The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Svornost -- November 20, 1878
    Honesty and Rectitude of the Election Judges in recent Election.

    It is evident according to the official canvass of votes, that many election judges committed punishable offenses. For instance the official canvas of votes gives Citizen Meilbek 7006 instead of 4200 as turned in by election judges. The election Commissioners left it up to Mr. Meilbek whether he will prosecute the offending judges. According to law this offense is punishable by a fine of One Thousand Dollars and two years imprisonment.

    It is evident according to the official canvass of votes, that many election judges committed punishable offenses. For instance the official canvas of votes gives Citizen Meilbek 7006 instead of ...

    Bohemian
    I F 6, IV
  • Svornost -- February 17, 1879
    [Investigate Statement in Chicago Vestnik]

    A meeting called by the Bohemian Section of the Socialist Labor Party was held in "Czechs" Hall on February 16th. The purpose of the meeting was to arrive at the truth of the statements published in "The Chicago Vestnik"(Advertiser) against the Honorable L. Meilbek (Representative of the Labor Party) that he has sold out to the Republican Party. More than 600 persons were present. Citizen M. Baumruker opened the meeting at 8:00 P. M. with an explanation of its purpose, that is, that the "Chicago Vestnik" published an article claiming that our Bohemian representative is bought out by the Republican Party and must dance as they whistle.

    The Labor Party wishing to have honorable Representation wants the charges against Rep. Meilbek either proved or disproved. Consequently the publisher of "Chicago Vestnik" has been invited to be present and to sustain the charges.

    The chairman then invited the publisher, Mr. Langmayer to take the floor and prove his charges. Mr. Langmayer was not present. Mr. K. Tuma thereon spoke saying 2that Mr. Langmayer received no invitation to be present. Citizen Belohradsky then read from the last issue of "Chicago Vestnik" an article telling of Mr. Belohradsky's visit to that paper and that he delivered the resolution requesting Mr. Langmayer's presence, thereby proving Mr. Tuma's contention a falsehood.

    The Chairman then introduced several speakers. The meeting was brought to a close at about 10 P. M.

    A meeting called by the Bohemian Section of the Socialist Labor Party was held in "Czechs" Hall on February 16th. The purpose of the meeting was to arrive at the ...

    Bohemian
    I F 6
  • Svornost -- March 31, 1879
    Before the Battle.

    We stand today on the threshold of an important decision, whether our evil city government is to be continued; are we again to be surrendered to pillage by rapacious officeseekers and their numerous henchman or will we place in office honest responsible men, men of action, men, enthusiastic for the general welfare?

    Citizens there are four parties with full lists of candidates and you have plenty of material to choose from for the various offices. Republicans, Democrats, Socialists and Greenbackers come before you with their candidates asking for your support, promising more or less important things. Let us see however what happens to these preelection promises. Are they fulfilled? We answer, so far as the main issues are concerned, never. Did not the Republicans and Democrats promise you before each election, mountains and dales, did not they have mouths full of reform, did not they promise you, workingmen, that they would look after your needs, your interests? How did it turn out after election? It is needless to dwell upon for every child knows they kept none of their promises. They were concerned only with their own 2interests and those of the rich city plundering public utility companies. Many may object that a Socialist once elected may work otherwise, but previous experience and the sound elements from which the Socialist Labor Party is formed absolutely expel this thought.

    Our representatives in the State Legislature work in the interests of the working class and failing to achieve any apparent success, who is to blame for this- if not these Republicans and Democrats? In the city council we have so far only one representative of the Socialist Party, Citizen Fr. Stauber, and this representative of ours enjoys the confidence of all honorable citizens of Chicago. It was he that fought for the establishment of new schools, reading-rooms, public baths, and sewers in those districts of the city inhabited by the poorer classes of our citizens. He fought for the lighting and cleaning of streets in the neighborhoods peopled by working men. He endeavored to bring to the poor people, the same privileges which the rich tax dodgers enjoyed. Citizen Stauber worked sincerely and honorably and if he failed to enact our rightful demands, who again is to blame if not the 3Republicans and Democrats, these people who before election promised us endless reforms; then those, who believing the promises of these sharpers, elected them instead of honest socialists who are in sympathy with us. If we said nothing in behalf of our representative there would still remain one circumstance which assures him the grateful remembrance of all honorable taxpayers, and that is the conservation of over-payments in the amount of $300,000 on which the city accountant was drawing interest.

    Our officials have shown themselves to be honorable and would to God they remain so. Partly responsible for this is the fact that our candidates must agree to resign from office if the electorate desires it. Any one who wishes the reforms as shown in our principles should vote the Socialist ticket. He who wishes to support dishonesty, destructiveness and thievery should vote for the old parties, but should not moan afterward that he is being robbed.

    Our Ballot

    For Mayor--Ernest Schmidt; for City Treasurer--Fr. A. Stauber; for City Attorney--Harry Rubens: for City Clerk--Benjamin Sibley; For Aldermen--1st Ward-Nicolai H. Jorgensen; 2nd Ward--George A. Schilling; 3rd Ward-- H. L. Hull; 4th Ward--Louis Huth; 5th Ward--T. J. Morgan;

    4

    6th Ward--J. J. Altpeter; 7th Ward--Frank Bielefeldt; 8th Ward--Henry Stahl; 9th Ward S. R. Rratt; 10th Ward--Robert Beck; 11th Ward--Harry Johnson; 12th Ward--Maz Zelle; 13th Ward--George Braun; 14th Ward--Reinhold Lorenz; 15th Ward-John Feltes: 16th Ward-Christian Meier; 17th Ward--James Lynn; 18th Ward--D. Van Devanter.

    North Town Officers.

    Assessor--J. C. Warner; Collector--Theo A. Schwennesen; Clerk--John Soller; Supervisor P. Mc Fadden;

    South Town Officers

    Assessor--John Paulsen; Collector--Henry Schmidt; Clerk-- T. P. S. Dusey; Supervisor Tom Ryan.

    West Town Officers.

    Assessor--O; A. Bishop; Collector--Daniel Sullivan; Clerk--Jacob Dilg; Supervisor--Martin Baumrucker.

    We stand today on the threshold of an important decision, whether our evil city government is to be continued; are we again to be surrendered to pillage by rapacious officeseekers ...

    Bohemian
    I F 6, I D 1 a, I F 1, I F 3, I E
  • Svornost -- April 01, 1879
    An Important Day in Chicago.

    To-day is indeed a big day in Chicago, the like of which, for importance and significance, has never before occurred in its history. Yes, and for us Bohemians living here, this day surely is also very significant. Politics here has become almost altogether an occupation of the most dishonorable wretches among the people.

    Whoever applies himself to politics is forced down to the lowest degree of contempt and degradation, for it seems that politics can not countenance an honorable man whether he be Republican or Democrat.

    The more corrupt a member of these political parties was, the more influence he had. He knew the various methods for obtaining money with which to buy votes and power for himself.

    Thievery of all sorts could be accomplished at elections, any knave could be elected, and as it so often happened, the biggest scoundrels were generally elected into the 2most honorable positions and profitable offices. These offices they then conducted in accordance with their corrupt characters. No honorable man could be induced to mingle with this political riff-raff in order to work with them to attain some office. Everyone is ashamed of this disgraceful condition and it so happens that among all the politicians and office holders in Chicago, and there are many of them, it is impossible even at high noon and with the aid of Diogenes' Lamp to find an honorable man, in factone steals more than the other-one is more deceitful than the other-and the thieves are never brought to justice.

    This is the kind of example honorable citizens had before them, they saw it in all leaders- in all officials- What kind of citizens could they be? Conditions gradually became worse year after year. When the Republican party was in power they stole. When the citizenry took notice and ousted them by electing Democrats, the Democrats did more stealing than their predecessors. The citizenry finally discarded both the parties by electing the so-called People's Party only to find the same brand of politicians.

    3

    They were no better than either the Republicans or Democrats and the thieving continued.

    Law abiding citizens, whether they had anything or not, were forced to pay for all this and to carry an immense burden. In no way were they able to accomplish any reforms so that they might have some relief from these excessive burdens.

    The Political parties in Chicago tremble to-day before the Socialists, before the poor, before the workingmen. They tremble, not with feat that these citizens will come on the morrow with clubs to break windows and to pillage stores, but because hence forth no matter how few Socialists are elected they must stop their nefarious practices. They know that their trickery will be exposed, that they will be watched and will not have free reign as they previously had. They fear the honesty and sincerity which will replace their dishonesty and insincerity. With honesty these old politicians wont get far; it would hardly pay them to have themselves elected. Honest citizens to work! One for all and all for one. To-day we will do our duty and we will continue to work until honesty and justice shall prevail throughout the land.

    To-day is indeed a big day in Chicago, the like of which, for importance and significance, has never before occurred in its history. Yes, and for us Bohemians living here, ...

    Bohemian
    I F 6
  • Svornost -- April 21, 1879
    [The Sophistry of Politicians]

    To be a politican is with every citizen who understands politics a serious business. It creates respect, dignity and character; in general it makes the man.

    It is flattering and pleasant to sit among the leaders in political meetings, to be able to speak before others, to be welcomed with eagerness and expectation, to be the leader of the thought of those other non-political dullards or indifferent citizens, to whom there can be occasionally made when elections require it, nice speeches, in which the opposition is roundly berated and the favored candidates greatly praised, and some trumps played to flatter the poor foolish people, several thrusts can be made against the powerful and the wealthy, so it will appear we are in a free country and no one will make anything of it, thus we have a politician and that which he does is called politics, yes high politics. What are the purposes and principles of this kind of politics? Not one of these politicians asks or cares about that. He is simply a politician, he works for some candidate of his party. Does he receive any pay? No, he even helps pay the expenses of the election in the expectation of some other kind of reward or favor. From force of habit he 2will berate the opposition party according to what he has learned from his party literature and no more. To inquire further as to the principles of such politics, what they lead to, and whether they are for the benefit of the people; does not enter such a politician's mind.

    Let us examine a little more closely these politicians and their brand of politics. We shall learn how much despised is the citizen, who blindly goes along with his party, from force of habit, who allows himself to be threatened by the politicians as though his redemption depended upon that particular party. Just what is this American system of politics, either Republican or Democratic, other than the defense and upholding of the interests of the ruling classes, the capitalistic groups and their methods for the oppression of all who are dependent on them? We have in the United States a ruling class and a laboring class. The politics of both the major political parties tends only to preserve and protect the interests of the oppressive ruling classes. Nowhere, not even in Congress or the various State Legislatures nor in the City Councils is anything done by which the interests of the laboring classes would be protected. It seems as though this class, has no rights, needs no consideration, has no needs and no desires.- 3even so a just government should strive to benefit and satisfy the majority of its citizens. Both of the national parties make use of shameful hypocrisy for the accomplishment of their aims, namely, that all their laws and efforts pretend always to be for the protection of freedom and rights of the masses but ordinarily all their laws for the preservation of this freedom prove to be the opposite thereof, and if by any chance this law should happen to be good then they disregard it and let it become a dead letter. Therefore the people again have nothing by which they may benefit. That is politics and to that end the politicians labor. Both the political parties of the country set up platforms made up of the old worn out empty phrases, absolutely meaningless, promising nothing, in fact accomplishing nothing. They decorate them with nice flattering rhetoric for their own party and abuse and reproach for the other party. Then they add a promise of good times to come as soon as the party and its candidates are elected. This then is called politics. The politician who knows how to picture it, knows how to be non-committal, knows how to 4pass out a great deal of nonsense, both national and political, is then in a position to be among the leaders and may seek some office to repay him for the many years of loyal service he gave to his party. The citizens then accept these same platforms as though they were some kind of valuable jewels, entitled to respect and veneration like some holy writ; they dont realize that by means of these smooth artifices they are led by these same political leaders, to vote for them, thereby helping them to attain some office which they have probably sought for years. This is politics as played by politicians. It is politics, to endeavor to hold an independent people in spiritual dependence and submission to the high political leaders. All of which, called humbug in America, is the privilege of politicians.

    What are the politics of the laboring class against these conditions? Their politics are not primarily to seek personal profit and benefit or election to some office, but to endeavor first of all to bring about that equality and justice for all who are now being ground down by oppression under the present system. Labors politics must refrain from all political humbug and underhandedness and must endeavor 5toward, education and enlightenment, the emancipation from subjection, the spiritual awakening of independent thought on political matters in order to recognize the causes of unrest and dissatisfaction among the people and to work for the accomplishment of means to bring about the equality and justice so necessary to the peace and satisfaction of all the people.

    Labor politics consider all previous major political parties as a drawback to progress. Therefore it must not lower itself to the same trickery and machination which they used to carry out their principles.

    To join with them would be to lower and destroy the principles of justice and equality. Labor's politics must overcome all that is evil and unjust no matter where it is found and support all things that are just and for the benefit of all . For these reasons any sensible man may support the labor party for the interests of this party are the interests of all honest people whether they be laborers, mechanica, businessmen or farmers.

    To be a politican is with every citizen who understands politics a serious business. It creates respect, dignity and character; in general it makes the man. It is flattering and ...

    Bohemian
    I F 3, I F 6, I E
  • Svornost -- April 23, 1879
    [Wanted Candidates with Money]

    That the last presidential election was a scoundrelly and thievish affair is known by every citizen, for the Republicans proved that the Democrats wanted to elect Tilden to help along with thievery, bribery and scoundrelism; on the other hand the Democrats proved for the Republicans the same things in regard to the occupancy of the White House by Hayes. The question now before both Republican and Democratic parties is how to prepare for the coming elections in order to insure victory for themselves, and for their work to be placed in the rich troughs of government office, where it is not necessary to do anything except take money, brag about oneself and steal so much as possible. Neither party gives any thought about an honorable triumph and an honest government, openly or secretly. We read how both parties are preparing for the coming elections. The Democratic "New York Express" write about it as follows,"Tilden is very wealthy, has no family and can devote a million dollars to become President; and the Democratic party, which has no patronage and no money resources like the Republican party where every office holder must contribute financially, must have a rich candidate who will not be miserly with the dollar. This reasoning is not ordinarily published in newspapers but is discussed privately.

    2

    What would the founders of our republic think if they could know of the preparations being made for the presidential election. Imagine for yourself a great national party coming before its voters with this, "Can we not find an honorable capable candidate who can afford to spend some ten millions for election purposes?"

    What the Democrats do on one side the Republicans duplicate on the other side. Money is appropriated and all other conditions are side tracked.

    Oh! where are we going?

    That the last presidential election was a scoundrelly and thievish affair is known by every citizen, for the Republicans proved that the Democrats wanted to elect Tilden to help along ...

    Bohemian
    I F 6
  • Svornost -- February 15, 1884
    Bohemian Independent Club in 8th Ward

    Bohemian Citizens, fulfill your duties. Don't be confounded by the Germans. It looks like all nationalities in our city start to show more vital dictorial activities, and it seems that the Bohemians will not be behind others, and will participate in the forthcoming election with as much energy. Not long ago there was founded a Republican club in "Pilsen" Hall and yesterday, the Bohemian citizens were called again with the purpose of organizing a club in the 8th Ward. The object of this club should be the election of our own candidates for the coming election and to put a decisive end to the rule of certain Aldermen, who are taking care of everything in the world, but the welfare of their community.

    The meeting was called for 8 P.M. but opened at 9 P. M. It is impossible to pass in silence, the carelessness of the local Bohemians on almost all occasions in which they should manifest their consciousness of the duties of a good citizen. But they show plenty of wisdom at home and in the saloons. They discuss there all events of our political life, what is right or wrong, which Aldermen are taking care only of their pockets,--and so forth.

    When it comes to the point, of being invited to a meeting to take part in the 2discussion, and to help with their votes to root out all dishonosty and mischief, they neglect their citizens' duties and stay at home or, when they appear at the meeting, they are as silent as fish.

    Yesterday a similar situation occured. The invitation to the meeting was mailed many days ago and there were present in the "Houdkov" Hall as many as seventeen Bohemian citizens from the whole 8th Ward.

    At the meeting were present the delegates of the "German Club", which was founded in the 8th Ward not long ago for the same purpose. The meeting was opened by M. Patera. In a few words he explained the purpose of the meeting and suggested the election of the Chairman, the Vice-Chairman and the Secretary for today's meeting. L. W. Kadlec opposed and suggested the election of only two, the Chairman and the Secretary. The result of the voting was as follow: Chairman--M. Patera, Secretary--J. Benes. The Chairman immediately explained the purpose of today's meeting and called for a speech from the German delegates, that they declare themselves and lay the foundation for the mutual work. The German delegate Karl Finkensieper explained what the idea was of the newly organized club of German citizens of the 8th Ward, and that it is a well known principle, that in unity is power. That is why the "German Club" intends to 3join the Bohemian Citizens of the 8th Ward. This will make the introduction to the City-Council of an honest and decisive German or Bohemian candidate, much easier.

    As the German delegate was speaking German, our Ad. Chladek answered in German and in his applauded speech referred to the previous elections pointing, especially, to the fact, that we don't want to know or to talk at all about the Republicans, the Democrats, the Socialists and so forth, but only about ourselves and to help our common program.

    He advised harmony and unity, the manlike action, not childish, and finished his speech with the statement, that it is impossible to be unable to bring into office in the coming election, a Bohemian or German candidate for Alderman of the 8th Ward. Two Irish candidates would only help to scatter the votes. The speaker promised his highest cooperation and proposed to elect a special committee to be present at today's German meeting, held at 8 P.M. at 311 S. Canal St. It was decided that everybody, time permitting, should be there.

    Bohemian Citizens, fulfill your duties. Don't be confounded by the Germans. It looks like all nationalities in our city start to show more vital dictorial activities, and it seems that ...

    Bohemian
    I F 2, I F 6, I C, I E
  • Svornost -- March 04, 1884
    Meeting of the Bohemian Citizens in the 8th Ward; V. Kaspar Accepts the Proposed Candidacy for Alderman

    Yesterday a meeting was held in the hall of the Bohemian-American Sokol. The meeting was called by the Bohemian Independent Club and had an exceptionally large attendance. About sixty Bohemian citizens were present and the majority of them joined the club. The meeting was opened by the chairman, Mr. Patera, who expressed his satisfaction at the large attendance and encouraged persistence. "We must open our eyes and look forward before we will vote for a German or an Irishman."

    Mr. Valis said, "This is the only way to organize if we are to support and elect a Bohemian. I don't trust the Germans and unless we unite ourselves firmly, our Bohemian candidate will be ashamed of the number of our votes."

    2

    Mr. Patera approved of this idea but was of the opinion that in case the club members decided that it would be impossible to elect a Bohemian candidate, the support of a German would be more prudent than the support of an Irishman.

    Mr. Mracek agreed with the idea and said that the Irishmen are insolent and selfish, supporting only themselves and absolutely indifferent to the needs of other nationalities, that's why every Bohemian citizen should agitate among his friends and neighbors to vote for a Bohemian candidate.

    Mr. Novak reminded us how convenient it is when we can use our mother language in public office and it would be really a shame should the Bohemians show their indifference in the coming election.

    Mr. Benes stated that many of the present citizens are not acquainted 3with our relation to the German electors. He explained all important relations we ever had with the Germans and concluded his speech with the statement that since the Germans are willing to support us, why should we antagonize them.

    Mr. Valis expressed his confidence in the Bohemians. "They should understand that they must be victorious," he said. "We have a Bohemian on the Board of Education and in the Public Library, both chairmen, respectively. Why should we not have a Bohemian alderman?"

    Mr. Chladek spoke next, "It is important to elect a Bohemian alderman who would be honest and take the greatest care of the interests of his ward." He mentioned that he had information that the Germans are not thinking so favorably of us, that the Germans intended to cooperate with us only temporarily, and that they have organized themselves only for our interests. Four of their committees will support someone named Nagel, an Irishman, and the Bohemians will be persuaded to vote for him. The speaker said 4that such a German program would give us no privileges at all. He supposed that the Germans would keep faith with us but he was in doubt about it. The Bohemian committee should act very carefully, because some of the Germans will vote for Nagel and others for Feldman, consequently it would be wise for Bohemians to have a candidate of their own, one that possesses the fullest confidence of the people. Such a one is Vaclav Kaspar.

    Mr. Vaclav Kaspar then took the floor and said, "I am elected as a candidate for alderman in the 8th ward, but it is not so easy to win the election as it looks. We have very many Irishmen in our ward. It is possible that in this part of the ward a Bohemian could be elected, but in the west part of the ward the Irish majority is considerable, and as the Irish voters remain united, everything does not look so promising. What relates to me , my family and my business, does not permit me to accept the nomination, because I would be forced to neglect my business."

    Mr. Geringer then spoke: "Today's meeting was called for the purpose of 5finding out if we Bohemians are sufficiently strong in voting power."

    His advice was not to undertake the forcing of our candidate, but to delay in this for the future, and to support this time anybody rather than Lawler. Our first attention should be directed to the removal of Lawler from office, and this could be achieved only by setting against him a very strong candidate, worthy of general confidence. It may be a Bohemian or a German. Bohemian or German we don't want him to lose to an Irishman.

    It would be even more advisable to elect this time a good, honest Irishman if only to defeat Lawler, who is running on the Independent ticket. The question before us should be, should we elect a Bohemian candidate at this meeting or support the German candidate?

    Mr. Chladek could be very useful in helping us to decide this question by telling us, approximately, the number of voters in our ward that are 6Bohemians, Germans, and Irish respectively. Ad. Chladek answered: "In the west part of the ward there are many Americans and only a few Irishmen and they would unite against the Irish candidate, because they dislike the Irish methods of administration. The total number of voters in our ward is about 3,000. Should all the Americans, the better class of Irishmen, the Bohemians and the Germans, unite in our ward, there would be about 1,300 votes for the Bohemian or German candidate. This number of votes would enable the Bohemian or German candidate to win because there would be more candidates in the field and none of them would be able to poll this number of votes. The Bohemian votes amount to about 300."

    Frant Kaspar insisted that the members should not retreat from putting a candidate in the field, but should appoint him at once and at the meeting that was then going on.

    Mr. Patera again asked whether it would be absolutely impossible for Vaclav Kaspar to accept the nomination.

    7

    Mr. Chladek brought out the fact of the jealousy that exists between the Irishmen. "There is no doubt," said Mr. Chladek, "that the Irish will have two, three or maybe four candidates in the field. Consequently, we should be able to win with our candidate. This is possible, but it demands hard work. We should canvass from house to house, talk to the voters and persuade them to go to the polls and vote for our Bohemian candidate." Mr. Chladek further contended that Bohemian votes could not be bought for money and that there were no Bohemians of bad character that could be diverted from the Bohemian candidate.

    J. Kralovec said that the committee had done everything that could be done according to its promise and that all Bohemians would be very pleased if their candidate would accept the nomination. The committee was advised to turn its attention to the fact that the whole procedure of election and 8nomination should not be made public before the suitable time. We have considered Vaclav Kaspar as the only person among us Bohemians to be worthy of representing us honorably in the City Council, and to be supported not only by Bohemians but by other nationalities.

    Vaclav Kaspar took the floor and said: "The committee fulfilled its duty in visiting me. At that time my answer was that it would be impossible for me to accept the nomination. However, since then my countrymen have insisted that I do their will, and since their will is law for me I accept the candidacy. (Stormy and long applause.) I demand, however, that the committee takes care to see that we have numerous and better attended meetings and to find means by which a more serious interest in future election may be instilled in our Bohemian citizens."

    Mr. Geringer pointed out that the Germans were divided into two factions and some of their votes would undoubtedly pass to us, which would make our problem easier. He was of the opinion, however, that it would be 9a question as to whether we are supported by others.

    Mr. Kostner then said: "We will make a big step forward when we elect today our candidate, even in case he should be defeated. There are very many voters among the different parties and nationalities who would vote for anybody, so long as it was not Lawler. We have gained very much since Vac. Kaspar accepted the candidacy, because he is known as an exceptionally honest man, not only among the Bohemians, but among the Germans and the Irish.

    Mr. Kaspar will gain many German and Irish votes, consequently he has the best chance to be elected."

    Mr. Kralovec paid attention to the fact that we can expect victory if there will be seven candidates on the ticket. He warned the audience that this coming Thursday there would be a joint meeting with the Germans and we must be represented very strongly if we wish our candidate to defeat 10the German candidate. Everyone should be present. There are always around one hundred Germans at their meeting, and our maximum today is sixty members.

    Mr. Novak was given the floor and said: "We don't need thieves and men of leisure in the City Council. V. Kaspar could have been a member of the Council long ago, but he hesitated to accept the nomination because he is an honest man." (The speaker was reprimanded by some of the members many times because of his discouraging remarks against the candidate.)

    Mr. Svojze then said, "Why should we not nominate a candidate? There is no reason for it. Should our candidate win, it will be all right; should he be defeated, it will be all right too. Win or lose we will gain experience that will be of benefit to us in the future."

    Mr. Suesland thought it was a hard problem to get a candidate. A motion 11was then passed that on the morrow (Wednesday) a meeting should be held again. Tomorrow's meeting would be a day before the general meeting of Bohemians and Germans. The purpose of the meeting of tomorrow was to gain new members and to be more strongly represented at the joint Bohemian-German meeting.

    The meeting adjourned.

    Yesterday a meeting was held in the hall of the Bohemian-American Sokol. The meeting was called by the Bohemian Independent Club and had an exceptionally large attendance. About sixty Bohemian ...

    Bohemian
    I F 2, I F 5, I F 3, I C, IV, I F 6
  • Svornost -- March 06, 1884
    The Bohemian Citizens of the 8th Ward Are in Array; Their Platform

    Yesterday's Bohemian meeting held in the Gymnasium of Sokol Association was attended by eighty or ninety citizens. This is very consoling proof that the Bohemian citizens have begun to understand their duties. The meeting was opened by the chairman, Mr. Patera, and the minutes of yesterday's meeting were read and adopted. Sixty new members were enrolled and one hundred and twenty-five is the total number of members of the Bohemian Independent Club.

    Mr. Kralovec gave a detailed report of the meeting of the joint committees, which elected Mr. Lussem as chairman, and Mr. Chlader as secretary. We are publishing this a little ahead of time and we must add that the chairman of the meeting, Mr. Lussem, came to the conclusion that Vaclav 2Kaspar would be the best candidate. He has known him since before the Big Fire in Chicago. The reason that this was published ahead of time was explained as indispensable because, as Mr. Lussem states, some of the German members of the joint committee intended to wait two weeks longer. Mr. Lussem was against this idea. The motion for immediate voting was passed and Vaclav Kaspar was elected candidate by a vote of nine to five. This report was accepted and the speaker proposed a reading of the platform, which was done by the secretary.

    "The Platform of the Independent Club of the 8th Ward. Whereas, the citizens of the 8th Ward know and have seen for years that our representatives in the City Council do not care for the welfare of the citizens, therefore, it is resolved, that in the future only those candidates will be supported who will direct their activities strictly in accord with the platform, set up by the citizens of said ward.

    3

    I. Every case of corruption committed by the City Council shall be immediately revealed to the public.

    II. All improvements like building of new bridges, sewers, paving of streets, shall be properly constructed under strict supervision.

    III. To watch and enforce with all power the regulation that only workers of good reputation shall be hired for city constructions, not lazy and idle men patronized by the ward politicians as has been practiced heretofore.

    IV. To see to it that personal liberty shall not depend on the individual opinion of hot-headed fanatics.

    V. To strive with earnest zeal towards the refusal of further concessions to the present monopolists."

    4

    This platform was adopted by the committee and by the candidate.

    Mr. Kralovec proposed at this meeting to nominate the speakers for tomorrow's joint meeting. Ad. Chladek and J. Benes were proposed. Both accepted.

    T. Kralovec suggested Mr. Lussem as chairman of tomorrow's joint meeting, because Mr. Lussem always acted with dignity and was always very friendly towards the Bohemians. Mr. Lussem accepted.

    Mr. Chladek referred to the disagreements occurring ordinarily on election day, and all kinds of disorder during the counting of the votes. We are in need of dependable people who will watch that the counting is honest, because it is the only way we can win, and we know well that the police officers are against us Bohemians and all are working for Irishmen.

    5

    A long and effective speech by Ad. Chladek pleased everybody. The following additional speakers were elected for tomorrow's joint Bohemian-German meeting; Dr. Kohout, J. Kralovec and Jiri Nikodem.

    Concluding this meeting, there was an appeal to the Bohemian citizens of the 8th ward to appear at tomorrow's meeting in Houdrov Hall in large numbers and not to be confounded by the Germans. Strive to gain the respect of other nationalities is what was recommended.

    Tomorrow's meeting is the most important one and it should be demonstrated to the Germans and to the other nationalities, with whom we will fight, that we know how to handle our affairs and that it would be unwise for them to scorn our Bohemian power in the 8th ward.

    Yesterday's Bohemian meeting held in the Gymnasium of Sokol Association was attended by eighty or ninety citizens. This is very consoling proof that the Bohemian citizens have begun to understand ...

    Bohemian
    I F 2, I F 6, I F 5, I F 3, I C
  • Svornost -- April 02, 1884
    Defeat on the Whole Line; Dreadful Electoral Fight; Electoral Swindle Carried Out to the Extreme

    We expect that this time the electoral fight would be dreadful, but it exceeded all our expectations. A bunch of crooks in the City Council were entirely victorious again, thanks to the indifference of the citizens and to the electoral swindles perpetrated by this City Council gang. None of our candidates won, on the contrary, they were defeated by such an immense number of votes that it seemed almost incredible. It is supposed that those men who have succeeded in being re-elected were prepared for a severe fight. That's why their whole electoral machinery was already started in the morning working with full steam throughout the day.

    It seemed in the 8th Ward that Lawler had entire gangs of criminal characters at his disposal. These gangs acted in such an impudent and challenging way that honest citizens were almost afraid to approach the electoral boxes. Drunken young Irishmen were to be seen everywhere threatening every voter 2that appeared to be against the corrupt interests. But these gangs were not only composed of Irish youth. We saw among them some mischievous Bohemian boys who faced the Bohemian citizens in a more insolent way than the Irish themselves.

    In the 6th ward, where the precincts are more densely populated, the Bohemians acted valiantly, and many Irish blackguards were sent home with light injuries. There were places where the Bohemian voters did not dare to show up without their risking the possibility of bodily injury at the hands of Cullerton's drunks. Generally speaking our countrymen behaved themselves with dignity.

    It was different in the 8th ward, especially in the precinct at the corner of Clinton and De Koven streets, where fights were almost uninterrupted. Here was assembled the most vicious mob, which we have ever seen. In many cases our voters were obliged to run away from the polls, otherwise they would have been injured by one or more of the Irish hoodlums who had absolute control of this precinct. Everyone who attempted to resist them at the polls went home with some form of bodily injury.

    3

    Ant. Pregler, who the day before had made in Bohemian-American Sokol Hall a speech against the candidate, Lawler, paid also for his boldness. Some one of our countrymen must have informed the Irishmen about it, and an armed Irishmen wounded A. Pregler on his hand. Tomas Bilek was the only one who proved that even a tough Irishman can be defeated by an old Bohemian Sokol. Being attacked by one of the Irishmen, Bilek threw him instantly to the ground and right into a small pool of mud. All these single incidents were only a preliminary start of the general battle which was to be finished in the Jurka saloon. Many on both sides were wounded and sent home for first aid. About the policemen? They favored the Irishmen.

    We have described all these abuses to show to the readers how electoral competition is conducted by the other party, which exerted all its efforts to make the polling places as dangerous as possible to citizens who wanted to vote against them.

    It is no wonder that a large number of Bohemians did not avail themselves 4of the opportunity to vote. The corrupt elements in our city will always be victorious until we do something to bring about a condition that will enable our citizens to vote freely and fearlessly.

    The Bohemian traitors. The mentioned events are not the only ones which helped the corrupt elements to victory in the 8th ward. We must say with shame that some of our own countrymen also helped. Some of these were businessmen, dependent on Bohemian customers. They publicly agitated in favor of Lawler, distributing pamphlets encouraging Bohemians to vote for Lawler. These businessmen sold their true conviction for a few paltry dollars. These people were not only traitors to their countrymen but a disgrace to the honor of our Bohemian race. They worked for a corrupt Lawler against an honest Bohemian, Kaspar.

    If an Irishman behaved himself the same way as these Bohemians did towards a countryman, you may be sure that the Irish countryman would remember it to the end of his life. But we are more tolerant, that's why the impudence of these traitors amongst us has no limits. If an Irish-Bohemian youth had been guilty 5of this kind of perfidy we would not have been surprised, but this was done by Bohemians whom we had respected until now, who should have taken into consideration the value of the friendship of their countrymen. We really do not know what to think about them. Such traitors are the major cause of the defeat of honest Bohemian candidates, and the instruments of victory for the corrupt element.

    They succeeded and the Bohemian citizens will be very thankful to them, because all citizens of the 8th ward know very well who they are.

    We expect that this time the electoral fight would be dreadful, but it exceeded all our expectations. A bunch of crooks in the City Council were entirely victorious again, thanks ...

    Bohemian
    I F 6, II E 1, I C