The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Svornost -- February 20, 1879
    [Pre-Election Activity of Bohemians]

    In view of this year's city and township elections, there is manifest a pleasing activity among Chicago Bohemians, not only, that they will vote as a bloc with the Socialist Party, but they are becoming members of this party so that they may participate more actively. The membership of the Bohemian section in the 6th Ward increased considerably and in the 8th Ward there was organized a section which 30 citizens joined immediately and which it is expected that all honorably minded working men and business men, of the ward will join at to-morrow's meeting. This section has called a mass-meeting for next Sunday to be held in the hall of "Telocvicna Jednoto Sokol" (Gymnastic Society Sokol). The regular meetings are held in the same hall on Fridays. Numerous countrymen of ours in the seventh ward are also thinking about organizing a Bohemian Section and are holding a meeting for that purpose in the private premises of Citizen Josef Kadic.

    Also numerous Bohemian citizens of the fourteenth ward are contemplating the organization of a Bohemian section either by the end of this week or early next week with many ardently active members, as enlightened citizens of the Northwest side agree throughout with the principles of the Socialist Labor Party.- We trust the numerous Bohemian citizens of the Southside, in the fifth ward, will not lag 2behind and we shall rejoice in the fact that we have five strong Bohemian Sections in the Socialist Party which will work for the realization of labor's just cause. If we glance backward in retrospect we must admit the opposition is stiffening. For a long time there has been only one Bohemian Section in our city, that was in the Sixth Ward, and its activities were limited because of a small membership. The appearance locally of leaflets, furious and slanderous, of some of the fallen leaders and their adherents helped to awaken the laboring classes more than some people think. For this same reason it is bringing together honest Bohemian citizens, who although they previously supported the principles of the Socialist Party did not actually become members of it.

    The movement which in this regard has among up among Chicago Bohemians is most welcome, because until now there never was among us such pre-election activity as at present. Would that our here-tofore inaction and unconcern had vanished, for we used to take no interest in public matters except before elections and then only to lapse into indifference again after elections.

    3

    Let us conscientiously attend lectures on Science and on Economics. Let us arrange public discussions, debating timely questions and let us appear in the election arena, fully prepared and decided on what action to take in order that we shall not be like a shall boat, which the waves of the political seas toss about at will.

    Activity! Ardent unselfish activity is for the good of all honestly sincere leaders among us.

    In view of this year's city and township elections, there is manifest a pleasing activity among Chicago Bohemians, not only, that they will vote as a bloc with the Socialist ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, II B 2 g, I E
  • Svornost -- March 24, 1879
    [Meeting of Bohemian Labor Section]

    The meeting called by the Bohemian Labor Section of the 8th Ward yesterday at the "Telocviene Jednoty Sokol" (Gymnastic Society Sokol) Hall was in all respects successful for the large spacious hall was overfilled, and the meeting was conducted in such an orderly manner as is seldom seen at political gatherings.

    The agent of the section Jiri Cvachoucek called the meeting to order and invited those present to elect a chairman and secretary. Mr. F. B. Zdrubek was elected chairman and Mr. F. Dvorak as Secretary. Citizen M. Baumrukr was the first speaker and expressed himself as very much pleased that the citizens of the 8th ward attended in such numbers in order to hear the Socialist candidates, of which he also is one. He said that he did not seek office of his own accord, but having submitted to the principles of the party and as the party picks its own servants he could not refuse to accept the candidacy. The next speaker was Harry Rubens, saying that friends of freedom are gathering together so they might decide how to bring about the end of slavery of labor. In the manner the Republican Party years ago worked to end slavery of Negroes, we now have a strong Socialist Party which is working to bring about the 2emancipation of White slaves. Our Bohemian ancesters in their time overthrew the office holders of Prague, forcing them out of office, and it would be to the advantage of us if we did likewise.

    Citizen Meilbek expressed himself over his happiness because of the unprecedented activity among Bohemians prededing this election and over the number of Bohemian Sections organized in the Socialist Party, and further dwelled on the Socialistic Movement which now encompasses the entire world. Citizen Vytlacil made a motion that "Svornost" be made the official publication of the Bohemian Workingman. This motion was unanimously accepted as excellent.

    After Citizen Kozak invited those present to join the Section the meeting was brought to a close.

    The meeting called by the Bohemian Labor Section of the 8th Ward yesterday at the "Telocviene Jednoty Sokol" (Gymnastic Society Sokol) Hall was in all respects successful for the large ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I E, IV
  • Svornost -- March 27, 1879
    [Socialist Labor Candidates Recommended]

    We urgently beg all of our countrymen who wish to have an honest administration in our city to work with utmost diligence to secure the election of the Socialist-Labor Party Candidates for office, at the coming elections. Do not remain away from the polling places. Induce those who would stay away to go and perform their duty as citizens. Particular attention should be directed toward the election of Aldermen in order that we may be able to announce the selection of at least four new Socialist Aldermen in the city council on Wednesday.

    All the candidates on the Socialist Labor Party Ticket are honest, experienced workers who will ardently support and work for the class from which they originate. Our countrymen, especially those living in the fifth ward are cautioned to let nothing mislead them but to unanimously vote for the nominated candidate T. J. Morgan. Mr. Morgan is deserving of the gratitude of the workingclasses of Chicago for his untiring efforts in helping them to organize. He is truly an honorable, educated man and an excellent speaker and most important of all, he is not a friend of the Gas Companies and other profiteering public utility companies.

    2

    The nominees of the other strongly Bohemian wards, namely the 6th, 7th, 8th and 14th are people who will bring honor to us in the city's Council Chambers and will serve us well. Attention is called to the fact that we will have specimen ballots for your guidance and we request you to examine and compare with our specimen ballot the ballot which you receive at the polling place.

    The Republicans and Democrats are expected to resort to strategic craftiness. They will have printed in addition to their own Socialist Ballots with the names of candidates either mispelled or disfigured. Failing to have you vote their ticket they may attempt to hand you one of these spoiled Socialist ballots so that your vote will be thrown out. So please be cautious.

    We urgently beg all of our countrymen who wish to have an honest administration in our city to work with utmost diligence to secure the election of the Socialist-Labor Party ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I D 1 a, I E
  • Svornost -- March 31, 1879
    Before the Battle.

    We stand today on the threshold of an important decision, whether our evil city government is to be continued; are we again to be surrendered to pillage by rapacious officeseekers and their numerous henchman or will we place in office honest responsible men, men of action, men, enthusiastic for the general welfare?

    Citizens there are four parties with full lists of candidates and you have plenty of material to choose from for the various offices. Republicans, Democrats, Socialists and Greenbackers come before you with their candidates asking for your support, promising more or less important things. Let us see however what happens to these preelection promises. Are they fulfilled? We answer, so far as the main issues are concerned, never. Did not the Republicans and Democrats promise you before each election, mountains and dales, did not they have mouths full of reform, did not they promise you, workingmen, that they would look after your needs, your interests? How did it turn out after election? It is needless to dwell upon for every child knows they kept none of their promises. They were concerned only with their own 2interests and those of the rich city plundering public utility companies. Many may object that a Socialist once elected may work otherwise, but previous experience and the sound elements from which the Socialist Labor Party is formed absolutely expel this thought.

    Our representatives in the State Legislature work in the interests of the working class and failing to achieve any apparent success, who is to blame for this- if not these Republicans and Democrats? In the city council we have so far only one representative of the Socialist Party, Citizen Fr. Stauber, and this representative of ours enjoys the confidence of all honorable citizens of Chicago. It was he that fought for the establishment of new schools, reading-rooms, public baths, and sewers in those districts of the city inhabited by the poorer classes of our citizens. He fought for the lighting and cleaning of streets in the neighborhoods peopled by working men. He endeavored to bring to the poor people, the same privileges which the rich tax dodgers enjoyed. Citizen Stauber worked sincerely and honorably and if he failed to enact our rightful demands, who again is to blame if not the 3Republicans and Democrats, these people who before election promised us endless reforms; then those, who believing the promises of these sharpers, elected them instead of honest socialists who are in sympathy with us. If we said nothing in behalf of our representative there would still remain one circumstance which assures him the grateful remembrance of all honorable taxpayers, and that is the conservation of over-payments in the amount of $300,000 on which the city accountant was drawing interest.

    Our officials have shown themselves to be honorable and would to God they remain so. Partly responsible for this is the fact that our candidates must agree to resign from office if the electorate desires it. Any one who wishes the reforms as shown in our principles should vote the Socialist ticket. He who wishes to support dishonesty, destructiveness and thievery should vote for the old parties, but should not moan afterward that he is being robbed.

    Our Ballot

    For Mayor--Ernest Schmidt; for City Treasurer--Fr. A. Stauber; for City Attorney--Harry Rubens: for City Clerk--Benjamin Sibley; For Aldermen--1st Ward-Nicolai H. Jorgensen; 2nd Ward--George A. Schilling; 3rd Ward-- H. L. Hull; 4th Ward--Louis Huth; 5th Ward--T. J. Morgan;

    4

    6th Ward--J. J. Altpeter; 7th Ward--Frank Bielefeldt; 8th Ward--Henry Stahl; 9th Ward S. R. Rratt; 10th Ward--Robert Beck; 11th Ward--Harry Johnson; 12th Ward--Maz Zelle; 13th Ward--George Braun; 14th Ward--Reinhold Lorenz; 15th Ward-John Feltes: 16th Ward-Christian Meier; 17th Ward--James Lynn; 18th Ward--D. Van Devanter.

    North Town Officers.

    Assessor--J. C. Warner; Collector--Theo A. Schwennesen; Clerk--John Soller; Supervisor P. Mc Fadden;

    South Town Officers

    Assessor--John Paulsen; Collector--Henry Schmidt; Clerk-- T. P. S. Dusey; Supervisor Tom Ryan.

    West Town Officers.

    Assessor--O; A. Bishop; Collector--Daniel Sullivan; Clerk--Jacob Dilg; Supervisor--Martin Baumrucker.

    We stand today on the threshold of an important decision, whether our evil city government is to be continued; are we again to be surrendered to pillage by rapacious officeseekers ...

    Bohemian
    I F 6, I D 1 a, I F 1, I F 3, I E
  • Svornost -- April 02, 1879
    After the Battle! Great Success of the Socialists!

    Further on officials of West and North Townships. J. Soukup- soundly defeated by the Bohemian vote. A. B. Chladek elected. The city Council elected is composed of 3 Socialists, 7 Republicans, 6 Democrats and 2 Independents. The Bohemians of the 6th Ward performed their duty. The Socialists cast more than 12,000 votes.

    The battle is over, we and many others shout today and now again we may be more at ease. Yesterday, a decisive battle was fought and with the partial results thus far apparent we can be satisfied. The participation of the voters this year was considerably greater than last year and the election as a whole had more life in it. In the whole there were more than 60,000 ballots cast.

    Workingmen of all nationalities, but especially Bohemians, made of yesterday a holiday and worked in all ways possible for our just cause.

    2

    The chief struggle was for the various City Offices and was decided in favor of the Democrats, who succeeded in electing the Mayor, the Treasurer, the City Attorney and the City Clerk with a considerable majority of votes. The remaining Democrats, with the exception of the North-town, will be victorious. In the West town the election ticket of one Soukup was defeated, also working against him were all the Bohemians. Mr. Adolph Chladek is again elected to the office which he previously held.

    The election judges in several wards permitted disorders and in the 7th ward the Irish riff-raff endeavored to prevent the voting of working men. It is unnecessary to add that Bohemians were unusually active this year: Many Bohemians worked with great diligence from morn till night passing out specimen ballots of the workingmen's party.

    The South-town results were as follows, for Assessor--Drake, Rep; for Collector--Reese, Rep; for Supervisor--Page, Rep; for Clerk--Schorek, Rep.

    3

    The West Town results were as follows:- for Assessor--Amick, Rep; for Collector--Dumphy, Dem; for Supervisor--Ward, Dem; for Clerk--Chladek, Dem; The North Town results were: for Assessor-- Chase, Dem; for Collector-- Niesen, Dem; Supervisor--Loftus, Dem; Clerk--Noyes, Dem.

    During yesterday's election, not all Bohemians worked with us. Some of them worked for the election of either Republicans or Democrats not through honest choice but because they were well paid. So far as we know a certain "Koukal" from 18th Street vote for the Republican Party after he received $1.00. A certain Vaclav Vtak or Hoffman, Fr. Hezonck, J. Roth and others in the 6th Ward worked against the election of the workingmen's candidates. Tomorrow or the next day we shall publish the names of all those who worked for our side and the names of all who were against us. Any one having reports of this nature should not forget to send them in to us.

    Further on officials of West and North Townships. J. Soukup- soundly defeated by the Bohemian vote. A. B. Chladek elected. The city Council elected is composed of 3 Socialists, 7 ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I F 4, I E
  • Svornost -- March 11, 1880
    To the Bohemian Voters of the 6th Ward

    It will hardly be amiss if at this time we remind the Bohemian Voters of the 6 Ward of the importance of the duty which the coming City Elections place upon them. In this ward, for the greater part Bohemian, where without the support of Bohemians and against their wishes no party can succeed in electing any candidate and where only because of the lack of interest on the part of the Bohemian element any kind of crook can be elected to the City Council, there has been unanimously nominated by the Socialist Labor Party a candidate who is well known to all of us, Citizen Martin Baumruker. Friends of Bohemian interests who consider it important that Bohemians should be represented worked sincerely in his behalf at the City convention and they were successful in silencing all voices which were raised in objection to him as a Bohemian. Even the German and American delegates who formerly worked against him, not knowing the strength of the Bohemians in the 6th ward and not recognizing the ability of the nominee are now enthusiastically for him, knowing, 2that he is a dignified representative of the Bohemian people in regards to honesty, energy and defense of the interests of the Labor Party. His election is almost a certainity if only his countrymen do not remain away from the polling places on election day and provided they attend meetings before election day conscientiously, where our battle lines are to be set up and preparations made against all opponents, who ordinarily vote only for the glass of liquor or for the few dollars which they receive, and who no doubt, as in the past, will try with their utmost to elect to the city offices those who know how to steal enough in their various offices to be able to pay for their reelection at the expiration of the term.

    We are confident that the Bohemian citizens of the 6th ward are well informed for they have proven so on more than one occasion. We know that the Bohemian citizenry wishes to support all things which are good and especially so when we are concerned with the election of a Bohemian candidate whom all honor and toward whom, among all his countrymen in the ward, there is probably not one unfriendly.

    3

    We must not forget that it is important for every citizen to attend pre-election meetings, where everything possible is being done to insure our success at the polls. Not that it is necessary for anyone to verify for himself the character of the candidate, for he is known to everyone who takes any interest in public matters, but so that the disinterested persons might be aroused and encouraged to activity so that a successful conclusion might be reached.

    It has always been a sad picture for Bohemians of this important ward, when so few of them participate in these meetings, leaving the task of recommending and supporting a Bohemian candidate to Americans and Germans.

    Any one at all interested in the outcome of the election should come, and even though he does not make use of flowery phrases and make lengthy speeches, he will at least through his presence make it known that it is of importance to him to have the Bohemian candidate elected. Thus far there are many complaints about the feeble attendance of Bohemians at these meetings and strangers lay it to indifference on our part, but if it should continue on in this manner there can be no doubt but that they too will lose their enthusiasm, seeing 4that we show none where the election concerns us most.

    But this must not happen. Surely we will not forget ourselves so far as to neglect our honor and our own national interests. Surely every enlightehed person will take time to attend these encouraging meetings and then to cast his vote at election time.

    We will not permit it to be said that we ourselves have not upheld our honor and leadership, that we do not value the work which has been undertaken these many years, especially now when it should show some accomplishment for our cause in a victory for our candidate.

    Therefore Bohemians of the Sixth Ward, altogether now, To work.

    It will hardly be amiss if at this time we remind the Bohemian Voters of the 6 Ward of the importance of the duty which the coming City Elections place ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I F 4, I C
  • Svornost -- July 06, 1880
    Bohemian Political Club

    Last Sunday at a private meeting of several Bohemian citizens of the Republican, Democratic and Socialist Parties, there was organized a Bohemian Political Club. The main purpose of this meeting was to discover if possible, ways and means of injecting more life into the political activity of the Bohemians in Chicago, so that the lack of interest prevailing in the past might be overcome and that we might prove ourselves to be a live political force which is to be reckoned with and respected by other nationalities.

    The main objective of this club is to protect the interests of Bohemians and to achieve such strength as to assure the election of Bohemians into the various city offices, where they are needed so that we will not have to beg for our lawful rights.

    It was decided to call two public meetings of Bohemians, one on Saturday night in "Tel. Jed. Sokol" (Gymnastic Union Sokol) hall, the second to be held early next week in the 6th Ward.

    2

    To these meetings will be invited all citizens, without regard to political parties, so that there might be a public discussion as to what would be the best for all concerned and whether there is a possibility of uniting all forces in the interest of the Bohemian nationality. For the purpose of calling these meetings a committee of three citizens was appointed, Fr. Kohout, Fr. Stejskal and A. Pregler. They were instructed to announce the meetings and procure the necessary halls as reasonably as possible.

    Last Sunday at a private meeting of several Bohemian citizens of the Republican, Democratic and Socialist Parties, there was organized a Bohemian Political Club. The main purpose of this meeting ...

    Bohemian
    I F 2, I F 1, I F 4
  • Svornost -- October 25, 1880
    "Meeting of Bohemian Citizens of the 6th Ward"

    The meeting of the citizens of the 6th ward, which was held last night on the premises of citizen Proshazka, was fairly well attended. This is a good sign that Bohemians in this neighborhood are taking an active part in our preparation for the ensuing elections. The meeting was called to order by citizen Lajer. Citizen K. Foucek was elected chairman and citizen Lajer, as secretary. On request citizen Lajer spoke of the reason why workingmen are and should be Socialists and he recommended for the coming elections the entire list of candidates as put up by the Socialist Party, and especially citizen Meilbek, who has previously held the office, which he now seeks, with the greatest ability... Citizen Bartusek drew comparisons between the activity of Socialists in Bohemia and the activity of local Socialists, deploring local inactivity.

    He further expressed himself as very much pleased with today's attendance and hopes that election day will find us well organized. He spoke against the leaders of both major parties and warmly recommended the candidates of the workingmen.

    2

    It was decided that those wishing to obtain citizenship papers should appear at 9:00 A. M. Tuesday at citizen Prochazka's place.

    The meeting of the citizens of the 6th ward, which was held last night on the premises of citizen Proshazka, was fairly well attended. This is a good sign that ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, III A, I E
  • Svornost -- February 21, 1882
    Wanted: a Bohemian Alderman in the 6th Ward

    We have heard this wish expressed for the past six or seven years or more, but so far there has been nothing much accomplished in this regard. On April 4th the citizens of Chicago will elect eighteen aldermen to the City Council, and here is added again, that the Bohemian Citizens of the 6th ward again are making it known that they want their ward, which is settled by Bohemians nostly, represented in the City Council by a Bohemian. This time it was our countrymen in the lime quarry section who took the initial steps toward the accomplishment of their desires.

    They held a public meeting on the premises of Mr. A. Skvora and resolved to support unanimously a Bohemian candidate and already they have picked a man whom they intend to carry through victoriously in the coming election. He is Mr. Josef Lalak, who has lived in America since he was nine years old and is well-known, not only among our own countrymen, but to the public of other nationalities.

    We take it for granted, that there will be meetings in other precincts of the 6th ward soon, in order to decide about the coming election, whether 2a candidate should be set up in opposition to the renowned Ed. Cullerton, who, to secure his election again, is fighting tooth and nail. If a Bohemian candidate is to be offered it is desirable that all factions in the 6th ward come to some understanding soon. With that we add that a second independent political meeting will be held on Sunday, February 26, on the premises of Mr. Skvora.

    We have heard this wish expressed for the past six or seven years or more, but so far there has been nothing much accomplished in this regard. On April 4th ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I F 5
  • Svornost -- April 12, 1882
    Politics and Chicago Bohemians.

    Some time ago - Pokrok Zapadv (Western Progress) reproached Chicago Bohemians, asserting that they take no part in political movements and, thereby, have absolutely no political influence or representation in office.

    The reproach of the above named paper, so far as it concerns the indifference of Chicago Bohemians is in large part true.

    What truth, or, better said untruth, was included in the second part of the accusation, we have proved before, and therefore need not prove again.

    Chicago Bohemians of late have acquired quite satisfactory representation, though the successes were all accidental and brought about by miscellaneous circumstances.

    In comparison with previous years, Chicago Bohemians can boast of fitting representation in public administrative bodies and offices; however, it is not meant thereby that this representation is such as it could be - or shouldbe.

    2

    It is an undeniable fact that we could carry a remarkably decisive word in local political circles, a word that would bring us remarkable successes, if we would only hang up our blasted carelessness and indifference, and awaken to a full realization of our own strength.

    For many years Chicago Bohemians carried on the battle to elect a city councilman from their midst, notwithstanding, various previous efforts met with failure. Why? Because there was no strong organization among us, because we went into battle with a powerful foe equipped with money and other advantages, with only insignificant financial means and without the necessary preparation.

    Ordinarily we drummed up two or three meetings during a period of 14 days; about three weeks before election after lengthy pulling back and forth a candidate was nominated, several distributors of election tickets were appointed and that was about all that was done - that was our entire preparation.

    3

    Whoever wanted to voted; whoever didn't care to vote stayed at home.

    There were many, who for various reasons, mostly personal, did not want to vote for a Bohemian nominee and the result of all this was that our candidate was always defeated.

    It is plainly evident from this that we are not politically mature and awakened. Still more, however, by the circumstance that even at the time when our Bohemian candidate, Mr. Martin Baumruker, was actually elected, we permitted ourselves to be robbed of our victory instead of defending our rights to the furthest limits by lawful means, as it was done that same year, in like circumstances by the citizens of the 14th ward, helping their defrauded candidate Stauber to his place in the council, to which he was entitled.

    Chicago has about 30,000 inhabitants of Bohemian nationality. Such numerical strength could accomplish something, if it were well orgainized, well managed and directed. Now we are in a post-election period and the next very important city election, at which there will be elected the Mayor and other high city officials; we have remaining a full year.

    4

    These elections should not find us unprepared, indifferent and careless, as has thus far happened.

    The work of organization of the various Chicago voters should already be in progress, such an organization, as would necessarily do honor, and gain as many concessions as possible for us from both political parties. It is not an impossible task. A little good will on all sides,and continuance of activity toward the purpose throughout the year, would overcome all obstacles, and before a year had passed Chicago Bohemians could appear before other nationalities and demand that which, by all right, belongs to them.

    We want to work for a thorough organization of Bohemian voters, and we hope that, in this work, we shall receive the earnest support of all those favorably minded. This will suffice for today.

    Some time ago - Pokrok Zapadv (Western Progress) reproached Chicago Bohemians, asserting that they take no part in political movements and, thereby, have absolutely no political influence or representation in ...

    Bohemian
    I F 4, I F 1, I C