The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Lietuva -- April 27, 1900
    Lithuanian Banquet

    Westville, Ill. - On the 16th day of April, 1900, a banquet was held by the Lovers of Fatherland Society, local. There were many people at this banquet; the public was in a very pleasant mood; there were no disputes or fights. What is most important, at this banquet there was no beer or whiskey and for this reason the banquet remained orderly. There were no speeches because the speakers from other cities did not arrive. The clear profit was $38.70. The profit, as it was previously announced, was divided into four parts: $10 was sent to the central office of the Lovers of Fatherland Society; $10 to the martyrs in Siberia; and the balance of $8.70 was left to the local branch of the Lovers of Fatherland Society.

    It ought to be a duty of the Lithuanians of other cities to take our example and have festivals for the cultural benefit of all. By doing that we will uplift ourselves morally and culturally.

    W. S. Kreiwenas.

    Westville, Ill. - On the 16th day of April, 1900, a banquet was held by the Lovers of Fatherland Society, local. There were many people at this banquet; the public ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, I A 1 d, II D 10, I B 1
  • Lietuva -- September 06, 1901
    We Should Help the Students

    We lack educated people who could regain for us our nation and her honor. The clergy, for the education of its own class, has organized a society under the name of Motinele (Little Mother), the purpose of which is to help clerical students. They do not care and will not help the liberal students. Dr. Szliupas agreed to send one student every year to Columbus University, at his own expense. Such an effort on the part of Dr. Szliupas is a blessing to the Lithuanians. One of our good nationalists. Mr. V. Ambrozevicia from Newark, N. J., announced in Vienybe that a fund should be organized to help the Lithuanian students. The sponsor of this fund promised to pay $5 yearly for five years. The graduates may repay the loan as soon as possible.

    I support the project and will donate $5 as soon as the fund committee becomes organized. I think that such a committee should be separated from the influence or the control of any society, since an independent committee could work better and bring better results. In this committee, 2besides the treasurer there should be other people, in order to make the students fund committee stronger and more stable. We must be careful not to get the lower class of people for these scholarships.

    J. Naujokas

    Editor's note: We think there should be organized a reliable organization with branches in the various Lithuanian colonies. The branches should have agents to agitate and collect the money for the students' fund. One central committee could not accomplish much, but through the branches it would be possible to make a great progressive movement among the Lithuanians in America.

    We lack educated people who could regain for us our nation and her honor. The clergy, for the education of its own class, has organized a society under the name ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 1 d, I A 1 a
  • Lietuva -- February 07, 1902
    The Aurora Society

    It was announced in Lietuva before that in Chicago there was organized a society to help poor students who are attending schools. Now the society Auszra (Aurora) has obtained its charter.

    The purpose of this newly organized society is this: to help the young students who are seeking higher education, to prepare for the Lithuanian nation educated workers. The greatest attention must be paid to the students of art, music, song, painting, sculpture, architecture, natural science, etc. The above mentioned students will have first consideration over doctors, lawyers, etc., who after graduation can make a living, while the art students cannot after their graduation. The female students will be taken first into consideration.

    The society will help women, not only those who are seeking higher education, but those that are willing to learn common Lithuanian art, so that such women can teach others the common, ordinary, daily, house-hold arts.

    2

    The society will help not only students in America but also in Europe, so that such students in the future can benefit Lithuanianism.

    The student candidates appealing for aid will be investigated through confidential people before we decide to help them. The society's membership is divided into two parts: The first pays 5 initiation and 50 c per month, the second pays $1 initiation and 25 c per month. The rights of the members of both are equal; the officials of the society can be of Part I or of Part II.

    At present the society has in its treasury $23.75. As soon as we have 40 members in the society, we will present the stipend to a student attending school.

    The meetings are held on the first Sunday of the month. The next meeting will be held on March 2, at the drugstore of Mr. Graicziunas, 167 W. 18th St., at 7 P. M. We ask our brothers to come and join this society of high ideals. The members of this society can be women or men.

    3

    In the issue of last week the Tevyne stated approval of our society. At present we will not thank the newspaper Tevyne, because we have no confidence in that newspaper. This newspaper has no stable sympathy with any progressive cause. At one time that newspaper will uphold and support a certain cause, while the nest time, the same purpose which was highly praised, this newspaper denounces with great vituperation. Therefore, before giving thanks we will wait for a while. Really we should not envy each other.

    If there was no envy among us, we could accomplish twice as much, and there would be less disputes among us.

    The Auszra Society

    It was announced in Lietuva before that in Chicago there was organized a society to help poor students who are attending schools. Now the society Auszra (Aurora) has obtained its ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 1 d, I C, II B 2 d 1
  • Lietuva -- March 28, 1902
    By-Laws of the Aurora Society

    Purpose. The Aurora Society's purpose is to help Lithuanian students seeking higher education, so as to have Lithuanian intellectuals in every branch of science.

    Assistance. (1) Support will be given in the first place to those who after graduation cannot make a profitable living, as is the case with painters, musicians, students of natural science, philologists, etc. In the absence of such students, other students seeking higher education in other fields shall have the preference. Women will have the preference over men. Those exiled from the Fatherland for the cause of Lithuanianism, and who attend schools in foreign countries, shall be preferred to those attending schools in the Fatherland. (2) Only those students who are studying secular science will obtain support; ecclesiastical seminary students are excluded from this society. (3) Those with ability for certain 2trades and who are striving to learn them, as well as boys and girls studying in foreign countries, shall get help from the Aurora Society. (4) Of the candidates, the society will give preference to those who are known for their activities in behalf of Lithuanianism. (5) The stipend and other help given by the society to students shall not be considered as a donation, but as a loan. After graduation students shall return the money loaned to them, or refund may be made through writings in behalf of our nation.

    It is desirable that the graduates (who receive) aid from the Aurora Society make their abode in Lithuania, where they would be in a better position to work for the benefit of the country. Should conditions prevent the student from living in Lithuania, the Aurora Society shall not press this requirement.

    3

    Candidates desiring to get a stipend must apply to the society before the time of entrance to school, so that the society's officials have at least six months' time to investigate the applicant's qualifications.

    Assets. (1) The society's assets consist of membership dues, donations, and net proceeds from banquets, lectures, etc. (2) The society's capital, (a) Appropriation for aid to students and (b) this fund consists of monthly dues, donations, and other income. (Notice: The society accepts donations from members and non-members).

    Members. (1) Members may be of either sex. (2) Membership is divided into two classes: first class members pay $5 initiation fee and 50 cents monthly dues, second class members pay $1 initiation and 25 cents monthly dues. The initiation fee may be paid in a lump sum or on time; first class members 4may pay it in ten months, second class members in two months' time. First class members paying in full $120, and second class members paying $60, are exempted from further payments. (4) The rights of both first class and second class members, whether men or women, are equal. (5) In addition to the active members of sections I and II, there shall be honorary members. Honorary members shall be those who donate not less than $100 to the society. (6) The Lithuanians of Europe who are willing to join the Aurora Society can pay a ruble (sic), three marks, five francs, or 4 shillings for the American dollar.

    Magistracy. The society's magistracy consists of the president, the secretary and the treasurer. The treasurer must be under a bond of $1,000. (There are) also two trustees of the budget. The bond for the treasurer must be placed by two bondsmen, $500 each. The treasurer cannot keep 5more than $100 on him. When he has more than $100, the money must be deposited in the bank by the president, the secretary and the treasurer of the society. (2) The treasurer has no right to pay out money without the knowledge of the society's members. (3) The society's officials are elected by public vote. The officials have no special privilege; they just fulfill the decisions of the society; they cannot by their own will give financial help or a stipend to any student. The majority vote of the society's members decides to whom a stipend should be given. The officials are to get the necessary information about the applicant and fulfill everything that the society tells them to. (5) The central committee shall be elected for three years (It is desirable that the entire committee be elected from one city).

    The Aurora Society is the main branch, but it organizes locals all over the United States and in Europe.

    6

    Any misunderstanding among the members is taken up by the grievance committee of three members. This committee has full right to expel the guilty person from the society.

    Clusters. Clusters of the Aurora Society have full power. The cluster shall send the membership dues to the central treasurer, while the names of the members of the cluster and the account shall be sent to the financial secretary.

    (Translator's note: The sponsor of this Aurora Society is Dr. A. L. Graiciunas. When the first meeting was called, the following members were present: Dr. A. L. Graiciunas, Mr. Giriotas, J. Jancauskas, V. Miseika, J. Adomaitis (Szernas), editor of Lietuva, A. Lalis, author of a Lithuanian-English Dictionary. These men organized the above mentioned society. The society helped ten students in four years, paying $250 a year to each student.

    Purpose. The Aurora Society's purpose is to help Lithuanian students seeking higher education, so as to have Lithuanian intellectuals in every branch of science. Assistance. (1) Support will be given ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, I A 1 a, I A 1 d, III H, IV
  • Lietuva -- May 23, 1902
    Why We Wrong Each Other

    Our weakness comes from our unwillingness to organize all the Lithuanian energy for one national cause. Partisan views and lack of confidence do not permit us to work all together, and for this reason we are separated into various small groups working against each other's interests. When one organization is organized for a certain cause, others are immediately organized for a different cause in order to harm the existing organization, even though its purpose is similar to theirs. Such separate organizations cannot accomplish much. Why cannot we organize one organization of the various small clusters? Organized we could accomplish larger deeds than separated as we are at present.

    The Lovers of the Fatherland Society, in its by-laws, states that its purpose is to help the Lithuanian young students who are attending 2school, but up to the present time the society has accomplished nothing in that matter. There is a society, Motinele (Little Mother), but its leaders made this society one for clericals only. They do not want to make it one for the general public.

    In Chicago there was organized the Aurora Society, having as its purpose to help the Lithuanian students who are studying secular courses. The Svaigzde (Star) announced without any reason that the Aurora Society is against the Catholic faith. Since theology does not teach civil science, theology students are excluded from (receiving aid) from the society. The organizer of the Aurora Society did not have in mind to go against religion. The Aurora Society was organized because there was no organization to help students of secular subjects. At present the Lovers of the Fatherland Society says that it will also help secular students. Therefore, there will be two secular organizations having the same purpose. Both 3organizations are weak and cannot accomplish much. Is there not a way to make arrangements between these two societies so that they will not act against each other? There is a way if the Aurora Society would join the Lovers of the Fatherland Society, or vice versa. We are asking the Lithuanian public to decide this problem.

    The Aurora Society has $40 in its budget, and its membership is not increasing as it was expected. By having two societies with the same purpose, each will have too small a budget, and for this reason it will not be able to accomplish the desired results. There will be no results unless the Lithuanians understand the benefit of secular science to the public.

    It must be remembered that in Europe there exists a similar society, Ziburelis(Little Light). It would be much better if these three societies organize into one society. They could accomplish much more in America 4and in Europe for the benefit of the Lithuanian students taking civil and natural science.

    Our weakness comes from our unwillingness to organize all the Lithuanian energy for one national cause. Partisan views and lack of confidence do not permit us to work all together, ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, I A 1 a, I A 1 d, III C, III H
  • Lietuva -- June 06, 1902
    From the Aurora Society

    Last Sunday the Aurora Society held a meeting at the drugstore of Dr. Graiczunas, at which the following officers were elected:

    Dr. Graiczunas, President

    A. Lalis, Financial Secretary

    Szernas, Secretary

    Olszewski, Treasurer

    At this meeting it was decided to get in touch with the Ziburelis Society, which has the same aim in Europe as the Aurora Society, and with the Lovers of Fatherland Society in America, discuss various plans to make one strong organization instead of three small ones. Such small organizations cannot accomplish the desired results. At the same time all three 2societies, without knowing it, could be helping the same student, while other students in dire need and worthy of help get nothing.

    The Aurora Society received several applicants for help in their studies. They are worthy of help, but for lack of money we cannot help them. During the coming year we will be able to help only one Lithuanian daughter, to whom $10 a month will be donated.

    Money is very essential to this society. Therefore, it appeals to the Lithuanian public, asking them to donate to this great educational cause of our youth, who are seeking a higher education. You can help by donating or joining the society. It is desirable that a cluster be organized in every Lithuanian colony. The society has established a fund to help Lithuanian students, and it invites all to donate for this cause.

    3

    The names of the donators will be published in the newspapers. At present the society has $53. It is too small an amount for such a great cause.

    The Aurora Society.

    Last Sunday the Aurora Society held a meeting at the drugstore of Dr. Graiczunas, at which the following officers were elected: Dr. Graiczunas, President A. Lalis, Financial Secretary Szernas, Secretary ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, I A 1 a, I A 1 d, III H, IV
  • Lietuva -- September 12, 1902
    [Lietuva Readers Contribute to Student Fund]

    The Aurora Society which was organized to help the Lithuanian students held its meeting last Sunday evening. There were donations (and the) money sent to the Lietuva's office for the Lithuanian students was turned over to the Aurora Society. At present the society has $105.42.

    The Aurora Society which was organized to help the Lithuanian students held its meeting last Sunday evening. There were donations (and the) money sent to the Lietuva's office for the ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, I A 1 a, I A 1 d, III H
  • Lietuva -- September 18, 1902
    In the Affairs of the Aurora Society

    At the last meeting of the Aurora Society certain changes were made in its by-laws. Since it was difficult for many people to understand why the Aurora Society should have two sections, they refused to join the society. At the last meeting it was decided to annul the two sections and make the society a single body. From now on payments to the fund will be $1 initiation and 25 cents monthly dues. The fund is for the benefit of students who are seeking to study natural and civil science.

    In the office of Lietuva there was $20.17 of the Aurora's assets. For this purpose Mr. Sabonis, Lawrence, Mass., has collected $7.20; Mr. Rutkauskas donated 40 cents; at the Rev. Dilionis' speech in Philadelphia there was collected $1; Mr. Single donated 25 cents; the Lelewel Society of Scranton, Pa., $5 (Mr. Lelewel was a Prussian-Lithuanian and a well known historian. The Poles considered him to be a Pole, but he was not of Polish descent, but Lithuanian); Mr. J. Kazakevicze, $1; Rev. Deniski, $1.82; Mr. Vakrina, 50 cents; Mr. Mack,$2.

    2

    In replying to the donators we are asking to whom we should turn over the donated money. To donate to some other cause there is no money.

    It looks as though the money should be given to the Aurora Society, whose purpose is to help poor Lithuanian students. We are waiting for consent. Do you donate the money for the students?

    At the last meeting of the Aurora Society certain changes were made in its by-laws. Since it was difficult for many people to understand why the Aurora Society should have ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, I A 1 a, I A 1 d, III H, I C
  • Lietuva -- January 23, 1903
    The Most Important National Affairs

    How many times came to your mind, brothers, (the idea) of what is the strongest pillar of the nation? Everyone of us has a different idea of it. I think that the strongest pillar is science, because with the help of science nations stand higher in civilization and increase their wealth. Science brings fortune and power both to the individual and the nation. A nation which is able to understand the value of science can use it as a fundamental stone. A nation that holds science as the foundation of its existence will never be exterminated. We see that the high peak of civilization was won by men who took science as their foundation. The Jews understand the value of science, they go to school, they build scientific institutions, they organize charitable societies, they give assistance to poor students seeking higher education.

    What do we Lithuanians have? We have many churches and for every 100 people one priest for the extermination of sin.

    2

    Among our people we have many with great abilities who are anxious to obtain higher education and work for the nation and the good of society. We need more educated people, as only through them we can go forward and become equal to other highly civilized nations. Our misunderstanding and inertness is the cause that much of the flower of the Lithuanian youth withers away.

    With the intention of helping the poor Lithuanian students, the Aurora Society took the matter into its hands. It was organized by a few intelligent Lithuanians. The purpose of the Aurora Society is to help the poor Lithuanian students who are studying civil science. Can you, dear brothers, join with your donation or help get more members into the society? You should organize branches of the Aurora Society and ask your friends to join them. This worthy society was organized by secularists. Are you not glad when you read a book written by a secularist on natural science? After reading such a book you find who you are, and where you are. Brothers, join our ranks!

    R. Plunksna.

    How many times came to your mind, brothers, (the idea) of what is the strongest pillar of the nation? Everyone of us has a different idea of it. I think ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, I A 1 a, I A 1 d, III H, I C
  • Lietuva -- April 10, 1903
    [Offers Scholarship in Music or Art]

    The Aurora Society held its monthly meeting last Sunday at the drug store of Dr. Graicziunas. The most important decision of the society was to give a stipend to a student who is willing to study music or the arts. In reality, at present we have no Lithuanian student who is attending a conservatory of music or an academy of arts. As the Aurora Society has received no reply from such a student, therefore the society will advertise in the Lithuanian newspapers for Lithuanian boys or girls who would like to study music or arts. But such students must prove their ability in that line.

    The Aurora Society held its monthly meeting last Sunday at the drug store of Dr. Graicziunas. The most important decision of the society was to give a stipend to a ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 2, I A 1 a, I A 1 d, III H, IV