The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- February 04, 1893
    Lithuanian Churches in America

    The prophecy of G. Wiastelianskas is fulfilled. He said that when there were many priests among Lithuanians in America, then the exploitation of Lithuanians would be in full swing.

    The priest wants to build a church as soon as there are few Lithuanians. But when Lithuanians build their church, the priest assigns the church to a bishop. So the bishop has the church and Lithuanians pay the debt and the debt increases every year. The more go to church, the more they are duped. Lithuanians become slaves of the priest, live a miserable life, hope for no better life, except after death.

    We need no church, we need schools, education. The only way to give education and culture to Lithuanians is through education. We need teachers to teach natural science but not dogmas.

    Why do our priests not open schools? Why don't they educate the people? The priest wants to exploit but not educate his people. When people are ignorant the priest exploits them and lives a dissolute life. The sooner the Lithuanian will convert churches into schools the sooner they will make progress and will improve their own living conditions.

    The prophecy of G. Wiastelianskas is fulfilled. He said that when there were many priests among Lithuanians in America, then the exploitation of Lithuanians would be in full swing. The ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I A 1 a, I A 2 a
  • Lietuva -- July 14, 1894
    Celebration of the Opening of the Lithuanian School

    July 8, Sunday afternoon, in the church hall, there was a celebration of the opening of the Lithuanian parish school.

    At this meeting Mr.K.Andruszis was elected chairman, and Anton Jocis secretary.

    The program was as follows:

    1. Song - "Su Diew Lietuva" - (Goodbye Lithuania) by six Lithuanian maidens, accompanied by orchestra under the direction of Kazis Kiga.

    2. Declamation - by Miss Anna Andriuziunaite.

    3. Speech - by Anton Olszewski. He spoke on how the Lithuanians disregard their own language, and that the native language and education is most essential.

    Declamation - by Miss Elena Bagdziunaite.

    2

    5. Speech - by Mr.Daugela. He told how today we can obtain education and culture in our native language.

    6. Declamatioh - by Miss Petronele Nawickaite.

    7. Speech - by Stanley Pocewiczius, he told how through education we can obtain more benefits for ourselves.

    8. Declamation - by Miss Anna Azukiute.

    9. Speech - by Anthony Mikolainis, he told how we can help each other by uniting into one national unit.

    10. Declamation by Miss Vincenta Zacharewicziute.

    11. Speech by Seminarist Anton Kaupas. He told why we must send our children to the Lithuanian schools.

    12. Declamation by Joseph Majauskaitis.

    13. Declamation by John Bagdziunukas. (Trans.Note: Now he is attorney John Borden),

    3

    14. Speech by Rev. Krauczunas. He told us how education is essential to us Lithuanians. That without education a man cannot get anywhere nor accomplish anything.

    After the speeches, the girls sang a few more songs. The celebration was very successful. Many people were were present. It shows that the Lithuanians are eager to send their children to a Lithuanian school.

    We Lithuanians were oppressed in our mother country, we had no chance or opportunity to get education but in this country we can open our own schools, to educate our children and even ourselves.

    July 8, Sunday afternoon, in the church hall, there was a celebration of the opening of the Lithuanian parish school. At this meeting Mr.K.Andruszis was elected chairman, and Anton Jocis ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 2 a, II B 1 c 3, II B 1 a
  • Lietuva -- September 08, 1894
    The Lithuanian School

    Last Monday the Lithuanian parish school started. On the first day eighteen pupils came, and more are coming every day. This school is also open evenings for adults. Elementary courses are given such as arithmetic, English language and writing. The school is open every night of the week, except Saturdays and Sundays.

    Honor to our priest for his work on school.

    Last Monday the Lithuanian parish school started. On the first day eighteen pupils came, and more are coming every day. This school is also open evenings for adults. Elementary courses ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 2 a, I A 3
  • Lietuva -- September 03, 1897
    The Most Important Affair of Ours

    Nobody will dispute that the most important thing to the Lithuanians in America is the Lithuanian schools. It is the only institution that can uplift the intellect of our brothers and inspire our children with the Lithuanian spirit.

    In other countries we are prohibited our own Lithuanian schools. Do we have in this broad territory of America, a school that would answer our purpose? We do not know of such a school. This shows that we do not care to fulfill our most important duty. We do not know how to use the liberty which we have in this country.

    Until there is a school for Lithuanians in this country, we do not need to prophesy what future there is for us. By the way we have the parish schools but the benefit is very small, because they have no suitable teachers.

    2

    The pupils after being in school two years can hardly read Lithuanian, when a good teacher could teach them in one year to read and write perfect Lithuanian. How can we expect our children to learn Lithuanian when the teachers themselves do not know enough of the Lithuanian language?

    If we cannot improve the parish schools, let the Lithuanian Alliance of America establish Lithuanian schools independent of church. This is a very important problem. We think if we could have at least one such a school in America we could get support from the Lithuanian intellectuals of Europe, because such a school would benefit not only the Lithuanians in this country but the Lithuanian nation as a whole. Do you think we cannot accomplish this important object? We would like to hear from other Lithuanian newspapers what they have to say on this important proposition.

    Nobody will dispute that the most important thing to the Lithuanians in America is the Lithuanian schools. It is the only institution that can uplift the intellect of our brothers ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 1 a, I A 2 a, I C
  • Lietuva -- September 03, 1897
    The New School

    Since last Wednesday, September 1st, I opened in my house a new school to teach the Lithuanian children, whom I have been teaching for the last three years at the St. George's parish school. Therefore, I am inviting all parents who had been sending their children for the past three years to the parish school, where I have been teaching, to send your children to my new school. I will teach Lithuanian and catechism in my house, 850 W. 32nd place. I will do my best to inspire your children with education.

    St. Dangelawiczius

    Since last Wednesday, September 1st, I opened in my house a new school to teach the Lithuanian children, whom I have been teaching for the last three years at the ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 f, I A 2 a
  • Lietuva -- September 10, 1897
    The Chicago Lithuanian School

    Our rector brought Polish nuns to the Lithuanian school. We have nothing to do with what is going on in the Lithuanian parish school, what and how they are teaching, it is not our affair. We are not against the Polish teachers in Polish schools where they are teaching, but what is good for Polish schools is not good for the Lithuanian school.

    As far as we have heard none of the Polish nuns knows Lithuanian. How can they teach our children the Lithuanian language?

    Our rector brought Polish nuns to the Lithuanian school. We have nothing to do with what is going on in the Lithuanian parish school, what and how they are teaching, ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 2 a, I C
  • Lietuva -- September 02, 1898
    The Chicago Parish School Affairs (Summary)

    When Lietuva brought up the question of the Chicago parish school, I believed that the matter soon would be closed. But as the struggle is going on, it might be permissible for me to stick in my own dvileki (a coin with the value of 11/2 kopecks).

    Some of our people may not like what I will say, but I love the truth and will say what I believe.

    I like to offend neither the committee nor others. A man, consisting of soul and body, requires double propagation for his soul and body. The people of Chicago understand that nobody will take such good care of their children, soul and body, as the sisters or the nuns.

    When Lietuva mentioned the improper conduct in the school, all started to cry that there were no truth in it, and they say that the nuns are teaching 2our children very well; they teach to say their prayers, good conduct in the church, to worship the Lord God, in other words, they rear the children for the good of their souls. For this I am honoring the committee of the Chicago school. When we sow into their young hearts the good seed, we will reap a good crop. But ... unfortunately, the Chicago school committee was mindful only of the souls, and forgot to rear the bodies and the minds of our children. Therefore, Lietuva had the right to talk about such a teaching. In the Lithuanian school, supported with Lithuanian money, the Lithuanian children are instructed by teachers who do not know Lithuanian! This is a real scandal. I would try to justify the committee on this point; I will say that when a chicken is looking for a night's sleep and flies up to the top of a tree, then the chicken believes that it sits so high that even the eagle would not be able of fly up that high. It is the same way with the Chicago school committee, it believes that when the children can read and write, then they can climb up to the top of the cherry tree. Now then, when the chickens are looking for the highest tree, and when we have seen the protest against the Chicago school committee, and proving the benefit of knowing the Lithuanian language, we must 3say, "Dear members of the committee, you like to sit on the top of the tree, but you do not wish to see your children lift themselves higher."

    The Chicago school committee itself does not know much about the Lithuanian language. The Lithuanian school is supported with Lithuanian money. I wish that in the Lithuanian school Lithuanian would be taught besides English. But the teachers - nuns - do not know Lithuanian.

    For such conduct of the committee I blame Rev. Krawczunas. The priest as a spiritual leader paid no attention to teaching our children the Lithuanian language.

    I am acquainted with schools in several countries where the nuns are teaching as in Italy, Austria and France. The nuns there not only are teaching in elementary schools, but in high schools, too. The nun-teachers there are qualified by the government, educated in higher schools. In England and Scotland the nuns have no high education, so they are not allowed to teach civil education.

    4

    Of the nuns in the Chicago Lithuanian school who have diplomas or not I do not ask. Even if they are highly educated, if they do not know the Lithuanian language, they cannot teach in a Lithuanian school.

    Therefore, the Chicago school committee should see that your children would get not only spiritual education, but civil education as well.

    (The school committee can do nothing in the school affairs, because the priest controls the school. Editor.)

    A Priest from Europe.

    When Lietuva brought up the question of the Chicago parish school, I believed that the matter soon would be closed. But as the struggle is going on, it might be ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 2 a, I C, III C, I A 2 b, III A
  • Lietuva -- September 16, 1898
    How To Improve the Situation of Our Parish

    In the past few numbers of Lietuva you have seen the situation of the Chicago Lithuanian parish. You have seen the Rev. Krawczunas' public statement of income since the inception of the parish from 1892 to 1896 inclusive, as follows:

    In the statement of 1895 $28,787.78
    In the statement of 1896 34,952.00
    Loan from the bank 15,000.00

    From the time of establishment of this parish up to 1896, income the parish treasury was $78,739.78. Rev. Krawzounas says nothing about how much money he collected from the people in 1897 and 1898. He gave 2 no account of it to his parishioners. The priest's statement of 1896 shows that during one and one half years he collected over $34,000 from his parishioners, which means more than $20,000 per year. Now, if during the slack years he has collected over $20,000 per year, then during the better times in these last two years, if he were unable to collect $20,000, at least he was able to collect $15,000 a year, then, for the last two years it would be as follows:

    Since the establishment of the parish up to 1896 as Rev. Krawczunas stated in his own statement, the income into the parish treasure was $78,739.78. For the last two years, let us say just $30,000.00. From the inception of the parish up to the present time the income to the parish treasury was $108,739.78.

    3

    Here we use the income. The priest is the treasurer of the parish. Now let us glimpse at the spending: could the priest have spent all of that hundred and eight thousand dollars?

    The priest even made a mortgage on the church; then how much money was left to the priest?

    The priest appointed his own committee in order to show the expenses of the parish. but the committee showed only $41,758 expenses. This is too low. The priest had more expenses than the committee stated. We will not go according to the committee's statement, but on the priest's own statement or 1895 and 1896. We will take a very honest account of the expenses:

    4 5
    Fire Insurance $455.00
    Paid off deposits 8,265.00
    Rents before the rectory was built 104.40
    The three year salaries as the priest himself stated 4,824.64
    And for the last two years let us make the same amount of salaries 3,217.00
    Rev. Kolesinski's salary for 22 months at $70 per month 1,540.00
    14 lots (for the church) 11,200.00
    Rectory 9,700.00
    Church 18,169.73
    The church furniture 4,701.04
    The bells 729.94
    The bell tower and steeple 1,275.00
    The street pavements $736.10
    The school house - we can say at 2,000.00
    Fence, improvement of the churchyard 1,000.00
    To Rev. Kolosinski's organist at $30 per month 660.00
    All the expenses were $68,577.91

    New let us compare income and expenses:

    Income $108.739.78
    Expenses $68,577.91
    Then, what has the treasurer (priest) done with the balance of $40,161.87?

    Let the priest explain to us in one way or the other; from the pulpit, 6 at the meeting, or in writing, whichever he thinks is better for him, what became of the balance of $40,151.87.

    We estimated all the expenses that the priest had in the parish affairs. We estimated the land, the buildings, the fence, everything that was bought for the church, and the wages to the servants since the establishment of the church up to the present time. We estimated not of our own knowledge, but according to the priest's public statements of 1895 and 1896. Even though the expenses were very high, still $40,000 was left of parishioners' money.

    If we had taken honest account of that money, and if we ourselves had hired the contractor to build the church, what a church we could have 7 built for $12,000, and not for $18,169.75, as our priest contracted!

    The owner offered those two lots at Auburn Avenue to the parish for $2,500.00, but our priest, for the good of his parishioners, paid $3,600 for them. Maybe all the other expenses were estimated by the priest with the same honesty.

    Now, where is the truth?

    The treasurer (Rev. Krawczunas), by the way, calls himself honest, but when we look into his treasury we find no justice, because the treasurer refuses to show the parish budget books. He hides the books. No one is required to hide the truth. only the wrongdoer is the one who hides the truth.

    8

    $40,000 of the parishioners’ money was lost by the treasurer, and on top of it, there was a $20,000 debt made on the church. Where is Justice? Where is the morality of such a treasurer as our Rev. Krawczunas? Let even one moral parishioner ask himself, is our priest doing right by such a conduct of his parishioners' budget? Shall we leave our priest as treasurer in the future to collect money from the people and to increase the debt on the church?

    As long as we keep the priest as parish treasurer, the debt on the church will not decrease. but will grow up, as the Polish church debt grew from $10,000 up to $100,000. No matter how many thousands of dollars we deposit, the priest's pockets are very deep, they can contain millions of dollars, and yet, the debts on the church will grow.

    9

    If we want to improve the standing of our parish. if we want to pay off the church debt, and to have our church free of debts, we should not deposit our money in the priest's pocket but deposit it in the bank. In the bank our money will be safe, and any time the parish needs the money it can take it. But when the money is deposited in the priest's pocket, from there you cannot take it. Once the priest puts the money in his own pocket, than the parish will not get it. no matter for what purpose the parish needs money. If the money is needed for some improvement of the parish, the priest will never use the parish money; he will borrow the money as he has done in the past. The Polish priest has been doing the same.

    From this day we ought to elect the parish administration; the president, vice-president. secretary, treasurer and collectors.

    10

    We must have the parish ledger. The collectors must deliver the money to the cashier, and the cashier must deposit the money in the bank, and then the bank book must be given to the president. All the administration must be under bond for responsibility for the parish money. The parish officers elected once a year must examine the ledger and the budget. Pay salary to the priest, and leave him the profits of baptism, masses, nuptial services and the funerals, as to the other affairs, the priest should have no rights. The price of baptisms, nuptial services and funerals must be set, and the priest should pay taxes for it. Then we will have order in our parish, the priest will be good to us, and we good to the priest. All the misunderstandings among us will disappear, because there will be nothing to fight for.

    11

    From the last statement of the priest, we see that there are 3,000 parishioners. By paying to the parish treasury $5 by each person each year, in one year $15,000 would be in the bank; in two years would be $30,000, in three years, $45,000, and in ten years we would have $150,000. For $30,000 we would finish our unfinished church; for $50,000 we would establish a hospital; another $50,000 would build an asylum for our old people, orphans and invalids, and the balance of $20,000, we would have in the bank for reserve. We could have a good school, so that some of our Lithuanians could be able to obtain higher education.

    We would have all that, if our money would not go to the priest's pockets. In that manner we could show ourselves that we are good Catholics, love God and our fellow man.

    Today we are depositing everything in the priest’s 12 pocket. Although in our prayers we say: "I love God with all my might and my fellow man as myself," by saying that we are deceiving God Himself. Let us prove where our love of God and our fellow man is. Instead of loving God, we are only loving the priest, we are sticking everything into his pocket, and we pay no attention to the fact that our priest pawned the house of God to the bank.

    Then where is our love for our fellow man? Today, if our fellow Lithuanian is injured on the railroad, or in the factory, loses his legs or arms, where do we put him? We are taking him to the Presbyterian or Protestant hospital. Our old people, who have lost their health, cannot support themselves any more, they find shelter with Protestants, with non-Catholics while we are Catholics. We show our Catholicism only with lips and tongues, but our manners and actions are worse than those of 13 wild people. We are feeding one priest like a fatling, but the invalids, the orphans and the old people, we do not see. If those not Catholic would give no shelter to our poor Lithuanian Catholics, they would starve to death!

    We and our children are sinking into the abyss. We have no place to get enlightenment and education because all of our donations are going into the priest's pocket. Such is our love for our fellow man. Are we not defrauding God by lying in our prayers that "We love our fellow man like ourselves?" For the amount of money that we are wasting on the priest, we could help hundreds of our unfortunate brothers. Then we could show that we love our fellow man, and for that we could obtain God's blessing. Instead of helping our brothers, we are increasing the capital in the bank for the priest. Are we helping Catholicism? No!

    14

    We are increasing the enemies of the priest, and we are humiliating the priest himself. It is time for us, brothers, to wake up; we must not provoke the animosity of our God anymore.

    We should not make the world laugh at us for our improper conduct. It is time to know that God is our God, but not the priest; and to do what God told us, but not what the priest says. As long as we will not make God understand that we are people and behave like people, until then we will not be able to raise ourselves from our unsuitable living condition. So long as we will have in our mind only the priest and the saloon, the people will take us for savages as they are holding us today.

    Brothers, it is time to wake up.

    In the past few numbers of Lietuva you have seen the situation of the Chicago Lithuanian parish. You have seen the Rev. Krawczunas' public statement of income since the inception ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I A 2 a, I A 2 b, II D 3, II D 4, II D 5, I C, IV
  • Lietuva -- September 16, 1898
    The Lithuanian Parish School

    Our Lithuanian parish school has started its course. How many children were accepted by the school we do not know. Our reproof of the Polish nuns who do not know Lithuanian, whom the priest had brought to teach the Lithuanian children, did not go without results. Only one Polish nun is left as supervisor, and she, as we have learned, knows some Lithuanian. The other Sisters that were brought to the school are Lithuanians.

    How much Lithuanian they know we do not know, although they are better than the previous Polish nuns.

    We believe that our priest will understand that to teach the Lithuanian children in the school, it is not enough to speak Lithuanian, but one must know the language and the grammar well. The priest, then, may understand that when we demand the parish accounting, and that the control of the parish treasury should not be by the priest alone, that we 2are doing this for the benefit of the priest. We desire to bring back the people's confidence in the priest. We want the priest to understand that the money donated for the benefit of the parish should not be lost somewhere. We hope the priest will understand now that the fight we have started against him is not for the benefit of the people alone, but for the good of the church as well.

    Our Lithuanian parish school has started its course. How many children were accepted by the school we do not know. Our reproof of the Polish nuns who do not know ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 2 a, III C, I B 4, I C
  • Lietuva -- November 25, 1898
    Important Question

    In No. 44 of Lietuva Mr. Pazistamas replies to the article of Dr. Rev. Juodiszius in regard to our schools. He brought up the important question of having reliable Lithuanian teachers for the Lithuanian schools. If the rich Lithuanians or priests or business people could agree among themselves to send a few good Lithuanian students to schools, where they could get proper education in normal schools, then they would be much better teachers than the Polish nuns.

    This is a very important question, if the well-to-do Lithuanians would give a small part of their money for the benefit of Lithuanians. If they would start, then others, the workers, no doubt would donate as much as they could for this great cause of Lithuanian schools.

    At one time we heard from Mr. A. L. Graiczunas that the Lithuanian rector of Chicago had told him that the priests had their convention in Pennsylvania, that the clergy at this convention decided not to help the 2Lithuanian students in secular education. We hardly can believe that the Lithuanian clergy would decide against secular education because without the intellectuals educated in secular institutions it will be impossible to uplift Lithuanianism. Besides religious education among Lithuanians there must be public education too, because at present one can hardly get a place for a spiritual leader among Lithuanians.

    We do not understand why the clergy are against the secular education. There is a broad field for parochial and public education. There is a lot of work for both. Why obstruct enlightenment of the people. The Lithuanians are suffering from lack of intellectuality.

    The spiritual leaders further say that the church is upholding the morale of the people. We agree with that. Yet, from the practical point of view we see that the church does not uplift nor enforce the morale of the people. We know that the Lithuanian Catholic churches never have been 3filled with the people. That the morality of the churchgoers is not improving, that the drunkenness is not on decrease but on the increase. We see among other nations that their churches are crowded with the people to capacity, and their morale is higher than among the Lithuanians. Why? Because they have a better public education than we Lithuanians. This proves that the parochial education alone without the public education does not uphold the morale of the people.

    In No. 44 of Lietuva Mr. Pazistamas replies to the article of Dr. Rev. Juodiszius in regard to our schools. He brought up the important question of having reliable Lithuanian ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 1 a, I A 2 a, I C