The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 01, 1868
    Republican City Convention

    The City Central Committee passed the following resolutions at a meeting held yesterday:

    The Republican city convention will be held on Wednesday, April 6, at 2 P.M., in the office of the court recorder.

    The primary election will be held in the various wards on Tuesday, April 7, at the locations listed below. The polls will be open from 4 to 7 P.M.

    The following men will serve at the primaries as inspectors at the designated polls:

    First Ward

    J. C. Knickerbocker, J. Pflaum, P. Regitz.

    Polling Place: Sheriff's office in the court house.

    2

    Second Ward

    W. T. Hancock, Christian Schell, J. Butler.

    Polling Place: Corner of Van Buren and State Streets.

    Third Ward

    Philipp Wadworth, Louis Wahl, Peter Wolf.

    Polling Place: Corner 12th and State Streets.

    Fourth Ward

    J. H. Becker, Jacob Richmann, George Darling.

    Polling Place: Corner of 22nd and State Streets.

    Fifth Ward

    P. C. Rosinot, James Finuneau, William Hawser.

    3

    Polling Place: Landeck's saloon, 425 Archer Avenue.

    Sixth Ward

    P. G. Gill, Henry Niemeyer, A. Uher.

    Polling Place: Corner Canal and Maxwell Streets.

    Seventh Ward

    August Bruening, J. J. Gillepsie, P. C. Fanney.

    Polling Place: Christ Fenn's saloon, Corner 12th and Union Streets.

    Eighth Ward

    M. L. Frisbie, Isaac Wentworth, Louis Ebersold.

    Polling Place: Southwest corner of Centre Avenue and 12th Street.

    4

    Ninth Ward

    Sam McColter, George W. French, E. A. Wilkins.

    Polling Place: Lake Street Engine House.

    Tenth Ward

    O. J. Lowe, J. R. Hayden, Joseph Wilde.

    Polling Place: Engine House, corner Washington and Clinton Streets.

    Eleventh Ward

    Daniel Probsion, Otto Dehling, Henry Swent.

    Polling Place: Corner Carroll and Halsted Streets.

    Twelfth Ward

    J. Schoenewald, Louis Schultz, John Baumgarten.

    5

    Polling Place: Corner Chicago and Milwaukee Avenues.

    Thirteenth Ward

    Conrad Folz, Peter Mahr, G. D. Beebe.

    Polling Place: Larabee Street Engine House.

    Fourteenth Ward

    Philip Steinmueller, Fred Witte, M. P. Beecher.

    Polling Place: Frillmann's saloon, corner Wells and Division Streets.

    Fifteenth Ward

    Andrew Nelson, George Koerner, J. A. Nelson.

    Polling Place: Turnhalle (Turner Hall).

    6

    Sixteenth Ward

    Fred Busse, G. F. Ray, V. H. Kemp.

    Polling Place: North Market hall.

    The various wards are entitled to the following number of delegates:

    Ward Delegates
    First 10
    Second 8
    Third 8
    Fourth 10
    Fifth 5
    Sixth 5
    Seventh 7
    Eighth 4
    7
    Ward Delegates
    Ninth 12
    Tenth 9
    Eleventh 7
    Twelfth 7
    Thirteenth 6
    Fourteenth 7
    Fifteenth 8
    Sixteenth 7

    It was decided that, for the purpose of preventing fraudulent practices at the primary election, all inspectors shall keep a voting book, and record in it the names of all who vote the Republican ticket at each polling place, and shall send the book to the chairman of the City Central Committee on the morning following the primary election.

    Hasbrook Davis, Chairman,

    H. Bodmann, Secretary.

    The City Central Committee passed the following resolutions at a meeting held yesterday: The Republican city convention will be held on Wednesday, April 6, at 2 P.M., in the office ...

    German
    I F 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 01, 1868
    Republicans of Fourteenth Ward Meet

    A well-attended meeting of the Republicans of the fourteenth ward was held last evening at Hillinger's Saloon, 601 North Wells street. Mr. John Hettinger explained the purpose of the meeting, whereupon Mr. Rudolph Ruhbaum was appointed chairman, and Mr. Martin Horn secretary. On the proposal of Valentin Ruh, a committee of three was appointed to make recommendations for the organization of a permanent Grant Club. The chairman appointed Mr. V. Ruh, Mr. P. Steinmueller, and Mr. T. Reily. This committee made the following recommendations with reference to officers:

    President: V. Ruh.

    Vice-presidents: T. D. Reily, E. Albert, John Mettinger, S. S. Whitney, H. Schlotthauer.

    Secretary: R. Ruhbaum.

    Assistant Secretary: Martin Horn.

    Treasurer: F. Carsons.

    2

    Executive Committee: P. Steinmueller, A. Hottinger, H. Jahus, A. Funk, T. J. Recse, F. Mitte, M. P. Beecher, J. Taubman, F. Frillmann, C. Poesch, J. Loeber, R. Engel, P. Lenz, H. Kenkel, J. Nibbe.

    The president and secretary were authorized to call meetings as they see fit.

    Mr. Whitney, Mr. Dow, and Mr. Roily addressed the meeting in English, and Mr. Ruhbaum, Mr. Ruh, Mr. Hettinger, Mr. Berger, and others in German. All speakers emphasized the importance of the coming election.

    Mr. Berger and Mr. Reily, who are candidates for alderman, declared that they would acquiesce in the decision of the primary election.

    Adjournment followed.

    A well-attended meeting of the Republicans of the fourteenth ward was held last evening at Hillinger's Saloon, 601 North Wells street. Mr. John Hettinger explained the purpose of the meeting, ...

    German
    I F 4, III A, IV
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 09, 1868
    Delegates to the Republican Convention Nomination of Aldermen

    The following were elected candidates for alderman and delegates to the Republican convention at yesterday's primary:

    First Ward

    Delegates: Peter Regitz, Daniel Schaefer, Jacob Beiersdorf. [Translator's note: The names of seven more men are listed.]

    Alderman: William Cox.

    Second ward

    Delegates: Jacob Koch, Henry Schroeder. [Translator's note: The names of six more men are listed.]

    Alderman: Thomas Gough.

    2

    Third Ward

    Delegates: Joseph Doktor, Charles Kleutsch, Peter Wolf. [Translator's note: The names of six more men are listed.]

    Alderman: Louis Wahl.

    Fourth Ward

    Delegates: O. A. Schultz, C. H. Gubert, Otto Blohm, Conrad Seipp. [Translator's note: The names of six more men are listed.]

    Alderman: A. C. Calkins.

    Fifth Ward

    Delegates: M. Schmitz, August Brauer, John Pfende. [Translator's note: The names of three more men are listed.]

    Alderman: T. Finneau.

    Constable: C. Gehring.

    3

    Sixth Ward

    Delegates: B. Weichselbaum, Alois Uher, William Ruehl. [Translator's note: The names of two more men are listed.]

    Alderman: Not chosen.

    Seventh Ward

    Delegates: George Fliehmann, Max Schuler, John Schenck. [Translator's note: The names of four more men are listed.]

    Alderman: Christian Schlueter.

    Eighth Ward

    Delegates: William Loehmer, John Preis. [Translator's note: The names of two more men are listed.]

    Alderman: John Block.

    4

    Ninth Ward

    Delegates: H. B. Miller, Doctor Bluthardt. [Translator's note: The names of ten more men are listed.]

    Alderman: William Woodward.

    Tenth Ward

    Delegates: Joseph Hayden, John Hoffmann, D. Fitsch, Joseph Wilde. [Translator's note: The names of five more men are listed.]

    Aldermen: E. C. P. Holden, Alvin Calisbury.

    Eleventh Ward

    Delegates: E. S. Solomon, Otto Dehling, E. G. Sievers, Henry Glade, Henry Brandt. [Translator's note: The names of two more men are listed.]

    Alderman: B. F. Russel.

    5

    Twelfth Ward

    Delegates: John Baumgarten, C. Hirsch, Jacob Schoenewald, Louis Schultz. [Translator's note: The names of two more men are listed.] Alderman: John Buehler.

    Thirteenth Ward

    Delegates: Conrad Folz, John Armbruster, William Fiedler,Fred Benzinger. [Translator's note: The names of two more men are listed.]

    Alderman: K. George Schmidt.

    Constable: Nicholas Dries.

    Fourteenth Ward

    Delegates: Valentine Ruh, P. Steinmueller, Henry Schlotthauer, John Taubmann, Anton Funk, John Nibbe, Fritz Frillmann.

    6

    Alderman: Louis Berger.

    Constable: Charles Hoevel.

    Fifteenth ward

    Delegates: Fred Grund, Adolph Aueller, Emil Hoechster, Tobias Almenoinger. [Translator's note: The names of four more men are listed.]

    Alderman: John Herting.

    Sixteenth ward

    Delegates: Henry Lamparter, J. L. Stark, Fred Heinze, George Oertel, Henry Malzacher. [Translator's note: The names of four more men are listed.]

    Alderman: Robert S. Clark.

    Constable: Star Hawley.

    The following were elected candidates for alderman and delegates to the Republican convention at yesterday's primary: First Ward Delegates: Peter Regitz, Daniel Schaefer, Jacob Beiersdorf. [Translator's note: The names of ...

    German
    I F 4, IV
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 14, 1868
    Inspectors and Places of Registration

    Following is a list of places of registration and supervising inspectors of election.

    First Ward--First District

    Inspectors--Simon W. King, B. B. Tuttle, S. S. Benjamin. Place of registration--49 Wabash Avenue.

    First Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--Charles F. Chilson, Peter Regitz, A. Banyon. Place of registration--98 South Wells Street.

    Second Ward--First District

    Inspectors--W. T. Hancock, Isaac Howland, C. C. Garber. Place of registration--Southwest corner of State and Van Buren Streets.

    2

    Second Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--Joseph Butler, William H. Young, Anton Berg. Place of registration--Northwest corner of Van Buren and Sherman Streets.

    Third Ward--First District

    Inspectors--John D. Jennings, Joseph Pollock, George A. Meech. Place of registration--Taylor Street, in the rear of 504 State Street.

    Third Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--N. S. Bouton, E. R. Fowler, Dr. Hahn.

    Fourth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--George C. Morton, W. R. Schroeder, R. A. B. Mills. Place of registration--Buell House, southeast corner of State and 22nd Streets.

    Fourth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--W. P. Comstock, Morgan, L. Keith, Samuel Boerger. Place of 3registration--Old Engine Number Nine, corner Cottage Grove Avenue and 26th Street.

    Fifth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--Henry Schmitz, Henry Morris, John Bannon. Place of registration--680 Archer Avenue.

    Fifth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--James Clary, Thomas McMahon, Christian Freund. Place of registration--131 Archer Avenue.

    Sixth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--B. G. Gill, Nicholas Linden, William Jauncey. Place of registration--Maxwell Street Engine House.

    Sixth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--W. W. Washburne, B. Weichselbaum, Anton Schaefer. Place of 4registration--Home of Michal Fitzgerald, northwest corner of Polk and Canal Streets.

    Seventh Ward--First District

    Inspectors--George Heart, Christian Tegtmeyer, Gotthard Schaaf. Place of registration--Corner of Mitchell and Union Streets.

    Seventh Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--A. Bruening, William Frazier, Edward Murphy. Place of registration--Blue Island Avenue Engine House.

    Eighth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--R.P. Deerickson, Michael Reddinger, Theodore Clowry. Place of registration--Corner of Blue Island Avenue and Sampson Street.

    Eighth Ward--Second District Inspectors--R. M. Guilford, William Boehmer, W. I. Onahan. Place of registration 5--Home of James Bridgeman, Polk Street near Centre Avenue.

    Ninth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--H. Weinkopp, Samuel McColter, Daniel Worthington. Place of registration--Washingtonian Home.

    Ninth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--A. St. John Campbell, Thomes McNamara, J. Pike. Place of registration--West Lake Street Engine House.

    Tenth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--Pleasant Amick, A. G. Loewe, Hiram M. Chase. Place of registration --West Jackson Street Engine House, between Clinton and Jefferson Streets.

    Tenth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--Alvin Salisbury, George W. Bohannon, A. L. Amberg. Place of 6registration--Engine House, corner Washington and Clinton Streets.

    Eleventh Ward--First District

    Inspectors--William Weimann, George Morey, Henry Grace. Place of registration--Corner of Carroll and Desplaines Streets.

    Eleventh Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--Peter McGinnis, A. L. Bennett, A. W. Klein. Place of registration--Corner of Halsted and West Indiana Streets.

    Twelfth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--Charles H. Duensing, Louis Schultz, A. O. Bryan. Place of registration--336 Milwaukee Avenue.

    Twelfth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--James McGrath, W. G. Sturtevant, H. Thies. Place of registration-- 7421 Elston Road.

    Thirteenth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--Fred Bensinger, Eben Woodruff, Henry Rose. Place of registration--Engine House on Larrabee Street near North Avenue.

    Thirteenth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--Thomas Shirely, Peter Mahr, James Curry. Place of registration--(not given).

    Fourteenth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--Robert Engel, Louis Berger, John McHughn. Place of registration--Corner of Larrabee Street and Clybourne Avenue.

    Fourteenth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--Henry Jahns, Philipp Steinmueller, John Ries. Place of registration--Fritz Frillmann's Saloon, corner of Division and Wells Streets.

    8

    Fifteenth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--Henry Wendt, J. C. Grant, Dr. Boyer. Place of registration--North-west corner of Chicago Avenue and Wells Street.

    Fifteenth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--William McClark, W. S. Golsen, Lorenz Baer. Place of registration --Corner of Rush Street and Chicago Avenue.

    Sixteenth Ward--First District

    Inspectors--Joseph Briggs, Elihu Granger, Andrew Nelson. Place of registration --Corner of Franklin and Indiana Streets.

    Sixteenth Ward--Second District

    Inspectors--Fred Heintze, Martin Green, Patrick Smith. Place of registration --North Market Hall.

    Following is a list of places of registration and supervising inspectors of election. First Ward--First District Inspectors--Simon W. King, B. B. Tuttle, S. S. Benjamin. Place of registration--49 Wabash Avenue. ...

    German
    I F 1, I F 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 22, 1868
    The New City Council

    The new City Council consists of the following members. [The old members are listed on the left and the new members on the right.]

    J. Knickerbocker...... (1st Ward) ......... William Cox
    Authur Dixon........ (2 st Ward) ........D. Donnellan
    Charles G. Wicker..... (3rd Ward) ......... Stephen Barrett
    Sam McRoy......... (4th Ward) ........ A.C. Calkins
    John Raber......... (5th Ward) ........ Mark Sheridan
    David Walsh....... (6th Ward) ........ J. Keely
    John McAllister...... (7th Ward) ........ J. H. Hildreth
    John Comisky........ (8th Ward) ........ Patrick Rafferty
    John Carpenter....... (9th Ward) ........ W. Woodward
    Vacancy.......... (10th Ward) ........ C. C.P. Holden Alvin Salisbury
    2
    Sam J. Russell....... (11th Ward) ......... B. F. Russell
    C. J. Casselmann...... (12th Ward) ......... John Buehler
    George T. Beebe...... (13th Ward) ......... George Schmidt
    Theodore Shintz...... (14th Ward) ......... Louis Berger
    Sam Shockford....... (15th Ward) ......... John Herting
    George B. Mansur...... (16th Ward) ......... Edward Kehoe

    The new City Council consists of the following members. [The old members are listed on the left and the new members on the right.] <table> <tr> <td>J. Knickerbocker......</td> <td>(1st Ward)</td> ...

    German
    I F 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 30, 1868
    Delegates to the Republican County Convention

    Election of delegates to the Republican County Convention which will meet tomorrow in the room of the Recorder's Court was held in yesterday's primary. Following is the result:

    First Ward

    Peter Regitz, Isaac Pflaum. [Translator's note: The names of eight men are omitted.]

    Second Ward

    Henry Schleuning, Joseph Sicher. [Translator's note: The names of six other men are omitted.]

    Third Ward

    Patrick Wagner, Louis Wahl, Joseph Doktor, Albert Reiners. [Translator's note: 2The names of four other men are omitted.]

    Fourth Ward

    O. A. Schultz, Otto Bluhm. [Translator's note: The names of eight other men are omitted.]

    Fifth Ward

    G. T. Kolbe, M. Schlumbrecht, O. Eigenmann. [Translator's note: The names of two other men are omitted.]

    Sixth Ward

    Alois Uher, Gustav Bausenbach, Andreas Enzenbacher. [Translator's note: The name of one other man is omitted.]

    Seventh Ward

    Charles Loeding. [Translator's note: The names of five other men are omitted.]

    3

    Eighth Ward

    Julius Miller, George Martin. [Translator's note: The name of one other man is omitted.]

    Ninth Ward

    [Translator's note: No names of Americans of German descent are listed.]

    Tenth Ward

    J. Hayden, Ino Hoffmann, Joseph Wilde, T. D. Fitch. [Translator's note: The names of six other men are omitted.]

    Eleventh Ward

    Joseph Witte, Henry Gade, Otto Dehling, E. S. Solomon. [Translator's note: The names of five other men are omitted.]

    Twelfth Ward

    John Bartels. [Translator's note: The names of two other men are omitted.]

    4

    Thirteenth Ward

    Conrad Folz, Gustavus Fischer, K. George Schmitt. [Translator' s note: The names of three other men are omitted.]

    Fourteenth Ward

    Adam Grimmel, Fritz Beinhof, William Kleber, P. Steinmueller, John Loeber. [Translator's note: The name of one other man is omitted.]

    Fifteenth Ward

    A. C. Hesing, John Herting, Peter Hand. [Translator's note: The names of five other men are listed.]

    Sixteenth Ward

    A. Baierle, G. Oertel. [Translator's note: The names of five other men are listed.]

    Election of delegates to the Republican County Convention which will meet tomorrow in the room of the Recorder's Court was held in yesterday's primary. Following is the result: First Ward ...

    German
    I F 1, I F 4, IV
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 20, 1869
    Edmund Jussen (Editorial)

    All local Germans will be gratified to hear that Mr. Edmund Jussen has been appointed Federal Revenue Collector for the First District of Illinois; for it would have been difficult to find a more capable and worthy German representative for this important office. Mr. Jussen is a well-educated man and is highly respected by all who know him. A gentleman in the full sense of the word, his political attitude, too, has been weighed and not found wanting. During his long residence in Chicago he acquired all the technical and commercial knowledge necessary to perform the duties of his new office, and his work will be a credit to the friends who sponsored his appointment.

    Originally Mr. Jussen sought a European consulate in the hope of recovering 2his health which had been impaired by his strenuous activity during the War.

    While on the way to Washington, he took sick in New York, and he was in that city when Mr. Jacob Rehm, the only other German aspirant to the office of Revenue Collector, voluntarily withdrew his application. Some close friends of Mr. Jussen then decided to persuade him to apply for the appointment, and so notified him by telegraph. When they received his consent, Mr. Judd took charge of the matter with the zeal which he is wont to display when acting in behalf of his German friends. He and some German Republicans of Chicago succeeded in persuading the President to disregard his (the President's) brother's business partner and appoint Mr. Jussen.

    The fact that Mr. Jussen is related to Carl Schurz caused some of the latter's jealous opponents to accuse him of nepotism. However, we can assure them that Mr. Schurz is not guilty of any underhanded act. Just because he is related to Mr. Jussen, and any intervention on his part in behalf of Mr. Jussen would 3be ascribed to motives other than a desire to promote public interest, he refrained from using his influence in the matter. In fact, he had absolutely nothing to do with the appointment. Mr. Jussen owes his appointment solely to his position among his fellow citizens and political associates in Chicago who succeeded in convincing the President that he could chose no better man for the work. As to the claims of Mr. Schurz' political friends in Missouri--that he should use his influence in their behalf--they may rest assured that none of that influence was exercised for the benefit of Chicago.

    [Translator's note: For a biography of Mr. Jussen see Andrae's History of Chicago.]

    All local Germans will be gratified to hear that Mr. Edmund Jussen has been appointed Federal Revenue Collector for the First District of Illinois; for it would have been difficult ...

    German
    I F 4, I F 1, IV
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 31, 1871
    [The Official City News in German]

    The City Council which was elected in November, 1869 (with a majority of "reformers") tried to take away the job of printing the official city news in German from the Illinois Staats Zeitung and to turn it over to the "Volks Zeitung" a paper founded in opposition to the Staats Zeitung. The Illinois Staats Zeitung got out a judicial injunction as well as a directed order to the City Council to give the job to the Staats Zeitung.

    The Volks Zeitung appealed. The Superior Court has now handed down a decision saying that it should not have been forbidden to the Volks Zeitung to get the city printing job at some future time when it should be the German paper with the largest circulation in the State.

    The Staats Zeitung is pleased and amused by this decision, the editor saying that his paper still has eight times as many subscribers as the Volks Zeitung.

    The City Council which was elected in November, 1869 (with a majority of "reformers") tried to take away the job of printing the official city news in German from the ...

    German
    II B 2 d 1, I F 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- February 06, 1871
    Editorial about a change in the Election System.

    The Illinois Staats Zeitung, claims to have been first to urge minority representatives and attacks against Medill of the Tribune, who is said to have given up his own plan, (and to have been successful in putting it into the new State Constitution)but whose paper now calls it a "Free Election." The Staats Zeitung says that it betrays a lack of confidence in the people to try and sell it a new thing by camouflaging it by an old and popular name. It would be right to call it "popular representation" only, that this expression has been used, heretofore, for what in fact was majority representation. The phrase "minority representation" will give every body, immediately, a clear idea.

    Let us hope that the people will adopt it but dont let us try to swindle the people into an acceptance of it.

    The Illinois Staats Zeitung, claims to have been first to urge minority representatives and attacks against Medill of the Tribune, who is said to have given up his own plan, ...

    German
    I F 3, II B 2 d 1, I F 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 17, 1871
    [The Temperance Movement]

    The fruits of the so-called People's Movement of the 18th of November, 1869, begin to make themselves very strongly felt. Mayor Mason and Mark Sheridan have hitched themselves together before the temperance wagon and try to pull it forward. The Staats Zeitung has said it a hundred times when the Mayor was nominated that he is a temperance man even though one cannot say much else against him. The Staats Zeitung has warned that the so-called Reform and People's Movement was endangering German interests, that the whole was only a disguised attack against the German influence. This indictment now has been proven true.

    On Saturday afternoon, a meeting took place at the Mayor's which was attended by the three police Commissioners, 19 Aldermen, some obscure gentlemen from temperance circles and Mr. Drake, Proprietor of Tremont House. Of the German Aldermen only one, Herr Schaffner, was invited. That he gave the other gentlemen a piece of his mind in good German fashion needs hardly to be mentioned. The meeting was so secret that doors were locked. Reporters were not admitted. We are able nevertheless to give an almost verbatim report.

    2

    Mayor Mason explained the reason for the meeting. Something has to be dome to carry municipal decrees and the Sunday State Law into effect. He asked Alderman Schaffner to take the word. Herr Schaffner declared that while being an American citizen with his whole heart in this question he had to represent the views of his German fellow citizens. He and his countrymen regarded the attempts the made by the temperance people as encroachments on their rights. He made his conviction clear in no uncertain terms that the Sunday Law could not be made to function, that the Germans would not stand for it and that he was afraid the attempts to enforce it would lead to unpleasnatness and possibly worse.

    Alderman Me Cotter: The Germans must submit themselves. It is really impudent considering that they came here poor and in order to make moneys and that afterwards they always want to be considered Germans only. Alderman Schaffner protested, saying he was just as good as Americans as Me cotter even if not so big a Know-nothing.

    The fruits of the so-called People's Movement of the 18th of November, 1869, begin to make themselves very strongly felt. Mayor Mason and Mark Sheridan have hitched themselves together before ...

    German
    I B 2, II B 2 d 1, I F 4, I C