The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- July 26, 1861
    The Union The Battle for Freedom and American Citizens of German Descent

    We crossed the ocean and entered the Land of Promise, to live as human beings and free citizens on a free soil. The glorious banner of Stars and Stripes--not embroidered with pictures of wild animals, as are the standards of despots--attracted us mightily, for in it we saw the symbol of freedom and human rights, the shield of the oppressed of all nations, the sign of victory of a Revolution which eradicated the last vestige of monarchy from the New World, and which fanned a spark across the ocean that ignited such a wide-spread conflagration in Europe that the citadel of feudalism was completely ruined.

    When we embarked on these shores, we set our feet upon the soil of a new home, a second fatherland; the last ties were severed, and we became free citizens of a great Republic. Many among us fought a severe fight for a material existence; 2many were bitterly disappointed when their immoderate hopes were not realized, when sanguinary expectations proved to be mere bubbles; but just as one finds a sweet kernel in a bitter shell, so they too found the foundations of liberty after many severe trials, struggles, and hardships; and although the building which was being erected thereon did not afford each one an equally comfortable shelter, and did not measure up to each one's conception of beauty and grandeur, the foundation was very good, since it permitted reconstruction, elevation, and expansion; and everyone who lived in that structure had the right and duty to assist in its erection.

    That enormous building which rests on solid granite is the Union, founded on the sacred principles that "all men are created equal" and are entitled to equal rights. And we are cohabitants of this fine structure; we are citizens of the Union.

    And we are indeed proud that we have just claims to the best name man can bear, and we demand every right to which that name entitles us. However, just 3as we demand our rights, and should not let anyone deprive us of them, so we should also be willing and prepared--and we are--to honestly and conscientiously perform the duties of citizens; just as we demand our inalienable rights, life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, be respected, basing our claims thereto on the sacred Declaration of Independence, so we should be ready at all times--and we are--to offer our money, our property, and even our life in the service of the Union, and to make any sacrifice for the preservation of the Republic; for we are its citizens.

    Only lately, Americans of German descent were reminded of their duty, and we noted with a great deal of satisfaction and pleasure how gladly they responded to the call to arms. We were proud to see them leave their homes, wives, and children to fight against sedition and treason and to stake their lives to save the Constitution and the Union. The many German regiments hailing from all states, the German guards in the slave states, the eagerness and ability displayed by German soldiers in battle, and the victorious stand of the German citizens of Missouri are irrefutable evidence that our fellow citizens of 4German extraction know what they owe this country and are meeting their obligations in a most gratifying manner.

    May they always be loyal and never tire in the performance of their consecrated work; and just as they quickly and eagerly rose in defense of their adopted country, so may they persevere and excel in battle. The greatest treasures of mankind, the existence of the Union and the preservation of a haven of liberty open to all who are oppressed, are at stake. We are convinced that our citizens of German descent will take positions in the front ranks during this holy War, and will show their English brothers how to appreciate and fight for liberty.

    We crossed the ocean and entered the Land of Promise, to live as human beings and free citizens on a free soil. The glorious banner of Stars and Stripes--not embroidered ...

    I G, I J, I E
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- November 05, 1861
    To the Voters of the 57th District by Johann Heinrich Muehlke

    Although I did not seek the honorable position of delegate to the Constitutional Convention, I deem it my duty to accept the candidacy, since, to my knowledge, no other German has been placed in nomination in any part of this state, and I consider it necessary that the Germans be represented in this all important body which is to establish the fundamental principles of the new constitution.

    With reference to the position which I shall assume, I would like to say that I consider gold and silver to be the best and only reliable mediums of exchange; that I am convinced that too high salaries paid to public officials and too long terms of office are the basic causes of corruption; that the office of County Clerk should be separate from the office of Clerk of Probate Court, and the office of Recorder separate from the office of Clerk of the 2Circuit Court; that the authority to force local laws upon the people of a city should be taken from the state legislature; and that the so-called "Black Laws" should be deleted from the statutes.

    If I am elected, I shall endeavor to embody these principles in the contemplated new constitution, and to protect the civil and political rights of all citizens by adoption.

    Although I did not seek the honorable position of delegate to the Constitutional Convention, I deem it my duty to accept the candidacy, since, to my knowledge, no other German ...

    I F 3, I F 1, I F 6, I E
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 14, 1862
    [Can't Germans Read?]

    By a single vote the proposal to publish the proceedings of the Constitutional Convention in the German language was rejected.

    Mr. Muehlke, a Chicago delegate, proposed that the minutes of the Convention be published also in the German language, and recommended that the Illinois Staats-Zeitung be used as the medium of publication.

    Mr. Kopfli, Democratic delegate from Highland, supported the efforts of Mr. Muehlke, and the proposal would have been adopted, if several delegates who favored it had not been absent when the vote was taken. Mr. Fuller, also a Chicago delegate supported the proposal.

    It would not have been more than right to give German citizens an opportunity to read the proceedings of the Convention in the German language, for then they would be able to vote more intelligently when the new Constitution is 2submitted to the people for acceptance or rejection. No doubt Mr. Muehlke was very much encouraged when his first endeavors in behalf of a cause which normally would be frustrated by the predjudice of native Americans, were so nearly successful; and it is a great credit to those Democrats who cast aside all party differences and voted in favor of so strong an opposition organ as the Illinois Staats-Zeitung; although they were probably influenced by the fact that this paper has the largest circulation of any German newspaper in the City.

    By a single vote the proposal to publish the proceedings of the Constitutional Convention in the German language was rejected. Mr. Muehlke, a Chicago delegate, proposed that the minutes of ...

    I F 3, II B 2 d 1, I C, I E
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- February 19, 1862
    Lincoln, Schurz, and the Freedom of the Press

    From a report published in the Anzeiged Des Westens we note that Carl Schurz voluntarily went to the President with a copy of that issue of a previously mentioned newspaper which contained General Halleck's letter to the publication, and earnestly protested against this violation of the freedom of the press. Upon Mr. Schurz's protest, a telegram was sent to General Halleck (according to some, by the President himself, according to others, by Secretary of War Stanton) advising him to refrain from making such attacks on the press in the future. Bravo!

    From a report published in the Anzeiged Des Westens we note that Carl Schurz voluntarily went to the President with a copy of that issue of a previously mentioned newspaper ...

    I J, I E, IV
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- November 04, 1862
    What We Want (Editorial)

    We want the National Government to use every means at its disposal to suppress the armed Rebellion against the unity, peace, happiness, and liberty of the country.

    We wish to place the entire power of the nation, our property and life, at the disposal of the President and the Government, to support them in their arduous and responsible task.

    We desire to present a recurrence of such violent shocks to our national life for all time to come, by eradicating the root of the evil, slavery--a curse to our country and a shameful stain upon the glorious escutcheon of the United States.

    Therefore, we heartily approve of the President's Emancipation Proclamation, 2not only because it is a necessary, effective, and forceful military measure, which will do more than anything else to quell the Rebellion, but also because it is a meritorious act which atones for the cruel crime of slavery--a crime that is contrary to every law of morality and humanity.

    We want the Rebels, the rebellious Southerners, to bear a proportionate part of the cost and burden of the war which they caused, and, to that end, we want the Confiscation Act which Congress passed, rigidly enforced, and the proceeds used to decrease the burden of taxation in the North and to lighten the economic pressure in the Union States.

    We do not want large numbers of emancipated slaves to come to the North and compete with our white workers and, perhaps, force wages to a lower level.

    For that reason we desire that the Emancipation Proclamation be put into practice; for we are convinced that the liberated Negro will remain in the South where the warm climate is conducive to his health and well being, if his human rights are 3respected in the Southern States, if an appropriate place in society is assigned to him, and if honest and adequate efforts are made to educate him, to elevate him mentally and morally, and thus to render him a useful member of the human family.

    For the same reason we wish to prevent mass migration of Negro refugees through the enforcement of the Emancipation Proclamation, aided by a more rigorous prosecution of the war, under generals who really fight, who seek and defeat the enemy, who utilize the advantages which they gain, who hold conquered areas, and who protect against cruel and revengeful masters those Negroes who are devoted to the Union.

    To that end we want in Congress men like Arnold who was tireless in his endeavors in behalf of the enactment of the great salutary measure, and like the War-Democrat Jackson who wholeheartedly endorsed the emancipation and confiscation policy of the President and unreservedly supported Lincoln's administration.

    We want men in the State Legislature who are ready to support the State 4administration in its commendable efforts to promote the welfare and reputation of our great patriotic State, and to care for our brave soldiers on the battlefield or in the hospital, men who have obligated themselves to preserve and further the interests of the workingman by sponsoring and passing a lien law for the purpose of protecting the workingman's property....

    That is what we want, and that is what that people want.

    And today we shall make our wants known at the polls.

    We want the National Government to use every means at its disposal to suppress the armed Rebellion against the unity, peace, happiness, and liberty of the country. We wish to ...

    I G, I J, I E
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 13, 1863
    German Citizens of Chicago Hold Emancipation Meeting

    An emancipation meeting was called to order by Mr. Miller at 8 o'clock, after the Chicago Arbeiterverein Chorus, led by the Great Western Band, had arrived, having displayed in a parade a large banner inscribed "Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863.

    On recommendation of Mr. Miller, Mr. Brown was elected chairman, and he explained the purpose of the meeting in a brief but excellent address.

    Thereupon Mr. Caspar Butz ascended the speaker's platform and said:

    "I believed that the time of mass meetings had passed; but I was mistaken. The news of emancipation has been published and the Emancipation Act went into effect on January 1, 1863, and the fact that so many of my German friends have assembled here is evidence that this measure of the President has found 2great favor with them.

    "Our people have commendable characteristics. In this War they have shown an endurance and a courage which are unique in the annals of man.

    "It has been said that emancipation will cause Negroes to flock to the North, but that assumption is wrong; on the contrary, it is just emancipation that will keep Negroes in the South. Repeal emancipation, and the Negroes will soon be knocking at your door.

    "I would like to say to the gentlemen who are trying to sow the seed of discord among us Northerners: 'Take care, the people have cast their eyes upon you and will know how and where to find you.'

    "What do they want? Peace? A nation which has more than eight hundred thousand men under arms can make peace only on the field of battle. [Translator's note: Verbatim. It is not clear from the connection, who "they" refers to.]


    "But, I tell you, that these traitors will soon lose courage, when they realize that the people, the workers among the people, will find ways and means of protecting their own interests. It is our duty to be on our guard and to watch, so that the advantages which our brave German soldiers have gained by shedding their blood on the battlefield are not lost."

    The assembly loudly and generously applauded the speaker. While the band played a patriotic selection, the banner which the Arbeiterverein brought was hoisted and gave rise to much cheering. The ensign was inscribed with the words: "In union there is strength."

    Mr. Butz then read the following resolutions which were unanimously adopted by the assembly:

    "Whereas, In a time of great danger for the country, when the bloodiest war the world has ever known is being waged by civilization against barbarians, and when the fate of our beloved fatherland is being decided, it is the duty of every 4true patriot to lift up his voice in behalf of the bleeding country; be it therefore

    "Resolved, That we have not yet lost faith in those principles which once called this Republic into being, and that we will always esteem them very highly, since the best blood of the country now copiously flows for the protection of these principles--the eternal principles of liberty, equality, and justice. Be it further

    "Resolved, That we are firmly convinced that, as far as we are concerned, this War is a war for the preservation of our constitutional freedom, and of the blessings accruing from such freedom, and that, to use the words of a prominent man, 'when the bloody despotism of the slaveholder challenges us, crying: "The worker shall be a slave," we, the free citizens of the North, answer: defiantly "The worker shall be a free man!"' Be it further

    "Resolved, That while we deplore the mistakes which the Administration has made, 5and the evident lack of knowledge of the principles of effective warfare, and the corruption prevalent among so many officials, we consider the Emancipation Proclamation to be a herald of better days, marking January 1,1863 as one of the most memorable days in the history of America, as the beginning of a new era of freedom. Be it further

    "Resolved, That we ask the President to abide by the decision which he has made, since retrogression at this time would result in the destruction of the most magnificent temple that was ever built on earth--the temple of freedom; and that we also ask him either to force his present counselors on constitutional matters to aid him in carrying out his policy, or replace them with men who understand the trend of the times. Be it further

    "Resolved, That the nation cannot dispense with the services of men like John Fremont or Butler, the able leader who was the first general to teach us how to suppress the Rebellion, and like brave Turchin, and many other patriots who did much for the cause of the Union. Be it further


    "Resolved, That we thank Richard Yates, Governor of Illinois, for his excellent statesmanlike, patriotic, and inspiring message, which, as we are firmly convinced, expresses the true attitude of the great majority of the people of the United States. Be it further

    "Resolved, That we warn those senators and representatives in Springfield who contemplate treason but have not the courage to execute their infamous schemes, to watch their step, since the people of this state are on the alert and will not tolerate treason to run rampant in Illinois as it did in Missouri. Be it further

    "Resolved, That the infamous parts contained in the Constitution of the state of Illinois, the so-called 'black laws,' are a disgrace to a free state, and inconsistent with the recently issued glorious decree of freedom, and that we hope that the day will soon come when the people themselves will delete the obnoxious statutes from our legal code. Be it further

    "Resolved, That the chairman of this meeting is authorized and requested to 7send a copy of these resolutions to President Abraham Lincoln, to Governor Richard Yates, and to the patriotic members of the Cook County delegation in Springfield, so that the latter may present them to the state legislature."

    The reading of these resolutions fairly electrified the assembly, and there was loud and prolonged cheering when Butler's name was mentioned.

    Thereupon the Chorus of the Arbeiterverein rendered a selection under the leadership of Director Rein.

    Mr. Wilhelm Rapp then spoke to the vast throng. Lack of space and time make it necessary to publish only the more important statements which he made. He said in part:

    "To begin with, I bring you greetings from our esteemed friend Kapp, who was to be the principal speaker this evening, but had to go to St. Louis on very 8important business that could not be postponed. No doubt, he is with us in spirit. And if Willich, the champion of our cause, knew what has happened in this meeting, his heart would leap for joy, despite the fact that he is suffering in captivity. The spirit of Willich also rules in the hearts of other great men of German origin, for instance, in Franz Sigel, who was obliged to remain in Dumfries, like a chained lion, while the battle of Frederickburg was in progress. "Today, my friends, we are celebrating the victory of freedom, the victory which the liberal War party won over our weak Administration. However, I do not believe that the Proclamation will be enforced, as long as such a man as W. H. Steward heads the Cabinet at Washington. Indeed, I am certain, that even we could accomplish much more, if we applied our wonted Teuton energy, though we are inclined to be somewhat rough at times.

    "I do not blame the President, because he does not understand external politics; but now he has called a man from the South who knows very much about the subject; I refer to Benjamin F. Butler. (Loud applause.) He had shown that he does, even before he left New Orleans. He is the man whom I would place at the 9head of the Cabinet. In addition, his appointment to that position is desirable on account of the present status of interior affairs. Mumford was hanged in New Orleans because he trampled upon our national flag. In Chicago, too, there are people who commit similar despicable acts, and heretofore the Government has not had the courage to do more than place them under arrest. That is a poor policy. They should either be set free, or should be made to bear the full punishment for their evil deeds.

    "Last week the Democrats in the state legislature at Springfield even contemplated removing Governor Yates from office and offered the position of Provisional Governor to Mr. Richardson. However, he declined, because he said he was constantly bothered by dreams about ropes. No doubt, this man was thinking about Butler.

    "I do not hold the Democrats responsible for the acts of their leaders. Very likely they (the Democrats) now realize that they have been deceived by the men who head their party.


    "Therefore, it is the duty of our German Democratic friends to leave the party that has trifled with their feelings. They should not obligate themselves in any manner, but be independent, as we are; we are not dependent upon our leaders, and have proved that today, when we criticized and made recommendations to President Abraham Lincoln.

    "This meeting was arranged by the Arbeiterverein. This Society recognizes that this battle is a battle of workers and have so indicated very clearly in the resolutions they made here today."

    The speaker concluded by pointing out that the English proletarians have taken the same viewpoint.

    Thereupon the Arbeiterverein Chorus sang "The Battle Cry of Freedom".

    Mr. [A. C.] Hesing was now asked to address the assembly, but he declined the honor, recommending that Dr. Schmidt be called upon.


    Dr. Schmidt took the speakers stand and made a brief address. He said, "I am greatly moved today by the memory of the fact that December 2, 1859, a small group of men met in Kinzie Hall, to mourn the death of a man who was unquestionably the first champion of the present great movement for liberty, equality, and justice, and who became a martyr to the ideals of freedom. John Brown undoubtedly was the herald of the great change which is now being effected in the nation."

    Dr. Schmidt spoke in glowing terms of the blessed results of emancipation and concluded his address amid loud cheers.

    He was followed by Mr. C. H. Hawley, who spoke in English.

    Adjournment took place after the Arbeiterverein Chorus rendered another selection.

    The Hall was so crowded that many persons found only standing room, and fully 12one sixth of the assembly consisted of ladies.

    Thus ended the largest meeting ever held by Germans in Chicago, the emancipation meeting of the Chicago Arbeiterverein.

    An emancipation meeting was called to order by Mr. Miller at 8 o'clock, after the Chicago Arbeiterverein Chorus, led by the Great Western Band, had arrived, having displayed in a ...

    III B 2, III H, I E, I G, I C, IV
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- July 15, 1863
    President Lincoln and the Slaveholders of Louisiana (Editorial)

    Last month a delegation of planters from Louisiana visited President Lincoln and asked that he arrange for an election in Louisiana, November 1, in keeping with the Constitution of the United States and the constitution of the state of Louisiana. Now, the present constitution of Louisiana is a pro-slavery document, and the slaveholders of that state merely wanted the President to aid them in preserving the "divine institution". However, in this instance President Lincoln followed the correct course and told the planters that he knew that a large number of the citizens of Louisiana were anxious to have the constitution of their state amended and to hold a constitutional convention for that purpose, and that he, therefore, must deny their request, but would give the people of Louisiana opportunity to hold an election in due time.


    We heartily commend the President for acting as he did. The Administration should steadfastly adhere to the principle of the Liberals: that the Union may be restored only on the basis of freedom for all its inhabitants, and that every Southern state must remove the stigma of slavery from its constitution before it can be readmitted into the Union.

    Last month a delegation of planters from Louisiana visited President Lincoln and asked that he arrange for an election in Louisiana, November 1, in keeping with the Constitution of the ...

    I E, I J
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- July 30, 1863
    The Chicago Arbeiterverein and a German Volunteer Defense Corps President Speaks for Society

    The New York riots have shown that this Republic is headed for an abyss if its citizens, the people, are not able to check perversive activity and thus avert the ruin of our nation. We do not agree with those who are inclined to shut their eyes to the injustice of the Conscription Act. Say what you will, the fact remains that the three-hundred dollar clause is not in keeping with the ideals of equality, one of the fundamental principles upon which this Democracy is founded. Senator Wilson, the author and sponsor of the Conscription Act may boast that it is an exact replica of the French law, yet we must sustain the objection that we are living in a Republic, in which all citizens are equal before the law, in which no one has preference on account of social standing, financial status, color, race, or creed, in which each and every citizen has the same privileges and the same duties toward the country and its Government. In France, however, the people are under the rule of despotism--a reign that 2ignores and tramples upon the rights of the governed and serves the interests of stockbrokers, Jesuits, and inhuman ruffians who traffic in souls.

    Yet, although we are opposed to the manner which the law prescribes for conscription, we firmly believe that conscription itself is necessary. Or is the Rebellion to gain in extent and strength because the Free States lack sufficient men? Shall our victorious Army stop fighting? Or is it to be halted on its successful course? Or shall we give the French Emperor, who is controlled by the Jesuits, time to carry out his pernicious plans against our Republic? No, a thousand times! No!! So, whoever wishes to attack conscription itself, will have to be looked upon as a friend of the Rebels.

    However, the citizens of New York who incited men to riot must also be classed as friends of the Rebels.

    The atrocities committed against defensless people, the murders, robberies, the looting, and the arson must convince every loyal citizen of the Republic, every 3true Democrat, as well as every true Republican, that the Conscription Law, despite its evident and deplorable deficiencies, is the lesser evil. And why? Because mob activity is always followed by martial law. Although all the members of the Polish Diet were noblemen, it was never anything but a legalized mob; for it was not the law that ruled in and controlled that Assembly, but rather military force, and Poland has to thank the arbitrary rule of its aristocrats for the sufferings it has endured.

    The June Battle in Paris in 1848 was mob activity on a large scale and resulted in rule by the military authorities. The fights in which Lichnowsky and Auerswald lost their lives (1848, at Frankfurt on the Main) were nothing but riots, and it was through these riots that the reaction in Germany gained power. Not only the Philistines (a revolutionary faction that took part in the German uprising of 1848) but also many others sided with the Government. They decided it was better to be ruled by soldiers than by the kind of Democrats who resort to murder, robbery, and arson, and thus the hope that they would be governed by a German Parliament was destroyed, and all other "golden dreams" vanished 4in thin air.

    The New York riots will serve the Republic no better. All the people who participated in them were not worthy to be citizens of a republic. If this statement needed further proof, it is furnished by the fact that the persuasive eloquence of an Archbishop was required to quiet the rioters, and that they bowed to this Prelate. This immaturity of the people is their strongest invitation to tyranny, and if all citizens of America were as incapable of governing themselves as those New York rioters, the fate of the Republic would be sealed!

    Who, for instance, will guarantee that the same mob will not act on request of those who do the thinking for the "minors," (at the request of political or religious leaders, or rather seducers) and create a riot in favor of a monarchy? People who are not able to form their own convictions, who cannot think, who have no will of their own, are as unstable as the waters of the ocean, as a straw in a storm, and constitute the greatest danger that can beset a 5republic. The mob rule in the South was responsible for the Rebellion of the slaveholders. Only through rioting did the leaders of the Rebellion succeed in overpowering the Union element.

    However, in the North, in the Free States, there is another element, and that is very fortunate. We refer to those Germans who immigrated to this Republic because they love liberty more than the land of their birth, yea, even more than life itself. At their side you will find those Americans and Irish who have attained political independence, because they are able to form their own convictions and do their own thinking--people who want neither mob rule nor sword rule.

    The question is, what they must do. The answer is simple: They must permit no rioting, so that military rule is unnecessary.

    The citizens themselves must preserve order. Germans, Americans, and Irish must stand together and everyone who attemps to sow the seed of discord, 6mistrust, or dissatisfaction among our citizens, everyone who awakens internal strife by creating prejudice, whether it be against Americans, or Irish, or Germans, whether it be of a political or religious nature, must be looked upon as an enemy of the Republic.

    Everywhere we must establish citizens' defense organizations, so that our military authorities will have no reason to interfere with, or take charge of, the administration of our political affairs; for it is far easier to bring about sword rule than to remove it.

    But how about the three-hundred dollar clause? Well, if the Republic perishes, will only the rich be affected, and not the poor? We think the poor will suffer more than the rich. Rich people can live anywhere, but poor people need the Republic too much to permit it to be destroyed or its privileges curtailed. And many of the wealthy will not purchase substitution, but will fight themselves. The Rebellion must be suppressed, and suppressed now, and at any cost. If our people hesitate, old Sybil will cast another book of 7the history of the world into the fire, and only because our people and Government were ignorant; and we will be troubled and harrassed not only by the Rebellion, but also by the intervention of the "Jesuit Emperor" of France. That must not happen. So let us prevent any mob violence; for who can guarantee that agents of the "French Scoundrel" will not take advantage of the confusion of our Government to create these riots? And friends of the Rebellion who incite to rioting in the North are no better. So down with them! Or shall we wait until a riot is in full sway and intervention by the military authorities is necessary? Then it will be too late. Martial law will put an end to the people's liberty. Freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of lawful assembly--all these cease to be when the sword takes up its rule.

    Therefore the Chicago Arbeiterverein resolved to take up arms against any and everyone who makes any attempt to incite a riot. Someone, some organization, had to take the initiative. However, any friend of the Republic is invited to join our organization for the preservation of law and order. They need not be of German descent; they need only be loyal patriots--Americans in the 8true sense of the word.

    Theodore Hilscher, President.

    The New York riots have shown that this Republic is headed for an abyss if its citizens, the people, are not able to check perversive activity and thus avert the ...

    III B 2, III D, I E, I G
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 13, 1869
    Habitual Begging (Editorial)

    The German "collection plate" is again making the rounds in America. The city of Cannstadt wishes to erect a monument to Wilhelm, King of Swabia, and the "ignorant" Germans in America, who "are rolling in wealth," are being asked to contribute to the fund.

    Now, it is true that old King Wilhelm was a good man, and it will not be forgotten that he remained a "good German" at the time when France dominated Germany (Napoleon's time) and all other rulers in Germany were doing their utmost to further French customs among Germans; no doubt he was much more German than the present enemies of Prussia who dwell on the Neckar and who would revive the Rhenish Confederation as soon as possible; but just because 2of this infamous attitude it is doubly shameful that these obstinate beggars of Swabia are stretching their hands to the Germans across the ocean for donations. Of course, if this attitude is made plain to them, they will be ready with the indignant reply:

    "Why, it is not just for the sake of the money; we merely seek evidence of your love toward your mother country, and we wanted to do the Swabians in America a favor by giving them an opportunity to participate in this most worthy cause."

    However, we are familiar with such lame excuses; they are nothing more than a mask which covers the greed of our "good friends" across the sea. Apparently the committee which is doing the begging here thinks that it is making a valuable contribution to a public enterprise by composing pathetic requests. That is the "mite" which the members of the committee contribute; they keep their money in their own pockets.


    As far as we can see the German press in America is unanimous in its contempt for habitual begging on the part of the Germans. Regarding this habit the West Bote says:

    "If the officials of Cannstadt wish to erect a monument in honor of the late King Wilhelm, let then reach into their own pockets. The Germans in America will not contribute to the glorification of a kingdom that chased them across the ocean. We advise these beggars to withdraw their petition and spare themselves further disgrace. They will receive no assistance here, neither copper nor paper, much less gold. Now, it is true, in America begging is not prohibited by law as it is abroad; but it does not look well when the admirers of a kingdom solicit funds in our American Republic. Even our good friend Wilhelm Rapp who makes no effort to conceal his admiration for Wilhelm, King of Swabia, says:

    "By the way, it is our opinion that Wuerttemberg is wealthy enough to erect 4a monument to the honor of the man who did so much for the development of cattle and horse-breeding, agriculture, and manufacturing in his country, and who bravely led his soldiers against the French; but in view of the fact that the wounds which we suffered in the Civil War have not yet healed, we can and must contribute to causes that are more useful and urgent than a monument could ever be."

    We agree, Swabia, once a poor, starved country, became rich chiefly through the ability and foresight of King Wilhelm, and can easily donate enough money to pay for ten monuments. However, the people living on the banks of the Neckar, like those who dwell on the banks of the Elbe and the Weser, have not developed the sense of honor which prohibits respectable people from asking others for money, while they themselves are living in affluence. Perhaps rude refusals of their bold requests will help develop a sense of decency in these people.

    Often, when it has been necessary, mother countries have assisted their 5colonies, and that is only natural. Thus some German religious organizations which settled in America have received assistance from their brothers in faith in Germany; but now matters are reversed. Germany, which is rich, which holds American securities worth $400,000,000, is not ashamed to beg from those of her sons whom she has banished to a foreign country. But appeal to her for contributions to some worthy cause in America--say a German hospital in New York--and see how much money you will get! Our former countrymen would not contribute one cent; yea, they would regard any plea for their aid as an affront. When eighty brave German fathers were killed in the terrible massacre at Lawrence, Kansas, five years ago, an appeal for aid for the widows and children of these unfortunate victims of Indian treachery and brutality was published in Augsburger Allgemeine Zeitung, the most widely read newspaper in Germany. And how much money do you suppose our rich German friends across the ocean donated? Not one penny! This despite the fact that by that time many thousands of German capitalists, big and little, had realized enormous sums from their investments in American securities.


    "Not one penny!" --henceforth let that be the answer of all German-Americans to all petitions which are directed from the mother country to her emigrant sons, who, like stepchildren were forced to find a new and better home in America.

    The German "collection plate" is again making the rounds in America. The city of Cannstadt wishes to erect a monument to Wilhelm, King of Swabia, and the "ignorant" Germans in ...

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- August 06, 1870
    Mass Meeting in Farwell Hall

    Persuant to an appeal published in the Illinois Staats-Zeitung yesterday, a large number of Germans assembled in Farwell Hall to express their sympathies in respect to the late events of the War. Despite torrential rains the large hall was well filled by 8:30 P. M. There was little time to decorate the hall appropriately, since the meeting was impromptu but the enthusiam displayed by the assembly made up for the lack of pomp and show.

    Mr. Claussenius called the meeting to order after the band had played "Heil Dir Im Siegerkranz" as effectively as was possible while 1800 to 2000 people gave vent to their feelings by thunderous applause. The enthusiasm evoked by the national song was a worthy introduction to the program.

    Mr. Claussenius stated that he had been requested by the executive board 2of the Young Ladies' Society [? for the Aid of Factory Workers] and by the finance committee to call a mass meeting of German citizens of Chicago as soon as the first battle between Germany and France had been fought.

    "That battle has now taken place," he said, "and the Germans were the victors. Although it was not an important or a decisive victory, to us who anxiously followed every move made by our brothers on the Rhine, the news of this victory was prophetic--glad news which has awakened in us the glad hope and confidence that Germany will ultimately win the War. And our purpose in meeting is to give expression to these sentiments. Mr. Claussenius then made a motion to elect a chairman.

    Caspar Butz was unanimously chosen. He took the chair and made an address 3that was very favorably received and loudly applauded. The text of Mr. Butz' speech follows:

    "On that memorable and glorious day--memorable and glorious because of the important steps we then took--on July 17, when we last met in the North Side Turner Hall, the mantle of the prophet seemed to have fallen upon me, as I read the message of German victory in your enraptured eyes. Germany has shown that she is not unworthy of the words of praise that we uttered then and the enthusiasm which all of us displayed; she has lived up to the expectations of her sons who are scattered over the entire world. 'Tis true, the victory was not a decisive one: the battle which will force the French back into Paris must still be fought. But it was a victory, a victory which created in us the living hope, the firm conviction that our former fatherland will finally 4overcome her old foe, France--a victory that has dispelled from our hearts all uncertainity, all doubt in regard to the outcome of the War.

    "Germany has entered upon a dangerous and difficult course. Every report from our former country assures us that the Germans are well aware of the importance and the seriousness of the war which has been forced upon them. However, the joy of great confidence is tempered with that serious mood, and the certainty of ultimate victory with the knowledge of the importance of the conflict. Though the way lead over many rocks, through fire, bloodshed, death, and destruction, that it will end in victory, unity, and freedom for Germany is the hope, the firm conviction, of millions of Germans here and abroad.

    "The two centuries during which we, the slaves of Europe, sat within and performed the mental work of the world, have passed. Having conquered the world of thought, Germany now enters the material world to assume her position 5among the nations of the earth. She has given the world enough men of great intellect, and now she is ready to enforce her demand for the material things of which she was unjustly deprived some centuries ago. In order to regain possession of the land which France plundered she is demanding that this stolen property be returned, not by uttering 'highfaluting' phrases, but, as becomes the nation founded by Frederick the Great, by resorting to cannon and bayonet.

    "This War is not only a battle against the Corsican who usurped the throne of France; it has a greater and much wider and deeper significance. Through the thunder of the battle on the Rhine we hear the voice of a united, greater Germany, and the blood streaming from the wounds of thousands of brave men is the bloody baptism through which Germany will be regenerated, will become free, will be united. Do not be deceived, my fellow citizens; that is the real significance of this terrible conflict.

    "However, since blood has begun to flow, let us not forget to perform the 6grave duty which we once assumed. We vowed that we would care for the widows and orphans of the brave soldiers who sacrifice their lives fighting for the cause of Germany, and we shall keep that vow.

    For a long time there was doubt that war would break out. The Battle of Weissenburg has removed every possible doubt. That is the only importance which the news of this Battle has for some; but the majority of our great American nation received the news as the glad realization of a most cherished wish. The American people are on our side; they sympathize with the Germans, although they are aware that the latter are ruled by a king; they hope that the men who are fighting under the red and white flag will emerge victorious; Americans feel instinctively that liberty, civilization, and human progress depend upon the outcome of this War, and they value these essentials very highly.

    "Why should we care, even if a few people do deny what the whole world admits? 7A few days ago some Danish citizens of our city held a meeting in which they expressed great fear that their beloved Scandinavia would be endangered if Prussia wins the War. Well, one cannot blame them, if their recollection of what happened at Dueppel prevents them from forgetting old grudges. But I appeal to you people from Schleswick-Holstein. You know that an effort is being made to bring Schleswick-Holstein under Danish jurisdiction again. Now, although I did not come from Schleswick-Holstein, but from Westphalia, for twenty-five years I sang 'Schleswig-Holstein. Meerumschlungen' [Schleswick-Holstein Surrounded by the Sea]; for twenty-five years I have shared the hopes of the people of Schleswick-Holstein that these two duchies would not be separated. They were German and they will remain German, an inseparable part of a united, great Germany!"

    After this address had been made Mr. George Schneider was elected vice-president, and Mr. C. F. Jung secretary. Vaas' Orchestra then played "Schleswig-Holstein 8Meerumschlungen".

    [Translator's note: Reverend Hartmann, Mr. H. Michalis, Mr. Emil Dietsch, Mr. George Schneider, and Mr. E. C. Salomon also spoke at this meeting, however, they added no new ideas, but merely repeated thoughts which had been expressed by the first speaker, Caspar Butz. Therefore I did not translate their speeches.]

    Persuant to an appeal published in the Illinois Staats-Zeitung yesterday, a large number of Germans assembled in Farwell Hall to express their sympathies in respect to the late events of ...

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