The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

Filter by Date

  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    How Lithuanians of Today Ought to Look Toward Poles and Their Language

    On this question I will give a short answer.

    Lithuanians of today should not fancy about Polish language, because that language will not help us in Lithuania, nor in America. In America, it is understood by all, that the English language is a necessity to everyone, that without the English language a man cannot exist. In Lithuania under the Russian government, was a Russian language, under Germany, was German language. Lithuanians must turn to that side which is most beneficial to them. Although we cannot hold Poles as our enemies, we are obliged to give them as much rights, just as much as to Germans, French and other nations. Today all the enlightened in the world, except the rich and the rulers, are anxious to have freedom for humanity in material and spiritual needs and for this reason we cannot be intolerant towards other nations. Of course, we cannot forget our own language, which must be first to Lithuanians.

    Patriotism is necessary, but it must not be extreme fanaticism. It would be beneficial if every nation would once in a while raise the question of cosmopolitanism.

    Memersys

    The skylark.

    On this question I will give a short answer. Lithuanians of today should not fancy about Polish language, because that language will not help us in Lithuania, nor in America. ...

    Lithuanian
    I C, III H
  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    The First Celebration -- National Holiday -- Chicago

    Chicago, November 24, 1892, eight o'clock in the evening the local L. M. D. celebrated the anniversary of the death of S. Daukantas, the philologist and magister of the University of Vilno. The meeting was held at Mr. Szimkiewicia's Hall, 811 South Halsted St. J. Szimkiewiczia was elected chairman of the meeting. The speakers of the evening were Mr. Bradczulis and Masionis.

    P. Masionis spoke about the life of S. Daukantas, and why we must respect our great men. P. Kazlauskas spoke about Polanized Lithuanians and the beauty of our own language. P. Szimkiewicze and Pacewicze spoke about the great men of Lithuania. The most important speaker was Mr. Bradczulis.

    He spoke that our ancestors, more than 1,000 years B. C. came to Europe from Asia. He said, according to philologists, archeologists and historians, that in Central Asia, in the province of Hindustan, they discover a Sanscrit nation which is recognized as the oldest nation, that the Lithuanian language has the closest resemblance to the Sanscrit language. That our ancestors moved north, to improve their economical conditions.

    We find relics of Lithuanians in Greece. There are many names of people and places showing a close resemblance to Lithuanian names. We also find many Lithuanian names in Bulgaria. There are many cuts on stones of the Lithuanian emblem of the knight. There are many places and rivers with Lithuanian names. At that time Lithuanians used the Ruthenian alphabet.

    2

    The history of Lithuanians was written for us by the great historian and writer S. Daukantas.

    That many Lithuanian writers wrote in other languages, especially in Polish. Lithuanian writers made Polish literature world famous.

    In this assembly tonight we are proud to remember our great benefactor in history and literature, Simonas Daukantas.

    Chicago, November 24, 1892, eight o'clock in the evening the local L. M. D. celebrated the anniversary of the death of S. Daukantas, the philologist and magister of the University ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, II B 1 d, III H, I C, IV
  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    Brothers and Countrymen!!

    It is well known to all of us that in Chicago there are not a few groups of Lithuanians, there are a few societies, we have started to build a Lithuanian church where one can assemble to worship our Creator in our own language.

    We know that it is hard to understand and to have unity among ourselves is such a large city like Chicago. It takes at least two hours' time to get together among ourselves.

    By seeing the causes why we cannot work closer among ourselves to make acquaintances and to express our thoughts we find it very convenient to publish a Lithuanian newspaper which will come to assist us in spiritual and material needs.

    Brothers, you will understand without our explanation what benefit our newspaper will be to us. Sponsoring the building of a church, the Home of God, we are anxious to increase the membership of our parish. We can 2announce and express our views in a broader way. It makes better understanding among us, when one understands in his own heart and thoughts. When a society wants to give its program through the newspaper we can give moral support to help our brothers in their activities.

    We publish this newspaper not for personal gain but to recover the Lithuanian spirit, language and to unite Lithuanians into one organization. This newspaper will not be against the church. We have many deeds unfinished, and new ones to begin, therefore we will work for what is more necessary to us.

    You see how our brothers are suffering under that cruel dragon of Russia who wants to rob our native language, prohibit us to read and to write in order to keep us in darkness, and when we are ignorant they do with us what they please. We all know the purpose of Russia: to teach us the Russian language, to prohibit our newspapers and then without any difficulty convert us to orthodoxy. Let us look to other nationalities, 3Czechs and Poles. They have their newspapers, many Lithuanians read Polish papers. Those who are reading literature and newspapers are more educated. They earn more. It is easier for them to make a better living and to gain wealth.

    Therefore, brothers, let us not slumber. Wake up from the sleep of lethargy. We must begin to read newspapers and books. Let us teach each other. Let us live in brotherhood and unity. We must tie ourselves in one brotherly knot. Do not pay attention to the differences of our thoughts and ideas. We must go with one purpose. Let us have one thought among us, unity, education and mother country, then there will be no misunderstandings among us. With our united strength we will obtain a better livelihood.

    It is well known to all of us that in Chicago there are not a few groups of Lithuanians, there are a few societies, we have started to build a ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, II B 2 d 1, III C, I C
  • Lietuva -- December 17, 1892
    What Benefits Can Politics Bring to Lithuanians

    Who wants to get an easy and well paid job must take part in political action. People of all nationalities participate in politics, have many city jobs, as policemen and other offices.

    Let us look to Lithuanians who worked in politics for a couple of years, today they have very good places. If we unite and advertise our ward through newspapers among other nationalities in Chicago, we have hope, that if united Lithuanians work in politics for a couple of years, few scores of men would have good jobs.

    Who wants to get an easy and well paid job must take part in political action. People of all nationalities participate in politics, have many city jobs, as policemen and ...

    Lithuanian
    I F 3, I C
  • Lietuva -- December 17, 1892
    Lithuanians We Ought to Help Each Other (Trial)

    In two weeks there will be a trial of a good Lithuanian, Mr. Blauzda. Blauzda got into trouble through the hoodlums of this city.

    It is known countrymen, that the law of this land is such, that a poor man without protection, even if not guilty, will rot in jail.

    For this reason we are calling a mass meeting at the Hall, 634 South Canal St., at 7 P.M. We will make a protest against this trial, we will make and sign an affidavit by our good citizens, to prove that Blauzda was morally good, this will be a good weapon to his lawyer, who can help us. We have among us no rich lawyers, nor rich judges, who would protect and help us.

    Let us have a big mass meeting, let us show to the world that we are people of one nation, that we understand the statutes - trials of this land.

    2

    Brothers, listen to the appeal of this innocent man, come and extend your hand to our sinking brother.

    The editor of "Lietuva" cordially invites all brother Lithuanians to help us, by giving us your brotherly love, which in the near future will prevail among us.

    In two weeks there will be a trial of a good Lithuanian, Mr. Blauzda. Blauzda got into trouble through the hoodlums of this city. It is known countrymen, that the ...

    Lithuanian
    II E 2, I C
  • Lietuva -- December 24, 1892
    First Grocery Store

    Mr.J. Grigas, 134 W.15th St. opened a grocery store.We are glad to hear that Lithuanians are going into business and do not yield to others.

    To our brother Grigas we are wishing good success. He ought to be supported by all Lithuanians.

    Remember brothers, Germans and Jews will not support us, they will not buy from Catholics, will go half a mile to their countrymen. Therefore we ought to take an example from other nations,by doing that we will obtain a better livelihood.

    Mr.J. Grigas, 134 W.15th St. opened a grocery store.We are glad to hear that Lithuanians are going into business and do not yield to others. To our brother Grigas we ...

    Lithuanian
    II A 2, I C
  • Lietuva -- December 31, 1892
    Brothers and Countrymen!

    Once more we appeal to our Lithuanian brothers in order to understand our national ideas, to have love towards our fellowman and God, we ought to come and help our innocent brother Blauzda, who requires from his countrymen spiritual and material help. Brothers we must sign an affidavit to prove that our brother Blauzda is a man of good character, this is necessary to defend him in his case and for his freedom.

    On the 18th day of December, 1892,our countrymen helped him as much as they could, we are thanking them very much.

    We have hope that the honorable members of Saint Casimir's Society will not forget their brother and will help him in his distress.

    Do not forget countrymen that this cause ought to show brotherhood among us, and also, this will make us worthy among other nations.

    Once more we appeal to our Lithuanian brothers in order to understand our national ideas, to have love towards our fellowman and God, we ought to come and help our ...

    Lithuanian
    II E 2, III C, I C
  • Lietuva -- January 07, 1893
    Remark

    Countrymen! For better understanding of our national and spiritual enlightenment, I found out that Lithuanians are eager to know about the American Indians and their destroyers in this free land, I decided to write a short story about the American Indians.

    Many a time I asked our brothers, why they are not reading newspapers. Every one answered, there is nothing in the paper about history. Up to this time our newspapers,except Lietuva, did not give to its readers what they demand. In order to give more light to our readers. I decided to translate American history.

    If the readers will like my translated story, I will be satisfied. By reading history the readers will get used to reading the paper, will obtain enlightenment and knowledge, then they will quit card playing and drinking.

    N. F. Martisgauckas

    Countrymen! For better understanding of our national and spiritual enlightenment, I found out that Lithuanians are eager to know about the American Indians and their destroyers in this free land, ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1, I C, I A 3, III A, I J
  • Lietuva -- February 18, 1893
    Parishioners' Meeting

    There is distress in our parish, the priest Kolesinskis does not want to hold holy mass every day in the Lithuanian church. The priest wants to convert our beloved church into a chapel and the priest himself wants to remain in the Polish church. The priest does not pay the debts of our church and does not give to us any accounting.

    The priest made friendship with the Polanized Lithuanians and wants to sell our church on auction.

    Therefore, brothers, if you love God come to the meeting after the evening service in the church hall where we will decide how to put order in the management of our church.

    Committee

    P. S.

    The meeting, as always, was troublous, there were no results, but the priest Kolesinskis took heed from the parishioners and agreed to hold mass every day. The parishioners agreed and the meeting adjourned.

    There is distress in our parish, the priest Kolesinskis does not want to hold holy mass every day in the Lithuanian church. The priest wants to convert our beloved church ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I B 4, I C
  • Lietuva -- February 25, 1893
    Dear Countrymen

    Until three years ago there were few Lithuanians in Chicago. A few years ago the Society of Saint Casimir the Prince was organized. This society took care of its members only and paid no attention to other Lithuanians in Chicago.

    When I saw that Lithuanians died without confession, I decided to get a Lithuanian priest. At first [gap] decided to call a Lithuanian mass meeting. [gap] petition, and elected a committee [gap] Lithuanian priest.

    But when the Society of Saint Casimir heard about our meeting it got mad at us, and called a meeting in Bridgeport. [gap] 2 also made a collection. They had no appointed treasurer, so the deposited money with the Polish priest. [gap] build a church for Lithuanians somewhere in the wilderness out of Chicago.

    The Lithuanians soon found out who were the swindlers [gap] twelve lots for the church.

    Then two weeks later [gap]

    3

    At first A. Naweckas and Lukoszewicius made a protest against the priest, then Dzialtiewa proved to the people the bad deeds of the clergy, and cited such priests like fathers Wargyris, Juadiszius, Lenkawiczius and others.

    It was said that in all good parishes neither bishop nor priest controls the parish treasury, but the parish committee. The people approved and elected a committee of twelve members. This newly elected committee went to the priest. The priest was against this committee, but when the priest saw that he could do nothing he agreed that the elected committee have full rights to collect money.

    There was a commotion among parishioners when they found out that the priest assigned four of the twelve church lots for himself. Then the parishioners made a protest against the priest for grasping those lots. Priest Kolesinski got mad and said: "Everything is going to the devil."

    On Sunday in the church, the priest was hollering: "I do not need any committee, I have my own committee of four. I myself will pay wages to them."

    Of course, our priest does not care for prudent people. He has his committee of four Polanized Lithuanians who can sign their names only by a cross 4 mark. Brothers, we the committee of thirteen are elected by parishioners and only by them we can be thrown out. We do not need such a priest.

    Here is a man lieing on a deathbed, calling for a priest, but the priest says, "Let him die like a beast, because he did not give money for me." And that man died without a priest! Did our Lord teach that way, did He preach His mission for money, did God tell him to do that? The priest must be priest. Did St. Francis the Silesian act like that? He went to India, and in five months he built seven hundred churches, converted thousands into Catholicism, but our priest is afraid to build even one church. Our priest wants to fill up his pockets with money, like he has done in Pittston, Pennsylvania. The priest even tore the pages from a book where the names of donators are written. When the priest is contemptuous of the committee, he is also contemptuous of all the parish.

    Brothers, read Lietuva, you will convince yourselves of the priest's manners

    Committee of the parish: Armonas; A. Newackas, J. Polakas, F. Janbacziawiczia, J. Twerionas, A. Kasparas, K. Lukoszius, P. Wodminas, N. Peza, D. Nemunis, J. Kazlauckas, sec.; J. Piatkus, N. Urbonas, J. Dzialtiva.

    Until three years ago there were few Lithuanians in Chicago. A few years ago the Society of Saint Casimir the Prince was organized. This society took care of its members ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I B 4, I C