The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- September 02, 1893
    Lithuanians -- Pay Attention

    September 10, Sunday, 7 P. M., the Chicago Branch of the Lithuanian Alliance will hold its meeting at Pulaski Hall, 800 S. Ashland avenue. All Lithuanians come to this meeting, as we have many important questions to decide for the good of Lithuanianism.

    J. Kolenskas

    President of "Alliance Branch."

    Furthermore,there are over 6,000 Lithuanians in Chicago, but very few belong to the Lithuanian Alliance of America. Many say that the central officials of this organization are in Pennsylvania, so, we Chicago Lithuanians have nothing to do and we must have our own Chicago Lithuanian alliance. Such a plan is no good. Lithuanians of America must have their alliance in order to accomplish something good for ourselves and Lithuania.

    The Lithuanian Alliance of America already has published two books: The history of Europe, and The Manners of Ancient Lithuanians. These books were given free to all members of the Lithuanian Alliance.

    2

    If we had a separate Lithuanian alliance in Chicago we could not publish such books and distribute them free to our members.

    When we belong to the Lithuanian Alliance of America, we can accomplish more, and publish more books, establish libraries, we can uplift Lithuanian culture.

    We hope that the Chicago Lithuanian societies will take this into consideration and join the Lithuanian Alliance of America.

    The Chicago Alliance Branch.

    September 10, Sunday, 7 P. M., the Chicago Branch of the Lithuanian Alliance will hold its meeting at Pulaski Hall, 800 S. Ashland avenue. All Lithuanians come to this meeting, ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, II B 2 d 3
  • Lietuva -- January 06, 1894
    (No headline)

    Citizen Mikolainis made a motion to celebrate on the 4th day of March, as the day has historical value when the slavery serfdom was abolished in Lithuania. The motion was approved. It was also decided to get women speakers and young girls and boys to say declamations.

    The following representatives were at this meeting:

    K. Andruszis, president of St. Casimir Prince the Knight Society;

    S. Pacewiczia, president of The Province of God Society;

    A. Dzialtuwa, president of St. George Society;

    W.Wabalinskas, president of The Duke Gedeminas Society;

    Fr.Mikolainis, president of Simones Daukantas Society;

    A. Naweckas, president of St. John Society

    J.Szimkewiczia, president of The Lithuanian Political Club

    J. Kalesinskas, president of The Lithuanian Alliance Chapter.

    Citizen Mikolainis made a motion to celebrate on the 4th day of March, as the day has historical value when the slavery serfdom was abolished in Lithuania. The motion was ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 1 d, II B 1 e, II B 2 c, II B 2 d 3
  • Lietuva -- January 06, 1894
    Meeting of the Presidents of Chicago Lithuanian Societies

    December 31st, a meeting was held at Azeckas Hall, 3301 Auburn Ave. The chairman of this meeting was elected K.Andruszis, a president of the St. Casimir Society.

    The president of Simonas Daukantas society, F. Mikolainis, announced that the Rev. Zebrys is writing a Lithuanian Geography, so the Lithuanians of Chicago ought to write about themselves, to give a material for the Lithuanian Geography. This question was approved and Mr.J.Grinius was elected to write a geography of the Chicago Lithuanians.

    A question was brought up about the jubilee book on Simonas Daukantas to be published. The question was approved and it was decided that all Chicago Lithuanian societies must come with financial aid.

    About the opening of Lithuanian library it was decided that the library must be opened with a celebration, and that all Chicago Lithuanian societies must take part in this celebration.

    2

    Citizen Mikolainis made a motion to celebrate on the 4th day of March, as the day has historical value when the slavery serfdom was abolished in Lithuania. The motion was approved. It was also decided to get women speakers and young girls and boys to say declamations.

    The following representatives were at this meeting:

    K. Andruszis, president of St. Casimir Prince the Knight Society;

    S. Pacewiczia, president of The Province of God Society;

    A. Dzialtuwa, president of St. George Society;

    W.Wabalinskas, president of The Duke Gedeminas Society;

    Fr.Mikolainis, president of Simones Daukantas Society;

    A. Naweckas, president of St. John Society

    J.Szimkewiczia, president of The Lithuanian Political Club

    J. Kalesinskas, president of The Lithuanian Alliance Chapter.

    December 31st, a meeting was held at Azeckas Hall, 3301 Auburn Ave. The chairman of this meeting was elected K.Andruszis, a president of the St. Casimir Society. The president of ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, II B 1 d, II B 1 e, II B 2 c, II B 2 d 3
  • Lietuva -- January 27, 1894
    Appeal by the Chicago Lithuanian Societies to all the Lithuanian Societies of America

    Last year we had an anniversary celebration of Simonas Daukantas. Spectacles and speeches about our great benefactor are not enough. Look at the other nations, they build monuments for their heroes, great men and benefactors. So we Lithuanians must do more than to hold meetings, listen to speeches and then forget about it.

    It would be a better kind of jubilee for our great benefactor to have a book published in order to show what Simonas Daukantas has done for Lithuanianism and the nation. Let the Lithuanians read about this great man of ours.

    Every Lithuanian society and individuals must contribute sums of money for publication of, such a book. The names of donators must be published in the book. The price of a book ought to be low enough so that even the poorest person could buy it. The Chicago Lithuanian societies decided that each society should contribute $15.00 for publication of the jubilee book. Not less than 20,000 copies of this book ought to be printed.

    The presidents of the Chicago Lithuanian societies who made this appeal are:

    2

    President K. Andruszis, of St. Casimir the Prince Society;

    President St.Pocewiczius of the Province of God Society;

    President J.F.Dzialtuwa, of St.George Society;

    President W.Wabalinskas, of The Duke Gedeminas Society;

    President A.Naweckas, of St.John the Baptist Society;

    President F.A.Mikolainis, of Simonas Daukantos Society.

    Last year we had an anniversary celebration of Simonas Daukantas. Spectacles and speeches about our great benefactor are not enough. Look at the other nations, they build monuments for their ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, II C, II B 2 d 3
  • Lietuva -- June 09, 1899
    The Trial in a Book Form

    Lietuva took a copy of our trial with the Rev. Krawczunas. In a special book, we will publish what was said by the witnesses of Rev. Krawczunas, and what was said by our witnesses. There will be a few pictures of Rev. Krawczunas, the publisher A. Oldzewski and editor Szernas. This book will be very interesting. You will see like in a mirror the five day trial, the good for nothing conduct of Rev. Krawczunas in the parish affairs. The price of this book will be $2.

    To publish this book it will cost us about $1,000. In order to get the subscribers to help us to publish this important historical activity of the Chicago Lithuanians, the pre-publication price of this book will be $1. In this book you will find all the fraudulent, immoral and improper conduct of Rev. Krawczunas, the rector of St. George's church. After the publication the price of this book will be $2. Send money order to A. Olszewski, Sub-Station No. 60, Chicago.

    Lietuva took a copy of our trial with the Rev. Krawczunas. In a special book, we will publish what was said by the witnesses of Rev. Krawczunas, and what was ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, II B 2 d 1, II B 2 d 3, IV
  • Lietuva -- November 03, 1899
    To the Chicago Lithuanians

    In number 43 of the Katalikas, the Chicago branch of the Lithuanian Alliance of America complains that not everything that was written about the Chicago Lithuanians was true.

    It might be so, but, dear patriots, is this the time to make complaints about what was written about the Chicago Lithuanians a year ago? Can I write anything better in my book (the History of the American Lithuanians) when I was unable to get information from the Rev. Krawczunas about the Chicago Lithuanians?

    I wrote to Lietuva for material about the Chicago Lithuanians. The obtained facts, I thought, might be partial. So I wrote to the Rev. Krawczunas for more information about the St. George's Church; how much it cost to build, how many parishioners belong to that parish, how many societies are there, but the Rev. Krawczunas gave no answer.

    You say in Katalikas that there was no misunderstanding between the Chicago 2Lithuanians and their priest. But I know, and all the Lithuanians in America know, that there was trouble at the St. George's Church in Chicago.

    You say that the nuns who are teaching the Lithuanian children know the Lithuanian language, but I know and all the Lithuanians know that the nuns do not know Lithuanian.

    You say that in Chicago there are more than 5,800 Lithuanians. I will say that there are no more until you prove it to me.

    The most important about the nuns and the Lithuanian parish school is this: What languages the nuns are teaching; in what language do the nuns speak to their pupils; in what language the pupils are speaking among themselves; how many children are attending the church school?

    Rev. John Zilinskas.

    In number 43 of the Katalikas, the Chicago branch of the Lithuanian Alliance of America complains that not everything that was written about the Chicago Lithuanians was true. It might ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 3, II B 2 d 1, I A 2 a, I A 2 b, III C, III A
  • Lietuva -- June 29, 1900
    The Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance

    It was previously announced about the necessity of a Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance on June 3, 1900. The Lithuanian Freethinkers held a convention at New York City in order to organize the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance. At 1 P.M. the hall was packed with broad-minded and far-seeing people. They elected Dr. John Szliupas as president of the meeting and Mr. A. Szilingis, from Newark, N. J., as secretary. Telegrams and congratulations were received from Pittston, Pa., Minersville, Pa., Torrington, Conn., Philadelphia, Pa., and Pittsburg, Pa. The delegates were from New York City, Jersey City, Passaic, Elizabeth and Newark, N. J., Scranton, Pa., Plymouth, Pa., Baltimore, M d., and Brooklyn, N. Y.

    The convention president, Mr. John Szliupas, opened the convention by delivering a short but energetic speech. The doctor said that the 2Lithuanians of today not only are suffering under the yoke of Russia and Germany, but are suffering from their own nationalists, the priests, and these priests are fed by the poor Lithuanians themselves. He further stated how the people in other countries overthrew the yoke of the clergy. After the doctor's speech, Mr. Balcziunas made a motion to establish the freethinkers' organization. Mr. Mikolainis seconded the motion by showing the necessity of freeing the people from the religious swaddling band, by spreading the enlightenment among the people. It was decided to organize the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance. Mr. Szesztokas made a motion that those who want to join the Freethinkers Alliance should give their names, and those who do not want to join the Alliance were asked to leave the hall, but no one left the hall. Then the platform was made and adopted. Mr. Ambrozewyczia made a motion to publish a newspaper as the organ of the Lithuanian freethinkers. Mr. Mikolainis made a suggestion to publish books instead of a newspaper. The books ought to be of small size, to print propaganda and other articles explaining the freethinkers' program. The motion was carried.

    3

    To the Freethinkers Alliance fund it was decided to pay 25 cents initiation fees and 10 cents monthly dues.

    Mr. Ramananskas' motion was that the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance should have a traveling agitator-speaker. It was decided to wait until the organization would stand on a firmer basis.

    The question was brought up whether to publish the book written by Rev. V. Demskis, About the Works of the Bishop Walanczauskas. It was decided to publish a book, The Matter and Power, by Buechner.

    They also decided that the members of the Freethinkers Alliance should cremate their dead ones.

    The central committee was elected of the following members: President, Leonas Ereminas, 519 E. 5th St., New York; Secretary, Adomas Szilingis, 57 Beacon St., Newark, N. J.; Treasurer, Wincas Gustaitis, 56 Ainstic St., Brooklyn, N. Y.; Assistant Secretary, Motiejus Ambrozewiczia, 456 Beacon St., Newark, N. J.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance made a protest resolution against the dirty acts of the priest Szedwydis of Pittston, Pa. The priest told the mayor of Pittston, Pa., that the Lithuanians are rascals and hoodlums so the meeting of the Daughters of Lithuania was stopped by the mayor of Pittston because of the intrigues of the priest Szedwydis.

    Also a protest was made against using the name of Lithuanians in the book, The Appeal of the American-Lithuanians to the Pope. This book was published without the consent of all the American-Lithuanians. This book was written by a few priests, not by all the Lithuanians.

    The delegates of the convention are asking the Lithuanians to organize the Freethinkers locals in every Lithuanian colony in order to have a strong Freethinkers Alliance.

    The newly organized locals should send all money to the treasurer, 5Mr. Gustaitis, who is under bond for $250.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers platform. The Freethinkers Alliance's purpose, with the help of enlightenment, is to free the people from religious prejudice and from political and material slavery.

    We stand on the evolution theory which scientifically explains the beginning, growth, and development of the living being, man.

    We affirm that the morale and ethic does not come from religion, that it develops from necessity and experience.

    In politics it goes together with the Socialists, accepts freedom, equality and justice to all humanity. It upholds the freedom of speech, press, post office, discussion on various problems and the freedom of assembly. It affirms freedom, rejects religion as the slavery of the mind, demands for all Lithuanians material benefit and political 6freedom and enlightenment; to make efforts to free us from the clergy which is the stronghold of despotism.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers demand: (1) That the church and the clergy should pay taxes like all other people. (2) That the clergy should be expelled from Congress, legislature, from navy and schools, colleges, and asylums and from other institutions that are supported by the public. (3) That the government should stop supporting the religious institutions, educational and relief institutions. (4) That the government should not help build the religious institutions, the education of religion, etc. (5) That the government should stop participating in religious celebrations. (6) That swearing in the courts should be abolished, because an ordinary promise is enough to tell the truth, and to know that for not telling the truth one will be punished. (7) That all the statutes for upholding Sunday as a religious holiday should be abolished. (8) That justice based on religious morale 7should be abolished, should stand on the foundation of inborn morality. (9) That the government should stand in the public background, should not protect or uphold religion, nor give privileges to any church. (10) In time of war, the clergy should go to war to defend the country like any other citizen.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers Committee.

    It was previously announced about the necessity of a Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance on June 3, 1900. The Lithuanian Freethinkers held a convention at New York City in order to organize ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, II B 2 d 3, I B 2, I E, IV
  • Lietuva -- October 11, 1901
    Rev. Krawczunas Loses His Fifth Case

    Those who have read The History of the Chicago Lithuanians know that Rev. Krawczunas sued the Lietuva's publisher and editor in the criminal and civil courts. Once he sued for an article published in Lietuva on Oct. 28, 1898, and four times for the article published on Oct. 14,1898. Every time the poor fellow lost his case. The last time he sued the Lietuva's publisher and editor for $10,000. This trial came to an end on October 8th. The priest's three lawyers tried their best to prove that the publisher and editor of Lietuva was guilty. The case was thrown out of court and Rev. Krawczunas must pay the court costs. The greatest expense were the lawyers: for each lawyer the priest paid $100 per day. $100 per day.

    Now that Rev. Krawczunas has lost all his cases against Lietuva nothing remains for the priest to do but kneel before God and beg His mercy, because the priest did not know what he was doing.

    2

    Rev. Krawczunas is now being sued by the publisher and editor of Lietuva for $125,000, in other words, $25,000 for each case that the Rev. Krawczunas had against him. There are five cases against Rev. Krawczunas' head. The trial will come up soon. Where will the unfortunate Rev. Krawczunas get all that money? The parishioners should raise his salary and more should be paid for the Easter confession cards because the $6 cards will not bring enough money to pay all those thousands. It should be the duty of the parishioners to drink more beer at the church "fair" in order to help the priest raise the money. At present money is a great necessity to the priest.

    Those who have read The History of the Chicago Lithuanians know that Rev. Krawczunas sued the Lietuva's publisher and editor in the criminal and civil courts. Once he sued for ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1, II B 2 d 3, III C, IV
  • Lietuva -- February 23, 1902
    The Gracious Communists

    The enemies of freedom in America are preparing fetters for the poor, especially for the foreigners, to whom we Lithuanians belong. The arrival in America of Prince Henry of Prussia means only one thing: to make an agreement with the United States government in order to stop agitation among Lithuanians, Poles and other nationalities in this country against the oppression of these nationalities by Russia and Germany. Remember that these despots do not want to have enlightened people. In Washington, D. C., already a bill has been introduced to persecute those who are agitating against foreign nations. Do the Lithuanians take notice of such a bill that will do us much damage? I wish that the Lithuanians would not slumber on this matter, that they would spread the news among Americans about the sufferings of Lithuanians under the yoke of Russia. At present we have nothing better than a small book in the English language, The Bestiality of the Russian Tsardom Toward Lithuania, in which I and the Rev. Zurba 2 presented the facts of the persecution of Lithuanianism. It seems to me that this book would do some good for the Lithuanians if the book would be distributed among the more prudent Americans. I wish that every good Lithuanian would distribute that book by selling it or by giving it free. The societies for this cause could do very much. I have several thousand copies of this book, even though Mr. Oszewski did not print in his catalog the book's name. One copy of the book is 5 cents, while 100 copies are $2.50. Now is the proper time to spread the book among the Americans.

    J. Szliupas, M. D.

    421 Penn Avenue, Scranton, Pa.

    P.S. The money from the sale of the books I will give to the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance.

    The enemies of freedom in America are preparing fetters for the poor, especially for the foreigners, to whom we Lithuanians belong. The arrival in America of Prince Henry of Prussia ...

    Lithuanian
    III G, II B 2 d 3, III B 1, III H, IV
  • Lietuva -- March 10, 1905
    Affairs of the Lovers of the Fatherland Society

    Ten years ago the Lithuanians were against the spreading of their own literature; now they are demanding the spreading of scientific literature among Lithuanians.

    From every corner voices are coming, stressing the need of literature and more literature that may enlighten and educate them, teach them how to live and how to emerge from darkness and misery. From Chicago, the Enlightenment of Brothers Society has sent $5 to the treasury of the Lovers of the Fatherland Society, as a donation for publishing more books. The Lovers of the Fatherland Society is very grateful for this donation.

    J. Naujokas, Treasurer.

    Ten years ago the Lithuanians were against the spreading of their own literature; now they are demanding the spreading of scientific literature among Lithuanians. From every corner voices are coming, ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, II B 2 d 3, II B 1 d