The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- December 12, 1892
    Remarks.

    November 30 we read in English paper "Chicago Daily News" a very important news. That the Senatorial Committee of the United States introduced a bill to stop European immigrants to America for the coming year; from March 1, 1893 to March 1, 1894. The causes for stopping the immigration is cholera. Americans are afraid that next year cholera will arise again in Europe, there is a fear that immigrants will infect America with cholera. This introduced bill would be very beneficial to the workers of this land. Americans despise those immigrants who cannot write nor read. Their opinion is such: unenlightened person, uneducated, is living like an animal. Man needs material and spiritual nourishment. He who does not eat cannot live, if you will not nourish your spirit by reading books and newspapers, which gives nourishment to your soul, then such a man is not fair to himself, weakens and impoverishes his own soul, and soul without spiritual work is lost. For this reason Americans build schools, print books, publish large quantities of newspapers, which enlighten the man and the enlightened man morally reared will not become criminal.

    The United States statistics show that the great majority of robbers, thieves and all kinds of criminals are from the uneducated class of people.

    Therefore. for this reason the United States is thinking to issue a new statute against such immigrants of Europe. The new statutes are as follows:

    2

    If a person between 12 to 55 years of age cannot write or read the native language, if married and head of a family, and not having $100.00 will not be allowed to enter United States land, besides this, must have an affidavit from the ambassador of the United States.

    Brothers Lithuanians! We have been speaking to you many times, we did ask and beg you to take out citizen papers, which is of great value to you. Here is what the government can do to those who have no citizen papers: it can send them to such a place where there are very few inhabitants, or unhealthy climate, or if you disobey to such government's attempt, you will be send back to the old country like a prisoner.

    By seeing that the immigration statutes of the United States are changing every year, brothers Lithuanians, we must take in consideration for ourselves that by lack of knowledge of laws, we may get very easily into trouble. Now is the time to bring over our relatives and friends. If you are thinking to remain in America, take out citizen papers without any delay.

    We will help our countryman with courtesy and devotion. Come to our printing shop "Lietuva," at 567 W. 18th St., and we will help you in whatever you need. Do not think, countrymen, that we are doing wrong to you, we are doing this for your sake and Lithuanianism.

    November 30 we read in English paper "Chicago Daily News" a very important news. That the Senatorial Committee of the United States introduced a bill to stop European immigrants to ...

    Lithuanian
    III G, I A 1 a, III A, I M
  • Lietuva -- February 04, 1893
    Lithuanian Churches in America

    The prophecy of G. Wiastelianskas is fulfilled. He said that when there were many priests among Lithuanians in America, then the exploitation of Lithuanians would be in full swing.

    The priest wants to build a church as soon as there are few Lithuanians. But when Lithuanians build their church, the priest assigns the church to a bishop. So the bishop has the church and Lithuanians pay the debt and the debt increases every year. The more go to church, the more they are duped. Lithuanians become slaves of the priest, live a miserable life, hope for no better life, except after death.

    We need no church, we need schools, education. The only way to give education and culture to Lithuanians is through education. We need teachers to teach natural science but not dogmas.

    Why do our priests not open schools? Why don't they educate the people? The priest wants to exploit but not educate his people. When people are ignorant the priest exploits them and lives a dissolute life. The sooner the Lithuanian will convert churches into schools the sooner they will make progress and will improve their own living conditions.

    The prophecy of G. Wiastelianskas is fulfilled. He said that when there were many priests among Lithuanians in America, then the exploitation of Lithuanians would be in full swing. The ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I A 1 a, I A 2 a
  • Lietuva -- March 11, 1893
    New Miracles in Chicago

    There is in Chicago an ex-monk who is going among Lithuanians and selling pieces of the Holy Mother's skirt, and Christ's nails. Many simple-minded Lithuanians are buying these frauds as relics of Christ and his mother. But when we began to question the monk about the truth of those relics, we forced him to admit that the nails are not Christ's, and that the skirt is not from the Holy Mother's skirt.

    Brothers, Lithuanians, we need education but not relics when we are educated nobody will fool us with all kinds of relics.

    There is in Chicago an ex-monk who is going among Lithuanians and selling pieces of the Holy Mother's skirt, and Christ's nails. Many simple-minded Lithuanians are buying these frauds as ...

    Lithuanian
    I B 4, I A 1 a, III C
  • Lietuva -- March 11, 1893
    Our Devoted Women

    Speaks about the devoted Lithuanian women, that they do not live by their honest labor but on donations from their fanatic brothers. That such devotees are opposed to the good of society. That in order to get rid of such a devotee, we must have education and education can be obtained by reading good books and newspapers.

    Our nation and ourselves can be uplifted from the darkness by education. Therefore, sisters, devote your time to reading good literature.

    Baniuta, the daughter of Lithuania.

    Speaks about the devoted Lithuanian women, that they do not live by their honest labor but on donations from their fanatic brothers. That such devotees are opposed to the good ...

    Lithuanian
    I K, I A 1 a
  • Lietuva -- October 06, 1894
    About the Lithuanian School

    It was announced in Lietuva about the Lithuanian evening school. Rev. Krauczunas also announced in the church about the necessity and the benefit to Lithuanians to have such a school, so the last Monday evening two hundred Lithuanians came to the school on 31st St. The school supervisor was surprised that so many Lithuanians came to school. The schoolroom was too small for such a big crowd of Lithuanians. The supervisor never thought that so many Lithuanians would come to the evening school. Because the schoolroom was too small, there was no school that evening. Now they will give a larger schoolroom for Lithuanians. It will take one week to get that room ready. Next week the evening school will start in a larger room. Therefore brother Lithuanians do not slumber educate yourselves, learn the English language, without education, without knowing the English language, a man is not worth even one cent.

    The teacher will be W.Zaharewiczia. He knows both English and Lithuanian languages fluently.

    It was announced in Lietuva about the Lithuanian evening school. Rev. Krauczunas also announced in the church about the necessity and the benefit to Lithuanians to have such a school, ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 1 a, I A 3
  • Lietuva -- September 03, 1897
    The Most Important Affair of Ours

    Nobody will dispute that the most important thing to the Lithuanians in America is the Lithuanian schools. It is the only institution that can uplift the intellect of our brothers and inspire our children with the Lithuanian spirit.

    In other countries we are prohibited our own Lithuanian schools. Do we have in this broad territory of America, a school that would answer our purpose? We do not know of such a school. This shows that we do not care to fulfill our most important duty. We do not know how to use the liberty which we have in this country.

    Until there is a school for Lithuanians in this country, we do not need to prophesy what future there is for us. By the way we have the parish schools but the benefit is very small, because they have no suitable teachers.

    2

    The pupils after being in school two years can hardly read Lithuanian, when a good teacher could teach them in one year to read and write perfect Lithuanian. How can we expect our children to learn Lithuanian when the teachers themselves do not know enough of the Lithuanian language?

    If we cannot improve the parish schools, let the Lithuanian Alliance of America establish Lithuanian schools independent of church. This is a very important problem. We think if we could have at least one such a school in America we could get support from the Lithuanian intellectuals of Europe, because such a school would benefit not only the Lithuanians in this country but the Lithuanian nation as a whole. Do you think we cannot accomplish this important object? We would like to hear from other Lithuanian newspapers what they have to say on this important proposition.

    Nobody will dispute that the most important thing to the Lithuanians in America is the Lithuanian schools. It is the only institution that can uplift the intellect of our brothers ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 1 a, I A 2 a, I C
  • Lietuva -- April 15, 1898
    We Need the Light (Editorial-Summary)

    We need the light, science, this word is understood by every one, and yet we find by our own experience that the people, as a rule are afraid of education, even some of our leaders are trying their best to keep out the light of education from the unenlightened people. Education is not dangerous, but is essential at every step in our life. We are receiving letters from our readers, that the priests are denouncing those people who are reading newspapers and books of science; that education is dangerous, etc.

    We hardly can believe that the priests would go against the enlightenment of the people, that the priests would try to stop the people from reading newspapers and scientific books. We cannot understand how the priests can say that enlightenment is dangerous for religious people. Even religious people need enlightenment. How, then, are we to uplift materially the life of Lithuanians? Even a common laborer requires education. Why - the Swedes, the Germans, the Frenchmen... are paid better because they are more educated, 2enlightened people than the Lithuanians! The Lithuanians, the Poles, the Italians, are working for cheaper pay because they are uneducated and unenlightened people.

    We Lithuanians and other unenlightened people have no influence in America. Even on election day the politicians are taking crowds of unenlightened people to the polls, because the politicians get the benefit, while the voters get contempt and humiliation.

    In Chicago there are over ten thousand Lithuanians. We have a Lithuanian parish school, but only thirty pupils are attending it. In Illinois, education is compulsory, and yet, the majority of Lithuanians are not sending their children to school, where education is free.

    We could have in Chicago a Lithuanian school at the expense and under the control of the government, and yet, we have no such school because 3we do not care for education and for the future of our children. Do not forbid your children from attending public schools. No matter what kind of a school it is, there is always enlightenment and education. Now, no matter what kind of education it is, it is always better than darkness.

    We need the light, science, this word is understood by every one, and yet we find by our own experience that the people, as a rule are afraid of education, ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 1 a, I B 4, III C, I C
  • Lietuva -- October 28, 1898
    Why Are the Chicago Lithuanian on Such a Low Level?

    In Chicago there are about 12,000 Lithuanians. It looks to every one of us that such a number of Lithuanians ought to stand, morally and materially, on a very high plane. If they would donate one cent each, it would be $120; if each would give one dollar, then it would be $12,000.

    Then they could have schools, libraries, halls, where they could have lectures, present stage plays, hold national celebrations, enlighten themselves, educate themselves, build themselves up morally, intellectually, and materially. That is how it looks when we are looking at this matter from outside. But when we observe close the Chicago Lithuanians, we see an entirely different picture. When we glimpse into their material combination, we find only few that own their small houses, several saloons, and few other insignificant business establishments, and that is all.

    2

    Previously the Lithuanians were boasting that they had their own church, the parish hall, and school, because all that has been built with their own money. But now they found out that the said church property does not belong to them because it belongs to the Bishop. Now, when the parishioners wanted to hold their meeting they were forced to hire the hall from Rev. Krawczunas. And that the programs must pass through the censor of the Bishop's agent, who censors according to his sympathy and antipathy. It shows that the Chicago Lithuanians have no institution of their own.

    Let us glimpse into the enlightenment of Lithuanians and their morality. Of the 12,000 Lithuanians we may find about 300 readers of newspapers. What are the others doing? When they come home from work they go to a saloon, where they spend all evening drinking, and when they get drunk they are fighting and then go to court. While others are drinking in their homes and playing cards and fighting, and then the last resort is the court. During the summer, the windows of their houses are open 3and when you walk on the street by a Lithuanian house, you can hear how the drunkards are cursing, swearing, singing and fighting. Americans are holding Lithuanians for wild men.

    Who caused the Lithuanians to fall so low? It is easy to understand. In whom the Lithuanians believe, they listen to him, they are following his example, and learning his morality. While our Lithuanians believe only in the priest they are learning the moral conduct of their priest. Our priest has prohibited to Lithuanians to read the newspapers; for reading the newspapers he will give no absolution at confession. Instead of reading the books our priest established a holy saloon at the church fair, where every Sunday from noon until 12 o'clook at night, the Lithuanians are drinking, oursing, vomiting and they are accomplishing other "great deeds" in the church. And as a fitting climax they end with a fight to the glory of God and for the benefit of the priest. Through the anxiety of our spiritual leader, at night time, the churchyard becomes 4a real slough. It is not enough that the Lithuanians are ignoramuses and awkward in reading, that in one hundred hardly two or three read the newspapers, that our priest not only denounces the readers, but he drags them to his "holy saloon." "Come here, you faithful Catholics, I see that you are fools, squander here your last intellect, and give me your last cent.

    In the last number of Lietuva we mentioned what happened with the annual celebration of the scientific society of Simonas Daukantas, whose members are the publisher of Lietuva and Rev. Krawczuncas. When this society intended to hold its annual celebration this year, then our little priest was struck, as with terror, that the parishioners at the celebration meeting might start to discuss the affairs of the parish budget, and the parish school. The priest said that he would not give the parish hall without seeing the list of the speakers. When the committee did not know 5who the speakers were going to be at the celebration meeting, the society had to call an extra meeting in order to decide on the speakers.

    The society consists of 80 members, but at this meeting there were 25 members, and Rev. Krawczunas himself. Our priest, at this meeting, was burdened with a confused mind and he was hardly able to stand on his feet. When the motion was brought at the meeting to elect the speakers by majority vote, Rev. Krawczunas protested and and said, "Not only by majority vote, but even if the speakers were unanimously elected, I will not permit them to speak. All the undesirables I will chase them out from the hall." Then the priest read a letter which was written by the publisher of Lietuva to Anton Kalasauskas. Rev. Krawczunas in his own lying version was trying to explain the letter; that Anton Olszewski wrote the letter and was inducing the wife of A. Kalasauskas to Quit him. Then the priest demanded to throw Olszewski out from the society as a family breaker.

    6

    Then the publisher of Lietuva answered the priest that Mr. Kalasauskas wrote letters to A. Olszewski, and stated in that letter that Rev. Krawozunas, at the confession box asked the young wife of Mr. Kalasauszkas to leave her husband. And that Olszewski wrote a reply to the letter of Mr. Kalasauskas, instructing him what he ought to do with such a priest. The publisher of Lietuva proved that the priest was lying and said, "If you throw me out for this letter from this society, the priest must be thrown out first, because at the confession the priest was urging a young woman to quit her husband."

    It is a fact that Rev. Krawozunas was trying to persuade at the confession the young wife of a Lithuanian to quit her husband. These people are living in Chicago, and they are telling to everybody what doggishness Rev. Krawozunas is doing in Chicago. When the publisher of Lietuva told that the priest was persuading young wives to quit their husbands, Rev.

    7

    Krawczunas get so mad that he, with his followers, attacked A. 01-szewski, shut off the lights, and when only by chance Obszewski escaped, then the priest attacked the typesetters, and the followers of the priest jumped on them like mad dogs. At such hellish turmoil the annual celebration of the scientific society was terminated.

    Now, beloved brothers, you see why the Chicago Lithuanians are on such low level. No wonder that the Chicago Lithuanians know notheing better to he drinking and fighting, because their spiritual leader Rev. Krawczunas teaches them that. The Lithuanians listen to nobody, they listen to the priest, and do what the priest tells them to do. He teaches them drunkenness by setting a bad example, at the confession he urges the wives to quit their husbands, always lies like a shameless person, at the meetings he starts the fights, he squandered many thousands of dollars of the parish money. Therefore, the Lithuanians began to imitate the conduct of their own priest, and no wonder that they are 8fighting and drinking like their spiritual father. Perhaps, to punish the Chicago Lithuanians, God gave them such unfit spiritual leader and teacher of morality.

    In Chicago there are about 12,000 Lithuanians. It looks to every one of us that such a number of Lithuanians ought to stand, morally and materially, on a very high ...

    Lithuanian
    III C, I C, I B 4, I B 1, I A 1 a, IV
  • Lietuva -- November 25, 1898
    Important Question

    In No. 44 of Lietuva Mr. Pazistamas replies to the article of Dr. Rev. Juodiszius in regard to our schools. He brought up the important question of having reliable Lithuanian teachers for the Lithuanian schools. If the rich Lithuanians or priests or business people could agree among themselves to send a few good Lithuanian students to schools, where they could get proper education in normal schools, then they would be much better teachers than the Polish nuns.

    This is a very important question, if the well-to-do Lithuanians would give a small part of their money for the benefit of Lithuanians. If they would start, then others, the workers, no doubt would donate as much as they could for this great cause of Lithuanian schools.

    At one time we heard from Mr. A. L. Graiczunas that the Lithuanian rector of Chicago had told him that the priests had their convention in Pennsylvania, that the clergy at this convention decided not to help the 2Lithuanian students in secular education. We hardly can believe that the Lithuanian clergy would decide against secular education because without the intellectuals educated in secular institutions it will be impossible to uplift Lithuanianism. Besides religious education among Lithuanians there must be public education too, because at present one can hardly get a place for a spiritual leader among Lithuanians.

    We do not understand why the clergy are against the secular education. There is a broad field for parochial and public education. There is a lot of work for both. Why obstruct enlightenment of the people. The Lithuanians are suffering from lack of intellectuality.

    The spiritual leaders further say that the church is upholding the morale of the people. We agree with that. Yet, from the practical point of view we see that the church does not uplift nor enforce the morale of the people. We know that the Lithuanian Catholic churches never have been 3filled with the people. That the morality of the churchgoers is not improving, that the drunkenness is not on decrease but on the increase. We see among other nations that their churches are crowded with the people to capacity, and their morale is higher than among the Lithuanians. Why? Because they have a better public education than we Lithuanians. This proves that the parochial education alone without the public education does not uphold the morale of the people.

    In No. 44 of Lietuva Mr. Pazistamas replies to the article of Dr. Rev. Juodiszius in regard to our schools. He brought up the important question of having reliable Lithuanian ...

    Lithuanian
    I A 1 a, I A 2 a, I C
  • Katalikas -- January 12, 1899
    Editorial

    If we look upon the lives of the Lithuanians living in Lithuania and also American Lithuanians, we will see a great difference between these Lithuanians. In Lithuania, the Russian government forbade the people to teach the Lithuanian language, publish books, newspapers and reading. Russian government used every means possible to spread Russian faith and abolish Catholic faith, and Lithuanian language. However, the people of Lithuania decided to suffer Russian cruel persecution than to denounce their native language and Catholic faith. Lithuanian people determined to bring up their children under Catholic faith and teach them at least the catechism in their native language; notwithstanding the consequences of Russian cruel persecution. Parents had to teach their children prayers and reading secretly and under the most difficult conditions. It was a most pathetic situation for the people, who wanted to teach their children and they were not permitted even elementary education in their native language.

    In American every one has a equal opportunity to educate themselves and read all the good books they want to.

    2

    However it is heart breaking to see Lithuanian parents neglecting their children's education, especially here in America, where there is a golden opportunity for every child to attain the highest education. It is very pathetic to see Lithuanian children on the streets; doing absolutely nothing, wasting their valuable time, not accomplishing anything worth while, when their time could be used for educational purposes, for example, in learning the Lithuanian language. Lithuanian parents come to this country to earn a few cents and improve their life and conditions in general. However they should remember also to bring their children up according to the Catholic faith; teach them catechism, prayers and other things, so that the children may lead clean lives. Teach your children according to the laws of the Catholic Church if you want to receive grace of our Lord, then you can expect something worthwhile from your children. Do it same as this picture shows; teach your children to read the Lithuanian language and teach them the Holy Catholic faith; for this will show them in whom to believe and how to live clean lives. Teach your children not only theory but also behavior and parents conduct has an influence upon 3their children. Very often children remember things in later years, they recall good deeds as well as bad deeds of their parents and some things they remember the rest of their lives. But, if you teach your children to bring beer from the saloon and let them spend their time on the streets in bad company, you can't expect much from your children, only sorrow and tears in your old age. Your child will not love you and he will not help when you become old and helpless if he does not fear God and revered the Catholic church. Therefore, we must teach our children not only general education but also teach them how to conduct themselves as good citizens. Teaching your children general education is not enough; we must also consider their environment.

    Parents must caution their children not to associate with bad company. They must use every means to create a good environment for their children; because the environment has a great influence upon the child's mind. Only through a good environment parents can mold the character of their 4child. Discourage your children to associate with those who don't believe in the doctrines of our holy church. If you know a neighbor who is sick with some contagious disease, would you allow your children to visit them? Wouldn't you caution your children not to visit the sick neighbors? Yes, you caution your children.

    Disease destroys the child's body, but bad friends kill your child spiritually. This is warning to parents not to allow their children to read books and newspapers which are against the faith of Catholic church. For example, if you had a bottle filled with poison, you would warn your child not to touch it. It is a well known fact that if you had a healthy mind, you will never give a drink from this bottle to your child. Bed books and newspapers have about the same effect as poison, kills the faith of the Catholic church and morality.

    To guard yourselves and your children against all evils and immorality, you must not read those books and newspapers which are against the faith 5of the Catholic Church. You, Lithuanian mothers, don't wish to make your children ungodly, immoral and criminals, do you? I do not believe you wish that. Therefore, make every effort, even though you have a lot of work to do, you must find time to teach your children; because, at the end you will have a satisfaction, happiness and reward for your efforts. You should not be afraid to sacrifice a little of your effort and a few cents for the enlightening of your children and your efforts will not be in vain.

    Akmenis.

    If we look upon the lives of the Lithuanians living in Lithuania and also American Lithuanians, we will see a great difference between these Lithuanians. In Lithuania, the Russian government ...

    Lithuanian
    I B 3 b, I A 1 a, I A 2 a, III C, I B 1