The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- April 22, 1893
    The Chicago Lithuanians (Editorial)

    The conduct of the Chicago Lithuanians is improving constantly.

    Now it is the most convenient time for us Lithuanians to understand our duties and to work together. The Poles of Chicago are very busy building a monument for Kosciuszko. While Kosciuszko was a Lithuanian, we Lithuanians must help the Poles. It is our duty to remember our great man of the past.

    The monument for Kosciuszko will be built in Humboldt Park. All over America Poles are having concerts, dances and all kinds of entertainments for the cause of raising money for that monument of our great man Kosciuszko. So we Lithuanians ought to take example from the Poles one way or the other, help to raise money for this great cause.

    President J. Dzialtiuvas of St. George the Knight Society tells us that the society has hundred and fifty members, that at the society's meeting they voted and decided that each member must contribute twenty-five cents for the monument of Kosciuszko.

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    All Lithuanians must take under consideration the best way to raise money. It is our duty as Lithuanians to remember our great patriot and fearless leader Kosciuszko.

    The conduct of the Chicago Lithuanians is improving constantly. Now it is the most convenient time for us Lithuanians to understand our duties and to work together. The Poles of ...

    Lithuanian
    II C, II C, I C
  • Lietuva -- June 03, 1893
    Decoration Day

    The Lithuanians cannot forget that Americans have special days to remember, to respect and to give great honor to their friends, relatives and to their national heroes.

    Americans have a great national holiday, the Fourth of July, to remember their heroes who died and shed their blood for the independence of this country -to make this country free. Americans have another national holiday, February 22nd, the birthday of George Washington, the father of this country.

    Americans have a Decoration Day, to remember their friends, relatives, soldiers and other national heroes who died for their country. On Decoration Day, Americans are having meetings in schools and halls, where prominent speakers and professors are delivering orations and lectures on the good deeds of their patriots and national heroes.

    Lithuanians and Poles have their great men, Kosciuszko and Pulaski and others.

    We hope that in Chicago in the near future, there will be a monument built for Kosciuszko, then Lithuanians and Poles together can go on Decoration Day to remember and to pay tribute to our great national hero.

    The Lithuanians cannot forget that Americans have special days to remember, to respect and to give great honor to their friends, relatives and to their national heroes. Americans have a ...

    Lithuanian
    I C, I J, II C, III B 3 a
  • Lietuva -- January 27, 1894
    Appeal by the Chicago Lithuanian Societies to all the Lithuanian Societies of America

    Last year we had an anniversary celebration of Simonas Daukantas. Spectacles and speeches about our great benefactor are not enough. Look at the other nations, they build monuments for their heroes, great men and benefactors. So we Lithuanians must do more than to hold meetings, listen to speeches and then forget about it.

    It would be a better kind of jubilee for our great benefactor to have a book published in order to show what Simonas Daukantas has done for Lithuanianism and the nation. Let the Lithuanians read about this great man of ours.

    Every Lithuanian society and individuals must contribute sums of money for publication of, such a book. The names of donators must be published in the book. The price of a book ought to be low enough so that even the poorest person could buy it. The Chicago Lithuanian societies decided that each society should contribute $15.00 for publication of the jubilee book. Not less than 20,000 copies of this book ought to be printed.

    The presidents of the Chicago Lithuanian societies who made this appeal are:

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    President K. Andruszis, of St. Casimir the Prince Society;

    President St.Pocewiczius of the Province of God Society;

    President J.F.Dzialtuwa, of St.George Society;

    President W.Wabalinskas, of The Duke Gedeminas Society;

    President A.Naweckas, of St.John the Baptist Society;

    President F.A.Mikolainis, of Simonas Daukantos Society.

    Last year we had an anniversary celebration of Simonas Daukantas. Spectacles and speeches about our great benefactor are not enough. Look at the other nations, they build monuments for their ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, II C, II B 2 d 3
  • Lietuva -- November 25, 1904
    The Polish Protest

    Last Saturday the Chicago Poles held a massmeeting protesting the building of a monument of Frederick the Great, which was delivered to America as a present from Germany. The Poles ought to have more important matters on hand than to watch where President Roosevelt will place Frederick's monument. Why should the Poles worry when President Roosevelt and his friends are standing in the shoes of Frederick. If the Poles did not want the monument of Frederick, why did they vote for Roosevelt? The protest will help none. It is known to all that Germany offered the monument of Frederick to Roosevelt and he accepted it.

    Last Saturday the Chicago Poles held a massmeeting protesting the building of a monument of Frederick the Great, which was delivered to America as a present from Germany. The Poles ...

    Lithuanian
    I C, II C
  • Lietuva -- August 30, 1907
    Consecration of the Lithuanian Church Corner Stone

    On August 18th, there was a great celebration in Kensington, the consecration of the corner stone of the Lithuanian Roman Catholic church, at 108th and Wabash Avenue, where the church is under construction.

    There was a large number of Roman sheep. The Rev. Skripka from Chicago said that you Lithuanians of Kensington ought to be proud of building the church, and of having such a good spiritual leader as the Rev. Serafinas. Yes, the Rev. Serafinas is very good, he took $500.00 from the parish budget and the money in the priest's hands melted like ice in boiling water. Then, one of the parish committee, A. Maslauskis, was brave enough to ask the priest what he did with the parish money. The priest unwillingly admitted that he bought new furniture with that money, because his maid wanted to have new furniture.

    When the bishop came to the Pullman station a parade of several Lithuanian societies marched to 108th and Wabash Avenue. The bishop in his speech said that he is proud of the Lithuanian people in Chicago, they have already six or seven churches... Of course, the bishop is glad of the stupidity of the Lithuanians, when the bishop has millions the Lithuanians are adding more to increase 2his wealth. The follower of Christ, the bishop was unable even to walk the short distance from the station to the new church. While Christ walked half naked, bare-footed, and hungry, our bishop, because he has a fat belly was unable to walk, so rode in a carriage.

    Petras Sermunelis.

    On August 18th, there was a great celebration in Kensington, the consecration of the corner stone of the Lithuanian Roman Catholic church, at 108th and Wabash Avenue, where the church ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, II C
  • Lietuva -- April 02, 1909
    Poles Plan to Erect Statue of Lithuanian in Washington (Summary)

    The Poles of America, under the leadership of the Polish National Alliance, are planning to erect a statue of Thaddeus Kosciusko, a Lithuanian soldier of fortune who became a hero of the Lithuanian-Polish state and the American Revolution. The statue will be erected alongside of the monument of Pulaski in Lafayette Square, Washington, D. C., at a cost of $40,000.

    "Since Lithuania was once united with Poland, and because Kosciusko was a Lithuanian and a hero of the Lithuano-Polish state, then the question arises will the Poles invite the Lithuanians to join them in this undertaking; 2and if the Lithuanians are invited will they accept.....? It would be interesting to learn how the Lithuanians feel about this matter; perhaps it would be a good idea if the Lithuanian intelligentsia would express their views on this matter in the Lietuva."

    By J. J. Hertmanavicius.

    The Poles of America, under the leadership of the Polish National Alliance, are planning to erect a statue of Thaddeus Kosciusko, a Lithuanian soldier of fortune who became a hero ...

    Lithuanian
    I C, III F, II C, IV
  • Lietuva -- April 23, 1909
    The Poles Are Eternal Enemies of Lithuanians (Summary)

    In the April 2 issue of the Lietuva, J. J. Hertmanavicius states that the Poles of America, under the leadership of the Polish National Alliance, plan to erect a statue in Washington, D. C., of Thaddeus Kosciusko, famous Lithuanian hero of the American Revolution. He wrote about the "close ties" and the "brotherly relations" which existed between the Poles and the Lithuanians in the past, and raised the following question: "Would the Lithuanians accept an invitation to assist the Poles in this matter"?

    Mr. Hertmanavicius should go to the Poles with his question: "Will the Poles invite the Lithuanians to help them erect a statue of Kosciusko"?

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    As to whether or not the Lithuanians would accept such an invitation is another question. The latter may be answered as follows: If there are still some Lithuanians left who are willing to co-operate with, and be enslaved by, the Poles then we repudiate them and are not responsible for their acts.

    The Poles are not doing us any harm by honoring our fellow-countryman, Kosciusko; we can be proud of the fact that a son of Lithuania is recognized as a hero and a pillar of liberty. However, any co-operation of the Lithuanians with the Poles is unthinkable. We have had bitter experiences with the Poles not only in the Fatherland but also here in America. Dr. J. Sliupas performed a very patriotic deed when he completely divorced the Lithuanians from the 3Poles in this country. The behavior of the Poles with Lithuanian divinity students in the St. Stanislaus School in Chicago and in the Polish Seminary at Orchard Lake, Michigan, should be enough to convince even the most skeptical Lithuanian that it would not only be useless but also a disgrace to continue any association with the Poles. The Poles are continuously advocating that a Lithuanian is a Pole, but a Pole is only a Pole. This Polish attitude reminds me of an American proverb: "What is yours is also mine, but what is mine is not yours."

    The statement of Mr. Hertmanavicius that the Lithuanians and the Poles are still "united" politically, is not only untrue but also a big joke. We all know that the Lithuanians are fighting for a free Lithuania, independent of Poland, with Vilna as the capital; whereas the Poles are fighting to include Lithuania in a free Polish state, with a common capital at Warsaw. If 4Mr. Hertmanavicius still does not know that the "ties that bind the Lithuanians with the Poles" are decayed and broken, then he alone should join and co-operate with the Poles. Let him confine all his activities with the Poles; we Lithuanians are very anxious to forget those "ties" of which he speaks.

    In the April 16 issue of the Lietuva (Lithuania) Mr. Hertmanavicius states that the Poles have already invited all Lithuanian organizations that have a membership of 500 or more and a number of distinguished Lithuanian patriots to take part in a Polish congress to discuss ways and means for erecting a statue of Kosciusko in Washington, D. C. I hope with all my heart that not even one faint-hearted Lithuanian will be found to represent our people at that congress.

    Let the Poles hold congresses and split their heads in the efforts to devise means of enticing the Lithuanians, but we who have learned from bitter experience, will not put our necks in a beautifully decorated noose.

    By Dr. A. Rutkauskas.

    In the April 2 issue of the Lietuva, J. J. Hertmanavicius states that the Poles of America, under the leadership of the Polish National Alliance, plan to erect a statue ...

    Lithuanian
    I C, I C, II C, I J, IV
  • Lietuva -- January 03, 1913
    The Chicago Lithuanian Societies in 1912

    We do not know how many Lithuanians there are in Chicago, nor do we know how many Lithuanian societies there are. In order to reveal the role of the Lithuanian societies in Chicago, we have decided to publish every year from now on, the names of the Lithuanian societies, their financial standing, membership and activity.

    This year we cannot give the complete statement of the Lithuanian societies in Chicago; some of the societies were afraid to give their statements; others did not care to, and others had no time to prepare their statements. We are publishing the reports of those societies which gave us their statements. Next year we hope we will be able to give a more complete statement.

    The following societies exist in Chicago:

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    Town of Lake

    1. The Guards of the Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania was organized in 1904. The present membership is 290 members. Last year they paid out four death benefit insurance policies and $1,000 in sick benefit. The meetings are held on the last Sunday of every month at the Holy Cross Parish Hall, 46th and Wood Streets. Jonas Klimas, president; B. Kepersa and K. Caps, secretaries; V. Jasulaitis, treasurer, were the officers for last year; this year's officials are: president, Jonas Klimas; secretaries, V. Sarka and K. Caps; treasurer, V. Jasulaitis.

    2. The St. Vincent Society is eleven years old; the membership is 260. Last year's income was $1,359.10; death and sick benefit paid out--$1,223.15. How much of a reserve balance the society has, was not stated. The meetings are held on every first Sunday after the first day of the month, at the Holy Cross Parish Hall, 4559 South Wood Street. President, K. Stulga; secretary, F. Bielskis; treasurer, K. Ancerevicius.

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    3. The Grand Duke Gedeminas of Lithuania Society No. 1 is six years old. It has 109 members, and a reserve balance of $500. Last year there were no deaths. Eighty dollars was paid in sick benefit. This society always co-operates and assists in national activity. The meetings are held at Bierzinskis Hall, 4600 South Paulina Street, every third Sunday of the month. President, A. B. Zemaitis; secretary, F. A. Misius; treasurer, A. J. Bierzinskis.

    4. The Holy Cross Society was organized in 1904. It has 115 members and $800 in its treasury. In 1912 the death and sick benefit paid was $585. The meetings are held the first Sunday after the 15th of every month at the Holy Cross Parish Hall, 46th and Wood Streets. President, Jonas Viskantas; secretary, A. Saldukas; treasurer, M. Abromavicia.

    5. The Lithuanian Alliance of America, branch 122, is eight years old. It has forty-eight members. During last year, $300 was paid out in death benefit policies. The meetings are held every second Sunday of the month, 4at Bierzinskis Hall, 4600 South Paulina Street. President, J. Jankauskas; secretary, J. Cepauskis; treasurer, A. J. Bierzinskis.

    6. The St. Joseph's Blessed Death Society is five years old. It has 140 members. During last year (1912) it paid $300 in death benefit policies, and $650 in sick benefits. It donated $130 for national affairs. At its fifth anniversary jubilee, it presented a theatrical production. The meetings are held on the last Sunday of the month, at the Holy Cross Parish Hall. President, J. Zalandauskis; secretary, J. J. Polekas; treasurer, S. Anucauskis.

    7. The Glorious Name of the Lithuanian Maids is three years old; it has 125 members and $412.66 in its treasury. Last year it paid $70 in sick benefit. During its existence it has had no deaths. This society is very active; it has had three concerts. The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month at the Davis Square Park Hall. President, Mrs. Kazimiera Janutaviciene; secretaries, B. Misevic and K. Janusauska.

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    8. The Sons of Lithuania Society No. 1 is two and one-half years old. It has 116 members, and $650 in its treasury. The death benefit policies paid were $60; the sick benefit, $400. The meetings are held on the first Saturday of every month at Pilitauskis Hall, 4512 South Hermitage Avenue. President, Jonas Jucius; secretaries, A. Kuizinas and J. J. Polekas; treasurer, A. B. Zemaitis.

    9. The theatrical club "Lietuva" (Lithuania) is two years old. It has 73 members and $200 in its treasury. During last year, it presented eight dramatic productions in Chicago and in the suburbs; it donated $50 for the establishment of the new church. The meetings are held on the second Friday of the month, at the Holy Cross Parish Hall. President, S. Ancauskis; secretary, J. J. Polekas; treasurer, P. Zudickis.

    10. The Union of the Brothers of Lithuania Society, No. 1 is four years old. It has 100 members, and $400 in its treasury. The meetings are held on every first Sunday of the month at 4512 South Hermitage Avenue. President, 6Juozas Klapatauskis; secretary, A. Kuizinas; treasurer, A. Petrosius.

    11. The Lithuanian National Society "The Light of the Star" was organized in 1910. It has 150 members, and $500 in its treasury. Last year it paid $80 in sick benefit. It assists and supports national affairs. The meetings are held on the second Sunday of the month at 4512 South Wood Street. President, Augustas Barcius; secretaries, Stasys Valskis and D. Zausytis; treasurer, Kazimieras Strzyneckis.

    12. The Lithuanian Youth Circle was organized in 1909. It has 84 members, and $163.84 in its treasury. Last year it presented ten theatrical productions, and gave several banquets. The meetings are held on the second Friday of the month at Bierzinskis Hall, 4600 South Paulina Street. President, V. Pierzinskas; secretary, A. Kuizinas; treasurer, J. Bierzinskis.

    13. The Lithuanian National Society "Lovers of Motherland, No. 1" has been in existence since 1906. It has 295 members, and $2,000 in its treasury.

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    Last year this society donated $60 to the poor; $35 to the Lawrence, Mass., strikers; it donated $35 and joined the Lithuanian National Cemetery organization. It paid $395 in sick benefit, and $450 in death benefit policies. The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month at the Bierzinskis Hall. President, A. J. Bierzinskis; secretary, K. A. Ciapas; treasurer, K. K. Strzyneckis.

    14. The Lithuanian White Rose Club has been in existence for the last five years. It has 73 members and $875.50 in its treasury. This is an athletic and gymnastic club to sponsor sport activity among the Lithuanians. It also has a death and sick benefit fund. Last year it paid $25 for a death benefit policy. The meetings are held on the first Friday of the month at the club's hall, 4600 South Marshfield Avenue. President, F. Misius; secretaries, Juozas Baciunas and J. Eicias; treasurer, S. Poskevicia.

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    The Bridgeport District

    1. The Simanas Daukantas Society has existed for the past nineteen years. It has 250 members and $3,010.91 in its treasury. It is the most active among the Bridgeport Lithuanian societies. Every year it holds celebrations in honor of the memory of Simonas Daukantas. Last year it paid in sick benefit and death benefit policies $1,285.62. For the monument of Simonas Daukantas, it donated $50; for the Lithuanian National Cemetery, it donated $500; for the Lawrence, Mass., strikers, $30.50; for the textbooks of J. Gabrys, $5. The meetings are held on every first Sunday of the month at the hall, 3301 South Morgan Street. The society's library is in the same hall. President, J. Aleksandravicia; secretarires, K. Sukevicia and K. Pajauskas; treasurer, K. Zuraitis.

    2. The Sons of Lithuania Society has been in existence since 1895. It has 150 members, and $1,000 in its treasury. Last year it paid $400 in sick benefit. The meetings are held on the first Sunday after the 15th of the 9month, L. Azukas Hall, 3301 South Auburn Avenue. President, V. Vabalas; secretary, A. V. Rudauckas; treasurer, A. Bijanskas.

    3. The Knight (Vytis) Society is two years old. It has 200 members, and $300 in its treasury. Last year it paid $25 in sick benefit. The meetings are held on the first Saturday evening of the month, at 3301 South Auburn Avenue. President, K. Pajauskas; secretaries, Petras Tumasonis and Beinarauskas; treasurer, Laurynas Azukas.

    4. The Lithuanian Women's Enlightenment Society has been in existence for the last six years. It has 63 members. It has another branch in Cicero, Ill. Last year it organized two schools; a cooking school and a manual school teaching various types of knitting and sewing. It has presented several theatrical productions and concerts. At the end of last year, it held an exhibition of Lithuanian cooking; this was a very important event. The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month at Fellowship Hall, 831 West 33rd Place. President, Kotryna Katkeviciene; secretary, Magdelena 10Montviliute; treasurer, Magdelena Keniute.

    5. The Alliance of the Lithuanian Clerks is five years old. It has 50 members, and $500 in its treasury. The sick benefit and the death benefit policies paid, during the last year, were $180; the Alliance donated $11 for immigration affairs. The meetings are held at the Aurora Hall, 3149 South Halsted Street. President, Juozas Zakeras; secretary, Pranas Kibartas; treasurer, Antanas Martinkus.

    6. The Lithuanian Independent Club is nine years old. It has 85 members. During last year, it paid $110 in sick benefit and death benefit policies. The meetings are held on the last Saturday of the month. President, Julius Joneliunas; secretary, M. Titiskis; treasurer, Vincas Paplauskas.

    7. The Truth Lovers Society has been in existence since 1897. It has 300 members, and $4,000 in its treasury. It is one of the strongest societies. Last year it paid $400 in sick benefit and $150 in death benefit policies.

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    The meetings are held on the second Sunday of the month at 936 West 33rd Street. President, P. Chaleckas; secretary, S. Danta; treasurer, P. Kenutis.

    8. The Lithuanian Music and Drama Society "Guitar" (kind of harp, not exactly guitar--"Kankles" no exact name in English: translator's note.) was organized in 1912. It has 32 members. The meetings are held on the second Friday of the month at St. George's Parish Hall. President, Benediktas Janusauckas; secretaries, Morta Roleviciute and Jonas Pajauskas; treasurer, J. Saunoras.

    9. The Drama Society was organized in 1912. It has 18 members, and reserve balance of $62.69. The best theatrical artists in Chicago have joined this society. Last year it presented several theatrical productions. The meetings are held at the Aurora Hall, 3149 South Halsted Street. Rehearsals are held every Friday evening. President, M. J. Damijonaitis; secretary, Jonas Prusinskas.

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    10. The Lithuanian National Cemetery Society was organized in 1911 for the purpose of establishing a national cemetery. Income up to January 1, 1913, was $8,458.40. President, Attorney F. P. Bradchulis; secretary, S. Danta; treasurer, M. J. Damijonaitis. The meetings are held at the Aurora Hall.

    The West Side District

    1. The Farmers of Lithuania Society has been in existence since 1906. It has 256 members (194 men, and 62 women). Its reserve balance is $1,224.13. Undoubtedly this is the most active society in Chicago. Last year it paid $820.50 in sick benefit, and $60 in death benefit policies. During the year, this society spent more than $500 for national affairs; it was the largest sum spent among the Lithuanian societies in Chicago. This society supports the Lithuanian library,helped to publish a book, supported students, etc. The meetings are held at the Lithuanian Public Library, 2242 West 23rd Place. President, Jonas Urbikas; secretaries, Steponas Brucas and Pranas 13Balciunas; treasurer, Jonas J. Bagdziunas.

    3. The Enlightenment of Brothers Society is eleven years old. It has 120 members, and $1,500 in its treasury; it has 150 books in the library. Last year it paid $240 for sick benefit and death benefit policies. It donated $50 for the Lithuanian National Cemetery. The meetings are held on the second Sunday of the month at 2244 West 23rd Place. President, Kazimieras Mazeika; secretaries, J. Jurkiunas and J. Petraitis; treasurer, M. Meldazis.

    4. The Saint Stephen Society has been in existence since 1905. It has 95 members. Last year it paid about $350 for sick benefit and death benefit policies. The meetings are held on the third Sunday of the month at the Aurora Gate Parish Hall. President, Antanas Einikis; secretary, Juozas Duoba; treasurer, S. Simkevicia.

    5. The Guards of the Grand Duke Algirdas of Lithuania is four years old. It has 90 members, and $540 in its treasury. Last year it paid $125 for 14sick benefit and death benefit policies. It participated in the ceremonies consecrating the church in Chicago Heights. The meetings are held on the last Sunday of the month at the Aurora Gate Parish Hall. President, Rafolas Zaura; secretaries, Kazimieras Mazeikis and B. Lenkauskas; treasurer, Adomas Iumas. The soldiers' board; general, K. Mazeikis; colonel, Staislovas Simkevicia; adjutant, Antanas Bartusis.

    6. The Aurora Gate of Our Holy Lady Society (Male) has been in existence since 1906. It has 150 members. The meetings are held on the second Sunday of the month at the Aurora Gate Parish Hall. President, Mikolas Jasnauskas; secretary, Juozapas Duoba; treasurer, S. Simkevicia.

    7. The Vincas Kudirka Society is four years old. It has 85 members, and a reserve balance of $500. Last year it paid $170 for sick benefit; two students have been released from the monthly dues payment; to one student a loan of $50 was made. Ten per cent of the yearly income is donated for enlightenment purposes. The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month at the 15McCormick Club House Hall, 2530 Blue Island Avenue. President, K. Janusauskas; secretary, P. B. Zalatorius; treasurer, Jonas Jlgaudas.

    8. The Lithuanian Youth Song Lovers Society has been in existence since 1907. It has 87 members. The secretary refused to reveal how much money they have. The secretary said, "We have plenty, but we will not say how much." Last year, besides the payment of sick benefit to its members, it also contributed to the Lithuanian National Cemetery. The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month at the Meldazis Hall, 2242 West 23rd Place. President, Antanas Mieslaiskis; secretaries J. Neverauckas and A. Trakselis; treasurer, Simas Vaisekauckas.

    The 18th Street District

    1. The Liberty Society has been in existence since 1897. It has over 200 members, and $1,500 in its treasury. Last year it paid about $900 for sick benefit and death benefit policies. The meetings are held on the first 16Sunday of the month, 1900 South Union Avenue. President, S. Danta; secretary, J. Keturakis; treasurer, Kasper Avicia.

    2. The Lithuanian National Unity Society is five years old. It has 201 members, and $1,249.35 in its treasury. Since its inception it has paid $2,171 for sick benefit and death benefit policies. The meetings are held on the first Sunday after the 15th of the month, at 1900 South Union Avenue. President, Antanas Dervaitis; secretary, Jonas Lapinskas; treasurer, J. M. Tonanevicia.

    3. The Lithuanian Love Society in America has been in existence since 1909. It has 100 members and $500 in its treasury. Last year it paid $380 for sick benefit, and donated $100 for the Lithuanian National Cemetery; it donated $15 for the bell. (Translator: newspaper does not state what kind of bell.) The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month at Paliulis Hall, 671 West 14th Place. President, Kazimieras Daujotis; secretary, Frank Sadauskas; treasurer, Petras Paliulis.

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    4. The Lithuanian Society "Ruta" No. 1 has been in existence since 1912. It has 53 members, and $150 in its treasury. It has given several concerts. The meetings are held on the first Wednesday after the first of the month, at 1900 South Union Avenue. President, Feliksas Eismontas; secretaries, Antanas Burdulis and Miss J. Lukoseviciute; treasurer, K. Juskelis.

    5. The Lithuanian Alliance of America, branch 129 has been in existence since 1906. It has 35 members. Last year it held four lectures and twelve public debates. It has donated to the orphans' [relief fund]. The meetings are held every second Monday of the month at Semaitis Hall, 1750 South Union Avenue. President, V. Grebliunas; secretaries J. S. Vitkus and Miss S. Stasiulyte.

    6. The Lovers of the Motherland Society, branch 37 is five years old. It has 24 members. The meetings are held on the second Monday of the month at Semaitis Hall, 1750 South Union Avenue. President, J. S. Vitkus; secretary, F. A. Juozapaitis; treasurer, K. A. Juozapaitis.

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    7. The Commerce Association "Lietuva" (Lithuania) Society has been in existence since November 22, 1912. It has 56 members, and $1,886 in its treasury. This is a commercial organization; it owns a food market. President, Antanas Kvederas; secretary, S. Danta; treasurer, T. Rakstis.

    8. The Simanas Daukantas Theatrical Club has been in existence since 1909. It has 108 members (85 men and 23 women), and $603.53 in its treasury. Last year it paid $68 for sick benefit, and presented two theatrical productions. The meetings are held on the first Thursday of the month at the Providence of God Parish Hall. President, K. Meskauskas; secretary, J. Rangevicia; treasurer, Mikas Tonanevicia.

    Suburbs of Chicago

    1. The Lithuanian Political and Mutual Benefit Club (Kensington) has been in existence since 1910. It has 95 members. Last year it paid $175 for 19sick benefit. The meetings are held on the first Sunday after the tenth of the month, at 341 Kensington Avenue. President, F. Shedvill; secretary, K. Baltrimas; treasurer, K. Klimavicia.

    2. The Lithuanian Scenic Lovers Circle (Kensington) has been in existence since 1911. It has 18 members. Its purpose is to raise the level of the appreciation of scenic art among the Lithuanians. The meetings are held every Tuesday, 205 East 115th Street. President, Z. A. Jucaitis; secretary, B. Liudkevicia; treasurer, F. Skrobutenas.

    3. The Building and Loan Unity Society (Roseland) is three years old. It has 60 members. The meetings are held every Tuesday at the All Saints Parish Hall. President, Jonas Grigula; secretary, A. Pocius; treasurer, K. Klimavicia.

    4. The Lithuanian Citizens Association, branch 2 (Roseland) is in the second year of its existence. It has 50 members. Last year it established its library. The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month at the 20All Saints Parish Hall. President, A. Pocius; secretary, Juozas Satkauskas; treasurer, Bernardas Simkus.

    5. The Lithuanian Alliance of America, branch 194 (Cicero) has been in existence since October, 1912. It has 24 members. The meetings are held every first Sunday after the 15th of the month, Juknius Hall, 1434 South 49th Court, Cicero. President, M. A. Sarka; secretary, Antanas Gurskis; treasurer, F. A. Golubickis.

    Lietuva, Jan. 17, 1913.

    We have already published in the January third issue of Lietuva a report of the Lithuanian societies; now we have received several more statements from Lithuanian societies about which we had no previous information.

    21

    Town of Lake District

    15. "Faith, Hope and Charity" Lithuanian National Society. This society is two years old. It has 69 members, $450 worth of possessions; and $239.85 in its treasury. Last year there were no deaths, but it paid $101.30 for sick benefit. The meetings are held on every third Sunday of the month, at the Stanevicius Hall, 4625 South Paulina Street. President, K. P. Grigaitis; vice-president, T. Stelmokas; secretaries, S. K. Vaitekaitis, and J. Simkus; treasurer, A. Stanevicia.

    16. Grand Duke Mindaugis of Lithuania Society was organized November 18, 1909. It has 75 members, and $450 in its treasury. During last year it paid $60 for sick benefit and also donated to several good causes. The meetings are held on the second Sunday of the month, at 4625 South Paulina Street. President, K. P. Grigaitis; secretaries, F. Pargauskis and K. Zukauskis; treasurer, S. J. Jagminas.

    22

    West Side District

    9. Grand Duke Keistutis of Lithuania Society is three years old. It has 105 members and $500 in its treasury. It has paid $110 for death benefit policies, and donated $15 to the Lithuanian West Side Library, and promised to support the library in the future. The meetings are held on the last Sunday of the month at Meldazis Hall. President, Jonas Urbikas; secretary, Simonas Pangonis; treasurer, Bonifacas Grigula.

    10. Lovers of the Motherland Society, branch 28 has been in existence since 1908. It has 210 members, and $150 in its treasury. This is a literary society. It contributes to the upkeep of the West Side Lithuanian Library. Fifty dollars' worth of books have been distributed among its members; the books were bought with the Society's money. The meetings are held on the twenty-eighth day of every month at the Lithuanian Public Library, 2242 West 23rd Place. President, Jonas Biezis; secretary, Miss K. Kaupaite; treasurer, Rafolas Zaura.

    23

    18th and Halsted Streets District

    9. Lithuanian Political and Mutual Benefit Club has been in existence since 1908. It has 120 members and $404.35 in its treasury. Last year it paid $260 for sick benefit and death benefit policies. The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month, at 1750 South Union Avenue. President, Kristupas Miliauskas; secretary, A. Bubinas; treasurer, Frank Blauzdis.

    10. The Lithuanian Workers Alliance was organized July 10, 1909. It has 107 members and $300 in its treasury. Last year it paid $450.15 for sick benefit, and it has loaned $50 to the Lithuanian National Cemetery. The meetings are held on the last Sunday of the month, at Cernauskas Hall, 1900 South Union Avenue. President, Karolis Mickevicia; secretary, A. Gurskis; treasurer, T. Rakstis.

    Lietuva, Feb. 7, 1913.

    The Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania Choir No. 1 (Town of Lake), was organized 24December 3, 1911. It has 186 members. Its purpose is to study singing; it also has a mutual aid benefit branch. Last year it paid $40 for sick benefit. The meetings are held on the first Friday of the month, Davis Square Hall, 45th and Paulina Streets. Singing practice is held at the same hall every Tuesday evening. The choir instructor is P. Sarpalius. President, V. V. Gervainis; secretary, M. M. Sacuvenas; treasurer, A. Cesna.

    The St. Kazimieras Society (men and women), West Side, was organized March 4, 1912. It has 129 members, 74 men, and 55 women. This society has its own small library of 400 books. The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month at the Aurora Gate Parish Hall. President, Karolis Glovackis; secretary Petras Vizgaudis; treasurer, Aleksandras Cibulskis.

    The Blessed Lithuania Society (18th Street) has 425 members. Even though this society has a large membership, financially it is weak. Because this society is very responsive to the needs of the community, it always takes 25part in all national activities. It donated to the defense of Miss Zakonaite. (Translator's note: Miss Zakonaite's deportation trial was held in East St. Louis, Ill. She refused to live with the Roman Catholic priest, Gadeikis. She had been in this country only three years. So the priest reported her to the U. S. government as a common prostitute. The girl was arrested by the U. S. government and ordered to leave. This trial produced a sensation among American Lithuanians. All over the U. S., Lithuanians donated money for the defense of this girl. After five years of struggle in the courts, the deportation was stopped.) This society also donated to the Lithuanian National Cemetery for the construction of an office in the cemetery grounds. It donated $100 to the Lithuanian students of Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Ind. The student members of this society were released from payment of monthly dues. For the project to build a Lithuanian Hall at 18th and Halsted Streets, this society promised to donate $500. The meetings are held every second Sunday of the month at Cernauskas Hall, 1900 South Union Avenue. President, Kazimieras Meskauskis; secretaries, J. Semeta and K. Simanavicia; treasurer, L. Kasparas.

    26

    The King Mindaugis of Lithuania Society (18th and Halsted Streets), was organized in 1909. It has 110 members, and $202.20 in its treasury. Last year it paid $395 for sick benefit and death benefit policies. The meetings are held on the last Sunday of the month at 1732 South Union Avenue. President, A. Sriebalis; secretary, A. Bubinas; treasurer, Juozapas Shemiot.

    We do not know how many Lithuanians there are in Chicago, nor do we know how many Lithuanian societies there are. In order to reveal the role of the Lithuanian ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, II B 1 c 1, I D 2 a 4, II B 1 a, II B 2 a, II B 2 f, II B 2 g, II D 10, II A 2, II B 3, II D 1, I F 2, III E, III G, II C, I K, IV

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    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Aesthetic > Theatrical > Drama (II B 1 c 1) ?
    Lithuanian // Attitudes > Economic Organization > Unions > Strikes (I D 2 a 4) ?
    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Aesthetic > Music (II B 1 a) ?
    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Intellectual > Libraries (II B 2 a) ?
    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Intellectual > Special Schools and Classes (II B 2 f) ?
    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Intellectual > Forums, Discussion Groups and Lectures (II B 2 g) ?
    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Benevolent and Protective Institutions > Foreign and Domestic Relief (II D 10) ?
    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Vocational > Industrial and Commercial (II A 2) ?
    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Athletics and Sports (II B 3) ?
    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Benevolent and Protective Institutions > Benevolent Societies (II D 1) ?
    Lithuanian // Attitudes > Politics > Part Played by Social and Political Societies (I F 2) ?
    Lithuanian // Assimilation > Youth Organizations (III E) ?
    Lithuanian // Assimilation > Immigration and Emigration (III G) ?
    Lithuanian // Contributions and Activities > Permanent Memorials (II C) ?
    Lithuanian // Attitudes > Position of Women and Feminism (I K) ?
    Lithuanian // Representative Individuals (IV) ?

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  • Jaunimas -- December 10, 1936
    Who Was Aldona?

    p.2....Aldona was one of the most tragic figures of Lithuanian medieval history. As a young princess Aldona, the daughter of the Grand Duke Gediminas, was married off to the Polish king "Casimir the Great and Saint" surnamed "King of the Peasants." The union had presumably a political purpose, but remained without any political consequences.

    Although Aldona was converted to the Christian faith and assumed the title, Queen of Poland, becoming known as Anna Aldona, she was never able to feel at home in Poland. To the last day of her life she clung to Lithuanian customs, music, songs and sports. Always surrounding herself with beloved compatriots. She loved horse-back riding and hunting, but church ceremonies and the pomp of the court were distasteful to her. The Polish clergy doubted her Christianity, and, doubting, they hated her. There was probably no 2Lithuanian princess who was more Lithuanian minded, and who adhered to Lithuanian customs as much as Anna Aldona. To add to the misery of her lot, the king proved to be a most licentious person. The king, besides enjoying the affections of his beautiful Jewish mistress, Esterka, through whose influence many privileges were granted to the Jews, had many other affairs, one of which stands out above the rest, due to its tragedy.

    Accompanied by beautiful Aldona, Casimir, on one of his visits to his sister, Queen Elizabeth, of Hungary, seduced, with the aid of Elizabeth, an innocent maiden, Clara Von Zach, the daughter of a court official. The father, incensed at this treatment of his daughter, sought to avenge her and broke into the chamber wounding the king and Aldona. Von Zach was slain and upon all members of his family, a terrible judgment was passed. Clara the misued girl, was further mutilated and hounded to her death as a beast. King Casimir the Great, in regard to vices, actually surpassed King Henry VIII of England, and caused suffering to other women 3who happened to catch his fancy. Others who shared a similar fate, some even more unfortunate than that of Aldona, were Margereth of Bavaria, Adelheid Von Hesse, Christina Roszan, and Hedwig, Duchess of Sagan.

    Having to suffer a life with a man like Casimer for a spouse, coupled with her great love and longing for her dear Lithuania, were the causes of Anna Aldona's untimely death.

    At our present time, many Lithuanian girls are named Aldona, and everyone bearing that name should be proud. Our hearts, like hers, should be filled with that great love for Lithuanian love, song, the land itself and its people.

    We Lithuanians, must make every effort to publish the History of the Lithuanian nation in the English language.

    The history of the Lithuanian nation in the English language is indispensible to the cultural progress of our children. It is our duty to acquaint our children with our famous history and its glory. We must show to our children 4the difference between Poles and Lithuanians, we must show them that the Lithuanians are peace loving people, that the Poles are war-like people and tyrants.

    We cannot forget the persecution of our people by the Poles, and our children should know these true historical facts. Our children should know that we do not desire any union with Poland and will not enter any such union as long as the nation exists. We do not want to be called Polacks, because we are not Polacks. We are not a Slavic race, we are members of Inda European race - and two races cannot unite under no circumstances.

    We love our liberty and independence and we desire peace with the rest of the world.

    p.2....Aldona was one of the most tragic figures of Lithuanian medieval history. As a young princess Aldona, the daughter of the Grand Duke Gediminas, was married off to the Polish ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 3, II C, III H