The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Magyar Tribune -- March 15, 1917
    The Magyar Tribune (Editorial)

    This newspaper is a new publication, although the people of Chicago have heard something about it. After it is read the first time it will have become a true friend and neighbor to all who feel that they are Hungarians.

    The Magyar Tribune is two years old, formerly it has been known as, A Nep, and we are going to adhere to the same principles that the original newspaper followed, and that was, to help the Hungarians in their aims and purposes, help them become educated to the modes of this country.

    The small newspaper formerly known as, A Nep was too small to represent the great Hungarian population of Chicago. The Hungarian population of Chicago deserves just as much recognition from the press as the other nationalities have received.


    We call our readers' attention to the fact that we will write about the different happenings in Hungary, but our American political viewpoints shall be governed by the belief of our readers, we will remain independent of any profiteering or religious organizations, but at the same time we want our readers to know that we are not opposing any of them.

    From now on we will stick to the above platform and we will be at the service of all our readers; we will present the viewpoints of our readers, whether it pertains to religion, politics organizations, or any news item pertaining to the interest of Hungarians living in Chicago.

    Our doctors, lawyers, and other professional friends will always be ready to help our subscribers.

    We the publishers trust that this much larger and better paper will be met by the Hungarians of Chicago with high acclaim.

    The Editors of Magyar Tribune.

    This newspaper is a new publication, although the people of Chicago have heard something about it. After it is read the first time it will have become a true friend ...

    II B 2 d 1
  • Magyar Tribune -- November 29, 1918
    The Thalia Meeting

    The Chicago Thalia Literary and Song Society held an interesting meeting on November 12. This meeting was their quarterly open meeting. At this time, some very interesting and worthy resolutions were read by the secretary, Mr. Andrew Vancso. A president pro-tem was selected, and Mr. Joseph Mayer was honored with this position. The different committees made their reports and were found satisfactory.

    Following these reports, the welfare of the lodge was brought up. It was decided that a literary class should be opened by this society. Mrs. Pilath made a suggestion that this society develope and find 2more literary and art talent among its members. This suggestion after proper procedure was unanimously accepted.

    Mr. Joseph Mayer addressed the meeting, and stressed the principles of the organization, explaining the purposes for which it was organized. As a result of his address a resolution to the effect that regular classes would be held every Friday night, when classes in drama and music would be taught.

    There will also be some very interesting discussions on other subjects pertaining to cultural development. A resolution passed which provided for lectures one evening each month, where prominent Hungarians in Chicago would speak on educational and literary subjects that would help the growth of this newly organized society.


    Mrs. Pilath suggested that the society select an official newspaper, through which it could advise the Hungarians of their activities. After a short discussion, the Magyar Tribune was selected as their official newspaper.

    The Chicago Thalia Literary and Song Society held an interesting meeting on November 12. This meeting was their quarterly open meeting. At this time, some very interesting and worthy resolutions ...

    II B 1 d, IV, II B 2 f, II B 2 g, II B 2 d 1
  • Magyar Tribune -- May 02, 1919
    Rothfisher Set Free

    Last October, Federal Judge Landis sentenced many I.W.W. leaders to serve prison terms at Fort Leavenworth. Among these leaders, several have won pardons, and are being released.

    One of the few who will be set free is Charles Rothfisher, formerly the editor of the Hungarian I.W.W. newspaper called A Bermunkas. He was sentenced to serve twenty years in the Federal penitentiary.

    A bond of ten thousand dollars was set in order that he may be freed. The friends of Mr. Rothfisher succeeded in raising this sum, thereby insuring his freedom.

    Last October, Federal Judge Landis sentenced many I.W.W. leaders to serve prison terms at Fort Leavenworth. Among these leaders, several have won pardons, and are being released. One of the ...

    I E, I D 2 a 3, II B 2 d 1
  • Magyar Tribune -- December 17, 1919
    When the Press Is Ignored.

    At this time we want to tell the people how and where the press stands or should stand with the people.

    The Magyar Tribune and the American Magyar are the two Hungarian newspapers with large circulations in the city of Chicago. Since the Magyar Tribune is a local newspaper, we think that we can keep the interest of the Hungarian people more at heart than the other newspapers, including the Szabadsag and the Nepszava. We have a larger circulation than the two newspapers combined, although they have a large enough circulation to warrant a business manager for this city. These facts are indications that the Chicago Hungarians do not ignore the press.

    The press has played an important part in the life of the older Hungarian societies and churches. We have no reason to feel badly towards the sick benefit societies, the cultural societies or the athletic organizations.


    These organizations have always acted with greatest courtesy towards the press.

    In Chicago there is a combating force in the life of the Hungarian press. This group is usually taking action without the knowledge of the press. Through these actions they hope to become leaders. They move secretly because they know that they will never become leaders among the Hungarians with the aid of the press.

    These so called, self-appointed leaders are people who are supposed to be from the upper class of people, socially speaking, They are all university graduates and consequently use gloves when they shake the hand of the common workingman.

    Just how detrimental, this ignoring of the press is to the Chicago Hungarians we will not attempt to say but we do want to stress the fact that the Chicago Hungarian Press has had enough of their foolish tactics, and in the future will use every method to put an end to their activities.


    We are not trying to plant any ideas. This is not a personal or a patriotic battle, nor should it be a battle to gain individual recognition. This is a battle for bread and butter.

    Those who ignore us, the representative of the press, make it hard for the press to exist. Without making things harder, we find that it is hard enough to exist, and for this reason we battle these people who so completely ignore the press. This battle is not being fought secretly, but in the open.

    We of the Chicago Hungarian press are not in this business for graft nor can we be bribed, but we are trying to make reflections so that we can be recognized by everyone, as a mouthpiece for the Chicago Hungarians in all their activities.


    If we had caused any trouble or if we were standing in the way of Chicago Hungarians, or if the Chicago Hungarians favored two or three other newspapers in Chicago, then we could say that there would be individual partiality shown. But this is not so.

    Certain people have tried to organize Loyalty Leagues, Freedom societies and now they are trying to organize people to aid those people of Hungary who are suffering.

    All of this they have tried to do without the aid of the press. The careers of the first two societies mentioned show that these organizations did not live very long. In other cities no one who would try organization work without the aid of the press.

    Many unusual things have happened in Chicago in regards to important Hungarian activities. Individuals have forgotten about the press and have thrown it off into a corner somewhere. But at this time, we openly and bravely say that 5this will not happen again. We are not writing this threateningly, but in a manly way, just as a man seeking employment speaks up and demands a hearing even if deaf ears are turned to him. We are not fighting this battle for our individual good alone but also for recognition of the other publications appearing in Chicago. We can add that we of the Magyar Tribune are the only Hungarian news editors of Chicago who are suffering financially, striving continually for the betterment of our publication in order that this newspaper gain recognition everywhere.

    We believe that people who do not recognize our newspaper, do not recognize the thousands upon thousands of Chicago Hungarians, so therefore we are not only seeking recognition for our publication, but we also want our readers recognized.

    We can conscientiously state that we not only continually seek recognition, but we will surely gain it.

    At this time we want to tell the people how and where the press stands or should stand with the people. The Magyar Tribune and the American Magyar are the ...

    II B 2 d 1
  • Magyar Tribune -- March 25, 1921
    Discrimination against the Magyar Tribune (Editorial)

    In the Hungarian Daily News we find that the Swedish consul in Chicago, who is the representative of Hungarian interests here, has had published an announcement in which he asks for the address of a certain Hungarian family which is supposed to be living in Chicago or in its vicinity. The article requests this family either to send to the consul their address or to present themselves at his office. We need not add that articles of this nature originate, generally, in our native land, where some member of a family is seeking lost relatives.

    It is completely in order that the article should have appeared in the Hungarian Daily News, for this paper is read by Hungarians in Chicago and its suburbs. Why it did not also appear in the Nepszava and the Elore, Hungarian papers which are likewise read by Hungarians in Chicago and its suburbs, is something that 2we can not worry about. Let them worry about it.

    But as to why this article or advertisement did not appear in the Magyar Tribune of Chicago, which is in fact the only Hungarian paper in this city published weekly--we certainly have some opinions to express regarding this discourtesy!

    There are two points that we wish to make clear before we express ourselves on this matter. The first is that in this discussion we make no personal reference to any one. We do not know the Swedish consul, nor do we know the person in charge of Hungarian interests. We have no ill feeling against them personally. It is only that their actions toward us were scandalous. The second point to be made clear is that though we live in a material world, in this case the amount of the price of the advertisement is absolutely of no interest to us. We do not know whether they paid for this advertisement or not. If they did pay for it, we know that the sum does not amount to such a figure as to be worth mentioning in an article of this size. For the cost of writing this article 3is much higher than the cost of those small advertisements which consuls are accustomed to have printed.

    Our article is not written for business reasons but from the standpoint of fundamental principles. From the standpoint of fundamental principles, in Chicago and its suburbs, the Magyar Tribune cannot and must not be overlooked or ignored.

    Those who wish to serve the interests of the Hungarians in Chicago and its suburbs must take advantage of our paper and not ignore its large circulation. Do not think for a moment that we are conceited, or have dominating instincts or wish to be dramatic in this pronouncement. We are the sincere guardians of Hungarian interests, the reporters of opinion, the mouthpiece of our native land, and the news agency of the Hungarians in Chicago and its suburbs. For six years we have served without relaxing our efforts and with patient loyalty.

    There were times when others made efforts with pen and paper to maintain a 4newspaper, and while we went through fire and withstood many trials and tribulations, they simply gave up and went out of business. Now we are alone, and our existence can be stopped only by dirty politics. Those who believe that they can ignore the Magyar Tribune in Chicago and suburbs by playing dirty politics are gravely mistaken.

    If the consul, because of dirty politics, does not notice us, then he not only is playing poor politics but is also guilty of sin. This sin caused the writing of this discussion. The sin is committed against those poor people in our native land who are patiently awaiting signs of life from these relatives of theirs who live in Chicago and its suburbs and desire to initiate closer relationships. The sin is also against those that live here and wish to communicate with those who are looking for them.

    Now then, without any question, our paper, the Magyar Tribune, is the most highly developed Hungarian paper existing in the Chicago area and the paper 5most widely circulated and most widely read, among the Hungarians. This we write not as an advertisement but simply as a matter of fact. Consider, if you please, the three Hungarian papers issued daily, the Szabadsag, the Nepszava, and the Elore. The total subscriptions of these three papers for Chicago and its suburbs, we are certain, is doubled by our list of subscribers. This fact gives us the right to feel proud, and we do not say this to soothe our wounded pride but to prove how ill the interests of Hungarians are represented by the Swedish consul.

    He who contemplates doing business with Budapest or with Szeged must consider which city has the larger population; he must not play politics. Szeged may be wealthier, healthier, more virtuous, more Hungarian than Budapest, but Budapest is the capital of the country and has the largest population of Hungarian cities. This is a fact, and here all discrimination stops, and all arguments end. This is how we stand compared with the Hungarian Daily News. We agree that the Hungarian Daily News is an older paper, is much wealthier, is issued oftener, 6is well known, and has a better income; but--in Chicago and its suburbs--the Magyar Tribune is the largest and most influential paper. Those who wish to send a message to all the Hungarians in Chicago and suburbs in the surest way can do it through our paper. This is the fact and the truth. Here end all arguments and all partiality. This is an axiom.

    If the consul is looking for Hungarians in Chicago and its suburbs, then it is, without the remotest doubt, his duty to seek them through our columns. He can seek them elsewhere, also; we have no quarrel with that; but he must take advantage of our columns without fail. First of all, he owes it, to those who entrusted to him the job of finding their lost relatives to do this. Secondly, he owes it to those whom he seeks to give them this great advantage, for those people most certainly are readers of the Magyar Tribune. Thirdly, perhaps he owes it to us, who are loyally serving the interests of the Hungarians better than any consul or other official is representing them.


    This would be the smartest procedure from the business standpoint and would be playing smart politics. Or do we still stand where we stood at the beginning, on the assumption, that, smart actions are not to be expected by Hungarians of their consulate?

    In the Hungarian Daily News we find that the Swedish consul in Chicago, who is the representative of Hungarian interests here, has had published an announcement in which he asks ...

    II B 2 d 1, III H
  • Magyar Tribune -- September 05, 1924
    What Shall We Do with the Klan? (Editorial)

    The grand old newspaper friend of ours, the Cleveland Szabadsag published two editorials with reference to John W. Davis, the Democratic candidate for president, and his stand against the Ku Klux Klan, about which we also had a brief editorial last week.

    The first one was meant to be a leader article and was written very mildly. This was natural because the writer of this first article could see nothing but the Republican Party, and regardless of what LaFollette or Davis said he was still for Coolidge and the Republican Party, this was done because his boss was Doctor Cserna, a lieutenant of the Republican Party and a member of the Republican Committee.

    Our paper being an open-minded publication, we cannot discuss this article very well, even if we accepted the facts of this editorial and admitted the 2talents of the writer and his familiarity with the articles appearing in the American press.

    The other article had the following title "That Reminds Us" and was written nore open-mindedly, discussing the facts freely. We think that the second editorial should have been used as the leader.

    Before we analyze this problem and the article, we think that we should reprint a few of the more important paragraphs of this article.

    "John W. Davis was right when he suggested that both candidates from the two major political parties issue a statement in regard to their stand for or against the Klan. After this statement was issued he thought that the Klan question should be eliminated from the field of politics. Because it is true that the more the Klan is bothered, and the more the politicians stress the 3question, the more this will aid the Klan. The Ku Klux Klan would never have gotten as strong as it is, if it hadn't been for the publicity it receives from the daily newspapers. The majority of people are easily lead; and we all know that a bad example is not always enough to scare people away, instead many are attracted by some of these bad examples.

    "Let us not be fools. Let's look these white-sheeted ghosts in the eyes, but we do not want to fight them, or take them very seriously. We should laugh at them and tell them that our childhood days are past when people wearing long white sheets could scare us. We have outgrown our ghost story days. We will not tear their white sheets off of them: why should we? We know what is under these white sheets.

    "We, who according to the census takers are considered foreign born, shouldn't 4care about the Ku Klux Klan, because by caring we are doing them a favor. We are aware of the fact that in certain Hungarian districts the Hungarians are organizing to combat the Ku Klux Klan, but we should not follow this example, because by doing this we only supply the Klan with ammunition. We, who are partly concerned, should keep away from the issue. Not because we are fools, but because we should be proud of ourselves for we are smarter than they are. Let the fight be handled by Davis, Coolidge, and LaFollette. Let us stay as a respectable audience and applaud when the time comes.

    "The Ku Klux Klan is openly against the colored, the foreigner, the Jew, and the catholics. Let us look at the census of 1920 and see what this organization is going to fight: In the United States there are 20 million catholics, 11 million colored, 14 million foreigners, and approximately 4 million Jews. This total represents the number of people the Klan is attempting to fight.


    "Aren't we right? Let's laugh in the faces of the Ku Klux Klan!"

    What the Szabadsag recommends is the easiest and simplest end to this matter. But this problem cannot be solved this way. To give advice such as this in regard to a situation involving an American problem is not only out of the question but it is a sin. Therefore, we want to take this opportunity to say to our friend newspaper that this newspaper's viewpoint of this situation, both politically and actively, is different.

    We will state why.

    There are two reasons why we think the Szabadsag's standpoint is wrong.

    One of the reasons is that we think the Ku Klux Klan is a serious and destructive political power in the United States. It is true that neither 6Cleveland nor Chicago are very strongly organized; but in Texas, Indiana, Maine, Oklahoma and throughout the entire Southern States its organization is strong.

    There are certain towns and cities, both in Illinois and in Ohio, where the Klan is powerful. In these towns and cities the minority is ruled by terror. This terror is not brought on the minority because they are waging a battle against the Klan, but because the aims of the Klan are to take away those privileges upon which the principles of the government of the United States was founded. They are terrorized by the fact that the principles of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness will be taken away from them. The terror of the Klan does not stop with scares and threats, but they have been known to inflict bodily injury.

    The Ku Klux Klan can't be subdued by laughing at them, nor by ignoring their 7activities, and we must not leave the others alone to fight the Klan. The Klan is a secret political organization. This organization was formed secretly and the only way to defeat such an organization is to bring the battle out into the open.

    We must bring the sunlight into this darkened pit. The brightness of the sunlight and publicity will eventually break this secretly built castle.

    There are spoiling buds that develop only in the darkened dampness of a cellar. When these buds are brought out into the fresh air and sunshine they fade and die. This is the way we will be with the Klan. Since the New York World began writing articles which are unfavorable towards the Klan, and the press throughout the entire nation has been giving them unfavorable publicity, the power of the Klan has diminished, and all self-respecting, native born Protestant persons have kept away from this undesirable secret organization.


    The aims and purposes of the Klan are such that if brought out in the light they will not bear up under pressure; therefore, it is our duty to work against the Klan, so that it will fade and die like a musty flower.

    What publicity can't do, the strongest form of defense-organization, will gain its purpose.

    Yes! we must organize against them just as they have organized against us. Only we will not organize secretly, but openly, like they did in Texas. Their strength here will be broken just as it was in Texas.

    Let us look back eight or ten years. What did the Anti-Saloon League's activities look like at that time? In Chicago and in Cleveland we laughed at these fanatic modifiers and reformers. The editorial staff of the Szabadsag would have bet 9any amount of money that there would be absolute prohibition in Chicago, Cleveland, and New York.

    Prohibition was thought of as a big joke ten years ago. On theatre stages the Anti-Saloon League was made fun of, and every once in a while the newspapers would write humorous articles about this childish movement.

    Prohibition was regarded the same way that the Szabadsag regards the Klan movement. People thought that they could drive these prohibitionists out by laughter and ignorance. Organization was not thought of, because it looked as though it was unnecessary, in fact they were afraid because they thought the Anti-Saloon League would gain more power.

    In the meantime, the Anti-Saloon League entangled the nation in a net, with the 10exception of the larger cities, and leaned on congress, and waited for the psychological moment, the World War, when they made prohibition possible as a war measure, which later made absolute prohibition possible.

    After prohibition became a law it was useless for the alcoholic beverage dealers to organize for action; it was too late, the damage had been done.

    Prohibition was born and it stayed while others laughed; they were organizing.

    In organization, there is strength and success.

    This is not only a good by-word, but it is the golden truth. It is a tried and proven fact.

    The other reason why we don't agree with the standpoint of the Szabadsag is 11that they write directly against organizational work, and especially against the Hungarians organizing.

    We have emphatically stated how important it is to organize against the Klan as an American movement, but now we would like to say a few words with reference to pure Hungarian organizational work. We realize that it is a rather neglected subject, but this seems to be the ideal time for it.

    The Szabadsag, as one of the most powerful Hungarian organs in the United States, must grasp this opportunity to awaken the Hungarians from this sinful lethargy, of which it has been suffering during the past few years.

    Please believe us that this is being written for the benefit of the larger Hungarian newspapers, calling to their attention the fact that the Hungarians of this country are without any kind of a national or political organization.


    Water can not wash this sin from us. Although we have come to the decision that due to the sorrowful political situation in Europe, the larger papers, for diplomatic reasons, cannot be engaged in organizational work. But we do think it would be a rather wise move to start an American-Hungarian national organization. Because the large newspapers can bring this about if they have the will to do it.

    It is up to the Szabadsag to start this movement and to make such an organization a reality; not only because it is a Hungarian newspaper, but because of its traditions during the past thirty years and the ashes of Tihamer Kohanyi dictate this fact.

    Tihamer Kohanyi had many faults, but we must admit that he was active in Hungarian organizational work, even if some of his ideas were not accepted by the more prominent leaders. He was always willing to donate space in his paper and work by his staff for the betterment of Hungarian movements and organizational work.


    During Kohanyi's time the Szabadsag did not have such a good financial status as it does today. Many Hungarians seem to think that because the financial situation of the Szabadsag is so good today that it is neglecting the interest of the Hungarians, but we do not believe this. We believe that the men running the Szabadsag are unselfish, self-sacrificing, and willing workers.

    Such men as Cserna and Fonyo, without mentioning the others connected with the Szabadsag are not afraid of organizational work among the Hungarians, and they have no reason to be.

    Taking everything into consideration, we recommend that the fight against the Klan be stopped. Publicity and organization are the best weapons to fight it with, and we must take these in our hands.


    Without paying any attention to party affiliations, we must stand with those who openly take their places against the Klan.

    As far as we are concerned this is a very important matter, and until Coolidge renders a decision on this matter, as Davis and LaFollette have, we will have to stay away from Coolidge.

    We must do the same thing with all other candidates for office; we must force each and every candidate to show his colors. Those who are with us we will help to the best of our ability, and those who do not express their attitude towards this question, are against us; therefore, we will not show any mercy towards them in the field of politics when election day comes.

    The statistics as stated in the Szabadsag are also wrong. They talk about 20 million catholics, 4 million Jews, 11 million colored people, and 14 15million foreign born people. In the first place we must not consider that there are 110 million people in the United States. Among the 14 million foreign born there are a few million catholics, some Jews, and even a few colored people. Among the 20 million Catholics there are those who are foreign and those who are colored.

    Most of the colored people live in the South, where their political power means nothing.

    In other words, if the plan of the Ku Klux Klan works out so that all the white Protestants, who are native born, join their organization they will control the nation's most important public offices, and their power would not be centered in individual states, they would get so strong that their power would mean a deciding factor in Congress.


    Therefore, we advise you not to laugh at this matter, but to organize in order that the Klan may be defeated.

    The grand old newspaper friend of ours, the Cleveland Szabadsag published two editorials with reference to John W. Davis, the Democratic candidate for president, and his stand against the Ku ...

    II D 9, II B 2 d 1, I F 6, I F 2, I F 3, I B 1, I B 2, I F 1, I C
  • Magyar Tribune -- September 26, 1924
    Hungarian Brotherly Love Please Give This a Thought. (Editorial)

    The change in economic conditions in the United States has naturally brought about some very difficult situations. These conditions have affected the Hungarian working people just as they have affected the rest of the nation. The present unemployment situation has harmed thousands of Hungarians.

    In the first place, there are those who have not been in this country very long and, therefore, they have not established themselves in industry, due to their lack of sufficient service; there are those who belong in the common laboring class, those who do not have a trade of any kind; then there are those who have little or no ambition and naturally are not wanted by industry.

    It is an absolute fact that there are thousands of Hungarians in Chicago who are unemployed and who are going hungry.

    After these unfortunate, breadless Hungarians have gone to the limit of their 2credit, which does not take long, they then are left destitute, common beggars.

    Can you visualize what a terrible situation it is, when an absolutely normal person must resort to begging in a foreign country? This fact is not imaginary because the Hungarian beggar has already made his appearance in the United States.

    Those who came here to the land of wealth have been cheated, and now, with bowed heads they visit Hungarian homes and beg. This is a very bitter situation, but it is not new.

    We older Americans know that before the war the Hungarian beggar visited Hungarian families and Hungarian organizations. Who can tell us how many letters asking for aid were received by Hungarian organizations and Hungarian businessmen of this city?

    Years ago, when economic conditions became bad and unemployment resulted, the 3Hungarian beggar appeared. In the past this movement was so great that some of the common beggars became regular professional beggars. There were those who regarded begging as a regular business: they worked the Hungarian districts of the cities from New York to San Francisco, with letters of recommendation, many of these letlers written under fictitious names. They begged from individuals as well as from Hungarian organizations.

    The war put a stop to this detrimental business of begging.

    The never-ceasing begging that took place before the war was so great that those Hungarians who were financially able organized lodges and societies to care for this situation. The main idea of these organizations was to see that those deserving aid received it.

    The members of these organizations did not receive any benefits; all they did was donate. These benevolent organizations existed in New York, Chicago, and Cleveland. The Chicago Hungarian Charitable Society was famous throughout the nation. This organization was highly respected and favored for the honest and 4indiscriminating work it performed.

    The Chicago Hungarian Charitable Society, after almost fifty years of active existence, disbanded during the war. There weren't enough needy people in this rich land of ours; therefore, there was no field for the society to work in. From the organization mentioned above, the Hungarian Charitable Ladies Society was formed. This Society centers its activities around cultural and social movements. Even today they are doing some wonderful work in their own exclusive circle.

    But the original aim of the Chicago Hungarian Charitable Society is lacking; even among its members the ever-increasing American ideas can be felt, although the membership consists of a large number of prominent Hungarians.

    Present conditions require the activities of the old Hungarian Charitable Society. There are a great number of Hungarians in and around Chicago who are in need of food, clothing, and shelter. All good Hungarian businessmen should give this careful thought. Through an organization such as this, work could be found for many. Aid received through an organization of this type, would be appreciated 5a lot more than aid from individuals.

    Today we have in Chicago a large group of influential Hungarians, who are both financially and socially prominent, and they could do a lot of good to help these unfortunate people.

    There are enough Hungarians in this city who could well afford to pay the yearly dues of ten dollars as was paid in the past by the members of the organization. There are many who could pay as high as two hundred dollars yearly.

    It is our idea that the time has come in Chicago when this group of beggars, and even more so those who are sitting back suffering quietly, should be taken care of by a regularly organized group of Hungarians. Those who are willing to aid financially should come out and put their arms around those sufferers, and help the more unfortunates across the deep ravines of starvation and hard times.

    This problem is a humanitarian duty, and it is needless to write more about it. This movement should be started, the sooner the better, because the hungry and ragged are at our doors, and there are many destitute Hungarians roaming the 6city streets. It is sorrowful, but we are satisfied that this is true.

    In the olden days, when the Austrian-Hungarian Empire existed, the Consul saw to it that aid was received from that government, because they had sufficient funds set aside for this purpose. It is useless to wait for such aid from the Hungarian Consul. Poverty is reigning in Hungary and it seems that they themselves will need help. We are left here alone to do this charitable work. We must bring this movement to life with our own strength, and start the work anew.

    This newspaper, keeping the interest of all Hungarians at heart, can be depended upon for a helping hand in promoting such a noble idea, but we will expect those Hungarians who know the value of this movement to help promote the idea and keep it from dying.

    The change in economic conditions in the United States has naturally brought about some very difficult situations. These conditions have affected the Hungarian working people just as they have affected ...

    I D 2 c, II B 2 d 1, II D 10, II D 1, I C, I K, I H
  • Magyar Tribune -- January 09, 1925
    Will There Be a New Hungary? (Editorial)

    The opening of a new year provokes many questions regarding the future of that orphaned and crippled homeland of ours.

    We find that these questions are natural. We do not believe that there is a single person amongst us who does not feel that he should take an interest in the affairs of the government of his native land.

    At the same time, regardless of how much we would like to picture the Hungarian situation as a rosy one, the facts do not fool anyone who thinks seriously.

    We must remember that in 1914, at the beginning of the World War, we knew that we would create many enemies by saying that the War would be disastrous 2to Hungary because regardless of who won, Hungary would lose. We admit that many times we in America wished that our prophesies might be wrong, because we still possess the Hungarian spirit. It is sad but our prophesy came true.

    Now we must speak and answer the question, will there be a new Hungary? The answer is distressing; there will not be a new Hungary. The only possible way that a new Hungary could be born would be for her to completely wipe out the present form of government and replace it with one that is totally democratic and guarantees the liberty of all citizens.

    The most unfortunate fact is that in those territories which have been taken from Hungary, the school teachers and other public officials fled and deserted the Hungarian people who live there. If these people had remained and maintained their integrity as well as that of the rest of the people, the time would have come when the people could have freed themselves.

    We read that the Turks set on the necks of the Hungarian people for one 3hundred and fifty years. This is historical truth. But the Turks did not try to make a Mohamedan territory out of Hungary. The Turks were not interestedF in the people--they wanted the taxes. The Turks realized that this situation would end someday, and when that day came, they would have to get out of Hungary. The day came, and they left--fully satisfied that Allah wanted it that way.

    Today most of the nations [gap] have taken [gap] of un[gap]Hungary do not accept Turkish fatalism. The Slavish-speaking people especially are very impressive. They know that the strength of the people lies in education, therefore they are not stressing the building of churches. They say that the only time they need a priest is when they die.

    Can you or anyone else believe that those Hungarians in the ceded territories [gap]

    If the Hungarian government wants to retain the respect of the Hungarians 4scattered throughout the world she must render services that are far superior to those of these foreign governments. If the Hungarian-Americans expect aid from the American people, it will be up to us to see that those who are in Hungary receive bread, land and civil rights. This must be done with due legality using the Bethlen-Horthy procedure.

    Further the Hungarian-American press must cease its espionage tactics. When these things are done we can discuss problems of integrity.

    But to ask Hungarian-Americans to shoulder the burden of the abuses of the Bethlen-Horthy government is out of the question.

    Therefore we Hungarian-Americans are still wondering whether there will be a new Hungary.

    The opening of a new year provokes many questions regarding the future of that orphaned and crippled homeland of ours. We find that these questions are natural. We do not ...

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  • Magyar Tribune -- February 27, 1925
    We Want to Hear Count Karolyi (Editorial)

    While Countess Karolyi was hovering between life and death in a New York hospital, we thought it wise not to press the matter of Count Karolyi's pledge of silence.

    But now that the dangerous period of her illness is past, we respectfully ask our government to release Count Karolyi from his pledge of silence.

    Count Karolyi was viciously attacked by some of our Hungarian newspapers upon his arrival in this country. [The disposition of] certain sums of money which Count Karolyi collected in the United States in 1914 is arousing resentment and suspicion in various Hungarian districts.

    The contributors to that fund are entitled to a reasonable explanation, 2and Count Karolyi is entitled to defend himself against his accusers.

    Therefore it is imperative that Count Karolyi should be allowed to speak as freely as anyone in this great democratic land. Due to the refusal of our government to vise his passport on a previous occasion, Count Karolyi has pledged himself to silence on all political matters during his present stay. Otherwise he would not have been able to visit his wife who is seriously ill here. Anyone who knows the feeling of a devoted husband will be able to understand his "voluntary" pledge.

    Of course we know the peculiar attitude of our State Department officials is a result of the influence exerted by the official representatives of the Hungarian Government. We admit that the Horthy regime has plenty of valid reasons to muzzle Count Karolyi.

    But we respectfully ask since when has the American Government assisted 3the dictatorship of Admiral Horthy in direct violation of one of the greatest principles and noblest traditions of America?

    Are we Americans going to give aid and comfort to this most undemocratic government of Hungary, to this terroristic clique of Horthy? Or are we going to maintain this country as an asylum for political refugees and free speech?

    While Count Karolyi is of noble birth, he is a true champion of the downtrodden Hungarian people whose ambition is and was, to build a democratic Hungarian republic.

    They accuse him of being a "bolshevik." That is malicious propaganda. They accuse him of turning over the country to Bela Kun and the Bolsheviki when he was president. He positively denies it. He claims his name was forged to documents. We want to hear his version of these accusations.


    We know he was against the Hapsburg and the Hohenzollern dynasties. He favored the Wilsonian peace terms. We know he sacrificed his comfort, his youth, and his wealth for the cause of the Hungarian people, as only a few people in modern history have done.

    If there is any favor to be granted by our Government to either the Horthy regime or Count Karolyi, as a matter of principle our government ought to turn the balance in favor of Count Karolyi. Count Karolyi stands for American ideals and for American principles; the Horthy regime opposes them and the poor Hungarian people suffer in mute despair.

    This country welcomed Louis Kossuth most impressively. While here he denounced the tyranny of the Austrian government.

    Carl Schurz was never gagged when he assailed the Russian autocracy.

    De Valera and his associates spoke from coast to coast against British 5Has our country changed her policy during the present administration to please Admiral Horthy, the dictator of Hungary?

    We emphatically protest against such change.

    We want Count Karolyi to be released from his pledge of silence.

    We want America to remain a land of free speech, and an asylum for the political and religious refugees of the world.

    This is the sacred and noble tradition of the United States inherited from the great founders of our Republic.

    While Countess Karolyi was hovering between life and death in a New York hospital, we thought it wise not to press the matter of Count Karolyi's pledge of silence. But ...

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  • Magyar Tribune -- March 13, 1925
    Cross-Bearers of Horthy (Editorial)

    In the animal kingdom there is a very patient animal which bears a cross on its back. During Admiral Horthy's last campaign in the United States he hung a fiery cross on the chests of his faithful followers. The only difference between the cross-bearers mentioned above is that the animal wears its cross without knowing about it. These faithful cross-bearers of Horthy will soon be hurrying back to Budapest for hand-kissing ceremonies; they will thank Horthy for the high honors accorded them [for their work in suppressing] any activities on the part of the Hungarian-Americans [in behalf of Karolyi].

    The rights and freedom of the people are secondary; this is the curse of the Horthy regime. Every sober-minded person can see that these cross-bearers are people who sold themselves to Horthy, regardless of the fact that under his leadership, the crippled nation of Hungary will be led to ruin. All that 2these people are interested in is personal glory or important government positions. Some even dream of occupying a parliamentary seat.

    The Hungarian-Americans are acquainted with these marked gentlemen who propagandize against activities in behalf of Karolyi. These people received [awards of] distinction for their work, not because their activities were helping to ease the suffering of the Hungarian people. Horthy's American ambassador and consuls are just like the one we have in Chicago who is continually snooping around among the people, shaking hands and handing out compliments freely in order that he may take advantage of them and swing them away from the ideas of Karolyi.

    A large number of those who have received honors from Horthy are priests. This was done because the Hungarian-Americans are faithful church members. They believe that every word of the priest is sacred. [This is the first reason for Horthy's favoritism toward the priests.] Secondly the priests realize that if either Horthy or some one else should declare a republican 3state in Hungary, the vast properties of the Church would be confiscated, and the power of the priests over the people would be abolished. This is the reason for the priest's faithfulness to Horthy.

    The reformed ministers have come to a temporary agreement with Horthy. Naturally this agreement will be useful only if Horthy is successful. Everyone remembers that when Horthy took power in Hungary, Dr. Dezso Baltazar, bishop of the Reformed Church of Debreczen, Hungary, made some untimely speeches for which he almost paid with his life. His tour in this country at the present time is being made successful through the efforts of Horthy's henchmen. Even our Hungarian consul in Chicago has sponsored a luncheon in honor of the Bishop. This shows very clearly why the Hungarian reformed ministers of America are receiving the cross of distinction.

    We are anxiously waiting to see when the Jewish priests will receive their awards. It is true that a few of those who have received awards are Jewish, but this is 4only a camouflage. We believe that the Hungarian American Jews will disown all Jews who accept this type of distinction. Such an award will act as a tool to prevent the advancement of the Jewish people in Hungary and [to negate the worth of their achievement.] The Hungarian-American Jews won't forget that after the 1848 war for liberty in Hungary it was the Jews who helped put Hungary back on its feet. [After the World War they would have done it again in a few years.] But the Horthy machine of destruction used fire and steel to kill and drive the Jews out of Hungary in order that the properties of the wealthier Jews might be claimed by the government.

    We could name many Hungarians who have done noble things for the suffering people of Hungary, but we think that each Hungarian community should deal with its own citizens whether they be good or bad. We shall discuss only those who affect the lives of the Hungarian people in Chicago.

    First we must stop at the door of Father Stephen Soltesz, the priest at the 5Hungarian Roman Catholic Church on the South Side of Chicago. This gentleman is working hard to increase his own personal wealth, and cares little for any patriotic movements that might be going on around Chicago. This charge is proved by the fact that his church is ready to fall apart, although he has been making collections for a new one for a long time. The entire Hungarian population of Chicago is disgraced by the dilapidated condition of this Hungarian church. This priest feels fine when he can climb into the pulpit and warn his people against going to hear Karolyi, if Karolyi should come to Chicago. Therefore this man must be watched.

    The award given to Eugene Boros, minister of the South Side Reformed Church, is quite a surprise. This minister of the Hungarian Reformed Church of Chicago was present at a farewell banquet given in honor of Brentano at the Hungarian University Club. His speech was so radical that even the extreme radicals present protested. And last year at the flag dedication ceremonies of the Rakoczi Society where he was the honorary speaker, he declared Lenin and Trotzky, the founders of Red Russia, to be the two outstanding men of the day. So Horthy 6hung a medal of distinction on this man. But that is all right because Brother Boros will repay him when the time comes to talk about Karolyi, should Karolyi come to Chicago. Then the Chicago Hungarians should [mark the words] of this exponent of the "red" cause.

    That Louis Szappanos has received his award will not surprise anyone. Because this man has served two crosses for quite some time. Every Hungarian will remember that when John Hock was here, he asked the Hungarian Societies's Central Committee to request their membership to participate in a peoples meeting. Szappanos was the president of the organization at that time; he misrepresented the decision of the organization, and in an official letter insulted John Hock.

    Now we are waiting with great interest for the Chicago Hungarian Independent Song Society to sponsor a banquet in honor of the recognized gentleman, Louis Szappanos. But perhaps this organization has a large Jewish membership which will disown Szappanos and will draw the membership away from this Horthy cross-bearing soldier. His type of person only worms his way into Hungarian societies 7in order to gain an official position that he may obstruct any movement against the activities of Horthy. All those who received recognition or money from the Horthy government, should be repudiated by the Hungarian-Americans.

    Recently a noble example was set for us by a group of Hungarian businessmen from the South Side of Chicago who returned one of our daily papers that constantly insults Karolyi to the editors of the paper with a request that the subscription be suspended because they did not care to read such filthy material. Every Hungarian should do likewise, and from now on no one should contribute to any Horthy activities. There is at present an individual traveling around, visiting Hungarian communities and asking for contributions for a Horthy orphanage. However these contributions will be used to subsidize government affairs. Naturally this agent who is making these collections receives a large salary from the Hungarian Ambassador in Washington. The liberal Hungarians have donated thousands of dollars already. All Hungarians should think twice before they sign any sort of pledge or contribution, because there 8has been more than enough of these swindles. The Horthy cross-bearing warriors are multiplying like flies in the spring.

    By - Korbacs

    [Translators note: Editorial comment follows this editorial.]

    Our notable reporter, Mr. Korbacs, wrote this very interesting article on which we wish to comment. In Chicago there are many Hungarian men and women who through the years have served generously and faithfully all Hungarian social and cultural activities, both here and abroad. But these people were not available for political activities. So naturally the ambassador and the consul forgot about them as far as Horthy activities were concerned, and they forgot about them because they wanted to.

    The Horthy-Bethlen government was unfair in its distribution of crosses of recognition; therefore they cannot expect to received aid from the respectable and honest Hungarian-Americans. We Hungarian-Americans will not stand [inactive 9in the face of the distress of the] unfortunate people of Hungary. [we must give active support to their struggle against] this reign of terror.

    The Magyar Tribune heartily congratulates those Hungarian men and women, of Chicago and vicinity, whose contributions are impartial and always in the interests of social and cultural development [without thought of personal honors or awards of distinction.] These are the people who are the soldiers of the Hungarian cause, and they represent those Hungarians who are true and loyal to the fundamental principles of their people.

    In the animal kingdom there is a very patient animal which bears a cross on its back. During Admiral Horthy's last campaign in the United States he hung a fiery ...

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