The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    The Spiritual Movement of Chicago Lithuanians

    Lithuanians in Chicago: According to our statistics there are close to 4,000 Lithuanians in Chicago. Lithuanians began to reside in Chicago about thirty years ago. In the beginning there were very few of them, just in the last few years the number of Lithuanians increased. Today there are seven societies:

    1. The oldest society is Sw. Kazimieraus Karalaiczio (St. Casimir, the Prince) established in the year of 1885.

    2. Kunigaikszio Gedemino (Duke Gedemin) established in 1891

    3. Apveizdos Dievo (Province of God) established in 1892

    4. Szwento Jurgio (Saint George) 1892

    5. Cluster of Lithuanians Science Society in 1892.

    6. Theatrical Society in 1892.

    Also in this year Lithuanians organized a political club which will be a great benefit to Lithuanians. It seems that the Lithuanians of Chicago will not yield to other cities where Lithuanians are more numerous.

    2

    In a short time there will be a Lithuanian Church in Chicago. The lot for the church is bought, also a frame church is bought already soon to be moved on the lot. The church for the Chicago Lithuanians will be an inexpressible benefit, not only for spiritual need, but for national as well, many will be converted back to Lithuanians. We know that there are many Lithuanians in Chicago that do not want to call themselves Lithuanians. The church, by proclaiming the word of God in our native language, will bring many to the right road, that is, it will make good Lithuanians.

    All wanton persons, strayers, none will find the road to come back to their own homes.

    The news is coming from the members of societies, that all Lithuanians - all societies are willing to make union, in order that solidarity and love would reign among Lithuanians, that among all Lithuanians, the ideal of Lithuanianism would prevail.

    We hope, that the spiritual leader of our parish will not reject this plan, will come to help us by urging and awakening our brothers.

    Reporter "Lietievos."

    Lithuanians in Chicago: According to our statistics there are close to 4,000 Lithuanians in Chicago. Lithuanians began to reside in Chicago about thirty years ago. In the beginning there were ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, III B 2, I F 2, III C
  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    Brothers and Countrymen!!

    It is well known to all of us that in Chicago there are not a few groups of Lithuanians, there are a few societies, we have started to build a Lithuanian church where one can assemble to worship our Creator in our own language.

    We know that it is hard to understand and to have unity among ourselves is such a large city like Chicago. It takes at least two hours' time to get together among ourselves.

    By seeing the causes why we cannot work closer among ourselves to make acquaintances and to express our thoughts we find it very convenient to publish a Lithuanian newspaper which will come to assist us in spiritual and material needs.

    Brothers, you will understand without our explanation what benefit our newspaper will be to us. Sponsoring the building of a church, the Home of God, we are anxious to increase the membership of our parish. We can 2announce and express our views in a broader way. It makes better understanding among us, when one understands in his own heart and thoughts. When a society wants to give its program through the newspaper we can give moral support to help our brothers in their activities.

    We publish this newspaper not for personal gain but to recover the Lithuanian spirit, language and to unite Lithuanians into one organization. This newspaper will not be against the church. We have many deeds unfinished, and new ones to begin, therefore we will work for what is more necessary to us.

    You see how our brothers are suffering under that cruel dragon of Russia who wants to rob our native language, prohibit us to read and to write in order to keep us in darkness, and when we are ignorant they do with us what they please. We all know the purpose of Russia: to teach us the Russian language, to prohibit our newspapers and then without any difficulty convert us to orthodoxy. Let us look to other nationalities, 3Czechs and Poles. They have their newspapers, many Lithuanians read Polish papers. Those who are reading literature and newspapers are more educated. They earn more. It is easier for them to make a better living and to gain wealth.

    Therefore, brothers, let us not slumber. Wake up from the sleep of lethargy. We must begin to read newspapers and books. Let us teach each other. Let us live in brotherhood and unity. We must tie ourselves in one brotherly knot. Do not pay attention to the differences of our thoughts and ideas. We must go with one purpose. Let us have one thought among us, unity, education and mother country, then there will be no misunderstandings among us. With our united strength we will obtain a better livelihood.

    It is well known to all of us that in Chicago there are not a few groups of Lithuanians, there are a few societies, we have started to build a ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, II B 2 d 1, III C, I C
  • Lietuva -- December 31, 1892
    Attention Lithuanians!

    Society Szwento Kazimiereaus Karalaizio (Saint Casimir the Prince) will have its monthly meeting on Sunday, January 1, 1895, 2: P.M. at Mr. Czeslawskis' Hall, corner of 32nd and Laurel Ave.

    Cordially invites all its members to come to this meeting, we have a very important matter to decide.

    Society Szwento Kazimiereaus Karalaizio (Saint Casimir the Prince) will have its monthly meeting on Sunday, January 1, 1895, 2: P.M. at Mr. Czeslawskis' Hall, corner of 32nd and Laurel Ave. ...

    Lithuanian
    III C
  • Lietuva -- December 31, 1892
    Brothers and Countrymen!

    Once more we appeal to our Lithuanian brothers in order to understand our national ideas, to have love towards our fellowman and God, we ought to come and help our innocent brother Blauzda, who requires from his countrymen spiritual and material help. Brothers we must sign an affidavit to prove that our brother Blauzda is a man of good character, this is necessary to defend him in his case and for his freedom.

    On the 18th day of December, 1892,our countrymen helped him as much as they could, we are thanking them very much.

    We have hope that the honorable members of Saint Casimir's Society will not forget their brother and will help him in his distress.

    Do not forget countrymen that this cause ought to show brotherhood among us, and also, this will make us worthy among other nations.

    Once more we appeal to our Lithuanian brothers in order to understand our national ideas, to have love towards our fellowman and God, we ought to come and help our ...

    Lithuanian
    II E 2, III C, I C
  • Lietuva -- December 31, 1892
    About Lithuanian Alliance in Chicago

    The Chicago Lithuanians known by their own experience, that if we want to work for the good of Lithuanians, all societies ought to make an alliance into one parish, to have love among ourselves and to help each other as much as we can.

    The purpose of all of us ought to be one: To work on the Lithuanian field, to enlighten our illiterate brothers, that they would not be so blind. There are many Lithuanians in Chicago, they with great devotion are spending time and money to enlighten themselves and their brothers. But unfortunately, our brothers are very slow to undertake education.

    The society of Gedeminas promised to join the parish on December 11th. Mr. Grinius made motion to join the parish, all the members gladly accepted the motion.Also society Apveizdos Dievo (Province of God) is willing and not afraid to join the parish.

    We have hopes that through the newspaper "Lietuva," all Lithuanians will be united, thus will become good Catholics and Lithuanians.

    The Chicago Lithuanians known by their own experience, that if we want to work for the good of Lithuanians, all societies ought to make an alliance into one parish, to ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, III A, I A 3, III C
  • Lietuva -- January 28, 1893
    Meeting of the Province of God Society

    On the 28th of January at 8 P. M. at the Church Hall, Paulina and 17th St., the Society of the Province of God will hold its yearly meeting. All members must come. We have many important questions to decide.

    On the 28th of January at 8 P. M. at the Church Hall, Paulina and 17th St., the Society of the Province of God will hold its yearly meeting. All ...

    Lithuanian
    III C
  • Lietuva -- February 04, 1893
    Lithuanian Churches in America

    The prophecy of G. Wiastelianskas is fulfilled. He said that when there were many priests among Lithuanians in America, then the exploitation of Lithuanians would be in full swing.

    The priest wants to build a church as soon as there are few Lithuanians. But when Lithuanians build their church, the priest assigns the church to a bishop. So the bishop has the church and Lithuanians pay the debt and the debt increases every year. The more go to church, the more they are duped. Lithuanians become slaves of the priest, live a miserable life, hope for no better life, except after death.

    We need no church, we need schools, education. The only way to give education and culture to Lithuanians is through education. We need teachers to teach natural science but not dogmas.

    Why do our priests not open schools? Why don't they educate the people? The priest wants to exploit but not educate his people. When people are ignorant the priest exploits them and lives a dissolute life. The sooner the Lithuanian will convert churches into schools the sooner they will make progress and will improve their own living conditions.

    The prophecy of G. Wiastelianskas is fulfilled. He said that when there were many priests among Lithuanians in America, then the exploitation of Lithuanians would be in full swing. The ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I A 1 a, I A 2 a
  • Lietuva -- February 11, 1893
    Consecration of the Lithuanian Church in Chicago

    Through the effort of the Lithuanians in Chicago, they saw for the first time their own church.

    Last Sunday, February 5, with a great celebration, the Lithuanian church was consecrated. Many Lithuanian societies joined this celebration and helped the parish to decorate the church. The church was very nicely decorated. The church was packed with people. The organist, Mr. Butkewiczius, with music delighted the people, and for the first time the mass was held in a Lithuanian church.

    It seems that Lithuanians of Chicago were pleased with their accomplishment, they freely gave money for the church, they bought a lot and in a short time established the church.

    There were many priests at this consecration. [gap] and effort we are thanking the Lithuanian societies, the parish and the organist.

    Sziuksztas

    Through the effort of the Lithuanians in Chicago, they saw for the first time their own church. Last Sunday, February 5, with a great celebration, the Lithuanian church was consecrated. ...

    Lithuanian
    III C
  • Lietuva -- February 16, 1893
    "Nationalism and Catholicism."

    Today we hear very often among Lithuanians especially the long skirted priests that Lithuania without Catholic faith would be without any organization and even would forget its own language. Not only faith but fanaticism is very essential to Lithuanians, it is a protection against our enemies who want to destroy Catholicism, while Catholicism is the strongest foundation of Lithuania. If at present Catholicism would be destroyed, Lithuanianism would collapse at once. The people would become cosmopolitan, they would be very easily converted into other nationality.

    Let us examine closely such talk. Is not this beneficial to only one class under the cover of good intention for nationalism?

    The question arises what were the benefits of strong faith and fanaticism when we look back to history we find the horrors of Catholicism in the Spanish inquisition that killed more than 100,000 people in a few years, and this was for the sake of merciful God. And let us add the men of science who were prosecuted, denounced and burned on the pyre. Let us remember the life of the first Christians and of the Christians of today-- or of a few centuries ago.

    Do they or did they practice what they advocate -- love thy neighbor as thyself?

    Where Catholicism had its power, like in Germany, France and Poland, people of those countries did not know what nationalism meant. Is this not a fact that Catholicism destroyed the independence of Poland and Ireland? Is this not 2 a fact that wherever Catholicism lost its power, like in France, Germany and England, than and only then, those countries made progress? What big industrial progress made England and United States, and why? Because those countries were not under the control of Catholicism. While Italy, is still in the depths of darkness, just because the is under the yoke of Catholic fanaticism.

    In Lithuania the Catholic clergy did not care to educate the people, kept them in darkness. But when reformation arose, Lithuania began to teach Lithuanians to read prayers, not because the clergy cared to educate the people, but in order to stop Lithuanians from adopting the Lutheran faith.

    Lithuania for the last five hundred years was ruled by Catholic clergymen. They brought slavery, exploitation and demoralization. That Catholicism is the most industrious is in manufacturing saints.

    We must understand that only through science we will obtain freedom. We were long enough under the black skirt of fanaticism.

    Today we hear very often among Lithuanians especially the long skirted priests that Lithuania without Catholic faith would be without any organization and even would forget its own language. Not ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I B 4, III H
  • Lietuva -- February 18, 1893
    Parishioners' Meeting

    There is distress in our parish, the priest Kolesinskis does not want to hold holy mass every day in the Lithuanian church. The priest wants to convert our beloved church into a chapel and the priest himself wants to remain in the Polish church. The priest does not pay the debts of our church and does not give to us any accounting.

    The priest made friendship with the Polanized Lithuanians and wants to sell our church on auction.

    Therefore, brothers, if you love God come to the meeting after the evening service in the church hall where we will decide how to put order in the management of our church.

    Committee

    P. S.

    The meeting, as always, was troublous, there were no results, but the priest Kolesinskis took heed from the parishioners and agreed to hold mass every day. The parishioners agreed and the meeting adjourned.

    There is distress in our parish, the priest Kolesinskis does not want to hold holy mass every day in the Lithuanian church. The priest wants to convert our beloved church ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I B 4, I C