The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    The First Celebration -- National Holiday -- Chicago

    Chicago, November 24, 1892, eight o'clock in the evening the local L. M. D. celebrated the anniversary of the death of S. Daukantas, the philologist and magister of the University of Vilno. The meeting was held at Mr. Szimkiewicia's Hall, 811 South Halsted St. J. Szimkiewiczia was elected chairman of the meeting. The speakers of the evening were Mr. Bradczulis and Masionis.

    P. Masionis spoke about the life of S. Daukantas, and why we must respect our great men. P. Kazlauskas spoke about Polanized Lithuanians and the beauty of our own language. P. Szimkiewicze and Pacewicze spoke about the great men of Lithuania. The most important speaker was Mr. Bradczulis.

    He spoke that our ancestors, more than 1,000 years B. C. came to Europe from Asia. He said, according to philologists, archeologists and historians, that in Central Asia, in the province of Hindustan, they discover a Sanscrit nation which is recognized as the oldest nation, that the Lithuanian language has the closest resemblance to the Sanscrit language. That our ancestors moved north, to improve their economical conditions.

    We find relics of Lithuanians in Greece. There are many names of people and places showing a close resemblance to Lithuanian names. We also find many Lithuanian names in Bulgaria. There are many cuts on stones of the Lithuanian emblem of the knight. There are many places and rivers with Lithuanian names. At that time Lithuanians used the Ruthenian alphabet.

    2

    The history of Lithuanians was written for us by the great historian and writer S. Daukantas.

    That many Lithuanian writers wrote in other languages, especially in Polish. Lithuanian writers made Polish literature world famous.

    In this assembly tonight we are proud to remember our great benefactor in history and literature, Simonas Daukantas.

    Chicago, November 24, 1892, eight o'clock in the evening the local L. M. D. celebrated the anniversary of the death of S. Daukantas, the philologist and magister of the University ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, II B 1 d, III H, I C, IV
  • Lietuva -- June 03, 1893
    Decoration Day

    The Lithuanians cannot forget that Americans have special days to remember, to respect and to give great honor to their friends, relatives and to their national heroes.

    Americans have a great national holiday, the Fourth of July, to remember their heroes who died and shed their blood for the independence of this country -to make this country free. Americans have another national holiday, February 22nd, the birthday of George Washington, the father of this country.

    Americans have a Decoration Day, to remember their friends, relatives, soldiers and other national heroes who died for their country. On Decoration Day, Americans are having meetings in schools and halls, where prominent speakers and professors are delivering orations and lectures on the good deeds of their patriots and national heroes.

    Lithuanians and Poles have their great men, Kosciuszko and Pulaski and others.

    We hope that in Chicago in the near future, there will be a monument built for Kosciuszko, then Lithuanians and Poles together can go on Decoration Day to remember and to pay tribute to our great national hero.

    The Lithuanians cannot forget that Americans have special days to remember, to respect and to give great honor to their friends, relatives and to their national heroes. Americans have a ...

    Lithuanian
    I C, I J, II C, III B 3 a
  • Lietuva -- November 04, 1893
    The Jubilee of Simonas Daukantas

    The hundredth anniversary celebration of the death of the Doctor of Philosophy, Simonas Daukantas, was celebrated on October 29, in the church hall in Bridgeport.

    The speakers were Dr. J. Kodis, Mikolainis, Fr. Bracziulis, D. Kodis, Pacemiczius and J. Grinius.

    The speakers told about the great literary accomplishment of Simonas Daukantas. They said about the hardship of Lithuanians, their struggle to save the Lithuanian language and their country.

    That we Lithuanians had one man, Simonas Daukantas, who wrote Lithuanian history and proved to the world that Lithuanians had a high culture at the time when all other European nations were in a stage of barbarism. Simonas Daukantas proved by historical facts that Russians, Poles and Germans were civilized by Lithuanian culture and that Lithuania lost its independence because she was attacked by every nation of Europe.

    Secretary Grinius.

    The hundredth anniversary celebration of the death of the Doctor of Philosophy, Simonas Daukantas, was celebrated on October 29, in the church hall in Bridgeport. The speakers were Dr. J. ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a
  • Lietuva -- January 27, 1894
    Appeal by the Chicago Lithuanian Societies to all the Lithuanian Societies of America

    Last year we had an anniversary celebration of Simonas Daukantas. Spectacles and speeches about our great benefactor are not enough. Look at the other nations, they build monuments for their heroes, great men and benefactors. So we Lithuanians must do more than to hold meetings, listen to speeches and then forget about it.

    It would be a better kind of jubilee for our great benefactor to have a book published in order to show what Simonas Daukantas has done for Lithuanianism and the nation. Let the Lithuanians read about this great man of ours.

    Every Lithuanian society and individuals must contribute sums of money for publication of, such a book. The names of donators must be published in the book. The price of a book ought to be low enough so that even the poorest person could buy it. The Chicago Lithuanian societies decided that each society should contribute $15.00 for publication of the jubilee book. Not less than 20,000 copies of this book ought to be printed.

    The presidents of the Chicago Lithuanian societies who made this appeal are:

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    President K. Andruszis, of St. Casimir the Prince Society;

    President St.Pocewiczius of the Province of God Society;

    President J.F.Dzialtuwa, of St.George Society;

    President W.Wabalinskas, of The Duke Gedeminas Society;

    President A.Naweckas, of St.John the Baptist Society;

    President F.A.Mikolainis, of Simonas Daukantos Society.

    Last year we had an anniversary celebration of Simonas Daukantas. Spectacles and speeches about our great benefactor are not enough. Look at the other nations, they build monuments for their ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, II C, II B 2 d 3
  • Lietuva -- November 09, 1895
    The Simonas Daukantas Society

    Our society is growing fast, we had seventy members, and on the last meeting forty-seven new members joined our society. We have $328.02 in our treasury. and the library is worth $150.00 - a total $478.02. The library contains one hundred and sixty volumes.

    At the last meeting the society members approved to have a doctor for the society at the monthly pay of $3.00.

    On November 3 the society celebrated the birthday of Simonas Daukantas which fall on the 28th day of October. There were speeches and declamations. The Lithuanian band played beautiful melodies; the Lithuanian choir sang national and popular songs.

    All the speakers urged that we Lithuanians educate ourselves, because education will uplift us to a better Life; educated Lithuanians will have better jobs; will have a larger and better Lithuanian business; will have more and better educational books; will have more Lithuanian schools. In this free country 2of America we Lithuanians can reach higher ideals and culture, and only then, can we show ourselves to other nationalities that we are just as good as people of any other nationality

    K. Pocius, secretary

    Our society is growing fast, we had seventy members, and on the last meeting forty-seven new members joined our society. We have $328.02 in our treasury. and the library is ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 1 d, III B 3 a, II B 2 a, II B 2 f, II D 1, I C
  • Lietuva -- November 10, 1899
    From the Simonas Daukantas Society

    Sunday, November 5, the Simonas Daukantas Society held its 106th yearly festival in memory of the honorable Lithuanian historian, Simonas Daukantas. The celebration was so successful that it could not be better. The day was sunny and warm, and the Lithuanians came from all parts of Chicago. The celebration started at 2:30 P. M.

    Seven Lithuanian societies participated in this celebration: The Simonas Daukantas Society, the Grand Duke Gedeminas of Lithuania, the Sons of Lithuania, the Liberty, the Truth Seekers, the Providence of God, and the King David. They marched with national emblems, Lithuanian and American flags, and a band was at the head of the marchers. Ladies rode in two coaches and were holding pictures of Simonas Daukantas, the Grand Duke Vytantas, and the Grand Duke Gedeminas. All pictures were decorated with flowers. When the marchers 2came into the hall, the pictures and flags were placed on the stage. The curtain in the hall bore an inscription in large letters, "Long Live Lithuania." The hall was packed with people to capacity.

    At the opening of the program the choir sang the first song, "The Vilija, our Mother of the Rivulets." (Translator's note: The Vilija is a river in Lithuania, being tributary to the river Nemunas at Kaunas). The inaugural speech was delivered by Mr. A. Olszewski, publisher of Lietuva. He spoke about the purpose of this celebration and about the life of Simonas Daukantas, and later he invited the other speakers. Then the choir sang, "Lithuanians, enough for us to sleep!" The second speaker was Mr. M. Varanka. He told about the hard work in the literary field that Simonas Daukantas performed, and asked the Lithuanians to follow his steps. The speaker told that we must have in Chicago a Lithuanian national school to teach our young generation the Lithuanian spirit. Then John Bagdziunas said a poem, "Hop, hop, who is there?" The third speaker was S. Kodis, 3who read an essay about the fatherland. Then Mrs. Olszewski declaimed, "Lithuania, the dear land of our old ancestors." The fourth speaker was Rev. Servetka, from Spring Valley, Ill. (Even though Rev. Krawczunas stated that this national celebration is for the propagation of infidelity, Rev. Servetka knew better what infidelity meant and took part in this national festival). The priest urged the Lithuanians to unite, work together for the cause of Lithuanianism. Then Miss Jadvyga Kanapeckaite declaimed, "Oh, I hear how the enemy of Lithuanianism is roaring." The fifth speaker, Mr. F. Masionis, spoke about the benefit of Simonas Daukantas' writings to Lithuanians. Then the choir sang, "Where the Nemunas is Billowing." The sixth speaker was Attorney F. P. Bradchulis, who urged to strive for education and enlightenment, because enlightenment will resurrect Lithuanianism and will subdue all the obstructors. Then Miss Mary Serekaite said a declamation, "Nevertheless, nevertheless, you lived up to." The seventh speaker was Mr. P. J. Jonaitis, who showed the 'doggishness' of some of the spiritual leaders in Chicago, how the Lithuanians donated their hard-earned money for the church and the priest gave the church to 4the bishop, while those who donated their last pennies got a fist. They even started to publish a newspaper, Katalikas, in order to make the Lithuanians fight among themselves. Further, Miss J. Kanapickaite sang a song, "This is the Samogitians (Zemaiciai) Country." The eighth speaker was the treasurer and Judge Alexander Vienviskis, from Spring Valley, Ill. (Translator's note: Alexander Vienviskis, when he came from Lithuania to Spring Valley, Illinois, was unable to read or sign his name. He opened a butcher shop and grocery business. His customers' names he used to mark on a stick. Later he learned to read and to sign his name. He was very industrious and shrewd. He joined politics and was elected treasurer and judge of that mining town. At present his son is a well known judge in Illinois. His name is Vinbiscus).

    The judge said the Lithuanians must educate themselves and have unity in order to prepare themselves to great national deeds. Then the choir sang, "The Longest Years."

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    The ninth speaker, Alex Bijanskis, said that the number of Lithuanians who are seeking enlightenment is increasing yearly; we can judge at this present meeting by comparing it with the past celebrations in Chicago. The tenth speaker, Mr. Anton Steponavicze, said that the Lithuanian nation in Europe is the oldest and was the most cultured nation in the past. He said that the great men of Lithuania raised up the weak Polish nation. That all the greatest Polish writers are Lithuanians, that the Polish nation gave nothing good to Lithuania. When the Polish nobility and clergy baptized Lithuania, Lithuania lost her culture and independence. That the Daukantas has done more good to us than all the Polish priests together, that Simonas Daukantas gave lessons to Bishop Valanczauskas in Lithuanian and German languages. Then, when Simonas Daukantas was lying on the death bed in the room of Bishop Valanczauskas, the bishop chased the sick Daukantas out of his residence. Simonas Daukantas has done more for Lithuania than all the bishops together, that Simonas Daukantas stands closer to Lithuanians than even the pope in Rome. Then, at 6the end of the program, the choir, accompanied by the band, sang the Lithuanian march, "Let the Forests Rustle." The banquet lasted until 2 A. M.

    We are thanking all that have taken part in this great national festival.

    After paying all the expenses, the Simonas Daukantas Society will have a net profit of several hundred dollars.

    F. Papauskis.

    The Celebration's Secretary.

    Sunday, November 5, the Simonas Daukantas Society held its 106th yearly festival in memory of the honorable Lithuanian historian, Simonas Daukantas. The celebration was so successful that it could not ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, II B 2 d 1, II B 1 d, I A 1 a, III C, III H, V A 1, I C, IV
  • Lietuva -- December 15, 1899
    Answer to Katalikas

    The Truth Seekers Society held its monthly meeting on Dec. 10, 1899. The society decided to reply to Katalikas' lying assertions which slandered the Chicago Lithuanian national celebration, and insulted the Truth Seekers Society as being a society of infidels. The Truth Seekers Society, in answering the Katalikas' writer, says that he knows about God as much as a hog knows about peppers. His God is the dollar, for which he serves his boss, Rev. Krawczunas, who sees the dollar as his god. Our God is the ruler of the universe, who controls and takes care of everything. While the Katalikas' god does not know of anything else but to take dollars, while those who refuse to give him dollars are called infidels. We do not believe in a god whom you can bribe.

    Furthermore, Katalikas slanders the national celebration, saying that 2this festival was arranged by A. Olszewski. This is a dirty lie. The Truth Seekers Society received invitation, not from Mr. Olszewski, but from the Simonas Daukantas Society. Katalikas says that there were only a few people in the hall, and that when the speakers began to speak many people left. This is a great lie! The Katalikas' editor himself sat in the gallery during the entire program. He saw that the hall was crowded, that nobody left the hall during the program, that all the people were listening with great attention to the speakers. Why does Katalikas lie? Because its god is the dollar, and for this god the poor editor has sold his conscience.

    The Truth Seekers Society.

    The Truth Seekers Society held its monthly meeting on Dec. 10, 1899. The society decided to reply to Katalikas' lying assertions which slandered the Chicago Lithuanian national celebration, and insulted ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, II B 2 d 1, III B 3 a, II B 1 d, IV
  • Lietuva -- December 22, 1899
    Reply to Katalikas and its Boss

    The Simonas Daukantas Society held its special meeting on December 9, 1899, and decided to reply to the lying statements Rev. Krawczunas published in Katalikas, making lying statements about the celebration which was held on November the 5th, saying that this celebration was dirty infidelity. The Katalikas, at the beginning of its article stated that this festival was given by A. Olszewski. It was given not by Olszewski, but by the Society of Simonas Daukantas. It looks to us that Mr. Olszewski is like a red rag to the bull to both Rev. Krawczunas and his editor Rusikis.

    Further, the Katalikas is lying when it says that during the marching parade, the ribbons were given to the by-standers in order to get more people in the parade. This is a great lie. Nobody gave any ribbons; nobody invited the by-standers to join the parade because we had enough marchers from the seven societies.

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    Furthermore, the Katalikas says that some of the speakers were dissolute, infidels, despisers of God and religion. This is another lie. The Katalikas lies because we did not have on the program the Chicago Lithuanian rector, whose greatest occupation is to frequent the Polish Alliance and spend the time in the dens of drinking, and for this our rector is known to all the Chicago public, as a drunkard and dissolute God's servant.

    Did ever the Katalikas' editor, Rusikis, or the Rev. Krawczunas tried to hold a national celebration? Do they understand what a national festival is? They ignore that the Simonas Daukantas' annual festival has nothing to do with religion. This is a national, not a religious celebration. At this celebration everyone present has the right to come to the stage and express his or her views. At our celebrations or meetings we do not have or make fights, as Rev. Krawczunas does at parish meetings. The Katalikas editor and the Rev. Krawczunas denounce the celebration as infidelity because they cannot reap the profits for themselves. Up to the present time our spiritual leader has made himself notorious by his fights at the parish meetings and by expelling honest people from the parish.

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    We are demanding from our spiritual leader not shameful lies and denunciations, but enlightening and educational articles in his newspaper. (This would be) much better than the dirty lies, insults and shameless attacks on the people who are propagating culture and humanism.

    The Simonas Daukantas society.

    The Simonas Daukantas Society held its special meeting on December 9, 1899, and decided to reply to the lying statements Rev. Krawczunas published in Katalikas, making lying statements about the ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, II B 2 c, III B 3 a, II B 1 d, IV
  • Lietuva -- February 15, 1901
    Celebration of Lincolon's Birthday

    February 12 is the anniversary of Lincoln's birth. This day is celebrated all over the United States of America as a national holiday. Other presidents do not deserve such commemoration because neither patriotically nor morally are they worthy of notice. Other presidents are the tools of the political parties which they represent.

    February 12 is the anniversary of Lincoln's birth. This day is celebrated all over the United States of America as a national holiday. Other presidents do not deserve such commemoration ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, I J
  • Lietuva -- May 24, 1901
    To the Members of the Simonas Daukantas Society

    According to the society's decision at the last meeting, all the members of the society should wear white gloves and come to the J. Petroszius Hall, 168 W. 18th St., corner Union Avenue, on May 26, at noon. From there the society will march in a body to the celebration of the display of the national flag by the Liberty Society. For not being present members will be fined, as it was decided at the last meeting.

    If on that day it should rain and one could not march on the streets, the members must come to the hall, where the celebration will be held, at 585 Center St., corner 18th St., 2 P. M.

    The Simonas Daukantas Society's Officials.

    According to the society's decision at the last meeting, all the members of the society should wear white gloves and come to the J. Petroszius Hall, 168 W. 18th St., ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, II B 1 d