The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- May 06, 1893
    Meeting of the Lithuanian Independent Political Club

    On May 1st, a meeting was held by the Lithuanian Independent Club at 634 South Canal Street. The Meeting was called to make arrangements to protest against the agreement between United States and Russia. The meeting was called to order by president G. Szimkiewicze. The motion was carried to ask the right Rev. Kolasinski to announce in church on 7th and 14th day of May, of our coming meeting in church hall on the 14th day of May, for making a protest.

    A committee of three was elected to prepare in writing the protest. The club secretary must advertise in all Lithuanian papers about this coming meeting. All Chicago Lithuanians must come on this important meeting.

    S. Dorgiewicz, Sec.

    On May 1st, a meeting was held by the Lithuanian Independent Club at 634 South Canal Street. The Meeting was called to make arrangements to protest against the agreement between ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 1, III B 2, I G
  • Lietuva -- May 13, 1893
    Meeting of the Lithuanian Independent Political Club

    The Lithuanian Independent Political club will hold its meeting May 14, 1:00 P.M., at the Lithuanian church hall, Bridgeport.

    This meeting is very important. There will be made a protest against Russia. Chicago city judges will speak.

    All Lithuanians must come to this important meeting.

    S. Dargewicz, Sec.

    The Lithuanian Independent Political club will hold its meeting May 14, 1:00 P.M., at the Lithuanian church hall, Bridgeport. This meeting is very important. There will be made a protest ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 1, III B 2, I G
  • Lietuva -- May 20, 1893
    A Report of the Meeting of the Lithuanian Independent Political Club

    A meeting was held by the Lithuanian Independent Political Club on May 14, 1893, 1 P. M., at the Lithuanian church hall, Bridgeport.

    At first the committee reported the speech of President Grover Cleveland delivered at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago. President Cleveland said that he, as President, can do nothing further, because the Senate has passed and signed the agreement between the United States and Russia. The Senate passed a law that when the Russian government wished to get any of her citizens from the United States, the case must go through the courts. If the court decides to deport the fugitive Russian, then he will be transferred to Russia.

    The agreement between the United States and Russia was to deport Russia's criminals to Russia. Lithuanian, Polish and Russian political fugitives 2know that Russia has a net of spies in the United States. When Russian spies find any political leader who is active among his people in this country, then the Russian spies will make a false report to the United States government that such a political leader is a fugitive from Russia as a criminal. Russia will produce false witnesses against such a political fugitive. Therefore, according to this agreement, the United States government must deport such a political fugitive as a criminal, even though he was incriminated falsely by Russia.

    At this meeting speakers declared that all people from Russia are political fugitives and that we Lithuanians must unite and fight against the monster dragon of Russia. That the Russian dragon is not satisfied with sucking the blood of the oppressed people in Russia, but is sneaking into this free country seeking for victims to satisfy this dragon's lust for blood.

    3

    Furthermore, the Russian dragon had its hypocritical war with Turkey to free Roumania and Bulgaria from the Turkish yoke. Who were the best soldiers and officers in the Russian army during the Russo-Turkish war? Why, the Lithuanians! The Lithuanian sons won the war, and the Russian dragon, the oppressor of humanity, gets the credit!

    If Russia in reality fought the Turk in order to free the Christians in Roumania and Bulgaria of the Turkish yoke, why then, brother Lithuanians, does not Russia free Lithuania? If the Russian dragon fought the war against the Turk, for the sake of Christianity, why then is the same Russian dragon keeping our mother country under its yoke? The Russian dragon suppressed our language, even the prayer books in the Lithuanian language being prohibited. And for reading prayer books in the Lithuanian language our sons are exiled to Siberia.

    4

    Now this Russian dragon is not satisfied with the blood of his victims, but this terrible dragon is seeking for more victims in this free country of America.

    We Lithuanians must devote ourselves, all our energy and effort, to help the oppressed people to overthrow the great dragon of Russia.

    S. Dargewicz, Secretary.

    A meeting was held by the Lithuanian Independent Political Club on May 14, 1893, 1 P. M., at the Lithuanian church hall, Bridgeport. At first the committee reported the speech ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 1, III H, I C
  • Lietuva -- January 31, 1902
    We Must Defend Ourselves

    For the killing of President McKinley by a man of Polish descent who was born in America, and is citizen of this country, the American politicians are denouncing foreigners and demanding that they be deported from America. Whereas, the American government is in the hands of politicians who do not care for justice or morality. These enemies of the foreign people believe that their project will be passed. The politicians are instigating all classes against foreigners. Therefore, we must defend ourselves. We must unite, and make protest against the American politicians' scheme. All the moral people of America are protecting the foreigners. These moral people have organized the Foreigners Protective League. This League is calling on foreigners to defend themselves against the fanatics.

    The White Russian newspaper, Svoboda (Freedom), states that the newspaper editors of foreign language (publications) should print blanks and 2 distribute them among their readers; then the readers should get signatures from citizens and send these protest resolutions to the senators at Washington, D. C. This is a practical project which ought to be started at once, before it is too late.

    We are not urging nor begging our nationals to come to this country and we do not say that this country is heaven, but we do protest against the fanatics who are trying to stop our brothers and sisters from coming into this country, just because they want to. We must stop the scheme of the political fanatics.

    For the killing of President McKinley by a man of Polish descent who was born in America, and is citizen of this country, the American politicians are denouncing foreigners and ...

    Lithuanian
    III G, II B 2 d 1, III B 1, II D 7
  • Lietuva -- February 23, 1902
    The Gracious Communists

    The enemies of freedom in America are preparing fetters for the poor, especially for the foreigners, to whom we Lithuanians belong. The arrival in America of Prince Henry of Prussia means only one thing: to make an agreement with the United States government in order to stop agitation among Lithuanians, Poles and other nationalities in this country against the oppression of these nationalities by Russia and Germany. Remember that these despots do not want to have enlightened people. In Washington, D. C., already a bill has been introduced to persecute those who are agitating against foreign nations. Do the Lithuanians take notice of such a bill that will do us much damage? I wish that the Lithuanians would not slumber on this matter, that they would spread the news among Americans about the sufferings of Lithuanians under the yoke of Russia. At present we have nothing better than a small book in the English language, The Bestiality of the Russian Tsardom Toward Lithuania, in which I and the Rev. Zurba 2 presented the facts of the persecution of Lithuanianism. It seems to me that this book would do some good for the Lithuanians if the book would be distributed among the more prudent Americans. I wish that every good Lithuanian would distribute that book by selling it or by giving it free. The societies for this cause could do very much. I have several thousand copies of this book, even though Mr. Oszewski did not print in his catalog the book's name. One copy of the book is 5 cents, while 100 copies are $2.50. Now is the proper time to spread the book among the Americans.

    J. Szliupas, M. D.

    421 Penn Avenue, Scranton, Pa.

    P.S. The money from the sale of the books I will give to the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance.

    The enemies of freedom in America are preparing fetters for the poor, especially for the foreigners, to whom we Lithuanians belong. The arrival in America of Prince Henry of Prussia ...

    Lithuanian
    III G, II B 2 d 3, III B 1, III H, IV
  • Lietuva -- March 14, 1902
    You Must Act Without Delay

    We can call emigration a bad or good thing, but we cannot deny one thing: The Lithuanian emigration up to the present time has brought benefit to the nation. The fatherland has lost its sons and their labor, but what of it, when they have no chance to work in Lithuania. Looking from the other viewpoint, the emigrants in America have raised Lithuanianism very high; they could not have done the same in Lithuania. Further, emigration gives perpetual material help to Lithuania; just count how many thousands of American dollars are sent to Lithuania yearly.

    If the rights of the immigrants in the United States would be suppressed, as the heavy paw of Russia suppresses on the other side, then the Lithuanians would be pressed inside of four walls, and our brothers would be lost.

    2

    Our duty is to put all our energy against the suppression of immigration. We must take into consideration that when the suppression of immigration becomes a law, no force will be able to get rid of it.

    Our individual or group protests at the meetings will not bring the desired results. Therefore, we are making the last and the easiest plan which can be used by Lithuanians of good will. Do it yourself and urge others to do likewise. The time is short but the danger is near. This plan is not made by the editor, but impelled by the American organization, The Immigration Protective League whose duty is to protect the immigrants.

    Every Lithuanian in this country without delay should sign his name and write a short protest and mail it to his congressman and senator. 3 If you cannot formulate the wording of such writing, write as follows:

    (State name of your congressman or senator)

    U. S. Senate

    Washington, D. C.

    Dear Sir: I Hereby respectfully request you to cast your vote against any proposition to restrict the immigration of healthy and honest persons.

    Respectfully yours, (Sign your name and address).

    We can call emigration a bad or good thing, but we cannot deny one thing: The Lithuanian emigration up to the present time has brought benefit to the nation. The ...

    Lithuanian
    III G, III B 1, II D 10, III H
  • Lietuva -- October 23, 1908
    Financial Statement of Committee for the Liberation of Paurenas

    The following is a financial statement of the Chicago Lithuanian committee which was organized recently to prevent J. J. Paurenas, escaped Latvian revolutionist from Russia, from being deported to the Czarist government by the United States:

    A total of $10.90 was collected during the mass meetings held in Chicago by the committee; $6.80 was collected by J. Grigas; $5 was donated by the Liuosybe (Liberty) Society; $5 was donated by the Sons of Lithuania Society; $22.98 was received from individual donators. The total receipts were $50.68.

    The expenses were as follows: $4 for printing copies of concurrent 2Resolution No. 28; $3.50 for printing petition for Pauren forms; $5 for printing leaflets for mass meetings; $3 for rental of halls for mass meetings; $1.70 for the Chicago International committee; $1.76 for mailing expenses; $30 sent to Dr. Paul Kaplan, Central Defense Committee of Paurenas, 230 East Broadway, New York, N. Y. Total expenses amounted to $48.96. Therefore, $1.72 still remains in the treasury.

    This statement was prepared and is made by the following officers of the committee:

    Anthony Kvedaras, chairman,

    S. Darguzis, secretary,

    J. Keturakis, treasurer.

    The following is a financial statement of the Chicago Lithuanian committee which was organized recently to prevent J. J. Paurenas, escaped Latvian revolutionist from Russia, from being deported to the ...

    Lithuanian
    II D 7, III B 1, IV
  • Lietuva -- October 30, 1908
    Paurenas Will Not Be Deported (Summary)

    In a letter dated Oct. 21, and addressed to Jacob H. Schiff, Secretary Root, of the State of New York, informs Mr. Schiff that the government does not intend to deport J. Paurenas (Pouren) or any other person on account of political offenses.

    J. Paurenas, a Latvian, is an escaped revolutionist from Russia. He participated in the Russian Revolution of 1905. At the request of Russian authorities he was imprisoned in New York ten months ago for possible deportation to Russia. Although he committed only political offenses against the imperial Russian government as a revolutionist, nevertheless, the Russian government requested his surrender as a common murderer and criminal.

    A Chicago Lithuanian committee to aid Paurenas, headed by Anthony Kvedaras, has been active here during the past few weeks.

    In a letter dated Oct. 21, and addressed to Jacob H. Schiff, Secretary Root, of the State of New York, informs Mr. Schiff that the government does not intend to ...

    Lithuanian
    II D 7, III B 1, III G
  • Lietuva -- December 25, 1908
    Let Us Record Ourselves as Lithuanians in the United States Census

    The United States government takes a census of the population of the United States every ten years. The last census was taken in 1900. Therefore, the next census is scheduled to be made in 1910. It is the duty of all Lithuanian newspapers and organizations to launch a campaign in advance to urge all Lithuanians to record themselves in the 1910 census as Lithuanians, and not as Poles or Russians.

    This question is not new. It was raised and discussed several times prior to the 1900 census. However, merely because the government census blanks of 1900 did not have a form for Lithuanians the census enumerators classified 2most Lithuanians as Poles or Russians, even in cases where our people insisted that they were Lithuanians and not Poles or Russians.

    We are pleased to announce that, through the efforts of the Lithuanian Alliance of America, the United States census board has agreed to have a form for Lithuanians on the 1910 government census blanks.

    Therefore, brother Lithuanians, let us not forget to register ourselves as Lithuanians during the next census; otherwise we will defraud and make fools out of ourselves. The census is made for educational reasons. A grave injustice will be done to our nationality if one-half of the 500,000 Lithuanian-Americans are recorded as Lithuanians and the other half as Poles and Russians.

    3

    Apparently this campaign through the newspapers will reach only a small fraction of our people in this country, because less than one-tenth of our people read newspapers. Therefore, it is the sacred duty of every reader to acquaint all non-readers with this important matter. It should be mentioned by our public speakers in all their addresses, and it should be discussed in the meetings of all Lithuanian organizations. Lithuanians, be Lithuanians!

    The United States government takes a census of the population of the United States every ten years. The last census was taken in 1900. Therefore, the next census is scheduled ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, II B 2 d 1, III B 1, I F 4, I C
  • Lietuva -- January 28, 1910
    Ill Feeling against Immigrants Based on False Premises (Editorial)

    The Socialists shout that all workers of all lands should unite in order to repel capitalistic exploitation. That is an honest and true policy, because an enemy can be defeated only with a united effort. However, the workers of America appear to be opposed to that policy. American labor organizations are the greatest enemies of immigrant workers. It appears that only China surpasses America in hatred toward foreigners. This hatred shown immigrant workers is mostly propagated by American labor organizations.

    Probably, the greatest enemy of immigrant workers in America is Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor. He is working hand in hand 2 with American fanatics and chauvinists; he is the author of all kinds of restrictions against immigration. Unity of all workers cannot be accomplished by fostering hatred and prejudice against immigrant workers. American industry, also, cannot get along without immigrant workers, because industrial progress is impossible without the aid of the working class.

    The population of the United States is increased only by immigration. If the borders are closed to immigrants, then America will probably find itself in the same predicament as France, whose population has already ceased to grow. American labor organizations are asking the Congress of the United States to either stop or limit immigration. It is believed that such restrictions on immigration would make it possible to maintain higher wages longer. This being true, it would be possible to maintain higher wages, but only for a short time. A restriction on immigration would produce a shortage of labor and a curtailment of industrial operations; then employment opportunities would decrease and the high wages would tumble. However, American labor 3 organizations are concerned only with the wages of today; they show very little concern for what is liable to happen after a couple of decades.

    At the present time, many bills for the restriction of immigration are being considered by the Congress of the United States. One of these bills calls for such a passport system which does not exist even in despotic countries, such as Russia and Turkey. It is not at all surprising, therefore, that many protests are being made against these bills, However, it is uncertain whether or not the protests will stop the fanatics in the Congress and Senate from approving these bills. Most of the enemies of immigrants are members of the Republican party, which is now in power; a majority of the congressmen and senators are Republicans.

    A vigorous protest against all the immigration and alien restriction bills has been made by the Italian-American Chamber of Commerce of New York. Organizations of other nationalities are also planning to make protests.

    The Socialists shout that all workers of all lands should unite in order to repel capitalistic exploitation. That is an honest and true policy, because an enemy can be defeated ...

    Lithuanian
    III G, I D 2 a 3, I D 2 c, III B 1, I C, I E