The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 18, 1874
    Young American.

    The concept connected with the name young American is not a very pleasant one. The term young America connotes youth which has outgrown its parents and which resents parental authority as an infringement upon its independence. Young America begins to blossom at the age of ten, to loaf at the age of thirteen and to become obnoxious at the age of fifteen. That is in regard to the boys. Young America among the girls is not any better. At the age of twelve she has a "beau" and at fifteen the miss starts her moonlight walks and her love affairs. Young America is bad, but not half as bad as "young German America".

    It cannot be denied that in many German homes the children grow up without any supervision and that boys and girls become loafers of the worst type. What a correspondent recently said, that here boys loaf in the saloons till past midnight is only half of the truth. He, who wishes to go on North Avenue on a Sunday afternoon, can see there clusters of boys at the street corners, who make the most indecent remarks concerning the passers by, who on evenings run around with girls just as young as they and who being work shy would not recoil from crimes. For this we have the word of the oldest and most experience policemen, who assert that no Irish street boy is as bad as a German boy.

    The concept connected with the name young American is not a very pleasant one. The term young America connotes youth which has outgrown its parents and which resents parental authority ...

    German
    I B 3 b, I B 3 c, II E 3, III A, III G
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- February 13, 1883
    The Northside Socialists.

    The weekly meeting of the northside Socialists yesterday was well attended at which comrade Lange presided. Comrade Brassholz gave the weekly report with an ensuing debate. This was followed by comrade Schwab's announced speech on the theme "Free Love". He gave a picture of the marriages of today which are the result of industrial conditions. He said this was the cause for murders committed on unborn children as well as on the ones, having been brought into the world. Modern marriages are based on nothing but misery. Under our present system the wife is subordinate to her husband but under the Socialist system she would be his equal. The material interest which plays the principal part in marriages of today would be disregarded. Marriage would not mean slavery to women any more.

    People would live in palaces, comparatively equipped with all the latest comforts and, machines to do the heavy work. Children would be reared in educational institutions. Only then, marriage could be noble and only then affection could be considered. Such unions would eventually prove to be of longer duration than modern marriages are. But in a case of incompatibility, the union could be dissolved.

    The weekly meeting of the northside Socialists yesterday was well attended at which comrade Lange presided. Comrade Brassholz gave the weekly report with an ensuing debate. This was followed by ...

    German
    I E, II B 2 g, I B 3 a, I B 3 b, I B 3 c
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- April 28, 1888
    Suffrage

    Raster writes that it is not necessary to take the menacing nagging of some fanatic women seriously. Does he mean his article does not have to be taken seriously? His main reason is that women do not want the right to vote.

    It is hard for us to say that a nominal amount of women do not want suffrage but we will even concede that most of them do not care about their rights to vote, This is because of our having given them a wrong education and of having surrounded them for centuries with prejudices which dulled them to their own interests.

    The attainment of suffrage is in the interest of woman as the development of the political and economic conditions interest and touch her often far deeper than the man. Notice the rise of prices and fall of wages because of the tariff.

    Besides the interest any woman has in a reasonable molding of political and economic conditions she possesses an incontestable right for co-operation on legislation. She fulfills the same allegiance to the government as does the man and equal duties should have equal rights.

    Do not take exception to the fact that women are not subject to military service 2since in several countries, men are also not subjected. Besides for a woman it is as great a sacrifice to send her husband, sweetheart, son, or brother to war while she remains at home in constant fear for the life of her loved one.

    Not only has the woman the right to participate in public matters but she also has a pressing interest in it. And if this right has not been acknowledged by the legislature of most countries then it is for the reason that so far men have made laws in their own interest and to the disadvantage of women.

    There would have never been such important laws about divorce and subsistence for children born out of wedlock or about adultery on the part of women in contrast to men, if women had participated in legislation.

    The reason that women as yet do not have much interest in public affairs, prefering gossip and newspapers to economic and political questions, lies in the fact that they had no right to participate in these questions. If they possessed the right they would soon learn how to make use of it to the fullest extent. But it is disgraceful and humiliating that women should declare it not proper to show any interest in politics, that this is against feminism, that men will look after those matters, etc.

    We feel sorry for a slave who does not feel his chains, but more pitiable is one 3who boasts about his chains. And to this number of unfortunate ones belong a large number of our women.

    Raster writes that it is not necessary to take the menacing nagging of some fanatic women seriously. Does he mean his article does not have to be taken seriously? His ...

    German
    I K, I B 3 b, I B 3 c, I G, I H, I E
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 11, 1888
    Anti-Foreign Tendency in United States

    For several years a tendency to hate foreigners has been noticeable in the United States. The fanatical clergy of the majority of American sects, in particularly the Methodists, Congregationalists, Presbyterians, and Baptists, have taken advantage of these conditions not only to enforce the antiquated blue-laws, but, also to render them more severe.

    This anti-foreign tendency has been strong enough to influence many Americans, who otherwise, might have been liberal and progressive. The enforcement of antiquated Sunday-laws is first of all an attack against the German element, because of its custom of going out on Sundays with families to enjoy the out-doors, to listen to good music while drinking beer in a beer-garden...

    Of late the fanatical clergymen have succeeded with their almost limitless influence over women, to brand as unfashionable the visit to "devilish" places, such as beer-gardens, etc. The question is, why should foreigners 2be permitted to celebrate Sunday in a different manner than has been customary for Americans for generations? In the country-towns and villages the clergy have likewise used their influence over woman, and have organized them as their most effective allies. In some places every girl and woman must join this organization, if they wish to be considered decent.

    The agitations for the blue-laws and for prohibition, are not the only result of this anti-foreign tendency, prevalent for several years. Many things point to the fact that a crusade is being prepared against all foreigners similar to the movement in 1854. That particular crusade was the result of the large number of immigrants from Ireland during the previous decade and of the influence of corrupt politicians who had gained control over elections and the ballot-box. It was also pointed against Germans of the revolutionary period (1848), whose viewpoints were misunderstood 3by most Americans. A petition of that storm in all probability will be occasioned by the continuous intermingling of the Irish-English problem in the political life of the United States. This is being done by the Irish politicians with increasing effrontery. The Americans are tired of listening to the Irish publicly asserting that they vote only for those men who take a most definite stand against England in Irish affairs, and not for those who might be the best men for American affairs. The Americans are tired of having their relationship to England continuously interfered with by demagogues, who speculate for Irish votes. One can not blame the Americans from being really disgusted with the demands of the Irish to appoint such judges to the Supreme Court only, as are favorable toward the Irish question.

    Another cause of this anti-foreign tendency is to be found in the activity of recently immigrated anarchists and socialists. The American considers the red flag, the banner of the Anarchists as well as socialists and shows a continuous trend against his institutions.

    There is no doubt that the importation of half-civilized workers from Italy, Poland and other countries by the American industries contributed its share in 4These half-slaves were imported for the purpose of squeezing wages to a lower lever. It is not strange that the American workers bitterly resented it. This attitude is spreading more and more. Almost daily appear in newspapers, demands by workers to restrict immigration from Europe, similar to that from China. This restriction would not only effect the half-civilized masses of Europe, but all nations. If the liberal New York Times remarks that it is still an open question, whether restriction of immigration is an advantage to this country or not, but that naturalization could and should be restricted and that this is a matter for congress, then the danger is very imminent.

    However, this storm may blow over like many others, without doing much damage.

    For several years a tendency to hate foreigners has been noticeable in the United States. The fanatical clergy of the majority of American sects, in particularly the Methodists, Congregationalists, Presbyterians, ...

    German
    I B 2, I C, I G, III C, I B 3 c
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- September 26, 1888
    Woman's Vocation. By Johanna Greie.

    In the hands of the woman rests, for the bigger part, the task of raising the future generation, and of making this generation understand true human virtues.

    Then why is it that we women are kept eternally in a condition of bondage, when in our hands rest the good and evil of future generations? Why should the only class that produces mankind, be stripped of its human rights?

    These are questions that come up involuntarily when one realizes how numerous are the enemies of a reasonable emancipation of women.

    The progressive class-conscious workers especially should realize the necessity of giving more consideration than has been done so far to womankind as educators and formers of the future generation.

    How can a mother be in a position to teach her children reasonable understanding 2of our world and life when her own mind is crammed with antiquated screwy ideas and prejudices.

    If a woman wants to give her children a good education aimed at a practical life, she must be in a position where she herself is able to judge happenings and events in practical life, and she must be acquainted and well versed with those. She can and will only then be able to teach her children rational thinking and acting, after she has learned them first herself.

    Mothers must be given entirely different positions in society if the education of children is to be a real solid one in conformity with actual conditions. There must not be any rules of exception for women, or the degeneracy of coming generations will infallibly be the result.

    It is indeed unspeakably sad to have to admit that our children must combat always anew the errors and mistakes produced by the same faulty education as we had in youth, in order to reach a clear, rational view and that this fight is going on under much more disgusting and pressing conditions now.

    Is it not far more our holiest duty to help and try to make this battle easier 3for our children? Should we not direct our undivided attention to the early acquisition of consciousness of genuine human dignity on the part of our children, to which acquisition every single human being as a part of the universe has the same right.

    If we want to reach this goal we have first to bring to life this consciousness. The interest of all women must be aroused for present day questions and demands of imminent importance to all workers.

    This understanding will come just as it did with men.

    The mother, being acknowledged to have the greatest influence in most cases on the mental development of her children, will then be in a position to form her children into real human beings who will become loyal, spirited followers of the suppressed and enslaved proletariat.

    Is not this aim worth while - to throw away old ideas of rights and laws, opinions and habits?

    Is it not high time to help women in their efforts to become emancipated, by advice and deeds, instead of working against them, and to use head and hand for 4energetic co-operation in order to realize the demands of a rational emancipation of women which is in harmony with the principles of justice and humanity!

    Just cast a glance at present day married life. I will not go into details with regard to the married life of the upper ten thousand, as I presume that the way those marriages are contracted and the growing demoralization in marital fashions are well known to everybody.

    The same stands for marriages within the so-called bourgoise or middle class.

    There is no concern whether the future bride is physically well or whether her character guarantees a happy married life in the future. No, the first question is: Is there money in her family, and how much?

    You will hardly find more than three or four marriages in a hundred that are found to be at least a bit bearable. There cannot be any talk of happiness, as found in a union based on free mutual harmony and love in which the two individuals supplement each other.

    And married life within the working class? Seldom, very seldom do we meet 5a couple of human beings who are of equal mentality and feeling.

    Defective education and the steady grinding fight for existence, for daily bread, hinder the formation of a harmonious, really happy life.

    When the earnings of the husband are not sufficient to procure the barest necessities and wife and children must go to work for support of the family - then what is life of such a married life?

    It is now easily understandable that as a consequence of these pressing worries for existence disharmony and dissatisfaction appear.

    And how does all this affect the minds of the children who a re witnesses of unpleasant scenes, resulting from this disharmony?

    Or let's assume that the earnings of the husband are sufficient to enable him to live a halfway decent and care-free life. The wife, then, is in a position to give herself fully to the education of the children and to make a comfortable home for her husband.

    6

    But he is also interested in liberal progressive ideas. He goes occasionally to meetings and tries to discuss afterwards with his wife what he heard and saw. But she shows no understanding, no interest in such serious questions and perhaps even differs with her husband and agrees with the opinions of reactionary tendencies, as, by the way, most females do.

    The husband stands firm in his conviction, the wife the same in hers; one word leads to another and the matrimonial disrupture is accomplished.

    The wife begins to hate the causes, the meetings, organizations, etc., out of which come these ideas and discussions which in her opinion estrange her husband from children and herself.

    What a different picture is presented to our eyes when husband and wife are mutually interested and have understanding between themselves.

    A little patience and indulgence on the part of the man, and graciousness and reasonable discernment on the part of the woman, and it cannot be otherwise than that the woman will grow to respect, honor and love her husband's convictions.

    7

    She will become interested in the ideas of our present time and will understand them, and will perhaps become a fearless fighter for truth and right.

    The man, on the other hand, will now be able to have discussions with his wife of a more serious nature, which will gain in interest as the mutual exchange of ideas and opinions furnishes the necessary stimulus.

    He will feel more comfortable in his home from then on, the spare time left him after the day's work will become a time of real recreation because he knows that his wife is of the same feeling and thinking as he.

    The wife must be the best friend, the most loyal comrade to her husband.

    Then this marriage will show a mental harmony which is necessary for happiness.

    The wife will, furthermore, in correct judgement of the situation, raise her children to be energetic brave men.

    No sneaks, flatterers and egoists, excelling in servility, slavery and bigotry, will grow up, but an absolutely true, proud and brave generation will bloom 8forthwith!

    Mothers, take interest in all those serious questions concerning the good and evil of mankind. Learn to realize that you have to make use of your energies in the interest of humanity.

    Do not be afraid of obstacles and interceptions in your way but fight your way bravely through trash of silly prejudices of past days.

    Demand your human rights and fight for them. Your slogan shall be:

    "It is for the future of our children," and you, men, do not remain any longer in inactivity and stubbornness in regard to woman's emancipation, but try to have your wives and daughters spend a few hours for the advancement of a just and rational woman's emancipation.

    You should be proud when your wife learns to think instead of remaining thoughtless all her life and unacquainted with high idealistic aims of humanity.

    It is not the purpose to set women against men but to but to bring them to the point of a realization that is necessary for the whole nation.

    9

    Don't let us forget that all we are doing should be done in the interest of suppressed and suffering mankind.

    Therefore we demand liberation of our women from those unworthy chains with which custom and laws have bound them.

    Let us help to raise women to what they were predestined: "The educator and true mother of her children, the loyal companion and respected comrade of her husband."

    In the hands of the woman rests, for the bigger part, the task of raising the future generation, and of making this generation understand true human virtues. Then why is ...

    German
    I K, I H, I E, I B 3 b, I B 3 c
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- February 28, 1890
    The Germans Are the Most Frugal

    An official of one of the local savings banks submitted some interesting statistical figures, several days ago, which are herewith appended. Savings banks have been founded for the purpose of giving the poorer classes of the population an opportunity to obtain a safe depository for their funds. Of all the nationalities which comprise our regular customers, the Germans are represented by the largest number. Young Germans, who have only a small income, know how to save and bring these small sums consistently to our banks. Aside from this, they excel other nationalities by the fact, that almost all who have business relations with us, are able to read and write. There are German servant girls here, who often save $2,000 and more from their meager wages; they accomplish this in a few years.

    2

    The Germans also make the largest deposits. A young German brings not less than $20 or $25 to the bank but if he is in business, then his deposits are $200 at the least and they are very often much larger. Next to the Germans, I would consider the descendants of the Irish, hence, the Irish-Americans, as very frugal.....The average age, when men form the saving habit, is the 25th year, but especially amongst the Germans, this inclination very often manifests itself when they are much younger.

    An official of one of the local savings banks submitted some interesting statistical figures, several days ago, which are herewith appended. Savings banks have been founded for the purpose of ...

    German
    V A 2, I B 3 c, I C
  • Abendpost -- April 21, 1894
    Women and Social Problems

    There always has been in this country a strong movement, supported by numerous women organizations and reckless politicians, to give women still more rights and privileges, which gradually would crowd out the lead of men in the political field, industry, and business.

    According to the standpoint of some American women of intellectually high standing, nature built man stronger and larger than women. Therefore, they claim, man should concentrate more on physical work and leave the thinking to the physically weaker women.

    As a fact, this country does not need any particular encouragement, to raise women on a still higher social level. Women were scarce in America at the beginning of colonization and soon became the pets of the first settlements. While the country grew up with the development of agriculture, commerce and industry, the American women went along with increased privileges, which combined as "Feminism" are becoming to-day a danger, not alone to man, but also to the peace and safety of one social life. We believe, that women regardless of rights, belong in the household and kitchen, where they need also a lot of thinking.

    There always has been in this country a strong movement, supported by numerous women organizations and reckless politicians, to give women still more rights and privileges, which gradually would crowd ...

    German
    I K, I B 3 a, I B 3 c, I H
  • Abendpost -- June 15, 1894
    Observance of the Sabbath.

    Regardless of Party lines and religion, this newspaper always has represented the standpoint of the German elements in this city concerning all community-affairs.

    After 6 days of work and toiling, the Germans want to enjoy life freely on Sunday, As they see the Sabbath, some people will go to the Church in the morning. Many more people will go in the afternoon to theaters and afterwards to cafes and Restaurants. Some other people will stay at home or flock to saloons to meet old friends and make new acquaintances. Sunday nights should be reserved for family affairs, dances and other entertainments. That is the way we Germans want to enjoy life on a carefree Sunday.

    The latest adopted Sabbath city ordinance is reflecting the German standpoint and must be rightfully called an achievement of German cultural thought in bitter opposition to the Puritan standpoint, as voiced by the Anglo-American Press, which wants to give to the American people a dead Sunday, with the silence of a graveyard and bare of any joys of life, to which we are all entitled.

    Regardless of Party lines and religion, this newspaper always has represented the standpoint of the German elements in this city concerning all community-affairs. After 6 days of work and toiling, ...

    German
    I B 2, I C, I B 3 b, I B 3 c, III C, I F 4
  • Abendpost -- October 07, 1898
    A Necessary Reform

    The divorce problem reflects various colors, bright and dark ones, according to the different laws in the states of this great republic, which make divorce either easy or difficult to obtain. In the state of North Carolina the future looks very dark for those who desire to divorce their marriage partner, because divorce is illegitimate and divorce laws do not exist. On the other hand, the divorce laws of South Dakota and Oklahoma appear in the most promising and fancy rose colors for those tired of matrimony and their increase in population is, no doubt, partially due to these easy divorce laws. Between these extremes there are, as it were, all shades and hues, from a murky gray in the state of New York to the brighter colors in the Western Central states.

    The state of New York recognizes only adultery as a legitimate reason for divorce, but the guilty partner is forbidden to remarry. Some of the West Central states, on the contrary, recognize more than one-half dozen legitimate reasons for divorce. Just as the divorce laws in the states differ, so there is also a difference in recognized causes in each state.

    2

    In spite of this, the possible reasons are not yet exhausted, and it may happen that a lady, anxious to divorce her husband for an apparently reasonable cause, can find no state in which her cause is recognized as legal. If we uphold the various divorce laws and recognize them as legal we should try to attain perfection in this because it is an infringement on the rights of woman to deny her the possibility of divorcing her husband for any reason of her own anywhere in this great republic. This reform is, of course, a matter for the jurists of our country, and one can truly assert that they are well aware of their task. Every new divorce law must be the result of a new recognized cause and there is no limit to recommending new and different causes for divorces.

    A certain judge in Missouri evidently discovered such a deficiency in the divorce laws and desired to call attention to it by granting a certain woman a divorce decree, because her husband was a poor man, who had to work for low wages and could not support her in a way that was satisfactory to her. Although the divorce laws in Missouri do not recognize poverty as a legal cause this judge granted her a decree, obviously assuming that a change or correction of the state laws was necessary. His intention was commendable, but the action of Judge Bland from the court of appeals frustated 3it all, because he declared the divorce decree of the lower courts illegitimate, since no law in the state of Missouri recognizes poverty as a cause for divorce. This judge, apparently a dried-up book-worm, knows nothing of the requirements of an up-to-date American woman. Perhaps he did not have the courage to declare that the inability of a man to support his wife is sufficient reason for divorce, since he simply stated that Missouri has no such divorce laws. This deficiency in the divorce laws should be rectified in order to make it possible to say to woman, desiring divorces:

    "Take your choice, ladies, and do as you please." This would be the climax of the rights of woman.

    The divorce problem reflects various colors, bright and dark ones, according to the different laws in the states of this great republic, which make divorce either easy or difficult to ...

    German
    I H, I B 3 a, I B 3 c, I K
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- February 26, 1914
    Opinions of Women on the Suffrage Movement

    The Illinois Staats-Zeitung has made it its task to procure the opinions of women on the Suffrage Movement and to publish them in its paper. Our reporter had occasion to interview yesterday the following ladies:-

    Mrs. B. Baumann, 5320 Indiana Avenue: "In the next generation, America will be a Republic of women and I cannot see why it should not be that way. That women are suited for reigning has been proved by more than one, and many a man became great and famous only through his wife. The men owe their preeminence only to their greater bodily strength, and the less this becomes a deciding factor the more they will be pushed to the background. Therefore, it will be a natural movement that they retire from the Government. In the fight for existence, man will be forced to work harder znd harder to feed his wife and children. His entire activity will concentrate more on the physical and woman will be found at the University and at the Lecture Hall, for education will be turned over to women by that time. Thus will be executed by itself what I have prophesied for the next generation and about which we now smile. As I said before, the dominion of man is only a remaant of 2barbarism. The farther back we go, the more easy man has made it for himself at the cost of his wife. With very few exceptions, women were up to this day only slaves, degraded toys of man. That this must be changed is clear to everyone, and it has already changed, but not enough."

    Mrs. Abe Pfaeltzer, 5017 Grand Boulevard expresses the following opinion: "In my opinion it would have been more sad if the women had not received the privilege of voting. The question whether we should vote is solved. In this short period the women have proved sufficiently that their talents are just as great as those of men. Women-suffrage is yet still in its infancy and on account of this I do not believe it wise that they should apply for public offices. Women Suffrage brings material into the house for entertainment between man and children. We talk about things at home now about which we never spoke before. Women are also better able to manage their household after they hear the opinions of all the able, wise women."

    A highly educated, very prominent German housewife and mother, who does not want her name to be mentioned, expressed herself as follows: "I feel sorry for the 3woman of today! Whence did we come? We go backward, slowly but surely. The way of the woman led astray with the hour when Dunne signed the suffrage bill. The woman loses everything she had gained. The married life goes backward; obligations do not exist any more and this they call higher civilization! Marriage must be childless for the wife cannot be mother any more, and when children arrive in spite of this they become neglected and our public institutions receive new inmates. Then comes the expense question. "The eye of the Lord feeds the horses!" But how will it look when the wife is never at home, if she must leave everything go or leave everything in charge of servants? The result will be disunion, and quarreling with her husband. He goes to the saloon etc. There is no more home, the marriage ends in divorce. When I see a woman stand at the platform and hear her babble her nonsense my mind comes to a standstill. Either she is no woman or she is a liar. A man is a born idler. If the woman is now doing everything that he has since done he will not get excited about it. He will sit down and smoke his pipe. But the woman will get closer and closer to the rank to which the Indian woman belonged, and I do not need to be a prophet to prophesy that in fifty years there will be not more Americans than we now have Indians, for they will die out.

    4

    What good is a discussion here or an explanation? It is an attempt to swim against the current; and for telling the truth people have already been hanged. If I am told, 'the woman is the equal of the man,' I say "No, emphatically No". The woman is of an entirely different construction than the man. It is the destiny of the woman to create the home and the woman is for the home what the sun is for the Spring. The man's destination is to go out, to produce, to create, to dispute, to fight. There is something in a woman which can be called intuition and this the man does not possess. In this the man should subordinate himself to the woman. This intuition refers to education perhaps school etc and here the judgement of a woman is more dependable than that of a man. But when it comes to politics, it is not any more intuition, but opinion."

    Mrs. George Vosbrick, member of the School Board and President of the Democratic Women's League declares: "I believe in the right of voting for women. I believe that the woman after she received the right to vote must possess the right completely. I absolutely do not agree with the women who want to obtain 5the offices held by men, because women are new in politics and therefore without experience. I am convinced that the woman entitled to vote will accomplish many good reforms in the home, in the school and in labor conditions. Because the woman is the best housekeeper she will also bring to order the political household. The man should be glad for the assistance of the woman, because the man has no eye for details and just those details play a great part in attaining perfection."

    The Illinois Staats-Zeitung has made it its task to procure the opinions of women on the Suffrage Movement and to publish them in its paper. Our reporter had occasion to ...

    German
    I K, II B 2 d 1, I B 3 a, I B 3 c, I B 1