The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Svornost -- September 16, 1884
    How the Americans Care for Chicago's Bohemians. We Are Infamous Heathens According to an American Missionary Society.

    EDITORIAL: There exists in our city an American missionary society. It published, not long ago, its first annual statement called, "First annual report of the Chicago City Missionary Society." This booklet has twenty pages with, at least, twenty infamous lies and calumnies about the Bohemians in Chicago. We do not like this kind of slander, and so much the less when it comes from the mouth of Ecclasiastical zealots, who boast that they are fighting evil with truth. We hope, anyhow, that the local public will be informed how our nationality has been unjustly offended, and what kind of crooked calumnies are spread among the religious masses about us. We must assert that their efforts are connected rather 2with the devil, than with God.

    On page 6 of this annual report, is given, by the superintendent of the missionary society, J. C. Armstrong, the first report on the Bohemians.

    "In the Lumbermen's Miesion, founded for workers of lumber-yards, a new field is opened for our society. This mission is located at the corner of 19th and Center Streets. In this district the religious services are held in French, German, Norwegian and English. One day in a week should be devoted to the Bohemians. A large number of Bohemians separated from the Catholic church have built in the neighborhood a beautiful infidel temple. This is the same spot where, in 1876, occured the revolt, and there have been, until now, elements there which played with dynamite. Those are the men, who are not afraid of God and do not care for the rights of other fellow human beings. It will be much cheaper, wiser and safer to go among them with the gospel, than to let them come to us with sword and fire. Our problem is to save them from eternal damnation, these desperate individuals who are connected with the vice of our city. This sacred mission is given to us, 3and what will be the answer to Him, who has sent us?"

    All that has been cited above is an infamous lie and malicious slander of the whole Bohemian community in this district and of the National Hall of the C.S.P.S. (Czechoslovak Benevolent Society), and of all the workingmen, who feed and fatten the churchmen. They lie when they say that the revolt of the workingmen, in 1877, started in National Hall and that National Hall is a seat of the so much feared dynamite throwers.

    It is further an absolute lie that Bohemians frequenting this hall, have no fear of God or consideration for their fellow human beings. All those societies, which have meetings in this hall, have the same mutual problems of encouraging fraternity amongst humans and of furnishing financial help to the needy. They are not, as the missionary report says, a bunch of desperados, connected with the city's worst element, whose sole purpose is crime. It is incredible how a superintendent of a 4missionary society is able to release such infamous lies from his devilish throat. His mouth anointed with sacred oils, Christ's blood and prayers, should be clean and veracious. How can he dare to bring the Gospel to these defamed and slandered Bohemian people, to preach his American morality with all this Pharisaism, thievery and knavery and to wish to convert them to his faith, a faith that has originated from the devil, himself.

    This superintendent's devilish mouth should not spread lies about his fellow-men, whom he does not know, and never has associated with. He believes only in spreading vile calumnies. He mixes christianity in his devilish saliva and believes that no one will know the difference. In this way he strives to poison our people and corrupt them to his level.

    The Chairman of the missionary society, Mr. C. F. Gates, a missionary himself, expresses a still worse opinion on the Bohemians living in this district. He writes on page 10, 5as follows: "You have heard about the committee organized by us for the purpose of establishing a McLeane Mission, called the "Lumbermen's Mission, at 683 Centre Ave. The committee's task was to find out the best ways to win for salvation the Bohemians, who are populating this district very densely. There is nothing done. We can see swarms of children running wild in the streets. We can see crowds of men leaving their dwellings and going to the meetings, to listen to the instigative speeches of the communistic and socialistic leaders. The only things that they learn at these meetings is to fight against God and the Church, against the law of possession, against the family's rules and social connections. When we consider, that their votes in the elections have the same worth as ours, we will understand the big value of our undertaking to penetrate those crowds with the light of the Holy Gospel.

    If we wish to be saved ourselves, we must try to save our children and in the name of our Master, under whose banner we are marching. We must walk through all 6the side streets of our city seeking for the lost ones, to save them with God's help.

    Brothers, why does God allow all those people from Bohemia, Italy, Germany, Holland, Norway, Denemark, England, Ireland, Holland, China and Japan to come independently, instead of delivering them straight into our hands so that we can show them the value and power of the Christian faith, as a developer of their body, morals and soul? It is a very expensive problem to send the missionaries to the remote countries, but when God is sending those pagans to our own door, we should seize the work in our own hands and we will not regret this at the day of judgment.

    As compensation for our missionary work we will have flocks of devoted men and women, who will go everywhere and distribute the bread of life and God's teaching. We need money for this purpose, we need money to change saloons into churches, and to decrease crime. If we had money to do this we would not need a big police force 7to keep order and we would save much money in this way.

    From these few words it is easy to see that the Chairman of the missionary society looks at the Bohemians of the 6th ward as heathens and abases them before the entire religious community. The whole prestige of the Bohemians being destroyed, the missionaries in their devilish hypocrisy will show their mercy and, collecting money from the rich Americans, will start to convert those uncultured, ignorant Bohemians from paganism. They would make out of us sly thieves and impostors, of the type that are always recruited from American clergymen. We read, almost every day in the newspapers, that they hang themselves, cut their throats, that some of them are put in jails, and some of them run away with their spoils to Canada, stolen money, collected through their people's faith in the Holy Gospel. Should the Bohemians be the same kind of pious Christians, should they deprive themselves of their honesty, good hearts, good name and model themselves after the American brothers.

    8

    You Pharisaic creatures come among these so called pagan Bohemians and they will teach you honesty, Christian love, toleration, humanity morality, temperance, and justice. You do not need to teach Bohemians these virtues, but rather you can learn these virtues from them, because all that you know now is the vices of crime, shame and infamy - even if you pray and stay in churches. We have recognized your infamy and this deterred us from attending your churches and services, which allow such thieves, impostors and libertines to be seen and honored as holy men; holy men that despise poor, honest workingmen; holy men, who, nevertheless, are willing to save these workingmen from paganism.

    You American Pharisees, who are hiding your vice and knavery in places that are meant for prayers, go among the Bohemians and learn how to pray simply but sincerely. If there was a country, which has had religion and may be too much of it, such a country was Bohemia, and starting with the middle ages Bohemia has been floded with religious teachings, religious practices, religious propaganda, and bloodshed for religion. The Bohemians have outgrown all that 9foolishness and they are not so low as to let themselves be the victims of your religion that attempts to implant devilishness into the hearts of our people. The Bohemians are outspoken. They will tell you all that they have in their hearts. Through the experience of many centuries the Bohemians have abandoned your type of religious practices, and even if you had whole regiments of missionaries sent into their midst these missionaries would not be able to change their human morals and doctrine of truth. These Bohemians would stand firm, like a wall that was once formed centuries ago by the Hussites, armed with clubs similar to those which were used to split the heads of the black monks, who came to Bohemia to preach hypocrisy, dishonesty and immorality, ready to do the same to these modern black monks of the missions.

    If these missionaries will come to the Bohemians to learn from them religion, morality and honesty, they will be welcome, but should they come with the intention to destroy the prosperity of our people, to insult us, to humiliate us unjustly, and then to rehabilitate us later, their enterprise would not pay at all.

    10

    I propose to the members of the missionary society, who intend to ensnare these ignorant Bohemians for the Methodist church on 19th Street that they explain and interpret to their representatives, how the Bohemians feel about it.

    They should enlighten their American representatives on how to talk with Bohemians. It is their duty to reprimand those Pharisaic slanders, and to revolk these wicked chairmen and superintendents of the mission, all of whom have thrown calumnies at us.

    In the future they should not write about the Bohemians, before they mingle with the Bohemians, and become acquainted with them. Further, they should never lie so unpardonably, and offend people that endeavor to build noble projects for the future.

    We are happy that Dr. Adam will visit Chicago in the near future. He knows 11us, loves us, protects us, and he will certainly take care, that all these slanders thrown on Bohemians by the religious fanatics be revoked and the good name of the Bohemians restored. The offended morality and feelings of the good and organized Bohemians in Chicago may instigate, unnecessarily, a justifiable revenge.

    The action of the Chicago Missionary Society, and of all those rascals who throw different calumnies on Bohemians in Chicago, is decidedly criminal in nature.

    EDITORIAL: There exists in our city an American missionary society. It published, not long ago, its first annual statement called, "First annual report of the Chicago City Missionary Society." This ...

    Bohemian
    I C, III C, I B 4, II D 6, II B 2 d 2
  • Svornost -- January 08, 1896
    [Directory of Freethinking Publications to Be Prepared]

    The Liberal Svojan Community in Chicago is editing a list of free-thinking publications of all nations to enlighten the American-Bohemians in the problems of supporting all free-thinking societies.

    This new publication is called "Svojan" and is published four times a year. Single copies are sold at twenty-five cents. Subscriptions should be made to the authorized agent of the Liberal Community, Mr. Al. Vanoricka, 150 West 12th Street.

    The Liberal Svojan Community in Chicago is editing a list of free-thinking publications of all nations to enlighten the American-Bohemians in the problems of supporting all free-thinking societies. This new ...

    Bohemian
    II B 2 d 2, III C
  • Svornost -- April 14, 1900
    To All Bohemians in Chicago (Editorial)

    There is probably in the United States not a single reader of free-thinking Bohemian newspapers who would not know that in the first days of this year there was created in Chicago a new organization for the followers of spiritual freedom, The name of it is "Straz Osvojenych", (The Guard of the Enlightened).

    As the name of the new organization shows, it is a representation of associated societies, which see the necessity of undertaking some steps to protect the Bohemian name against sectarian disgrace. Depending upon false statistics they have described us to the American public as a nation of low intelligence, contributing to rude pleasures and seeking the solution of all troubles in suicide. This organization is already functioning and was greeted by our enlightened countrymen very enthusiastically and thankfully. Many societies have already sent to the "Straz Osvojenych" their representatives, and those clubs which have not done so are asked to do so as soon as possible. Every free-thinking society, may it be educational, charitable or entertaining, can join the "Straz Oswojenych" and the ladies' societies are especially welcome, because an independent, educated and cultured woman is able to raise 2a strong, active and enlightened generation.

    The subcommittees, which of course have the biggest problems to solve, started their activity as an organization by the printing and educational part of our task. The most important thing is, that all the clubs of other Bohemian-American settlements join the "Straz Osvojenych", that they open new branches and keep in close contact with the original organization in Chicago. You, friends of spiritual freedom, worshipers of idealistic progress, you all, who hate hypocrisy, the religious violence and the depression of superstition, wake up! It is high time that the free-thinking Bohemians start their new life! It is not sufficient that we escaped from the authority of the priests and from the sovereignty of the church; we must educate ourselves and our youth; we must raise them in our principles and impress upon them that they never fall again into religious superstition; and make them carethat the liberal feelings among American Bohemians are not extinct in our generation of today.

    The "Straz Osvojenych" is an organization not only defensive, but educational also, and its activity in this direction is the main task. It will struggle continually to extend our free-thinking schools to support decent free-thinking journals, and to open new progressive liberal libraries and reading rooms for 3adults and children. These are the main problems and every educated countryman should agree on them. To be able to penetrate into the largest circles of our people the organization "Straz Osvojenych" will develop the greatest propaganda and system of lectures; - educational meetings will be arranged in different parts of our city that are populated with Bohemian Americans. All free-thinking Bohemians in Chicago do not hesitate to help us in this splendid work. Take your part in the agitation for an urgent and good idea among your clubs and lodges and make them send their representatives to our next meeting.

    There is probably in the United States not a single reader of free-thinking Bohemian newspapers who would not know that in the first days of this year there was created ...

    Bohemian
    II B 2 f, II B 2 d 2, II B 2 a, I A 3, III C, III A
  • Denní Hlasatel -- December 27, 1901
    Mis-Used Telegram.

    Narod (Nation) served itself badly, when it made use of Kubelik's telegram to the Society of Bohemian journalists, in a clumsy attack upon the Old Peoples Home. Not only the liberal-minded, but the Roman Catholics as well, consider the Old Peoples Home a humanitarian undertaking deserving the support of denomination. All aged, forsaken, Bohemians will be given refuge in the Home without any question being raised, as to whether they belonged to a Catholic or a liberal-minded society. Bohemian Catholics know this, therefore, they charge Narod with wrong doing, in not only refusing to support the Home, but in injuring it at every opportunity. With its remarks on the occasion of Kubelik's telegram to the Bohemian journalists, Narod not only injured the Home, but the Society of Bohemian Journalists as well. From these remarks one would have to judge, that the Society of Bohemian Journalists takes upon itself the right to invite Kubelik to decide for whom he shall play, and that it is opposed to the interests of the Home. However, this is not so. The Society, of Bohemian Journalists merely offered its services to Kubelik in case he should be in need 2of any information, and they, at no time, had any idea of arranging some sort of welcoming ceremony, or of advising the artist, for which Society he should play.

    The Society of Bohemian Journalists, together with all honorable Bohemians, supports the Home and will continue to give it support.

    Narod (Nation) served itself badly, when it made use of Kubelik's telegram to the Society of Bohemian journalists, in a clumsy attack upon the Old Peoples Home. Not only the ...

    Bohemian
    II B 2 d 2, II D 5, III C
  • Denní Hlasatel -- September 03, 1907
    Czech Paper on the Pillory

    Chicago has a new humoristic paper which is peculiar in that its true character has been discerned by the entire public save the publishers themselves. These believe their sheet to be an indispensable aid to the work of all serious papers who are "The most ardent," "most altruistic," and the ablest" protagonists of the right of the oppressed proletarian; all other people, meaning those who are still wasting their time in reading said publication, see in it a buffoon, trying to put on an appearance of seriousness, while executing somersaults of the most preposterous kind. In the long run nobody gets hurt, everbody enjoys a hearty laugh, only one thing cannot be forgiven to this journalistic Merry Andrew:

    That it attempted to pull down to its own level men of the caliber of a Massaryk and a Haywood. For this arrogance, it deserves, of course the sound lesson it has been given by the public. It is to be regretted, however, that the administering of the lesson has simultaneously hit an honored guest from Prague, who could not, naturally, have perceived in an instant the true character of the men who had seized upon him.

    Chicago has a new humoristic paper which is peculiar in that its true character has been discerned by the entire public save the publishers themselves. These believe their sheet to ...

    Bohemian
    II B 2 d 2, III H
  • Denní Hlasatel -- December 08, 1910
    New Years Gifts Granted for Welfare Purposes by the Delegates of the Bohemian National Cemetery Association Amounted to $2,575

    P.1, Col.5--The regular meeting which was held last night was brought to order by the chairman Mr. Pech. Mr. Halik, the secretary, then read the minutes of the previous meeting, which were accepted without correction. After the reading of bills against the organization, which were ordered paid, communications were read, from the Bohemian Liberal School Association of Irving Park which asks that it be remembered with a gift in order to lessen the expenditure on the building of a new school-building. In a further communication this organization expressed thanks for the gift of flowers. The National Slovak School Board also asks for a contribution for it's school. The Association of Delegates for the Saturday and Sunday schools requests that the Cemetery Association remember the schools with a gift.

    Vek Rozumu, a liberal-minded Bohemian monthly, announces it's organization and asks for a contribution. After communications had been read, newly elected delegates were inducted. Reports of committees were then heard Mr. Smejkal announced before the management committee, that the expense 2sheet was large owing to the installation of ditches and many other special jobs. Further he announced that the Recorders Office requests the recording of individual lots. As a result, new plans will have to be prepared, requiring the expenditure of about $300.

    Chairman Mr. Pech, reports from the meeting of the directors of their recommendation for a new year's gift of $2,000 to the schools and $500 to the Old Peoples Home. For other welfare purposes according to the decision of the delegates. According to these recommendations $2,000 was granted for the schools and $500 for the "Home." The Bohemian Charitable Association and the Central School Association were given $25 each. In the case of the school board of the Slovak Schools a like sum was granted.

    Receipts were $5,776.19, disbursements $5,748.32. The meeting then adjourned.

    P.1, Col.5--The regular meeting which was held last night was brought to order by the chairman Mr. Pech. Mr. Halik, the secretary, then read the minutes of the previous meeting, ...

    Bohemian
    III C, II B 2 d 2, II D 10, II B 2 f
  • Denní Hlasatel -- August 24, 1911
    Report of the Meeting of the United Czech Liberal Schools of Chicago Held on Sunday, August 20, 1911

    After the meeting was called to order by the president Mr. K. Kopecky and the minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved, a communication from the gymnastic society "Cechie" was read, in which the society applied for membership and chose as its delegate Mr. F. Metz. This gentleman, however, represents another body; therefore, he was notified to resign as delegate from one of the organizations because in accordance with the by-laws, a delegate can not represent two organizations at one time. An application for membership was received from "Vlasta" lodge No. 122 and this body chose as their representative Mrs. Marie Husak.

    2

    The Patronage of the Czesko-Americky Svobodomyslny Skoly (Bohemian-American Liberal [Freethought]School), on Eighteenth Street, elected Mr. Joseph Budil as its delegate. The Patronage of the school in Hanson Park and the Patronage of the "Jan Neruda" School requested the members to attend their picnics. The officers of the United Schools will attend as numerously as possible.

    The Patronage of the "Karel Havlicek" School recommended Miss Zdenka Koler as its teacher for the coming year. The matter was taken under consideration and because she has been teaching satisfactorily for a number of years, the request of that Patronage was granted.

    3

    Mrs. Kubalek tendered her resignation from her teaching position and the sub-committee will provide a new teacher to fill the position.

    Committee Reports: It was left to the Picnic Committee and Mrs. Hrych to make arrangements for the use of the Pilsen Park on some Saturday before the end of the school term.

    The School Committee reported that before the school year begins it will be necessary to secure a large number of second readers. The purchase of these books was approved. The committee nominated Mrs. Weiner as teacher at the Bunker Street School. Two remaining positions were advertised and applications received from nine persons. The best qualified of these were Mr. J. Rezabek, 4a former student at Prague University, who was nominated to teach on Saturday and Sunday in the Town of Lake School; the other was Mr. Bretislav Jonas, who studied at the Czech Technical School in Prague; he was selected to teach on Sunday mornings in the Irving Park School and Sunday afternoons at the Frant. Palacky School. Following this, the committee's report in regard to changes in the constitution was read, but because of insufficient time remaining and in order to consider the proposal thoroughly, the matter was postponed to a future day. A special meeting will be called for that purpose.

    A member of the Auditing Committee reported that it was impossible to examine 5the manager's books, because one member of the committee is sick and another has left the state permanently. Mr. Hofrieter was appointed to take the place of the latter member.

    For the good of the organization, the question of greater agitation in favor of the periodical Svobodna Skola (Free School) so that it might be more widely read in all circles of our people was discussed. To further the purpose it was proposed that a letter be sent to all liberal-minded [freethought] organizations urging them to order at least one subscription for each of their organizations and in that way arouse interest in reading in our social circles. In addition, each delegate will receive at the November meeting several copies for free distribution.

    Because the needs of our liberal schools and their management continue to 6increase, it is necessary to obtain the means for their upkeep, for that reason at the next meeting there will be a discussion about arranging some kind of celebration for the benefit of that purpose. If we are able to become inspired for Czech schools in the old country, where they are so indifferently dealt with by the unfriendly Austrian government, it does not mean that we should forget entirely the conditions, in which we live from day to day and which should not be unfamiliar to us.

    How much good could be accomplished for our children if our Czech Liberal Societies, in addition to the insignificant contribution, remembered at least once a year during the arrangement of some entertainment that there are hundreds and hundreds of Czech parents here who would be glad if their children could be 7educated in their mother tongue, in addition to English. Under existing conditions it is not strange that foreigners often know more about us than our own children.

    How much interest is being shown on all sides for Czech schools is best proven by the enrollment in the most recently opened school in Crawford, where more than one hundred children applied. There could be many more such schools among us if financial means permitted. The officers of our societies should remember that if they wish to maintain Czech societies for any length of time, it is necessary that love for parents and all things Czech, that is, toward Czech societies also, must be cultivated from earliest childhood and the best means of doing this are the Czech schools, because the parents themselves, as a result of the fierce struggle for existence, cannot give the children the proper attention.

    Bohuslav Linka,

    Correspondent.

    After the meeting was called to order by the president Mr. K. Kopecky and the minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved, a communication from the gymnastic society ...

    Bohemian
    II B 2 f, II B 2 d 2, III B 2, I B 3 b, I B 3 c, III C, I C
  • Denní Hlasatel -- September 24, 1911
    Competitions and Convention of the Fugner-Tyrs Gymnastic Group The Fugner-Tyrs Group Wants to Withdraw from the Czech Sokol Community and Publish its Own Journal

    The gymnastic competitions and the convention of the Fugner-Tyrs Gymnastic Group began yesterday in the park of the Pilsen Brewery at 26th Street and Albany Avenue.

    The contests among the gymnasts proceeded from 7 o'clock in the morning and were witnessed by many guests and delegates to the convention which however did not begin until late in the afternoon. Contests were held on all the apparatus, broad jump, high jump, running etc., and both the advanced and junior departments participated. Outside of Chicago the following societies were represented: Mladocech from Detroit; Gymnastic Society from Coal City and Palacky from Detroit.

    2

    Contestants participating in these competitions are: ....

    Sokol Dolezal, president of the Miroslav Tyrs Sokol Group, in the presence of the delegates brought the convention to order at about four o'clock in the afternoon with a suitable address. Mr. Joseph Cermak, for the National Sokol Union, thanked the convention for the invitation. Elections were then held and Sokol Dolezal was elected chairman of the convention; Sokol Mejda, vice chairman; Sokol Ditrt, secretary; Sokol Martinek, assistant secretary.....

    Sokol Treska, from Sokol Palacky of Detroit, introduced various motions for the amendment of the bylaws. It was resolved that local delegates should be allowed to represent only one out-of-town society.

    A motion was made that the Fuegner-Tyrs Group should withdraw from the Czech Sokol Community, because there are no advantages derived therefrom, indeed, all the resources of the Group are exhausted and its existence threatened.

    3

    Sokol Ditrt spoke against the motion, saying that it was not possible to expect much in such a short time and protesting against all such motions. The debate was participated in by other delegates.

    In the course of the debate concerning withdrawal from the Sokol Community, the journal Straz Sokola (Sokol Sentinel) was mentioned and the complaint registered that the journal costs too much. The question as to whether or not it would be more advantageous to return to the old system and again publish a journal for the Fuegner-Tyrs Group, because the Straz Sokola dedicates very little attention to the Group, was debated. A committee was then elected which is to investigate whether or not a separate journal should be published for the Groups.

    The convention was adjourned at six o'clock in the evening and will reconvene today.

    The gymnastic competitions and the convention of the Fugner-Tyrs Gymnastic Group began yesterday in the park of the Pilsen Brewery at 26th Street and Albany Avenue. The contests among the ...

    Bohemian
    III B 2, II B 2 d 2, II B 3
  • Denní Hlasatel -- November 01, 1911
    The Czech Free Thought Schools of Chicago

    In a special meeting of the Association of Czech Free Thought Schools of Chicago, held on October 25, the question dealt with was that of devising means to acquire the funds necessary for the maintenance and the improvement of the schools which come under the jurisdiction of the Association, and which are the only means of maintaining and expanding our Czech liberal element among the future generation.

    The support which the Association receives from societies and from the National Cemetery Association is insufficient to check the already rapid denationalization of our Bohemian youth [in Chicago]. We know that those of our youth who belong to societies of other nationalities almost outnumber those who adhere to our own organizations. This condition is the result of the indifference manifested by our leaders in the past toward our younger Bohemian generation.

    It is surely to be admired that our societies can boast of a fair amount of 2means. However, these societies would do much better to use this wealth [now] for their own benefit and for the benefit of their children. Of what use is it that this or that society can count its wealth in the hundreds of thousands when this wealth must sometime be passed on to the members' children, who not only do not sympathize with their parents but often scorn them, as we have witnessed.

    The only method of gradual emancipation from these wretched conditions is that the societies and individuals shall contribute a larger amount for the Czech Free Thought schools; for the schools can save many of the Czech youth for our people and for our societies.

    The contributions which the Association has thus far been receiving are not sufficient for the needs of all the Czech Free Thought schools, and for that reason the delegates to the Association have decided to increase next year's quarterly 3assessments from three cents to five cents.

    A special committee was elected which will make up an accurate report of all the expenses of the Association from its very beginning, so that the various societies may know that their money is really carefully managed. A report of the Association's activities will also be made up and sent to all contributing societies.

    There is no member of any [Czech] society who will object to increasing the assessments for the schools after he has examined this report, for that which the Association is doing is for the benefit of our children, and for that reason all individuals should be interested and contribute to this undertaking at every opportunity.

    The committee will also send letters to Czech business and industrial corporations requesting them to remember the Czech schools of Chicago with contributions.

    4

    Whoever reads the reports of the European Czech newspapers, which publish every week the contributions deposited with them for the Central Scholastic Association, will discover that contributions for this noble purpose are made not only by wealthy individuals and corporations but also by the poorest people, by those who live on the wages of their daily toil.

    How painful it is to compare the contributions tendered to this institution with those offered to our School Association in Chicago, where more than a hundred thousand Czechs have their residence! We who live here recognize the need of the Central Scholastic Association of Bohemia, which has for the last ten years performed a very useful service in the cultural upbuilding of the Czech nation; however, we are deaf and blind to our own need, to the necessity of providing Czech schools for our own children, with whom we come into daily contact, and whom we expect one day to be the sole means of preserving our mother tongue, the Czech language, in this land of freedom. It would be a 5meritorious act on the part of those people who have the press at their disposal, and who use it to criticize Czech-American education, if they would take hold and initiate a movement to strengthen the financial resources of our Bohemian-American schools.

    If enough money is available, improvements can easily be made, such as providing better quarters and employing better teachers, teachers who would occupy themselves exclusively with the training and teaching of children, as teachers could afford to do if daily afternoon classes could be maintained.

    If our Czech societies and individuals are really sincere about our language, they will see to it that financial means are not lacking, so that our schools may be, as they are elsewhere, the educators of the next generation.

    For the education and the safeguarding of our youth against rapid denationalization it is necessary that besides the instruction imparted in school, an effort 6shall be put forth in the home. Parents should teach their children to speak Czech in addition to English. In order that the Czech child may read the Czech language outside school, the Association, from the beginning of its existence, has published a children's paper called Svobodna Skola (Liberal School), which will be enlarged after this coming New Year's Day to care for the needs of older persons. This journal will be a kind of central organ of Czech education in America. The administration and the editing of the paper will be in the care of a special publicity committee.

    If in this way we create a paper which is interesting and educational not only for little children but for the more advanced youth as well, and if the parents and the leaders in our societies will work hand in hand with the Association and its teachers in all school matters, then the loss of our young people will quickly cease, and the lamentations so often heard will cease also.

    Bohuslav Linka,

    Correspondent.

    In a special meeting of the Association of Czech Free Thought Schools of Chicago, held on October 25, the question dealt with was that of devising means to acquire the ...

    Bohemian
    II B 2 f, II B 2 d 2, III C, III A
  • Denní Hlasatel -- February 02, 1912
    Report of the Meeting of the Sdruzeni Ceskych Svobodomyslnych Skol v Chicagu on January 21, 1912

    The meeting was called to order by the president, Mr. K. Kopecký. The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. Societies which are members of the Sdružení Ceských Svobodomýslnych Skol v Chicagu (Federation of Czech Free Thought Schools in Chicago) announced the names of their representatives for the year 1912.

    The Sdružení Ceských Svobodomýslnych Skol v Chicagu is being joined by a new organization, the Kruh Dobrovolnych Prispivatelu Svobodomsyslných Skol v Chicagu (Circle of Voluntary Contributors to the Free Thought Schools in Chicago).

    Mrs. F. Stanek-Bujarek turned over to the financial secretary $28.50, which 2was the amount of the first contribution. At the same time she mentioned that the list of members and the amounts of the contributions received is available for inspection by the members. The idea of creating such an organization was first advanced by an earnest and unselfish worker for free thought schools, Mr. Svoboda. There are many, many of our countrymen in Chicago, who live in prosperity, and whom it would not hurt if they voluntarily contributed a sum toward the maintenance of the free thought schools. All that is necessary is for some one to call on them and to ask them to contribute. Mrs. F. Stanek-Bujarek convinced herself of the willingness of our countrymen to contribute to this cause. A true freethinker is not he who profits from free thought, not he who constantly speaks about it, but he who without claiming any reward, works and voluntarily reaches down into his pocket and gives. Mr. F. Benes turned in five dollars for the benefit of the free thought schools. This sum was contributed by the Tabdrity (Taborites) in honor 3of the memory of Mr. E. Pajer, a former member, who died recently in Cleveland. This is an example worthy of imitation.

    In Town of Lake, the Saturday and Sunday morning school will be tried out for another month. The sub-committee's report was accepted. The meeting proceeded to the election of officers. All officers were unanimously re-elected with the exception of those who did not accept the nomination or of representatives who had withdrawn. A debate developed in regard to the improvement and expansion of the journal. Svobodna Skola (Free School). Each quarter in the year, this journal shows a considerable loss, although Mr. Jirak, its energetic manager does everything possible to extend its circulation. It was decided to widen the scope of the journal to meet the needs of mature readers. A special press committee was elected to work out a plan for the expansion and management of the journal. Because of the late hour, the meeting was adjourned until January 27, at 8 P. M......

    4

    January 27, Continuation of Previous Meeting

    The report of the Committee on Education was accepted. It was decided to purchase maps of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia. A distinguished friend of free thought education, Mr. Voborsky, donated many fine books to the schools.

    A motion was made that Mr. Voborsky be given a vote of thanks.....

    The secretary and financial secretary are paid the sum of $25 per year for their services, and a motion was made that the secretary of the subcommittee, Mr. V. Kyml, who has even more duties, be paid for his services. Mr. Kyml objected, saying that he does not want any compensation for his services and that he will continue to work for the good of the schools to the best of his ability.....

    Receipts for the past quarter were $3,039.52; disbursements, $1,919.21; 5balance on hand in the treasury $3,004.04. The meeting was adjourned.

    (Mrs.) F. Stanek-Bujarek.

    The meeting was called to order by the president, Mr. K. Kopecký. The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. Societies which are members of the Sdružení Ceských ...

    Bohemian
    II B 2 f, II B 2 d 2, III C