The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 18, 1861
    Polytechnical School (Editorial)

    About two years ago a member of our editorial staff, who at that time was also Mechanic's Institute, advocated the erection of a polytechnical school in Illinois. The Institute adopted the detailed recommendation, and in 1859 Representative C. Butz introduced a proposal to the state legislature to investigate the suitability of a Chicago site. The proposal was referred to a committee, and owing to the confusion of that session (a result of a Democratic majority in the legislature) nothing more was heard of it. Mechanic's Institute has again taken up this matter, and has sent its president to Springfield to urge in person the acceptance of a bill recommending that polytechnical school be established in Chicago. The necessary money could be raised by selling part of the ground appropriated for a college; the most valuable part of this property lies in Cook County. The interest yielded by the sum realized through the sale of this land would be sufficient to defray the cost of operating such an institution. The importance of a poly 2technical school has been explained previously. It would be a school to provide higher training for mechanics, machinists, contractors, engineers, and farmers, and it would have a beneficial effect on the agriculture and industry of the entire country.

    Furthermore, it would relieve the overcrowding of professions (medicine, law, etc.) by the children of farmers and tradesmen, inasmuch as it would create a new social class which would be sufficiently educated to maintain an equal position in society with college educated people--although it had no such education--and would also serve to counterbalance the abstract and one-sided education which is now in vogue.

    About two years ago a member of our editorial staff, who at that time was also Mechanic's Institute, advocated the erection of a polytechnical school in Illinois. The Institute adopted ...

    I A 1 a, II A 1
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 14, 1862
    Sigel's Resignation (Editorial)

    The St. Louis correspondent of the New York Tribune writes:

    "Fourteen days ago I wrote about the underhand and infamous way in which General Sigel was treated. The scandalous system has had the desired result: General Sigel has resigned.

    It seems that the authorities want to keep his resignation secret. On Thursday evening a local citizen wished to telegraph the news to a friend in Cincinnati, but the message was not forwarded by the telegraph company. The gentleman tried again on Friday, but the Government censor peremptorily refused to accept the message, on order of the military authorities, though he admitted that the message was true.


    In bygone days we have had similar experiences, and by and by we will be accustomed to them. It will be remembered that immediately after Fremont's dismissal and return to this city, the Government censor suppressed all news concerning the matter. When the Pathfinder arrived here and was welcomed, more like a victor than a dismissed general, the inexorable censor deemed it unwise to publish the facts through the press.

    We are losing General Sigel because he refused to be banished to a post which he could not honorably accept. The General is neither arrogant nor conceited; on the contrary, there is not another general in this department who is as modest and as unassuming as General Sigel; but when the recognition which he obviously deserves is withheld, when the troops that enlisted for the especial purpose of serving under his command are taken from him and assigned to others, and when he is placed under officers who have much less experience than he has (not to speak of ability), no one can blame him for feeling offended.

    Sigel is not especially popular with some of the officers of the regular 3army. They find pleasure in belittling him, and the words and expressions which they use when speaking about him should not proceed from the mouths of gentlemen.

    His chief fault and the cause for their prejudices toward him lie in the fact that he is not a native American, that he has won enviable reputation since the outbreak of the War, and that he was not educated at West Point. It would be unjust to the officers of our regular army if we did not mention that many of them (perhaps the majority) gladly acknowledge the eminence of General Sigel and do not begrudge him his reputation among the people. No doubt General Halleck is too good a soldier and too just to deny the meritorious work of Sigel. (Our readers know right well that the opposite is true.)

    It would be superfluous to mention that the masses have full confidence in General Sigel; for his glorious deeds are the subject of conversation throughout the length and breadth of the land. The loyal Germans in Missouri rushed to arms immediately after the fall of Fort Sumter, while the native citizens 4spent much time discussing "armed neutrality" and kindred foolish subjects. It is only just to say that the Stars and Stripes would not be waving over one square foot of Missouri's soil, had it not been for the Germans. The Germans trust Sigel and look upon him as their representative.

    The Rebels have often tried to make Sigel's masterful retreat appear ridiculous; but anyone who accompanied the Army on its march through Missouri, under the leadership of Generals Fremont and Lyon, knows from statements of the Rebels themselves that they (the Rebels) feared no general of our Army more than they did General Sigel. In the year 1849 he commanded the Revolutionary Army in Germany, and anyone who wished to know of his reputation need only ask the people who fought at that time, no matter whether they served under General Sigel or under his opponents, the Prussians.

    It is reported that if his resignation is accepted General Sigel intends to return to his former position as instructor in mathematics. It is imperative that such a calamity be avoided; he must be persuaded to change his mind.


    If he is forced to resign, time will tell who is responsible for his resignation, and the guilty will have much to answer for.

    The St. Louis correspondent of the New York Tribune writes: "Fourteen days ago I wrote about the underhand and infamous way in which General Sigel was treated. The scandalous system ...

    I J, II A 1, III D, I G
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- October 10, 1870
    Report of Agent of German Society of Chicago, April 1, to October 1, 1870

    Requests for employment 1,273
    Employment secured for 579
    Advice or information given to 1,818
    Aid secured from County Agent or Relief and Aid Society for 43
    Secured free or reduced fares for 38
    Secured medical care for 31
    Located lost baggage for 30
    Located relatives for 8
    Letters received 244
    Letters written 368

    Money recovered from swindlers amounted to $542.45; 146 persons 2received $324 from the support fund of the Society.

    These figures describe as accurately as possible the activity of the Agent of the Society during the past six months.

    The number of those who sought employment is very large in proportion to the number of those for whom employment was secured. This condition is not unusual. It is not due to a lack of effort on the part of the Agent, but partly to the fact that there are certain recurrent periods when labor is plentiful but jobs are scarce, and partly to the fact that most employers do not apply to the German Society when they are in need of workers, while the unemployed all flock to our office; and finally, partly to the fact that applicants for work frequently are not suited to work that is available. In most instances your Agent was able to give advice or imformation that was sought; aid was always rendered, unless too great an expenditure of money was involved, as for instance, when an indigent immigrant family required a 3home, furniture, clothing, food, etc., or when a family that had resided here for some time needed repeated and continuous help, or when free transportation to a far distant destination was asked. The means of the Society are much too limited to meet such demands.

    Free medical aid was rendered whenever it was applied for, or appeared to be necessary. We take pleasure in acknowledging that Dr. E. Best and Dr. R. Seiffert were always willing to serve the needy, gratis, and that their help was generous. However, it was more difficult to secure help, that is, admission to the County Hospital, for those persons who had no home. As everybody knows, the County Hospital is so limited with respect to space, that persons who should be admitted, often are refused. And, to make matters worse, the Board of Supervisors has ruled that nobody may be received for treatment unless he or she has been a resident of Cook County for at least six months. Although this rule is justified, if it is applied to needy sick 4persons who are brought to this city from other parts of the state or country, it cannot be defended, and is everything but humane when applied to indigent immigrants or other persons who take sick in Chicago while they are enroute to some other place. A change of this illiberal policy appears to be just as necessary as an extension of the County Hospital. The Board of Supervisors has voted to add to the capacity of the institution by erecting another building and expects the addition to be ready for occupancy late this year. Several needy immigrants who had been rejected by County Hospital authorities gained admission to Alexian Brothers', Hospital through the mediation of Dr. Seiffert.

    <table> <tr> <td>Requests for employment</td> <td>1,273</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Employment secured for</td> <td>579</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Advice or information given to</td> <td>1,818</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Aid secured from County Agent or Relief and ...

    III B 2, II D 10, II D 8, II D 3, II A 1
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- March 22, 1871
    [Dr. Weitze Dead]

    Death of Dr. Ferdinand Weitze who was chief physician of the 44th Illinois Volunteer Regiment in the Civil War and did valiant service in the battles of Pea Ridge and Perryville, later on becoming a highly popular physician on the Chicago Westside.

    Dr. Weitze, born in Aschersleben in Prussia, participated in the revolution of 1849, saved himself by swimming through a river, into France and had built himself a practice in Alsatia when a decree of Napoleon III forced him once more to emigrate.

    Death of Dr. Ferdinand Weitze who was chief physician of the 44th Illinois Volunteer Regiment in the Civil War and did valiant service in the battles of Pea Ridge and ...

    IV, III D, II A 1
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 30, 1871
    (No headline)

    (Report on the Peace Celebration runs to about 18,000 words. Only a very abbreviated abstract can be of interest. The Staats-Zeitung estimates the number of people who participated in the parade at 25,000, the number of hourses 11,000, and the cost at $200,000.) "The parade has the importance of a victorious battle against the prejudices and erroneous opinions of the other nationalities."

    Exactly at 4:30 A:M drums and trumpets awakened the sleeping on all sides of the city, and a few minutes later 101 cannon shots - fired by Captain Tobey at Lake Park rang out over the city. The streets were at 6 A:M busier than they are on great holidays at noon. The centers of activities were on North Clark and North Wells Streets. In the German House, the headquarters of the parade committee (North Wells) the historical part of the parade - 500 men and boys - donned its costumes. Punctually at 9:15 the participants in the parade started from there towards the real starting where they arrived at the intended time.

    On the west side the festival marshal and adjutants reported to the Assistant, Peter Hand, at exactly 7 A:M. It was hard work to bring order into the chaos, 2but against all hope the head of the train started on its way already at 10 o'clock. The route of the march, by the way, was changed at the last moment so that the parade marched past the windows of the Tribune, Staats-Zeitung, Evening Post, Union, Mail and so forth. The police functioned excellently, policemen on horseback having "cleaned up" the streets for the sake of the parade.

    The head of the parade was composed of Police Commissioners Gund (one of the festival marshals), at the left and right of him two police superintendents in gala uniforms. On a fiery grey horse followed Capt. Miller with 20 policemen on horseback, Capt. Hickey with 20 policemen on horseback, and Capt. Fox likewise. Then the leaders of the police and the band of the Great Western Light Guard.

    Then the Festival Marshal, Henry Greenebaum, with a brilliant staff: General-Adjutant Dominick Klutsch, First Assistant Marshal; Peter hand, Second Assistant Marshal: Frank Schweinfurth, Third Assist. Marshal: August Neuhaus, 3First Assist. General-Adjutant: John Herting, Second Assist: General-Adjutant: Henry Schmehl, and approximately 60 aides de camp. In an open car followed the Festival Organizer, Mr. George Schneider, the Festival orator, Mr. Franz Arnold, the Festival Director, Mr. Otto Lob, and several more cars with members of the arrangements committee.

    The First Division was accompanied by Nitschke's music corps in Prussian uniforms. Then came a squadron of Blue Hussars under Captain Matthieu. In spite of the short time of their organization they were splendidly in trim. Their uniforms were, to put it into few words, genuine and immaculate. The 1st Regiment of the National Guards, under Col. H. Ostermann, started, after long preparations for the first time. It was 400 men strong, of whom 80 wore spiked helmets with the tuft of feathers. One saw that they have an able commander in Col. Leon, because they all kept themselves as straight as if they were parading before old William himself. The German Field Battery of four pieces which then followed, led by Captain V. Reisenegger, looked like well-trained German troops and the same is to be said of the Red Hussars under the Command of Captain Munch. This whole military Division, aroused, especially among the German onlookers, immeasurable enthusiasm.


    The 2nd Division belonged entirely to the Lodges. They marched in the following order:

    Marshal of the Division: Col. F. Rollshausen

    Assistants: Otto Fischer, Heinrich Schroder and Jacob


    The Music Corps

    The Chaldi

    Liberty Lodge No 6

    Order of the Sons of Herrmann

    The Druids - Another Band - The Harugari.

    It is natural that the Lodges impress most by the development of masses, and they showed that they are indeed very numerous. The Sons of Herrmann, who had to leave some of their members to other organization (like all of the societies) appeared about 600 men strong. They count approximately 900 members in Chicago. Their Festival Marshal was Mr. Heinrich Schroder.


    The historical part of the parade consisted of the 3rd, 4th and 5th Division. The 3rd Division represented the oldest times of German history. The Marshal was Mr. Henry Kenkel and the Assistants, Gustav Giese, Adolph Muller and Wilhelm Diefenbacher. They were followed by a band, and by Hermann the Cherusean (Herr Heinrich Glade) and Thusnelda(Frau Muller). Then came 40 Teutons on horseback, and 60 on foot in old costumes, flesh colored tricots, bear skins over the saddles and shoulders.

    Then came Barbarossa (Mr. Henry Frick) preceding a band, ten bearers of lances, twelve Hospitallers, completely in mail, with helmets, shields and swords, three Heralds, four Templars, eight Pages etc. He was followed by 33 Princes and Knights in most sumptuous costumes. Still to the same Division belonged a representation of the Age of Inventions. The Illinois Staats-Zeitung presented on two large wagons the most recent development of the art of printing. While on the first carriage type setters were busily at work, on the second a steam press threw steam out of its chimney high into the air. During the parade the press was kept busy printing the Kutschke Song" in six languages, with the music by Otto Lob. A poem by Governor Gustav Koerner was likewise distributed to the public.


    Next came 350 shoemakers with two carriages; on the first Hans Sachs, impersonated by Jakob A. Schmidt; on the second Hans von Sagan ( Adam Imhof). Finally the Middle Ages were concluded with a representation of the Peasants' War. In the center six famous knights:

    Ulrich von Hutten Herr S. Danden
    Gotz von Berlichingen Herr Jac Enders
    Franz von Sickingen Dr. Fr. Koch
    Ulrich von Wurttemberg Herr Kretzschmar
    Fvohnsberg Herr Miehle

    The Fourth Division pictured the Modern Ages. Fifteen musicians were followed by the Marshal, Wilhelm T. Wallis and his assistants Jacob Thielen, Wilh. Burkhardt and Otto Igel. The Great Elector was preceded by 12 Grenadiers and two officers carrying banners. He was followed by ten Cuirassiers, then Frederic the Great, six Hussars, eight Grenadiers....


    The Free Singing Association represented Handl and Hayden, arranged by Messrs. Philipp Kroech and Henry Baust.

    The "Orpheus " had a magnificent carriage drawn by six horses with colossal Beethoven bust, surrounded by seven beautiful ladies. The whole created by architect Theodor Karl.

    The Germania Male Choir had four cars representing all the roles of the opera. "Freischultz". Arrangement by Messrs. A. Nover and Haarbleicher.

    The Association Humor followed a copy of the Goethe-Schiller monument in Weimar, made by Herr Almendinger. The members dressed as German students. While some of the young fellows had not yet any scars on their faces, others could boast these honor marks of academic life. They were followed by an imposing carriage representing episodes from Schiller's poem, "The Bell",with a gigantic bell. in This car was the contribution of the Illinois Volks-Zeitung. There followed Alexander von Humboldt surrounded by mariners and miners (sent by Mr. Kraschell.

    The Fifth Division represented the age of the Wars of Liberation, headed by 824 Turners, the Great Western Band, Division Marshal F. Metske with Assistants Wm. Wischendorff and C. H. Plautz. Then followed four carriages, arranged by Mr. Louis Kindt, representing the Lorelei, the "Watch on the Rhein", a Turn field and "Father Jahn". With this driving and marching a great number of Turners. (Father Jahn was given the motto: "Frisch, froh, frei und tren", a deliberate error, - his slogan having been: "Frisch, fromm, frohlich, frei".)

    Then followed the Kaiser train. First, with splendid horsemensip, the Uhlans led by Col. Hugo Dreyer, and Lieut. Charles Hillscher, then the Imperial carriage drawn by six white horses with two jockeys. His majesty was very faithfully represented by Mr. Saddler. Crown Prince Frederick William was impersonated by Mr. Charles Kemper, the Dollar - Bismarck - pardon me - Bismarck by Herr E. H. Stein (this is a pun the Staats-Zeitung permits itself about one of its most faithful advertisers. Mr. Stein who sold everything in his department store for $1.) Mr. Wilh. Levy as Moltke was stern and silent.

    The 6th Division consisted of 300 veterans of the Union War under Capt. Arthur Erbe. They aroused everywhere enthusiasm. Then followed the Union Veterans Assistance Association, 50 men and a car with six horses, and in an open carriage three veterans of 1812:

    Major Marsches who fought at Waterloo and Leipzig
    Carl Bose non-commissioned officer under Gen. York and
    Ludwig Klapp, a hussar under Blucher and also a veteran of Leipzig and Waterloo.

    Then came a car of the Schleswig-Holsteiners, followed by veterans of 1864 and 1866, also 1848 and 1849. Among the latter we observed Mr. Spanier. -

    The 7th Division: Marshal T. B. Grunhut
    Assistants: John Kolsch, Ad. M. Heflebower, Philipp Steinmuller and Wilh. Heinemann.

    The 7th Division was composed of post-officials and lithographers. On the top of a triumphal arch of one of the carriages sat the famous living post-eagle of Chicago. The profitableness of the art of lithography could be seen from the sumptuousness of the carriages of the lithographers, created by Mr. Louis Kurz. In this division also marched the Chicago Workers' Union, the Social Workers Union ("der sociale Arbeiter-Verein"), the Six Corners Club, the North Chicago Workers Union, the Great Union (workers' aid association), the Sixth Ward's Citizens Club, the Seventh Ward Club, and the South Chicago Workers Club I and II.


    The 8th Division belonged to the beer brewers, coopers and butchers. It was one of the most important inthe parade. Division Marshal: John A. Huck; Assistants K. G. Schmidt, Ferdinand Wheeler, Rudolph Wehrle, Moritz Berg. The brewers counted about 250 men and 23 cars.

    (The extremely numerous poetic attempts on the parade cars may be exemplified by the following quatrain from a beer wagon:

    "Die Manner deutscher Wissenschaft

    Die Liebten stets den Gerstensaft

    Oft uber Buchernund Papier

    Erfrischte sie das braune Bier"

    (German scholars always have loved the barley juice. Often while they were pouring over books and paper they were refreshed by brown beer).

    While the milkmen had rhymed: -


    "Die Milch der Frommen Denkungsart

    Die ist bei uns jetzt Futschke,

    Die weil ganz Deutschland einig ward

    Dusch Bismarck und durch Kitschke".

    (The milk of pious thinking is now destroyed, because all Germany became unified through Bismarck and Kitschke)(Kutschke was the author of a humorous poem on Napoleon III.)

    The butchers, 600 men, all on horseback, were led by Festival Marshal Koch, Division Marshal Morris Berg and the Section Marshals Wm. Reinhard, Gottlieb Schlecht and Mr. Wieland.

    At the head rode 12 unusually large butchers with big axes, followed by a band of 12, also on horseback, a committee of 15 all on horseback, and five decorated carriages.

    The 9th Division consisted of the bakers and milkmen. Division Marshal: Timothy Berdia, Assistants: Schnabel, Phil. Schweinfurth, Charles Harm. The 12bakers were particularly rich in poetical inspiration, declaring in one of their inscriptions the Germans to be "the leaven of spiritual fermentation. They stand in the whole world for progress and instruction".

    The 10th Division: Division Marshal Franz Amberg; Assistants, Heinrich Amberg, Wilh. Gahne, Clemens Hirsch. The cabinet makers were led by their Marshal, T. Biersdorf, on horseback, and his Assistant, Cl. Helmetag.

    The 11th Division: Division Marshal, Ambrose Andre; Assistants, Otto Neff and John Morper.

    This division consisted of masons, stone cutters, chimney sweeps and house-painters. The Feast Marshal of the painters was Mr. H. Kleinofen. On their float, among other branches, portrait painting was represented by Herr Wallerstein, landscape Frank Boche, Fresco Kiersdorf, drawing Wehrmann etc.

    The 12th Division: Division Marshal: Isac Rutishauser - consisted of the Chicago Sharpshooters Guild, with their president, Mr. George Oertel, and their treasurer Mr. S. A. Deschoner.


    Then followed the Diana Hunting Club, led by president George Zirngiebel, the wine dealers with four floats arranged by Messrs. Dahinden and Schroeder, the Grutli Association, led by their president, Herr Enderis and his aides de camp General Lieb and Sam Kirchhoff.

    The Grutli Association carried three flags; its own, the Swiss and the Stars and Stripes. On the top of their float was a rhymed inscription: "To celebrate German union, free Swiss are always ready". The German longshoremen came led by Mr. Martin Hessler.

    The 13th Division, including nine cars full with school children and representation of the Germania Fire Insurance Company, Teutonia Life Insurance Company, the German National Bank, the German Savings Bank, and the Germania Bank, was led by Feast Marshal Theo Schintz (Assistants, Carl Wunsche and T. C. Richberg). The Marshal of the 14th, 15th 16th and 17th Divisions were: Jacob Gross, R. Charles Feldkamp, Carl Gindele, L. Wolf.

    Two particularly luxurious floats, representing the city of Paris, were sent by Stein (of the dollar store), a globe, 6 ft. 8 high and costing $600. by Sonne's Book Store.; pyramids of musical instruments on four cars by J. Bauer 14and Company. Herr Ernst Knabe, of Baltimore, the head of the firm participated in the parade with his private equipage, likewise Herr Julius Bauer. In a car drawn by four horsex one saw the Messrs. H. Eisendrath, C. Knobelsdorff, C. Daegling and C. Hirsch, directors of the Teutonia, the only Life Insurance Company in the west founded and directed by Germans. The officers of the Germania Fire Insurance, the Messrs. F. Jager, S. Florsheim, A. Bauer, B. Lowenthal, Joseph Rollo and F. O. Affeld came in three open barouches.

    A tribune had been erected near the North western wing of the Court House. Invitations had gone out to Governor Korner, Belleville; Fr. Hecker, Lebanon; Carl Schurz; Franz Sigel; Pastor Wagner, Freeport; and Judge T. B. Stallo, Cincinnati. The guests were addressed by Mr. Louis Wahl; in their name answered Mayor Mason. While the 14th Division passed the Court House a rainstorm hit the city, but in an hour and a half the weather had cleared up again.

    The festival place was on the east side, in the so-called "Grove", and was adorned by a triumphal arch of 50 feet high, a tribune on which 1500 people found seats, two dance floors, 15 beer bars, enough tables to seat 10,000 hungry people at a time, thousands of colored lights and 8 calcium flames 15that made it almost as bright as in broad daylight. The orchestra was directed by Otto Lob. The first address was given by Feast President, Georg Schneider.

    He said, after at length reviewing the history of German unification since Napoleon: "Peace at last prevails - and here, too, in the great Republic, we will forget that we as Germans did not have very numerous and sincere friends. It should have been different...when the dark spirit of slavery dominated the Republic, it was primarily Germans who collaborated with the Anglo-American opponents of slavery and helped to rid the country of the curse....And again a sombre spirit stalks through the country, corruption and immorality raise their Hydra heads. Gigantic monopolies threaten the free development and the well-being of the country. The great cities are honeycombed with corruption, like the Babel on the Seine, and the halls of the legislatures swarm with unscrupulous demagogues. Disinterested patriots look to the closed German phalanx as to the providential saviour. She comes! She comes! And when the battle starts who doubts the overthrow of the lie and the victory of true liberty, of right, and eternal truth? Long live the Republic! Long live united Germany!"

    The next very long speech was made by Herr Frank Arnold: "The titanic struggle 16between the two most powerful nations of Europe was a fight for world domination between the Germanic and the Romanic element... The world belongs to the Teutons!... Italy, the Netherlands, England, Germany have marched at the head of civilization - France never!... Germany has created a literature before which the French must retreat...Who would today still read Racine or Voltaire?....In painting only a few things in French galleries are above mediocrity. What are the best French painters in comparison with a Cornelius, Kaulbach, Lessing, Schnorr and so on.... We ourselves, at this victory celebration, we will exclaim:.. Here, where freedom, united with education, makes prosperity possible for everybody, here we will show you in the old fatherland the way in political and social development, so that America be always as powerful as Germany, and Germany soon as free as America!"

    The final speech was made by ex-Mayor Rice.

    (Report on the Peace Celebration runs to about 18,000 words. Only a very abbreviated abstract can be of interest. The Staats-Zeitung estimates the number of people who participated in the ...

    III B 3 a, I C, II A 1, II A 2, III H
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- August 26, 1871
    "Deutscher Schulverein Von Chicago."

    A meeting yesterday at the house of the German Society elected Mr. Schutt ita chairman; Mr. Roos, secretary. Mr. Heilmann, who really had brought together the meeting, made a speech in which he explained by an analysis of the aims and purposes of the North American Teachers' Association (the speaker was not a Chicagoan but editor of the paper of this association) what should be the basis of a teachers' or school society. He pointed particularly to three points of the program of the Teachers' Association: 1. Cultivation of the German language, art and literature - 2. Introduction of progressive methods into the American schools - 3. Safeguarding the interests of the German-American teachers.

    What he said about the German-American teachers was particularly worthy of note. He said many of them who have taught in German schools in America for years, are German but not German-American teachers. They are acquainted neither with the language, nor with the history of this country. The German-American school is very different from the German school. To point out only one difference - the relationship to government and religion is quite different 2from Germany, and as it exercises a determining influence on the educational system, the teacher who does not know it is hardly fully qualified for his profession. The speaker then turned to the public schools, - the growth and flourishing of which must be dear to the heart of the German-American teacher, too. It is especially to be desired that the military discipline in those schools be completely abolished, and that a purely rational ethical doctrine be introduced.

    Of course, the speaker finally said, he could not expect that everybody would immediately subscribe to these fundamental principles, but one thing could and should be done - the creation of a society that should work in the direction of these principles.

    Dr. Hansen urged that the society should give itself a broader field to work on by admitting not only teachers, but friends of the school and of public education. In this sense, he moved that the new society should take the name of "German School Society of Chicago."


    The meeting appointed a committee that will prepare the nomination of permanent officials and work out a constitution. We repeat that one of the essential conditions of success is the election of good officials, that one should not name to a committee people who have already done so much dirty work that to do any clean piece of work has become to them a rank impossibility. (Footnote: The Staats Zeitung here is undoubtedly pointing to some pet aversion among the prominent Germans or German teachers).

    Among those present we saw Dr. Chronik, Julius Rosenthal, Dr. Hansen, Lindau, Schaffranek, and others.

    A meeting yesterday at the house of the German Society elected Mr. Schutt ita chairman; Mr. Roos, secretary. Mr. Heilmann, who really had brought together the meeting, made a speech ...

    II A 1, I A 1 b, III A
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- August 29, 1871
    Letter from Professor E. Duis, Dixon, Illinois to the Staats Zeitung

    The more I look at American life, the more do I become convinced that the American needs the compulsory school system... A German teacher's Association is planned for Chicago with the aim of mutual education and also discussion of the various methods of instruction. In order to start on this fertile road, every German teacher should take advantage of the good suggestions our paper has disseminated; then the beneficent effect on the American schools will soon be visible... Every German teacher should make it his special task to transmit the German language in its purity to the young generation and to put an end to the nonsense of the so-called "Pennsylvania Dutch."

    It already may be regarded as certain that Germandom will play in no distant future an eminent role in America...

    The more I look at American life, the more do I become convinced that the American needs the compulsory school system... A German teacher's Association is planned for Chicago with ...

    I A 1 a, I A 1 b, II A 1, III A
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- September 08, 1871
    [German Teachers Meet]

    A number of teachers met yesterday in the "Deutsche Gesellschaft" in order to receive the report of the Constitutional Committee of the German-American Teachers Association. On some paragraphs extensive debates ensued. The conception of "German-American" particularly caused difficulties. With one minor change the Constitution was adopted. The Messrs Roos, Hansen, Schutz, Kindinger, Henschel and Chronik were elected provisory members of the board. They themselves named Mr. Hansen, President; Mr. Roos, Vice-President; Kindinger, Secretary; Schutt, Treasurer; Dr. Chronik, Librarian; and Henschel Auditor.

    A number of teachers met yesterday in the "Deutsche Gesellschaft" in order to receive the report of the Constitutional Committee of the German-American Teachers Association. On some paragraphs extensive debates ...

    II A 1, I A 1 b, III A
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- October 17, 1871
    To the German Physicians of the United States

    A great number of our German colleagues have suffered terribly by the conflagration of October 9. Some of them have hardly been able to save anything and are facing, with their families, the direst need, because even with a sufficient practice they can hardly hope for any cash income during the next winter. The quickest help is necessary. I therefore ask you all that you organize yourselves everywhere for the purpose of mutual help, and that you send the amounts realized to the German Consul here, Mr. Claussenius. Of the right use and faithful accounting of all moneys received, the utmost care will be taken.

    Chicago, October 16, 1871

    Dr. Ernest Schmidt, 875 Wabash Avenue.

    A great number of our German colleagues have suffered terribly by the conflagration of October 9. Some of them have hardly been able to save anything and are facing, with ...

    IV, II D 10, II A 1
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 31, 1872
    Johann Georg Gindele

    Quite unexpectedly Chicago lost, yesterday, one of its best and most favored German citizens, namely, Mr. J. G. Gindele. He was born on January 30, 1814, in Ravenburg, Wurttemburg. After a good deal of schooling he went, still an adolescent, to Lindau, near Lake Constance, then to Munich where he worked hard during the Summer, both to support his mother, brothers, and sisters and to save his money in order to attend during the Winter the Polytechnic and other schools. With an iron will he trained himself as an architect and civil engineer. In his twenty-first year he had already made such progress in his profession that he was charged with the construction of a colonnaded hall (the Kurbans) in Kissingen and a bridge at the same place.

    In 1839, he became public building commissioner in Schweinfurth, Bavaria; he remained there eleven years and left lasting memorials to his name- especially a cotton mill, the municipal hospital, and his generally admired water works and water power development on the Main river.


    Because he participated in the movement of 1848-49, so much trouble was made for him that he had to leave Germany. Yet it must be said in honor to his Schweinfurth fellow citizens that they showed long afterwards their close friendship for their Building Commissioner Gindele. In the sixties while he was overcrowded with work as president of the Chicago Board of Public Works, the City of Schweinfurth consulted him officially about various water works, and he elaborated a detailed plan for it.

    In the United States, we find him first in 1850 in Milwaukee. Not finding anything there he went to Port Washington, Wisconsin, sharing with others in a steam mill. In a conflagration he lost everything he possessed.

    In 1852 he was a stone-cutter in Milwaukee, but again had no success. So, finally, after six months he moved to Chicago. Here he became first a common laborer in the Illinois Stone Dressing Company; soon, however, he rose to become superintendent of this firm. And, by and by, he also won an enviable reputation as an architect.


    So it happened that in 1861 he was elected to the Board of Public Works. And as he was reelected after four years, he belonged to it altogether almost eight years (up to his resignation in 1868), and for four or five years he was its president.

    Among the greater buildings in which he participated is the first part of Chicago University in Cottage Grove. This important building was not touched by the Chicago Fire. As president of the Board of Public Works he was one of the supervisors of the construction of the tunnel under Lake Michigan - that by-now world famed water system that provides Chicago with the best drinking water. Entirely according to his plan was built the first tunnel under the Chicago River. It was the tunnel of Washington street that was to form a closer connection between the West and South Sides; and the newer tunnel of La Salle street, to connect the South and North Sides has followed the model.


    In 1869, we find Gindele as one of the Canal Commissioners nominated by the governor, hard at work on planning the correction of the Illinois River in order to clean up the Chicago River, Gindele developed an ingenious plan that since has become a reality.

    In the Fall of 1869 he was elected County Clerk, an office he held up to his death, and ceased his brilliant technical activity. However, he took it up again, in spite of his official duties, after the Great Fire, and took over the leadership of the stone-cutting firm of his four sons. He participated in the reconstruction of the big building of the Chicago Tribune as well as of the McCormick business buildings.

    During the Civil War he shared with passion in the political activities of the Chicago Germans. Later he became on of the founders and early presidents of the singing society, Concordia. He also presided for a while over the Sharpshooters.


    He leaves four sons, a daughter, and a widow. His first wife preceded him in death by four years.

    (Footnote: The Chicago Tribune on the same day has a rather better written and fuller obituary, without, however, mentioning its own, or the Harvester Company's connection with Gindele.)

    Quite unexpectedly Chicago lost, yesterday, one of its best and most favored German citizens, namely, Mr. J. G. Gindele. He was born on January 30, 1814, in Ravenburg, Wurttemburg. After ...

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