The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Radnicka Straza -- January 08, 1908
    Supplement to Radnicka Straza, Vol. 1. No. 2. January 8, 1908. By-Laws of the Croatian Workingmen's Educational and Political Union in America.

    Name, Range of Operation, Location of the Union.

    1. The name of the Union is: "Croatian Workingmen's Educational and Political Union of America.

    2. The range of Operation extends over all States of the United States of America.

    3. The Location of the Union is Chicago, Illinois. The Convention can shift the location to another city, in which there are at least 3000 Croatian Workingmen and in which did exist a Local Branch of the Union for at least one year, which acted according to the by-laws.

    Purpose and Aim of the Union.

    4. Purpose and aim of the Union are:

    2

    a.) to propagate knowledge and culture, to qualify Croatian Workingmen for the struggle for workingmen's rights and cultural progress.

    b.) to educate politically the Croatian workingman for the working class struggle, that he can, taking part in political contests, gain benefits for the benefit of working classes.

    c.) to act for the betterment of living conditions of the Croatian workingman.

    Name, Range of Operation, Location of the Union. 1. The name of the Union is: "Croatian Workingmen's Educational and Political Union of America. 2. The range of Operation extends over ...

    Croatian
    I E, III B 2, I F 3
  • Radnicka Straza -- January 08, 1908
    Our Progress in Chicago.

    [gap]

    <span class="gap">[gap]</span>

    Croatian
    I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- February 06, 1908
    Forward! Appeal Forward! Stand Up! Croatian Workingmen of Chicago!

    Lack of work is extending, devastating workers' ranks like a monster.

    The man eaters - the capitalists - threw out their slaves into the snow and cold. In Chicago only there are over 150,000 jobless worker slaves.

    The misery is becoming bigger every day. The distress worse. The last saved nickels escape through the fingers. Thousands of workers cannot pay rent. Many workers are without coal and wood. Many a workers wanders driven by hunger and cold, like a dog without a master.

    Is that true? O it is, it is! It is even worse. Thousands of workers suffer from want, impossible to describe. Is there no way out of this distress? Can we not alleviate that misery? Can we not stop this wretchedness from growing?

    2

    We can, we must. It has to be better.

    The Socialist Party of Chicago started a fight to abolish this evil. This fight must be supported by us Croatian workingmen.

    We too, with thousands of other workers have to exclaim and shout:

    Give us work! Give us bread! For that reason The Croatian Workingmen's meeting will be held Sunday, February the 9th, 1908 at 9 A.M. in the great hall of Fr. Mladic 587 Center Avenue for the benefit of unemployed workers.

    The Committee of the Croatian Workingmen's Union for Education and Politics.

    Lack of work is extending, devastating workers' ranks like a monster. The man eaters - the capitalists - threw out their slaves into the snow and cold. In Chicago only ...

    Croatian
    I D 2 c, I D 1 a, I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- March 05, 1908
    Slovenian Socialists of Chicago

    The Slovenian Socialists of Chicago will arrange an entertainment Saturday, March 14. Concert and dance at Frank Mladich's Hall. They want to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the death of Karl Marx, and the 37th anniversary of the Commune of Paris.

    The Slovenian Socialists of Chicago will arrange an entertainment Saturday, March 14. Concert and dance at Frank Mladich's Hall. They want to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the death of ...

    Croatian
    I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- July 10, 1908
    The Workingman's Fight for Right Is Coming Out Well

    Till now it was impossible to say that the fight of the American workers was in the right direction. There were many faults but the biggest, the unpardonable one, was the neglect to lead the fight on political ground, on which ground the working classes of Europe have made great successes.

    The American worker laid stress to fight through trade unions. Organized in trade unions the American working classes fought for better working conditions, better wages, shorter hours, etc. Strikes in many places were organized and by and by the conditions were improved. But what happened? In spite of many successes in the fight, the workers are in bad circumstances, the conditions are getting worse day by day. Working hours are lengthened, wages reduced. In one year more was lost than was gained in ten years. The unions are paralyzed. The cause for all that trouble is the method of the fight.

    In the trade unions' fight there was no backbone. There was nothing done to make the accomplished gains permanent. There was nothing done on a political ground. Politically there was neither fight nor success.

    2

    The American worker thought that he lived in a free country and did not watch nor see how enemies of the working people robbed them of freedom. While the American workers neglected an independent political action, the capitalistic class took and holds all the political power, more than in any other country. For that reason said class is oppressive and arrogant. For that reason the rights of the people in America are abridged. Just on account of its political power the capitalist class in America dominates everything. Any movement of workers is persecuted. Against the strikers they send the police and the army. The Supreme Court declared even a boycott illegal. All that shows the mistake that the working class made by not leading a political fight along with the trade union movement.

    But things changed recently. The working people see their way clear. They admit that along with the trade union movement there must be a fight for political rights. In all workingmen's circles they talk about an independent political action and the Socialist Party is growing rapidly.

    3

    The working class is convinced that it cannot trust the empty promises of the capitalists. It has to have its own politics. It must vote for workingmen's candidates, who in turn will take care of workingmen's needs.

    Till now it was impossible to say that the fight of the American workers was in the right direction. There were many faults but the biggest, the unpardonable one, was ...

    Croatian
    I E, I D 2 a 2, I F 3, I J
  • Radnicka Straza -- September 18, 1908
    Labor Day, 1908

    Twenty-two years are gone since the workers of this country first started to celebrate Labor Day. It was in 1885-86 when the movement started to introduce an eight-hour working day. In the beginning Labor Day was not celebrated as a legal holiday. The unionized workers simply decided for themselves that on the first Monday of September they will stop work, to show not only their will but also their power to do so, to enforce the eight-hour day.

    In the course of time many changes occurred. Labor Day is not what it was before. To appear friends of labor the capitalists made Labor Day a legal holiday and by that robbed the Day of his sharp demonstrations of parades. The befooled workers were led by the political capitalistic speculators and parties. The consequence of all this was that any workers' movement is persecuted, the courts and authorities suppress strikes and organizing of workers -- and call it a conspiracy because the political powers are misused.

    Twenty-two years are gone since the workers of this country first started to celebrate Labor Day. It was in 1885-86 when the movement started to introduce an eight-hour working day. ...

    Croatian
    I E, I J
  • Radnicka Straza -- October 02, 1908
    The Progress of Socialism in America

    Votes for the Socialist Party at the Presidential Elections grew from 1888 to 1904 as follows:

    Year Votes
    1888 2,068
    1892 21,571
    1896 36,564
    1900 96,961
    1904 408,230

    How many socialist votes will there be in 1908? Will there be ONE MILLION? It should be one million of votes. That would raise an alarm thru the world. One million votes of socialists would cause fear in the hearts of our oppressors in America. One million of workers' votes would force Congress and those in power to hasten the "unsolved workers' question," to bring and enact laws from which the people will benefit. One million votes will force the capitalists to be more human with their workers, because they will fear that after the first million will other millions follow at the next election.

    A million of socialist votes will prohibit obstructing of strikes with army and terror. A million of votes will awaken the other workers. Workers, be prepared. Propagate! Gather new comrades at the coming elections, give your vote to workers, to Candidates of the Socialist Party Debs and Hanford.

    Votes for the Socialist Party at the Presidential Elections grew from 1888 to 1904 as follows: <table> <tr> <td>Year</td> <td>Votes</td> </tr> <tr> <td>1888</td> <td>2,068</td> </tr> <tr> <td>1892</td> <td>21,571</td> </tr> <tr> ...

    Croatian
    I E, I F 4
  • Radnicka Straza -- October 16, 1908
    A Day of Glory for the Societies "Sloga," (Union) and" Sloboda", (Liberty).

    A great national celebration was the entertainment which was given by two societies, which belong to the Croatian workingmen's Educational and Political Association of America.

    That were:the Singing Society "Sloga" and string Orchestra "Sloboda."

    The entertainment given was a great success.

    The great hall was packed with working people from all over Chicago. There came also people from Milwaukee. Also a great number of local tradesmen and merchants. All of them anticipated a great time, and they certainly did have one.

    The main thing is that our people start to understand the movement of the Croatian Workingmen's Political and Educational Association.

    The moral and material success was great. The clear income was $110.00 which sums will be used for educational purposes entirely; to strengthen the singing and String Orchestra Chorus, and for a school for lliterates and the ordering of book and newspapers for a reading room.

    The artistic, or better, the educational and cultural side and influence of the production is hard to explain. The program, rich and beautiful, was put thru with the greatest precision. The visitors were elated. Many came to the conclusion that the socialist workers are bearers of culture and progress. The music of "Sloga" satisfied just as the singing of "Sloboda." Three other 2singing societies cooperated; the Slovenian "Orel," and "Slovan" as well as the German "Westseite Damenchor."

    From other nationalities there were: Slovenians, Serbians, Czechs and Slovaks. All of them were pleased.

    The high point of the entertainment was the theatrical performance "Kcerka Rada" (The Workers' Daughter). In the play was portrayed the avidity and dissipation of the capitalistic classes, the struggle, pain and sufferings of the working classes. Many were moved to tears.

    After the program followed a dance, which lasted till 3 A. M.

    In all, the complete program was a glorious triumph of the working class. During the productions there was order and quiet. Our Croatian Educational and Political Association justly can be proud of their singing society and string orchestra.

    A great national celebration was the entertainment which was given by two societies, which belong to the Croatian workingmen's Educational and Political Association of America. That were:the Singing Society "Sloga" ...

    Croatian
    II B 1 c 1, II B 1 a, I C, I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- November 13, 1908
    Valiant Move Forward

    The central committee decided to call a special meeting for Saturday, Oct. 31, to pass resolutions on two very important questions, that is, (1) Must the Radnicka Straza (Workingmen's Guard) become a weekly? (2) Is it necessary to have a print shop of our own?

    At the meeting were assembled all comrades from Chicago, which shows that the importance of the question is understood.

    Mr. Glumac-Jurisic gave a short report in the name of the central committee about the progress of our Socialist movement. An awakening goes through the country and the movement cannot be stopped. We need a well edited newspaper, for that reason the Radnicka Straza must become a weekly paper. After the report followed a short discussion. The vote was unanimous to publish a weekly, starting January 1st, as well as to own a print shop. The press is the wings of our labor movement and its mightiest weapon. The more readers we have, the more co-workers we have, the stronger is our fight.

    The central committee decided to call a special meeting for Saturday, Oct. 31, to pass resolutions on two very important questions, that is, (1) Must the Radnicka Straza (Workingmen's Guard) ...

    Croatian
    II B 2 d 1, I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- December 28, 1908
    Annual Meeting.

    The Croatian Workers' Educational and Political Union, will hold its annual meeting December 27, 1908 in the union hall 606 South Center Avenue.

    The meeting is for the purpose of electing the officers.

    The visitors are allowed to be present.

    The Croatian Workers' Educational and Political Union, will hold its annual meeting December 27, 1908 in the union hall 606 South Center Avenue. The meeting is for the purpose of ...

    Croatian
    I F 2, I E