [What Influence Have the Lithuanians?]

    On January 8th, Mr.Peter Kiolbasa, the city treasurer, August Kowalksi, F. Toleklinski and St. Kunza, went to Springfield, Illinois to see Governor Altgeld. They will ask the Governor Altgeld to support those Poles who are seeking city jobs.

    When will the Lithuanians be able to do likewise?

    On January 8th, Mr.Peter Kiolbasa, the city treasurer, August Kowalksi, F. Toleklinski and St. Kunza, went to Springfield, Illinois to see Governor Altgeld. They will ask the Governor Altgeld to ...

    Lithuanian
    I F 4, I F 4, IV
  • Lietuva -- April 22, 1893
    From the Editor the Newspaper Is Bought by New People

    Brothers, Lithuanians, readers of the newspaper Lietuva.

    We are notifying all of you that the newspaper Lietuva was bought by P. Zakarewiczius and S. Leliaszius and the paper will be published under its former name Lietuva.

    The former editors-publishers wrote what you Lithuanians must believe, wrote against priests, etc., so the good Lithuanian Catholics quit reading such paper. With such writings they brought misunderstanding among Lithuanians because the editors did not care to write about Lithuanians, and about the good duties of the church they did not care to write either.

    Editor

    941 W. 33rd St.

    Brothers, Lithuanians, readers of the newspaper Lietuva. We are notifying all of you that the newspaper Lietuva was bought by P. Zakarewiczius and S. Leliaszius and the paper will be ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1, III C, IV
  • Lietuva -- June 17, 1893
    From the Editor

    Hereby we are announcing to all brother Lithuanians that this week there came the following change in the office of Lietuva:

    Mr. P. Zacharewiczie, who owned this print shop in partnership with Mr. S. Lelaszius, by his own good will and consent, sold his share this week to Mr. S. Lelaszius, so that Mr. Zacharewiczia is not and editor anymore.

    Now Mr. S. Lelaszius sold the share of Mr. Zacharewiczia to Mr. A. Olszewski, who now will be the editor of Lietuva and, together with Mr. Lelaszius, will publish Lietuva.

    Mr. Zacharewiczia was an old man and on account of his age cannot work hard anymore. Mr. Zacharewiczia and Mr. Lelaszius bought this paper, brothers, and they have separated without any dispute or misunderstanding.

    2

    Now I, Antonas Olszewski, am inviting all brother Lithuanians to co-operate with me and send money on any business on my name: A. Olszewski, 941 W. wwrd Street.

    Brother Lithuanians, from now on we will print all kinds of books that we do not have in the Lithuanian language. We will sell steamboat tickets and send money to all parts of the world.

    Our newspaper will be edited in the Catholic spirit; it will attack everything that is bad and do the best for Lithuanians.

    Up to this time our paper was young and unable to accomplish much. We ask you to help us to make this paper one of the greatest Lithuanian papers in America.

    Editor.

    Hereby we are announcing to all brother Lithuanians that this week there came the following change in the office of Lietuva: Mr. P. Zacharewiczie, who owned this print shop in ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1, IV
  • Lietuva -- September 23, 1893
    Lithuanian Farm Colonists' Meeting

    The meeting was held on September 17 at 3:00 P. M., 3301 Auburn avenue. Mr. A. Olszewski was elected chairman of the meeting. There were at the meeting three agents of three different companies. The agents had maps of farm lands. They explained the quality of land, the condition of climate, communication, markets, etc.

    The Lithuanians decided that the State of Minnesota is most suitable for Lithuanians, because the climate there is almost like that in Lithuania.

    They decided to establish a Lithuanian colony in the following counties: Jackson, Cottonwood, Lincoln, Lyon, Yellow, Medicine, Kandiyoki, Chippewa and Swift, Minnesota. The price is from $8 to $11 per acre. The down payment is one dollar per acre and the balance on a ten year installment plan. They can buy 40, 80, 120, 160 acres or more.

    There are now 33 Lithuanian families ready to join the Lithuanian colony. At this meeting a committee was elected of John Janksztas, Alexandra Bijanskas, and Casimir Kuncia, to investigate the land, and if the land is good and a suitable climate, markets, and railroad facilities exist, then we will start to buy land to establish a Lithuanian colony.

    At this meeting after a brief discussion, the name for Lithuanian colony was chosen. It will be known as the Lithuanian Farmers' Society of America.

    2

    Every Lithuanian family who wants to join this Lithuanian colony, please send two dollars to cover the expenses of those men who will go to investigate the land. If we buy the land the company will refund railroad expenses.

    In the name of the society,

    A. Olszewski.

    The meeting was held on September 17 at 3:00 P. M., 3301 Auburn avenue. Mr. A. Olszewski was elected chairman of the meeting. There were at the meeting three agents ...

    Lithuanian
    I L, IV
  • Lietuva -- March 24, 1894
    The Chicago Lithuanians Are Awakening

    At last the Chicago Lithuanians began to take action in politics. In wards where there are Lithuanians they are organizing political clubs. In the last few years we have had in Chicago the Lithuanian Independent Political Club, but now in every Lithuanian ward they are organizing Republican clubs.

    In the 7th, 9th, 10th and 16th wards, they have organized Republican clubs, and now a Republican club in the sixth ward. Seventeen members joined this club at the first meeting.

    The 6th Ward is the stronghold of Lithuanians, there are more Lithuanians in this ward than in any other section of Chicago. If we Lithuanians work together we will accomplish something for ourselves and for our nation. Let us work together, show to other nations that we are just as good as the people of other nations.

    The president of this club is Mr. A. Olzewski, editor of Lietuva; vice-president, L. Azukas; secretary W. Zacharewiczia; reporter F. G. Masionis.

    The meetings will be held at Azukas's Hall, 3301 Laurel street. There are no initiation fees in this club, so join now; you will see what benefit there will be for you.

    At last the Chicago Lithuanians began to take action in politics. In wards where there are Lithuanians they are organizing political clubs. In the last few years we have had ...

    Lithuanian
    I F 2, III A, IV
  • Lietuva -- April 28, 1894
    About the Lithuanian Theater in Chicago

    Last Sunday, April 22, the Lithuanian Theatrical Group presented the well-known and famous play "Genevieve."

    The sponsors of this play knew that the Lithuanians do not care much to go to see such a play, because they do not know the value of such a spectacle. The sponsors of this play asked the Reverend Krauczunas to announce in the church about this performance. Reverend Krauczunas very gladly announced it and urged the people to come and see this wonderful spectacle.

    The actors did their parts wonderfully. The people saw one of the greatest religious plays, and the devotion of a wife to her husband. There was not one dry eye among the spectators.

    The play was a great success not only spiritually but financially as well. The profit was donated to the people of Kraziai, Lithuania, where the terrible massacre of Lithuanians was committed by the Russian Cossacks under the order of the Russian government.

    Lithuanians will remember this spectacle for a long time.

    Last Sunday, April 22, the Lithuanian Theatrical Group presented the well-known and famous play "Genevieve." The sponsors of this play knew that the Lithuanians do not care much to go ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 1 c 1, II D 10, III H, IV
  • Lietuva -- December 15, 1894
    The Alliance of Lithuanian Political Clubs in Chicago Is Organized

    After long agitation and many discussions, the Alliance of the Lithuanian Political Clubs was at last organized the 9th day of December. There were nine Lithuanian political clubs in Chicago. These clubs worked separately and many times worked against each other. Now we are organized into one strong Lithuanian political organization. This organization will be known as the Lithuanian Republican Alliance of the State of Illinois. The following officers were elected: President. A. Olszewski; vice-president, Franciszkus Palionis; first secretary, Motiejus Waranka; second secretary, Petras Jonaitis; treasurer, Wincentis Wasilianskas.

    The following wards joined this alliance: Wards 6, 9, 10, 15, 16, 18 and 23. While the 7th and 29th wards have not joined our organization as yet, we are asking those two wards to join our alliance without delay. Let us show to other nationalities that we Lithuanians are just as good as the other people.

    After long agitation and many discussions, the Alliance of the Lithuanian Political Clubs was at last organized the 9th day of December. There were nine Lithuanian political clubs in Chicago. ...

    Lithuanian
    I F 2, I F 5, I C, IV
  • Lietuva -- June 08, 1895
    About the Chicago Lithuanians (Editorial)

    The Chicago Lithuanian community is young. During the last two years they have shown real activity among themselves. We must say, that the Chicago Lithuanians accomplished more than the Lithuanians of any other city, where they had been living for the last few scores of years.

    We have eleven Lithuanian societies, nine societies of men, two societies of women, and a cluster of the Lithuanian Catholic Alliance of America.

    Of those mentioned societies, we have among them three best societies: one is the Simonas Daukantas society which has its own library; society of the Grand Army of the Duke Vytantas, has uniforms and can participate in any parade; and the society of musicians can go on parades, play on concerts and festivals.

    We have eight Lithuanian political clubs organized into the league as a 2result of political activity a few Lithuanians have the city jobs.

    On Bridgeport we have a church and fourteen lots. Now, north side Lithuanians have decided to buy a church for $10,000

    But now in the last few days Lithuanians began to talk about one of the most important organization that should be established among us, the Lithuanian Building and Loan Association. Rev. Kranczunas called a meeting of a few Lithuanians and now they are working on the constitution. When the plans are ready for such organization, the meeting will be called for the final organization of this society.

    Such financial organization is one of the best for Lithuanians. We are living in this country. Why then should we give our money to others? They are making profits and building up their business with our money. Why then cannot we make our money work for us. We are buying buildings, lots, looking for leans. Why then must we pay interest to others, when we can pay it to our-selves?

    3

    Many Lithuanians lost their money in Jewish banks, but the money cannot be lost in a building and loan association.

    This coming Sunday a meeting of this new financing organization will be held. If our Lithuanians want to protect their own money they should come to this meeting, hear the plans and discussions, Join this organization, and help to build the Lithuanian business.

    The Chicago Lithuanian community is young. During the last two years they have shown real activity among themselves. We must say, that the Chicago Lithuanians accomplished more than the Lithuanians ...

    Lithuanian
    II A 2, II B 1 a, II B 2 a, III C, I F 2, I F 4, I C, IV