The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Lietuva -- September 16, 1898
    How To Improve the Situation of Our Parish

    In the past few numbers of Lietuva you have seen the situation of the Chicago Lithuanian parish. You have seen the Rev. Krawczunas' public statement of income since the inception of the parish from 1892 to 1896 inclusive, as follows:

    In the statement of 1895 $28,787.78
    In the statement of 1896 34,952.00
    Loan from the bank 15,000.00

    From the time of establishment of this parish up to 1896, income the parish treasury was $78,739.78. Rev. Krawzounas says nothing about how much money he collected from the people in 1897 and 1898. He gave 2 no account of it to his parishioners. The priest's statement of 1896 shows that during one and one half years he collected over $34,000 from his parishioners, which means more than $20,000 per year. Now, if during the slack years he has collected over $20,000 per year, then during the better times in these last two years, if he were unable to collect $20,000, at least he was able to collect $15,000 a year, then, for the last two years it would be as follows:

    Since the establishment of the parish up to 1896 as Rev. Krawczunas stated in his own statement, the income into the parish treasure was $78,739.78. For the last two years, let us say just $30,000.00. From the inception of the parish up to the present time the income to the parish treasury was $108,739.78.

    3

    Here we use the income. The priest is the treasurer of the parish. Now let us glimpse at the spending: could the priest have spent all of that hundred and eight thousand dollars?

    The priest even made a mortgage on the church; then how much money was left to the priest?

    The priest appointed his own committee in order to show the expenses of the parish. but the committee showed only $41,758 expenses. This is too low. The priest had more expenses than the committee stated. We will not go according to the committee's statement, but on the priest's own statement or 1895 and 1896. We will take a very honest account of the expenses:

    4 5
    Fire Insurance $455.00
    Paid off deposits 8,265.00
    Rents before the rectory was built 104.40
    The three year salaries as the priest himself stated 4,824.64
    And for the last two years let us make the same amount of salaries 3,217.00
    Rev. Kolesinski's salary for 22 months at $70 per month 1,540.00
    14 lots (for the church) 11,200.00
    Rectory 9,700.00
    Church 18,169.73
    The church furniture 4,701.04
    The bells 729.94
    The bell tower and steeple 1,275.00
    The street pavements $736.10
    The school house - we can say at 2,000.00
    Fence, improvement of the churchyard 1,000.00
    To Rev. Kolosinski's organist at $30 per month 660.00
    All the expenses were $68,577.91

    New let us compare income and expenses:

    Income $108.739.78
    Expenses $68,577.91
    Then, what has the treasurer (priest) done with the balance of $40,161.87?

    Let the priest explain to us in one way or the other; from the pulpit, 6 at the meeting, or in writing, whichever he thinks is better for him, what became of the balance of $40,151.87.

    We estimated all the expenses that the priest had in the parish affairs. We estimated the land, the buildings, the fence, everything that was bought for the church, and the wages to the servants since the establishment of the church up to the present time. We estimated not of our own knowledge, but according to the priest's public statements of 1895 and 1896. Even though the expenses were very high, still $40,000 was left of parishioners' money.

    If we had taken honest account of that money, and if we ourselves had hired the contractor to build the church, what a church we could have 7 built for $12,000, and not for $18,169.75, as our priest contracted!

    The owner offered those two lots at Auburn Avenue to the parish for $2,500.00, but our priest, for the good of his parishioners, paid $3,600 for them. Maybe all the other expenses were estimated by the priest with the same honesty.

    Now, where is the truth?

    The treasurer (Rev. Krawczunas), by the way, calls himself honest, but when we look into his treasury we find no justice, because the treasurer refuses to show the parish budget books. He hides the books. No one is required to hide the truth. only the wrongdoer is the one who hides the truth.

    8

    $40,000 of the parishioners’ money was lost by the treasurer, and on top of it, there was a $20,000 debt made on the church. Where is Justice? Where is the morality of such a treasurer as our Rev. Krawczunas? Let even one moral parishioner ask himself, is our priest doing right by such a conduct of his parishioners' budget? Shall we leave our priest as treasurer in the future to collect money from the people and to increase the debt on the church?

    As long as we keep the priest as parish treasurer, the debt on the church will not decrease. but will grow up, as the Polish church debt grew from $10,000 up to $100,000. No matter how many thousands of dollars we deposit, the priest's pockets are very deep, they can contain millions of dollars, and yet, the debts on the church will grow.

    9

    If we want to improve the standing of our parish. if we want to pay off the church debt, and to have our church free of debts, we should not deposit our money in the priest's pocket but deposit it in the bank. In the bank our money will be safe, and any time the parish needs the money it can take it. But when the money is deposited in the priest's pocket, from there you cannot take it. Once the priest puts the money in his own pocket, than the parish will not get it. no matter for what purpose the parish needs money. If the money is needed for some improvement of the parish, the priest will never use the parish money; he will borrow the money as he has done in the past. The Polish priest has been doing the same.

    From this day we ought to elect the parish administration; the president, vice-president. secretary, treasurer and collectors.

    10

    We must have the parish ledger. The collectors must deliver the money to the cashier, and the cashier must deposit the money in the bank, and then the bank book must be given to the president. All the administration must be under bond for responsibility for the parish money. The parish officers elected once a year must examine the ledger and the budget. Pay salary to the priest, and leave him the profits of baptism, masses, nuptial services and the funerals, as to the other affairs, the priest should have no rights. The price of baptisms, nuptial services and funerals must be set, and the priest should pay taxes for it. Then we will have order in our parish, the priest will be good to us, and we good to the priest. All the misunderstandings among us will disappear, because there will be nothing to fight for.

    11

    From the last statement of the priest, we see that there are 3,000 parishioners. By paying to the parish treasury $5 by each person each year, in one year $15,000 would be in the bank; in two years would be $30,000, in three years, $45,000, and in ten years we would have $150,000. For $30,000 we would finish our unfinished church; for $50,000 we would establish a hospital; another $50,000 would build an asylum for our old people, orphans and invalids, and the balance of $20,000, we would have in the bank for reserve. We could have a good school, so that some of our Lithuanians could be able to obtain higher education.

    We would have all that, if our money would not go to the priest's pockets. In that manner we could show ourselves that we are good Catholics, love God and our fellow man.

    Today we are depositing everything in the priest’s 12 pocket. Although in our prayers we say: "I love God with all my might and my fellow man as myself," by saying that we are deceiving God Himself. Let us prove where our love of God and our fellow man is. Instead of loving God, we are only loving the priest, we are sticking everything into his pocket, and we pay no attention to the fact that our priest pawned the house of God to the bank.

    Then where is our love for our fellow man? Today, if our fellow Lithuanian is injured on the railroad, or in the factory, loses his legs or arms, where do we put him? We are taking him to the Presbyterian or Protestant hospital. Our old people, who have lost their health, cannot support themselves any more, they find shelter with Protestants, with non-Catholics while we are Catholics. We show our Catholicism only with lips and tongues, but our manners and actions are worse than those of 13 wild people. We are feeding one priest like a fatling, but the invalids, the orphans and the old people, we do not see. If those not Catholic would give no shelter to our poor Lithuanian Catholics, they would starve to death!

    We and our children are sinking into the abyss. We have no place to get enlightenment and education because all of our donations are going into the priest's pocket. Such is our love for our fellow man. Are we not defrauding God by lying in our prayers that "We love our fellow man like ourselves?" For the amount of money that we are wasting on the priest, we could help hundreds of our unfortunate brothers. Then we could show that we love our fellow man, and for that we could obtain God's blessing. Instead of helping our brothers, we are increasing the capital in the bank for the priest. Are we helping Catholicism? No!

    14

    We are increasing the enemies of the priest, and we are humiliating the priest himself. It is time for us, brothers, to wake up; we must not provoke the animosity of our God anymore.

    We should not make the world laugh at us for our improper conduct. It is time to know that God is our God, but not the priest; and to do what God told us, but not what the priest says. As long as we will not make God understand that we are people and behave like people, until then we will not be able to raise ourselves from our unsuitable living condition. So long as we will have in our mind only the priest and the saloon, the people will take us for savages as they are holding us today.

    Brothers, it is time to wake up.

    In the past few numbers of Lietuva you have seen the situation of the Chicago Lithuanian parish. You have seen the Rev. Krawczunas' public statement of income since the inception ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I A 2 a, I A 2 b, II D 3, II D 4, II D 5, I C, IV
  • Lietuva -- September 15, 1911
    By-Laws of the Association of Lithuanian Societies of Chicago [Summary.--(By-laws are omitted)]

    Name

    1. "This organization will be known by the name of the Association of Lithuanian Societies of Chicago, Illinois.

    2. "This organization will consist of the Lithuanian Societies of Chicago, Ill., and it will not interfere with their administration or finances.

    Purpose

    3. "The Association of the Lithuanian Societies of Chicago, Ill., in general, will take care of all the Lithuanian affairs.

    4. "[The promotion] among our people of friendship, unity, and brotherly love.

    2

    5. "The promotion among our nationals of a higher degree of enlightenment and morality; to prevent denationalization and moral degeneration.

    6. "To bring succor to widows and orphans; in general, to every Lithuanian, who is in distress.

    7. "To find employment for the unemployed; and to help the immigrants of our nationality.

    8. "For a better achievement of all these [purposes]we must devote all our energy in uniting all of the Lithuanian societies of Chicago. Every Lithuanian in Chicago must belong to this organization or any other Lithuanian society, so that he could in some way help our orphans, the poor, and the invalid persons.

    9. "The Association of the Lithuanian Societies of Chicago, will establish an employment office which will help in finding jobs for the unemployed; 3the legal bureau, is offering assistance in legal affairs and naturalization in the United States; it will establish asylums for the widows, the poor, and other benevolent institutions.

    10. "Lithuanian societies from other cities, will have full rights to join the Association of Lithuanian Societies of Chicago, for the purpose of helping their own members, who are in distress or for the Lithuanian immigrants.

    11. "The Association of Lithuanian Societies of Chicago, III., will arrange for celebrations to honor the national holidays of their [adopted] country or for the celebration of our own nation's historical events."

    The Committee:

    Pranas Butkus

    J. J. Hertmanavicius

    M. Kadzewskis

    J. Biezis

    Dr. A. Zymontas

    Name 1. "This organization will be known by the name of the Association of Lithuanian Societies of Chicago, Illinois. 2. "This organization will consist of the Lithuanian Societies of Chicago, ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, I D 2 c, II D 10, II D 8, II D 7, II D 4, II D 1, III G
  • Lietuva -- January 31, 1913
    Chicago Lithuanian Societies Association Affairs

    The executive board of the Chicago Lithuanian Societies Association held its meeting January 25, at Elias Hall, in Town of Lake. The project to publish an official organ of this organization was approved. This publication will be incorporated with a capital of $5,000. The money will be raised by the members of the board and the members of this organization, by selling shares of this corporation. The publication will contain eight pages, will be published weekly, and when the circulation has increased, will be published twice a week, and later--daily. If business improves, the capital of the newspaper will be increased.

    Minor details about the incorporation of this newspaper will be given at the next meeting of the executive board, February 21, at eight o'clock, Elias Hall, 4600 South Wood Street.

    2

    The enlightenment committee of this organization aims to establish evening schools in every Lithuanian community, to teach reading and writing, English, arithmetic, and scientific subjects.

    The establishment of the [orphan] asylum has been given over to the organization's branch, which was created for that purpose.

    Those societies that see the necessity of belonging to this organization, to work for the benefit of Chicago Lithuanians, send your delegates to the coming meeting.

    J. J. Hertmanavicius, general

    secretary.

    The executive board of the Chicago Lithuanian Societies Association held its meeting January 25, at Elias Hall, in Town of Lake. The project to publish an official organ of this ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1, II B 2 f, III B 2, II D 4, III A, I A 3, IV
  • Lietuva -- January 01, 1915
    Plan to Establish Home for Lithuanian Orphans by M. C

    A meeting of representatives of a number of Lithuanian organizations was held on December 27 at St. George's [Lithuanian] Parish Hall, 32nd Place and Auburn [now Lithuanica]Avenue. The purpose of the meeting was to create a charitable Lithuanian organization. It was opened with an introductory address by the Reverend A. Staniukynas. After explaining the purpose of the meeting and the necessity for a charitable organization, he invited the Reverend M. L. Krusas to act as chairman. Mr. Baksys was elected secretary.

    Reverend Krusas explained in his talk the miserable plight of Lithuanian orphans in Chicago. He stated that with the united effort of all the Lithuanian organizations in Chicago it would be very easy to establish a home for Lithuanian orphans.

    The secretary recorded the names of those who attended the meeting according to the communities in which they live. The result showed that there were 2twenty-one persons from the 18th Street community, and only eight from the others. Reverend Matthew Krauciunas and several others argued that in order to discuss successfully such an unquestionably worthy and important matter as the establishment of an orphans' home, a larger meeting with representatives from all the Chicago Lithuanian communities was essential. With that thought in mind, it was decided to issue a call for a larger and more representative meeting to be held next Sunday afternoon, January 3, in the same hall. It was decided to advertise this meeting in the Lithuanian newspapers.

    Among those who were present at the meeting were the following Lithuanian priests: the Reverends Krauciunas, Staniukynas, Ezerskis, Krusas, Kemesis, and Ignatius Albavicius.

    A meeting of representatives of a number of Lithuanian organizations was held on December 27 at St. George's [Lithuanian] Parish Hall, 32nd Place and Auburn [now Lithuanica]Avenue. The purpose of ...

    Lithuanian
    II D 4, II D 10, IV
  • Lietuva -- April 09, 1915
    Organization Formed to Establish Day Nursery

    An organization for the purpose of establishing a day nursery was formed last week in the Bridgeport district of Chicago. The nursery will take care of the children of employed mothers while the latter are at work.

    The newly formed organization is composed of Lithuanian and non-Lithuanian women. The following officers were elected: Mrs. Zimontas, president; Mrs. Davis, vice-president; Mrs. Damijonaitis, recording secretary; Mrs. Jerome, treasurer.

    Mrs. Damijonaitis stated during an interview that the first step of the organization will be to raise sufficient funds for the establishment of the projected day nursery for children. A fairly large sum of money must be collected before the nursery can be opened. However, it is believed that the people of the neighborhood will recognize the importance of the day nursery and will not refuse to assist the organization. It is predicted that it will be possible to open the nursery sometime during midsummer.

    2

    Employed mothers will be able to leave their children at the nursery in the morning and take them home in the evening. A trained and experienced nurse will be employed to take care of the children. An effort will be made to find a Lithuanian for that position.

    It is planned to charge ten cents per day for the care of each child at the nursery. For this money the child will receive supervision and food. Only children who are at least one year old will be accepted.

    The projected day nursery will be located in the first house east of Fellowship House at 831 West 33rd Place.

    The organization also plans to establish a clinic in Fellowship House where people of the neighborhood will be able to receive medical attention and medicine free of charge. The doctor of this clinic will also look after the health of the children in the day nursery.

    An organization for the purpose of establishing a day nursery was formed last week in the Bridgeport district of Chicago. The nursery will take care of the children of employed ...

    Lithuanian
    II D 4, II D 3
  • Lietuva -- April 30, 1915
    Benefit Social Held for Day Nursery

    The Day Nursery Society, recently organized for the purpose of establishing a day nursery in the Bridgeport district of Chicago, held a benefit social for the nursery last week at the home of Mrs. Zimontas, president of the Society. The guests enjoyed refreshments, games, and engaged in conversations. They donated $37.50 to the nursery fund.

    The officers of the Society are striving to raise enough money as soon as possible for the establishment of the nursery.

    The Society, which is affiliated with Fellowship House in the Bridgeport district, is making plans to conduct a tag day on May 30 (Decoration Day) for the benefit of the nursery. An effort is now being made to obtain a permit from the city administration for the tag day.

    The Day Nursery Society, recently organized for the purpose of establishing a day nursery in the Bridgeport district of Chicago, held a benefit social for the nursery last week at ...

    Lithuanian
    II D 4
  • Lietuva -- May 28, 1915
    Childrens Day Nursery

    The Day Nursery Society, of which Mrs. A.J. Zymontas is president, is making steady progress in an effort to establish a day nursery in the Bridgeport district.

    It was planned to conduct a public tag day to collect funds for the establishment of the nursery, but this plan had to be abandoned because the Society is unable to recruit a sufficient number of solicitors (it has been estimated that at least one hundred solicitors are required to conduct a public tag day).

    In place of the tag-day plan, it was decided to print membership cards, and give one to each person who agrees to donate at least five dollars annually to a fund for the maintainance of the nursery. At present, the Society has about seventy dollars in its treasury.

    The Day Nursery Society, of which Mrs. A.J. Zymontas is president, is making steady progress in an effort to establish a day nursery in the Bridgeport district. It was planned ...

    Lithuanian
    II D 4
  • Lietuva -- June 25, 1915
    Women's Lodge to Meet with Day Nursery Society

    The Childrens Day Nursery Society and the women's lodge (Branch 208) of the Lithuanian Alliance of America have decided to hold their meetings jointly. This step is being taken because the membership of both groups is more or less the same, and in order to reduce the number of meetings. Thus far, each group has been holding three meetings every month and many members could not find time to attend all of them. Henceforth, meetings will be held jointly twice each month.

    The Children's Day Nursery Society was recently organized for the purpose of establishing a day nursery in the Bridgeport district in a home east of the Fellowship House, 831 West 33rd Place.

    Mrs. A. J. Zimont [Zimontas], prominent Chicago Lithuanian-American feminine leader, is president of the Children's Day Nursery Society and the women's lodge (Branch 208) of the Lithuanian Alliance of America.

    The Childrens Day Nursery Society and the women's lodge (Branch 208) of the Lithuanian Alliance of America have decided to hold their meetings jointly. This step is being taken because ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, II D 4, II D 6
  • Lietuva -- July 23, 1915
    More Money Raised for Projected Day Nursery

    A benefit social for the establishment of a children's day nursery in the Bridgeport district of Chicago was held on Wednesday evening, July 7, at the home of Dr. and Mrs. A. J. Zimontas. The admission price to the social was twenty-five cents. A net profit of $11.01 was realized.

    Plans for the establishment of the nursery in a home east of Fellowship House, 831 West 33rd Place, are progressing satisfactorily. Material has already been purchased for sewing seventy or seventy-five children's aprons. The work required for sewing these aprons will be contributed by the Mary Perkins Club and by the Women's (Number 208) Lodge of the Lithuanian Alliance of America.

    A benefit social for the establishment of a children's day nursery in the Bridgeport district of Chicago was held on Wednesday evening, July 7, at the home of Dr. and ...

    Lithuanian
    II D 4, IV
  • Lietuva -- November 19, 1915
    Children's Day Nursery by Mrs. M. Damijonaitis

    Much has already been written in the Lietuva about the efforts of a group of Lithuanian and some non-Lithuanian women to establish a children's day nursery in the Bridgeport section of Chicago. The purpose of the proposed day nursery, as had been explained before, is to take care of the children of working mothers while they are at work. All plans in regard to this matter are now about to be realized.

    This humanitarian project has received much sympathy and support from the inhabitants of Bridgeport. For example, the Chicago Lithuanian Women's Educational Society donated ten dollars toward the nursery fund; the women's lodge 208 of the Lithuanian Alliance of America donated $7.50; the social workers of the Fellowship House donated twenty dollars. A large number of individual donations have also been received. Now there is close to two 2hundred dollars in the nursery fund.

    However, the cost of maintaining such an institution is about one thousand dollars per year. One-third of this sum will be paid by the mothers who will utilize the services of the nursery. The balance must be raised by contributions, benefit affairs, etc.

    It was originally planned to open the nursery much sooner. However, there were a number of unexpected obstacles in the way; on the one hand there was a shortage of funds, on the other hand great difficulty has been experienced in locating a suitable home for the nursery.

    In an effort to increase the nursery fund, the nursery committee has decided to give a benefit social on Friday evening, November 19, in the Fellowship House, 831 West 33rd Place. Everyone is invited to attend the social and in this manner contribute to the nursery fund.

    Much has already been written in the Lietuva about the efforts of a group of Lithuanian and some non-Lithuanian women to establish a children's day nursery in the Bridgeport section ...

    Lithuanian
    II D 4