The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- March 03, 1879
    Anton Buscher

    Anton Buscher, the wood carver, died after a long illness at his home on May Street. The deceased was born in Gamburg, Grand Dutchy of Baden, in 1825. He showed great talent for wood carving during his early youth and eventually this craft became his life's work. Coming to America, twenty-four years ago, he stayed in New York three years and then settled in Chicago, where he lived for the last twenty-one years. Within a short time he became well known as an expert wood carver and builder of altars, and there is hardly a Catholic church in the country which cannot show some of his work. His most imposing production is the main altar of the Jesuit Church of Chicago. Mr. Buscher's life was dedicated to his art. He associated with few people but was highly esteemed by those who knew him.

    He is survived by his widow and four children; the oldest, a son, is studying at the Academy of Art, in Munich, Germany.

    The funeral will be held at St. Francis Church, tomorrow, at nine o'clock 2in the morning.

    His personal friend of long standing, Reverend Caluelage, will officiate at the services.

    Anton Buscher, the wood carver, died after a long illness at his home on May Street. The deceased was born in Gamburg, Grand Dutchy of Baden, in 1825. He showed ...

    German
    II A 3 a, V A 2
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 04, 1891
    The German Building.

    We herewith give you an illustration of the new German Building reproduced from Der Westen (The West, a German paper, Translated.) The object of this creation is to produce an edifice, whereby the higher ideals of the German population may find stimulation and satisfaction from a social standpoint and at the same time construct the building in such a manner, that the proceeds therefrom will defray the maintenance expense, which is considerable. It was a very difficult problem for the administration.

    The main purpose of the building is to provide a "German Theatre" where performances will be given daily; this required considerable space, not only on the ground level but it included five floors and, as there are many more assembly halls, it was found necessary to resort to sky scraper construction, in order to add sufficient rooms, so that the income from rents could defray the expense.

    This made it inadvisable to select one of the academic historic styles for the facade. Neither antiquity, the mediaeval age nor the present period, only the ultra modern time has succeeded in perfecting vertical transportation to its present 2degree of excellence which was most essential, because of the ever increasing congestion into the preferred (?) districts of a city and this system was unknown to the ancients. To the classic styles and the Renaissance which developed therefrom with its serene, deliberate treatment, its strong horizontal lines, with the definitely prescribed proportions for the various dimensions, this competition to scale the sky is simply something atrocious when architectural appearance is considered, and all attempts to combine these unfriendly elements into an harmonious whole, have failed. Even if the Gothic, vertical lines have developed structures of the highest artistic merit, these were always strictly monumental buildings, which were not required to serve a useful purpose. In our case it was not desired to build a high tower in honor of the Lord, something lofty that reaches towards heaven, but it was demanded to erect an entire building, 165 feet high, on an area of 1,000 square feet. (Translator's note: Subsequent dimensions in the same article, quote an area of 3,000 square feet on the 10th floor.) Yet the sense for beauty had to be considered and it must not be forgotten, that the building has been dedicated to a communal spirt, to a longing towards an ideal, by citizens of a free city, adherents of a people who advanced far in culture and in conforming to all this, the utilization of every conceivable space was something which could not be ignored. Besides, one 3is confronted with Chicago's swampy soil, which imposes further limitations. That made it impossible to make the plan of the building conform to the definite patterns of some historic style. Just as the masters of the classic Greek, the Roman, Romanesque and Gothic architecture, and just as the artists of the Italian, French and German Renaissance added to the bequeathed wisdom, by bringing to it new thought and phantasy, in order to fulfill the demands of their contemporaries, had to consider available building materials, the dexterity of the obtainable artisans and trades, which brought a gradual architectural development throughout the centuries, and just as in by gone ages the epochal builders, perhaps even unawarely, founded new styles slowly, subtly,by alterations here and there so also it became the task of the Administration of the "Chicago German Opera House Company" and the architects, to add their share in creating the new archictural style of the twentieth century.

    No heavy quarried stone or brick was to be used for walls, and arches, instead steel beams and rods, riveted together formed a skeleton, which was clothes with hollow tile. Economic reasons demanded many windows and precluded large wall surfaces.Sunshine and air should be available to all parts of the building. The gigantic 4pillars of the Greeks, the arches... of the Romans, the umbrageous, romantic colonnades of the romanesque, the Norman and Gothic designs with their ornamental and admirable treatment of each motion....were not to be copied...We intend to give a more detailed account later....

    The plot of ground is 80 feet on Randolph Street, a depth of 181½ feet towards the alley, the latter is 18 feet wide.

    The basement contains the necessary, large assortment of machinery, dressing rooms, meeting rooms, storage rooms for the stage and a restaurant fashioned in the manner of a German Rathskeller where beer is also available.

    On the ground level is the forty feet wide entrance, next to it on each side a space to be rented for restaurant purposes. The theater, similar to the auditorium, can be reached from the main floor, likewise the second floor. It will have 1,257 seats and rises to the fifth floor which allows a considerable grade for the floor level and galleries, it enables every one in the audience to have an unobstricted view of the stage. It is also one of the characteristics of this theater, that the galleries are supported by iron posts, which eliminates all pillars inside of the theater.

    5

    On each side of the theater, exits will be provided which lead... into the alley. On the main floor are two foyers, each gallery has one... Iron, steel, marble, slate and concrete are used on the stage, for stairways, the loft above the stage, galleries, etc., to prevent serious fires. The stage will be supplied with the artificial horizont, which our readers probably know from the auditorium. It was copied from German theaters...Mechanical methods shall be the best available and, aside from the auditorium, it will be the only nearly fireproof stage in America.

    The area of the stage will be 40 x 80 feet. Height of stage from procenium to attic which contains the scenery, 71 feet. Illumination for theater and audience requires 1,400 electric lamps. Fresh air, steam heated by coils, is supplied by two fans, having a capacity of 2½ million cubic feet per hour; distribution is obtained without noticeable draft....

    Other public halls are on the 12th floor, one with 600, the other 250 seats. Both can be used as dance halls, large reception and dressing rooms are provided. The 11th floor, will be used entirely by a German business men's club, which will be organized in the near future. This space provides for dressing, reading, play, billiard and dining rooms, etc., the 10th floor will be used solely for a restaurant 6of 3,000 square feet and a number of smaller, private dining rooms and kitchen.

    For hotel purposes 131 rooms with 38 baths and 10 rooms for the personal are also available. Besides these the reception and business rooms found customarily in hostelries of the first rank.

    For ventilation throughout the halls and rooms, kitchen, bathrooms, etc, and the saloon in the basement, five fans are used which are electrically driven. 2,500 electric lights... excluding the theater will be used. Steam heat is used.

    The foundation calls for 900 piles 30 feet long, to be driven into the ground... steel and concrete above this.

    The theater proper is surrounded by a wall, three feet thick. On it the 25 foot high, steel supports are mounted, on which the remaining eight floors rest. The balance of the construction consists of riveted steel pillars and beams. All connections are riveted. The vertical and horizontal sections are filled with hollow tile. All stairs are made of marble, slate and iron. Four passenger and one freight elevators connect all floors.

    7

    The artistic embellishments and the difficulties of construction will be treated in a separate chapter later; illustrations will be included.

    We herewith give you an illustration of the new German Building reproduced from Der Westen (The West, a German paper, Translated.) The object of this creation is to produce an ...

    German
    III C, II A 3 d 1, II A 3 a, II F
  • Abendpost -- July 21, 1893
    The World's Fair The Speckhardt Clock in the German House a Most Remarkable Work of Art at the Fair

    Daily from 11 A.M. until 4 P.M. hundreds of people assemble at the Southern side Chapel of the German House, to view one of the greatest art productions that the World's Fair contains. This is the clock build by Mr. Gustav Speckhardt, the court clock-maker of Prince Alfons of Bavaria, that is here since the opening of the fair, but suffered so much during transportation, that only until a week ago it was possible to make it work. Two things are to be admired on this clock: the case and the mechanism. The first is a wonderful structure, a masterpiece of the wood carving art. It is hard for the onlooker to believe that this is a creation of a newer date; one is more inclined to suppose that this wonderful structure, kept in the old Gothic style, comes from the fourteenth century.

    The substructure stands on a low pedestal and is carried by snails and turtles, 2the heads of the latter actually move. Around the pedestal is a gallery decorated in the center by an eagle, fixed in Hupp's way. The eagle with Patrona Maria on its chest symbolizes the State of Bavaria and its patron-saint. Further, we see at the gallery the escutcheons of Bavaria and of the United States of North America, also at the right and left coats of arms with the colors of Nuremberg and Mount Kofel, near Oberammergau. Into this pedestal are also inlaid two beautifully etched tablets, containing the wonderful song of E. Von Destouches, "The Salute of the Cross," which refers to the escutcheon with Mount Kofel and is lettered in excellent old Gothic characters. In the interior of the pedestal are the works of an organ. On the middle structure we see the old testament represented by Moses and the Jewish prophets. A gallery-like embrace is drawn over these figures, whose Gothic designs carry various forms.

    But the chief points of interest for the visitor develop themselves above this gallery. In a stage-like niche is shown to us the entire history of Christ's passion, in the form of the Oberammergau passion play, so divided 3into groups that after every hour a new group appears in the niche, starting at the "entry of Christ into Jerusalem" to the "Resurrection." The figures of all these groups move and the organ plays a hymn relating to the scene. All of the figures of the passion play were made by so-called "Herrgott Schnitzers" (Lord God Carvers) and therefore represent an originality on the clock.

    To the left and right we see the exhibition of two oriental street views in splendid sculpture of Heinrich Blab which were glazed by the painter Wilhelm Ritter. The perspective effect is masterly. Below the street pictures we read in the Latin language: "If thou hast only perceived on this thine day, what serves thee to thy peace!" On pillars stand the apostles Peter, Paul, James and John as representatives of the new testament. Tower-like rises the clock house over the center niche. Here is the dial face with the sun in the center; on the hands are the moon and the stars. Below the dial we see on a fluttering ribbon the year numbers 1492 and 1892. In the left corner we notice a part of the globe, on which is etched the word "Amerika"; at the right, Columbus, standing in a little boat. A handsome, striking clock is contained in a separate 4little tower. It carries the words, on the side of the death which strikes the quarter hours, "As the thief in the night." (Added: So comes the hour of death:) On the side of the angel which strikes the full hours, we read: "Estote Parati" (Be ready). At the top of the little tower is the cock, announcing the morning and evening by loud crowing. As a crowning feature of the work, there rises 15 feet high, the "Last Judgment" represented by three angels playing trumpets. Instead of the hand indicating the seconds is used the "Egg of Columbus" which grows out of a flower. It is represented by a regular chicken's egg and makes one full turn every minute. The case contains fourteen clock works, from the big tower clock-work to the small watch-work, and the creation as a whole is designed and executed in all its details by the above-mentioned Mr. Speckhardt. The architecture for it was created by Mr. Clemens Kessler, and the sculptural works were modeled and carved by the sculptor, Mr. Blab. The work of the carpenter is excellent, and so is the painting. The entire work is an outstanding work of art and is continuously beseiged by visitors. In order to give everybody a chance to see the wonderful 5mechanism function, the work is wound up at intervals of one hour.

    Daily from 11 A.M. until 4 P.M. hundreds of people assemble at the Southern side Chapel of the German House, to view one of the greatest art productions that the ...

    German
    II A 3 a, II B 1 c 3, III H
  • Abendpost -- January 13, 1894
    The Heart of Chicago.

    The Abendpost succeeded in acquiring possession of a wonderful painting, which represents the loop-business district of Chicago. The artist had to take at first photographic pictures from eight different angles and finally accomplished his task by painting the combination-view on the roof of the Monadnock Building.

    The painting, made by a German artist is giving an impressive picture of the "Wonder City."

    There have been made 1100 copies of the original. These copies can be bought at 25 per copy in the office of the Abendpost.

    The Abendpost succeeded in acquiring possession of a wonderful painting, which represents the loop-business district of Chicago. The artist had to take at first photographic pictures from eight different angles ...

    German
    II A 3 a
  • Abendpost -- March 16, 1894
    57 Years in Chicago.

    Death has again torn a gap into the dwindling group of old Chicago settlers. This time it is John Weckler, who died yesterday at his home at 519 Sedgwick Street, 85 years old.

    Weckler came in 1836 from Germany to Chicago, where he lived all his life. He earned his living at first as a woodcutter, but saved industriously and opened in 1841 the historic "Kinzie Street House", which was located on Kinzie Street between La Salle and Wells Streets. It became the first hotel on the North side and at the same time the meeting place for all Chicago, Germans. The deceased is survived by five sons and four daughters, all grown up.

    The funeral will be next Sunday at 9:30 A.M. at the St. Michael's Church, Cleveland Avenue and Eugenie Street.

    Death has again torn a gap into the dwindling group of old Chicago settlers. This time it is John Weckler, who died yesterday at his home at 519 Sedgwick Street, ...

    German
    IV, II A 3 a, III A, II A 2
  • Abendpost -- July 20, 1896
    School of Arts and Crafts, Drawing & Painting

    To the art-loving public of Chicago it will be of interest to learn, that the highly thought of artist of Aquarelle paintings, Mr. Peter Woltze, opened a course of watercolor painting and sketched of nature in the "Columbian Trade and Business School", 239-241 Wabash Avenue. The son of the famous painter, Berthold Woltze, professor of the School of arts in Weimar (Germany), Mr. Woltze received his first instructions there, and later visited the academies in Karlsruhe and Munich, after which he studied for three years in Italy. In Venice, Mr. Woltze was favored by becoming a special pupil of the world-famous Aquarelle painter, Louis Passini. His local works, of which "Pictures of Negro Life in the South," and those World's exposition pictures shown in the Bancroft Publications, have found the largest circulation, are greatly in demand among American art-connoisseurs.

    For weeks already, Mr. Woltze has been busily engaged, with a large 2class of ladies, in the various parks of our city, to make sketches of nature, at which task, teacher as well as pupils are displaying great ardour. Next fall, beginning September 7th, some more special courses are planned: Decorative paintings of furniture and draperies, architectual-perspectives in water color, industrial drawings and paintings for decorators, furniture manufacturers, artistic locksmiths, gold and silver smiths, wood-stained pictures, and articles in groups, depending on the selection of the pupil for her particular occupation.

    Further information will be gladly furnished by the manager of the above named institution, Mr. Joseph Silvers.

    To the art-loving public of Chicago it will be of interest to learn, that the highly thought of artist of Aquarelle paintings, Mr. Peter Woltze, opened a course of watercolor ...

    German
    IV, II A 3 a, II B 2 f
  • Abendpost -- April 07, 1909
    German Art Exhibition

    Last night in the Art Institute the opening of modern German works of art took place with a large crowd in attendance. The exhibition has been arranged by the New York lover of art, Mr. Hugo Reisinger, with the sanction and protection of the German Emperor. It is destined to give the American public an idea of the position and progress of the present German art.

    The show was a great success in an artistic and social way. About five thousand invitations had been sent out and only a few of the invited were absent. From the start to the finish a great crowd of visitors pushed through the five halls of the southern wing of the Art Institute. All nations and social classes were represented. The American and German element was equally divided. The German Ambassador, Count Bernstorff, had sent a telegram with his regrets for being unable to appear personally. Also, Governor Dineen and Mayor Busse excused themselves. Consul Dr. Paul Roh acted as host, and he was assisted by General Frederic Dent Grant of the Federal Army, Mr. W. M. R.

    2

    French, Director of the Art Institute and the Belgian Consul, Mr. Charles Henrotin. Sixty ladies of the women's clubs of the Germania Society, the Fortnightly Club and other associations, comprising some of the best known ladies of Chicago Society, assisted with the reception.

    President Charles L. Hutchinson, in the name of the Board of Administration of the Art Institute sent the following cable to the German Emperor, who had authorized the exhibition of numerous art works from his collections and from the Royal Art Museum of Berlin. The telegram reads:

    "The Board of Administration of the Art Institute in Chicago takes the liberty of announcing the successful opening of the German Art exhibition and hopes that it will strengthen the good relations which already exist between these two great nations." The collection is housed on the first floor of the south wing of the Art Institute, and fills five rooms and one hall, in which the drawings and sketches found a place. The statues and monuments are distributed in the rooms. The collection can be inspected free on all days when no admission 3is charged by the Institute, Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays and holidays; on all other days an admission fee of twenty-five cents is charged.

    Last night in the Art Institute the opening of modern German works of art took place with a large crowd in attendance. The exhibition has been arranged by the New ...

    German
    III H, II A 3 a
  • Abendpost -- January 04, 1916
    Destitute German Veterans Annual Festivity in Commemoration of the Founding of the German Empire

    The administrative council in charge of the Veterans Relief Fund created on Jan. 18, 1911, will hold its annual festivity at the Northside Turn hall on Thursday, Jan. 20, to commemorate the founding of the German Empire 45 years ago. The entire net proceeds will be used to augment the relief fund which has been created for the benefit of the local destitute veterans of Germany's significant period, the years 1864, 1866, and 1870-71. Nearly all of the 160 veterans living here, excluding the injured, were in France on that memorable day, Jan. 18, 1871, when the German Empire was founded in the Royal Palace at Versailles. [Explanatory - We Americans call it the "the Palace," but the German newspaper uses the term "castle," which is probably more appropriate, as this building was formerly a fortress. Transl.]

    2

    Many of the men were already members of the older contingents at that time, and now, unfortunately, about one fourth are in dire distress through no fault of their own, suffering from relapse and ailments attributable to advanced age. [This sentence refers to the "Land-wehrleute" or "Home-defense men," old men used for reserves during the Franco-German war of 1870-71.]

    Let us hope that Chicago's Germanity will, at least on this day, not forget the German veterans who have been in our midst for the last forty years.

    The program will be: Address by Professor Scherger, of the Armour Institute; a cappella singing by the twenty-three United Male Choral 3Clubs of Chicago, under the leadership of Karl Reckzeh; concert by M. Ballmann's entire orchestra; marble groups (impersonated) by the Active Division of the Chicago Turngemeinde (gymnast community, in this sense comprises several clubs. Trans.); Large, animated picture: Deference to the German Emperor and the Emperor and King of Austria-Hungary, Franz Joseph, soldiers of various nations. In the background, George Washington and the Angel of Peace. [The article, in reference to the German Emperor, does not state whether the present ruler is meant or the crowning of the Emperor in 1871. Trans.]

    Finale: Imposing theatrical production, "The Siege of Warschau," by Ullrich Haupt. The actors of the German Theater will cooperate, as well as the Song Divisions of the German Veterans Association of 4Chicago and many former soldiers, all in the regular grey field uniforms. Trenches and other realistic displays, etc.

    Admission 50 cts. No dancing.

    The administrative council in charge of the Veterans Relief Fund created on Jan. 18, 1911, will hold its annual festivity at the Northside Turn hall on Thursday, Jan. 20, to ...

    German
    III B 2, II B 1 c 1, III B 3 a, II A 3 a, II D 10
  • Abendpost -- May 09, 1923
    Honorable Recognition.

    Wm. Boeppler, the meritorious conductor of the Chicago Singverein, received the news, that the Association of Academical German Professional Musicians, had appointed him as an honorable member of the Philharmonic Relief Association, in recognition of the help which the Singverein and other associations, through Mr. Boeppler's inducement, had rendered to old German musicians who were in need. The same recognition was bestowed upon Frederic A. Stock, Conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.

    Wm. Boeppler, the meritorious conductor of the Chicago Singverein, received the news, that the Association of Academical German Professional Musicians, had appointed him as an honorable member of the Philharmonic ...

    German
    IV, II A 3 a, II D 1
  • Abendpost -- August 29, 1926
    German Artist Adopts Chicago as Field for His Activities.

    Professor Julius Mossel of Munich, who became prominent because of his magnificent decorative paintings, arrived here several days ago from Germany with the purpose of adopting Chicago as a field for his activities and of establishing himself here.

    Undoubtedly, Chicago will thereby benefit tremendously through the introduction of an almost entirely new artistic concept, namely the uniting of painting with architecture. Professor Mossel is regarded as one of the most prominent experts in the sphere of decorative art. Innumerable great paintings in Germany give most eloquent evidence of the creative artistic power of Prof. Mossel.

    2

    He has decided now to select America as his future field of activity because of the unhappy economic conditions prevailing in his homeland. Those conditions made it impossible for him to develop his talents to their fullest extent.

    Prof. Mossel said about his immigration, "The reason I have left my country is because of the improbability of a return of prosperity there for a long time."

    The artist expressed himself about his future as follows: "I have not much time left. I am getting old and desire to rest. I have worked 38 years. I hope that the people in this beautiful country will make use of my services, that is the reason I am here, and I brought along my considerable practical knowledge.

    "I will accept any great or small order, but I decline to accept fees of artisans, because what I do and the way I do it, does not compare with the regrettable insufficiency of such men."

    3

    Professor Mossel was born Oct. 10th, 1871, in Munich. He became a painter and won a reputation as an outstanding artist through his creative power, his tenacious diligence, and his inexhaustible imagination.

    As an interior architect he also created great works of art, and finished numerous paintings in private buildings. He is also prominent as an author of technical and scientific periodicals.

    Professor Mossel's comments about America's productions in the field of decorative art, are very interesting. He said: "I have noticed that here in America the correct application of colors in architecture is seen only occasionally. The element of coloring, so sparingly applied, is probably the result of wrong instruction and education in the field of art for more than a hundred years."

    Professor Mossel has chosen as his home the Madison Park Hotel, 1380 Hyde Park Blvd.

    Professor Julius Mossel of Munich, who became prominent because of his magnificent decorative paintings, arrived here several days ago from Germany with the purpose of adopting Chicago as a field ...

    German
    IV, II A 3 a, II A 3 c