The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

Filter by Date

  • Svornost -- June 03, 1878
    Local News

    Local Socialists held a mass meeting yesterday at 31st and Halsted Streets. About 3000 people were present. Speaking was in several languages.

    The gathering quietly dispersed afterward.

    Local Socialists held a mass meeting yesterday at 31st and Halsted Streets. About 3000 people were present. Speaking was in several languages. The gathering quietly dispersed afterward.

    Bohemian
    I E, I F 2, I C
  • Svornost -- June 26, 1878
    [Meeting of Socialist Party in Sixth Ward]

    All members of the Socialist Labor party of the 6th Ward are requested to attend a meeting Thursday, June 27th at 8:00 P.M. at 130 Canalport Avenue.

    Bohemians are also invited as there will be important matters discussed.

    P. Hudek-Agent.

    All members of the Socialist Labor party of the 6th Ward are requested to attend a meeting Thursday, June 27th at 8:00 P.M. at 130 Canalport Avenue. Bohemians are also ...

    Bohemian
    I F 2, I E, IV
  • Svornost -- September 04, 1878
    Cesti socialiste (Bohemian Socialists)

    Yesterday's meeting of Bohemian Socialists in the 6th Ward was well attended. Martin Bamruker acted as chairman and J. Beran as secretary. The old agitation committee reported on its accomplishments. Report was accepted.

    The new committee appointed is as follows: First Section, L. Meilbek, Matej Lestina and Jan Baumruker; Second Section, Citizens Pavel, Hloucal and Svehla. Leo Meilbek was appointed agent of the Section.

    Several candidates endorsed for County and State office.

    Yesterday's meeting of Bohemian Socialists in the 6th Ward was well attended. Martin Bamruker acted as chairman and J. Beran as secretary. The old agitation committee reported on its accomplishments. ...

    Bohemian
    I F 2, I E, IV
  • Svornost -- February 20, 1879
    [Pre-Election Activity of Bohemians]

    In view of this year's city and township elections, there is manifest a pleasing activity among Chicago Bohemians, not only, that they will vote as a bloc with the Socialist Party, but they are becoming members of this party so that they may participate more actively. The membership of the Bohemian section in the 6th Ward increased considerably and in the 8th Ward there was organized a section which 30 citizens joined immediately and which it is expected that all honorably minded working men and business men, of the ward will join at to-morrow's meeting. This section has called a mass-meeting for next Sunday to be held in the hall of "Telocvicna Jednoto Sokol" (Gymnastic Society Sokol). The regular meetings are held in the same hall on Fridays. Numerous countrymen of ours in the seventh ward are also thinking about organizing a Bohemian Section and are holding a meeting for that purpose in the private premises of Citizen Josef Kadic.

    Also numerous Bohemian citizens of the fourteenth ward are contemplating the organization of a Bohemian section either by the end of this week or early next week with many ardently active members, as enlightened citizens of the Northwest side agree throughout with the principles of the Socialist Labor Party.- We trust the numerous Bohemian citizens of the Southside, in the fifth ward, will not lag 2behind and we shall rejoice in the fact that we have five strong Bohemian Sections in the Socialist Party which will work for the realization of labor's just cause. If we glance backward in retrospect we must admit the opposition is stiffening. For a long time there has been only one Bohemian Section in our city, that was in the Sixth Ward, and its activities were limited because of a small membership. The appearance locally of leaflets, furious and slanderous, of some of the fallen leaders and their adherents helped to awaken the laboring classes more than some people think. For this same reason it is bringing together honest Bohemian citizens, who although they previously supported the principles of the Socialist Party did not actually become members of it.

    The movement which in this regard has among up among Chicago Bohemians is most welcome, because until now there never was among us such pre-election activity as at present. Would that our here-tofore inaction and unconcern had vanished, for we used to take no interest in public matters except before elections and then only to lapse into indifference again after elections.

    3

    Let us conscientiously attend lectures on Science and on Economics. Let us arrange public discussions, debating timely questions and let us appear in the election arena, fully prepared and decided on what action to take in order that we shall not be like a shall boat, which the waves of the political seas toss about at will.

    Activity! Ardent unselfish activity is for the good of all honestly sincere leaders among us.

    In view of this year's city and township elections, there is manifest a pleasing activity among Chicago Bohemians, not only, that they will vote as a bloc with the Socialist ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, II B 2 g, I E
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- February 24, 1879
    Bohemian [Socialists]

    It is a well-established fact that the late Polish legislature became notorious for noise and disorder. Yesterday our Bohemian fellow citizens proved that they are well able to give competition to Polish raucousness. A large crowd filled the Bohemian Turnhalle. Dense tobacco smoke wafted over the excited assembly, and frenzied words in Bohemian--quite capable of twisting German tongues by the mere sound of them--interrupted the speaker continually. A serious topic was under discussion.

    At last the banished Socialists from Libuse's domain discovered a method of successfully attacking the accursed capitalists. It is a splendid idea. Macchiavelli is a mere tyro in comparison with our Bohemian fellow citizens, who decided definitely not to patronize any businessman who advertises in Republican or Democratic newspapers.

    To be fair, however, we must record here that a part of the assembly would not 2subscribe to this movement, that there was intense opposition, and that the speaker extracted from his pocket a loaded revolver, with which he threatened the editor of the Sokol, who was taking notes on the speech.

    We shall not burden the reader with a detailed report of the various speeches, but it may be said that the whole affair was a glorious example of the well-known expression,

    " 'Much squealing and little wool,' said the devil, as he sheared a pig."

    It is a well-established fact that the late Polish legislature became notorious for noise and disorder. Yesterday our Bohemian fellow citizens proved that they are well able to give competition ...

    Bohemian
    I E
  • Svornost -- March 24, 1879
    [Meeting of Bohemian Labor Section]

    The meeting called by the Bohemian Labor Section of the 8th Ward yesterday at the "Telocviene Jednoty Sokol" (Gymnastic Society Sokol) Hall was in all respects successful for the large spacious hall was overfilled, and the meeting was conducted in such an orderly manner as is seldom seen at political gatherings.

    The agent of the section Jiri Cvachoucek called the meeting to order and invited those present to elect a chairman and secretary. Mr. F. B. Zdrubek was elected chairman and Mr. F. Dvorak as Secretary. Citizen M. Baumrukr was the first speaker and expressed himself as very much pleased that the citizens of the 8th ward attended in such numbers in order to hear the Socialist candidates, of which he also is one. He said that he did not seek office of his own accord, but having submitted to the principles of the party and as the party picks its own servants he could not refuse to accept the candidacy. The next speaker was Harry Rubens, saying that friends of freedom are gathering together so they might decide how to bring about the end of slavery of labor. In the manner the Republican Party years ago worked to end slavery of Negroes, we now have a strong Socialist Party which is working to bring about the 2emancipation of White slaves. Our Bohemian ancesters in their time overthrew the office holders of Prague, forcing them out of office, and it would be to the advantage of us if we did likewise.

    Citizen Meilbek expressed himself over his happiness because of the unprecedented activity among Bohemians prededing this election and over the number of Bohemian Sections organized in the Socialist Party, and further dwelled on the Socialistic Movement which now encompasses the entire world. Citizen Vytlacil made a motion that "Svornost" be made the official publication of the Bohemian Workingman. This motion was unanimously accepted as excellent.

    After Citizen Kozak invited those present to join the Section the meeting was brought to a close.

    The meeting called by the Bohemian Labor Section of the 8th Ward yesterday at the "Telocviene Jednoty Sokol" (Gymnastic Society Sokol) Hall was in all respects successful for the large ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I E, IV
  • Svornost -- March 27, 1879
    [Socialist Labor Candidates Recommended]

    We urgently beg all of our countrymen who wish to have an honest administration in our city to work with utmost diligence to secure the election of the Socialist-Labor Party Candidates for office, at the coming elections. Do not remain away from the polling places. Induce those who would stay away to go and perform their duty as citizens. Particular attention should be directed toward the election of Aldermen in order that we may be able to announce the selection of at least four new Socialist Aldermen in the city council on Wednesday.

    All the candidates on the Socialist Labor Party Ticket are honest, experienced workers who will ardently support and work for the class from which they originate. Our countrymen, especially those living in the fifth ward are cautioned to let nothing mislead them but to unanimously vote for the nominated candidate T. J. Morgan. Mr. Morgan is deserving of the gratitude of the workingclasses of Chicago for his untiring efforts in helping them to organize. He is truly an honorable, educated man and an excellent speaker and most important of all, he is not a friend of the Gas Companies and other profiteering public utility companies.

    2

    The nominees of the other strongly Bohemian wards, namely the 6th, 7th, 8th and 14th are people who will bring honor to us in the city's Council Chambers and will serve us well. Attention is called to the fact that we will have specimen ballots for your guidance and we request you to examine and compare with our specimen ballot the ballot which you receive at the polling place.

    The Republicans and Democrats are expected to resort to strategic craftiness. They will have printed in addition to their own Socialist Ballots with the names of candidates either mispelled or disfigured. Failing to have you vote their ticket they may attempt to hand you one of these spoiled Socialist ballots so that your vote will be thrown out. So please be cautious.

    We urgently beg all of our countrymen who wish to have an honest administration in our city to work with utmost diligence to secure the election of the Socialist-Labor Party ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I D 1 a, I E
  • Svornost -- March 31, 1879
    Before the Battle.

    We stand today on the threshold of an important decision, whether our evil city government is to be continued; are we again to be surrendered to pillage by rapacious officeseekers and their numerous henchman or will we place in office honest responsible men, men of action, men, enthusiastic for the general welfare?

    Citizens there are four parties with full lists of candidates and you have plenty of material to choose from for the various offices. Republicans, Democrats, Socialists and Greenbackers come before you with their candidates asking for your support, promising more or less important things. Let us see however what happens to these preelection promises. Are they fulfilled? We answer, so far as the main issues are concerned, never. Did not the Republicans and Democrats promise you before each election, mountains and dales, did not they have mouths full of reform, did not they promise you, workingmen, that they would look after your needs, your interests? How did it turn out after election? It is needless to dwell upon for every child knows they kept none of their promises. They were concerned only with their own 2interests and those of the rich city plundering public utility companies. Many may object that a Socialist once elected may work otherwise, but previous experience and the sound elements from which the Socialist Labor Party is formed absolutely expel this thought.

    Our representatives in the State Legislature work in the interests of the working class and failing to achieve any apparent success, who is to blame for this- if not these Republicans and Democrats? In the city council we have so far only one representative of the Socialist Party, Citizen Fr. Stauber, and this representative of ours enjoys the confidence of all honorable citizens of Chicago. It was he that fought for the establishment of new schools, reading-rooms, public baths, and sewers in those districts of the city inhabited by the poorer classes of our citizens. He fought for the lighting and cleaning of streets in the neighborhoods peopled by working men. He endeavored to bring to the poor people, the same privileges which the rich tax dodgers enjoyed. Citizen Stauber worked sincerely and honorably and if he failed to enact our rightful demands, who again is to blame if not the 3Republicans and Democrats, these people who before election promised us endless reforms; then those, who believing the promises of these sharpers, elected them instead of honest socialists who are in sympathy with us. If we said nothing in behalf of our representative there would still remain one circumstance which assures him the grateful remembrance of all honorable taxpayers, and that is the conservation of over-payments in the amount of $300,000 on which the city accountant was drawing interest.

    Our officials have shown themselves to be honorable and would to God they remain so. Partly responsible for this is the fact that our candidates must agree to resign from office if the electorate desires it. Any one who wishes the reforms as shown in our principles should vote the Socialist ticket. He who wishes to support dishonesty, destructiveness and thievery should vote for the old parties, but should not moan afterward that he is being robbed.

    Our Ballot

    For Mayor--Ernest Schmidt; for City Treasurer--Fr. A. Stauber; for City Attorney--Harry Rubens: for City Clerk--Benjamin Sibley; For Aldermen--1st Ward-Nicolai H. Jorgensen; 2nd Ward--George A. Schilling; 3rd Ward-- H. L. Hull; 4th Ward--Louis Huth; 5th Ward--T. J. Morgan;

    4

    6th Ward--J. J. Altpeter; 7th Ward--Frank Bielefeldt; 8th Ward--Henry Stahl; 9th Ward S. R. Rratt; 10th Ward--Robert Beck; 11th Ward--Harry Johnson; 12th Ward--Maz Zelle; 13th Ward--George Braun; 14th Ward--Reinhold Lorenz; 15th Ward-John Feltes: 16th Ward-Christian Meier; 17th Ward--James Lynn; 18th Ward--D. Van Devanter.

    North Town Officers.

    Assessor--J. C. Warner; Collector--Theo A. Schwennesen; Clerk--John Soller; Supervisor P. Mc Fadden;

    South Town Officers

    Assessor--John Paulsen; Collector--Henry Schmidt; Clerk-- T. P. S. Dusey; Supervisor Tom Ryan.

    West Town Officers.

    Assessor--O; A. Bishop; Collector--Daniel Sullivan; Clerk--Jacob Dilg; Supervisor--Martin Baumrucker.

    We stand today on the threshold of an important decision, whether our evil city government is to be continued; are we again to be surrendered to pillage by rapacious officeseekers ...

    Bohemian
    I F 6, I D 1 a, I F 1, I F 3, I E
  • Svornost -- April 02, 1879
    After the Battle! Great Success of the Socialists!

    Further on officials of West and North Townships. J. Soukup- soundly defeated by the Bohemian vote. A. B. Chladek elected. The city Council elected is composed of 3 Socialists, 7 Republicans, 6 Democrats and 2 Independents. The Bohemians of the 6th Ward performed their duty. The Socialists cast more than 12,000 votes.

    The battle is over, we and many others shout today and now again we may be more at ease. Yesterday, a decisive battle was fought and with the partial results thus far apparent we can be satisfied. The participation of the voters this year was considerably greater than last year and the election as a whole had more life in it. In the whole there were more than 60,000 ballots cast.

    Workingmen of all nationalities, but especially Bohemians, made of yesterday a holiday and worked in all ways possible for our just cause.

    2

    The chief struggle was for the various City Offices and was decided in favor of the Democrats, who succeeded in electing the Mayor, the Treasurer, the City Attorney and the City Clerk with a considerable majority of votes. The remaining Democrats, with the exception of the North-town, will be victorious. In the West town the election ticket of one Soukup was defeated, also working against him were all the Bohemians. Mr. Adolph Chladek is again elected to the office which he previously held.

    The election judges in several wards permitted disorders and in the 7th ward the Irish riff-raff endeavored to prevent the voting of working men. It is unnecessary to add that Bohemians were unusually active this year: Many Bohemians worked with great diligence from morn till night passing out specimen ballots of the workingmen's party.

    The South-town results were as follows, for Assessor--Drake, Rep; for Collector--Reese, Rep; for Supervisor--Page, Rep; for Clerk--Schorek, Rep.

    3

    The West Town results were as follows:- for Assessor--Amick, Rep; for Collector--Dumphy, Dem; for Supervisor--Ward, Dem; for Clerk--Chladek, Dem; The North Town results were: for Assessor-- Chase, Dem; for Collector-- Niesen, Dem; Supervisor--Loftus, Dem; Clerk--Noyes, Dem.

    During yesterday's election, not all Bohemians worked with us. Some of them worked for the election of either Republicans or Democrats not through honest choice but because they were well paid. So far as we know a certain "Koukal" from 18th Street vote for the Republican Party after he received $1.00. A certain Vaclav Vtak or Hoffman, Fr. Hezonck, J. Roth and others in the 6th Ward worked against the election of the workingmen's candidates. Tomorrow or the next day we shall publish the names of all those who worked for our side and the names of all who were against us. Any one having reports of this nature should not forget to send them in to us.

    Further on officials of West and North Townships. J. Soukup- soundly defeated by the Bohemian vote. A. B. Chladek elected. The city Council elected is composed of 3 Socialists, 7 ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I F 4, I E
  • Svornost -- April 21, 1879
    [The Sophistry of Politicians]

    To be a politican is with every citizen who understands politics a serious business. It creates respect, dignity and character; in general it makes the man.

    It is flattering and pleasant to sit among the leaders in political meetings, to be able to speak before others, to be welcomed with eagerness and expectation, to be the leader of the thought of those other non-political dullards or indifferent citizens, to whom there can be occasionally made when elections require it, nice speeches, in which the opposition is roundly berated and the favored candidates greatly praised, and some trumps played to flatter the poor foolish people, several thrusts can be made against the powerful and the wealthy, so it will appear we are in a free country and no one will make anything of it, thus we have a politician and that which he does is called politics, yes high politics. What are the purposes and principles of this kind of politics? Not one of these politicians asks or cares about that. He is simply a politician, he works for some candidate of his party. Does he receive any pay? No, he even helps pay the expenses of the election in the expectation of some other kind of reward or favor. From force of habit he 2will berate the opposition party according to what he has learned from his party literature and no more. To inquire further as to the principles of such politics, what they lead to, and whether they are for the benefit of the people; does not enter such a politician's mind.

    Let us examine a little more closely these politicians and their brand of politics. We shall learn how much despised is the citizen, who blindly goes along with his party, from force of habit, who allows himself to be threatened by the politicians as though his redemption depended upon that particular party. Just what is this American system of politics, either Republican or Democratic, other than the defense and upholding of the interests of the ruling classes, the capitalistic groups and their methods for the oppression of all who are dependent on them? We have in the United States a ruling class and a laboring class. The politics of both the major political parties tends only to preserve and protect the interests of the oppressive ruling classes. Nowhere, not even in Congress or the various State Legislatures nor in the City Councils is anything done by which the interests of the laboring classes would be protected. It seems as though this class, has no rights, needs no consideration, has no needs and no desires.- 3even so a just government should strive to benefit and satisfy the majority of its citizens. Both of the national parties make use of shameful hypocrisy for the accomplishment of their aims, namely, that all their laws and efforts pretend always to be for the protection of freedom and rights of the masses but ordinarily all their laws for the preservation of this freedom prove to be the opposite thereof, and if by any chance this law should happen to be good then they disregard it and let it become a dead letter. Therefore the people again have nothing by which they may benefit. That is politics and to that end the politicians labor. Both the political parties of the country set up platforms made up of the old worn out empty phrases, absolutely meaningless, promising nothing, in fact accomplishing nothing. They decorate them with nice flattering rhetoric for their own party and abuse and reproach for the other party. Then they add a promise of good times to come as soon as the party and its candidates are elected. This then is called politics. The politician who knows how to picture it, knows how to be non-committal, knows how to 4pass out a great deal of nonsense, both national and political, is then in a position to be among the leaders and may seek some office to repay him for the many years of loyal service he gave to his party. The citizens then accept these same platforms as though they were some kind of valuable jewels, entitled to respect and veneration like some holy writ; they dont realize that by means of these smooth artifices they are led by these same political leaders, to vote for them, thereby helping them to attain some office which they have probably sought for years. This is politics as played by politicians. It is politics, to endeavor to hold an independent people in spiritual dependence and submission to the high political leaders. All of which, called humbug in America, is the privilege of politicians.

    What are the politics of the laboring class against these conditions? Their politics are not primarily to seek personal profit and benefit or election to some office, but to endeavor first of all to bring about that equality and justice for all who are now being ground down by oppression under the present system. Labors politics must refrain from all political humbug and underhandedness and must endeavor 5toward, education and enlightenment, the emancipation from subjection, the spiritual awakening of independent thought on political matters in order to recognize the causes of unrest and dissatisfaction among the people and to work for the accomplishment of means to bring about the equality and justice so necessary to the peace and satisfaction of all the people.

    Labor politics consider all previous major political parties as a drawback to progress. Therefore it must not lower itself to the same trickery and machination which they used to carry out their principles.

    To join with them would be to lower and destroy the principles of justice and equality. Labor's politics must overcome all that is evil and unjust no matter where it is found and support all things that are just and for the benefit of all . For these reasons any sensible man may support the labor party for the interests of this party are the interests of all honest people whether they be laborers, mechanica, businessmen or farmers.

    To be a politican is with every citizen who understands politics a serious business. It creates respect, dignity and character; in general it makes the man. It is flattering and ...

    Bohemian
    I F 3, I F 6, I E