The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Svornost -- September 09, 1878
    "Fourth Anniversary of Svornost"

    In the name of education and enlightenment for Chicago Bohemians we start the fourth volume of the daily newspaper "Svornost."

    On this day Chicago Bohemians should be thankful that it was possible to found and maintain a daily publication without feat of possible damage or injury; Bohemians in Europe even though they are nearer to the native land than we have not been able to do so. In Vienna, where live as many Bohemians as in almost all of America and where a daily paper is a national necessity, where they are surrounded only by the German elements to which they are accustomed since childhood, where it is not necessary for them to hide their nationality as here, they have been unable to maintain a fairweekly, let alone a daily publication.

    From a nationalistic viewpoint it is painful to note the decline and denationalization going on. In comparison here in far Western America, in a city where live scarcely 25,000 Bohemians, and these mostly of the kind who were not accustomed to reading daily newspapers, occurred the undertaking of a Daily-paper and it is 2worthily prospering. This newspaper was founded because of a pure love of Bohemian National Culture and for its elevation. Every Chicago citizen knows well, the kind of offering the publisher had to bring in the beginning, that the publisher has plenty to do to meet his obligations to the employees of the paper and at the same time take care of credit obligations from the first year of publication.

    For the past three years "Svornost" has served unselfishly in the interests of the Bohemians in Chicago and in America. They have been trying years. Because of conditions in general, we could not depend too much on support among our local countrymen, who in the majority are laborers of limited means and who must of necessity count every penny laid out for things other than food. We know many would gladly read our paper, but as they can just barely provide the absolute necessities of life, and being unable to find in their neighborhood one with whom they might jointly subscribe for the paper, they must do without. Even so we hope that the number of subscribers will continue to grow until we will be able to bring to our 3readers a better and larger paper than heretofore. The enlargement and improvement of our papers is our chief concern, but all must realize that this depends largely on the prepayment of subscriptions so that we may have an incentive to further effort. In the political field "Svornost" will remain as in the past independent. Our conception of political dependence is nothing other than slavery for pay.

    Svornost for the entire three years of its existence can not be rightfully accused of accepting payment to serve any political party. We will praise and support that which we think is good, generous, or useful, regardless of which party presents it. Beyond that we can only publish the platforms of the various parties so that the electorate may make its own choice.

    The main objective of this paper shall be to up-build our nationalism, to elevate and help build up our culture. Thus we dedicate the new volume of Svornost to all of our past and future patrons, readers and friends and we promise them they may depend on it, that they will always find it ready, unselfish and ardently, to support everything good, generous, and progressive in the National, Public and Social fields.

    In the name of education and enlightenment for Chicago Bohemians we start the fourth volume of the daily newspaper "Svornost." On this day Chicago Bohemians should be thankful that it ...

    II B 2 d 1, III A
  • Svornost -- October 08, 1879
    Svornost's 5th Volume

    Today we begin the fifth volume in the existence of Svornost, the first Bohemian daily newspaper in America which Chicago Bohemians received from its humble beginning with friendliness and pleasure and thereafter each year, under all circumstances, friendly or unfriendly, the same confidence and friendship was extended, acknowledging its sincere efforts, the sacrifice and work, dedicated through patience and self sacrifice in behalf of its principles and widening its favor from year to year.

    In order to bring it up to the high degree of success upon which it stands to-day there worked in behalf of this newspaper besides the Editor and Publisher, our national lodges and many individuals. We believe that this is not the highest degree that a newspaper may achieve among Chicago Bohemians for we can see where there are still many imperfections; but this much we can say to Chicago Bohemians, that is, that we have managed to build up a newspaper which can represent our nationality in a dignified manner, in our struggle for life and happiness, before other nationalities here.


    Though many difficulties were encountered in the beginning, no one can say that this newspaper stooped, to shameful profiteering in politics, to dishonorable methods in its business affairs, to reactionism, whereby it could have widened its circle among less progressive citizens; but everyone knows that the principles as represented and defended by it have always been those of the most progressive citizens.

    Let it be said in all honor to Chicago Bohemians, that throughout the entire four years of existence of this newspaper they have proven themselves to be wide awake, cultured and fond of progress; because without those countrymen readers of ours it would be impossible to publish a newspaper, much less to have it prosper and grow. Therefore it is not strength alone that plows the fields and sows the seed, but that which utilizes it and gives life and growth which is deserving of acknowledgement and thanks.

    With our fellow-workers in the national field, with the rest of the newspapers "Svornost" remains on relatively friendly terms. The majority of the Bohemian Newspapers are convinced that Chicago has a real need for a Bohemian daily paper, and that it is not detrimental in any manner to them when all efforts are made to assure the prosperity of this paper but on the contrary that it is beneficial 3to all, especially to our national life and to local culture. Svornost, cheerfully accepts the occasionally deserved criticism for some error, which it is said may befall any honorable man seven times daily, and when requested in a dignified manner for an explanation of its viewpoint has not failed at any time to comply.

    We have a firm belief that so long as Svornost continues to progress as heretofore without seeking to advance its own self interests, but supporting and expanding the interests not only of our nationality in America but the interests of citizenship,of social improvement and welfare of local Bohemians, it has a clean existence before itself.

    We sincerely hope that our honorable readers will stand behind us in this battle and work of ours for a long time and that they will never urge us to step backward from hard earned gains, but that they will with their friendship and with joy in their duty support this newspaper which is dedicated to their service and to the honor and success of Bohemian Nationals in Chicago and in all America.

    Today we begin the fifth volume in the existence of Svornost, the first Bohemian daily newspaper in America which Chicago Bohemians received from its humble beginning with friendliness and pleasure ...

    II B 2 d 1
  • Svornost -- November 20, 1879
    [G. B. Rial Goes to Racine]

    Mr. G. B. Reisl, formerly City Editor of "Svornost"( Harmony) is leaving for Racine, Wisconsin today. Mr. Reisl, is to take over the Editorial of the newspaper "Slavie."

    We wish our former associate the greatest of success in his new field.

    Mr. G. B. Reisl, formerly City Editor of "Svornost"( Harmony) is leaving for Racine, Wisconsin today. Mr. Reisl, is to take over the Editorial of the newspaper "Slavie." We wish ...

    IV, II B 2 d 1
  • Svornost -- June 28, 1880
    "C.S.P.S." Convention. Sixth Day.

    There was nothing of much interest to the public during the morning session. After a short recess, pay of the secretaries was fixed at $150.00. There came the election of a Chairman of the National Grand Lodge. The following brothers were candidates for the office: Svojse, Bunata, and Jurka. The result on the third ballot was Svojse-29; Bunata-15.

    The results of the election of Treasurer were Klobassa-33; Vuch-10.

    Milwaukee was decided on as the next Convention site on the third ballot with the vote as follows: for Wisconsin 34 votes, for New York, 27.

    Therefore the next convention will be held in Milwaukee three years hence. Bro. A. Novak thanked the delegates in a short address in behalf of the Wisconsin Lodges.

    The afternoon session came to order at 1:20 P.M. and debate was started in reference to the designation of an official Organ. Bro. Popelik moves in favor of the "Dennice Novoveku" (Modern Morning star); Bro. Rosicky moves 2that a special publication be organized and spoke at length in behalf of his motion. Bros. Zbornik, Kohn, Rychlik, Vytlacil, Sprosty, Sestak, Vojtisek and Jandus all spoke warmly in favor of the Morning Star, which was accepted unanimously. Therefore the Morning Star is the official organ of the "C.S.P.S." for the ensuing three years. The manager Bro. Snajdr thanked the convention and the proceedings advanced to the receiving of committee reports.

    1st committee: report on the duties of both Secretaries was accepted with a slight addition by Br. Novak.

    2nd Committee: Bohemian associations and lodges in existence prior to this convention, having in their midst members over 45 years of age, will be admitted to membership in this organization under the following regulations:

    (a) Members who have not passed fifty years in age and who were accepted before they were 45 years old into their respective lodges will receive full benefits as allowed by the union of the C.S.P.S.


    (b) Those members between 50 and 55 years of age who have been members for at least five years will be entitled to only one-half benefit in the event of death, but they are required to pay full assessments.

    (c) Members, over 55 years of age do not received any benefits whatever nor are they required to pay death-benefit assessments.

    (d) Members, who joined our organization, in accordance with previous regulations, since our last convention, and who have not yet passed 50 years in age are entitled to full benefits. Members between 50 and 55 years are entitled only to half benefits.

    (e) Members accepted in accordance with these resolutions are not entitled to such benefits as this organization pays to a deceased member's widow, even though they pay the required assessments. In order to avoid any confusion in this matter, such members should be required to sign a proper renunciation of these benefits.


    3rd Committee: (Degrees) Resolved on 3 degrees, and referred to the National Grand Lodge Committee to work out details.

    Individual delegates began to seek permission to leave for home.

    The convention was brought to a close with a motion that the delegates meet informally. There was about a half hours speechmaking after which the members dispersed to meet again to ratify the minutes of the last days session on Sunday at 10:00 A.M..

    In Sunday's meeting the minutes were accepted with a few minor corrections and the convention adjourned sine die.

    There was nothing of much interest to the public during the morning session. After a short recess, pay of the secretaries was fixed at $150.00. There came the election of ...

    II D 1, II B 2 d 1
  • Svornost -- July 18, 1881
    From the Public Library

    We have before us the ninth annual report of the Librarian of the Chicago Public Library, William F. Poole, the report is of extraordinary interest to us Bohemians. It is shown in the report that among the directors is a countryman of ours, Mr. L.W. Kadlec, his term of office expires in 1883. To Mr. Kadlec was given the supervision of the finance committee.

    In addition there are employed under the supervision of the Librarians, Mr. W.A. Purer and Mr. L. Meilbek. Mr. F. Novy is employed as night attendant. We have in the Public Library service four Bohemians. In the reading room the following Bohemian Newspapers can be obtained: "Svornost," daily, "Delnicke Listy", daily, "Dennice Novoveku", "Slavie", "Diblik" and "Volnost," all of which are donated. The Library now has 939 volumes of Bohemian books which is an increase of 838 volumes over previous years, however, this number of volumes will be doubled as soon as possible.

    For any success that we Bohemians were able to realize in the Public Library during the past year, thanks should be given primarily to Mr. Kadlec, for his energetic action and intelligence. No one can deny him this, not even his enemies, if he has any.

    We have before us the ninth annual report of the Librarian of the Chicago Public Library, William F. Poole, the report is of extraordinary interest to us Bohemians. It is ...

    II B 2 a, II B 2 d 1, IV
  • Svornost -- October 08, 1881
    Svornost Begins Volume Seven

    Six years have gone by since Svornost modestly began it's pilgrimage among countrymen in Chicago and throughout America. There have been found in its path, many times apparently unsurmountable obstacles, but these were overcome patiently often through great and painful want.

    Every reader knows, that it is constantly advancing and serving honorably, sincerely, and as quickly as possible, day by day, bringing all the news, which often, even the larger German papers, are unable to give, conscientiously and faithfully endeavors to fulfill all requirements which can be expected of it.

    The need for this Bohemian Daily for Chicago has been proven beyond a doubt. Especially during this past year, every reader valued the daily paper, when the entire nation, and our countrymen, were impatiently waiting and anxious about the wounded and dying President and wanted to know every day how the national martyr was progressing. How can one wait, especially in a City, until the weekly papers bring news that is from eight to ten days old; before they arrive the main daily happening is forgotten and ten new items are 2interesting the public and it is necessary to bring this information to those who may not be able to read the English papers; if they are able to read the German papers, they have been forced to discontinue it for these have so often proven themselves unfriendly toward Bohemians. The latter would be humiliated to have to read that some new blame has been cast undeservedly upon them.

    In Bohemian business circles of Chicago Svornost serves effectively and proves to be a necessary medium of contact.

    With the same energy, loyalty, and conscientiousness of service to the Bohemian nationals in America and of Chicago especially, for all interests of Bohemians and their needs, Svornost will continue to endeavor to be deserving of favor and confidence of all in ever growing volume, so that it may be said that it serves all that is useful for the majority of Bohemians, and advantageous for their material and spiritual happiness.

    Success to Volume Seven.

    Six years have gone by since Svornost modestly began it's pilgrimage among countrymen in Chicago and throughout America. There have been found in its path, many times apparently unsurmountable obstacles, ...

    II B 2 d 1, I C
  • Svornost -- July 04, 1883
    National Holiday. (Editorial)

    Today is the Fourth of July and the American people celebrate the anniversary of the Foundation and Proclamation of Independence. The experts in the history of the United States have determined which day was the most important in American history, and should be celebrated in the most fervent way. We Bohemians have nothing to do with the arrangement of the celebration, but we will stick to the sentiment of the whole American nation and will celebrate with them.


    In the same way as the churches call their followers, on church holidays to their temples with the idea of inducing them to take care of church matters, in the same way this free and democratic country calls its citizens, on this festive day, to celebrate and to reflect on the problems most important to its citizens. Moderate discipline, moderate excitement, will harm nobody.

    We Bohemians, being citizens of this free country, have very much neglected our education. All people, who came to this country soon after the Civil War, have constantly met with memories of the war and have heard every year, repeated tales about the two hostile parties, their fights, bloodshed and courageous deeds. They were repeatedly warned, that the 3same conditions can return again, because one political party, the Democratic, is watching for the moment when the other party, the Republican, will shut their vigilant eye, and then they will rise, unite with the Democrats of the South and establish slavery again, they will then separate themselves from the Union and start some kind of empire.

    The new Bohemian citizens were compelled to listen, all the time, to this kind of prating and to read in their newspapers the same thing. No wonder they believed in all of this as certain truth, the experienced politicians who published it had much practice in political sagacity.


    This kind of bug-bearing originated in crazed brains and rammed into the thoughts of the Bohemians. Everyone who had intentions of becoming an American patriot was obliged to believe in it, and he who ridiculed it was called a traitor to the government and to the people, a slave-dealer who favored slavery.

    It is no wonder, that the new Bohemian immigrants were afraid to accept the great privilege of becoming American citizens. They refused to take first citizens papers, they despised citizenship.

    They were scared, that when the big war would start, which was constantly probable in their minds, they would be compelled to serve in the Army 5and would suffer worse hardships than under the military Austrian scourge. Single or married, with or without children, they would all go into the army-service. That is why they did not want to listen to citizenship talk and, rather, reported from time to time to the Austrian Consul to be protected from this supposed future war.

    The result was that many years after the Civil War, when the Bohemian immigration increased to such a degree, that in some settlements they could be decisive in the elections, there was only a small number of Bohemian citizens who were eligible as voters and they were not able to achieve anything.


    Those times have gone. The foolish heads were forced to withdraw from public life, because a more clarified conception started to invade the frightened Bohemian communities.

    The Bohemians in the cities and villages started to recognize that they were detoured from the right way. They realized that they had been unduly scared and cheated, and that they had suffered great damage. They started to comprehend what was to their advantage. They applied for citizenship papers. They started to make use of their citizenship rights, in many instances very successfully. It was impossible to make good all at once. However, the activity of the Bohemians in public life, in all the states, where they have large communities, in the last few years has been very progressive and hopeful.


    Liberty can not exist in a country, where the government is not in the hands of the people. It means that when single citizens have not liberty, they are not in a position to partake equally in governmental affairs.

    We must observe with pleasure the social life of our Bohemian people in this country, our new fatherland, and our power should be used principally for this country's benefit and for the progress of ourselves and our children. We must admire the eager work of our numerous Bohemian newspapers and contribute to their growth.

    We must see how honest, independent and incorruptible they are. We must keep a vigilant eye on these virtues since they are generally very neglected in the publications of other nationalities.


    In larger communities it often happens that before important elections some benefactor of the Bohemian people appears who buys votes for certain office-chasers. Our Bohemian citizens know very well such miserable creatures and are no longer paying attention to them.

    Bohemians in public offices, such as county and state, is no longer a rarity, and proves the enlightenment of Bohemian voters and the ardor, which they are willing to throw in their political obligations.

    The Bohemians are using much time and diligence for pre-election and election activities and they are really happy when Bohemian candidates are elected, and never show their jealousy towards elected countrymen.


    It is a common event for Bohemians to appoint as candidates their most capable and trustworthy countrymen, who are supported even by the voters of other nationalities. This support is not on the basis of common nationality, but on the basis of capability and good reputation.

    Political independence between our Bohemians has been developed lately to a very high point; there is now only an insignificant minority, that is able to hesitate in their belonging to the one or the other party, or in obeying blindly the orders of political bosses, who carry on without principle. Even though all these revelations are very consoling, we should be aware that there is much work left still to be accomplished.


    Let us continue our work, let us be civilized in our civil duties, let us proceed collectively and protect our rights, and we will succeed in providing more and more freedom for ourselves and for our children, and a complete acknowledgement to the American government and its population.

    Today is the Fourth of July and the American people celebrate the anniversary of the Foundation and Proclamation of Independence. The experts in the history of the United States have ...

    III B 3 a, II B 2 d 1, III B 1, III A, III H, I F 4, I C, I G, I J
  • Svornost -- May 27, 1884
    An American about the Bohemians in Chicago

    Not long ago the Rev. E. A. Adams lectured here in the Palmer House, before the Missionary Society, on the subject "Our Bohemian Citizens."

    Before we will start to interpret this very interesting lecture we wish everybody to know that the Rev. Adams, an American lived ten years in Praha (Bohemia, Europe), that he speaks Bohemian and is very well acquainted with all peculiarities of our nation.

    Three to four hundred ladies and gentlemen listened to the lecture which he gave with intense interest.

    Rev. Adams said, "Until 1870 there was in the United States census not a single item regarding Bohemians. Although 4,289 people born in Bohemia 2were living here. In 1880 this number grew to 85,361, which proves that every year 8,107 people born in Bohemia have emigrated to America.

    The census of 1880 showed that there were 11,887 Bohemian immigrants in Chicago. This number was a little less than one-seventh of the total Bohemian population in this country. If we should add the number of American born Bohemians to the number that had immigrated from the old country, we would find in Chicago not less than 31,000 Bohemians, and maybe 40,000. The last number is the correct one.

    The research of Mr. Blatchford, and our own experience, shows with very few exceptions not worth mentioning that the Bohemians are living within the city limits in four different districts, or colonies.


    One of the two smaller colonies is concentrated on 25th Street and Portland Avenue, the other one around Milwaukee Avenue and Noble Street. As a rule, the Bohemians are mixed among other nationalities and sometime it is a very hard problem to contact them. Their smallest Catholic church is situated on the corner of 25th Street and Portland Avenue. The other two districts, populated by about three fourths of all Bohemians here in Chicago, are more isolated. The smaller district of the two is situated in the region of Bunker and DeKoven streets, between 12th and Taylor streets, extending from Halsted Street to the river. A really large Catholic church of this district is located on DeKoven Street at Desplaines Street. The Bohemians are scattered on Canal Street as far as Canalport Avenue, which links this small colony with the largest one. This section looks like a real Bohemian 4town. It is bordered on the east by Fisk and Morgan streets, on the north by 16th Street, on the south by the river. On the West Side the Bohemians are mixed with other nationalities as far as Western Avenue. Their main buildings are in this neighborhood. The largest Catholic church is on 18th and Allport streets, the large hall of the Secret Societies is on 18th Street, one block from Centre Avenue and right now they have started to build a large Bohemian theater at the corner of 18th Street and Center Avenue. A person who is acquainted with Bohemian in Europe, when walking around in this district, feels he is in a regular Bohemian town. It is really like a foreign city.

    In newspaper advertisements and in general they call this part of the city Plzen (Pilsen). It is so strange that it could be taken for a town on the 5other side of the Atlantic Ocean. At least 20,000 Bohemians are dwelling in this district and about 10,000 in the district of DeKoven Street. Thus we have in this community of a mile radius 30,000 Bohemians.

    The three Catholic churches which we mentioned represent the faith of our 40,000 Bohemians. Six or eight years ago there were few Protestants among the Bohemians. The percentage of Protestants among the Bohemians is very insignificant.

    Although the three Catholic churches mentioned above are large enough to accommodate 2,500 people, I was informed from a very creditable source that half and maybe two thirds of the local Bohemians are not active members of those churches. I later met two persons who were speaking with entire respect of the Roman-Catholic church and stated that they came to this country as good and faithful Roman-Catholics.


    However, the more intelligent Bohemians start soon to be dissatisfied with the teachings of the Roman-Catholic Church and seem convinced that this doctrine is not right. They accuse the preachers of being hypocrites. The main cause of this apostasy is the belief that the idea of liberal thinking is a kind of style that one should adhere to regardless of its consequences. We do not suppose that these intellectual Bohemians, coming here, make as good Catholics as the Irish, and we don't think that the majority have mentally grown up to the point of being able to believe in God, or the immortality of the soul.

    The strangest society is the Bohemian-Slovenian Benevolent Society (Cesko-Slovanske Podporujici Spolky). I have seen their statutes and have found nothing indecent in them. It is a society whose aim is mutual help and assistance. Morals and obedience to the law are the main duties of the members. The members state themselves that they are not for or against the church, but they are against all forms of worship. They are familiar 7with the Catholic religion only, and are against that because of different secret lodges sustained by the church.

    Another achievement of the Bohemians in Chicago is their national cemetery. This idea originated, I was told, as a result of some misunderstanding with the Catholic priest. Now they bury their deceased people entirely without a priest, neither calling him to the house nor to the cemetery.

    The main objection against the churches is their rapacity and the immoral life of the priests.

    Our city has two Bohemian newspapers. A third one appears irregularly, I presume, but I have not seen it. One of them has a circulation greater than the circulation of the other two put together. This paper is a daily publication with a Sunday supplement and its aim is instructive with some 8entertaining and colorful articles. It stands firmly against dynamiters and anarchists. Its viewpoint on religion can be seen from the fact that its Sunday supplement has articles, for example, as "Vek Rozumu" (The age of wisdom), which prove that religion does not originate from God but is an invention of human beings, spread through the world through education.

    The other newspaper is spreading anarchistic ideas. It is a publication not only socialistic, but it proclaims further that all institutions of the government are bad and only such men can be called free who do what they please regardless of others. The watchword is "A tooth for a tooth and an eye for an eye." An extract from this newspaper will be sufficient to convince one of its aims.

    The Rev. E. A. Adams read one article translated in English from the 9Bohemian anarchistic publication. He then continued:

    "I have good information that only a small percentage of Bohemians are supporting these ideas, but on the other hand, this newspaper has appeared before as a bi-monthly and now is printed weekly with satisfactory success. Whether the ideas of this paper are true or not, they are nevertheless spread and with no opposition on our part. Maybe the church has no influence on the intelligent classes. Our Protestants are inactive. The best proof of this is that nine different Bohemian Bibles are here in circulation. Their theories lead towards disorganization, anarchy and destruction, although we do not believe that would be really a desire of these Bohemians who are now spreading the ideas of unbelief and skepticism.

    I presume it was Voltaire who, during a discussion with his friend about atheism, said: "Wait until my servants will be far away from here. I do not want to have my throat cut during the night."


    My personal opinion is that the result of the atheism always must be anarchism. I was advised by my missionary authority in this city to call meetings for Bohemians and to give lectures to them. There were distributed one thousand pamphlets Friday, with the announcement that services would be held on Sundays. This also was advertised in the Bohemian paper, I had expected a dozen or at the most twenty Bohemians present, but there appeared about seventy-five, who listened very diligently to my lecture. The following Sunday 200 appeared. The fifth Sunday there were only seventy. Two evening meetings were arranged. The evening audience was first twelve in number, then twenty persons. I have sold nine Bibles and received orders for more. This will serve as proof how little influence a church has on its most faithful members.

    Atheism is spreading among the people who have retrogressed from the church, more than I thought. They are instructed and they believe that Thomas Paine was the main agent of the deliverance of this country, and 11that his principles are the only ones which assure the freedom of humanity. The whole missionary work among these Bohemians was accomplished by the scholar, Robert Ingersoll, and we are still in possession of his documents and literature. If his works are read by the Bohemians, I do not know. The Bohemians are very economical, quiet, obedient and capable. They have their own building loan associations and they are building many beautiful houses around Western Avenue.

    Regarding their political attitude, I have very scanty information, but I think they adhere firmly to the country which guaranteed their liberty. They observe with caution each stranger who approaches them, for they do not trust him, but when they perceive sincerity, they cling to him.

    The experience gained by me in Praha convinces me that their work here will need plenty of patience, and if I am not mistaken in their enthusiasm 12for any enterprise that they start. I am full of hope that in time they can be transformed into most reliable American citizens. They are here for their own and our benefit.

    Should they be let alone and exposed to the injurious influences of this country, they will bring harm to us and to themselves."

    The Rev. Adams mentioned, then, the conditions of different English churches and added finally: "We intended to construct a mission building in the district encircling Halsted, 16th, 12th streets and the river. For the proper enlightenment of the Bohemians a building worth $15,000 is needed."

    All statements of Rev. Adams seem to be true and show that he is very well 13acquainted with our conditions. There is only one thing mentioned by Rev. Adams to which we must offer protest, namely, that we will not harm anyone even if we do not believe in religion, and that such a person should not perish either likewise.

    Not long ago the Rev. E. A. Adams lectured here in the Palmer House, before the Missionary Society, on the subject "Our Bohemian Citizens." Before we will start to interpret ...

    III A, II B 2 d 1, II D 1, III A, III C, III G, I C, I E
  • Svornost -- August 16, 1884
    The Catholics and the Sokols.

    As our readers know, arrangements have been made for the third gymnastic contest in our city. To make the celebration more brilliant and splendid, the committee decided to ask all Bohemian societies to be present at these festivities in such numbers that they will attract the attention of other nationalities.

    We think the Sokols were right in doing this and not paying attention to the division of Bohemians in Chicago. They invited all Bohemian clubs and societies to participate, which refutes the contention of one of the local English language newspapers announced not long ago that the Bohemians have no organized social life here. The Bohemian Sokols intended to prove by their public appearance that this conception of the English reporters is entirely wrong. The Bohemian Sokols have decided that at such festivities we should appear as united Bohemians, like sons of one mother, no matter 2what are our viewpoints on other vital problems.

    In all important national undertakings, and especially at festivities, the Bohemians should act in harmony. At all such gatherings we must demonstrate patriotism. In this way we will create a good name among other nationalities. On these occasions to classify ourselves as good Catholics or Liberals would be an absurdity. Having these ideas in their minds, the Bohemian Sokols have invited the Bohemians belonging to the Catholic church to their festivity thus emphasizing that the Sokols are not sectarian in matters of religion.

    Every good and honest undertaking and this one too, will always find a destructive individual, whose desire is to keep the local Bohemian community divided into two hostile groups and who endeavors to fire again the hatred of one Bohemian for another; to such persons everyone is an enemy that does not follow their direct ideas. In the last copy of the Catholic newspaper Hlas, (The Voice), there is an article, obviously written by a city reporter, who is 3not a Catholic nor a member of any of our Bohemian clubs. This correspondent is angry about this proposed harmonious representation and states that the mutual common appearance sounds very nice, but the idea itself is wrong. He said: "There is another question that should be answered - who is guilty of this division among the Bohemians in Chicago? Who originated the cause of this disagreement?"

    We can positively assert in the name of all Bohemian-American Sokols, that where some disagreement arose among the Liberals and Catholics, the Sokols were never the cause of it. The main problem of the Sokol communities is always the idea of the development and strengthening of the body through exercise, and the Sokols are carrying on with their problems as much as circumstances will permit.

    We are absolutely sure that almost every Sokol Unity has members who are inclined more or less to the Catholic faith, but none of those members can complain that he was ever offended by a Sokol. Every lawful citizen is welcomed by the Sokols, whether he be a Catholic, Protestant, or an unbeliever; as long as he conducts 4himself properly he will be treated with honor and respect. Mr. reporter allowed himself in his ignorance to suggest and express an idea, that the Sokols are acting this way only on account of the approaching election. This kind of suspicion can be attributed only to a man who has no serious argument and must use a lie; we are acquainted with a correspondent of a different newspaper, who uses the same kind of arguments, and we are quite sure that they are one and the same individual, who hides behind a false name. The correspondent of the Hlas states in his article that he is against the quarrels and divisions of his own people, but that he could not be in accord with the idea of the Catholics being willing to unite with Bohemian Sokols during the proposed festivities. Taking into consideration his remark that he is against the division in national life, the editor of the newspaper advises in the next paragraph that Bohemians put an end to these disagreements. We have a right to expect that our Catholic countrymen will not listen to the oppositionists who are tying to obstruct the tendency of unification of all the Bohemians here in America; we are hoping that they will attend our festivities of the Bohemian-American 5Sokols in impressive numbers.

    It is our duty to mention that two Bohemian-American newspapers have accepted and printed in their columns few deriding and abusive articles about the festivities of the Bohemian Sokols; they are - the ultra-liberal and national Dennice Novoveku and the Catholic newspaper Hlas.

    As our readers know, arrangements have been made for the third gymnastic contest in our city. To make the celebration more brilliant and splendid, the committee decided to ask all ...

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  • Svornost -- April 08, 1890
    [Svornost Will Publish Baseball Scores]

    The great American sport finds many participants among our countrymen so that we have each year several baseball clubs. Last year, however, Bohemian ball players complained that Svornost did not carry reports of their games in the same manner that the English newspapers did of the play of American Clubs.

    In order to overcome this apparent misunderstanding we wish to remind our Bohemian Athletes that we gladly publish any such report about the games as is given us. We are willing to dedicate space in our paper for our ball players the same as the other papers, when the results of games are sent to us in time for publication.

    The great American sport finds many participants among our countrymen so that we have each year several baseball clubs. Last year, however, Bohemian ball players complained that Svornost did not ...

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