The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- June 19, 1875
    German-American Catholics (Editorial)

    The Catholic Wahrheitsfreund, (Friend of the Truth), of Cincinnati, once expressed its objection to the agitation carried on by Catholic fanatics; at least that paper definitely condemned the requests of those apostles who demanded certain divisions of the school fund. And the paper reiterates its opinion now, although lately Archbishop Purcell of Cincinnati, in his organ, the Catholic Telegraph, has been renewing the demands for school funds with determined insistence, invoking the authority of the Syllabus. [Translator's note: Syllabus; A document issued by Pope Pius IX, December 8, 1864, condemning eighty current doctrines of the age as heresies.]

    [Translator's note: The omitted paragraphs consist of an excerpt taken from the Wahrheitsfreund, and comments thereon.] 2Nevertheless the conduct of the Wahrheitsfreund; its opposition to Catholic agitators and disturbers, deserves recognition. The paper undoubtedly acts in conformance with the attitude of the tremendous majority of German Catholics in the United States, at least, surely, in accordance with that of practically all German Catholics in Chicago, and everyone who is at all familiar with conditions here will concede that the Chicago German Catholics are, completely tolerant and loyal to the country of their adoption.

    Any attempt to undermine the interdenominational peace among local Germans would prove farcical. And the new generation of German Catholic is fully steeped in the true, American form of tolerance; the absolute equality of all religious denominations.

    The Catholic Wahrheitsfreund, (Friend of the Truth), of Cincinnati, once expressed its objection to the agitation carried on by Catholic fanatics; at least that paper definitely condemned the requests of ...

    I A 1 c, I A 2 a, III C, I C
  • Der Westen -- January 28, 1877
    Professor Wiedinger Opens New School

    Professor Wiedinger, the well known educator will open next week a German and English select school at 533 N. Clark St. The new institution will teach several subjects of a higher school. The very able teacher Mrs. Wiedinger will be connected with the new school. The languages used in the teaching of the subjects will be German and English. Mr. Wiedingers' ability as an educator is so well known by the older German generation of the city, that he should not lack students. We consider it our duty to call this new school to the attention of the parents and we wish to recommend it.

    Professor Wiedinger, the well known educator will open next week a German and English select school at 533 N. Clark St. The new institution will teach several subjects of a ...

    I A 2 a
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- August 26, 1879
    The Fifth Annual Festival of the Old Settlers

    When the Chicago Turngemeinde (Turner District) arranged an Old Settlers' festival four years ago, the association probably did not expect that the affair would develop into an annual festival. However, after a short time it became apparent that the affair was very popular and served, as nothing else could, to bring together the various [national] elements in the city and so promote good fellowship in general. The Old Settlers' picnic is not only of interest to Germans; it became a festival of the people in general, or, let us say, there are prospects that it will eventually be of interest to our inhabitants.

    This must have been obvious to all who saw the large group of Irish and Americans who came to Ogden's grove yesterday, and observed the great interest manifested by the old settlers--regardless of national origin--in the yarns told, and noticed the rapt attention of the youngsters who listened to stories 2of bygone days.

    The Chicago Turngemeinde was again favored by good weather--a delightful, though somewhat cool, day. It appeared to us that the crowd was even larger than that of last year. Probably more than five thousand people came to yesterday's festival. An indication of the large attendance may be had from the registration, since more than seventeen hundred old settlers of the city entered their names in the book.

    The afternoon and early evening hours were dedicated to youth, as is the custom at all popular festivals. There was the climbing contest, where boys could procure drums, trumpets, and other toys mounted out of reach; dancing was on the program, as was javelin throwing. All of this was calculated to amuse the crowd; but the climax came in the evening, when thousands of paper lanterns and calcium lights, as well as splendid fireworks lasting for several hours, illuminated the park. The pyrotechnic display was arranged by G. D. Zernitz.


    The festival started officially at six o'clock, when Emil Hoechster, president of the Turngemeinde, mounted the speaker's platform and addressed the crowd. He expressed his satisfaction that the Old Settlers' festival had proved to be so popular. He said that this was the fifth annual festival, and that each year showed greater attendance, so that we may well expect the festival to survive and to form a bond between our various nationals long after the originators of the festival have departed. It was apparent that the strictly German character of the festivities had faded, and that the aspect was that of a general festival comprising all groups of people. The speaker said that he hoped this trend would continue in the future, so that the various elements in our city might become more firmly cemented together.

    He then introduced W. Bross as the next speaker.

    Mr. Bross said: "Mr. President, ladies and gentlemen: Congratulations! Your 4festival, though primarily a social affair, has taken on a certain historical significance, since prizes or medals are given to the oldest settler as well as to the oldest persons in certain professions and commercial pursuits. It will undoubtedly be an interesting day for the recipients of the prizes as well for the donors. Of course, on such a day, subjects of a seriously controversial nature should be avoided. After all, you came here for amusement, and therefore it is our duty to make the meeting as pleasant an event as possible. However, I am fully aware of the intellectual attainments of those who asked me to speak here, and know that you will be interested in historical matters, or at least in some facts which broaden our knowledge. I do not know when the oldest settler came to this city; perhaps it can be ascertained during the course of the festival. But I do know that there were comparatively few Germans here when I came to Chicago in the year 1848.

    "At the festival given by the Calument Club on May 27, this year, 161 old 5settlers were listed as having come here prior to the year 1840, but not a single German name was evident. The list contains only English, Irish, and Scotch names. If there were Germans here prior to 1840, they either died, moved, or failed to register when the festival was held. Up to 1840, and probably for ten years after that, Chicago was an American city with American ideas and habits, which were but little influenced by the influx of foreign elements.

    "Changes, political dissensions, and revolutions occurring in one country often prove a blessing to another nation. And so it quite often happens that the better elements among a people--progressive persons, and individuals with a communal spirit and enterprising mind--seek new homes elsewhere. Instead of hoping for improvement and progress within the boundaries of their native land, these people their escape from conservatism and tradition by emigrating, and America becomes their goal because this nation offers a broader field for their activities, and also because the Americans have the same views as far as social 6questions are concerned. That is best shown by the German revolution of 1848-49. The most intelligent and patriotic contingent of the people insisted upon a more liberal and humane form of government, an administration based not on absolutism, not to say despotism or decree by royal proclamation. These Germans wanted a government which considered the social welfare of the people. The upheaval failed and, as a result, some of Germany's most outstanding men came to America, among them Carl Schurz, who became one of our greatest senators and cabinet members; Georg Schneider, one of our most eminent editors, who is now president of the National Bank of Illinois; George Raster, a highly educated man and indefatigable journalist; Caspar Butz, great speaker and public official; General Sigel and Colonel Fred Hecker, whose valor entitles them to be counted among our most outstanding heroes of the Civil War. And, aside from these few, legions came to our shores--Germany's greatest men, thousands, tens of thousands--and a large portion sought Chicago as a home. Gustavus Koerner and others came before them. Chicago had many Germans prior 7to 1849, as the Staats-Zeitung was founded in 1846; it was a weekly paper at that time. After the German revolution in 1848-49, the Germans became prominent here in business, politics and society. For several years there was some friction, which was to be expected.

    The Germans did not understand our ways, nor did we try to become friendly. Then around 1854, the Know-Nothing party was founded, and its conduct spread terror among the immigrants, but the organization came to life chiefly because of the peculiarities and progress of another large foreign element, while the fact that the new arrivals happened to be Germans was of little concern. I, for my part, instantly recognized the bigotry and untenableness of the party's principles, and wrote a number of articles in my paper, the Democratic Press, to expose the movement--and had the satisfaction of witnessing the eventual disintegration of the party. The friction and animosity engendered by this gospel of hate is now in the past--since we have been neighbors for a quarter-century. After we have seen the rapid growth of our city, its destruction by fire and its rebuilding, we can now look impartially 8at the process of assimilation, that beneficial influence which will make us a homogeneous people.

    "What were the good influences of the German immigration? In that connection, I would like to mention, first of all, the wearing of full beards, which were seldom seen until the Germans came and proved the usefulness of the hairy growth, quite aside from the manly appearance provided thereby and the respect thus created among the ladies. Concerning these beards, let is be said that many a formerly smooth-shaven American face can now be favorably compared with a true German countenance.

    "Second, the Germans gave us a very important and effective example in moderation. I believe that, at present, we have less intemperence among a half-million people than we had when Chicago had only eighteen thousand inhabitants. I base this assertion on my observations during the year 1848, when I first came here. However, one might point to the large number of saloons in the city and 9ask 'What can you say about that? Are not these taverns of German origin?' True, they are, and many Americans patronize the German saloons. But, as a rule, the frequenters of the German taverns do not indulge in whiskey to the same extent as do our native Americans. The Germans abroad drink beer or wine as a matter of course, but you seldom see a drunken person. In 1867, I was in Berlin for a week or longer, likewise in Munich and Vienna; then I spent several days in Dresden, Prag, Salzburg, and other cities; yet, throughout my entire journey in Germany and Austria I did not see one drunken person. If we follow German customs for another quarter-century, insobriety will be wiped out, just as drunkeness is virtually nonexistent in our fatherland.

    "Third, I assert that the Germans have taught us music--one of the most up-lifting and sensible diversions we have. Of course, we had music before the Germans settled here, but it lacked quality and popularity. Nearly all Germans sing or play some musical instrument--and they perform well. One can hardly estimate the elevating influence which a musical education provides. Only 10operas by the greatest masters and outstanding works of the most gifted composers are considered by the Germans. All our children study music, and no branch of education exerts a better influence on mankind. Now, with respect to the success and achievements attained in music, I have heard from the most prominent German authorities that our Apollo and Beethoven clubs compare favorably with the oldest musical societies of Germany. Although the Apollo Club is a strictly American organization, its members undoubtedly recognize the German influence which was the motivating force for its progress.

    "Furthermore, I must not fail to mention that our German fellow citizens have always defended liberty and supported the constituted authorities. The Germans were patriots in their own country and a vast majority were, likewise, patriots when they became Americans. It must be remembered that the Germans left their own nation because they could not form a liberal government and, in coming to the United States, they now support the Republic because it represents the 11ideal they had in mind for their own native land. When the South threatened the existence of our form of government, the Germans--to a man--rallied to the support of that party which fought for liberty. The German votes and bullets were cast in the name of freedom. And that explains why the Germans so gladly and liberally bought government bonds to help continue the war; of course, a profit was made thereby, and we are glad of it. These bonds were acquired by Germans at a time when the English aristocracy spent hundreds of millions of dollars to buy Confederate bonds and to equip rebel privateers. But John Bull lost his money, and paid the tidy sum of fifteen million dollars as indemnity for acts committed by British vessels. He [John Bull] got his just reward. Naturally, I am fully aware of what the Scandinavians and others did for the Union and will, at some opportune time, cover that phase at length. But today I am speaking of the Germans, who did their duty at the elections and who shed their blood for the nation, the men who deserve the gratitude of all people who believe in liberty. The heroism of these Germans was indeed monumental, so let us not 12stint with our praise.

    "I also like to reiterate the biological fact that a mixture of two strong races produces a better race than either one of the original races. This was proved by the Romans and also by the English, on whose possessions the sun never sets. The small island of Queen Victoria was invaded and conquered time and again--a great blessing. The Romans, Saxons, and Normans sent their select armies, whose members mingled with the British, Irish, and Scotch people, thus producing a race which is unequalled in bodily strength as well as mental accomplishment. Think what we may, therefore, expect here in America, where we have assimilated the best elements of these highly select races!

    "Where can one find more auspicious conditions for the development of an enterprising, diligent, intelligent hybrid people than here, where liberal laws prevail and where we are blessed with continental possessions--a land of great 13fertility and exceptional resources, which not only provides the necessities of life but helps us to produce articles of luxury which the whole world covets today--a country whose mineral wealth rivals the fantastic tales of bygone ages; here, in America, where we have schools, colleges, and churches to further our education; a great land with freedom of speech--a press which resorts to biting sarcasm in fighting vice in all its branches--a country where the son of even the poorest family can aspire to greatness--where mind and labor can perform miracles--with these countless benefits available to us, the greatest blessings the Almighty ever gave to mankind--who, then, considering these conditions, can predict what we will amount to when our population reaches two hundred million?

    A great race, free and highly cultured, has never existed; when we reach that stage, it will affect all of the people on earth. It is destined that our Republic shall reach this goal."


    The speech evoked great applause.....The next part of the program was a vote on the question: "Who was, or is, the best mayor Chicago ever has had?" This, of course, proved of great interest to the politically minded, and toward the end a great, lively crowd milled around the voting booth, just as though it were an actual election. It appeared certain that Monroe Heath would win, but at the last minute Harrison's friends managed to gather considerably more than two hundred votes, and so the latter won.

    The results of the balloting were given at the large musicians' platform. The festival committee, consisting of Messrs. Emil Hoechster, president; John D. Zernitz, secretary; Frank Schweinfurth, treasurer;....[altogether, sixteen people], walked from the tent where the balloting was in progress to the stage, while the band played.

    Emil Hoechster, in making the announcement, declared that according to the votes, 15Carter H. Harrison had won; he received 282 votes, Monroe Heath 208, H. S. Colvin 111, John Wentworth 44, Joseph Medill 40, J. W. Rice 9, and several others one vote each. (Cries of "Never! John Wentworth was the best mayor! The votes must have been short!"). However, Mr. Hoechster declared that the votes were cast and paid for and, under the circumstances, he would have to give the medal to Mayor Harrison, who, unfortunately, was not present to receive it in person.

    The Oldest German Freemason

    There were six contestants: H. M. Peters, in office from 1859 to 1861..... The medal was given to H. M. Peters, because he was inducted eight days prior to Mr. Kauffeldt. In accepting the medal, Mr. Peters regretted that it was not given to Mr. Kauffeldt.

    The Oldest German Teacher

    The oldest German teacher is G. H. Fischer, the well-known director of the 16German Lutheran parochial schools. He first taught German here on June 1, 1850. The only other contestant was Mrs. Caroline Schuettler who taught German here in 1862.

    The Medal for the Swabians

    Mrs. Philippine Schmutz received this medal; she came here in 1842.....[Altogether six entrants].

    The Oldest German Doctor

    The oldest German doctor, and also the oldest German newspaper writer, is Dr. Carl A. Hellmuth, who practiced in Chicago in 1847, and who was editor of the Illinois Staats-Zeitung in 1848. In accepting the medal, Dr. Hellmuth spoke of the unfortunate seven years 1849-1856, when the cholera raged in Chicago. The second oldest physician is Dr. Ullrich.


    The Largest Number of Descendents

    Undoubtedly Mrs. Marie Grauel can lay claim to that. She came here in 1847, and has two sons, four daughters, thirty-one grandchildren and sixteen great-grandchildren, making a total of fifty-three descendents. However, quite a few contestants proved close seconds. Mrs. Lorenz Baer, here since 1840, has four sons, six daughters, and thirty-three grandchildren, a total of forty-three descendents....[Eight other names appear].

    In presenting the medals, Mr. Hoechster each time added a few appropriate words, while the orchestra played a flourish. After the end of the official ceremonies, the crowd remained for several hours and enjoyed itself.

    The festival committee and the police, commanded by Lieutenant Bauss, maintained perfect order and saw to it that no disturbing element marred the 18festivities, so that everyone of the participants will always think of the occasion as a perfect day. The only disagreeable feature was the construction work on Clybourn Avenue, which is to be filled in and paved; that prevented streetcars from continuing beyond North Avenue.

    When the Chicago Turngemeinde (Turner District) arranged an Old Settlers' festival four years ago, the association probably did not expect that the affair would develop into an annual festival. However, ...

    II B 1 c 3, II B 2 d 1, I A 2 a, II B 3, I B 1, III G, I E, I J, IV
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- October 02, 1879
    "The Teaching of German in Public Schools."

    The teaching of German in Public Schools is an absolute necessity and not a mere concession. A city which counts among its population such a large percentage of the German Element as Chicago does, can not ignore the German language, without disadvantage to itself; and furthermore, free schools can fluorish with our population only when it offers to the pupils the opportunity, to learn the native language of their parents. This in itself, would be sufficient reason, why the German language should be taught in public schools, and for another still more important reason, because the parochial schools, which are so dangerous to our free thinking, are steadily growing, which is the consequence of devoting much time and energy to the teaching of German. Neverthe-less, the management of public schools, has for years taken a hostile attitude toward the teaching of German in public schools which was taught only to advanced pupils, thus out of 48,000 pupils, only 8000 can get German instructions. But even this small number is, through various limitations, reduced to 6000 for whom the opportunity to learn German is afforded. And of this number 2000 have applied for the German instruction.


    The parents of the children who attend the Picard-School, near Mc Cormick's factory on 22nd Street, have repeatedly asked the School Board, to introduce the German Language in that school, but without any success. Four rooms in the Picard School are vacant, while the neighboring parochial schools are overcrowded, still the superintendent insists, that the school would not prove large enough, should German be added to their studies.

    The same conditions prevail at the Foster School, 12th and Halsted Streets. As limited as the teaching of German already is, it could not be surprising, if it would be stopped altogether. The School-board decided last year (The Germans Frankenthal, Hotz and Vocke, voted for the same measure too) upon optional studies "which means, that only pupils whose parents desire it, may take that particular study, but unless each class room, has at least 20 pupils for such studies, it would cease to be taught, and that of course includes German.

    If the Germans don't employ drastic measures, the German language will not be taught 3in our public schools much longer, and the Germans will have to send their children to private schools, although they have to pay for the support of public schools. Nativism dominates our School-Board, supported by several Catholics, who in their own interest, welcome any measure which would weaken the public-school system, so much hated by them. There are only three German members of the School Board, therefore, nothing can be expected from there, if public opinion would not resort to the necessary pressure, to bring about the desired results.- We call on the reliable men of the city, to take this matter up, and arrange meetings at which, the indignation over the school Board's policy can be expressed, thus the members of the School-Board may see, that the people not only wish the continuance of the teaching of German, but that same should expand among public schools.

    The teaching of German in Public Schools is an absolute necessity and not a mere concession. A city which counts among its population such a large percentage of the German ...

    I A 1 b, I A 2 a, I F 4, III C
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- February 26, 1883
    Public and Denominational Schools.

    It is regrettable that the many denominational schools of Chicago have such a large attendance of pupils, which is the consequence of a poor Public school system. The blame for this falls on the corrupt citizens themselves who are indifferent to public welfare.

    The wealthy class, sends their children to public schools and for their high school education they send them to institutions, maintained by public funds. Those public schools are built for this purpose only although we won't go so far as to say that they afford all the latest comforts of modern buildings, but it is certain that they are superior in every respect to the denominational schools which spring up almost over night. In poorer neighborhoods, generally populated by large families, schools are very scarce. It is also a fact that our city executives are not willing to grant money for the use in poorer districts. The same question is handled differently when it concerns the wealthy class. All this is the underlying cause for so many denominational schools. Public corruption is a welcome thing to the clerics of different religious denominations. They erect schools and teach youth intolerance toward other religions. The responsibility for all this lies with our city 2executives. If there would not be so much corruption, taxes would be paid according to the wealth of the individual and, the city would dispose over sufficient funds to build institutions which are so much needed. Corruption suffers, that 20 to 25,000 Chicago's children are in daily danger of losing their lives in schools, which are nothing but fire traps and public conscience has still not been aroused!

    So many lives are in danger because of the corruption of the city administration, the wealthy class of citizens and the clergy.

    The yesterday's Fackel named the Catholic schools which are fire traps. The parents have warning to act and to avoid a disaster such as that of New York.

    It is regrettable that the many denominational schools of Chicago have such a large attendance of pupils, which is the consequence of a poor Public school system. The blame for ...

    I A 1 a, I A 2 a, I F 6
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- May 12, 1883
    The German Language in Chicago

    The last few editorials of the "Tribune are devoted to the know-nothing theme namely, that the English language is the predominant and the only language which is used by our Chicago citizens. The editorial contends that the forty thousand persons speaking German at the present time will eventually die out and with them will cease the German language in Chicago, for, their offspring have naturally been Americanized.

    Contrary to this statement is the fact that the majority of German parents send their children to German (denominational) schools and that German immigration outnumbers that of various other nationalities (meaning the total number). The Federal State Census of 1880 aids us to disprove the Tribume's statement. According to this there were: 607,524 citizens in Cook County, of which 365,109 were born in Chicago, in Illinois and elsewhere in the United States; and 242,415 foreign-born residents, with the following list:

    Germany 93,698
    Austria 1,478
    Holland 3,311
    Switzerland 1,728
    Luxemburg 644
    Bohemia 12,097
    Belgium 536
    Poland 5,721

    The majority of the Bohemia, Polish, Holland and the Luxemburg immigrants know German before they leave their country; others again learn the language from their co-workers much sooner than they learn English. The immigration from the Scandinavian countries was as follows:

    Sweden 15,332
    Norway 10,410
    Denmark 3,110

    A large number of Scandinavians learn to speak German also, for their employers and co-workers are Germans and they live in German settlements.

    Following is the list of Great Britain's immigration:

    England 16,327
    Ireland 5,905
    Scotland 4,980
    Canada 15,741
    Wales 944
    Gibraltar 5
    Malta 6
    India 33
    West Indies 77
    Australia 117

    The immigration from other nations is -

    France 1,913
    Greece 29
    Greenland 5
    Japan 3
    Mexico 26
    Portugal 36
    Russia 955
    The Isles of Sandwich 1
    South America 44
    Spain 67
    Turkey 17
    Cuba 20
    China 262
    Central-America 6
    Asia 7
    Africa 19
    Atlantic Isles 8 and 60 born at sea.

    The German people immigrate almost to any country, therefore it would be safe to say that five percent of those immigrants grown up in British dominions speak the German language. The majority of German churches conduct also parochial schools, therefore we presume that of the 35,000 Chicago children attending denominational schools there are at least 20,000 of German parentage.

    It is well known that a large number of American marriages remain childless; figures show that on the average there are only two children to each family; in contrast to this the married German woman of Chicago rears on the average a family of five children. The American population is declining as the result of aversion toward marriage.

    Since the Federal State Census was taken, Chicago has grown considerably which leads us to presume that there are as many persons living in this city now, as at that time in the whole of Cook county. The immigrants generally rear large families. Chicago Germans surpass 150,000 persons and besides, the Slavic nations speak German too.

    The last few editorials of the "Tribune are devoted to the know-nothing theme namely, that the English language is the predominant and the only language which is used by our ...

    III A, I A 1 a, I A 2 a, III G, I C
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- August 19, 1887
    The German Language Jeopardized.

    Even the most radical German unbeliever has to agree that the German language and its use in this country depends much on the support it receives from German churches. The unbelieving element of the German-American is in the minority; the majority is devoted to its churches. The steadily growing number of German Churches gives evidence enough of the religious belief of German people. The burden and responsibility of the upkeep of these places of worship rests on the shoulders of church members. The state has no obligations toward the church whatsoever. Millions of German-Americans will continue the use of the German language, as long as the churches to which they belong will not discard the mother tongue. Therefore it seems, that special effort should be made by these churches to preserve our German language through the example they can set. In regard to the German Protestant Churches, we should not feel concerned about the German language being extinguished in this country. The two largest German-American religious associations of the Protestants, namely, the United Evangelical Church and the Lutheran Evangelical Church, were far sighted enough to erect schools and seminaries, preparing even young men born in this country to become ministers fitted for the pulpit of German Churches. But according to the opinion 2of a German-Catholic theologist, the German-Catholic Church does not build seminaries, neither is it especially interested in the perpetuation of the German tongue in this country. This scholar's warning is: "We are approaching very quickly the time when we shall become aware of the fact, that German speaking Catholic priests are becoming more scarce as time goes on. The German Catholic Churches in America received their principal support from priests who were raised and educated in Germany. Due to better political conditions in their native land, many of these priests are leaving our shores to return to Germany. For instance, the Order of the Franciscan Fathers has now been permitted to return to its homeland, from which it had been banished some time ago. This Order has supplied the German Catholic Church in the United States with many priests and churchmen." It is to be hoped, that the German Catholics of America will not disregard the warning of this scholar, and will fortify against that danger by erecting German Catholic colleges, at which a good German education should be afforded our youth. Action is required and, the sooner the better.

    Even the most radical German unbeliever has to agree that the German language and its use in this country depends much on the support it receives from German churches. The ...

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  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- September 07, 1887
    The Shepherds and Their Flock.

    A meeting was held at Battery D, last night, called by the delegates attending German Catholic Day, to which the prominent followers of the Catholic religion of this city were also invited. The right side of the speaker's platform where the delegates of the clergy were seated, resembled a cabbage patch with their round and shiny bald heads. Seated on the platform were, besides the speakers of the evening, the most prominent catholic citizens of Chicago, amongst whom was Anton Caspar Hesing.

    The Rev. Father Jessing of Columbus spoke of the "Deutsk Katholiske Skule in Amerika", and expressed his opinion that our public schools are nothing but a nusiance. A good many people hold that schools are here to impart knowledge to our children; but this is wrong. Religion ought to be taught in these schools. Too much knowledge is creating evil, Chicago boodlers are giving a good exhibition of that! (Obviously, this Reverend does not seem to know that the most contemptible scoundrel among the boodlers is a pious Catholic. Lynch, the "squealer, is a 2member of the Board of Directors and one of the pillars of the Catholic church. The rest of the boodlers are all good christians, although theirs is a different form of idol worship.) The priest then asked the assemblage to encourage and build parochial schools. This honest westphalian clergyman closed his speech with these words: "Erect parochial schools, and religion will be thriving." (Stupidity would be thriving.)

    The next speaker was Mr. Miller, the publisher of the Detroit newspaper, The Truth. Mr. Miller's subject was: "The Press, expecially the American-German Catholic Press." Very little of what he said could be understood, for his immense nose interfered with the clarity of his speech. He raved furiously against the Turners and secret leaguers, who have no consideration for any authority, etc. The chairman who noticed the unpleasant effect his speech produced on the audience, caused him to withdraw.

    The Rev. Father Robbers of Covington, Kentucky followed as speaker. He was supposed to have as subject: "The Social question". Nobody could have exhibited more 3ignorance than he did during the half hour allowed him. It was astounding to hoar that social economist of the German catholic church ask: "Is there really a social question, does poverty and misery really exist among working men?" We communicated with the Holy Father and according to his instructions the church has to remain neutral, but we are not restricted as private individuals in the expression of our opinions, and mine is, that we have to block the activities of the now existing labor societies in which followers of Marx and other Jewish defenders of social economy are leaders. Those labor societies are working toward a revival of slavery, trying to dictate to their bosses. They are bound to revive the Roman and Grecian barbarism thorugh their insistence upon eradicating the religion to which we owe our civilization. The working men have to be won back to the church, peace of mind of which they were robbed by the socialistic agitators can be theirs once again, if they attend church instead of attending public meetings or Sundays. But they need the leadership of their employers." At this point he felt jokingly inclined and related an anecdote to the amusement of the listeners.

    Anton Caspar Hesing, who applauded the joke so loudly, must have forgotten that he 4made his fortune through the whisky ring and, furthermore, that he transferred the money into his wife's name, thus escaping his obligations toward his creditors.

    The proposed point of the resolution, to forbid a catholic to join the Knights of Labor, was not passed, fearing this to be a false move.

    A meeting was held at Battery D, last night, called by the delegates attending German Catholic Day, to which the prominent followers of the Catholic religion of this city were ...

    III C, II B 1 c 3, I A 1 a, I A 2 a, I H, IV
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- September 20, 1887
    A Teacher's Jubilee

    Nicolaus Dreher is the enviable man who can look back upon twenty-five years of activity in a field of noble work, the work of a teacher and educator. Mr. Dreher has been the beloved teacher at St. Joseph's parish school since 1862, during which time he has worked untiringly and successfully to educate and prepare young people to become good and useful members of society. In this task he has not failed. To celebrate this jubilee, publicly, the students of Mr. Dreher's class and others, who in years past used to be his students, headed by the Youth's Society of St. Joseph's community, have decided to make a universal celebration. A concert was given, the proceeds of which, with other large contributions of money, was presented to this excellent and highly deserving school master. The concert was at the north side Turn Hall, last night, and the immense attendance showed us the high esteem Mr. Dreher enjoys. Here is a short sketch of Mr. Dreher's career. He first became associated with the just then newly erected school, built by the Benedict Fathers on the corner of Chicago Avenue and Carpenter Streets, and remained there until 1864, when he was chosen as Superintendent for the boys school at St. Joseph's parish school. After Chicago's Great Fire he left for Pekin, Illinois, and established there a German-Catholic parish school. He didn't remain there very long, but returned 2to Chicago and became associated with St. Peter's school, corner Clark and Polk Streets, executing his duties there, as teacher, until 1873 when he to take over the management of the new St. Joseph school, then located on Hill and Market Streets. It is there where we find him, today, an untiring worker, assisted by the Sisters of the Order of Benedict. Mr. Dreher was always concerned, not only with the religious life of the students, and the preparation for a successful battle with life, but also in cultivating the German language. There was an improvised open book on the stage of the Turn Hall, composed of roses and other flowers, bearing this inscription in flowers: 1863 - Our Teacher-1887. Arrangements are under way for a reunion of Mr. Dreher's pupils for next Monday night at St. Joseph's school auditorium at Hill and Franklin Streets.

    Nicolaus Dreher is the enviable man who can look back upon twenty-five years of activity in a field of noble work, the work of a teacher and educator. Mr. Dreher ...

    IV, I A 2 a, III A, III C, III E
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- September 24, 1888
    School Festival.

    The German Evangelical-Lutheran Church, located at Humboldt and Byron Avenues, called the Christ Congregation, came to Avondale yesterday, led by their pastor, Rev. Werfelmann, to dedicate their third school, presented to this church by a noble-minded woman. Ministers and members of sister churches were also present. Rev. Reinke delivered the dedicatory sermon. He undertook to make the parents realize their responsibility toward their children and also explained the position of the parochial schools, in contrast to the non-denominational schools in general.

    Although the many visitors who had come to Avondale to take part in the splendid festival, held in the open, belonged to different creeds and churches, and numbered 500 to 600, quietness and order and a friendly spirit of fellowship prevailed.....The school will open October 1st, and will be held by Rev. Werfelman until a new teacher is ordained for this position. The youth at Avondale obtain thereby a new place for their education.........

    The German Evangelical-Lutheran Church, located at Humboldt and Byron Avenues, called the Christ Congregation, came to Avondale yesterday, led by their pastor, Rev. Werfelmann, to dedicate their third school, presented ...

    III C, II B 1 c 3, I A 2 a