The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    The Spiritual Movement of Chicago Lithuanians

    Lithuanians in Chicago: According to our statistics there are close to 4,000 Lithuanians in Chicago. Lithuanians began to reside in Chicago about thirty years ago. In the beginning there were very few of them, just in the last few years the number of Lithuanians increased. Today there are seven societies:

    1. The oldest society is Sw. Kazimieraus Karalaiczio (St. Casimir, the Prince) established in the year of 1885.

    2. Kunigaikszio Gedemino (Duke Gedemin) established in 1891

    3. Apveizdos Dievo (Province of God) established in 1892

    4. Szwento Jurgio (Saint George) 1892

    5. Cluster of Lithuanians Science Society in 1892.

    6. Theatrical Society in 1892.

    Also in this year Lithuanians organized a political club which will be a great benefit to Lithuanians. It seems that the Lithuanians of Chicago will not yield to other cities where Lithuanians are more numerous.

    2

    In a short time there will be a Lithuanian Church in Chicago. The lot for the church is bought, also a frame church is bought already soon to be moved on the lot. The church for the Chicago Lithuanians will be an inexpressible benefit, not only for spiritual need, but for national as well, many will be converted back to Lithuanians. We know that there are many Lithuanians in Chicago that do not want to call themselves Lithuanians. The church, by proclaiming the word of God in our native language, will bring many to the right road, that is, it will make good Lithuanians.

    All wanton persons, strayers, none will find the road to come back to their own homes.

    The news is coming from the members of societies, that all Lithuanians - all societies are willing to make union, in order that solidarity and love would reign among Lithuanians, that among all Lithuanians, the ideal of Lithuanianism would prevail.

    We hope, that the spiritual leader of our parish will not reject this plan, will come to help us by urging and awakening our brothers.

    Reporter "Lietievos."

    Lithuanians in Chicago: According to our statistics there are close to 4,000 Lithuanians in Chicago. Lithuanians began to reside in Chicago about thirty years ago. In the beginning there were ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, III B 2, I F 2, III C
  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    Brothers and Countrymen!!

    It is well known to all of us that in Chicago there are not a few groups of Lithuanians, there are a few societies, we have started to build a Lithuanian church where one can assemble to worship our Creator in our own language.

    We know that it is hard to understand and to have unity among ourselves is such a large city like Chicago. It takes at least two hours' time to get together among ourselves.

    By seeing the causes why we cannot work closer among ourselves to make acquaintances and to express our thoughts we find it very convenient to publish a Lithuanian newspaper which will come to assist us in spiritual and material needs.

    Brothers, you will understand without our explanation what benefit our newspaper will be to us. Sponsoring the building of a church, the Home of God, we are anxious to increase the membership of our parish. We can 2announce and express our views in a broader way. It makes better understanding among us, when one understands in his own heart and thoughts. When a society wants to give its program through the newspaper we can give moral support to help our brothers in their activities.

    We publish this newspaper not for personal gain but to recover the Lithuanian spirit, language and to unite Lithuanians into one organization. This newspaper will not be against the church. We have many deeds unfinished, and new ones to begin, therefore we will work for what is more necessary to us.

    You see how our brothers are suffering under that cruel dragon of Russia who wants to rob our native language, prohibit us to read and to write in order to keep us in darkness, and when we are ignorant they do with us what they please. We all know the purpose of Russia: to teach us the Russian language, to prohibit our newspapers and then without any difficulty convert us to orthodoxy. Let us look to other nationalities, 3Czechs and Poles. They have their newspapers, many Lithuanians read Polish papers. Those who are reading literature and newspapers are more educated. They earn more. It is easier for them to make a better living and to gain wealth.

    Therefore, brothers, let us not slumber. Wake up from the sleep of lethargy. We must begin to read newspapers and books. Let us teach each other. Let us live in brotherhood and unity. We must tie ourselves in one brotherly knot. Do not pay attention to the differences of our thoughts and ideas. We must go with one purpose. Let us have one thought among us, unity, education and mother country, then there will be no misunderstandings among us. With our united strength we will obtain a better livelihood.

    It is well known to all of us that in Chicago there are not a few groups of Lithuanians, there are a few societies, we have started to build a ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, II B 2 d 1, III C, I C
  • Lietuva -- December 12, 1892
    Remarks.

    November 30 we read in English paper "Chicago Daily News" a very important news. That the Senatorial Committee of the United States introduced a bill to stop European immigrants to America for the coming year; from March 1, 1893 to March 1, 1894. The causes for stopping the immigration is cholera. Americans are afraid that next year cholera will arise again in Europe, there is a fear that immigrants will infect America with cholera. This introduced bill would be very beneficial to the workers of this land. Americans despise those immigrants who cannot write nor read. Their opinion is such: unenlightened person, uneducated, is living like an animal. Man needs material and spiritual nourishment. He who does not eat cannot live, if you will not nourish your spirit by reading books and newspapers, which gives nourishment to your soul, then such a man is not fair to himself, weakens and impoverishes his own soul, and soul without spiritual work is lost. For this reason Americans build schools, print books, publish large quantities of newspapers, which enlighten the man and the enlightened man morally reared will not become criminal.

    The United States statistics show that the great majority of robbers, thieves and all kinds of criminals are from the uneducated class of people.

    Therefore. for this reason the United States is thinking to issue a new statute against such immigrants of Europe. The new statutes are as follows:

    2

    If a person between 12 to 55 years of age cannot write or read the native language, if married and head of a family, and not having $100.00 will not be allowed to enter United States land, besides this, must have an affidavit from the ambassador of the United States.

    Brothers Lithuanians! We have been speaking to you many times, we did ask and beg you to take out citizen papers, which is of great value to you. Here is what the government can do to those who have no citizen papers: it can send them to such a place where there are very few inhabitants, or unhealthy climate, or if you disobey to such government's attempt, you will be send back to the old country like a prisoner.

    By seeing that the immigration statutes of the United States are changing every year, brothers Lithuanians, we must take in consideration for ourselves that by lack of knowledge of laws, we may get very easily into trouble. Now is the time to bring over our relatives and friends. If you are thinking to remain in America, take out citizen papers without any delay.

    We will help our countryman with courtesy and devotion. Come to our printing shop "Lietuva," at 567 W. 18th St., and we will help you in whatever you need. Do not think, countrymen, that we are doing wrong to you, we are doing this for your sake and Lithuanianism.

    November 30 we read in English paper "Chicago Daily News" a very important news. That the Senatorial Committee of the United States introduced a bill to stop European immigrants to ...

    Lithuanian
    III G, I A 1 a, III A, I M
  • Lietuva -- December 31, 1892
    About Lithuanian Alliance in Chicago

    The Chicago Lithuanians known by their own experience, that if we want to work for the good of Lithuanians, all societies ought to make an alliance into one parish, to have love among ourselves and to help each other as much as we can.

    The purpose of all of us ought to be one: To work on the Lithuanian field, to enlighten our illiterate brothers, that they would not be so blind. There are many Lithuanians in Chicago, they with great devotion are spending time and money to enlighten themselves and their brothers. But unfortunately, our brothers are very slow to undertake education.

    The society of Gedeminas promised to join the parish on December 11th. Mr. Grinius made motion to join the parish, all the members gladly accepted the motion.Also society Apveizdos Dievo (Province of God) is willing and not afraid to join the parish.

    We have hopes that through the newspaper "Lietuva," all Lithuanians will be united, thus will become good Catholics and Lithuanians.

    The Chicago Lithuanians known by their own experience, that if we want to work for the good of Lithuanians, all societies ought to make an alliance into one parish, to ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, III A, I A 3, III C
  • Lietuva -- December 31, 1892
    Lithuanians, We Are Stepping Forward

    The past year brought happiness to our Lithuanians in Chicago, besides good deeds that were accomplished, spiritually and materially, there were organized many Lithuanian societies and many Lithuanian printing shops opened. All taken into consideration one of the greater events was the celebration of the annual birthday of our great patriot Simonis Daukantas, Up to his time we had been kept in darkness and in ignorance by our masters and barons in Lithuania.

    Brothers, let us not give up hope. Lithuania will become as great as she was in the past. Our forefathers shed their blood by protecting Lithuania's independence; their bones and dust for the last few centuries have been calling on us to uphold unity, to get education, to remember the good deeds of our forefathers that were forgotten in the past.

    The good deeds of men never die.

    Brothers, let us look to Frenchmen and Englishmen, they love their mother country, we we ought to do likewise.

    You see that God furnished the barons, the oppressors of Lithuania, Those masters enslaved Lithuanians, planned with them, did what they pleased, in order to keep us down in darkness. They destroyed our books, destroyed everything that was Lithuanian. They, the barons, sold themselves to Russia for the 2sake of the exploitation of our mother country. Today the same barons, our exploiters, are servants of Jews, because their power is destroyed by Russia and none, the barons themselves, have nothing to eat. Now, the Russians are laughing at the barons, our past slaveholders. Now Russia keeps under yoke the same barons, who helped the Russians to oppress Lithuania. God tells us that for bad deed the end will be unfortunate.

    Brothers, we can accomplish many good deeds if we will have unity; we must have education in order to understand why we are living on this earth.

    When we obtain education we will be able to show to other nations that we are people of Lithuania, which was a great nation in the past. It is very bad among us that a majority of our people does not care to educate itself. A man without education is worthless, and he even cannot show that he is existing.

    Brother countrymen, let us pray to God that the coming year will be better for us. Let us help our brothers the best we can, do the best for our nation, let us help our mother country with words, money and activity.

    Countrymen, let us take action in politics, by doing that we will do good not only to our brothers, but to our mother country Lithuania as well.

    With best wishes for the coming year of 1893.

    W. Gedeminas Stanionis

    The past year brought happiness to our Lithuanians in Chicago, besides good deeds that were accomplished, spiritually and materially, there were organized many Lithuanian societies and many Lithuanian printing shops ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, I F 4, I A 3
  • Lietuva -- January 07, 1893
    Remark

    Countrymen! For better understanding of our national and spiritual enlightenment, I found out that Lithuanians are eager to know about the American Indians and their destroyers in this free land, I decided to write a short story about the American Indians.

    Many a time I asked our brothers, why they are not reading newspapers. Every one answered, there is nothing in the paper about history. Up to this time our newspapers,except Lietuva, did not give to its readers what they demand. In order to give more light to our readers. I decided to translate American history.

    If the readers will like my translated story, I will be satisfied. By reading history the readers will get used to reading the paper, will obtain enlightenment and knowledge, then they will quit card playing and drinking.

    N. F. Martisgauckas

    Countrymen! For better understanding of our national and spiritual enlightenment, I found out that Lithuanians are eager to know about the American Indians and their destroyers in this free land, ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1, I C, I A 3, III A, I J
  • Lietuva -- February 25, 1893
    Lithuanian School

    We are reminding to all Lithuanian, that the Lithuanian Science Society opened a Lithuanian school, where all of those who cannot read nor write, now have opportunity to learn. Also arithmetic, geography and natural science and English language will be taught.

    The Lithuanian school is located at 438 South Canal street.

    Secretary

    We are reminding to all Lithuanian, that the Lithuanian Science Society opened a Lithuanian school, where all of those who cannot read nor write, now have opportunity to learn. Also ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 f, III A, I A 3
  • Lietuva -- April 15, 1893
    About the Chicago Lithuanians

    Lithuanians in Chicago began to show with their activity. Up to this time we used to say that the Lithuanians know only the stockyards. Now we see a few Lithuanians holding city jobs. This is very good, shows that we Lithuanians are just as good as other nationalities.

    We Lithuanians have a political club in Chicago. This club urges Lithuanians to become citizens. When all Lithuanians are citizens then all of us as a mass of people can go to vote, demand official jobs, etc.

    Lithuanians in Chicago began to show with their activity. Up to this time we used to say that the Lithuanians know only the stockyards. Now we see a few Lithuanians ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, II A 2, I F 4
  • Lietuva -- May 20, 1893
    A Voice to Brother Lithuanians, May 18, 1893, Chicago, Illinois (Synopsis of long article)

    Dearest of all things to us Lithuanians is our own language, because our language is the most beautiful. Our ancestors fought, shed their blood, lay down their lives in order to save their language and the independence of their country.

    Many Lithuanians here in Chicago don't care to speak Lithuanian language, they willingly are speaking the Russian, or the Polish language. No matter where you go, you will hear Lithuanians speaking broken Polish. This is a disgrace to all such Lithuanians. They disregard their own mother language and mother country.

    We were oppressed by the Russian government in Lithuania, we were forced to use the Russian language. But in this free country of America nobody prosecutes us for speaking our own language, and to read newspapers and books in the Lithuanian language.

    We must remember our brave ancestors and other great men, they struggled and worked for the benefit of our language and country.

    F. Wenskewiczia.

    Dearest of all things to us Lithuanians is our own language, because our language is the most beautiful. Our ancestors fought, shed their blood, lay down their lives in order ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, III H
  • Lietuva -- June 17, 1893
    Unemployment in Chicago Among Lithuanians

    Many factories in Chicago are closed, the stock yards are moving very little. There are many rumors going on why the factories are closed. Some say on account of the new President in this country, others say it is only temporary, that after the first of July factories will open again. Of course, nobody knows why the factories are closed.

    In times of such economical crisis it is very hard for our Lithuanians who just came from the old country. They do not know English and without that language you cannot get a job. We are sorry to say that there are many such Lithuanians who have been living in Chicago for the last twenty years and cannot speak English. All such Lithuanians are out of jobs, and they can get no other job because they cannot speak English. Those who can speak English can get odd jobs even for a few days, this is a great help in such an industrial crisis.

    Now they must suffer for not knowing English, they cannot learn English because they can not read newspapers or books.

    The best and easiest way to learn English is to read at first the Lithuanian newspaper, learn to read, then when you know how to read in your own language you will learn the English language very easily.

    2

    We have all kinds of books to read. We have books with English and Lithuanian sentences that shows how to speak and pronounce.

    Lithuanians, you must remember that without English in this country you are lost.

    Many factories in Chicago are closed, the stock yards are moving very little. There are many rumors going on why the factories are closed. Some say on account of the ...

    Lithuanian
    I D 2 c, III A