The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • DennĂ­ Hlasatel -- May 25, 1903
    Protest by Croatians

    Almost four hundred sturdy Croatians met in a hall at Center Avenue and 18th Street, in order to protest against the licentious ruling of the Hungarian government and its henchmen, the baneful Khuen-Hedervary in Croatia. Conditions there are known to our people from newspaper reports. Martial law exists in many towns today. The soldiers shoot people without mercy and whoever is arrested is tried and hung mercilessly. This is the reward of the Croats for having defended the Emperor and his government in 1848, against these same Hungarians, who today are oppressing them, and this because they are defending the rights given them by law. There are no rights in Austria-Hungary and as a Croatian student predicted: "There will be no rights for the Slavs in Austria until the hoofs of Cossack horses beat upon the market-square of Vienna."

    The meeting of our Croatian brothers was dignified. The chairman was Mr. Juraj Mamek; vice-chairman, Ivan Bozie; treasurer, J. C. Jankovic, secretary, T. Lackovic; auditor Stivelic. Before the meeting was called to order, voluntary donations were brought to the treasurer's table. It was impressive, the way those hard, 2calloused hands contributed for the home-land, how willingly and how enthusiastically they contributed money earned by sweat and blood upon the altar of their "Home-land". Each of them gave at least a dollar, though we know, that Croatians are mainly workingmen and that they have no wealthy people among them. In the meeting the following was accomplished: The resolutions committee consisting of Messrs. Dr. Bianki, Pavel Hajdic and Ivan Bozic composed two telegrams; one directed to the National Defense Committee at Zahreb calling on the brothers to continue the fight for Croatian rights; the other to Franz Josef, present Emperor of Austria, in which he is called upon to put an end to the reign of the Hungarian monster in Croatia. There was collected since Thursday by means of subscription sheets and in the meeting a total of $355.80 and $51.00 for telegrams. Certainly a distinguished showing of the conscientiousness of our brother-men.

    One more word. It is our duty as Bohemians, to make collections for the benefit of our Croatian brothers and help them in their battle with the savage Hungarian hordes. Croatians live among us, associate with us, and participate in all our national undertakings. At the protest meeting, when martial law was declared in Prague, they took part in our meeting, spoke at the meeting and collected contributions for us. They celebrated Bohemian Day with us in 1893 contributing 3almost $1000.00 for the occasion. However it is now time that we showed, that we sympathize with the unfortunate Slovak nation, which is being set upon, destroyed and murdered, and that as true Slavs we stand with them.

    Almost four hundred sturdy Croatians met in a hall at Center Avenue and 18th Street, in order to protest against the licentious ruling of the Hungarian government and its henchmen, ...

    Croatian
    II D 10, III H, I C
  • Radnicka Straza -- May 15, 1912
    Be Ready!

    The Secretary of our Jugoslav Socialist Federation received a letter from Ljubljana--from Etbin Kristan, Socialist Leader--in which Kristan announces that he will arrive in America for sure by the end of August. Comrade Kristan comes to start a tour of lectures sponsored by the Jugoslav Socialist Federation.

    Since it is only three months before Kristan's arrival, this short time has to be used for agitation, if we want his lectures and meetings to be of the greatest benefit to our struggle.

    The locals of the Federation may get information from the Secretary. Do not delay. This year is one of great events, of big fights. Strikes are going on everywhere. The Presidential election is near. Such times have 2to be used for our biggest Socialist campaign.

    We have to help our ranks enlarge our press. The journey of Mr. Kristan is made for this purpose.

    We must not be unprepared; we must be ready!

    The Secretary of our Jugoslav Socialist Federation received a letter from Ljubljana--from Etbin Kristan, Socialist Leader--in which Kristan announces that he will arrive in America for sure by the end ...

    Croatian
    I F 3, II B 2 g, III H, I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- May 29, 1912
    The Political Struggle in the Homeland Chicago, May 26, 1912

    All the progressive peoples of Europe condemned those in power in Hungary and their leader Khuen Herdervary for the suspension of constitutional rights in Croatia and Slavonia.

    In consequence of the activity of our Croatian people here in the United States, protest meetings were held in many places where a number of our hard-working compatriots live to give vent to the bitterness felt over the oppression of our people in Croatia.

    As may be seen from the paragraph above, in Hungary as well in Croatia the struggle for the people's rights does not cease, but has just begun. The Central Committee of the National Croatian Union is to be congratulated on its decision to donate the sum of $3,000 to help the national struggle in their homeland Croatia.

    All the progressive peoples of Europe condemned those in power in Hungary and their leader Khuen Herdervary for the suspension of constitutional rights in Croatia and Slavonia. In consequence of ...

    Croatian
    III H, II D 10, I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- July 24, 1912
    From the Protest Meeting

    The big meeting held last Sunday at the National Hall in Chicago with the purpose of protest against the tyranny in Croatia, was characteristic in every way. The attendance was more numerous than expected. The meeting was very instructive. Instructive, in so far, as it pointed out clearly the contradictory comprehension and interpretation of the political situation in the old homeland; the disorderliness, naivety and superficiality of our so-called "patriots", on the otherhand the fundamental and matter of fact discussion by our Socialist Speakers.

    Dr. Ante Biankini resided at the meeting. The recorder was D. Miskatovic. Of the many speakers, the first was attorney P. Perich, who spoke about the settlement between Croatia and Hungary, and Hungary's violations of that settlement.

    2

    Anyone who expected to hear from Attorney Perich, a speech to clear the situation, must have been disappointed; there was only heard a tedious recitation of year numbers, of names of governors, and a few catch phrases about the merits and heroism of our ancestors whose blood "did run on the battlefields from the river Rhine to Belgrade, from the Baltic to the Adriatic." For that reason we have to be worthy of our Croatian name. The speech was just like a poem learned by heart without fire, without enthusiasm and without capacity to impress the hearers.

    Not much better fared was the next speaker, Attorney Ratkovich. He spoke about politics in Croatia and concluded with the statement that the salvation of Croatia consists in breaking up the Hungaro-Croatian settlement of 1866.

    A somewhat disagreeable situation arose, disagreeable for the Committee of Arrangements when Todor Bozovich, as speaker, was called to the platform. Instead a letter from him was read, announcing that he is not 3able to be speaker because to this meeting, presumably of Croats and Serbians, the Serbian Societies were not invited by the Committee of Arrangements. The Committee did have ready as speaker, Dusan Popovich. His merit was to be short in his talk. In one or two minutes he was able to say all possible regarding the unity of the Serbs and Croats.

    The next speaker was Max Relich, a Croat Priest, who spoke about immigration. Before he spoke about that theme, he walloped the Magjars, to answer Hungarian newspapermen with more chauvinistic aggressions from his side. "A people," he said, "must not forget offenses." As if there are offenses by one people committed against another people. But by overexalted men on both sides just like Rev. Relich himself. What about immigration? Here is what he said, "Officials, the clergy, the better classes, in general, betray the people, the people in turn suffers from poverty and misery. But why? For the reason, that the Croat people, just out for fun, leave their homes. If the Croat peasant would not so easily leave his home, the authorities could not find men to serve them.

    4

    But the way it goes, we not only lose our lands but even our beautiful language, in our homeland penetrate any strangers and foreigners." That is what Rev. Relich said.

    That is Max Relich, Evangel, that is his logic. He does not ask for the cause of poverty. What are the reasons for emigration? The people emigrate out of foolhardiness, of pure silliness. That is the way he solves the important problem. It is very seldom that anyone did make in that way fun out of the Croatian, Proletarian, who is obliged, for his daily bread, to wander all over the United States.

    In spite of all that, the president of the meeting, Dr. Biankini, expressed his thanks to Rev. Relich for his "beautiful" oration, which fact shall be recorded.

    5

    Now, our Socialist comrades, T. Besenich and B. Savich took the platform. Their statements were in accord with each other.

    The source of all our misery is that we find in the capitalistic system of the world the same cause that we find in Croatia in the nationalistic oppression of the Croats as well in the economic life of the people. (Relich did protest this statement because in Croatia, capitalism has not developed greatly.) Though industrial capitalism is not developed there is, especially in Slavonia, capital belonging to the big landowners, who in unison with the Hungarian Feudal aristocracy are the bosses in both countries, Hungary and Croatia. The big landowners have the peasants pay all the taxes, keep them illustrated, so that the people are not able to liberate themselves. Though Croatia and Slavonia, as well as Bosnis and Herzegovina, are not developed in a capitalistic sense, on account of their natural resources they are able to be developed, and that fact induces capitalists, in this case the Hungarian and Austrian, develop capitalism and exhaust the land. They do it in full measure and they put the national oppression of Jugo-slavs in their service. The governments 6in Austria and Hungary are representatives of Hungarian and Austrian capitalists, and in their hands rests the government of Croatia also. The national oppression has the purpose to crush home capitalism and to protect foreign capitalists from home competition.

    The Austro-Hungarian capitalism does not want to be limited just to our lands. It wants to cross the border in to the Balkans, because that is the only direction possible for expansion.

    The newest political oppression in the south of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy it seems has the purpose to prepare the road and to make way for the capitalists to invade the Balkans. According to that, a struggle is necessary against the immediate absolutistic oppressors in the homeland, but at the same time an organized fight is necessary by all the outlawed and extorted against the perpetrators of all those evils, which are the consequences of the capitalistic order. Only by destruction of the capitalistic order, will it be possible to eliminate the abuses of one class by the other, as well the oppression of the weaker and more backward nations.

    7

    The meeting was closed by Dr. Biankini, by pointing out that for the struggle in the homeland, material help is needed. A collection was taken up for that purpose; $350 were collected. Where to send the money will be decided by a committee. The same committee will work out a resolution after two others which were submitted at the meeting.

    The big meeting held last Sunday at the National Hall in Chicago with the purpose of protest against the tyranny in Croatia, was characteristic in every way. The attendance was ...

    Croatian
    III H, II D 10, III G, I E, IV
  • Radnicka Straza -- July 30, 1913
    Knightly Deeds of Serbian Patriots

    Visiting Chicago these days is Vaclav Klofac, a Czech representative. Mr. Klofac was for a long time in the Balkans. He came to America to make himself better known among the Czechs of Chicago, telling about the glorious Balkan war.

    Last Sunday he came among the Serbians of Chicago's Northside, to give a talk at a meeting, where he was invited by the Serbian patriots.

    He related how he saw the war with his own eyes. How he was greeted and embraced by Serbian dignitaries; what heroes the Serbian officers are, and geniuses the Serbian generals. That minister Pasic outranks them all and how each Serbian should be proud of such a splendid statesman.

    Klofac spoke as a man who wants to flatter the audience and inflame national fanaticism.

    After Mr. Klofac finished his talk the platform was given to comrade V. Bornemissa, 2editor of Narodni Glas (People's Voice). Conrad Bornemissa declared that he is wondering how Mr. Klofac is able to glorify the fratricidal Balkan war, which the genial Pasic helped to start. The Balkan war is not for the benefit of the people.

    Pasic took advantage of the war to speculate on the bourse and fill his pockets. Klofac also omitted to tell how the minister of war, with his drunken subordinates, gave over Serbian soldiers to firing squads and how Serbian peasants were beaten up.

    When comrade Bornenissa started to prove his talk by reading from Belgrad newspapers, the president of the Serbian Sokol Popovich jumped up and pushed comrade Bornemissa from the platform.

    After that comrade M. Polovina mounted the rostrum. But before he was able to talk the Serbian "patriots" him with blackjacks. The same procedure was used on comrade [gap]. Both comrades received several injuries before they were thrown from the hall onto the sidewalk.

    3

    The Czech representative Klofac was sitting quietly with a smile on his face when the Serbian "patriots" perpetrated said atrocities.

    That is the way freedom of speech is respected at "patriotic" meetings.

    Visiting Chicago these days is Vaclav Klofac, a Czech representative. Mr. Klofac was for a long time in the Balkans. He came to America to make himself better known among ...

    Croatian
    I C, III H, I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- July 30, 1913
    "Knightly Deeds" of Serbian Patriots

    In Chicago these days Vaclav Klofac is making a visit; Klofac is an agent of the Czechs who has been for a long time in the Balkans. He has come to America now to get some publicity for himself among the Czechs of Chicago, telling about the "glorious" Balkan war.

    Last Sunday he visited the Serbians of the North Side to give a talk at a meeting to which he had been invited by the Serbian patriots.

    He told how he had seen the war with his own eyes--how he had been greeted and embraced by Serbian dignitaries, what "heroes" the Serbian officers are, what geniuses the Serbian generals; and he alleged that Minister Pasic surpasses them all, and that every Serbian ought to be proud of so splendid a stateman. Klofac spoke as a man, who wants to flatter the audience and inflame national fanaticism.

    2

    After Mr. Klofac had finished his talk, Comrade V. Bornemissa, editor of Narodni Glas (People's Voice), took the platform. Comrade B. declared that he wondered how Mr. Klofac was able to glorify the fratricidal Balkan war, which was promoted by the "genial" Pasic. The Balkan war, said he, is not for the benefit of the people. Pasic took the opportunity of the war to speculate on the bourse and fill his pockets. Neither did Klofac omit telling how the minister of war, with his drunken subordinates, turned over Serbian soldiers to firing squads, and how Serbian peasants were beaten.

    When Comrade Bornemissa began to prove his statements by reading from Belgrade newspapers, the president of the Serbian Sokol, Dusan Popovich, jumped up and pushed Comrade B. from the platform.

    After that Comrade M. Polovina mounted the rostrum. But before he was able to talk, the Serbian "patriots" hit him with blackjacks. The same procedure was used on Comrade B. Both comrades received several injuries before they were 3thrown from the hall on the sidewalk. The Czech delegate Klofac calmly remained seated with a smile on his face while the Serbian "patriots" perpetrated these atrocities.

    That is the way in which freedom of speech is respected at "patriotic" meetings.

    In Chicago these days Vaclav Klofac is making a visit; Klofac is an agent of the Czechs who has been for a long time in the Balkans. He has come ...

    Croatian
    I G, III H, I C
  • Radnicka Straza -- August 05, 1914
    Against Bloody War to Jugoslav Workers in America

    Brethren, Workers! The whole of Europe stands before a terrible crisis. The mobilization of the armies has excited all friends and enemies of mankind.

    Brethren, Workers! The Jugoslav Socialist Federation taking all in account and standing on the principles of international socialism directs to you the following appeal:

    1) No one of you must go to Europe as a soldier to help those in power, and become a victim of capitalism. Meet with contempt any call of Austrian or Serbian oppressors to go to war for them.

    2) Do not give one cent for war purposes. But send money to your brother workers, who will survive this bloody tragedy, and to their widows, old parents and children.

    2

    3) Call public meetings in all towns and settlements. Protest against Austrian diplomacy, against the Habsburg dynasty against the barbarism of a World's war.

    4) Try, in these times of trial, not to fill your heart with hatred toward other nationalities and your brethren, the workingmen in other countries. You must know that the working class over the whole world has only one enemy-that is capitalism. That is the class of the rich everywhere.

    Brethren, Workers! We want to call your attention to the important fact that in Europe beside the hellish power, which leads people to perdition, there is another mighty force which represents the united working class of all the countries; that force is social democracy, which is composed of conscious and enlightened workers of all countries and all nationalities. It does not acknowledge borders, hatred between nationalities and fights all oppression and slavery.

    Comrades and brother workers! It is your duty to protest, to join in your protest and struggle the International Socialists who are clamoring:

    3

    "Down with the tyrants! Down with capitalistic slavery! Down with chauvinistic and bloody wars!

    Long live international peace! Long live the brotherhood of nations!

    First of August 1914, Chicago, Illinois.

    Central Committee

    Jugoslav Socialist Federation

    Brethren, Workers! The whole of Europe stands before a terrible crisis. The mobilization of the armies has excited all friends and enemies of mankind. Brethren, Workers! The Jugoslav Socialist Federation ...

    Croatian
    I G, I E, III H
  • Radnicka Straza -- February 24, 1915
    Do Not Fall in a Patriotic Trap

    In Croatian and Serbian newspapers all over America announcements are made about the organization of a Croatian league.

    The sponsors, either persons or associations, declare as the purpose of the league the liberation of the Croatian people, the national autonomy, the union of Serbians and Croatians. All that without a clear definition or explation.

    Honorary committees are designated, badges issued and collection of money is ordered.

    Threats are issued to defame the national character of every person who will not heed this call or open his or her pocket.

    All proclamations are full of bombastic phrases, show ignorance of real conditions and are phantastic and imperfect. It is promised to the people that their demands will be taken before a peace conference of which nothing is known, 2when and where it will take place; about what it will deliberate, and with what possible consequences.

    The criminal laxity which builds air castles on such foundations is characteristic of these ridiculous actions which make a laughing stock of our honor and national name, and will have deplorable consequences if the misguided people join this theoretical league, where Austrian spies will note the names of those who will be more exposed through their actions.

    The Jugoslav Socialist Federation having in mind its international standing according to that the standard of liberty, independence and equality of all and each nation, does not forget its duties in the present serious times.

    For that reason we reject to play with national destiny and protest energetically against the exploitation of our working classes extracting money from the said classes.

    The central committee of the Jugoslav Socialist Federation reminds all its members and sane-thinking Jugoslavs not to help any action with their 3signatures when action is basically wrong and which will not bear any good results. On the contrary such action will only show our people's lack of maturity and seriousness.

    The central committee of the Jugoslav Socialist Federation in America appeals to our people to remain calm, because that is the main prerequisite for success. If future events in Europe show that there is any chance for liberty and democratic institutions, according to socialist standards, this committee will not remain inactive. We decided now to follow the developments and collect material which may be of use in the future.

    The committee considers this as its duty toward the Internationale, which may possibly need information in case it has to proclaim its claims for new conditions for peace and new state of affairs.

    The central committee of the Jugoslav Socialist Federation in fulfilling its duties protests against misuseof the national name for experiments which are harmful, regardless whether they have their source in ignorance, heedlessness or bad intentions.

    In Croatian and Serbian newspapers all over America announcements are made about the organization of a Croatian league. The sponsors, either persons or associations, declare as the purpose of the ...

    Croatian
    III H, I E, I C
  • Radnicka Straza -- March 03, 1915
    Liberty at Their Meetings

    Sunday, February 28th, the branch of the Croatian Unity "Matija Gubec" gave a public lecture entitled "Friends and Enemies of the Croatian People". The lecturer was Dr. Biankini. The lecturer requested all present to register as members of the branch, because it it sad - as he said - that in such a great Croatian settlement as Chicago, there are only twenty-five members.

    Of course anyone who registers as a member has to pay one dollar, otherwise he cannot become a soldier for the national cause.

    Ten munnutes were given to registration. Eleven registered. Then the lecture began. We bring just some excerpts from Dr. Biankini's lecture:

    "England went to war to defend international law and justice. If God grants it, Russia will occupy Constantinople. After the Allies are 2victorious all Slavic nations will be united and form a Federative Union."

    "Russia is," said Dr. Biankini, "in social matters more perfect than any one civilized state."

    "In Russia public opinion was for war. Conservatives and liberals united for the defense of little Serbia."

    "The war is now between Germanism and Slavism. If there ever was, now is the time to unite and to shout, that other nations may know what we want."

    The lecturer proceeded in this tone glorifying Russia and abusing Austria.

    Of course, nobody knows what is meant by "liberation by Russia" and "unification of all Slavic nations."

    It seems the imagination of some people penetrated into special worlds, 3which enables them to look upon Russia as a liberator.

    Russia is not willing to give freedom to anybody in her own lands how could she give it to others. In these dreams, just remember the Polish nation to see the "brotherly" love of Russia. Dr. Biankini accentuated that, at the meeting as the people may hear from every one of those present. But when Mr. Mijo Trcak wanted to tell his opinion, he was forbidden to talk because he is not a members that means he did not pay one dollar. At that meeting the right to speak cost a dollar. This method prevents anyone from contradicting those who pay a dollar. They are unanimous from the start.

    There was a commottion in the hall when Mr. Trcak was forbidden to speak.

    It seems that certain gentlemen fear freedom of speech, the more so when that furnishes the possibility that someone could be able to name and uncover the arch onemies of the Croatian nation.

    Sunday, February 28th, the branch of the Croatian Unity "Matija Gubec" gave a public lecture entitled "Friends and Enemies of the Croatian People". The lecturer was Dr. Biankini. The lecturer ...

    Croatian
    III H, I C, IV
  • Radnicka Straza -- March 17, 1915
    Basis for Jugoslavia

    The first Jugoslav congress opened its session Wednesday in the La Salle Hotel in Chicago, but the Croats call it "the Croatian congress," as an indication of solidarity.

    Croats from all over America were present with the intention of discussing ways and means. Some came with sincere wishes to help liberate the people from Austrian rule; others wanted the honor of being recognized in the new Jugoslavia, and in that way clear the road for some profitable position in the new state.

    Chicago's pseudo-patriots led the show. They called the congress, arranged the hall and the program according to their own liking. In the meantime they did not forget to define what constitutes liberty.

    The Chicago's lords evidently did not like the style of Radnicka Straza's writing and they took an opportunity for revenge by not allowing 2the Radnicka Straza's reporter to be present at the congress; some other reporters were forbidden, too.

    When Chicago's lords are so intolerant and allow no criticism nor free press, what would they do if they were in real power?

    Maybe their Slavonic blood would prove to be the same as their Slav brother, the Russian "savior"; then all free thinkers, especially Socialists, would finish in some sort of Siberia.

    Imagine the freedom in Jugoslavia with the Chicago lords as a police at the head of it. They would really put Franz Joseph to shame.

    The congress was opened with prayer; even those opposed to church and clergy prayed, maybe they thought that the church and priests will help them by keeping the people in darkness so that they can be better governed.

    After two days of fiery speeches, Dr. Potocnjak declared that this congress was not essential, and that it is not even necessary for this 3congress to approve Jugoslavia.

    Dr. Potocnjak said that England, France and Russia agreed to a plan by which Jugoslavia is created if Austria fails. This congress was called only to accept the idea of Jugoslavia and to create good feeling toward the new state.

    The committee of thirty-three persons - eleven of each national group - eleven Croats, eleven Serbs, and eleven Slovenes, was elected -- with what duty, nobody knows! Quite a few dollars more collected...

    The delegates contributed freely; some $200 and up, up to $1,000, but nobody seems to know what to do with the money. Russia and France don't need it; it seems that the Jugoslav committee in London will use it profitably.

    The first Jugoslav congress opened its session Wednesday in the La Salle Hotel in Chicago, but the Croats call it "the Croatian congress," as an indication of solidarity. Croats from ...

    Croatian
    III H, I C, II D 10