The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    International Society

    A meeting was held by the International Society, Nov. 27, 1892, at MAJAUCKAS Hall, 777 Milwaukee Avenue. The program was our own to improve the workingman's condition. The speaker X. was from the province of Kaunas, a student of Berlin University. The speaker said "do not believe that the anarchists with their bombs will bring benefit to the workers. It will not. Such an action is against a democratic government policy." The speaker said that in this democratic country the best weapon of the working men is the ballot. We do not need to shed blood nor use fire. We workingmen can win our fight, improve our living conditions by ballot because we are 95% while only 5% own the wealth and control the government. We need education and we can obtain knowledge only through literature. When the workingmen are organized we do not need to shed blood. We will improve our living conditions by peaceful assembly and ballot.

    A meeting was held by the International Society, Nov. 27, 1892, at MAJAUCKAS Hall, 777 Milwaukee Avenue. The program was our own to improve the workingman's condition. The speaker X. ...

    Lithuanian
    I E, II B 2 g
  • Lietuva -- December 17, 1892
    Organized International Society

    Last Sunday the Poles organized "International Society". The aim of this society is to work according to the statutes of the United States for the improvement of workers' conditions. The secretary of this society is a Lithuanian, from the province of Kaunas.

    The Lithuanians also organized such a society in 1886, under the name of "Varpas" (The Bell), but it was unable to exist.

    Last Sunday the Poles organized "International Society". The aim of this society is to work according to the statutes of the United States for the improvement of workers' conditions. The ...

    Lithuanian
    I E, I E
  • Lietuva -- January 28, 1893
    Dear Readers By Editor

    From this date the newspaper Lietuva became mine. I, A. V. Zalauskas, bought this newspaper from Mr. Rokosz. The newspaper will be edited in the same spirit, except on one point, that we will begin to publish scientific articles and we will not be afraid to tell the truth; there will be no exception as to the classes nor condition of man. As propagators of the pure science of Christ, we openly will uphold the truth and the downtrodden.

    Our newspaper Lietuva will become the mother of toilers, orphans and unfortunates, and it will be the whip against pharisaism and despotic exploiters.

    I, as a Lithuanian, by seeing our brothers who are moaning under the yoke of today's pharisaism and capitalism, decided to donate several thousand dollars for the good of my beloved mother country and for my brothers, in order to put one brick on the temple, that our patriots with unspeakable 2patience and courage are building.

    I understand that the only salvation of our nation is science; we are in the abyss of darkness where the Lithuanians are sunk so deep. Therefore, I say, one must have a heart of stone to conceal his conscience, to renounce the science of Christ, to be a peddler of one's soul, to be a traitor to his nation for not helping our sinking brothers.

    Brothers, Lithuanians, you must understand your own condition, listen to the calling voice, the savior of our nation. Science is the only weapon that will improve our living, enlighten and protect us from our exploiting enemies.

    Your servant,

    Zaleskis

    From this date the newspaper Lietuva became mine. I, A. V. Zalauskas, bought this newspaper from Mr. Rokosz. The newspaper will be edited in the same spirit, except on one ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1, I A 3, I E
  • Lietuva -- June 09, 1894
    Activity of Simonas Daukantas Society

    It was mentioned in No. 21 of Lietuva that there was a split in the society. There were two distinct parties, one wanted to belong to the Catholic church, not to go against the Catholic religion, not to keep books in the library against religion or priests.

    The reverend Kranczunas wrote a letter to all the Lithuanian societies, that if any society does not want to belong to the Catholic church, will refuse to support the church or priest, or if such a society will keep such members who refuse to support the Catholic church and priest, and who will not go to confession, such society will be discriminated against by the church and cannot hold meetings in the church hall.

    At this meeting the infidels demanded the return of their paid dues, while other infidels agreed to remain in the society and go to confession. We will see if they really go to confession.

    It is a good thing that such members were dismissed from the society.

    It was mentioned in No. 21 of Lietuva that there was a split in the society. There were two distinct parties, one wanted to belong to the Catholic church, not ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 1 d, III C, I E
  • Lietuva -- March 02, 1895
    The New Lithuanian Religion

    The name of this new religion is the Twelve Apostles. The priest will have no power, he will be under the control of parish members. The priest cannot collect money, nor charge for his service; he will get his salary but he cannot control the parish treasure, it will be under the control of the twelve apostles.

    The apostles will help the poor, the miserable and the downtrodden as the Apostles did in Christ's time.

    No other religion in existence had done such a thing as helping the poor and miserable. Our new religion will help the downtrodden, it will be a real Christian religion.

    We have decided to buy a church at 12th and Union avenue.

    The parish secretary Albertas Stajneris

    The name of this new religion is the Twelve Apostles. The priest will have no power, he will be under the control of parish members. The priest cannot collect money, ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I E
  • Lietuva -- March 31, 1899
    Dr. John Szliupas in Chicago

    Last Sunday Dr. Szliupas came to Chicago from Scranton, Pa. At a few meetings he delivered short lectures on Lithuanian history, explained the hardships and causes of it. He urged us to have unity, brotherly love, and the importance of getting enlightened by reading good books and newspapers.

    Almost all the Lithuanians in America are working people, so Dr. Szliupas urged them, in order to improve their living conditions, to join labor organizations. In unity there is strength. Organized labor can overthrow capitalism and take control of the government. The doctor said that not only the capitalists are against the improvement of labor's living conditions, but the clergy, who controlling the peoples' mind are forbidding the people to get enlightenment. Dr. Szliupas is advertised as an infidel, and that he wants to destroy the present form of government.

    2

    Nevertheless, many people came to hear his lectures, and the doctor never advocated the overthrow of the government. All the Lithuanians at the meetings were in good order, there were no disturbances. Honor to Lithuanians for such good conduct.

    Last Sunday Dr. Szliupas came to Chicago from Scranton, Pa. At a few meetings he delivered short lectures on Lithuanian history, explained the hardships and causes of it. He urged ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 g, I D 2 a 2, I D 1 a, III C, I E
  • Lietuva -- December 22, 1899
    Meeting of the Lithuanian Workers of Chicago

    Dec. 17, 1899. The Lithuanian workers held a meeting at Liandanskas Hall, 3301 S. Morgan St. There were eight speakers; they spoke about the unfair treatment of the working class. The speakers urged the Lithuanian workers to join the Socialist Labor Party. After the speeches, there were organized the Lithuanian Socialist Labor Party Local;24 members joined the Socialist Labor Party cluster.

    The officials were elected of the following members: S. Kodis, organizer; A. Lalis, secretary; K. Kazokas, financial secretary.

    Dec. 17, 1899. The Lithuanian workers held a meeting at Liandanskas Hall, 3301 S. Morgan St. There were eight speakers; they spoke about the unfair treatment of the working class. ...

    Lithuanian
    I E, II B 2 g, IV
  • Lietuva -- February 16, 1900
    The New Newspaper

    In the month of February a new newspaper was started in Chicago under the name Kurejas, (The Creator). It will be a weekly paper. As it seems from the first issue, the newspaper will be for the working class people, a liberal view, will stand for equality, will defend the working class in order to free the workers from the exploitation of capitalism. The writings will be based on criticism, will avoid personal attacks and slandering words; everyone will have an equal chance to express his views. We are wishing the best success for this new newspaper. The free thought newspapers are very few.

    In the month of February a new newspaper was started in Chicago under the name Kurejas, (The Creator). It will be a weekly paper. As it seems from the first ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1, I E
  • Lietuva -- June 29, 1900
    The Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance

    It was previously announced about the necessity of a Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance on June 3, 1900. The Lithuanian Freethinkers held a convention at New York City in order to organize the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance. At 1 P.M. the hall was packed with broad-minded and far-seeing people. They elected Dr. John Szliupas as president of the meeting and Mr. A. Szilingis, from Newark, N. J., as secretary. Telegrams and congratulations were received from Pittston, Pa., Minersville, Pa., Torrington, Conn., Philadelphia, Pa., and Pittsburg, Pa. The delegates were from New York City, Jersey City, Passaic, Elizabeth and Newark, N. J., Scranton, Pa., Plymouth, Pa., Baltimore, M d., and Brooklyn, N. Y.

    The convention president, Mr. John Szliupas, opened the convention by delivering a short but energetic speech. The doctor said that the 2Lithuanians of today not only are suffering under the yoke of Russia and Germany, but are suffering from their own nationalists, the priests, and these priests are fed by the poor Lithuanians themselves. He further stated how the people in other countries overthrew the yoke of the clergy. After the doctor's speech, Mr. Balcziunas made a motion to establish the freethinkers' organization. Mr. Mikolainis seconded the motion by showing the necessity of freeing the people from the religious swaddling band, by spreading the enlightenment among the people. It was decided to organize the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance. Mr. Szesztokas made a motion that those who want to join the Freethinkers Alliance should give their names, and those who do not want to join the Alliance were asked to leave the hall, but no one left the hall. Then the platform was made and adopted. Mr. Ambrozewyczia made a motion to publish a newspaper as the organ of the Lithuanian freethinkers. Mr. Mikolainis made a suggestion to publish books instead of a newspaper. The books ought to be of small size, to print propaganda and other articles explaining the freethinkers' program. The motion was carried.

    3

    To the Freethinkers Alliance fund it was decided to pay 25 cents initiation fees and 10 cents monthly dues.

    Mr. Ramananskas' motion was that the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance should have a traveling agitator-speaker. It was decided to wait until the organization would stand on a firmer basis.

    The question was brought up whether to publish the book written by Rev. V. Demskis, About the Works of the Bishop Walanczauskas. It was decided to publish a book, The Matter and Power, by Buechner.

    They also decided that the members of the Freethinkers Alliance should cremate their dead ones.

    The central committee was elected of the following members: President, Leonas Ereminas, 519 E. 5th St., New York; Secretary, Adomas Szilingis, 57 Beacon St., Newark, N. J.; Treasurer, Wincas Gustaitis, 56 Ainstic St., Brooklyn, N. Y.; Assistant Secretary, Motiejus Ambrozewiczia, 456 Beacon St., Newark, N. J.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance made a protest resolution against the dirty acts of the priest Szedwydis of Pittston, Pa. The priest told the mayor of Pittston, Pa., that the Lithuanians are rascals and hoodlums so the meeting of the Daughters of Lithuania was stopped by the mayor of Pittston because of the intrigues of the priest Szedwydis.

    Also a protest was made against using the name of Lithuanians in the book, The Appeal of the American-Lithuanians to the Pope. This book was published without the consent of all the American-Lithuanians. This book was written by a few priests, not by all the Lithuanians.

    The delegates of the convention are asking the Lithuanians to organize the Freethinkers locals in every Lithuanian colony in order to have a strong Freethinkers Alliance.

    The newly organized locals should send all money to the treasurer, 5Mr. Gustaitis, who is under bond for $250.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers platform. The Freethinkers Alliance's purpose, with the help of enlightenment, is to free the people from religious prejudice and from political and material slavery.

    We stand on the evolution theory which scientifically explains the beginning, growth, and development of the living being, man.

    We affirm that the morale and ethic does not come from religion, that it develops from necessity and experience.

    In politics it goes together with the Socialists, accepts freedom, equality and justice to all humanity. It upholds the freedom of speech, press, post office, discussion on various problems and the freedom of assembly. It affirms freedom, rejects religion as the slavery of the mind, demands for all Lithuanians material benefit and political 6freedom and enlightenment; to make efforts to free us from the clergy which is the stronghold of despotism.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers demand: (1) That the church and the clergy should pay taxes like all other people. (2) That the clergy should be expelled from Congress, legislature, from navy and schools, colleges, and asylums and from other institutions that are supported by the public. (3) That the government should stop supporting the religious institutions, educational and relief institutions. (4) That the government should not help build the religious institutions, the education of religion, etc. (5) That the government should stop participating in religious celebrations. (6) That swearing in the courts should be abolished, because an ordinary promise is enough to tell the truth, and to know that for not telling the truth one will be punished. (7) That all the statutes for upholding Sunday as a religious holiday should be abolished. (8) That justice based on religious morale 7should be abolished, should stand on the foundation of inborn morality. (9) That the government should stand in the public background, should not protect or uphold religion, nor give privileges to any church. (10) In time of war, the clergy should go to war to defend the country like any other citizen.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers Committee.

    It was previously announced about the necessity of a Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance on June 3, 1900. The Lithuanian Freethinkers held a convention at New York City in order to organize ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, II B 2 d 3, I B 2, I E, IV
  • Lietuva -- May 17, 1901
    The Trial

    Last Friday occurred the trial of the publisher of Lietuva, A. Olszewiski, against the former editor of Katalikas, Mr. Rusiki.

    Rusiki was sued for libel, for stating in Katalikas that Mr. Olszewiski was the secretary of the Independent Catholic Church.

    Mr. Olszewiski won $10,000 judgment against the former editor, Rusiki.

    Last Friday occurred the trial of the publisher of Lietuva, A. Olszewiski, against the former editor of Katalikas, Mr. Rusiki. Rusiki was sued for libel, for stating in Katalikas that ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1, III C, I E, IV