The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- June 29, 1900
    The Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance

    It was previously announced about the necessity of a Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance on June 3, 1900. The Lithuanian Freethinkers held a convention at New York City in order to organize the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance. At 1 P.M. the hall was packed with broad-minded and far-seeing people. They elected Dr. John Szliupas as president of the meeting and Mr. A. Szilingis, from Newark, N. J., as secretary. Telegrams and congratulations were received from Pittston, Pa., Minersville, Pa., Torrington, Conn., Philadelphia, Pa., and Pittsburg, Pa. The delegates were from New York City, Jersey City, Passaic, Elizabeth and Newark, N. J., Scranton, Pa., Plymouth, Pa., Baltimore, M d., and Brooklyn, N. Y.

    The convention president, Mr. John Szliupas, opened the convention by delivering a short but energetic speech. The doctor said that the 2Lithuanians of today not only are suffering under the yoke of Russia and Germany, but are suffering from their own nationalists, the priests, and these priests are fed by the poor Lithuanians themselves. He further stated how the people in other countries overthrew the yoke of the clergy. After the doctor's speech, Mr. Balcziunas made a motion to establish the freethinkers' organization. Mr. Mikolainis seconded the motion by showing the necessity of freeing the people from the religious swaddling band, by spreading the enlightenment among the people. It was decided to organize the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance. Mr. Szesztokas made a motion that those who want to join the Freethinkers Alliance should give their names, and those who do not want to join the Alliance were asked to leave the hall, but no one left the hall. Then the platform was made and adopted. Mr. Ambrozewyczia made a motion to publish a newspaper as the organ of the Lithuanian freethinkers. Mr. Mikolainis made a suggestion to publish books instead of a newspaper. The books ought to be of small size, to print propaganda and other articles explaining the freethinkers' program. The motion was carried.


    To the Freethinkers Alliance fund it was decided to pay 25 cents initiation fees and 10 cents monthly dues.

    Mr. Ramananskas' motion was that the Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance should have a traveling agitator-speaker. It was decided to wait until the organization would stand on a firmer basis.

    The question was brought up whether to publish the book written by Rev. V. Demskis, About the Works of the Bishop Walanczauskas. It was decided to publish a book, The Matter and Power, by Buechner.

    They also decided that the members of the Freethinkers Alliance should cremate their dead ones.

    The central committee was elected of the following members: President, Leonas Ereminas, 519 E. 5th St., New York; Secretary, Adomas Szilingis, 57 Beacon St., Newark, N. J.; Treasurer, Wincas Gustaitis, 56 Ainstic St., Brooklyn, N. Y.; Assistant Secretary, Motiejus Ambrozewiczia, 456 Beacon St., Newark, N. J.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance made a protest resolution against the dirty acts of the priest Szedwydis of Pittston, Pa. The priest told the mayor of Pittston, Pa., that the Lithuanians are rascals and hoodlums so the meeting of the Daughters of Lithuania was stopped by the mayor of Pittston because of the intrigues of the priest Szedwydis.

    Also a protest was made against using the name of Lithuanians in the book, The Appeal of the American-Lithuanians to the Pope. This book was published without the consent of all the American-Lithuanians. This book was written by a few priests, not by all the Lithuanians.

    The delegates of the convention are asking the Lithuanians to organize the Freethinkers locals in every Lithuanian colony in order to have a strong Freethinkers Alliance.

    The newly organized locals should send all money to the treasurer, 5Mr. Gustaitis, who is under bond for $250.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers platform. The Freethinkers Alliance's purpose, with the help of enlightenment, is to free the people from religious prejudice and from political and material slavery.

    We stand on the evolution theory which scientifically explains the beginning, growth, and development of the living being, man.

    We affirm that the morale and ethic does not come from religion, that it develops from necessity and experience.

    In politics it goes together with the Socialists, accepts freedom, equality and justice to all humanity. It upholds the freedom of speech, press, post office, discussion on various problems and the freedom of assembly. It affirms freedom, rejects religion as the slavery of the mind, demands for all Lithuanians material benefit and political 6freedom and enlightenment; to make efforts to free us from the clergy which is the stronghold of despotism.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers demand: (1) That the church and the clergy should pay taxes like all other people. (2) That the clergy should be expelled from Congress, legislature, from navy and schools, colleges, and asylums and from other institutions that are supported by the public. (3) That the government should stop supporting the religious institutions, educational and relief institutions. (4) That the government should not help build the religious institutions, the education of religion, etc. (5) That the government should stop participating in religious celebrations. (6) That swearing in the courts should be abolished, because an ordinary promise is enough to tell the truth, and to know that for not telling the truth one will be punished. (7) That all the statutes for upholding Sunday as a religious holiday should be abolished. (8) That justice based on religious morale 7should be abolished, should stand on the foundation of inborn morality. (9) That the government should stand in the public background, should not protect or uphold religion, nor give privileges to any church. (10) In time of war, the clergy should go to war to defend the country like any other citizen.

    The Lithuanian Freethinkers Committee.

    It was previously announced about the necessity of a Lithuanian Freethinkers Alliance on June 3, 1900. The Lithuanian Freethinkers held a convention at New York City in order to organize ...

    III C, II B 2 d 3, I B 2, I E, IV
  • Lietuva -- September 13, 1907
    The New Charter of Chicago (Synopsis)

    Previously. "Lietuva" reported on the new charter for the city of Chicago. This time we will discuss more broadly what this new charter will give the citizens of Chicago.

    The new charter will make the mayor the dictator of Chicago; the mayor will have such power, that he can do as he pleases with the citizens of this city. The mayor can remove all the officials under him and in their place can appoint whom be wishes.

    The new charter gives power to the mayor to raise taxes on the people for the sum of $6,000,000,00. The taxes, as we know, always are paid by the workers, the rich capitalists are always freed from taxes. The new taxes will be a burden on the common people. This is not all: The new charter permits the city administration to make a new loan on the city for the sum of $40,000,000.00. This loan also will be a burden on the workers.

    This new chart will give power to be mayor to assist with special taxes 2every tradesman and businessman.

    If the city administration dislikes any tradesman and businessman, it can revoke his license. Then such a worker cannot get a job anymore in Chicago. It will be the same with the businessman; he could not open a business in Chicago if the city administration or the mayor will not like him.

    According to the new charter, the mayor will have absolute power to control the schools. That the mayor dictates, the pupils must be taught. The mayor will stop the enlightenment of students; we know that the American politicians do not want to have an enlightened public.

    Up to the present time, if the street car company wanted to place street cars on the street, it had to get the signatures of the people of the street. Under the new charter, the street company will ask the mayor for permission, but not of the people. Therefore, as citizens, if you don't want to be under the absolute control of the financial masters of this city, vote against the new charter on the 17th day of September. Under the new charter, the citizens will be forced to take passports. The new charter will close all the theaters, 3dancing halls, banquets and other amusements on Sunday. The workers have only one day, Sunday, to have their pleasure day, now all this will be closed.

    Citizens of Chicago! On the 17th day of September be sure to vote against the new charter! Mark a cross in the rubric where it says, "Against an Act entitled", and everybody go to vote against this new scheme that the politicians want to put on the people's shoulders. Vote against the new charter!

    J. Ilgaudas.

    Previously. "Lietuva" reported on the new charter for the city of Chicago. This time we will discuss more broadly what this new charter will give the citizens of Chicago. The ...

    I F 3, I A 1 a, I D 1 a, I D 1 b, I B 2, I F 6, IV
  • Lietuva -- August 18, 1911
    The White Rose Club

    The Lithuanian White Rose Club was organized three years ago. Its purpose is to train its members in wrestling, boxing and lifting of heavy weights. [Its aim is] to draw the Lithuanian youth away from saloons, to teach them sports, instead of their wasting their time gambling and drinking.

    As a result, many of the young Lithuanians who joined this club, quit smoking and drinking. They found out that they had to lead a clean life, that drinking and smoking did not make a good wrestler or boxer.

    During the recent days, many young Lithuanians joined this club not only to train themselves in sport activity but also to raise [the level] of national sport.


    Another club, similar to the White Rose Club, was organized in the vicinity of 18th and Halsted Streets. We hope that many more such clubs will be organized in Chicago. When we have many of them we will be able to organize our own Lithuanian battalion. Such battalions already have been organized by the Poles, Czechs and other nationalities who have lost their independence.

    The Lithuanian White Rose Club was organized three years ago. Its purpose is to train its members in wrestling, boxing and lifting of heavy weights. [Its aim is] to draw ...

    III B 2, I B 1, I B 2
  • Naujienos -- February 19, 1914
    Olsevskis and Tananevicius against Prohibition Prohibition Will Paralyze Business

    The saloon keepers began to act and plan to defend their business when they heard that the United States would pass a law to close all saloons. The resolutions which were introduced into both Houses of Congress demand that prohibition shall become a law without delay. One of these resolutions demands that the prohibition law shall cover all the United States instead of a few states, and shall stop the manufacture of alcohol completely.

    Now in Chicago petitions are being signed and protests are being made against temperance societies which sponsor the prohibition bills and are putting the pressure on Congress. Among Lithuanian businessmen who were the first to sign one of the petitions are the following prominent men: Mr. Olsevskis, J. Tananevicius, Stanley Tananevicius, Masulis, Aleksandravicius, Sukevicius, and others. Mr. Olsevskis and Tananevicius both supported the temperance idea for political reasons only. Today both stand firmly as a stone wall against the temperance 2movement which is sponsoring the prohibition bill in Congress. They both stressed the idea that if you stop people from drinking you will stop business in general. A great deal of business comes through the handling of alcohol and beer. They severely oppose prohibition.

    It is a well known fact that they stand opposed to prohibition, for they have signed brewers' petitions, and advertise their business in brewers' papers. They also published the articles in their papers, stating that business flourishes well only when saloons are running wide open. In other words, they mean that when the people are soaked in alcohol and their minds are poisoned, only then business flourishes.

    The saloon keepers began to act and plan to defend their business when they heard that the United States would pass a law to close all saloons. The resolutions which ...

    I B 2
  • Lietuva -- August 07, 1914
    Secluded Nooks (Editorial)

    There is one matter on which all of our newspapers, of all tendencies, agree and co-operate. That is the question of temperance. Some have taken a stern and clear position against drinking. Others, because of some outside circumstances, fight less vigorously against the spread of the epidemic among our people. But, in principle, all have proclaimed themselves to be the foes of drunkenness.

    Thanks to the continual agitation by our newspapers, drunkenness, at least in some places, is beginning to surrender its place to temperate living. One can read, more and more often, of the sponsorship of temperate affairs, picnics, excursions, etc. The ideal of temperance, apparently, is taking deep root among our masses. This can be seen in their private lives, at weddings, christenings, etc., which our people used to find difficult to 2imagine without intoxicating liquors.

    Drunkenness is decreasing today and the totally temperate private parties are not the white crows which they used to be in our lives, let us say ten years ago. In public life, however, temperance manifests itself much more for a very understandable reason: all kinds of assemblies find it easy and handy to receive mention in the press, and a correspondent seldom misses an opportunity to attack tippling when such an opportunity presents itself. In part, the public nature of such assemblies is a sort of bridle which checks drunkenness. In part, a sensible reaction to the ideal of temperance is being noticed,and it is not only fear of public censure that is behind the effort to banish intoxicants from our assemblies. Of course, we do not intend to state here that the matter of temperance is making perfect progress among us, and that only the remnants of drunkenness remain with us. No, we are fully aware of the sea of drinking which has deluged our people, and we realize that much work will yet have to be put in the fight against it. In speaking of the propagation of temperance, we have in mind only that which 3we had several years ago and which we still have today.

    In order to block the path to drunkenness, however, it is necessary to give the people a foundation on which they can brace themselves. It is necessary to give them what is called an equivalent; that is, something to replace the drunkenness which is being ejected. It cannot be said of the majority of people that they drink because they are very addicted to intoxicants, and have learned to like them very much. The majority of our people drink because that is the custom, because others do so, and because there are no other ways to pass leisure time, or they cannot see or understand any other ways. Very often a secluded nook--in some saloon is the only place where people can meet to visit and converse with each other. At home, also, the bottle is recognized as the best stimulus to a gay conversation.

    This fact might make one unhappy, but the situation does not change because of that. And no matter how strong the fight against this situation might be,


    the results will not be felt. It seems that we understand this thing: We wish to fill that void which the extermination of the mentioned practice leaves in the life of the average Lithuanian, by organizing societies and by public activity. But organizational activity takes up comparatively so little time of the average member that, at least up to now, there have been many instances where there is room for that equivalent. However, it is a step--and a large step--forward. In this respect our people, compared to the Americans, are a full step in advance.

    The prohibition movement is more widespread among the Americans than among the Lithuanians. That movement is growing, as evidenced by the ever-increasing number of "dry" towns and counties where the sale of all intoxicants is prohibited.

    However, does the propagation of temperance benefit by this? Are intoxicants altogether removed from the people? Undoubtedly, the use of intoxicants in 5"dry" places is decreased, but, as experience proves, their universal abolition is not possible. Drinking begins in secluded nooks. Clandestine saloonkeeping, which, in many respects, is less desirable than the public sale of intoxicants, is born and flourishes.

    Working in this manner from the top instead of beginning at the bad roots, the supporters of prohibition can hardly bring any benefits to the movement of which they would be the apostles. The people are not infused with the realization of the injurious nature of intoxicants; they are not shown how they could fill voids in their lives; they are not being trained for temperate living. Instead of doing that work which, though it would be long and difficult, carries the full guarantee of success in the future, they choose the easier path of prohibition. They are laying no positive foundation on which the prohibition battle could take root so that, when it ceases to be a battle, the idea of prohibition would remain a permanent and firm control in the lives of the people. That is why, when some certain place becomes "dry", clandestine saloonkeeping, with all its vices, flourishes. That is why, 6when the public saloons are banned, almost every private home, in some districts, becomes a secret saloon, or "a case" or more is kept on hand in almost every home to entertain a welcome visitor or for "family needs."

    The prohibition movement of the Americans also concerns the Lithuanians. As we know, there are many Lithuanian colonies in many of the "dry" places. We can see from the frequent news items in our newspapers how widespread clandestine saloonkeeping is in such places. On adding up many of such items, it seems that prohibition has not decreased drunkenness even a little bit, but has only chased it into secluded nooks. And herein lies the task for our newspapers and the leaders of the people. It is our duty, as far as our own people are concerned, to fill that void left by American prohibition. We must turn attention to this matter so that prohibition will bring the greatest possible positive benefits. Experience proves, as we stated above, that this can be attained by the organizing of temperance societies and clubs, by the founding of libraries and reading rooms and by propagandizing various 7temperate entertainments, games, and excursions. This is a part of the cultural work now being done. And it must be directed where it will do the most good: in the secluded nooks of clandestine saloonkeeping.

    There is one matter on which all of our newspapers, of all tendencies, agree and co-operate. That is the question of temperance. Some have taken a stern and clear position ...

    I B 1, I B 2, I H, I C