The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 03, 1871
    [German Anticlericals Publish a Book]

    "Der Priesterspiegel" (The Priests' Mirror), Mysteries of the Roman Catholic Church, one of the works of the late editor of "Die Fackel", S. Ludwigh, is being sold by Mr. Louis Kind, house-painter, 22 Dusold Street, in commission for the widow Ludwigh who in this way tries to provide for her family. All who would like to combine the acquisition of a book of recognized interest with a good deed, all associations, especially the Turners, the Labor Unions, etc, should please get in touch with Herr Kind.

    "Der Priesterspiegel" (The Priests' Mirror), Mysteries of the Roman Catholic Church, one of the works of the late editor of "Die Fackel", S. Ludwigh, is being sold by Mr. Louis ...

    German
    II B 2 d 3, III C
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 20, 1871
    Germans to the Front!

    The strangest concession which recently has been made by the American press to German spirit and solid vigor we find in an editorial of the Chicago Evening Post under the headline "The Restoration of Germany".

    After pointing to the elements of a higher civilization and genuine popular freedom he finds that in the newly founded German Empire, he makes the following application to American conditions"...."At last the Germans have become conscious of their strength and we hope much good from that for American politics. We are far from wishing to emphasize racial differences....however we stand just now in a crisis regarding our fate, caused by the impudent encroachment of a foreign (Irish) nationality which, brought up in ignorance and living in undisciplined sensuality, has gained, thanks to its priests and its demagogues, absolute domination over the biggest state in the Union...Now the time has come for the Germans to assert themselves as Teutons (as against the Celtic element of our population)...and to save true freedom and civilization just as their brothers on the other side of the bigpond did when they annihilated the corrupt and degenerate Caesarism of the Gaul gang".

    2

    According to this the Americans wish the Germans to help them to get rid of Irish mob rule, and this may very well be accomplished if only the Americans themselves will collaborate, and will exercise their right to vote. However, it is well-known that the majority of the well-to-do Americans abstain from voting and completely ignore politics. Wealth has throttled the voice of patriotism; the successive luxury and frivolity of our so-called higher (i. e. wealthier) classes has produced an enervation which abominates any exertion.

    The fate of New York will engulf all the cities of the Union if it is not checked while there is time. The rising of the German masses throughout the country has the effect of a tonic on the weakened American nerves - which, it is true, hardly twenty years back found themselves insulted by the smell of German sauerkraut and were irritated (in the years 1854 and 1855) to the point of an attack of "know-nothing" fever. However, we may forget this and we have long since forgiven it.

    3

    That the inevitable antagonism of the Celtic and the Germanic races will lead on American soil, too, to bloody encounters that, at the moment, can still be doubted. But that this battle may be fought in a dignified way to the end that the Americans themselves could greatly contribute, if they will accept our counsel and introduce the German language into all public schools in this country. The removal of all sectarian elements from our free schools will further form a main fortress against the encroachments of all kinds of bigoted sects. The priests ("Pfaffen") at all times have been the first ones to weld the yoke of despotism to the neck of a free people, because the unfree spirit of the uneducated individual eagerly surrenders to the belief in a freely invented super-natural.

    Give us free schools and the limping devil retreats. The free spirit finds the free God without help.

    The strangest concession which recently has been made by the American press to German spirit and solid vigor we find in an editorial of the Chicago Evening Post under the ...

    German
    I C, I A 1 a, III C
  • Chicago Times -- May 22, 1871
    The Baptist Home Mission Society.

    The thirty-ninth annual meeting of the American Home society was held at Farwell hall on Saturday.

    The Germans

    Mr. Goebelman spoke for the German population. He pointed out that there are five million Germans in this country who should have the gospel preached to them, as they will have much to do with the future destiny of the land. Their influence will become stronger every year. It is vain to whine about their Sabbath breaking proclivities, without doing something to meet them.

    They are intelligent, and should be directed in the proper direction. The majority are not infidels, but might be called indifferentists. The only way to reach them is to preach to them through their own language. The emergency should be met by the enlargement of the German branch of the home mission.

    The thirty-ninth annual meeting of the American Home society was held at Farwell hall on Saturday. The Germans Mr. Goebelman spoke for the German population. He pointed out that there ...

    German
    III C, III B 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 26, 1871
    [Attitudes of Native American Clergy to the German-Americans]

    The American clergy regards the majority of the German-Americans as "hopeless" and they are quite right...

    The German usually dies in the denomination in which he was born, even if only for the reason that he does not take the trouble to formally separate himself from it. The coolness toward all religion is a characteristic trait that until now has deterred the American sectarian propaganda from any systematic attack on the Germans.... But now at the recent meeting of the Baptist Bible and Publishing company, it has been resolved to bombard the German infidels with Baptist tracts...Ads. Reed from Minnesota expressed terrible fear of the German infidels. He thought that of 5 million Germans, 4 millions had habits which he regarded as"immoral" (meaning of course, the Sunday habits and the beer)...The Chicago Times adds the following effusion of its ire. "The attreistic German element in the North is being let alone, even though it undermines the fundaments of the Sabbath, makes beer drunkards respectable and slowly but surely it honeycombs the North with its infidelity. Here is a really good occasion for people who geniunely care about religious influence,2and yet ten dollars are being spent in the South for the conversion of a Negro, where hardly one is used for the Germans."

    We see in the wrath of the Times a compliment to the Germans and a recognition of the positiveness of their character.

    The American clergy regards the majority of the German-Americans as "hopeless" and they are quite right... The German usually dies in the denomination in which he was born, even if ...

    German
    I B 2, III C
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- July 13, 1871
    The Battle in "New York"

    Only a few week's back we remarked that the City of New York had in its Irish population an element of anarchy and bloody reign of terror as frightful as the Communists of Paris, and that it only needed an occasion to produce a volcanic eruption of this element... New York was on July 12th the theater of a street battle that only for one reason did not go quite to the length of the appalling July fight in 1863; namely, that the authorities were prepared, and held plenty of police and militia in readiness...Rumor spoke already in the afternoon of 170 killed and wounded...This street battle will have one regrettable and one gratifying result. The one to be regretted will be the revival of Protestant, nativist hatred against the Catholics. Not the Catholicism of the Hibernians, but their bestiality has driven them to this bloody riot. In the whole country there is not one German, or American, yes not even a single, some what educated Irish Catholic who would feel any sympathy for the two legged beasts who made the streets of New York their battle field. Especially in regard to the German Catholics, the Union yesterday in an excellent article(we surmise, from the pen of a Catholic priest) has expressed its attitude in the most unequivocal terms. However, all that will not prevent 2the inherited hatred of the Anglo-Americans against the "Papists" to draw new substance from the events of yesterday. This is regrettable.

    The gratifying result is the exposure of the appalling brutality and bestial spite with which the classes that rule New York are filled. For these accursed brutes of whom, for the best of the country, as many thousands should have been mowed down as only dozens were killed, form the Guard, the elite of the Democratic Party in New York...

    Just at the moment when the Democratic Party had hidden her true face behind the most friendly mask and tried to insinuate itself into the favor of the people under the name of a Reform Party-just at this moment the Hibernians tear down its mask, and terrified the people with the repulsive head of Medusa that was hidden behind it.

    Only a few week's back we remarked that the City of New York had in its Irish population an element of anarchy and bloody reign of terror as frightful as ...

    German
    I C, III C
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- July 18, 1871
    [The German Catholics]

    The meeting that had been called for last night at the office of Justice of Peace Schonwald, under the title of an Assembly of German, American, and Irish Catholics, to discuss the New York riots, was very poorly attended. There were at the most twenty-five persons present, all Irish.

    One of the speakers said one could be a pretty good citizen of the United States, and yet beat up an Orange-man; he, for example, being a citizen for a long time and never having been in jail, if he could get an Orange-man to lay his hands on, he would kick him as long as there was any strength left in him. Another orator had the original idea of attributing the events in New York to mass insanity. Neither Catholicism, nor the Irish Catholics, in his opinion could be blamed, it was simply a disease for which nobody could be held responsible.

    The next speaker declared that the Catholics were being persecuted everywhere in this country and were always ill-treated by the press, wherefore a Catholic paper should be founded in every town and every hamlet of the Union.

    Finally, Squire Schonwald took the floor for a grandiloquent address, stating that, though he was born in America, and was named Schonwald, he was one of 2the best of Irishmen, which could not be otherwise because he had no blood but Irish blood in his veins from all his ancestors on both sides. Finally a motion to call another meeting and to adjourn this one was made and adopted.

    The meeting that had been called for last night at the office of Justice of Peace Schonwald, under the title of an Assembly of German, American, and Irish Catholics, to ...

    German
    I C, III C
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- October 18, 1871
    [The Great Fire]

    Serious complaints are being heard about the small consideration which the Germans have found from the Aid Committee and its sub-committees. Especially from the Germans who have found a provisional shelter in the 5th Aid District (Archer Road and surroundings) complaints are coming in. This treatment of the Germans is a shame and proves that there are some people on the committees whose narrow prejudice has not broken down even in the face of the horrible need of German fellow citizens. The great mass of the Germans stands outside the church organizations, and for the Americans the church communities are the alpha and omega of all aid. The recommendation of a cleric or church elder affects the committee members like magic, while the not so recommended German is immediately being regarded with some distrust. If the just demands of the Germans should be refused by the American committee, then it would become necessary to collect German contributions in and outside of Chicago separately, and to organize their separate distribution among Germans. We hope, however, that it will not come to this.

    Serious complaints are being heard about the small consideration which the Germans have found from the Aid Committee and its sub-committees. Especially from the Germans who have found a provisional ...

    German
    II D 10, I C, III C, III A
  • [Association documents] -- October 29, 1871
    Sinai Congregation, Board of Directors Minutes

    Report of the Committee on Place of Worship stating that a certain Jno. H. Ross had rented Standard Hall, but the Board of Directors of the hall reserved the right for the use of the Sinai Congregation.

    Moved and carried, that the committee shall take further charge of the matter and see that the privilege be reserved for the congregation in the lease, and that a pulpit be provided.

    Moved and carried to appoint a committee to see that a melodeon be temporarily procured for our worships and that the choir and leader be notified to attend the worship as usual.

    Report of the Committee on Place of Worship stating that a certain Jno. H. Ross had rented Standard Hall, but the Board of Directors of the hall reserved the right ...

    Jewish
    III C, I B 4, V B
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- November 01, 1871
    [Sermon on the Chicago Fire before the Sinai Community]

    At the corner of Wabash Avenue and Peck Court a house of worship is situated. About a year ago the house had been changed from a church into a synagogue. Last Saturday it saw within its walls a curious gathering. Dr. Chronik gave a sermon of penitance that was worthy of the world-historic event that formed its theme. Among those present were many members of Mount Sinai Community whose synagogue was destroyed by the conflagration. Many of them had stood at the top of the business world before the Fire. Now they must begin over again on the lowest rung of the ladder.

    It was an immensely difficult task. Dr. Chronik showed himself equal to it. He did not change his well-known viewpoints; on the contrary, he lifted his audience up to them with a colossal exertion. He saw in the great conflagration, not a divine punishment for sinners; he did not inject the elementary forces from the outside into the "moral" aspect of the conflagration. "The 2ethical meaning of the catastrophe lay, first of all," said Dr. Chronik, "in the fact that it opens our eyes and irresistibly tells us that we did not use the material goods which we received in so large a measure, and that we neglected the spiritual for the material. We have been unworthy administrators of the goods entrusted to us. This feeling embittered our loss." This part of the sermon was executed brilliantly. It should be heeded not only by Israelites. We regretted that Dr. Chronik did not dwell upon this theme longer. For the same reason we would regret if, at this moment, when a "new departure" has to be taken by all of us--a spiritual one at that--Dr. Chronik, a man and a knight of the spirit, should be lost to our city. May we, just now, be spared such a loss!

    At the corner of Wabash Avenue and Peck Court a house of worship is situated. About a year ago the house had been changed from a church into a synagogue. ...

    Jewish
    I C, III C
  • [Association documents] -- November 05, 1871
    Sinai Congregation, Board of Directors Minutes

    Moved and carried that the committee on procuring a place of worship, try to secure Olivet Presbyterian church, for next Sabbath and get terms for the future.....Moved and carried that invitation be sent the Zion Congregation to participate in the service and inaugural sermon of Dr. Kohler, also to ask Zion Congregation to let us have the use of their choir for next Saturday.

    Moved and carried that the committee on procuring a place of worship, try to secure Olivet Presbyterian church, for next Sabbath and get terms for the future.....Moved and carried that ...

    Jewish
    V B, III B 3 b, III C