The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Magyar Tribune -- October 05, 1917
    America's Second Liberty Loan (Editorial)

    The United States government in order to finish the war in which it is fighting for world peace and to make the world safe for democracy is appealing to its citizens for another war loan which is the second of its kind since we entered the war.

    This second loan is nothing to be alarmed about and we feel sure that the people will subscribe to it with one heart and one soul the way they did with the first loan, because we all realize that this money is being used to end war for all time. This purpose can only be accomplished through the united strength of the people of this nation.

    We will not speak of how much individuals love their country or how much concerned they are about the development of the human race: the lodges and 2societies should use their influence to induce their members to support the loan. If it is not successful, regardless how strong this nation might be, its general principles and aims will be completely shattered. Each and every lodge club, and other organizations must do something to secure the success of this loan.

    At this time the government wants to acquaint the foreign population with the necessity of the loan. The government has sent representatives to the foreign groups in order to acquaint them with the situation and from now on it is up to them to rally to the aid of our government. To support this loan it is not only a patriotic duty but also a good business investment. Its success depends on whether or not the public is fully acquainted with the facts. Every individual should purchase at least one bond.

    The Hungarian American citizens, as they always do, will find the path of righteiousness and recognize their patriotic duty. We all know that each and every citizen has his bit to do. The Hungarian American citizen knows that in the time of peace we should all be good law abiding citizens, and 3now, in time of war, we all know that not to help our country is a great sin.

    The foreign American citizens will make it possible for this second Liberty loan to be just as successful as the first one. This success will be the most expressive proof of good citizenship, patriotism, and of our love of a peaceful home.

    The United States government in order to finish the war in which it is fighting for world peace and to make the world safe for democracy is appealing to its ...

    Hungarian
    I G, I C
  • Magyar Tribune -- October 05, 1917
    Hungarian Activities in the United States (Editorial)

    The Hungarian American people of the United States have only one type of organization that has been of common interest to all of them and that is the lodge. The lodges are not all alike, but there is no essential difference in principles. They play a very important part in the life of the Hungarians and should be the focal point of all their various activities.

    Regardless of the difference in principles, it should be their duty to further the development of organizations so important to the social and moral life of the Hungarians. I know the activities that have taken place among our people in the United States, outside of those that have been sponsored by the lodges, there has never been anything of a permanent nature, undertaken and finished.

    2

    I don't want to blame any individual for their shortcomings; it would be very easy to name the persons who have done quite a bit to retard this great work. Placing the blame on individuals would not help the cause, but probably harm it, and what is more, if the Hungarian-Americans want to do something, create something, it should not be left solely to individuals.

    There must be enough power, leadership and cooperation among the Hungarian-Americans to develop permanent institutions, even though it be necessary to disregard individual ideas. Maybe the belief is extant that a good number of Hungarians will leave the country after the war and therefore would not be interested. But I do not think they will leave in such large numbers that permanent activities among our nationals will have to be discontinued. On the contrary such activities will probably become more important in the future since a great number of Hungarians undoubtedly will return to this country.

    3

    I don't want to write about what activities should be started by the Hungarian-Americans because I do not want to force anything on the people that they might not want, or sincerely believe in. The people themselves should feel what they want. The Hungarian-Americans should not do what I or some one else thinks is a good idea, but they should decide what is most necessary and desirable for our group.

    I can not tell what the Hungarian-American feels is the most important activity in his life; But I do know that every other nationality has done something in their own interest. Their interests vary. Some are interested in hospitals, orphanages, aid societies, and sport activities; the Hungarian-American can not boast of any of these things.

    I don't believe that any nationality should be any more interested in such institutions than the Hungarians. A body of men such as the lodges should take the initiative, otherwise I can't see how the Hungarian-Americans can accomplish anything worth while in this field.

    4

    I have presented this idea, hoping that the lodges and its members will go into action so that we Hungarians can keep up with the other nationalities. I do not claim to be the first one to suggest that we Hungarians do something for ourselves. Up to date our work has been planless and scattered, not touching the soul of the Hungarian-American. A radical change will have to take place, and it is up to ourselves to create the social activities and in situations which will aid us in achieving a brighter future.

    The Hungarian American people of the United States have only one type of organization that has been of common interest to all of them and that is the lodge. The ...

    Hungarian
    III B 2, II D 10, II D 3, II D 1, II D 4, II B 3, I C
  • Magyar Tribune -- January 04, 1918
    Why the Hungarian Worker Is Well Liked by America.

    There has never been a better opportunity to prove that the American people recognize the Hungarian workers. This is probably due to the conditions which exist between this country and Hungary. A question has been asked in the United States, what shall we do with the Hungarians? Shall they be dealt with the same as the Germans, or shall they be deported, as they are from most countries, who are citizens of a foreign country? This powerfully organized country has recognized the love, loyalty and liberal mindedness of the Hungarians who have become voluntary citizens of this country.

    The United States government has recognized these facts. President Wilson, instead of recognizing the Hungarians as hostile foreigners, as usual, in time of war, has put his arms around them and assured them that within the United States they may walk as free men. They shall have the same opportunities for employment that they have had. They shall have the same rights 2within the law that they have had.

    The Hungarian people have never denied their love for Hungary. This country never asked them to deny their love for the country of their birth. All the United States government wanted of them was that they be law abiding and faithful workers towards the fulfilment of tasks of this country. The Hungarian Americans have lived up to these expectations. These facts, of course, have put the Hungarian workers in favorable light in industry.

    Although the fact remains that the Hungarian worker did not establish himself during the war but away before the war they were recognized as favorable people to build the nation both morally and physically.

    The question will be asked, how did he establish himself? The answer is simple, the Hungarian is a good worker, and a good man as a citizen.

    It is natural that the Hungarian worker commands a lot of respect in industrial 3centers due to the fact that he can do hard physical work as well as good mental work. The Hungarian worker has a few very definite characteristics, he is exacting, sober minded, faithful and loyal in his work.

    The worker is not only liked by the employer, but is also liked by the city government and the community in which he lives. In order to analyze a man's character the American asks, does he belong to a church? Is he a God fearing man, and is he religions? And the Hungarian has everything in his favor with regards to the religious questions.

    The Hungarian mechanics are recognized as some of the best, and the American employer never hesitates to hire a Hungarian professional man.

    Industry likes the Hungarians, but does the Hungarian make a good soldier and does he like industry? The answer to this is unquestionably, yes.

    4

    It is only natural that Hungarians are entirely welcome to become citizens of the United States. They have been found to be good citizens both in this country and in their own.

    Therefore, taking everything into consideration, the Hungarian man becomes a contributing factor in the building of this country, and industry appreciates them and recognizes them for all they are worth.

    There has never been a better opportunity to prove that the American people recognize the Hungarian workers. This is probably due to the conditions which exist between this country and ...

    Hungarian
    III A, III H, I G, I C
  • Magyar Tribune -- June 06, 1919
    Peoples' Meeting a Success

    The Chicago-Hungarian Societies' committee held an open meeting for the Chicago-Hungarians Sunday afternoon at Wicker Park Hall.

    When the roll was called it was found that there were fourteen societies represented, although the larger part of the audience consisted of members of the I.W.W., the Social Labor Party, and the Social Party Association. The meeting was opened by Mr. Joseph Szoke, a fellow worker, who gave a short but very interesting talk. He spoke about the duty of American-Hungarian workers towards this country, at the same time reminding them of the causes that made them leave their homeland to seek their daily bread in a foreign country. Then Mr. Szoke, asked Mr. Armin Lowy to speak. He, too, spoke about the new Hungary, the bare constitutional routine of Hungary, an analyzed the causes of the War.

    2

    At the conclusion of the speeches, the chorus representing the Social Party sang the Hymn of Revolution. All pending resolutions were read next and were accepted unanimously. After this, Ernest Klopstein delivered a masterful speech, in which he asked the Hungarian-American workers to start organizational work, showing clearly that a well organized group would be able to protect itself. Mr. Klopstein told his audience that it was impossible to accomplish any of their aims by fighting for them in the streets, but we reach our goal by working like the machines of industry. We must organize and work together.

    This last speech caused a slight disturbance among the societies, and quite a few arguments were started, pro and con. In order to quell the arguments, the meeting was called to order and then adjourned in order.

    The Chicago-Hungarian Societies' committee held an open meeting for the Chicago-Hungarians Sunday afternoon at Wicker Park Hall. When the roll was called it was found that there were fourteen societies ...

    Hungarian
    I E, III A, III H, I C
  • Magyar Tribune -- July 18, 1919
    The Chicago Hungarian Home (Editorial)

    We have heard quite a lot about the plans for building a home for the aged Hungarian people of Chicago. We have also heard that certain movements have really been started to make this project a reality. It is a well-known fact that the Chicago Hungarians are faithful workers when they start anything of this nature. When they start something like this they do not stop until it is finished, provided it is handled by responsible persons and capable leaders.

    Many things have been started in the past, but nothing has been finished, by the Chicago Hungarians. Observers watching some of these Hungarian 2movements might liken them to large dark clouds moving overhead but holding very little rain. Loud talk, inspiring speeches, and spirited newspaper articles, seem to constitute the entire movement. When the time comes for tireless workers to enlist, everybody becomes silent and backs away, and so the movement is doomed.

    This is the way we stand at present with the building of a Hungarian Home. We all know that we need such an institution in Chicago, where our social and political affairs might be discussed; an institution the Chicago Hungarians would be proud to call their own. But up to now, we have had to be satisfied with idle talk about it. We have told each other how necessary a Hungarian Home is for the Hungarians of Chicago, but we have not acted accordingly.

    3

    The situation is not to the credit of the Chicago Hungarians. The small Hungarian colony in Aurora, consists of only 120 families yet they have built a Hungarian Home. We cannot praise these people for that, however, because they have done nothing else which would indicate that the Hungarian brotherhood really exists in that community.

    We can not build a Hungarian Home in Chicago by talking. Only through action can we have such a home.

    It seems as though some new ideas have come before the Hungarian people on the question of building this home.

    4

    The ideas are not presented by individuals, but by an organization, the oldest and largest Hungarian sick benefit society.

    The Chicago and Vicinity First Hungarian Social and Sick Benefit Society, has taken the situation in hand. This society is the first to take interest in the issue and give it serious thought. We can not deny the fact that nobody else would act, so all glory belongs to the ones now acting as sponsors.

    We can look to the future with great hope. It will not be long before we Chicago Hungarians will have an institution, of which we will have reason to 5be proud.

    The Hungarian Home building committee consists of such well-known Hungarians, as: Joseph Rakos, Joseph Fekete, Colman Molnars and others.

    Members of the committee are well-known and supported by the Chicago Hungarians. For this reason we trust that these men will work hard to make the project a success.

    There is one thing we all must remember, namely; that a captain cannot win a battle without the cooperation of his men.

    6

    It is useless to have a good committee if we, the soldiers, do not cooperate. Its success depends on us.

    If it happens that this great idea is not carried out successfully, which we believe it will be, it will not be the fault of the committee, it will be the fault of our Chicago Hungarians, and it will be to our disgrace.

    We must cease to be indifferent, make our brotherly love a reality and aid the committee in its good work, so that we can make this dream of Chicago Hungarians come true.

    We have heard quite a lot about the plans for building a home for the aged Hungarian people of Chicago. We have also heard that certain movements have really been ...

    Hungarian
    II D 5, II D 1, I C, IV
  • Magyar Tribune -- November 14, 1919
    What Is the Matter with the Hungarians of Chicago? (Editorial)

    During the last few weeks we have been writing articles concerning starvation among Hungarians in Europe. We have tried to arouse the feeling of the Chicago-Hungarians in every way possible. We have employed all the editorial schemes a newspaper is permitted to use in order to picture the terrible conditions abroad, and have explained the methods to relieve the conditions. To a certain extent, we have been successful. We have heard from a number of patriotic Hungarians who are willing to do their part in this behalf. We are trying to organize a society that will be in harmony with and conform to its ideals as has been done in other cities. At this time we are about ready to launch such an organization. Information has come to us that even those Hungarians who are not numbered among our readers have advised us of their intention 2to help feed the thousands of little children in Hungary in order that they may be saved. This fact has given us great encouragement. There is, however, one discouraging feature connected with this worthy movement. These prospective helpers will support our society providing we concede to some of their wishes. If they can be the leaders and we are the followers, if we are the contributors, and they are the donors, then all will be well. These people have been connected with organizations of this kind before, but this being a free and democratic country, and the majority of Hungarians being a democratic and freedom-loving people, such organizations have always failed.

    These self-styled leaders may think what ever they please of our group as a class. Today, this class is not a bunch of sheep following a bellwether. We are very particular whom we follow and whom we choose 3to represent us, and, in our opinion, this class of people has always been the backbone of all Hungarian organizations.

    As we understand it, the heart of every Hungarian has been deeply touched by the plight of those starving Hungarian children, but his heart will respond only if he can be the collector, if he can be the leader, if he can be the boss, and we, the working Hungarians become the contributors, and his obedient servants.

    Let us say right here and now that we have no objections to the character, integrity and ability of Mr. Joseph Byfield and to his associates. They may be conscientious men. We are glad to have them associated with us and take an interest in the affairs of the Hungarian community. But we do 4object to the un-American methods Mr. Byfield and his associates are using to obtain leadership and control of legitimate Hungarian movements in Chicago. We want to remind our readers that it was Mr. Byfield and his friends who took charge of The Hungarian Patriotic Association which, after operating a short time, was forced to disband. "Too many midwives, and the baby will die," says an old Hungarian proverb. There are no successful organizations in which everyone is a leader, but Mr. Byfield and his friends want to be nothing short of officials in all Hungarian movements. We sincerely admire their ambitions!

    It is quite an honor to be a leader of such a noble race as the Hungarians. We admire these men because they wish to be affiliated with our race, despite 5the fact these men rank very high socially in American society. What hurts us is that when these distinguished Hungarian gentlemen become heads or are officers of our organizations, about 45,000 Hungarians in Chicago become estranged from that very movement. This is not our personal opinion, but are the facts obtained from past experiences which have led us to form this deplorable conclusion and honest conviction.

    Our interest in this movement, as well as in any Hungarian movement, which will benefit the Hungarians of Chicago, is impartial. We feel that it is our duty as public servants to voice our opinion against these cliques whose methods are of a disadvantage to Hungarian traditions and public life.

    We hope Mr. Byfield and his friends have the 100,000 distressed Hungarian children in mind rather than the publicity that they might get out of the 6movement. We want them to be generous this time, not for our sake, not for the sake of democracy, but for the sake of the future Hungarian generation, whose fate rests with all of us.

    Let the Hungarian people of Chicago elect leaders whom they believe will lead them to the greatest success. We feel that the Chicago-Hungarians are intelligent enough to pick desirable and worthy men and women as their representatives.

    This has been done in all cities and localities where Hungarians live. If this is done the right way, the work and the responsibility is shouldered equally by all. We believe that every one is aware of the fact that we live in a democratic country, and so we want to follow the principles of 7that form of government.

    We hope that no one is offended by this article, that is not our intention. We also hope that it will not close the pocketbooks of those who are willing and able to contribute towards this noble cause. We repeat, we are ready to support this movement with all our power, but we do not want to sacrifice the great principle for which we have been fighting so earnestly and that which almost upset the whole world in the past five years. That great principle is this; no one has a monopoly over the Hungarians. No one can dictate to us. The people have their rights and we are for the rights of the people.

    Let the people Rule!

    During the last few weeks we have been writing articles concerning starvation among Hungarians in Europe. We have tried to arouse the feeling of the Chicago-Hungarians in every way possible. ...

    Hungarian
    I C, II D 10, III H, IV
  • Magyar Tribune -- February 13, 1920
    A Notice to Hungarian-Americans

    This article is written with reference to the activities of the American Relief Committee for Hungarian sufferers.

    This committee has reached a point where they think it is necessary to start activities among the entire Hungarian population of the United States in order that sufficient aid may be obtained for the children of Hungary, and to prevent their destruction. In the first 2place this affair strictly concerns all Hungarians. Those starving children in Hungary are Hungarians. To whom can these unfortunate children turn, or whom can they ask, if not the Hungarians-Americans who are able to help lighten the burden of suffering in our homeland?

    The Hungarians in the United States know that many months passed before the Hoover Committee listened to their pleas. Finally, this committee not only granted the pleas of the Hungarians, but also helped them obtain permission to communicate with and to aid their loved ones.

    3

    The time came, and no sooner did activities begin, than the first large contribution from this country reached Hungary. Today, there are 180 kitchens in Hungary advertising the activities of the Relief Committee. The children in 103 schools and 17 hospitals wish to express their gratitude for the contributions made by the generous Hungarians of America.

    In order that the Hungarian-Americans might be organized properly to conduct this charitable work, we have appointed Rev. Endre Szilagyi to take charge of it. He has just returned from Europe and fully 4understands the serious conditions that exist in Hungary. He will not only answer inquiries concerning these charitable activities, but will give advice in the matter of conducting them, so that to this end, the greatest good may be done and thus bring honor to the Hungarians.

    Reverend Szilagyi is ready to aid all Hungarian societies or church organizations in the promotion of this work. He is also willing to attend meetings and speak in both Hungarian and English in order to further this cause.

    As we mentioned previously, there are 180 kitchens, 103 schools, and 517 hospitals receiving benefits, from this charitable movement. It gives aid to 61,000 children in Hungary. The committee has gone one step further. It is now supplying food and plans to supply clothing soon. In a few weeks we will hear the good news that the good American Samaritan has clothed 10,000 Hungarian children. To date, contributions have reached the $300,000 mark. Of this amount, the Hoover Committee has turned over $259,000 to Budapest authorities, and at the present time they have $29,500 on hand.

    In order that this movement be a complete success, it is hoped that the contributions will reach the million dollar mark.

    6

    At the present time, the Hungarian-Americans have taken very little part in this movement, which should be their own. The Hungarians have always been known as a proud people. They would never accept help from a stranger. Today, when we have to save the future generation, we are letting strangers take care of this very important matter. Perhaps our Hungarian pride is dying.

    Let us organize and contribute. Those suffering children will remember that these contributions saved their lives. We must help them, and our names will be blessed. The entire Hungarian population must stand together, and become a mother, who lovingly embraces her starving children, thereby saving their lives and the future of our homeland.

    This article is written with reference to the activities of the American Relief Committee for Hungarian sufferers. This committee has reached a point where they think it is necessary to ...

    Hungarian
    II D 10, III H, I C, I G
  • Magyar Tribune -- April 16, 1920
    Correspondence from Hungary

    There are few Hungarians in this country today who have not received letters from friends or relatives who have gone back to Hungary, Most of these letters are very interesting. There are some that express great dissatisfaction though this is only true in a small number of cases. There are many interesting and educational letters received by this office concerning conditions in Hungary at the present time. We will endeavor to give our readers the general ideas contained in these letters.

    We do not wish any one to be alarmed because of the ideas which may be disturbing after reading such letters. Most of these letters 2are from people who formerly lived in the United States, but went back to Hungary after a long absence.

    It is true that today the Hungarian army is enlisting every man eligible for army service. But this is also true of the Czechoslovakian army and of all the neighboring countries.

    Here is an example of army enlistment: A young Hungarian man went back to the county in which he was born, but this county is occupied by the Czecho-Slovakians at the present time. For two days this man and his family enjoyed each other's company, but on the third day the Czecho-Slovakian government forced him to join their army. The distressed family 3wrote of their plight to friends in America.

    There is also a letter from the county of Miskolc, where the Hungarian army officials stayed three weeks enlisting men. The writer also states that the Slovak boys living in this county were joining the Hungarian army with great enthusiasm, claiming that if they could endure the World War for five years, they surely could fight the Czecho-Slovaks for one year. These Slavish boys are showing their mettle to Czecho-Slovakia. Regardless of their relationship to the Czecho-Slovaks, they know that their Czecho-Slovak brothers are Cains, and they they do not want to be Abels.

    There is another letter which reports that the Czecho-Slovaks have put a barbed-wire fence and have dug a trench along the border and have guards 4stationed along this fence with orders to shoot down any Hungarian who dares approach the border. It seems that the Hungarian people who emigrated from this country are farther way from their loved ones now than when they were in this country.

    This does not matter. The Hungarian boys have seen better barbed-wire fences than these. Whenever the time comes, it will be a very simple matter for them to hurdle these fences and cross trenches. Not even the great Wall of China can stop these brave Hungarian soldiers when the time is ripe for Hungary to fight.

    The most interesting incident that we have heard is related in the following:

    5

    A Hungarian man who was from the County of Szaboles decided he was going to return to his native land regardless of cost. The foremost thing in his mind was that he would arrive safely.

    He did reach the land of Hungary. He was tired from his long journey and it cost him much money to make the trip. Forgetting this, he was overjoyed that he was now on Hungarian soil. He continued his journey to that little town in which he originally lived.

    On his way, he reached the gently flowing waters of the Tisza River, and on the far side he saw the small white house of his own village. Looking across the river to his little village he realized that it was farther 6away than ever because at that time a Hungarian was not allowed to cross this river.

    Through some strange coincidence, his wife found out that her beloved husband was on the far side of the river. Upon reaching the banks of the river, she saw him on the other side. They exchanged greetings and their joy knew no bounds. The husband had come from America to see his loved ones. He knew that if he dared set foot on this Hungarian soil occupied by the Czecho-Slovaks, he would be shot at once. His predicament was worse now than before he emigrated from the United States.

    This is the way the man on his way to Szaboles, saw his loved ones.

    7

    That beloved Tisza River, which has seen the Huns of Atilla drink its water; Alfred the Conqueror, with the original Hungarians; the Turks, the Tartars, the Russians, and the Slavs, flowed gently on. This river will see a great deal more in the future.

    There are few Hungarians in this country today who have not received letters from friends or relatives who have gone back to Hungary, Most of these letters are very interesting. ...

    Hungarian
    III H, I G, I C
  • Magyar Tribune -- May 07, 1920
    New Relief Activities in Chicago

    The Hungarian Relief activities, which have been going on for the past three months, in order to aid starving Hungarian children, have conducted a very deserving work, gathering donations totaling more than $50,000. As this activity grew older, certain conditions developed which made it very difficult to get donations for this noble cause.

    It was found that the Hungarians were too weak financially to make sufficent donations to meet the requirements of the fund necessary to take care of these starving children of Hungary. Other donations from people who might well affort it, were small, due to the fact that there were other nationalities conducting similar campaigns. This particular situation was not 2only faced by the Hungarians, but all the other nationalities as well.

    A suggestion, made by the American Society of Friends, was very eagerly accepted by the different national groups.

    We find it necessary to explain to our readers who the American Society of Friends are. In America, there is a religious sect which is one of the oldest religious groups in this country, and are known as Quakers. They do not believe in War, and will not become involved in any enterprise where human life is at stake. This being one of their methods of teaching the faith of Christ. It is a well known fact that the United States exempted the Quakers from enlisting as soldiers. In order to 3show their patriotism, and true religions beliefs, they formed the "American Society of Friends" at the outbreak of the War. Work was begun immediately when circumstances permitted. France was the first country where they started their noble work. Out of the ruined towns in this country, they re-constructed fifteen towns. They plowed vast fields, and planted various grain in order that they would produce life-giving materials. After the War, they immediately moved into the countries that were more centrally located. Germany, Austria, Russia, and even Hungary, enjoyed some of the blessed work of this good-hearted organization. What they did in Hungary can be readily seen. When railroad transportation was practically at a stand still, and hospitals were 4in dire need of supplies, this organization used its own trucks to transport supplies, and in many cases, used their own supplies to aid these hospitals.

    This organization has submitted the following suggestion to the different foreign relief groups: To incorporate all the various foreign relief groups into one organization. Through this incorporation, the group would only have to solicit contributions only once from the American public, thereby they would receive larger contributions from individuals. The American press would cooperate in this movement, and it would supply publicity for this unified organization.

    5

    This proposition was taken up at a luncheon here in Chicago. Representatives from Germany, Hungary, Austria, Russia, Czecho-Slovakia, and Jugo-Slovakia, were present. The representative Hungarians who were present at this meeting were: Joseph Byfield. Dr. Stephen Barath, Mrs. Reiss, and Leo H. Laszlo. These representative Hungarians were very well satisfied with this proposition. Mr. Joseph Byfield was selected as the chairman of all Hungarian committies that will take part in this work.

    This luncheon also served as a medium through which the different nationaliites could bring about a more friendly feeling and a better understanding towards each other.

    6

    This newspaper will supply accurate information in regard to this work and its progress. We feel sure our readers are deeply interested in this new development.

    The Hungarian Relief activities, which have been going on for the past three months, in order to aid starving Hungarian children, have conducted a very deserving work, gathering donations totaling ...

    Hungarian
    II D 10, III H, I G, I C, IV, I J
  • Magyar Tribune -- July 30, 1920
    Karoly Huszar and the Chicago-Hungarians (Editorial)

    It is only a few years ago that we were in Hungary. This was before the War, when peace prevailed throughout the nation. As humble tillers of the soil, it was in that land across the sea that we first saw the first life-giving rays of the sun. There it was that we first enjoyed the warmth of this beautiful sun until we grew up and found ourselves facing the terrible hardships of life. The large number of native-born Hungarians who live in this country is proof enough that the hardships of life in Hungary once clouded the sky of their future happiness.

    Here in the United States we simply told one another that we could not make a living in Hungary. We can, unhesitatingly, state that we very seldom ran across a Hungarian in this country who could brag that the people entrusted with the responsibilities of the Hungarian government ever told him to remain there or that they would see to it that laws would be enacted 2to insure him a comfortable living in return for his hard work. If they ever asked us to stay, it was at the point of a bayonet and because they realized that they needed us in order that they might continue to live a life of luxury. These conditions drove the Hungarians out, who were unable to settle until they reached the gates of American farms, mines, and industrial centers.

    We all left and no one seemed to care much about us. The same carelessness that has bred trouble in Hungary, has driven us out by the thousands in search of better living conditions. After the exodus it seemed, as if only the priests, ministers, and land barons remained in Hungary.

    As the years went by, civilization was struck a dramatic blow by the World War. The unfortunate Hungarians were drawn into this world conflict by the same people who oppress the working people of Hungary.

    The situation existing today has again brought about the same shameful conditions 3that we hoped had ended forever. Today in Hungary the government is oppressing and killing the wage earner. In the nation from which the Hungarians of America came, that is, where we could not get our daily bread, the people who have been taking the bread right off the tables of the wage earners are wading through the blood of the workers and the Jews.

    It is a well-known fact that on this earth there are thousands of people not clear-minded enough to realize that after 1900 years it is years it is only natural that the human mind has developed and produced many new things, such as, electricity, wireless,and the airplane. That is why in this supposedly cultured world of ours, we find a little nation where murder and the blood of innocent people is flowing freely and with impunity. We can understand the good, thinking, faithful people, who in their condemnation weigh others according to their own standards, when they say that there isn't any White Terror or murder of the Jews in Hungary. They don't murder the workers, yet the Christian attitude of tolerance is gone from the Hungarian people. This attitude has been felt by all nations surrounding Hungary, and these nations have expressed 4themselves as not being able to stand the foul air being let off by Horthy.

    A whiff of foul Hungarian air has come across to us in this country. We Hungarian-Americans are being visited by Karoly Huszar, former Prime Minister of Hungary.

    He was the highest officeholder in Hungary at one time, a powerful man in political life. He has come to visit us in order to see us and talk to us. But we wonder whether he will see us or talk to us.

    Since Karoly Huszar has reached the United States, countless meetings have been arranged for him, and not once has he made a personal appearance. Many of the best organizations in the United States have made special arrangements to have him make personal appearances, but he has excused himself one way or another, thereby proving that he is here for no good, but to promote the activities of the White Terror.

    5

    Karoly Huszar was prominent in the organization of the Hungarian government that instilled fear and hate into the people of Hungary.

    Karoly Huszar is the Prime Minister blamed for the thousands of severe sentences, and murders inflicted upon innocent people. Now he has the nerve to come here among us who know him so well; he comes here as a wolf in sheep's clothing claiming that he is here for the purpose of freeing Hungarian prisoners in Siberia.

    Karoly Huszar committed a great crime against the Hungarian people by coming into this country as a Hungarian, and claiming that he would attend several gatherings where respectable Hungarians would pay strict attention to his advice.

    From New York we get the news that Karoly Huszar will not return to Hungary with a satisfied heart; instead he will go back disgusted and disappointed with the reception given him by the Hungarians. The great Hungarian colony 6of New York and vicinity spoke at the great Hungarian meetings, where there was no misunderstanding about the attitude of the Hungarian people, and rejected openly the visit of the representative of the White terror.

    This same reaction has taken place in the other large cities which he visited. We hope that this feeling will spread all over the country to every spot where there are respectable Hungarians and that they will take the same attitude.

    The signs indicate that Karoly Huszar has more hopes of success in cities of the Middle West. His stay in New York was unsuccessful, but things may be different in Chicago. This is the reason why it is not sufficient that we alone know the tactics of the White Terror; we must also show Huszar, who can see with his own eyes and hear with his own ears, that the Chicago Hungarians know what he has done to those Hungarians who live across the sea.

    Chicago Hungarians, we must prepare to receive this guest!

    It is only a few years ago that we were in Hungary. This was before the War, when peace prevailed throughout the nation. As humble tillers of the soil, it ...

    Hungarian
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