The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Jewish Advance -- November 15, 1878
    Sabbath Schools by Ben Adam

    Four or five of our congregations have Sabbath schools where efficient teachers, paid or voluntary, are working. The rest, especially the Polish congregations, would rather spend a lot of money for a cantor or a shohet than spend any money to hire a teacher to instruct their children. They are charitable and generous toward strangers, and are very anxious to support theological students in the Yeshivoth of Volozhin "for the sake of the Torah," but neglect the education of their own children.

    Four or five of our congregations have Sabbath schools where efficient teachers, paid or voluntary, are working. The rest, especially the Polish congregations, would rather spend a lot of money ...

    Jewish
    I C, II B 2 f, III C, III H
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 18, 1881
    B'nai Brith

    The annual convention of district six of the Order of B'nai Brith is in session here now. Mr. Amberg presided at yesterday's meeting.....A report was given by the committee on the erection of agricultural schools and the purchase of farms for distribution among needy Jews.....Mr. Klein proposed to supply the committee with the necessary funds so that they could carry on the work, otherwise no satisfactory results can be obtained. The committee in charge of the project will thus be able to give a more extensive report on this subject next year. Mr. Rich pledged a sum of $100 for this purpose, whereupon Mr. C. Rubowitz proposed that every member of the Order should be taxed fifty cents annually, which sum will create the necessary fund.

    This suggestion aroused violent opposition, however, because the obligations of the members are almost too heavy already. It was finally agreed that a committee of five members should be named to go ahead as best they could under the existing circumstances.....

    2

    Mr. H. C. Mitchell of Chicago submitted a minority report with regard to the admission of Russian, Lithuanian, and Polish Jews into the Order. His report recommended the admission of those Jews. Messrs. Henry Greenebaum, George Braham of Chicago, and Harry Schwimmer of Quincy, found the request of those groups of Jews to establish a new lodge of the B'nai Brith reasonable, and brought the subject up for discussion, even though the Central Executive Board rejected the request.....A lengthy debate ensued as to whether or not permission should be given for the establishment of a new lodge; Mr. C. Salomon of Chicago protested energetically against such a procedure. Nor did Mr. Engel approve, because, as he explained, the Polish and Russian Jews lack education and in addition are rather superstitious.....Mr. A. W. Rich of Milwaukee suggested as a step forward in this controversy, that evening schools should be established before the application of these Jews was granted, so that some of their ignorance could be eliminated.

    But in opposition to Mr. Rich, Charles Kozminski pleaded for the admission of the Russian, Lithuanian, and Polish Jews, emphasizing their decency and respect 3for the law. Dr. B. Felsenthal was of the same opinion, and compared the Order B'nai Brith to a locked drug store, surrounded by sick patients awaiting relief for their suffering. The organization should not deprive these people of educational opportunities by insisting on such barriers. Such restrictions would indicate a narrow-mindedness foreign to the Jewish race. Mr. Henry Greenebaum then addressed the convention describing the existing conditions. He also produced and read letters, written by the finest representatives of the Jewish people, unanimously advocating the equality of all Jews. He concluded his speech by asking: "Is it the purpose of this meeting to inspire an anti-Semitic movement in Chicago?"

    This was emphatically denied by the assembly. Mr. Rosenfels of St. Paul was, nevertheless, of the opinion that these Jews are Orthodox in their belief; they know nothing of cleanliness, and are personally repulsive. Therefore, every lodge of the Order B'nai Brith should be permitted to decide for itself whether or not to accept these Jews as members of the respective lodge.....The Chicago lodges of the Order honored the delegates to the convention by giving them a 4banquet at the Sherman House in the evening. It developed into a lively affair after the one hundred and ninety honored guests forgot their differences of opinion and joined in the merrymaking--after the strenuous hours of work at the session. Of course, the custom of speeches on such occasions was adhered to.....

    The toast to "The Race" was answered by Dr. Emil G. Hirsch. He spoke of Judaism and its two offspring, Christianity and Mohammedanism. He spoke of the persecution of the Jews and of the liberality of Belgium, which gave the Jews equal rights. Belgium's example was followed by France and also Germany. The recent anti-Semitic wave in Germany was mentioned in Dr. Hirsch's address. The gala evening ended with a ball.

    The annual convention of district six of the Order of B'nai Brith is in session here now. Mr. Amberg presided at yesterday's meeting.....A report was given by the committee on ...

    Jewish
    III B 4, III B 2, III H, I C, IV
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 24, 1881
    [Plan to Aid Agriculture in Palestine]

    A well attended Jewish meeting took place yesterday to discuss a plan to assist Jews engaged in agriculture in Palestine. The speakers were Rev. Stampfer, a proud Magyar by birth, who lived in Jerusalem since his early childhood; Dr. Hirsch, and Dr. Felsenthal. The meeting was opened by Mr. Peabody. The lecturers, Dr. Felsenthal, Rev. Stampfer, and Dr. Grossman, spoke about conditions in Palestine, giving special emphasis to the pressure to which the Israelites are subjected there. This was followed by a proposal to found a society for the support of those engaged in agricultural work in Palestine.

    Mr. Peabody was elected President, Mr. Henry Greenebaum, Vice-President; and Dr. Felsenthal, Secretary of the new organization.

    A well attended Jewish meeting took place yesterday to discuss a plan to assist Jews engaged in agriculture in Palestine. The speakers were Rev. Stampfer, a proud Magyar by birth, ...

    Jewish
    III H, II B 2 g, I L, IV
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- July 14, 1881
    Jews Hold Council

    The Union of Jewish Communities of America held its session again yesterday forenoon at ten o'clock in Standard Hall. After attending to preliminary business the local rabbis extended an invitation to the delegates to take a coach trip and see the city. A lengthy debate ensued about the executive board's recommendation to raise half a million dollars for a Jewish college. Various delegates were of the opinion that the institution should be located in New York, and others believed it made no difference whether such a college was in New York, New Orleans, Cincinnati, or any other city, as long as it served as a university for rabbis throughout the United States. Finally the resolution was adopted to procure the money, but the problems of how to raise it, and where the institution should be located, were referred to the executive board for decision.

    In the afternoon session the chairman of the special committee read a detailed account of the persecution of Jews in Russia, whereupon a committee 2was appointed to raise money and to offer asylum in America to the banished people of Russia as well as to those who had fled. In order to facilitate emigration from Russia Mr. Abraham sought support from the many secret Jewish organizations.

    A. W. Rich considered the immigration and settlement question an important issue, which from the historical standpoint may become as significant as the exodus from Egypt. He was of the opinion that the secret organizations should help procure for every Jewish immigrant a completely equipped farm of a hundred acres, including livestock, in Nebraska or Kansas, exempt from payments of any kind for seven years, since thereby it would be possible for the settler to become a self-supporting landowner within a short time.

    The Union of Jewish Communities of America held its session again yesterday forenoon at ten o'clock in Standard Hall. After attending to preliminary business the local rabbis extended an invitation ...

    Jewish
    III B 4, II D 10, I A 2 a, III C, III G, III H, I L
  • [Association documents] -- March 25, 1886
    Sinai Congregation, Executive Board Minutes

    It was resolved, in connection with Dr. Hirsch's allusion to the Alliance Israelite Universelle, that the Board recommend to the annual meeting, that the sum of 1000 francs (or $200) be voted to the said laudable association.

    It was resolved, in connection with Dr. Hirsch's allusion to the Alliance Israelite Universelle, that the Board recommend to the annual meeting, that the sum of 1000 francs (or $200) ...

    Jewish
    III H, III G
  • Svornost -- August 15, 1892
    [Bohemian Jews Form Association]

    Bohemian Israelites held a meeting Saturday in Alois Straka's Hall at Brown and 20th Streets. The purpose of the meeting was to create a local Bohemian Israel Branch of Alma Mater for schools in Bohemia. The session was conducted by Mr. Ed. Wintarnitz, and he was elected temporary chairman, Adolf Sabath, Secretary, and Wm. Loefler, Alderman of the 8th ward as bookkeeper.

    Mr. J. Hajek, in a lengthy well-prepared speech, explained to those present the purpose of the Alma Mater, its struggle with the German element in Bohemia and the need of considerable material support. Mr. Mandel and Mr. Winternitz also spoke along the same lines. The meeting then proceeded to the election of regular officers with the following results:- A. Mandel, Vice Chairman, J. Hajek, Secretary, H Schultz, Bookkeeper, Wm. Loefler, Treasurer, E. Kahn, S. Brumlik, and Alois Straka, the managing committee. Besides the above, there was elected a central committee of seven members.

    The organization took the name of Association of Bohemian Jews to support the Alma Mater in Bohemia. The chairman of the local Association of 2Central Alma Mater for schools in Bohemia, Mr. Kralovec, sent a long letter to the meeting, praising the noble idea of the Bohemian Israelites and extending a hearty welcome to them as cooperative workers.

    A total of twenty-eight persons joined as charter members at Saturday's meeting and it was agreed that anyone who joined at the next meeting would also be considered a charter member. The meeting was attended by a total of 40 members.

    The next meeting will be held one week after the coming Wednesday.

    Bohemian Israelites held a meeting Saturday in Alois Straka's Hall at Brown and 20th Streets. The purpose of the meeting was to create a local Bohemian Israel Branch of Alma ...

    Jewish
    III H, IV, IV
  • Record-Herald -- January 28, 1905
    Break with Russia

    Immediate severance of all diplomatic relations between the governments of the United States and Russia was urged by Dr. Emil G. Hirsch in his lecture at Temple Israel last night. Dr. Hirsch declared that economic conditions should not stand in the way of an open break with Russia and that international law should at once inaugurate a principle withholding the recognition of all governments from "a nation denying the inalienable rights of its subjects."

    "Until Russia agrees to give to her people the justice that is theirs by right divine, our government should sever all diplomatic relations with her," said Dr. Hirsch.

    "The United States has a right to do this, and I believe will do it. The consequences of Russian despotism are felt in this country when millions of Russian Jews and Russian Lutherans are driven here every year. We should demand justice. Our mission is higher than to be merely a supplier of iron and steel to Russia.

    "I believe there will soon be an international law that no nation can deny the inalienable 2rights of its people without forfeiting the consideration of all other nations."

    Dr. Hirsch compared the Russian revolutionists with the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and declared that they were merely demanding what the heroes of the American Revolution died for. The signers of the Declaration, he remarked, would have been called anarchists as are the Russian people, had England succeeded in hanging them.

    "If Christ should come to Russia, He would not be allowed to enter because He was a Jew," he said.

    "The immoral officials have turned the churches into dens of thieves and they think they are safe because He who threw the thieves out of the temple cannot pass the Russian frontier since He is of the race of Abraham."

    Immediate severance of all diplomatic relations between the governments of the United States and Russia was urged by Dr. Emil G. Hirsch in his lecture at Temple Israel last night. ...

    Jewish
    III B 1, III H, I C
  • Record-Herald -- December 04, 1905
    Jew's Day of Sorrow

    Reformed and orthodox Jews in all parts of the world to-day will join in commemorating by prayer and fasting and special services in synagogue and temple the slaughter of 15,000 and maiming of 100,000 Jews in the recent massacres in Russia. In the United States the observance of the memorial day will follow a form prescribed by the central conference of American rabbis. In many respects it will be the service and prayers for the dead prescribed more than 4,000 years ago. It will include the intoning by the cantors of the 44th Psalm and the 5th chapter of the Lamentations of Jeremiah and the prayers repeated at Yom Kippur.

    Business To Be Suspended

    At the Reformed temples special song service will mark the commemoration as well. Union memorial services will be held at 8 o'clock this evening at Isaiah Temple on the South Side and at the Temple Anshe Emeth on the North Side. At the former the services will be conducted by Dr. Joseph Stolz. The speakers will be Dr. E. G. Hirsch, Dr. Tobias Schanfarber, Dr. A. Yudelson, Dr. Abram Hirschberg and Dr. A. J. Messing. At Temple Anshe Emeth the speakers will be Dr. S. H. Bauer and Dr. Emanual Schreiber.

    2

    On the West Side among the orthodox Jews the commemoration will begin at 2 o'clock this afternoon. All Jewish shops, stores, and factories in the district between Canal and Robey streets and Madison and 18th streets will be closed from 2 until 6 P. M. In thirty five orthodox Jewish synagogues on the West Side special services will be held from 2 o'clock until 6. Besides the religious worship there will be speeches by orthodox rabbis, pastors of the Reformed temples and by laymen.

    Reformed and orthodox Jews in all parts of the world to-day will join in commemorating by prayer and fasting and special services in synagogue and temple the slaughter of 15,000 ...

    Jewish
    III H, I B 4
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- January 03, 1907
    A Notable Introduction

    The great rabbi and orator, Abraham Negnevitsky, a brother of the great rabbi, Isaac Elhanan Negnevitsky, who is a rabbi in Minneapolis, Minnesota, is here in Chicago. Rabbi Abraham Negnevitsky is the representative of the Kovno Theological College and has come here to collect the annual donations for the holy Yeshivah [theological college] which has produced so many great Jewish scholars and rabbis for the whole world.

    We hope that the Jews of Chicago who are well acquainted with this holy project will do everything possible to extend a most hearty welcome to this worthy and honored visitor. The address of our visitor is 94 Johnson Street.

    The great rabbi and orator, Abraham Negnevitsky, a brother of the great rabbi, Isaac Elhanan Negnevitsky, who is a rabbi in Minneapolis, Minnesota, is here in Chicago. Rabbi Abraham Negnevitsky ...

    Jewish
    III H, II D 10
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- February 03, 1907
    (No headline)

    Slobotka Yeshiva Representative.

    The renowned Rabbi and lecturer, Markus Machuna Kosowsky, representative of the Slobotka Yeshiva, is in Chicago collecting funds. That is, he is here on a mission of gathering in the annual donations for the great holy Knesseth Israel of the Yeshiva of Slobotka. This Yeshiva is supported by some of the greatest Jewish philanthropists and geniuses of Europe. We are sure that the Jews of Chicago will welcome Mr. Kosowsky and contribute liberally to this holy cause.

    The address of Mr. Kosowsky is 422 W. 14th St.

    Slobotka Yeshiva Representative. The renowned Rabbi and lecturer, Markus Machuna Kosowsky, representative of the Slobotka Yeshiva, is in Chicago collecting funds. That is, he is here on a mission of ...

    Jewish
    III H