The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Reform Advocate -- April 24, 1891
    [Patriots at Elections]

    Dr. Hirsch spoke last week at theAda Street Methodist Church, on "Patriotism" . The building was packed to the utmost capacity with the regular members of the church and visitors from other congregations.

    Rev. Dr. Brushingham, Pastor of the church, introduced the speaker, and Dr. Hirsch was greeted with applause when he took the stand. In his address he said: "April is a fitting month for me to address you on the subject of patriotism, as that month recalls many heroic deeds. Thomas Jefferson was born in that month. It was in that month the first battle for liberty was fought by the American people, and the month has been marked by victory in the history of our country".

    2

    "There are different kinds of patriotism; one is the kind which shows itself in making a loud noise, shouting and firing a cannon. But a true patriot must do more than march in torch-light processions and march to music. Patriotism is often silent but steadily at work. The true patriot does his duty without calling attention to it. Then there is the patriot for revenue and office. He has a disreputable character and it is too often observed. A nation is fortunate which has honest people for office seekers. One great reason given for refusal by business men to go into politics is that it hurts their business. Then some go into politics as a business. The only way to have an honest government is to have the offices so organized that the professional office-seekers will not want them because there will be no money for them. We are to blame for the state of politics. We do not attend the primaries and help nominate the men who would make good officers, but after this is done we generally hurry around and try to defeat somebody who should never have been given the chance to run for the position. The only way is to educate the foreigners and teach them the meaning of politics. Try to make them good earnest, understanding citizens.

    3

    "There are professional foreigners who trade on their nationality for votes. You can set me down as saying that no Jew will ever vote for another Jew who runs for office by parading his race as the reason for trying to get it."

    Dr. Hirsch spoke last week at theAda Street Methodist Church, on "Patriotism" . The building was packed to the utmost capacity with the regular members of the church and visitors ...

    Jewish
    II B 2 g, I F 2, I F 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- October 10, 1892
    The Israelitic Republicans

    The Israelitic Republicans of the 7th, 8th, and 19th Wards held a mass meeting yesterday afternoon at the Metropolitan Hall. Dr. Stahl presided and the speakers of the evening were David Wood Ward, Wm. Lorimer, Spofford, Ed. Connor, E. Hennessey, Gus Nohe, Wm. Severson, and Sol. Simon.

    The Israelitic Republicans of the 7th, 8th, and 19th Wards held a mass meeting yesterday afternoon at the Metropolitan Hall. Dr. Stahl presided and the speakers of the evening were ...

    Jewish
    I F 2
  • Reform Advocate -- March 26, 1898
    (No headline)

    The South Town Republican Convention has unanimously nominated Simon W. Straus for assessor. Mr. Straus is very well known, especially in the Jewish community. He is a young man, whose business training as a banker and real-estate dealer, qualifies him to discharge the duties of that office in an able manner. He has pledged himself to so conduct his office, if elected, that his administration will be a credit to himself, the city and especially to the Jewish community.

    Mr. Straus is the eldest son of the late F. W. Straus. He was a member of the banking firm of Cahn and Straus, and of recent years, senior member of the mortgage bankers, S. W. Straus and Co. He is a member of the Sinai Congregation and the Standard Club.

    The South Town Republican Convention has unanimously nominated Simon W. Straus for assessor. Mr. Straus is very well known, especially in the Jewish community. He is a young man, whose ...

    Jewish
    I F 5, II A 2, I F 2
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- March 17, 1907
    Seen and Heard

    Who is the young Jewish candidate, Mr. Morris Eller, who is running for alderman of the ninth ward? The answer is as follows: On September 22, 1883, the seventeen year old Morris Eller, landed in Chicago. He was poor and was lost in this great Metropolis without money and without knowledge of the English language, but he came here as a Jew with Jewish patience. He immediately began to attend night school to study the English language, and by day, he peddled for a living. As soon as he acquired a working knowledge of English, he discarded peddling and obtained a position as bookkeeper for Jacob Lasker. And before long he married into the Lasker's family. From then on, he became one of the most outstanding citizens of Chicago.

    Finally he entered politics. In 1895, he was elected Deputy Assessor; in 1896, he became Deputy Collector and 1897, he was appointed Deputy Recorder, which office he now holds under Abel Davis. Now he is nominated for alderman 2of the ninth ward in place of Abe Harris, who was appointed clerk of the criminal court. Mr. Eller is assured of election if the Jews of the ninth ward will do their duty.

    In Jewish politics, Mr. Eller, is a power. He was grand secretary of the Order Western Star for nine and one-half years. He is at present, president of the Independent Order Brith Abraham of the West. He is also a member of other lodges and organizations, and has the assured co-operation of its members in this campaign.

    Who is the young Jewish candidate, Mr. Morris Eller, who is running for alderman of the ninth ward? The answer is as follows: On September 22, 1883, the seventeen year ...

    Jewish
    I F 5, I F 2, I F 1
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- October 23, 1908
    J. Lobel

    This is the name of a Jewish young man, who is a candidate for County Commissioner, on the Independent ticket, November the 3rd. Mr. Lobel was born in Romany, Roumania 30 years ago, of parents who are known far and wide as great scholars and religionists.

    His father, Mr. Berl Leile Lobel, was one of the Jews to whom the Alliance Israelite of Paris had appealed immediately after the Russian-Turkish war, at the time of the Berlin Treaty to collect all material power possible, in order to have the expenses necessary to obtain political and civil rights for all Jews in Roumania.

    He was also a civic leader and was respected, for his honesty by everyone.

    Mr. Lobel was one of the young men, whose souls rebelled against the hatred and intolerance of Roumanians toward Jews. He organized a group of young emigres, who had forsaked the cursed country and emigrated to America-the land of Freedom.

    2

    Here he became interested in political affairs. The Independent Party saw in him a good citizen, a capable man anda defender of Justice.

    The Independent Party exercised all its influence in order that he accept the candidacy on its ticket.

    Jewish citizens will be doing something worth while if they will vote for Mr. Lobel.

    This is the name of a Jewish young man, who is a candidate for County Commissioner, on the Independent ticket, November the 3rd. Mr. Lobel was born in Romany, Roumania ...

    Jewish
    I F 5, I F 2
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- October 22, 1911
    (No headline)

    The Political Work for Hugo Pam.

    It is certainly gratifying to notice enthusiastic groups of Jews gathered on the different streets of the West Side discussing the importance of the coming election. The choice for the office of Superior Judge of Cook County seems to be Mr. Hugo Pam. Meetings are arranged to be held in Synagogues, Lodges and at other different Societies and Organizations, with the main object in view of having Mr. Pam address the Jewish public at the various meetings.

    It is also gratifying to know that the best class of Jews on the West Side are participating in the various Jewish activities, socially, politically, and other wise. They are concentrating all their efforts, not only to elect Mr. Pam, but also to give him the biggest majority of any candidate on the ticket. There is no doubt that Mr. Pam is a suitable candidate for the Judgeship. His energy is tremendous. The Chicago Bar is recommending him most highly for the position. There is hardly his equal in the knowledge of Law, his honor, his temperament and his natural feeling of justice to all. There is no doubt that he will make the most talented Judge In Cook County. Since his nomination, everybody one speaks with, admits that he is the right man for the job.

    The Political Work for Hugo Pam. It is certainly gratifying to notice enthusiastic groups of Jews gathered on the different streets of the West Side discussing the importance of the ...

    Jewish
    I F 5, I F 2
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- December 09, 1913
    B. Horvitch's Answer

    In the last organized attack on the Federation by irresponsible organized groups, the Federation as a whole, as well as its individual active officers, displayed their worth by ignoring the unfounded accusations, arguments, and complaints from those gangs who are the shame of Chicago's Jewish community. Every means was exerted to involve at least one responsible director in a deliberate plot against the Federation. They clamored for explanations, sought interviews with the officials, boasted of discussions with this one or that, but failed in every ruse. The Federation and its directors, knowing that these opposing gangs are ostracized from Chicago's Jewish Community, found it more befitting their position, a representatives of this community to ignore these people.

    But of late things have taken a new turn. The Rabbi of Kihileth Anshe Marov, Dr. Shoenfarber, who besides other qualification is a feature-writer, contributing weekly the "News and Remarks, "in the Chicago Israelite, has for 2various reasons, known only to himself, acquiesced to the gang, whereby Mr. B. Horvitch, the president of the Federation, found himself in a predicament that necessitated an answer.

    As long as the Federation was assailed with contempt and insult from a gang that received no attention, and as long as this Jewish body and its directors were degraded only in restaurants or in unreliable publications, the proper method of action was that of fulfilling King Solomon's advice, "Do not answer a fool's folly." But with the Rabbi of the Kihileth Anshe Marov on the scene, the theme assumed another aspect.

    Dr. Shoenfarber writes in English, and the publicizing of false accusations against the greatest and best Jewish structure that Orthodox Jews ever 3established since their coming to America; to be organized and lead by people of unclean thoughts in an English newspaper that is read by the non-Jew as well as the Jew, is, to put it mildly to the reformed Rabbi, a great injustice.

    The fault finding brought by irresponsible subjects, when printed in English, represent actual accusations of Orthodox Judaism before an entire world. In such an instance we cannot stop to ignore the Rabbi or disregard the article. And, Mr. B. Horvitch, as president and father of the Federation, wrote the Chicago Israelite the following letter:

    Editor of the Chicago Israelite:

    "I read your paragraph in last week's issue of the Israelite, showing the 4attitude taken by a somewhat Jewish paper toward the Federated Orthodox Jewish Charities. I must confess my astonishment to find that you placed too much value on such heckling and actually gave it space in your paper.

    That the Federated Orthodox Jewish Charities is used for political purposes has as much truth in it as the argument saying Jews use blood for ritual purposes.

    "Who are these so called leaders who make use of the Federation for political or other purposes? On examining the list of directors and officers, we find seven Rabbis, seven women, fifteen prominent businessmen, when even your newspaper would not consider placing in disrepute. We have three persons among the directors who hold public office: Harry M. Fisher, Judge of the Municipal Court; Harry A. Lipsky, member of the Board of Education; and 5Max M. Korshack, assistant corporation council. These, I presume, are the well-known politicians who take advantage of the Federation. Yet everyone knows that they were elected to their respective positions long before the Federation even existed. I am the one who had the honor of securing the services of these three honorable men, and, I must confess, that instead of their receiving any advantages from the Federation, it is the Federation that benefits by reason of their honorable offices being used for our community.

    "We are fortunate that our young people, after securing public office, display enough interest to give time, money, and services to the Jewish community, especially in such instance that brings them more harm than good. As you know, the only work of concern to the Federation is the task of asking for money. This is a thankless task for anyone, especially on the West Side. I say with certainty that those devoting their time to social work lose 6friends instead of making them.

    "What a tragic situation, to have among us people who devote their energies undoing the good others have accomplished. Such scandalizing animals would attack these men even if they were not interested in Jewish affairs. When it is our god fortune to secure their services, they are accused of having unsuitable motives.

    "The same accusation may be made against Judge Julian V. Mack. Would you print in your paper a call for an investigation if some busybody claimed Judge Mack was getting undeserved credit or honor for his activities in Jewish affairs?

    "I wish with all my heart that those of our people who attain public office be one those who proved their worth and received their fame through good 7work for the Jewish community.

    "The actual truth of the entire subject is of the following nature: After the Federation was founded and Established as an institution, a representative of the Jewish newspaper you mention, demanded that officials of the Federation pay special attention to his paper so that it may receive recognition by the public.

    "His present attitude is the result of our non-compliance with such 'politics'."

    "Yours respectfully,

    B. Horvitch"

    We hope that this reply will aid in preventing the spread of such false accusations among non-Jews.

    P. B.

    In the last organized attack on the Federation by irresponsible organized groups, the Federation as a whole, as well as its individual active officers, displayed their worth by ignoring the ...

    Jewish
    I F 2, II D 1, I F 5, I C, IV
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- March 02, 1914
    Young Jewish People Defend Sabath

    At a ball sponsored by the First Hebrew Educational and Charitable Organization in Douglas Park Auditorium, the members of the association adopted a resolution expressing their faith in Congressman Adolph J. Sabath and condemning the attacks made upon him by the Tribune and Journal.

    In conclusion the resolution reads as follows: "Be it resolved that we condemn herein the afore mentioned attacks as being absolutely false and without any grounds, and urge everyone who loves justice to join us in expressing our firm belief in Congressman Sabath's honesty."

    At a ball sponsored by the First Hebrew Educational and Charitable Organization in Douglas Park Auditorium, the members of the association adopted a resolution expressing their faith in Congressman Adolph ...

    Jewish
    I F 5, I F 2, IV
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- March 11, 1914
    Purim Is Chicago's Shekel Day (Editorial)

    Before commencing the Purim services tonight, the importance of having every Jew purchase a shekel [a certificate issued by Zionist Organizations, which is sold as a note for delegates to be elected at the World Zionist Convention. Transl.] from the Zionist Fund will be discussed in every synagogue in Chicago.

    It has already become traditional for Purim to be Shekel Day in Chicago. Each year the tradition is adopted by more and more people. This year, it is believed, the purchase of shekels will exceed all previous years due to the Misrachi's tireless efforts.

    The Misrachi, the orthodox wing of the Zionist movement, labors unremittingly for the revival of Jewish nationalism and is supported by all rabbis and leaders of the orthodox Jewry.

    2

    They are opposed to the idea of isolation and have therefore united with the general Zionists in the selling of shekels. May every Jew purchase a shekel so that the Hamans of each generation can get their reward,--the noose.

    Before commencing the Purim services tonight, the importance of having every Jew purchase a shekel [a certificate issued by Zionist Organizations, which is sold as a note for delegates to ...

    Jewish
    I B 4, III B 2, III C, III B 3 b, I F 2, I C
  • Daily Jewish Courier -- June 02, 1914
    Jewish Charity Sullivan's Subject

    The West Side Democratic Club, a Jewish Democratic organization, opened up the campaign for the Democratic candidate, Mr. Sullivan, for United States senator in the Jewish community, by giving a large banquet at the Douglas Park Auditorium.

    Dr. George Sultan, a good old friend of the candidate, and one of his campaign managers, acted as toastmaster, and the following gentlemen assisted him on this occasion: (Eight names given). Candidate Sullivan was the last speaker, and after thanking the audience for the reception given in his honor, he spoke on Jewish problems, as follows:

    2

    "Jews in foreign countries, especially in Russia, speak of America as the land of hope and promise. Under the yoke of oppression and persecution, alwaysbeing pursued and excommunicated from society, the Jew is constantly in distress in many parts of Europe. It is due to this sad plight that his main and only wish is, to have a home in America.

    "The old man and the old woman, due to their age have given up all hope of ever coming to this country, but they hope that their children will go to the land of promise. These parents, who are the oppressed and persecuted Jews of different countries in Europe have exhausted all their means and energies and have spared no expense, in making it possible for them, to send their children to America. These sons and daughters of the oppressed Jews in Europe come here to us full of enthusiasm and hope, that in America, they will have the right to work and to accomplish something that is worth 3while. They will, as soon as possible, through energy, enthusiasm and hard work, be in a position financially to bring their parents over to this country so that they all can live together in peace.

    "With this spirit and belief on their minds, in the neighborhood of 2,500,000 Jews of the 10 or 12 million scattered all over the world came here to the United States. Of this 2,500,000 you will find about 285,000 of them live in Chicago. Most of them came here as pioneers. They have made wonderful progress, and all who came here later and those who are coming now, find that their dreams have materialized.

    4

    "The Jew has the same opportunities in America as any other men, and that is all any one may expect. That is all that a Jew wishes. All he has to do is to show the world that he is on equality with any other individual. The Jews of Chicago have proved it and are showing it every day.

    "Knowing the Jews, as we know them in Chicago, and especially as we know them on the West Side, it is very hard for us to understand why they are persecuted, oppressed and excluded in the lands which they left. Here in Chicago, we all know that the Jews are good citizens. We have seen them coming here not knowing our customs and language.

    5

    Persecuted by murderous officials and hoodlums in the country where they came from, they left their dear loved ones behind, but after a few months, sometimes only a few weeks, they become useful, loyal and honorable men and women.

    "The Jews do not come to this country to take something away from us. As a matter of fact they come here to give as well as take. They give America their labor, their economic ideas, and they stand firm in their convictions as a nation and as individuals.

    "The Jew comes to America and takes advantage of the privileged opportunities which are offered, the right to work, to educate his children, and to become a citizen of our republic. He receives these rights and grasps 6at the opportunities afforded him by our Constitution and in return he shows his appreciation and worthiness of these rights. You Jews on the West Side, consider your children's education passionately. We, the Irish, were under the impression that we were first in that respect. But after observing what you are doing in the line of education, I must admit that we are in error. I was reliably informed, and I honestly believe it, that it matters not how poor the Jewish family is, the children will not leave school, until at least, they finish grammar school, and a large percentage of them graduate from high school. We find Jews in many different professions, such as doctors, lawyers, great musicians, teachers, etc.

    7

    "Another thing that shows, how the Jews understand the value of their citizenship and its possibilities is the Jewish charity that I am referring to. It was proven that Chicago Jews are constantly looking after their own poor. Dr. Shulman tells me, and I believe it to be true, that 98 per cent of your charitable institutions come from Jews. Not only from the rich Jews, but also comes from the poor ones, the women who work in sweatshops and contribute a nickel a week and the boys who work as clerks in stores and contribute a dime. Dr. Shulman further said, that over $40,000 is collected annually from these nickels, dimes and quarters, mostly on the West Side. And all of it is spent for charity. That is something that your Jewish nation can be proud of!"

    In concluding his address, Mr. Sullivan said: "To a nation which gives to a land what the Jews have given America, that government is very much in debted. But on the other hand, you Jews must not forget that you also 8are greatly in debt to the government. I saw Jews in my travels in foreign lands. I saw them in Warsaw, where 285,000 of them reside. I also saw many Jews in Russia and in other European countries. I know how they are persecuted and driven out. So I know how successful you are in this land. There is a debt of gratitude that you owe to this country, by doing all within your power in holding up the honor of our country as a land of opportunity. This land of ours shall continue to be great, not only for Jews, but for all nations. This I hope you can do, and I earnestly believe that you will."

    The West Side Democratic Club, a Jewish Democratic organization, opened up the campaign for the Democratic candidate, Mr. Sullivan, for United States senator in the Jewish community, by giving a ...

    Jewish
    I F 2, III A, III H, III G